Monday, 25 March 2019

March 25, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Natasha!

1,100 years ago

World events
Romanos Lekapenos seized the Boukoleon Palace in Constantinople and became regent of Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII.

610 years ago

The Council of Pisa, an ecumenical Roman Catholic Church council convened by the College of Cardinals in an attempt to end the Western Schism, opened at the Cathedral of Pisa.

180 years ago

A truce was called in the damaging Aroostook, New Brunswick lumber war over the New Brunswick boundary with Maine; an agreement was later signed by Lord Ashburton and Daniel Webster.

125 years ago

"Coxey's Army", consisting of unemployed men and led by Ohio businessman Jacob Coxey, departed Massillon, Ohio for Washington, D.C. to demand help from the federal government during a time of economic depression. It was the first significant American protest march.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Ruperto Chapí, 57
. Spanish composer. Mr. Chapí wrote a symphony, as well as choral and chamber works, but was best known for his many operas and zarzuelas (traditional Spanish works alternating between spoken and sung scenes). He co-founded Sociedad General de Autores y Editores (Spanish Society of Authors and Publishers) in 1893, and died two days before his 58th birthday.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Jeanne Cagney
. U.S. actress. Miss Cagney, the younger sister of actor James Cagney and actor and producer William Cagney, appeared in plays, radio and television programs, and movies such as Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942); The Time of Your Life (1948); Man of a Thousand Faces (1957) (all starring James); and Quicksand (1950). She died of lung cancer on December 7, 1984 at the age of 65.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bésame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Bob Eberly and Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--4th week at #1); Mairzy Doats--The Merry Macs (Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's city council authorized the city's first campaign to attempt to exterminate mosquitoes.

Soviet forces made new gains in Ukraine, reaching the outskirts of the Black Sea port of Nikolayev and the Dniester River along a 50-mile front north of Cernauti and Proskurov. U.S. and Chinese troops took Shaduzup in northern Burma, in a blow at the east flank of Japanese forces in the Mogaung Valley.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) revealed that Secretary of State Cordell Hull had suggested that a congressional committee be established to consult with the State Department on a postwar peace organization.

Congress of Industrial Organizations steel workers presented a brief to the U.S. National War Labor Board demanding a fixed annual wage based upon a 40-hour week.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 2 @ Toronto 1 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

70 years ago

On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Speckled Band, starring Alan Napier as Sherlock Holmes, Melville Cooper as Dr. Watson, Evelyn Ankers as Helen Stoner, and Edgar Barrier as Dr. Grimesby Roylott

This is the oldest extant television broadcast of a Sherlock Holmes story.

Died on this date
August Wilhelm of Prussia, 62
. German royal family member. Prince August Wilhelm, nicknamed "Auwi," was the fourth son of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. He joined the Nazi Party in 1930, and joined the Sturmabteilung (SA) in 1931, eventually rising to the rank of SA-Obergruppenführer. After the Nazis came to power in 1933, Prince August Wilhelm's influence within the party declined, and he was held in low regard by high-ranking Nazis, although he remained loyal to Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Prince August Wilhelm was arrested by American authorities on May 8, 1945, and was interned for the next three years. The captivity severely affected his health, and he died soon after his release.

Jack Kapp, 47. U.S. recording executive. Mr. Kapp worked with Brunswick Records from 1926 until co-founding the American version of Decca Records in 1934. In order to increase sales, Mr. Kapp introduced innovations such as picture sleeves and liner notes for records, and issuing soundtracks from Broadway shows as albums. Mr. Kapp also encouraged Bing Crosby, Decca's most popular artist, to diversify his song catalogue. Mr. Kapp died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

U.S.S.R. authorities began a three-day mass deportation of more than 92,000 kulaks from the Baltic states to Siberia.

The Danish Parliament approved Denmark's participation in the North Atlantic security pact as the Danish government formally accepted a U.S. invitation to sign the agreement.

Politics and government
Chinese Communists designated Peking (Beijing) as their headquarters city.

Negotiations between Western military governors and representatives of the West German Constituent Assembly broke down in disagreement over the strength of the proposed West German central government.

1,000 demonstrators in New York City picketed the Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace, charging that it was Communist-dominated. The conference, attended by 2,000 American guests and 26 foreign delegates, opened with a banquet at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.

60 years ago

United Arab Republic President Gamal Nasser, meeting with Lebanese President Fuad Chehab, pledged to respect Lebanon's independence and to eliminate economic disagreements between the two countries.

The U.S.S.R. declared that it would "take necessary measures to insure the security" of its southern frontiers in view of the recent signing of U.S. bilateral defense arrangements with Pakistan, Turkey, and Iran.

U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan reassured West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer that Britain would not advocate any Central European military agreement with the U.S.S.R. which would damage West Germany's security.

World events
Western sources in Kalimpong reported that the Tibetan cabinet had proclaimed Tibetan independence and called on the People's Republic of China to withdraw its troops from Tibetan territory.

Economics and finance
Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker announced that Newfoundland would be given an additional $36.5 million in federal economic assistance in an effort to raise the province's living standards to the general Canadian level.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Atlantis--Donovan

Died on this date
Billy Cotton, 69
. U.K. musician. Mr. Cotton was a popular bandleader from the 1920s through the 1940s, and hosted the BBC radio program Billy Cotton Band Show (1949-1968). He suffered a stroke in 1962, and died while watching a boxing match at Wembley Arena in London.

The United States and South Vietnam issued separate statements stressing the need to break the impasse at the Paris peace talks with the Communists through private talks.

U.S. President Richard Nixon and Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau concluded two days of talks in Washington. In a joint commmunique, the leaders agreed that "problems between us can be settled in ways that promote the interests and the identities of both nations."

Politics and government
Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan resigned after 10 years in office and turned the country over to army commander-in-chief General A.M. Yahya Khan, who promptly declared martial law throughout the country.

Popular culture
During their honeymoon, rock musician John Lennon of the Beatles and Yoko Ono began their first Bed-In for Peace at the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel, which ran until March 31.

20 were killed and 70 injured in a head-on crash of two passenger trains in a morning mist in southern Belgium.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tragedy--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Chiquitita--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

Columbia, the first fully functional U.S. Space Shuttle orbiter, was delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida to be prepared for its first launch.

Israeli and Egyptian leaders in Washington agreed on a timetable for the scheduled return by Israel of Sinai oil fields to Egypt; it was the last issue blocking t a comprehensive peace treaty.

Four were injured when a bomb exploded in the baggage-loading area of John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York. The bomb had been set to explode aboard a flight bound for Los Angeles. An anti-Castro Cuban group claimed responsibility.

Auto racing
A.J. Foyt won the Datsun 200 at Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California. It was the first race of the season, and the first since most of the Indy car owners had split from the United States Auto Club to form Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART).

Montreal 1 New York Rangers 0

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Esatto--Francesco Salvi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Only Wanna Be with You--Samantha Fox

#1 single in France (SNEP): Pour toi Arménie--Charles Aznavour and various artists (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Like a Prayer--Madonna

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Alles Kan Een Mens Gelukkig Maken--René Froger & Het Goede Doel
2 Belfast Child (EP track)--Simple Minds
3 Like a Prayer--Madonna
4 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
5 Wild Thing--Tone Lōc
6 My Prerogative--Bobby Brown
7 Everybody Needs Somebody to Love--The Blues Brothers
8 Straight Up--Paula Abdul
9 Leave Me Alone--Michael Jackson
10 Eternal Flame--Bangles

Singles entering the chart were Mijn Naam is Jaap by André Van Duin presenteert: Jaap Aap en de Apen (#25); Ik Vuul Mien Zo Zo... - Live! by Normaal (#26); Nothing Has Been Proved by Dusty Springfield (#27); The Shape I'm In by John Spencer (#31); I'd Rather Jack by the Reynolds Girls (#33); and Help! by Bananarama & Lananeeneenoonoo (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
2 Eternal Flame--Bangles
3 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
4 The Look--Roxette
5 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
6 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson
7 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
8 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
9 Roni--Bobby Brown
10 You're Not Alone--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were Soldier of Love by Donny Osmond (#73); Every Little Step by Bobby Brown (#84); Downtown by One 2 Many (#88); Working on It by Chris Rea (#89); The Different Story (World of Lust and Love) by Peter Schilling (#92); Walking Through Walls by the Escape Club (#95); and Voices of Babylon by the Outfield (#97).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics (2nd week at #1)
2 Eternal Flame--Bangles
3 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
4 Paradise City--Guns 'N' Roses
5 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
6 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson
7 The Look--Roxette
8 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
9 You're Not Alone--Chicago
10 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals

Singles entering the chart were Rock On by Michael Damian (#80); Do You Believe in Shame? by Duran Duran (#83); I Only Wanna Be with You by Samantha Fox (#85); Soldier of Love by Donny Osmond (#87); Voices of Babylon by the Outfield (#89); and Working on It by Chris Rea (#92).

Died on this date
Earl Nightingale, 68
. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Nightingale joined the the U.S. Marines at the age of 17, and was one of 15 survivors aboard USS Arizona in the Japanes attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. He read occultist Napoleon Hill's book Think and Grow Rich in 1950, and was inspired by Mr. Hill's quote “We become what we think about.” Mr. Nightingale became a motivational speaker whose record The Strangest Secret (1956) sold a million copies, becoming the first spoken word record to win a Gold Record award. Our Changing World, a five-minute weekday program, aired from 1959 to the 1980s, and became the most widely-syndicated radio program in history. Mr. Nightingale died of complications following heart surgery, 13 days after his 68th birthday.

Exxon Corporation announced that it accepted full financial responsibility for the previous day's oil spill from the tanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound, Alaska.

Detroit 5 @ Toronto 6
Edmonton 2 @ Los Angeles 4

The Kings defeated the Oilers in a fight-filled game at The Forum in Inglewood, California.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sleeping in My Car--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

Died on this date
Max Petitpierre, 95
. President of the Swiss Confederation, 1950, 1955, 1960. Mr. Petitpierre, a member of the Free Democratic Party, was a member of the Swiss Federal Council from 1944-1961, heading the Ministry of Foreign Affairs during that period. He died 27 days after his 95th birthday.

The last U.S. peacekeeping forces left the Somali capital of Mogadishu, though about 50 soldiers remained to protect U.S. diplomats, and another 12 soldiers remained to provide logistical support to United Nations forces in Mogadishu. 19,000 other UN peacekeepers were still in Somalia.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Cal Ripken, Sr., 63
. U.S. baseball player, coach, and manager. Mr. Ripken was a catcher in the Baltimore Orioles' minor league system (1957-1962, 1964), batting .253 with 29 home runs and 269 runs batted in in 583 games. He managed in the Orioles' system from 1961-1974, scouted for the Orioles in 1975, and joined the Orioles' coaching staff in 1976, first as bullpen coach, moving to third base during the 1977 season. Mr. Ripken managed the Orioles for one game in 1985 (which they won), and then succeeded the retiring Earl Weaver after the 1986 season, with his sons Cal, Jr. and Billy among the players he managed. The Orioles' talent level had declined badly by the time Mr. Ripken took over as manager, and they finished sixth in the American League East Division with a record of 67-95. When the team lost its first 6 games of the 1988 season, Mr. Ripken was fired and replaced by Frank Robinson. Mr. Ripken was rehired as the Orioles' third base coach in 1989, serving in that capacity through 1992. He was highly regarded as a mentor of young players and for helping to create the tradition known as "The Oriole Way." Mr. Ripken was a longtime heavy smoker who died of lung cancer.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Dan Seals, 61
. U.S. musician. Mr. Seals, the younger brother of Jim Seals of the singing duo Seals and Crofts, comprised half of the duo England Dan and John Ford Coley, who had several hit singles from 1976-1979. Their first hit--I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--was their biggest, spending two weeks at #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart in 1976. Mr. Seals became a successful country artist in the 1980s and '90s, with 16 consecutive top 10 singles on the country chart, 11 of which reached #1. His 1985 hit Bop was also a hit on the pop chart, and won the Country Music Association award as "single of the year." Mr. Seals died of cancer.

Major budget cuts to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation were announced, resulting in the elimination of approximately 800 jobs.

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