Sunday, 2 August 2015

August 2, 2015

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Gary Merrill
. U.S. actor. Mr. Merrill was known for supporting roles in movies such as Twelve O'Clock High (1949) and All About Eve (1950), and for appearances in numerous television programs. He was married to actress Bette Davis from 1950-1960. Mr. Merrill died on March 5, 1990 at the age of 74.

90 years ago
1925


At the movies
Sally of the Sawdust, directed by D.W. Griffith and starring W.C. Fields, opened in theatres.

75 years ago
1940


War
Montreal Mayor Camillien Houde attacked national registration for home defence and advised Quebec men not to take part in the registration. German Reichsminister Hermann Goering ordered the Luftwaffe to destroy U.K. Royal Air Force fighter defenses in southern England within four days. General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the French forces fighting with the Allies, was sentenced to death by a French military court in Clermont-Ferrand. The U.S. cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed in principle to provide destroyers to Britain if Republican support could be obtained in Congress.

Diplomacy
Japan protested the U.S. ban on the sale of aviation fuel outside the Western Hemisphere, and cancelled shipping permits on the Yangtze River in China on the grounds that U.S. military goods were reaching Chungking via the river.

John L. Zurbrick, a U.S. immigration official in Detroit, ordered an investigation into a possible "underground railroad" from Canada aiding European aliens to enter the United States.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt endorsed a compulsory selective service act as vital to the nation's defense. The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee approved deductions from the taxable income of industry for construction of defense plants.

Chilean plans to purchase military planes from the United States were revealed.

Baseball
Joe Cronin hit for the cycle and Dom DiMaggio and Jimmie Foxx added home runs as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Detroit Tigers 12-9 before 8,693 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Boston third baseman Marv Owen batted 0 for 4 with a run batted in, and made 2 putouts and 3 assists in the final game of his 9-year major league career.

The Boston Bees scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and went on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 10-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 4,069 fans at National League Park in Boston. Chet Ross singled home Johnny Cooney with 1 out and the bases loaded in the 12th inning to give the Bees a 4-3 win in the second game. Cincinnati catcher Willard Hershberger sat out the first game but played the second game, batting 0 for 5 with a base on balls in what turned out to be his last game.

11,956 were in attendance at a Texas League game in San Antonio as the hometown Missions beat the Tulsa Oilers 7-3. The attraction was Dizzy Dean, pitching for the Oilers, a farm team of the Chicago Cubs. The Missions rocked Mr. Dean for 10 hits and 5 runs in 5 innings. Bob Muncrief was the winning pitcher.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Pietro Mascagni, 81
. Italian composer. Mr. Mascagni was best known for his opera Cavalleria Rusticana (1890).

War
About 800 U.S. planes bombed the Japanese cities of Hachioji, Toyama, Nagaoka, and Mito, and the petroleum installations at Kawasaki in the greatest single bombing effort in history.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman, U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin, and U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee ended the Potsdam Conference with a declaration praising the summit as an important step toward "the creation of a just and lasting peace." The declaration also included measures such as the creation of a Council of Foreign Ministers of the major Allied powers to conclude peace treaties with former Axis countries; the destruction of Nazism and reconstruction of German life "on a demcoratic and peaceful basis; and international trials of major European war criminals.

Arab leaders cabled British Prime Minister Attlee that any solution to the Palestine problem that was unacceptable to the Arabs would threaten Middle East peace.

World events
The government of Ecuador suppressed an army revolt at Loja and imprisoned two leaders.

Guatemala reported that the volcano Fuego was erupting for the first time since 1932.

Labour
U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) asked Labor Secretary Lewis Schwellenbach to call a labour-industry-government conference to work toward industrial peace in the postwar period.

60 years ago
1955


Died on this date
Wallace Stevens, 75
. U.S. poet. Mr. Stevens was an insurance executive who wrote much of his poetry after the age of 50. He was awarded the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Collected Poems (1954).

Pit Lépine, 54. Canadian hockey player. Alfred Lépine was a centre with the Montreal Canadiens from 1925-1938, scoring 241 points on 143 goals and 98 assists in 526 regular season games and 7 goals and 5 assists in 41 playoff games. He scored 5 goals in one game on December 14, 1929, and was a member of the Canadiens' Stanley Cup championship teams in 1929-30 and 1930-31. Mr. Lépine coached the Canadiens in 1939-40, but the team finished 7th and last in the National Hockey League with a record of 10-33-5, and he was fired and replaced by Dick Irvin. Mr. Lépine died three days after his 54th birthday, after a series of strokes.

Football
WIFU
Jack Jacobs announced his retirement as quarterback of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, and accepted the offer to become the team's chief scout. "Indian Jack" played with the Blue Bombers from 1950-1954 and guided them to Western championships in 1950 and 1953.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Help!--The Beatles

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
2 Set Me Free--The Kinks
3 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
4 Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me--Mel Carter
5 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls
6 Where are You Now--Jackie Trent
7 I Want Candy--The Strangeloves
8 Here Comes the Night--Them
9 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
10 To Know You is to Love You--Peter and Gordon

Singles entering the chart were Colours by Donovan (#32); Canadian Sunset by Sounds Orchestral (#33); Looking Through the Eyes of Love by Gene Pitney (#34); Like a Rolling Stone by Bob Dylan (#35); I'm a Fool to Care by Ray Charles (#36); Let the Water Run Down by P.J. Proby; California Girls by the Beach Boys (#38); You're My Baby (And Don't You Forget It) by the Vacels (#39); and It's the Same Old Song by the Four Tops (#40).

Disasters
Thousands of British campers in the south of France were forced to flee because of forest fires.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (0-1) 8 @ Calgary (1-0) 37

Eagle Day threw 4 touchdown passes to lead the Stampeders over the Roughriders before 18,250 fans at McMahon Stadium. One of Mr. Day's TD passes was for 91 yards to former world record-setting sprinter Frank Budd, playing his first CFL game. Many of the fans left in the 4th quarter when a thunderstorm struck. Other players making their CFL debuts included Saskatchewan guard Jack Abendschan and linebacker Wally Dempsey, and Calgary defensive back Dick Dupuis.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Buonasera dottore--Claudia Mori

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): The Elephant Song--Kamahl

#1 single in the U.K.: Give a Little Love--Bay City Rollers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One of These Nights--The Eagles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
2 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
3 One of These Nights--The Eagles
4 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
5 Someone Saved My Life Tonight--Elton John
6 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
7 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
8 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
9 Why Can't We Be Friends?--War
10 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings

Singles entering the chart were Solitaire by the Carpenters (#70); Run Joey Run by David Geddes (#75); Games People Play by the Spinners (#81); Rock & Roll Runaway by Ace (#83); Inside My Love by Minnie Riperton (#85); I Believe I'm Gonna Love You by Frank Sinatra (#86); Your Love by Graham Central Station (#88); Turn Back the Pages by Stephen Stills (#89); Alvin Stone (The Birth and Death of a Gangster) by the Fantastic Four (#94); It Doesn't Matter Anymore by Linda Ronstadt (#97); The Seeker by Dolly Parton (#98); Clap Your Hands by the Manhattan Transfer (#99); and (All I Have to Do Is) Dream by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony (2nd week at #1)
2 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
3 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
4 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
5 Magic--Pilot
6 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
7 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
8 Dynomite--Tony Camillos
9 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
10 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Quick Change Artist by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#84); New Orleans by the Stampeders (#89); No Way to Treat a Lady by Charity Brown (#96); Forever Came Today by the Jackson 5 (#97); Tush by ZZ Top (#98); Louie Louie by Goddo (#99); and Fight the Power by the Isley Brothers (#100).

Personal
This blogger and his parents visited the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum in Independence, Missouri. We also drove past his former residence, where his widow Bess still lived.

Diplomacy
Poland agreed to let ethnic Germans in Poland emigrate to West Germany.

Football
NFL
The Professional Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio inducted players Roosevelt Brown; George Connor; Dante Lavelli; and Lenny Moore.

Pre-season
Hall of Fame Game @ Canton, Ohio
Washington (1-0) 17 Cincinnati (0-1) 9

WFL
Chicago (0-1) 0 @ Birmingham (1-0) 10
Jacksonville (0-1) 26 @ Memphis (1-0) 27
Hawaii (0-1) 15 @ Philadelphia (1-0) 21
Shreveport (0-1) 3 @ San Antonio (2-0) 19
Portland (0-1) 15 @ Southern California (1-0) 21

Baseball
Billy Williams batted 3 for 4 with a home run and 2 runs batted in as the Oakland Athletics edged the Kansas City Royals 6-5 before 39,333 fans at Royals Stadium, including this blogger and his parents. Mr. Williams homered to lead off the 5th inning and singled home Claudell Washington to break a 5-5 tie in the 8th. My father was fond of saying "this guy's going to hit a home run" when certain hitters came to bat, and in the case of Mr. Williams in the 5th inning, he called it right.

The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 5-3 before an Oldtimers Day crowd of 43,968 at Shea Stadium in New York. It was the first game as New York manager for Billy Martin, hired the night before to replace Bill Virdon, who was fired after the team's third straight win.

Tommy Davis batted 3 for 3 with a double and 2 runs batted in, and Don Baylor added a 2-run home run as the Baltimore Orioles beat the Milwaukee Brewers 6-1 before 23,319 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Mike Torrez pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

The Boston Red Sox scored 5 runs in the 4th inning as they beat the Detroit Tigers 7-2 before 27,136 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Boston second baseman Denny Doyle batted 3 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and a run batted in to extend his hitting streak to 20 games.

Bert Blyleven and Bill Butler pitched complete game victories as the Minnesota Twins swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 4-1 and 8-3 before 17,194 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Mr. Blyeleven pitched a 5-hitter to improve his 1975 record to 10-5, while Mr. Butler got his first win of the season after 3 losses.

Jeff Burroughs drove in 2 runs with a double in the 1st inning and 2 more with a home run in the 5th as the Texas Rangers beat the California Angels 8-2 before 13,013 fans at Arlington Stadium. Dave Moates also homered for Texas, while Adrian Garrett hit his first home run for California since being acquired from the Chicago Cubs' organization two days earlier.

Pinch hitter Nate Colbert hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 4-3 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 16,101 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. The homer was hit off Tom Underwood, who allowed 8 hits and 4 earned runs in pitching a complete game and taking the loss.

Jon Matlack pitched a 5-hitter with no bases on balls and 6 strikeouts as the New York Mets shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-0 before 14,306 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh, scoring 5 runs in the 7th inning.

Bob Forsch pitched a 4-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Rick Reuschel as the St. Louis Cardinals blanked the Chicago Cubs 4-0 before 17,524 fans at Wrigley Field in a game that was delayed by rain for 2 hours and 17 minutes. It was scheduled to be the first game of a doubleheader, but because of the long delay, darkness prevented the second game from being played.

Pinch runner Mike Sadek scored on a wild pitch by Jim Crawford with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning as the San Francisco Giants rallied from a 6-1 deficit to defeat the Houston Astros 8-7 before 5,339 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. San Francisco center fielder Von Joshua batted 3 for 3 with a home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in. Houston left fielder Jose Cruz was 3 for 3 with 3 runs. Jesus de la Rosa made his major league debut with the Astros, grounding out as a pinch hitter in the 8th inning.

George Foster's home run in the top of the 5th inning was the only run of the game as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 before 52,015 fans at Dodger Stadium. Tom Carroll allowed 7 hits in 6 1/3 innings to improve his record for the season to 4-1, while Clay Carroll pitched 2 2/3 innings of hitless relief to earn his 5th save of the season. For Tom Carroll, the win was the 8th and last of his major league career. Andy Messersmith allowed just 2 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings in taking the loss and dropping to 13-10.

Darrell Evans hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 15th inning to give the Atlanta Braves an 8-6 win over the San Diego Padres before 26,892 fans at San Diego Stadium in a game that consumed 4 hours and 41 minutes. The Braves used 5 pitchers and the Padres 6. Rob Belloir made his major league debut with Atlanta, popping out as a pinch hitter in the 6th inning.

Wayne Simpson pitched a 3-hitter and Ron Clark singled home the game's only run as the Toledo Mud Hens edged the Tidewater Tides 1-0 in an International League game.

The Charleston Charlies swept an International League doubleheader from the Syracuse Chiefs 12-3 and 6-5; Doug Bair and Rick Langford were the respective winning pitchers.

The Memphis Blues and Rochester Red Wings split an International League doubleheader. Memphis won the opener 9-2, as winning pitcher Bill Kirkpatrick pitched a 4-hitter with home run help from Doby Johnson; Jim Hutto homered for Rochester. Randy Stein pitched a 6-hitter as Rochester won the second game 4-3; Larry Harlow and Bob Bailor homered for the Red Wings, while Jerry White homered for the Blues.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): 19--Paul Hardcastle

At the movies
Fright Night, starring Chris Sarandon, William Ragsdale, Amanda Bearse, and Roddy McDowall, opened in theatres.

Business
The Reichmann brothers acquired control of Gulf Canada for $2.8 billion.

Disasters
Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar flying from Fort Lauderdale, Florida to Los Angeles, crashed while on approach to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, killing 136 of 163 passengers and crew on board and the driver of a car that was hit by the plane.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-3) 39 @ Montreal (3-2) 11
Ottawa (2-2) 14 @ Edmonton (3-2) 49

Ken Hobart threw 2 touchdown passes to Steve Stapler and rushed 30 yards for a touchdown of his own to lead the Tiger-Cats. Poncho James rushed 18 times for 120 yards and another Hamilton touchdown. The Concordes’ only major score came just 4:23 into the game on a 7-yard pass from Turner Gill to Nick Arakgi. Attendance at Olympic Stadium was 25,318.

Matt Dunigan completed 18 of 24 passes for 323 yards, including a 61-yard touchdown pass to Chris Woods, as the Eskimos avenged a 41-19 loss to the Rough Riders in Ottawa two weeks earlier. Mr. Dunigan also rushed for 2 touchdowns and handed off to Neil Lumsden for 2 more. Edmonton defensive back Cliff Toney intercepted a J.C. Watts pass and returned it 55 yards for a touchdown midway through the 1st quarter for the game’s first score. The final Edmonton touchdown came when rookie quarterback Damon Allen connected with Brian Kelly from 21 yards out with 3:37 remaining in the game. It was Mr. Allen’s first CFL touchdown pass. Mr. Watts completed just 7 of 13 passes, but managed 200 yards and 2 touchdowns, on 70- and 23-yard passes to Mike Caterbone, who picked up 116 yards on just 3 receptions. Mr. Woods led the Eskimos with 105 yards on 3 receptions. An oddity of the game was that all of the scoring came on converted touchdowns. There was only one field goal attempt; Tom Dixon of the Eskimos was short, and the ball was returned by Daric Zeno. Edmonton recorded 35 first downs and 610 yards net offense, including 246 yards rushing. The Eskimos recorded 7 quarterback sacks, 4 by linebacker Stew Hill. Rookie defensive end Brent Murphy contributed his first CFL sack. The Eskimos had the ball on the Ottawa 1-yard line when the game ended. The punting was outstanding, with Ottawa’s Ken Clark averaging 54.7 yards on 9 punts to Mr. Dixon’s 51.5 average on 4 punts. 42,323 were in attendance at Commonwealth Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Norman Maclean, 87
. U.S. scholar and author. Dr. Maclean was an English professor at the University of Chicago who was best known for his books A River Runs Through It and Other Stories (1976) and Young Men and Fire (1992).

Lotta Hitschmanova, 80. Czechoslovakian-born Canadian social worker. Ms. Hitschmanova fled Czechoslovakia in 1938 after the Nazi Anschluss and came to Canada, where she founded the Unitarian Service Committee in 1945 to help European refugees. Her voice became one of the most familiar in Canada through numerous television ads for USC.

War
More than 100,000 Iraqi soldiers, backed by 700 tanks, invaded Kuwait before dawn, and Iraq announced that it was responding to a call from Kuwaiti revolutionaries who had overthrown the monarchy. Despite Kuwaiti resistance, Iraqi forces quickly seized key roads and buildings, and soon claimed effective control of the country. The Emir of Kuwait escaped from his palace by helicopter. U.S. President George Bush denounced Iraq’s action as "naked aggression," and he signed executive orders banning most trade with Iraq and freezing Iraqi and Kuwaiti assets in the United States. A U.S. aircraft carrier battle group was dispatched to the Persian Gulf. The United Nations Security Council voted 14-0 to condemn the invasion and demanded the withdrawal of Iraqi troops. The U.S.S.R., Iraq’s biggest arms supplier, suspended sales of military equipment to Iraq.

Business
Major league baseball sent a questionnaire to prospective owners in Vancouver, Buffalo, Denver, Miami, Nashville, Orlando, Phoenix, Sacramento, Tampa-St. Petersburg, and the Washington, D.C.-northern Virginia area, and announced that the fee for an expansion team would be $95 million. There were 26 groups bidding for teams. Two teams were slated to begin play in 1993.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-2) 20 @ Winnipeg (3-1) 23
Saskatchewan (2-2) 36 @ British Columbia (1-2-1) 25

Trevor Kennerd’s 37-yard field goal with 2 seconds left in regulation time gave the Blue Bombers their win before 24,320 (including this blogger and his brother-in-law) at Winnipeg Stadium. The Blue Bombers were behind 13-12 when Robert Mimbs, who had been held in check by the Edmonton defense all night, burst for a 32-yard touchdown rush with just 2:34 remaining. The Eskimos were penalized on the convert attempt, and the Blue Bombers decided to attempt a 2-point convert, which was successful when Tom Burgess passed 1 yard to Warren Hudson. The Eskimos struck right back, and Tracy Ham rushed 5 yards for a touchdown just 1:13 later, converted by Ray Macoritti. Winnipeg’s earlier touchdown came on a 30-yard pass from Mr. Burgess to Ken Winey in the second quarter, while the Eskimos’ first touchdown came on a 32-yard pass from Mr. ham to Darrell Colbert in the 3rd quarter. Craig Ellis of the Eskimos led all receivers with 6 receptions for 124 yards.

Dave Ridgway kicked 7 field goals, 2 converts, and a single in the Roughriders’ win before 33,068 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin completed 27 of 42 passes for 389 yards and a touchdown to Ray Elgaard. Milson Jones scored another Roughrider touchdown on a 2-yard rush. Rickey Foggie started at quarterback for the Lions but was soon replaced by Joe Paopao, who threw 2 touchdown passes to Larry Willis and another to Chris Skinner. Lorenzo Graham of the Lions caught 14 passes for 132 yards, including one for a 2-point convert. Mr. Elgaard led the Roughriders with 9 for 143. This was the final game for Mark Gastineau, a former star defensive end with the NFL’s New York Jets, who was attempting a comeback with B.C. He wasn’t in the best of shape when he came to B.C., and it showed on the field.

Baseball
Rookie first baseman Kevin Maas of the New York Yankees hit 2 home runs, giving him 10 career major league home runs in 77 at bats, the fastest any player had reached that figure. However, the Yankees lost 6-5 to the Detroit Tigers in 11 innings before 20,160 fans at Yankee Stadium.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Brian Smith, 54
. Canadian hockey player and sportscaster. Mr. Smith, the son of former National Hockey League player Des Smith and the brother of NHL goalie Gary Smith, was a left wing who played professionally from 1960-73. He played in the NHL with the Los Angeles Kings (1967-68) and Minnesota North Stars (1968-69), scoring 10 goals and 10 assists in 67 regular season games and no points in 7 playoff games. Mr. Smith finished his career with the Houston Aeros of the World Hockey Association in 1972-73, scoring 7 goals and 6 assists in 48 regular season games and no goals and 2 assists in 10 playoff games. He became a sportscaster with Ottawa television station CJOH from 1973 until his death, which occurred 18 hours after being shot in the station's parking lot as he was leaving the station after finishing his shift. The shooter, Jeffrey Arenburg, was a deranged man who had previously been ordered institutionalized, but had never reported; he shot Mr. Smith because he was the first person he recognized coming out of the studio.

Scandal
The United States Senate voted 52-48 not to hold public hearings into allegations of sexual harassment against Sen. Bob Packwood (Republican--Oregon).

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.2% in June, ending four straight months of decline.

Football
CFL
Baltimore (5-1) 19 @ Edmonton (4-2) 12

Baltimore defensive back Charles Anthony intercepted Edmonton quarterback Kerwin Bell's ill-considered pass on the last play of the 1st half and returned it 54 yards for the game's only touchdown as the Stallions defeated the Eskimos before 30,698 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The game marked the CFL debut for Edmonton defensive back and future coach Kavis Reed.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Loulie Jean Norman, 92. U.S. singer. Miss Norman was a coloratura soprano who had an eclectic career as a recording artist. She was a member of the Rhythmaires and the Ray Conniff Singers, and sang on hit singles such as Swamp Girl by Frankie Laine (1950) and The Lion Sleeps Tonight by the Tokens (1961). Miss Norman sang wordless vocalese to the title music for the television series Star Trek (1966-1968).

Steven Vincent, 49. U.S. journalist. Mr. Vincent was a freelance reporter in Iraq who was abducted and murdered after investigating corruption by Shia militias.

Disasters
Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340-313E flying from Paris, crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine just after landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport during severely inclement weather; all 309 passengers and crew survived, but 12 had serious injuries.

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