250 years ago
Born on this date
Petros "Petrobey" Mavromichalis. Prime Minister of Greece, 1823. Mr. Mavromichalis was the leader of the Maniot people in the 19th century, and led revolts against the Ottoman Empire. He served as President of the Executive (Prime Minister) from May 10-December 31, 1823. Mr. Mavromichalis died on January 17, 1848 at the age of 82.
200 years ago
Died on this ago
James Bayard, 48. U.S. politician. Mr. Bayard, a Federalist, represented Delaware in the United States House of Representatives from 1797-1803 and in the Senate from 1804-1813. He died after developing an illness while returning from Europe.
190 years ago
Upper Peru gained its independence from Spain and became the autonomous republic of Bolivia.
125 years ago
Died on this date
William Kemmler, 30. U.S. criminal. Mr. Kemmler murdered Matilda "Tillie" Ziegler, his common-law wife, with a hatchet on March 29, 1889. He was executed at Auburn Prison in New York, becoming the first person ever executed in the electric chair. The execution was botched, and Mr. Kemmler took eight minutes to die, with several spectators becoming nauseous from the smell of burning flesh.
Cy Young pitched his first major league game and earned his first major league win, giving up just 3 hits in leading the Cleveland Spiders past the Chicago Colts 8-1 in the first game of a doubleheader at National League Park in Cleveland. The Colts won the second game 7-1.
Long John Reilly hit for the cycle for the third time in his major league career as the Cincinnati Reds whipped the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 16-3 at Redland Field in Cincinnati.
100 years ago
Allied forces mounted a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay in the Battle of Sari Bair in Turkey.
80 years ago
The Philadelphia Phillies sold shortstop Blondy Ryan to the New York Yankees. In 39 games with the Phillies in 1935, Mr. Ryan batted 264 with 1 home run and 10 runs batted in.
The Washington Nationals scored 5 runs in each of the first 2 innings as they routed the Philadelphia Athletics 11-2 at Griffith Stadium in Washington in a game that was played in 1 hour and 30 minutes. Bump Hadley pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitching matchup with "Bullfrog Bill" Dietrich, who also went the distance, allowing 14 hits and 11 runs--8 earned.
Dizzy Dean won his own game with a 3-run home run in the 10th inning as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the Cincinnati Reds 6-3 at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. Mr. Dean, the third Cardinal pitcher of the day, pitched 4 innings of relief to improve his 1935 record to 18-7.
75 years ago
The Italian drive into British Somaliland widened into a 300-mile front. The French colony of New Caldonia refused to accept the armistice with Germany.
Estonia was illegally annexed by the Soviet Union.
The National Inventors Council, formed to encourage inventions useful for U.S. national defense, held its first meeting in Washington.
Economics and finance
Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Rhodesia, and Nyasaland formed the East Africa Economic Council to coordinate economic policies for war purposes.
The U.S.A.-U.S.S.R. trade agreement was renewed for another year.
Oscar Wheeler, Communist Party candidate for Governor of West Virginia, was found guilty of fraudulent solicitation of funds for a Communist nominating petition.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Hiram Johnson, 78. U.S. politician. Mr. Johnson was Governor of California from 1911-1917 and represented that state in the United States Senate from 1917-1945. He was first elected as a Republican, but helped to found the Progressive Party in 1912, and ran that year as the party's U.S. vice presidential running mate to presidential candidate Theodore Roosevelt. Mr. Johnson ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 1920 but was unsuccessful, and turned down the offer to be Warren G. Harding's running mate. Mr. Johnson continued to sit in the Senate until his death; he was perhaps best known for his isolationist views, including strong opposition to the League of Nations.
Richard Bong, 24. U.S. military aviator. Major Bong was the highest scoring American air ace of World War II, shooting down more than 40 Japanese aircraft. He was awarded the Medal of Honor in December 1944. Major Bong was killed while test flying a Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star jet fighter in California; he ejected at too low an altitude for his parachute to open.
The U.S. Superfortress Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, instantly killing an estimated 78,150 people and destroying 60% of the city in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.
Politics and government
Argentine Interior Minister Dr. Hortensio Quijano reported the lifting of the state of siege that had been in effect since December 1941.
Former Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Alf Landon predicted that "left-wing New Dealers" would seek more power in the administration of President Harry Truman and possibly form a third party in 1948.
Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King disclosed plans for a full-scale postwar development program, which included a proposal that the provinces relinquish their taxes to the federal government for three years.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Les Baxter and his Orchestra; Perez Prado and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman (3rd week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (5th week at #1)
2 Ain't That a Shame--Pat Boone
3 Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra
4 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
5 Hard to Get--Gisele MacKenzie
6 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
7 Something's Gotta Give--The McGuire Sisters
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
8 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
9 It's a Sin to Tell a Lie--Somethin' Smith and the Redheads
10 Hummingbird--Les Paul and Mary Ford
Singles entering the chart were The Yellow Rose of Texas by Johnny Desmond (#15, charting with the version by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra); Seventeen by the Fontane Sisters (#16, charting with the version by Boyd Bennett and the Rockets); Wake the Town and Tell the People by Mindy Carson (#21, charting with the version by Les Baxter and his Orchestra); Song of the Dreamer by Johnnie Ray (#28, charting with the version by Eddie Fisher); The Bible Tells Me So by Nick Noble (#31, charting with the version by Don Cornell); Love is a Many-Splendored Thing (#38)/Shine on Harvest Moon (#45) by the Four Aces; Gum Drop by the Crew-Cuts (#42); and The Ace in the Hole by Somethin' Smith and the Redheads (#50). Love is a Many-Splendored Thing was the title song of the movie.
Calgary (1-1) 12 @ Ottawa (0-1) 11
50 years ago
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Help!--The Beatles
2 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
3 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits
4 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
5 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
6 Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas
7 Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me--Mel Carter
8 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
9 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
10 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
Pick hit of the week: Houston--Dean Martin
New this week: Take Me Back--David Clayton-Thomas and the Shays
Simple Gimpel--Horst Jankowski and his Orchestra
The Sounds of Summer--Steve Lawrence
Only Sixteen--Terry Black
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, which outlawed the poll taxes and literacy tests that had restricted black voter registration in the South.
The Vancouver Times published its last edition, 11 months after publishing its first edition in Vancouver, British Columbia as a third daily newspaper to compete with the Province and the Sun.
Ottawa (1-0) 17 @ Toronto (0-1) 14
Calgary (1-1) 18 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 20
Moe Racine's 14-yard field goal in the 3rd quarter was the difference as the Rough Riders edged the Argonauts before 28,041 fans at CNE Stadium. Ottawa quarterback Russ Jackson threw a 2-yard touchdown pass to Bo Scott and handed off to Rick Black for a 20-yard TD run.
Ron Lancaster threw 3 touchdown passes in the 2nd half to lead the Roughriders back from an 18-0 deficit to defeat the Stampeders before 16,000 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, giving Eagle Keys his first win as Saskatchewan's head coach. Saskatchewan halfback Ed Buchanan suffered a broken ankle, putting him out of action for the rest of the season.
40 years ago
U.S. President Gerald Ford and Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Miki concluded two days of talks in Washington by reaffirming mutual cooperation and security.
More than 2,300 U.S. scientists petitioned U.S. President Ford for a "drastic reduction" in the pace of building nuclear power plants.
Toronto (1-2) 16 @ Ottawa (2-1) 14
Edmonton (1-1) 16 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 17
Zenon Andrusyshyn's fifth field goal of the game, a 12-yard kick on the final play, gave the Argonauts their win over the Rough Riders before 31,023 fans at Lansdowne Park. Gerry Organ's 42-yard field goal had given Ottawa a 14-13 lead with 1:18 remaining, but Toronto quarterback Bill Bynum marched the Argonauts downfield, and the winning kick came after Ottawa defensive back Rod Woodward was called for pass interference against Toronto tight end Peter Muller at the Ottawa 6-yard line with 20 seconds remaining, drawing the wrath of the crowd. Mr. Andrusyshyn's earlier FGs were from 53, 51, 47, and 9 yards. The game's only touchdown came on a 30-yard pass from Ottawa quarterback Condredge Holloway to Moody Jackson with 35 seconds left in the 3rd quarter. Toronto's Doyle Orange led all rushers with 17 carries for 90 yards. The win was the first as a head coach for former Rough Rider quarterbacking great Russ Jackson. Ottawa linebacker Wayne Giardino suffered a broken wrist, ending his 9-year CFL career.
Dieter Brock threw a 19-yard touchdown pass to Tom Scott in the 3rd quarter and then connected with him for a 13-yard TD with 31 seconds remaining in the game, and Bob Macoritti's convert gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Eskimos before 25,026 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The Eskimos led 16-10 when Dick Dupuis intercepted one of Mr. Brock's passes at the Winnipeg 23-yard line with 4:45 remaining in the game, but the Eskimos took two consectutive holding penalties, and Dave Cutler was short on a field goal attempt into a strong wind. Penalties for no-yards and face-masking against the Eskimos enabled the Blue Bombers to move into position for the final touchdown. Quarterback Tom Wilkinson scored the only Edmonton touchdown on a 7-yard rush with 17 seconds remaining in the 3rd quarter, set up by his 61-yard pass completion to Don Warrington. Calvin Harrell led the Edmonton rushing attack with 79 yards on 17 carries, while Roy Bell rushed 15 times for 71 yards. Steve Beaird led the Blue Bomers with 12 carries for 61 yards. It was the only CFL game for backup running back Sean Sullivan (#33) and defensive lineman Brian Jones (#57), who were added to the Edmonton roster to fill temporary vacancies. It was the third and final game for Mr. Macoritti in a Winnipeg uniform; he retired three days later to return to Hamilton to pursue a career in education. At the time of his retirement, Mr. Macoritti was tied for second place in the Western Football Conference with 20 points. He resumed his football career a year later after his rights had been obtained by the Saskatchewan Roughriders.
The New York Yankees released pitcher Bob Johnson. Mr. Johnson had been signed by the Yankees after being released by the Texas Rangers on March 26, 1975. He spent the 1975 season with the Syracuse Chiefs of the AAA International League, posting a record of 3-3 with 1 save and an earned run average of 5.21 in 25 games.
Don Baylor batted 2 for 3 with a run and followed that by going 4 for 4 with a double, triple, 2 runs, a run batted in, and 3 stolen bases as the Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers 4-2 and 8-2 before 15,500 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mike Torrez and Ross Grimsley were the respective winning pitchers.
Rico Carty's 3-run home run in the bottom of the 6th inning was the deciding blow as the Cleveland Indians defeated the New York Yankees 5-3 before 12,343 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.
The Boston Red Sox scored a run in the 8th inning and 4 in the 9th to defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 5-2 before 16,556 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Jim Willoughby, who relieved starter Jim Burton in the 4th inning, allowed 2 hits and no runs in 5 1/3 innings, striking out 6 batters in getting the win.
Bill Melton broke a 2-for-28 slump by batting 3 for 4 with a home run, double, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in to lead the Chicago White Sox to an 11-1 win over the California Angels before 9,178 fans at White Sox Park. Jim Kaat pitched a 5-hit complete game to improve his 1975 record to 16-7.
The Kansas City Royals overcame an early 3-0 deficit with 4 runs in the 4th inning to defeat the Minnesota Twins 4-3 before 17,211 fans at Royals Stadium. The Royals scored all their runs with 2 out, with Tony Solaita's 3-run home run the big blow. Steve Busby pitched a 10-hit complete game and allowed 3 earned runs in winning the pitchers' duel over Bert Blyleven, who also pitched a complete game, allowing just 5 hits.
Dave Moates singled in 2 runs and drove in another with a sacrifice fly as the Texas Rangers beat the Oakland Athletics 5-2 before 17,909 fans at Arlington Stadium. Gaylord Perry pitched a 7-hit complete game victory.
The New York Mets took advantage of 2 errors to score 7 unearned runs in the 6th inning as they hung on to defeat the Montreal Expos 9-6 before 9,001 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC, a game that was called because of rain with none out in the top of the 9th inning and the Expos in the midst of a rally, with the bases loaded . Wayne Garrett hit a home run for the Mets and drove in 3 runs, and Del Unser doubled and also drove in 3 runs. The game was the first for Roy McMillan as manager of the Mets, replacing the fired Yogi Berra.
Buddy Bradford replaced an ailing Bake McBride early in the game and drove in 2 runs with a home run and a single to help the St. Louis Cardinals defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-2 before 23,985 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.
The Cincinnati Reds amassed 20 hits--9 for extra bases--as they defeated the San Francisco Giants 12-5 before 14,389 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
The San Diego Padres scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and coasted to a 6-1 win over the Houston Astros before 16,661 fans at San Diego Stadium in a game that was played in 1 hour and 37 minutes. Randy Jones pitched a 2-hitter to improve his 1975 record to 15-6, winning the pitchers' duel over Larry Dierker, who also pitched a complete game, allowing 9 hits and 4 earned runs. Jesus de la Rosa grounded out as a pinch hitter for Houston in the 9th inning in his third and last major league game, four days after his first game. In 3 games, all as a pinch hitter, Mr. de la Rosa batted .333 (1 for 3) with a double and a run scored.
Pinch hitter Dave May singled home Ed Goodson with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to climax a 2-run rally as the Atlanta Braves came from behind to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-4 before 23,779 fans at Dodger Stadium. Losing pitcher Andy Messersmith pitched a complete game, allowing 9 hits and 5 earned runs.
The Toledo Mud Hens and Richmond Braves split an International League doubleheader at Lucas County Stadium in Toledo. Wayne Simpson pitched a 2-hit shutout as Toledo won the first game 7-0; Richmond scored 3 runs in the top of the 13th inning to win the second game 4-1. Pablo Torrealba pitched 9 scoreless innings of relief to get the win.
Chip Lang and Bill Atkinson combined for a 5-hitter and received home run help from Ellis Valentine as the Memphis Blues defeated the Syracuse Chiefs 3-1 in an International League game.
The Wichita Aeros swept an American Association doubleheader from the Indianapolis Indians 1-0 and 7-2. Willie Prall pitched a 3-hitter and Ron Matney singled in Rich Oliver in the 3rd inning for the only run in the first game. Jim Kremmel pitched a 7-hitter to win the second game, with Mr. Oliver hitting a 3-run double and Joe Wallis adding a home run. Mr. Wallis's homer was his first in AAA competition; he had just been promoted from the Midland Cubs of the AA Texas League.
The Evansville Triplets swept an American Association doubleheader from the Oklahoma City 89ers 3-2 and 5-2. Chip Swanson and Ike Brookens combined for a 7-hitter to win the first game, while Mark Fidrych and Steve Grilli combined to pitch a 3-hitter in the second game. For Mr. Fidrych, the game was his first at the AAA level after being called up from the Montgomery Rebels of the AA Southern League.
30 years ago
Died on this date
Forbes Burnham, 62. Prime Minister of Guyana, 1964-1980; 2nd President of Guyana, 1980-1985. Mr. Burnham was a member of the People's Progressive Party from 1950-1958 and the People's National Congress from 1958-1985. He was Prime Minister when British Guiana gained her independence and became the nation of Guyana in 1966, and became President when the constitution was changed in 1980. Mr. Burnham died after undergoing throat surgery.
The Major League Baseball Players Association staged its second strike in five years, but this one ended the next day. The minimum salary was raised to $60,000 as part of the settlement.
25 years ago
The United Nations Security Council ordered a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
Politics and government
Pakistani President Ghulam Ishaq Khan removed Benazir Bhutto as Prime Minister, replaced her with Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi as interim Prime Minister, and declared a state of emergency. Mr. Khan said that the state of corruption in Mrs. Bhutto’s government had been widespread, and the press reported a number of allegations. Mrs. Bhutto called her removal illegal and unconstitutional.
Talks began in South Africa between the South African government and the African National Congress.
20 years ago
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wish You were Here--Rednex (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Wish You were Here--Rednex (4th week at #1)
Police in Colombia captured Miguel Rodriguez Orejuela, reputed co-leader of the Cali drug cartel; he was specifically charged with shipping cocaine to Costa Rica. Mr. Rodriguez was the sixth of seven leaders of the cartel to have been arrested since June.
Politics and government
U.S. Representative Billy Tauzin (Louisiana) announced that he was switching from the Democratic to the Republican Party, giving the Republicans 233 members to 201 Democrats, with 1 independent. Mr. Tauzin supported private property rights and was an opponent of environmental regulation.
Baltimore (5-2) 15 @ Calgary (6-0) 29
Doug Flutie passed to Tony Stewart for one touchdown and rushed for another of his own, and Mark McLoughlin added 2 converts and 5 field goals as the Stampeders defeated the Stallions before 24,463 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mike Pringle rushed 3 yards for the only Baltimore touchdown, which was set up by a 48-yard interception return by Charles Anthony.
10 years ago
Ottawa (4-3) 28 @ Hamilton (0-6) 12
Winnipeg (1-6) 21 @ Calgary (3-3) 30
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
2 days ago