750 years ago
The army of Prince Edward (the future king Edward I of England) defeated the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, killing Mr. de Montfort and many of his allies in the Battle of Evesham in the Second Barons' War.
225 years ago
A newly passed tariff act created the United States Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
125 years ago
Born on this date
Dolf Luque. Cuban baseball pitcher and manager. Mr. Luque played with the Boston Braves (1914-1915); Cincinnati Reds (1918-1929); Brooklyn Robins (1930-1931); and New York Giants (1932-1935), compiling a record of 194-179 with an earned run average of 3.24 in 550 games. He led the National League with 23 losses in 1922, but came back in 1923 to post a 27-8 record, leading the NL in wins; winning percentage (.771); earned run average (1.93); and shutouts (6). Mr. Luque was a member of World Series championship teams in 1919 and 1933, and was the winning pitcher in relief in the fifth and final game of the 1933 World Series. Mr. Luque pitched and managed in the Cuban League, compiling a pitching record of 106-71 and leading his teams to seven pennants. He was inducted into the Cuban Baseball Hall of Fame in 1957 and the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1967. Mr. Luque died on July 3, 1957 at the age of 66.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Warren Avis. U.S. businessman. Mr. Avis founded Avis Rent a Car System in 1946, and sold the company in 1954 for $8 million. He died on April 24, 2007 at the age of 91.
The German 12th Army occupied Warsaw during the Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive and the Great Retreat of 1915.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Ze'ev Jabotinsky, 59. Russian-born U.K. Zionist activist. Mr. Jabotinsky, born Vladimir Yevgenyevich Zhabotinsky, co-founded the Zion Mule Corps in Egypt during World War I, and moved to England, where his efforts resulted in the creation of the Jewish Legion. In the 1920s, Mr. Jabotinsky became the key figure in a movement known as Revisionist Zionism and began advocating for a liberal, democratic Jewish state on both banks of the Jordan River. He supported moving Arab populations if necessary to accomodate the influx of Jews, but he didn't want Arabs ejected from Palestine, and supported the rights of minorities in the proposed Jewish state. While visiting South Africa in 1930, the British Colonial Office informed Mr. Jabotinsky that he would not be allowed to return to Palestine. During the 1930s he warned of increasing violence against Jews in Europe. When the British government enacted the McDonald White Paper, restricting Jewish immigration to Palestine under the British Mandate for the next five years, Mr. Jabotinsky protested by supporting an armed Jewish revolt in Palestine, involving the Irgun terrorist organization. He died of a heart attack in New York City while attempting to raise financial support for a Jewish army. Although he didn't live to see the establishment of the state of Israel, Mr. Jabotinsky played a key role in events that led to the nation's founding. The Likud party--the party of current Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyhu--can trace its history back to the activities of Mr. Jabotinsky.
The Vichy French regime asserted, and the United Kingdom denied, the landing of British troops in Madagascar and the Cameroons to incite insurrection. In a nationwide radio address, U.S. Army General John J. Pershing warned that unless Britain received immediate aid, the U.S. would soon be involved in the European war. Famed aviator Colonel Charles Lindbergh said that "if we desire to keep America out of war, we must take a lead in offering a plan of peace."
The United Kingdom announced that it would deport the two Japanese aliens seized the previous day.
Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie announced that he had obtained the support of more Democrats who were opposed to a third term as President for Franklin D. Roosevelt. The latest pro-Willkie Democrats included Stephen Pinckney; Elizabeth Howry; Eubank Tucker; and golfer Bobby Jones. At their convention in St. Louis, United Auto Workers delegates passed a resolution endorsing Mr. Roosevelt for a third term.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers (2nd week at #1)
U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur announced the extension of his Army military command to the Ryukyu Islands.
At the treason trial in Paris of former French Prime Minister marshal Philippe Petain, former Vichy French leader Pierre Laval claimed that at the time of the Allied landing in North Africa, Marshal Petain had secretly instructed French commanders to aid the invaders.
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill approving U.S. membership in the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the Bretton Woods legislation, making the United States the first country to do so. He also signed a bill authorizing an increase in the Export-Import Bank's lending capability to $3.5 billion, and approved the Reconversion Tax Bill raising excess-profits tax exemptions.
Politics and government
The Communist Party U.S.A. warned deposed leader Earl Browder that until he publicly accepted the national convention's decisions his "future work" with the party would not be discussed.
The U.S. Solid Fuels Administration reported 14 more wildcat coal mine strikes and said that coal losses due to strikes since April 1, 1945 totalled 12,445,920 tons.
Byron Nelson completed a record 11-tournament victory streak on the P.G.A. Tour by beating Ed Furgol by 4 strokes in the Canadian Open at Thornhill Country Club near Toronto. Mr. Nelson's average round during the course of his epic run was 67.86 strokes. He bought a Texas ranch with his winnings and retired to it the following year at age 34.
The Boston Red Sox and Washington Nationals split a doubleheader before 13,035 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Wally Holborow pitched a 2-hitter in his only major league start and earned his first major league win as the Nationals won the first game 4-0. Vic Johnson started on the mound for Boston but was pulled after allowing 3 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 3 runs--2 earned--in 1+ innings. The Red Sox won the second game 15-2, scoring 12 runs in the 4th inning. Joe Cleary made his only major league appearance for Washington when he relieved starting pitcher Sandy Ullrich with 1 out and a runner on third base, and 4 runs already in. Mr. Cleary managed to get a strikeout, but also allowed 5 hits, 3 walks, and 7 runs--all earned--and made a wild pitch. Washington manager Ossie Bluege refused to come to the mound to take Mr. Cleary out of the game, but stood on the dugout step and waved him in. Mr. Cleary finally went to the dugout, and nearly came to blows with his manager. Mr. Cleary was replaced on the mound by Bert Shepard, also making his only major league appearance. Mr. Shepard had lost his lower right leg fighting in World War II in 1944, and had been coaching with the Nationals in 1945. He struck out George Metkovich to end the 4th inning and allowed just 3 hits, 1 base on balls, and 1 earned run in 5 1/3 innings, striking out 2, and making a wild pitch. He also came to bat 4 times, drawing a base on balls and then going 0 for 3. Mr. Cleary was sent to the Buffalo Bisons of the International League the next day, and never returned to the majors. Boston third baseman Ty LaForest played his first 2 major league games. He batted 1 for 4 in the first game and made 5 assists, and was 2 for 4 in the second game with a double, 3 runs, 2 runs batted in, 2 bases on balls, a stolen base, a putout, and 2 assists.
60 years ago
Montreal Alouettes' intrasquad game
White 23 Red 17
13,000 fans were at Molson Stadium to see the Whites, led by Tex Coulter, defeat the Reds, led by Sam Etcheverry.
50 years ago
At the movies
The Third Day, starring George Peppard and Elizabeth Ashley, opened in theatres.
Politics and government
The Constitution of Cook Islands came into force, giving the Cook Islands self-governing status within New Zealand.
British Columbia (0-1) 21 @ Winnipeg (2-0) 23
Leo Lewis rushed 7 times for 34 yards and caught 3 passes for 51 yards, and it was his 7-yard touchdown run at 2:11 of the 4th quarter that provided the margin of victory as the Blue Bombers held on to edge the defending Grey Cup champion Lions before 17,980 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Kenny Ploen passed 13 yards to Billy Cooper for the first Winnipeg touchdown in the 1st quarter. Barrie Hansen scored the other Winnipeg touchdown with 2:13 remaining in the 2nd quarter when Dick Thornton blocked a Neal Beaumont punt, and Mr. Hansen recovered in the B.C. end zone. Jackie Simpson, in his first game handling the Winnipeg kicking duties, kicked 2 converts and a 16-yard field goal. The Lions opened the scoring on a 57-yard touchdown pass from Joe Kapp to Willie Fleming 4:06 into the game, converted by Peter Kempf. The Blue Bombers then scored 23 straight points until the Lions rallied for 2 touchdowns in the last 2 minutes. Mr. Kapp completed a 15-yard TD pass to Ron Morris, converted by Mr. Kempf with 1:59 remaining. Mr. Kempf's short kickoff was recovered by teammate Bill Lasseter at the Winnipeg 37-yard line, and Mr. Kapp connected with Mr. Fleming for a 12-yard touchdown, converted by Mr. Kempf with 5 seconds left. Mr. Kempf's kickoff was recovered by Winnipeg's Norm Rauhaus at the Winnipeg 45-yard line, and he returned it 5 yards to end the game. Mr. Fleming led the Lions with 70 yards rushing on 6 carries and 5 pass receptions for 125 yards. His backfield mate Amos Bullocks rushed 6 times for 34 yards, caught 1 pass for 1 yard, and returned 2 kickoffs for 40 yards in his first CFL game. Mr. Cooper's touchdown was set up by a 20-yard pass from Mr. Ploen to Cloyd Webb; it was Mr. Webb's only reception, in his only game in a Winnipeg uniform. Other players making their CFL debuts with the Lions were defensive back Ernie Allen and defensive end and guard Roy Shatzko.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Fox on the Run--Sweet
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kokoro Nokori--Takashi Hosokawa (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (7th week at #1)
The Communist terrorist organization Japanese Red Army took more than 50 hostages at the AIA (American Insurance Associates) Building, housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages included U.S. consul Robert Stebbins and Swedish Chargé d'affaires. The gunmen won the release of five imprisoned comrades and flew with them to Libya.
The St. Louis Cardinals claimed pitcher Harry Parker from the New York Mets on waivers. In 18 games with the Mets in 1975, Mr. Parker had a record of 2-3 with an earned run average of 4.41.
The Montreal Expos broke up Randy Tate's no-hitter and shutout in the 8th inning, scoring 4 runs to overcome a 3-0 deficit to defeat the New York Mets 4-3 before 10,720 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Pinch hitter Jim Lyttle singled with 1 out in the top of the 8th inning to break up the no-hitter; after a walk to Pepe Mangual, Jim Dwyer struck out, but Gary Carter singled home Mr. Lyttle, and Mike Jorgensen followed with a 3-run home run. It was probably the best game of Mr. Tate's brief major league career: he pitched 8 innings, allowing 3 hits and 4 earned runs, walking 5 batters and striking out 13. He also reached base on a fielder's choice in the 5th inning and scored his second and last major league run.
Jose Cardenal hit a home run against Tom Hilgendorf leading off the 6th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 3-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 16,285 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Steve Stone allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 innings to get the win, while Paul Reuschel pitched 3 scoreless innings to earn his first major league save.
Willie Davis singled home Bake McBride in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 4-4 tie and give the St. Louis Cardinals a 5-4 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 28,097 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis on the Monday Night Baseball telecast on NBC. Pittsburgh second baseman Rennie Stennett had 4 singles in 5 at bats and scored 2 runs. Winning pitcher John Curtis allowed 9 hits and 4 runs--3 earned--in 8 innings; Al Hrabosky pitched the 9th inning and got his 15th save of the season. Losing pitcher Jerry Reuss pitched a complete game despite allowing 14 hits and 5 earned runs.
George Foster hit a grand slam in the top of the 8th inning and the Cincinnati Reds added 2 runs in the 9th as they defeated the San Francisco Giants 7-5 before 13,561 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
Dave Lopes batted 3 for 5 with a home run and 2 stolen bases as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Atlanta Braves 9-1 before 25,036 fans at Dodger Stadium, pushing Los Angeles home attendance over 2 million for 1975. Willie Crawford and Bill Buckner also homered for the Dodgers. Burt Hooton gave up a home run to Darrell Evans in the 1st inning, but settled down to pitch an 8-hit complete game victory.
The Houston Astros scored 3 runs in the top of the 7th inning to beat the San Diego Padres 5-3 before 15,000 fans at San Diego Stadium, pushing San Diego home attendance over 1 million for 1975.
The Baltimore Orioles trailed 6-1 after 3 innings, but came back to beat the Boston Red Sox 12-8 before 35,868 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Baltimore left fielder Don Baylor batted 5 for 5 with a home run, 4 runs, and 3 runs batted in. Bobby Grich, Brooks Robinson, and Ken Singleton also homered for the Orioles. Boston left fielder Jim Rice batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 runs, and 3 RBIs, while third baseman Rico Petrocelli was 4 for 5 with a run.
Charlie Spikes batted 4 for 5 with a home run and 4 runs batted in as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Detroit Tigers 6-4 before 11,240 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Dennis Eckersley allowed 6 hits and 3 runs--all earned-- in 5 1/3 innings to get the win over Mickey Lolich, who pitched a complete game, allowing 12 hits and 6 earned runs. Detroit leadoff batter and center fielder Art James was 2 for 5 with a double, run, and RBI in his 11th and last major league game.
Thurman Munson singled home Fred Stanley to break a 1-1 tie in the top of the 8th inning and give the New York Yankees a 2-1 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 13,544 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Rudy May pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Bill Travers, who also went the distance, allowing 9 hits.
Brian Downing tripled in 2 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning and Bucky Dent batted 3 for 3 with a run and a run batted in as the Chicago White Sox defeated the California Angels 4-2 before 5,400 fans at White Sox Park. Wilbur Wood allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 6+ innings to get his sixth straight win, while Goose Gossage pitched 3 scoreless innings to get his 16th save of the season.
Fred Patek singled home Al Cowens with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Kansas City Royals a 6-5 win over the Minnesota Twins before 12,195 fans at Royals Stadium.
Despite suffering from stomach cramps, Ferguson Jenkins pitched a 6-hit shutout as the Texas Rangers routed the Oakland Athletics 12-0 before 14,668 fans at Arlington Stadium. Texas shortstop Toby Harrah batted 3 for 4 with a double, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in, while Lenny Randle was 2 for 2 with 2 bases on balls, 4 runs, an RBI, and a stolen base.
Bob Moose, on injury rehabilitation assignment from the parent Pittsburgh Pirates, allowed just 2 hits and no runs through the first 7 innings, throwing just 78 pitches and allowing 7 hits and 2 runs in 8 1/3 innings to get the win as the Charleston Charlies defeated the Rochester Red Wings 3-2 in an International League game at Silver Stadium in Rochester. Jim Minshall got the last 2 outs to pick up the save. Omar Moreno hit a home run for the Charlies, who scored all their runs in the first 2 innings.
The Hawaii Islanders scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Tacoma Twins 12-7 in a Pacific Coast League game at Cheney Stadium in Tacoma. Tacoma relief pitcher Tom Norton walked in the go-ahead run in the 9th, and Gus Gil added a 2-run single. Veteran reliever Chuck Hartenstein was the winning pitcher. Joe Goddard hit a home run for Hawaii, while Danny Walton homered for Tacoma.
First Round (Game 1 in all series)
Mexico City Reds 4 @ Puebla 10
Union Laguna 0 @ Tampico 7
Jalisco 0 @ Cordoba 2
Monterrey 0 @ Saltillo 1
The Pericos gave up 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning but scored 4 in the bottom of the inning and 4 more in the 2nd inning as they beat the Reds. Cy Acosta pitched 5 scoreless innings of relief to get the win, while losing pitcher Alfred Ortiz didn't make it through the 1st inning.
Joe Pactwa pitched a 4-hit shutout and Lorenzo Lopez hit a grand slam off losing pitcher Antonio Pollarena as the Dockworkers blanked the Cottongrowers.
Juan Pizarro pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jeff Holly as the Coffeegrowers blanked the Charros. Both Cordoba runs were scored in the 6th inning.
Larry Volkening pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Miguel Solis, who pitched a 6-hitter and allowed only an unearned run, which scored in the 4th inning when Ruben Saldana reached first base on an error, Graciano Enriquez drew a base on balls, and Jose Del Moral singled home Mr. Saldana.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): 19--Paul Hardcastle (5th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Live is Life--Opus (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)--Tina Turner
Tom Seaver, pitching for the Chicago White Sox, won the 300th game of his major league career by beating the New York Yankees 4-1 before 54,032 fans at Yankee Stadium. At roughly the same time, Rod Carew of the California Angels collected his 3,000th career hit with a single in the 3rd inning off Frank Viola of the Minnesota Twins before 41,630 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The Angels won 6-5.
Bill Buckner doubled in 2 runs and scored a third in the top of the 12th inning as the Boston Red Sox withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the inning to defeat the Kansas City Royals 6-5 before 31,020 fans at Royals Stadium.
Dwight Gooden won his 11th straight decision to improve his 1985 record to 17-3 and started a 3-run 3rd inning with a double as the New York Mets beat the Chicago Cubs 4-1 before 35,207 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
The Philadelphia Phillies scored all their runs in the top of the 8th inning as they beat the St. Louis Cardinals 6-0 before 46,674 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis, with Kevin Gross pitching a 4-hit shutout.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Jōnetsu no bara--The Blue Hearts
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (13th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Infinity--Guru Josh (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killer--Adamski & Seal
#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine (7th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Turtle Power--Partners in Kryme (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Vision of Love--Mariah Carey
U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 She Ain’t Worth It--Glenn Medeiros, featuring Bobby Brown (2nd week at #1)
2 Vision of Love--Mariah Carey
3 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
4 Rub You the Right Way--Johnny Gill
5 The Power--Snap!
6 Hold On--En Vogue
7 Girls Nite Out--Tyler Collins
8 Hanky Panky--Madonna
9 King of Wishful Thinking--Go West
10 If Wishes Came True--Sweet Sensation
Singles entering the chart were Thieves in the Temple by Prince (#50); La Raza by Kid Frost (#55); Something Happened on the Way to Heaven by Phil Collins (#57); Heart of Stone by Taylor Dayne (#61); Tell Me Something by Indecent Obsession (#71); and Can't Stop by After 7 (#76).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
2 When I'm Back on My Feet Again--Michael Bolton
3 Across the River--Bruce Hornsby
4 Step by Step--New Kids on the Block
5 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
6 She Ain't Pretty--Northern Pikes
7 The Emperor's New Clothes--Sinead O'Connor
8 Every Little Thing--Jeff Lynne
9 King of Wishful Thinking--Go West
10 Vision of Love--Mariah Carey
Singles entering the chart were Oh Girl by Paul Young (#50); 'Til the Fever Breaks by the Jitters (#73); The Right Combination by Seiko with Donnie Wahlberg (#80); Sea Cruise by Dion (#83); Baby You're Mine by Basic (#88); Knockin' on Heaven's Door by Guns N' Roses (#89); and Have You Seen Her by MC Hammer (#91). Sea Cruise was from the movie The Adventures of Ford Fairlane (1990). Knockin' on Heaven's Door was from the movie Days of Thunder (1990).
Prince Johnson, leder of a rebel faction in Liberia attempting to depose President Samuel Doe, announced that he would begin to round up foreigners.
Ottawa (1-3) 26 @ Toronto (2-2) 30
Lance Chomyc kicked 5 field goals, 2 converts and a single as the Argos made 4 interceptions and 4 sacks before an announced SkyDome crowd of 28,333. John Congemi, who started at quarterback for the Argos, rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and handed off to Mike Clemons for a 5-yard score. Ottawa quarterback Damon Allen threw touchdown passes to Stephen Jones and Dan Johnston, and received credit for another when a completed pass to a Rough Rider was fumbled and recovered for an Ottawa touchdown by David Williams. Mr. Congemi left the game late in the 3rd quarter when he was hit by Bruce Holmes, and was replaced by Tom Porras. Mr. Jones led all receivers with 8 receptions for 148 yards.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wish You were Here--Rednex (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Det vackraste--Cecilia Vennersten
Operation Storm began in Croatia, with Croatian government forces attacking the Krajina region, which had been populated largely by Serbs for almost 500 years.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had increased in July from 5.6%-5.7%.
Saskatchewan (1-5) 31 @ Ottawa (1-5) 20
Warren Jones threw touchdown passes of 5 yards to Don Narcisse and 68 yards to Darren Joseph, and Dave Ridgway added 2 converts and 5 field goals as the Roughriders beat the Rough Riders before 20,830 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Ottawa quarterback Shawn Moore rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and handed off to Jermaine Chaney for a 3-yard TD rush.
10 years ago
Politics and government
Prime Minister Paul Martin announced that Michaëlle Jean would be Canada's 27th Governor General.
A mini-submarine carrying seven Russians became caught on an underwater antenna 600 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean; the men were rescued three days later with help from a British vessel.
Saskatchewan (3-4) 13 @ Montreal (3-3) 42
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
18 hours ago