240 years ago
The Spanish ship San Carlos, commanded by Juan Manuel de Ayala, entered what would soon be called San Francisco Bay.
200 years ago
Born on this date
Edward John Eyre. U.K. explorer and politician. Mr. Eyre was a pioneering explorer of South Australia from 1839-1841. He was Lieutenant Governor of the New Zealand province of New Munster from 1848-1853, and Governor of Jamaica from 1862-1865. His use of martial law in the brutal suppression of the Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica in 1865 led to attempts in England to have him tried for murder. A grand jury refused to indict Mr. Eyre, and he was acquitted in a civil trial. Mr. Eyre died on November 30, 1901 at the age of 86.
120 years ago
Died on this date
Friedrich Engels, 74. German-born U.K. philosopher. Mr. Engels was raised in a Christian Pietist family, but turned to atheism as a young man, and became a follower of the philosophy of G.W.F. Hegel. He moved to England at the age of 22, where he became known for his association with Karl Marx. Mr. Engels wrote The Condition of the Working Class in England (1845), and co-authored, with Mr. Marx, The Communist Manifesto (1848). After Mr. Marx's death in 1883, Mr. Engels edited the second and third volumes of Mr. Marx's work Das Kapital (1885; 1894).
90 years ago
Died on this date
Jennie Lee, 76. U.S. actress. Miss Lee appeared in 58 silent films from 1912-1924, but ws best known for playing--in blackface--the Negro servant Mammy in The Birth of a Nation (1915).
Politics and government
The Welsh political party Plaid Cymru was founded with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language that was at the time in danger of dying out.
80 years ago
Died on this date
David Townsend, 43. U.S. art director. Mr. Townsend worked with several movie studios from 1919 until his death in a car accident while scouting locations in Sonora Pass in California for Robin Hood of El Dorado (1936).
75 years ago
Montreal Mayor Camilien Houde was arrested by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for sedition. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler authorized a stepped-up offensive against the United Kingdom. Both the British and Italians claimed success after the largest reported air battle over Libya to date. Japanese forces took control of the important Chinese port city of Kwangchowan.
The U.S.S.R. formally annexed Latvia.
The U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee approved the Burke-Wadsworth Selective Service Bill and sent it to the full Senate. The United States War Department approved construction of future munitions plants between the Allegheny and Rocky Mountains. Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie urged that industrial plants be decentralized and relocated in smaller communities.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress and state legislatures to enact additional laws dealing with subversive and seditious acts.
Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that if the U.S. presidential election were held today, President Franklin D. Roosevelt would take 51% of the vote to 49% for Republican candidate Wendell Willkie.
Regular trans-Atlantic airmail service between the U.K. and U.S.A. began with the landing of the first flight in New York.
The U.S. National Education Association issued a statement urging all educators to aid the defense program by instilling new faith in democracy.
Economics and finance
The United States Treasury Department announced that, as of July 31, 1945, the national debt was $44,034,571,710.
In the second game of a doubleheader before 2,158 fans at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis, John Whitehead pitched a 4-0 no-hitter for the Browns against the Detroit Tigers in a game that was called because of rain after 6 innings. The win was the first of the season for Mr. Whitehead and the 49th and last of his major league career. The Tigers won the first game 9-2, with Pete Fox driving in 3 runs and Schoolboy Rowe pitching a 6-hit complete game to improve his 1940 record to 10-2.
Jimmie Foxx hit his 25th home run of the season with a man on base in the 5th inning to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the New York Yankees 4-1 before 5,100 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Fritz Ostermueller pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Ernie "Tiny" Bonham, who pitched a complete game, allowing 10 hits and 4 runs--3 earned--in his major leagu debut, walking 2 batters and striking out 2.
70 years ago
Chungking reports claimed that 50,000 Chinese had been killed or were missing in the recently-liberated province of Kiangsi.
The Yugoslavian parliament passed a far-reaching amnesty law, pardoning thousands held on collaboration charges. War criminals and members of certain Fascist groups were not included in the measure.
U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) recommended to Secretary of State James Byrnes that the Western Hemisphere be left outside the peacekeeping functions of the United Nations, giving the American republics continued responsibility for policing the area.
The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons asked U.S. President Harry Truman to investigate rumours of a doctor surplus in the armed forces and to release immediately those not needed.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman (2nd week at #1)
At the movies
To Catch a Thief, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Cary Grant and Grace Kelly, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Carmen Miranda, 46. Portuguese-born Brazilian actress and singer. Miss Miranda moved to Brazil with her family when she was an infant. She became a hugely popular recording artist in Brazil in the 1930s, helping to popularize the samba. Miss Miranda attracted the attention of a Broadway producer and began performing in the United States in 1939. She became famous as "The Brazilian Bombshell" in movies such as Down Argentine Way (1940) and The Gang's All Here (1943), and was especially known for her trademark fruit hat. However, Brazilians and other South Americans thought Miss Miranda was portraying a Hollywood caricature of a South American rather than a true image of their culture. Her popularity declined in the late 1940s, but she was still active in show business at the time of her death, which occurred several hours after filming a musical sequence for the television program The Jimmy Durante Show. Miss Miranda dropped to her knees briefly and claimed to be out of breath, but finished the number; early the next morning, she died of a heart attack.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Help!--The Beatles
Filming of Easy Come, Easy Go, a comedy starring the singing duo Jan and Dean, and Terry-Thomas, was halted when a train struck a flatcar during a scene, resulting in injuries to 15 people, including Jan Berry and director Barry Shear. Mr. Berry suffered a badly-broken left leg, and it was only his skill as a medical student in applying a tourniquet that prevented him from possibly bleeding to death. Mr. Shear's injuries were serious enough for the film to be cancelled. Filming had begun on August 2.
The city of Laval was created by Quebec provincial legislation.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 began as Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control dressed as local civilians.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Bill Morrell, 82. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Morrell played with the Washington Nationals (1926) and New York Giants (1930-1931), compiling a record of 8-6 with an earned run average of 4.64 in 48 games. He played for numerous minor league teams in at least nine leagues in a career that spanned at least from 1924-1941.
Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Miki arrived in Washington for two days of talks with U.S. President Gerald Ford.
Dutch elm disease, which had so far attacked more than three million trees in Britain, was spreading, according to Forestry Commission officials.
Hamilton (1-2) 15 @ Montreal (1-2) 8
Calgary (2-1) 28 @ British Columbia (0-3) 13
Jim McMillan passed 20 yards to Terry Evanshen with 24 seconds remaining in the 2nd quarter for the game's only touchdown to help the Tiger-Cats upset the Alouettes before 22,287 fans at Autostade. Mr. Evanshen's touchdown reception was the 64th of his 11-year CFL career, tying him for the career lead with former Alouette and Tiger-Cat Hal Patterson, who played from 1954-1967. Andy Hopkins rushed 10 times for 72 yards for Hamilton, while backfield mate Charles Jessamy rushed for 72 yards on 20 carries. Montreal's Joe Petty led all receivers with 113 yards on 5 receptions.
Willie Burden caught touchdown passes of 14 and 7 yards from Karl Douglas and rushed 1 yard for another TD as the Stampeders beat the Lions before 15,167 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Mr. Burden rushed 30 times for 182 yards and caught 2 passes for 22. The only B.C. touchdown came on a 12-yard pass from Peter Liske to Wayne Moseley with 3 seconds remaining in the game, followed by a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Liske to Lou Harris. It was the first CFL game for Calgary offensive tackle Lloyd Fairbanks, and the last game in a Calgary uniform for defensive end Fred James, who was in his ninth season with the Stampeders; he was released four days later, and subsequently joined the Edmonton Eskimos.
The Philadelphia Phillies traded outfielder Dave Schneck to the Cincinnati Reds for infielder John Vukovich. Mr. Schneck was on the roster of the Toledo Mud Hens of the International League, where he was batting .217 with 6 home runs and 25 runs batted in in 92 games. He was traded after Toledo's games against the Richmond Braves that night. Mr. Vukovich had played with the Phillies in 1970 and 1971, and had begun the 1975 season as Cincinnati's starting third baseman, but was sent down to the Indianapolis Indians of the American Association after batting .211 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 31 games. In 49 games with Indianapolis, he was batting .138 with no homers and 12 RBIs.
The Oakland Athletics released pitcher Roger Nelson. The Athletics had signed Mr. Nelson after his release by the Chicago White Sox on March 25, and had assigned him to the Tucsno Toros of the Pacific Coast League. In 20 games with Tucson, Mr. Nelson was 7-8 with an earned run average of 3.73.
Don Carrithers pitched a 5-hitter and Dennis Blair and Woodie Fryman combined for another 5-hitter as the Montreal Expos swept the New York Mets 7-0 and 7-0 in a twi-night doubleheader before 26,919 fans at Shea Stadium in New York, marking the end of the line for Yogi Berra as manager of the Mets. Bob Bailey and Barry Foote hit home runs in the first game, while Pete Mackanin batted 3 for 5 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in in the second game. Mets' board chairman M. Donald Grant and general manager Joe McDonald decided in the 7th inning of the first game to fire Mr. Berra, who had managed the team since replacing the late Gil Hodges in April 1972. Immediately after the second game, coach and former Mets' shortstop Roy McMillan was hired to replace Mr. Berra, who wasn't informed of his dismissal until 9:15 A.M. the next day.
The Philadelphia Phillies scored 10 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning as they beat the Chicago Cubs 13-5 before 19,611 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mike Schmidt hit 2 home runs and batted in 4 runs, and Garry Maddox also homered and drove in 4 runs. Bill Bonham started on the mound for Chicago and faced 7 batters, all who made hits and came around to score. He was relieved by Ken Crosby, who allowed 5 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in 3 innings in his major league debut, while striking out 1 batter and committing a balk. He came to bat in the top of the 3rd inning, drew a base on balls, and scored.
Richie Zisk drove in 2 runs with a home run and a double, and Bill Robinson and Duffy Dyer also drove in 2 runs each as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the St. Louis Cardinals 6-1 before 25,489 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Jim Rooker pitched a 7-hit complete game victory.
Cesar Geronimo batted 3 for 5 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in as the Cincinnati Reds defeated the San Francisco Giants 6-3 before 8,812 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
Bobby Tolan singled, moved to second base on a balk, and scored on a throwing error by shortstop Jerry DaVanon to give the San Diego Padres a 6-5 win over the Houston Astros before 6,874 fans at San Diego Stadium.
Don Sutton pitched a 5-hitter for his 40th career major league shutout and batted 2 for 4 with a run batted in as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the Atlanta Braves 5-0 before 24,452 fans at Dodger Stadium. Jim Wynn hit a home run in the 6th inning for his 1,000th career major league run.
Jim Palmer pitched a 2-hitter to improve his 1975 record to 16-7 and win the pitchers' duel over Luis Tiant as the Baltimore Orioles shut out the Boston Red Sox 3-0 before 35,662 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Boston second baseman Denny Doyle's hitting streak ended at 22 games.
Rico Carty batted 2 for 3 and drove in 4 runs as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Detroit Tigers 8-4 before 5,442 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.
Bobby Bonds batted 4 for 5 with 2 runs and 2 runs batted in, and his solo home run in the top of the 9th inning was the winning run as the New York Yankees edged the Milwaukee Brewers 4-3 before 18,898 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Catfish Hunter pitched a 9-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 15-10.
John Mayberry's 2-run home run was the big hit of a 4-run 4th inning as the Kansas City Royals beat the Minnesota Twins 6-1 before 14,275 fans at Royals Stadium. Al Fitzmorris pitched a 2-hit complete game victory.
The California Angels had 17 hits as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 10-4 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 7,265 fans at White Sox Park, but had just 4 hits in the second game, which the White Sox won 4-1. Mickey Rivers batted 4 for 5 with a triple for California in the first game, while Jerry Remy had 2 singles and 4 runs batted in. Bill Gogolewski, who relieved Chicago starting and losing pitcher Claude Osteen in the 3rd inning, allowed 4 hits, a base on balls, and 5 runs--all earned--in 2/3 inning in the final game of his 6-year major league career. The White Sox scored all their runs in the 6th inning of the second game, while Jesse Jefferson pitched 8 2/3 innings to get the win.
Dick Bosman allowed just 2 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings as the Oakland Athletics edged the Texas Rangers 3-2 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 22,380 fans at Arlington Stadium. Losing pitcher Stan Perzanowski went the distance, allowing 7 hits and 3 runs--2 earned. The Rangers scored 8 runs in the 6th inning as they won the second game 15-2, with third baseman Roy Howell driving in 5 runs with a solo home run and his first major league grand slam. Winning pitcher Clyde Wright pitched a 6-hit complete game, allowing 2 earned runs, while losing pitcher Sonny Siebert put 3s across the board--3 innings; 3 hits; 3 runs, all earned; 3 bases on balls; 3 strikeouts. Jim Todd, the second of three Oakland pitchers, allowed 10 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 9 runs--all earned--in 3 innings. He was followed on the mound by Jim Perry, who allowed 4 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--with 1 strikeout in 2 innings in the 630th and final game of his 17-year major league career.
The Toledo Mud Hens and Richmond Braves of the International League completed a protested game before playing a doubleheader at Lucas County Stadium in Toledo. The protested game was begun on June 14 and was the first game of a scheduled doubleheader. The Braves were leading 7-6 with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning. Richmond manager Clint Courtney, who had made a trip to the mound earlier in the inning to talk to pitcher Pablo Torrealba, went to home plate to ask catcher Jim Breazeale about a call on a 3-2 pitch to Toledo's Reggie Thomas, and then told Mr. Breazeale to tell Mr. Torrealba to pitch carefully to the next batter, Dave Schneck. Home plate umpire Phil Durkee immediately told Mr. Courtney he was being charged with a trip to the mound, but he had forgotten about Mr. Courtney's earlier trip to the mound, and Mr. Durkee didn't tell the Mud Hens that Mr. Courtney was being charged with a trip to the mound for taking to Mr. Breazeale. Mr. Torrealba retired Mr. Schneck on a line drive to end the game. After the game, Mr. Durkee was being questioned by writers, who then asked Toledo manager Jim Bunning about the incident. Mr. Bunning, who hadn't known that Mr. Courtney had been charged with a visit to the mound for his visit to home plate, phoned Toledo general manager Charlie Senger, who filed a protest with IL President George Sisler. Mr. Sisler upheld the protest and ruled that a second trip to the mound in the same inning required the pitcher to be removed from the game. He ruled that the game was to be resumed at the point of Mr. Courtney's visit to Mr. Breazeale. The second game of the June 14 doubleheader was postponed because of rain. Unfortunately, the protested game was the last that Mr. Courtney witnessed, because he suffered a fatal heart attack less than two days later, and was replaced as manager by Bob Lemon. When the game resumed on August 5, Adrian Devine had replaced Mr. Torrealba on the mound for Richmond, and he walked Mr. Schneck to force in the tying run. Alan Bannister followed with a bloop single to center field to drive in the winning run as the Mud Hens won 8-7, with relief pitcher Jesus Hernaiz getting the win. In the first regularly-scheduled game, Toledo's Quency Hill pitched a no-hitter through the regulation 7 innings, but the Mud Hens had managed just 1 hit against Preston Hanna, and the game was tied 0-0. The Braves got 3 hits and a run off Mr. Hill in the 8th to win 1-0, as Mr. Hanna finished with a 2-hitter. Willie Hernandez pitched a 6-hit complete game, with home run help from Jerry Martin and Larry Fritz as Toledo won the second game 5-1.
Benny Ayala's home run in the 11th inning gave the Tidewater Tides a 1-0 win over the Pawtucket Red Sox in an International League game. Bill Laxton pitched a 3-hit shutout for the Tides.
The Memphis Blues came back from a 3-0 deficit to beat the Syracuse Chiefs 6-3 in an International League game. Jerry White provided home run help for Bob Gebhard, who won with relief from Ron Diorio. Don Castle homered for Syracuse.
Tom McMillan hit a grand slam in the 1st inning to help the Oklahoma City 89ers defeat the Evansville Triplets 9-4 in an American Association game. Tommy Smith singled twice and scored 3 runs, while Orlando Gonzalez singled twice and drove in 3 for the 89ers. Jim McCutchin was the winning pitcher, with relief help from Jim Strickland.
Luke Walker and Chuck Sprinkle combined for a 7-hit shutout as the Iowa Oaks blanked the Denver Bears 4-0 in an American Association game. Roe Skidmore hit a home run for the Oaks.
Pinch hitter Craig Kusick hit a home run in the 9th inning to give the Tacoma Twins an 8-7 win over the Hawaii Islanders in a Pacific Coast League game. Tom Kelly hit a 3-run homer for the Twins, and Randy Bass also homered for Tacoma. Jim Fairey and Dave Roberts hit home runs for Hawaii.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crazy for You--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Majo--Kyōko Koizumi
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Live is Life--Opus
Died on this date
Arnold Horween, 87. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Horween, born Arnold Horwitz, was a back with Harvard University (1916, 1919-1920) and the Racine and Chicago Cardinals (1921-1924). He was an All-American in his last two years at Harvard, and kicked the winning point in the 1920 Rose Bowl. Mr. Horween coached the Cardinals in his last two seasons with them, compiling a record of 16-7. He returned to Harvard as football coach from 1926-1930, compiling a record of 20-17-3. Mr. Horween then moved back to his native Chicago, where he operated the family business, the Horween Leather Company.
Darryl Strawberry hit 3 straight home runs and then a single to lead the New York Mets to a 7-2 win over the Chicago Cubs before 34,107 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): U Can't Touch This/Dancin' Machine--MC Hammer (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (5th week at #1)
230 U.S. Marines were flown to Monrovia from ships off the coast of Liberia to rescue American citizens endangered by that country’s civil war.
After meeting with local mayors, Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa gave the Mohawk Warriors 48 hours to negotiate a peaceful settlement before he took "appropriate measures." The Warriors had been blockading two communities in a dispute over land that they claimed belonged to them.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2 (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Dub-I-Dub--Me & My (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): So Good--Boyzone (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Waterfalls--TLC (5th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Waterfalls--TLC (5th week at #1)
2 One More Chance/Stay with Me--Notorious B.I.G.
3 I Can Love You Like That--All-4-One
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
6 Someone to Love--Jon B featuring Babyface
7 Run-Around--Blues Traveler
8 Boombastic/Summer Time--Shaggy/Shaggy (featuring Rayvon)
9 Every Little Thing I Do--Soul for Real
10 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
Singles entering the chart were Summer Time; You are Not Alone by Michael Jackson (#17); Criminology by Raekwon (#60, charting with the A-side, Glaciers of Ice); Somethin' 4 Da Honeyz by Montell Jordan (#75); Summertime in the LBC by Dove Shack (#78); and Why by Jamie Walters (#84).
The Croatian city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, was captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated in Croatia as Victory Day.
Winnipeg (2-4) 17 @ Shreveport (2-5) 65
Memphis (3-4) 9 @ San Antonio (4-3) 24
Martin Patton rushed for 5 touchdowns as the Pirates built a 42-0 lead in the 3rd quarter and routed the Blue Bombers before 11,554 fans at the Independence Bowl. Mr. Patton tied a league single-game record for rushing touchdowns set by Earl Lunsford of the Calgary Stampeders on September 3, 1962, and was the first player to score 5 TDs in a game since that date.
Jimmy Kemp, replacing the injured David Archer, completed touchdown passes of 4 yards to Kitrick Taylor and 42 yards to Mike Saunders as the Texans defeated the Mad Dogs before 15,557 fans at the Alamodome.
10 years ago
Edmonton (5-2) 19 @ British Columbia (6-0) 25
After a scoreless 1st quarter, the Lions took a 20-0 lead in he 2nd quarter and held on to defeat the Eskimos before 35,568 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. quarterback Casey Printers rushed 5 yards for a touchdown to open the scoring on the first play of the 2nd quarter, and later handed off to Antonio Warren for a 1-yard TD. Duncan O'Mahony converted both B.C. touchdowns and added 3 field goals. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray completed 25 of 42 passes for 340 yards and touchdowns of 26 yards to Jason Tucker and 9 yards to Mookie Mitchell, both in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Tucker caught 7 passes for 135 yards. It was the first CFL game for Edmonton defensive back J.R. LaRose, who wore jersey #37 as a late addition to the roster.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
3 hours ago