Sunday, 3 March 2019

March 3, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry and Irishka!

240 years ago

The Continental Army was routed by British forces in the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.

220 years ago

The Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu ended with the surrender of the French garrison.

170 years ago

The United States Congress organized the Territory of Minnesota.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Henry Wood
. U.K. orchestra conductor. Sir Henry was best known for conducting the Queen's Hall promenade concerts (Proms) in London from 1895-1943. He took ill just before he was scheduled to conduct the 50th anniversary Proms, and died on August 19, 1944 at the age of 75.

125 years ago

Died on this date
Ned Williamson, 36
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Williamson, perhaps more properly known as "Ed," was a third baseman and shortstop with the Indianapolis Blues (1878); Chicago White Stockings (1879-1889) ; and Chicago Pirates (1890), batting .255 with 64 home runs and 667 runs batted in in 1,201 games, helping the White Stockings win five National League pennants in seven years from 1880-1886. He set an NL single-season record in doubles in 1883 (49) and a major league single-season record for home runs in 1884 (27), but those records were mainly the result of the ridiculously small dimensions of Lakefront Park in Chicago; balls hit over the fence that counted as doubles in 1883 were considered home runs in 1884. Mr. Williamson pitched in 12 games from 1881-1887, posting a 1-1 record with an earned run average of 3.34. He suffered a serious knee injury in 1889, shortening his career. Mr. Williamson suffered from a liver ailment and tuberculosis in later years, and died of dropsy.

100 years ago

Stanley Cup
Montreal 3 @ Ottawa 6 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Eddie Gerard scored 2 goals and Sprague Cleghorn scored the eventual winning goal 10 minutes into the 2nd period as the Senators averted elimination by the Canadiens at the Arena. Newsy Lalonde scored twice for Montreal.

80 years ago

In Bombay, Mohandas Gandhi began a hunger strike in protest against British rule in India.

75 years ago

Soviet Red Army units took Maloye Fomkino--five miles east of Pskov; Markovo--seven miles northwest of Pskov; and Pokhvalshchina--seven miles southeast of Pskov. Yugoslavian partisans captured Lastya in southern Bosnia, 20 miles east of Dubrovnik. The Stockholm newspaper Dagen Nyheter reported that the Finnish parliament had voted to reject the Soviet demand that internment of German troops be a condition for peace. American forces continuously assaulted the Japanese on Los Negros Island, inflicting an estimated 3,000 casualties. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the U.S.A., U.K., and France had agreed to divide the Italian naval fleet equally.

Chile announced her recognition of the new Argentine regime of acting President Edelmiro Farrell.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Secretary of State Edward Stettinius would attend the London conferences on war and postwar problems.

Politics and government
A delegation of Senators asked the Puerto Rican Congress to remove Governor Rexford Tugwell because "he has built up a vast bureaucracy seeking government control."

Air Force magazine reported that the drug benzedrene had been used with good results to help weary pilots fight off sleepiness and fatigue on return trips of combat missions.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Bureau of Mines announced the discovery of new steel manufacturing processes that would permit production of high grade steel in 25 states.

Bob Montgomery (58-8-3) won a 15-round split decision over Beau Jack (58-9-3) at Madison Square Garden in New York to win the New York State Athletic Commission world lightweight title. It was the third of four fights between the two; Mr. Montgomery had won a 15-round unanimous decision on May 21, 1943 to win the title, and Mr. Jack had regained the belt on November 19, 1943 with a unanimous 15-round decision.

70 years ago

Notes Toward the Definition of Culture by T.S. Eliot was published in New York by Harcourt, Brace.

Former U.S. Ambassador to China Patrick Hurley, speaking in Washington, charged that the 1945 Yalta agreement undermined the Nationalist Chinese government by giving the U.S.S.R. Port Arthur and partial interest in China's Manchurian railways.

Norway requested and received an invitation to attend North Atlantic treaty discussions in Washington, and rejected the U.S.S.R.'s offer of a non-aggression pact.

Politics and government
U.S. Defense Secretary James Forrestal resigned; U.S. President Harry Truman nominated lawyer Louis Johnson to succeed him.

The U.S. State Department dissolved its Office of Occupied Areas and announced plans to create an Office of German and Austrian affairs.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Truman met with the National Security Council and top Treasury, State, and Commerce Department officials to discuss extending aid to China beyond the April 3, 1949 deadline.

Production of the Tucker 48 automobile ceased, amidst negative publicity initiated by the news media and a Securities and Exchange Commission investigation for mail fraud.

A U.S. federal court in New York issued a consent decree separating the theatre holdings of Paramount Pictures from the company's production and distribution enterprises.

A U.S. federal court in Cleveland convicted Timkin Roller Bearing Company of participating in a worldwide roller-bearing cartel.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Dream, starring Reginald Owen, Richard Lupino, and Ethel Blakely

Died on this date
Lou Costello, 52
. U.S. comedian and actor. Born Lou Cristillo, Mr. Costello teamed up with Bud Abbott to form the most popular comedy team of the early 1940s. They made their movie debut in One Night in the Tropics (1940), and increased their popularity with Buck Privates (1941). Their movie career continued through Dance With Me Henry (1956), before they parted amicably in July 1957. My favourites are The Time of Their Lives (1946) and Buck Privates Come Home (1947). Abbott and Costello had a radio program from 1942-1949, and a television program from 1952-1954. Their most famous skit, "Who's On First," was examined at length by Steve Allen in his book More Funny People (1982). Mr. Costello died of a heart attack three days before his 53rd birthday; his last words were reportedly "That was the best ice cream soda I've ever tasted," although that may be incorrect Mr. Costello's last film (and his only starring role without Bud Abbott) was The Thirty Foot Bride of Candy Rock, which was released five months after his death.

The United States launched the lunar probe Pioneer 4 from Cape Canaveral, Florida; its mission was to study corpuscular radiation.

The Japanese Foreign Ministry rejected South Korea's offer to resume treaty negotiations on condition that Japan abandon its plan for voluntary repatriation of destitute Koreas to North Korea.

U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan concluded his visit to the U.S.S.R., conceding in a joint communique with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev that the two leaders "were unable to agree about the judicial and political aspects of the problems involved."

Abba Eban announced his resignation as Israeli Ambassador to the United States, in order to enter Israeli politics.

Archbishop Makarios called on Greek Cypriot guerrillas to turn over their arms to British authorities, to be stored and used to equip the armed forces of the Cyprus republic.

Anti-American riots continued in La Paz for the second day, following the appearance of a Time magazine article which quoted a U.S. diplomat as calling for the "abolition" of Bolivia.

116 city census enumerators began going door-to-door; the city estimated that 265,000 names would be recorded.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Blue Light Yokohama--Ayumi Ishida (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Eloise--Barry Ryan (7th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 You Showed Me--The Turtles
2 This Magic Moment--Jay and the Americans
3 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
4 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
5 Everyday People--Sly & the Family Stone
6 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 These Eyes--The Guess Who?
8 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
9 Heaven--The Rascals
10 Games People Play--Joe South

Singles entering the chart were Rock Me by Steppenwolf (#63); Galveston by Glen Campbell (#78); You've Made Me So Very Happy by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#84); These are Not My People by Johnny Rivers (#85); Lily the Pink by the Irish Rovers (#87); Long Green by the Fireballs (#89); One Ring Jane by Mother Tucker's Yellow Duck (#90); Goodbye Columbus by the Association (#92); Only the Strong Survive by Jerry Butler (#93); Don't Forget About Me by Dusty Springfield (#94); Gentle on My Mind by Dean Martin (#95); I Didn't Know What Time it Was by Ray Charles (#96); Hallways to My Mind by the Dells (#97); Only You (And You Alone) by Bobby Hatfield (#98); Kick Out the Jams by MC5 (#99); and Somebody Loves You by the Delfonics (#100).

Died on this date
Fred Alexander, 88
. U.S. tennis player. Mr. Alexander won the men's singles and doubles titles at the 1908 Australasian Open (now Australian Open), and won five U.S. Open doubles titles (1907-1910, 1917). He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1961.

The single I Can Hear Music/All I Want to Do by the Beach Boys was released on Capitol Records. Originally a single for the Ronettes in 1966, I Can Hear Music is my favourite Beach Boys recording. It was the first to be produced by Carl Wilson, and featured his terrific performance on lead vocal. All I Want to Do was written and produced by Dennis Wilson, and featured Mike Love on lead vocal.

The single Southbound Jericho Parkway/My Friend by Roy Orbison was released on MGM Records. Southbound Jericho Parkway, a 7-minute song about a man going through a mid-life crisis, was undoubtedly the most unusual song the "Big O" ever recorded.

Apollo 9, with Jim McDivitt (Commander), David Scott (Command Module Pilot), and Russell "Rusty" Schweickart (Lunar Module Pilot) aboard, lifted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida at 11 A.M. EST. Apollo 9, an earth-orbiting mission, served as the first manned test of the lunar module in space. The 363-foot, 6,483,320-pound combination of Saturn V rocket and Apollo spacecraft was the heaviest object ever sent aloft to that time, while the 297,000-pound orbiting assembly was the heaviest payload ever sent into space. The Saturn V's S-IVB third stage was sent into orbit around the sun after separating from the lunar module Spider. Three hours after liftoff, the command module Gumdrop successfully docked with Spider.

The secessionist army of Biafra surrounded and trapped 2,000 Nigerian troops.

Economics and Finance
The Bank of Canada hiked its bank rate from 6.5% to 7%.

A man with a learner's permit drove off the Manhattan end of the Williamsburg Bridge in New York and crashed into a car stopped for a red light, killing 6 people in his car, and injuring 13 others.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): My Life--Billy Joel (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Mi scappa la pipì, papà--Pippo Franco (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Tragedy--Bee Gees

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Tragedy--Bee Gees

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Chiquitita--ABBA
2 Fire!--Pointer Sisters
3 You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth (Hot Summer Night)--Meat Loaf
4 Now that We Found Love--Third World
5 'k Heb Hele Grote Bloemkoole--André Van Duin (als Meneer De Bok)
6 (You Gotta Walk) Don't Look Back--Peter Tosh (support vocals: Mick Jagger)
7 Every Time I Think of You--The Babys
8 How You Gonna See Me Now--Alice Cooper
9 Heart of Glass--Blondie
10 Ik Ben Verliefd Op John Travolta--Sandy

Singles entering the chart were Disco Really Made It by Gruppo Sportivo (#27); Born to Be Alive by Patrick Hernandez (#28); Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground) by the Jacksons (#29); Mama Leone by Bino (#33); Adolescent Sex by Japan (#34); and Get Down by Gene Chandler (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart (4th week at #1)
2 Fire--Pointer Sisters
3 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
4 Tragedy--Bee Gees
5 A Little More Love--Olivia Newton-John
6 Heaven Knows--Donna Summer with Brooklyn Dreams
7 Le Freak--Chic
8 Y.M.C.A.--Village People
9 Lotta Love--Nicolette Larson
10 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Rubber Biscuit by the Blues Brothers (#66); I'm Not Gonna Cry Anymore by Nancy Brooks (#77); Blow Away by George Harrison (#79); Here Comes the Night by the Beach Boys (#83); Roller by April Wine (#84); Whole Lotta Love by the Wonder Band (#87); Elena by the Marc Tanner Band (#90); and Lazy Eyes by T.M.G. (#93).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart (5th week at #1)
2 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
3 Fire--Pointer Sisters
4 A Little More Love--Olivia Newton-John
5 Heaven Knows--Donna Summer with Brooklyn Dreams
6 Y.M.C.A.--Village People
7 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb
8 Tragedy--Bee Gees
9 Le Freak--Chic
10 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Here Comes the Night by the Beach Boys (#82); Heartaches by BTO (#85); Wheels of Life by Gino Vannelli (#86); Rubber Biscuit by the Blues Brothers (#87); Make it Last by Brooklyn Dreams (#88); Can You Read My Mind by Maureen McGovern (#96); Roller by April Wine (#97); and Lazy Eyes by T.M.G. (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)
2 A Little More Love--Olivia Newton-John
3 Fire--Pointer Sisters
4 Lotta Love--Nicolette Larson
5 Every 1's a Winner--Hot Chocolate
6 Shake It--Ian Matthews
7 Heaven Knows--Donna Summer with Brooklyn Dreams
8 Too Much Heaven--Bee Gees
9 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
10 Y.M.C.A.--Village People

Singles entering the chart were Sultans of Swing by Dire Straits (#78); Stumblin' In by Suzi Quatro & Chris Norman (#94); Knock on Wood by Amii Stewart (#97); Livin' it Up (Friday Night) by Bell & James (#99); and Precious Love by Bob Welch (#100).

Yemen and South Yemen agreed to a cease-fire mediated by Syria and Iraq.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter authorized a fund-raising committee for his 1980 re-election bid, to be headed by Democratic National Committee Treasurer Evan Dobelle.

Detroit 3 @ Montreal 5
Philadelphia 3 @ Toronto 4

Roger Neilson, who had apparently been fired as head coach of the Maple Leafs two days earlier, made a surprise return behind the bench as they defeated the Flyers 4-3 at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast. Maple Leafs' owner Harold Ballard had wanted Mr. Neilson to appear behind the bench with a paper bag over his head, but Mr. Neilson rejected that move.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart--Marc Almond featuring Gene Pitney

Canadian author David Adams Richards won the Governor General's Literary Award for his novel Nights Below Station Street (1988).

Robert McFarlane, a former National Security Council adviser to U.S. President Ronald Reagan, was sentenced to two years' probation and fined $20,000 for his role in the mid-1980s Iran-Contra arms-for-hostages scandal. The first presidential aide to be sentenced in the affair, Mr. McFarlane had already pled guilty to four misdemeanor counts.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had risen 0.6% in January.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Look Who's Talking--Dr. Alban

Believing that North Korea would meet the International Atomic Energy Agency's demands for inspections of all its nuclear sites, the United States suspended planning for the Team Spirit military exercises with South Korea.

Alan Eagleson, Toronto lawyer and former president of the National Hockey League Players Association, was indicted in Boston on 32 counts of embezzlement, fraud and racketeering. He refused to go to the U.S. to face the grand jury, beginning three years of legal wrangling.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Gerhard Herzberg, 94
. German-born Canadian chemist. Dr. Herzberg completed his education in Germany before moving to Canada after the Nazis came to power in Germany. He was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals."

Lee Philips, 72. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Philips, born Leon Friedman, co-starred in the movie Peyton Place (1957), and appeared in numerous television programs before turning to directing, where most of his work was in television. He died of progressive supranuclear palsy.

ABC televised an interview by Barbara Walters of former White House intern Monica Lewinsky; an estimated 70 million people watched Miss Lewinsky discuss her relationship with U.S. President Bill Clinton. An immunity agreement with independent counsel Kenneth Starr prevented Miss Lewinsky from discussing how she had been treated by Mr. Starr's office. Miss Lewinsky apologized to the nation for her role in the affair. She said that Mr. Clinton had told her that he might leave his wife, and also said that she now had mixed feelings about Mr. Clinton. Miss Lewinsky also revealed that she had become pregnant and had had an abortion as a result of a relationship with a Pentagon co-worker during a gap in her affair with Mr. Clinton.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Gilbert "Gib" Parent, 73
. Canadian politician. Mr. Parent, a native of Mattawa, Ontario and a Liberal, sat in the House of Commons from 1974-1984 and 1988-2001, representing a riding whose name was constantly changing. He was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1994-2001. Mr. Parent died of pneumonia while recovering from surgery for colon cancer.

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