Friday, 22 March 2019

March 22, 2019

560 years ago

Born on this date
Maximilian I
. Holy Roman Emperor, 1493-1519. Maximilian I was the son of Emperor Frederick III, and co-reigned with his father from 1483-1493, reigning alone after his father's death in 1493. Emperor Maximilian I extended the influence of the House of Habsburg; engaged in wars against Italy and France; took measures against Jews; and eventually instituted imperial reforms. He died on January 12, 1519 at the age of 59, was succeeded by Charles V.

280 years ago

Persian troops led by Nadir Shah occupied Delhi in India and sacked the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne, and killing 20,000-30,000 Indians.

190 years ago

In the London Protocol, the three protecting powers (United Kingdom, France and Russia) established the borders of Greece.

170 years ago

Austrian forces defeated Piedmontese forces in the Battle of Novara.

A Tory mob in Toronto demonstrated against the passage of the Rebellion Losses Bill, burning politicians Robert Baldwin, William Lyon Mackenzie, and Edward Blake in effigy.

125 years ago

Stanley Cup
Ottawa Hockey Club 1 @ Montreal Hockey Club 3

Archie Hodgson scored 2 goals and Billy Barlow scored the winning goal 9 minutes into the 3rd quarter as Montreal defeated Ottawa at Victoria Rink to become the first team to win the Stanley Cup on the ice. Chauncy Kirby scored the Ottawa goal. The game was reportedly rough, and Ottawa's Weldy Young, injured in the 2nd half by Montreal's George James, fainted at the end of the game.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Gabrielle Roy
. Canadian authoress. Miss Roy, a native of St. Boniface, Manitoba, won the Governor General's Award for Fiction three times. She first won the award for her novel Bonheur d'occasion (1945), translated into English as The Tin Flute (1947), which has been credited as helping lay the foundation for Quebec's Quiet Revolution in the 1960s. Miss Roy died on July 13, 1983 at the age of 74.

Politics and government
Premier Alexander Rutherford led his Liberal Party to a second consecutive majority in the Alberta provincial election. The Liberals took 36 of 41 seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Conservative Party, led by Albert Robertson, was second with 2 seats, including a victory by future Canadian Prime Minister R.B. Bennett in Calgary. Mr. Robertson lost his seat in High River to Liberal candidate Louis Roberts. Socialist candidate Charles O'Brien was elected in Rocky Mountain; independent Liberal Archibald Mclean was elected in Lethbridge District; and independent candidate Edward Michener, father of future Canadian Governor General Roland Michener, was elected in Red Deer, where he had served as Mayor from 1904-1906.

100 years ago

Stanley Cup
Montreal 4 @ Seattle 2 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)

Newsy Lalonde scored the game's first 4 goals as the Canadiens withstood a late rally to defeat the Metropolitans at Seattle Ice Arena in a game played under National Hockey League rules. Bobby Rowe broke up Georges Vezina's bid for a shutout with 8:57 remaining in regulation time, and Frank Foyston scored just 8 seconds later to close the scoring.

90 years ago

A U.S. Coast Guard vessel sank the Canadian schooner I'm Alone, carrying 2,800 cases of liquor, in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana. Captain John Randell and his crew were taken to New Orleans as prisoners for violating U.S. prohibition laws; manufacture of liquor was still legal in Canada.

80 years ago

World events
The Lithuanian government accepted the March 20 ultimatum presented to Lithuanian Foreign Minister Juozas Urbšys by German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, and ceded the Klaipėda Region (also known as the Memel Territory) to Germany in the face of a threat of a German military invasion. Germany had been forced to give up the territory after World War I.

75 years ago

Hit parade
Variety reported that the most popular songs in the United States were:
1 Mairzy Doats
2 Bésame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)
3 I Couldn't Sleep a Wink Last Night

After two days of fighting, Soviet troops captured the fortified Bug River rail centre of Pervomaisk in northeastern Ukraine. Germans sent new units into battle in the struggle over the Italian town of Cassino. India reported that Japanese troops had crossed India's border into the state of Manipur.

The U.S.A. and U.K. informed the U.S.S.R. that they would not extend recognition to the new Italian government of Prime Minister Marshal Pietro Badoglio.

Politics and government
Pro-Nazi Bela Imredy was unable to form a new government in Hungary, and a new cabinet was appointed with Field Marshal Doeme Sztojay as Premier and Foreign Minister.

The U.S. National War Labor Board instructed ins panel considering United States Steel Workers wage demands to take union testimony supporting the 17c hourly increase request.

70 years ago

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

At the movies
Apenas un delincuente (Hardly a Criminal), directed by Hugo Fregonese, and starring Sebastian Chiola, Tito Alonso, and Jorge Salcedo, received its premiere screening in Buenos Aires.

Politics and government
North Carolina Governor W. Scott Kerr appointed University of North Carolina President Frank Porter Graham to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death on March 6 of J. Melville Broughton (Democrat).

The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill authorizing an increase in Air Force strength to 70 groups with 502,000 men.

General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany ruled that Ilse Koch could not be retried by a U.S. court for war crimes, but could still be tried under German law.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Douglas Abbott submitted the 1949-50 budget to Parliament, proposing a $368.8-million reduction in income and other taxes.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruled that lists of "unfair employers" maintained by the American Federation of Labor Building and Construction Trades Council were illegal.

Stanley Cup
Toronto 3 @ Boston 0 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Montreal 1 @ Detroit 2 (3 OT) (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Max McNab scored at 4:52 of the third overtime period to give the Red Wings their win over the Canadiens at Olympia Stadium.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): La marche des gosses--Annie Cordy (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Avon Emeralds, starring Roger Moore and Hazel Court

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, and other officials ended three meetings at Mr. Eisenhower's Camp David, Maryland retreat after reportedly agreeing on basic Western policies regarding an East-West summit on Germany.

Air Chief Marshal Sir Thomas Pike, Royal Air Force Fighter Command chief, was named chief of the British Air Staff.

Politics and government
The Senegalese Progressive Union, led by Leopold Senghor, won all 80 seats in the parliament in the Senegalese general election. The SPU took 83.0% of the vote, with the Senegalese Solidarity Party second with 12.1% of the vote, followed by the African Regroupment Party--Senegal at 4.9%.

Arriving for a three-day visit to eastern Algeria, French Prime Minister Michel Debre reiterated that there would never be "a separation of France and Algeria."

Teamsters union President James Hoffa said that his union opposed American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations proposals for a shorter work week, and would concentrate on seeking higher pay.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da/While My Guitar Gently Weeps--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells

#1 single in France: Casatchok--Dimitri Dourakine and his Orchestra (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Ma che freddo fa--Nada (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Lonely Woods of Upton--Sean Dunphy (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)?--Peter Sarstedt (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Why--The Cats
2 First of May--The Bee Gees
3 Atlantis--Donovan
4 Spooky's Day Off--Swinging Soul Machine
5 Baby Won't You Leave Me Alone--The Web (with John L. Watson)
6 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
7 Ring of Fire--Eric Burdon and the Animals
8 Love is Love--Barry Ryan
9 Don Juan--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
10 Sorry Suzanne--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were Where Do You Go To (My Lovely) by Peter Sarstedt (#18); De Chinees Doet Veel Meer Met Vlees by De Butlers (#27); I Can Hear Music by the Beach Boys (#31); Proud Mary by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#35); Good Times (Better Times) by Cliff Richard (#37); and Games People Play by Joe South (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Dizzy--Tommy Roe (2nd week at #1)
2 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Traces--Classics IV
4 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
5 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
6 Time of the Season--The Zombies
7 This Girl's in Love with You--Dionne Warwick
8 Everyday People--Sly & the Family Stone
9 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
10 Run Away Child, Running Wild--The Temptations

Singles entering the chart were Memories by Elvis Presley (#67); The Chokin' Kind by Joe Simon (#71); Is it Something You've Got by Tyrone Davis (#81); First of May by the Bee Gees (#82); It's Only Love by B.J. Thomas (#84); In the Still of the Night by Paul Anka (#85); Sweet Cherry Wine by Tommy James and the Shondells (#86); Ice Cream Song by the Dynamics (#87); Foolish Fool by Dee Dee Warwick (#96); and Born Again by Sam & Dave (#97).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dizzy--Tommy Roe (2nd week at #1)
2 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Traces--Classics IV
4 Time of the Season--The Zombies
5 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
6 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
7 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
8 Run Away Child, Running Wild--The Temptations
9 This Girl's in Love with You--Dionne Warwick
10 The Weight--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were First of May by the Bee Gees (#53); It's Only Love by B.J. Thomas (#62); Is it Something You've Got by Tyrone Davis (#65); Mini-Skirt Minnie by Wilson Pickett (#67); Apricot Brandy by Rhinoceros (#69); Time is Tight by Booker T. & the M.G.'s (#71); Sweet Cherry Wine by Tommy James and the Shondells (#75); Hair by the Cowsills (#77); Don't Touch Me by Bettye Swan (#80); Mercy by Ohio Express (#86); Idaho by the 4 Seasons (#87); My Way by Frank Sinatra (#89); In the Still of the Night by Paul Anka (#90); Zazueira by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#92); Where Do You Go To (My Lovely) by Peter Sarstedt (#93); There Never was a Time by Jeannie C. Riley (#94); Born Again by Sam & Dave (#96); The Bird Has Flown by Deep Purple (#99); and Soul Pride (Part 1) by James Brown (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Dizzy--Tommy Roe (2nd week at #1)
2 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
3 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
4 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
5 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Something's Happening--Herman's Hermits
7 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 Johnny One Time--Brenda Lee
9 Bears--Quicksilver Messenger Service
10 Condition Red--The Goodees
Pick hit of the week: Rock Me--Steppenwolf

U.S. President Nixon and First Lady Pat Nixon visited former President Harry Truman and former First Lady Bess Truman at the Trumans' home in Independence, Missouri. The two couples then went to the Truman Library and Museum, where Mr. Truman stood expressionless while Mr. Nixon played The Missouri Waltz on a concert grand piano. The former President disliked the tune, but told Mrs. Truman that he hadn't heard clearly what the current President had played.

New York 1 @ Montreal 3

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Diversions

Died on this date
Ben Lyon, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lyon was a leading man in movies in the 1920s and '30s, and was best known for his starring roles in Flaming Youth (1923) and Hell's Angels (1930). He moved to England in the early 1940s, and enjoyed a successful career there in radio and television. Mr. Lyon died of a heart attack while travelling aboard the cruise ship Queen Elizabeth 2.

Richard Sykes, 58. U.K. diplomat. Sir Richard, a career diplomat, was British Ambassador to the Netherlands. He and his valet, Karel Straub, were shot in the head by members of the provisional Irish Republican Army as they left the ambassador's residence in The Hague for the short trip to the embassy.

The United States pledged to continue surveillance flights over the Sinai peninsula--begun secretly in 1974 at Israeli and Egyptian request--for three years to verify both sides' compliance with the Middle East peace treaty.

Politics and government
In the United States, the White House announced that Rear Admiral Rowland G. Freeman III would succeed Jay Solomon as head of the scandal-plagued General Services Administration.

The National Hockey League voted to absorb four World Hockey Association teams: Edmonton Oilers, Winnipeg Jets, Québec Nordiques, and New England Whalers. The merger marked the end of the WHA, founded in 1971.

New York Islanders 5 Montreal 3

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Like a Prayer--Madonna

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Did I Tell You--Jerry Williams (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Thomas Rideout was sworn in as Premier of Newfoundland, replacing the retiring Brian Peckford as head of the province's Progressive Conservative government.

Buffalo Sabres' goalie Clint Malarchuk suffered a near-fatal injury during a game when his carotid artery was accidentally slashed by the skate of Steve Tuttle of the St. Louis Blues.

Pete Rozelle, who had been Commissioner of the National Football League since 1960, announced that he would retire as soon as a replacement could be found.

25 years ago

Died on this date
Walter Lantz, 93
. U.S. animator. Mr. Lantz was best known for creating the character Woody Woodpecker in 1940. He also created or popularized the characters Oswald the Lucky Rabbit; Andy Panda; Space Mouse; Chilly Willy; and Homer Pigeon, among others.

Dan Hartman, 43. U.S. musician. Mr. Hartman played bass guitar with the Edgar Winter Group and wrote their hit single Free Ride (1973). As a solo artist, he was known for the hits Instant Replay (1978-1979); Relight My Fire (1979); and I Can Dream About You (1984). Mr. Hartman was a sodomite who died of an AIDS-related brain tumor.

Prime Minister Jean Chrétien dedicated the new Canadian Police Memorial Pavilion, for the Canadian Police Association (CPA) and the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police (CACP), next to the East Block on Parliament Hill in Ottawa. The granite stone at the base of the pavilion displays the names of officers killed while on duty.

Economics and finance
Using a new formula that combined trade in services with merchandise trade, the United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. had posted a trade deficit of $6.3 billion in January. Because the U.S. was running a surplus in trade in services, the effect of the new calculation would be to produce lower deficits.

The National Football League made its first scoring rules change in 75 years, allowing the option of a 2-point conversion after touchdowns. The revision, which all U.S. college divisions had adopted in 1958, brought more strategy to the game.

20 years ago

Died on this date
David Strickland, 29
. U.S. actor. Mr. Strickland played reporter Todd Stities in the television comedy series Suddenly Susan (1996-1999). He was a drug user who concluded a weekend of partying in Las Vegas by hanging himself with a bed sheet in his motel room.

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien brought in back-to-work legislation to force 14,000 striking federal employees back to work; rotating pickets were crippling grain exports and delaying tax returns.

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