Friday, 22 March 2019

March 21, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nadia Marchuk!

180 years ago

Born on this date
Modest Mussorgsky
. Russian composer. Mr. Mussorgsky's best-known compositions were the opera Boris Godunov (1869/1874); the tone poem Night on Bald Mountain, aka Night on the Bare Mountain (1867); and the piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition (1874). He drank himself to death on March 28, 1881, a week after his 42nd birthday.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Jock Sutherland
. U.K.-born U.S. football player and coach. A native of Scotland, Mr. Sutherland played end with the University of Pittsburgh's national championship teams in 1915 and 1916, and was an all-American in 1917. He coached at Lafayette College (1919-1923) and the University of Pittsburgh (1924-1938), compiling a record of 144-28-14, and winning as many as nine national championships (the number is uncertain because of the variety of polls conducted to decide the champion). Mr. Sutherland coached in the National Football League with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1940-1941) and Pittsburgh Steelers (1946-1947), compiling a record of 28-16-1. The 1947 Steelers finished tied for first place in the Eastern Conference with an 8-4 record, necessitating a playoff for the conference title, which the Eagles won 21-0. Mr. Sutherland suddenly took ill while on a scouting trip in Kentucky, and was transferred first to Cairo, Illinois and then to Pittsburgh for surgery. He died on April 11, 1948 at the age of 59 after an operation to remove a brain tumor, just six days after falling ill.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Panagiotis Pipinelis
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1963. Mr. Pipinelis was a career diplomat before entering politics. He was Minister of Trade (1961-1963) in the government of Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis, and served as interim Prime Minister from June 17-September 29, 1963. Mr. Pipinelis was Minister of Foreign Affairs in the military dictatorship from November 20, 1967 until his death on July 19, 1970 at the age of 71.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Douglas Warren
. Australian clergyman. Rev. Bishop became a Roman Catholic priest in 1942, and served as Bishop of Wilcannia-Forbes from 1967-1994. He died on February 6, 2013 at the age of 93.

Politics and government
The Hungarian Soviet Republic was established from the union of the Social Democratic Party with the Communist Party, becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia in 1917. Sándor Garbai was Prime Minister and Chairman of the Central Executive Council, but the real power was wielded by Foreign Minister Béla Kun, a Communist.

90 years ago

The Quebec Legislative Assembly adopted the Freedom of the Press Act, proposed by Premier Louis-Alexandre Taschereau. The law gave journalists parliamentary immunity "for all the reports of the chamber, the reports they make to the committees of the chamber to which the public is admitted, the reports of the trials provided that these reports are faithful, made in good faith . They will also have immunity if they publish at the request of the executive public notices to declare that the obligations and actions of a particular company are worthless and to warn the public against them." On the other hand, for those who felt aggrieved by their writings, journalists were required to give three days' notice so that the complainant "has time to retract or to give explanations, if he deems it appropriate."

Stanley Cup
New York Rangers 1 New York Americans 0 (2 OT) (Rangers won 2-game total goals series 1-0)
Detroit 1 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto won 2-game total goals series 7-2)

Montreal 0 @ Boston 1 (Boston led best-of-five series 2-0)

Butch Keeling scored with 10 seconds remaining in the second overtime period to give the Rangers their win over the Americans at Madison Square Garden.

80 years ago

Stanley Cup
Detroit 0 @ Montreal 2 (Montreal led best-of-three series 1-0)
New York Americans 0 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto led best-of-three series 1-0)

Boston 2 @ New York Rangers 1 (3 OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Mel Hill scored at 19:25 of the third overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Rangers at Madison Square Garden.

75 years ago

German troops consolidated their hold on Hungary. The government of Finland announces the rejection of the Soviet armistice terms as being "harsh" and unclear. A Japanese offensive against the Indian state of Manipur was reported 15 miles west of the border. It was announced in Naples that Lieutenant General George Patton had been replaced as commander of the U.S. 7th Army by Major General Alexander Patch.

Politics and government
A puppet regime was reported to have been established in Hungary, led by pro-Nazi Bela Imredy.

Iranian Premier Ali Schelly resigned, and Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi asked former Foreign Minister Mohammed Saed Maraghei to form a new cabinet.

U.S. Senator Edwin Johnson (Democrat--Colorado) said that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's third term had been a great failure and that should he be elected to a fourth term, it would be one of "defeat and frustration."

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that U.S. foreign policy was based upon winning the war, international cooperation, and the Atlantic Charter.

The U.S. State Department denied reports from Algiers that it may deal with the pro-Nazi Vichy government in France as well as the French Committee of National Liberation in liberated France.

Stanley Cup
Toronto 3 @ Montreal 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Chicago 2 @ Detroit 1 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Elusive Agent: Part 1

Died on this date
S.S. McClure, 92
. U.K.-born U.S. publisher. Samuel Sidney McClure was a native of Northern Ireland who moved to Indiana with his widowed mother when he was 9. He founded the McClure Syndicate--the first newspaper synidcate in America--in 1884, and founded and ran McClure's Magazine from 1893-1911. The magazine published investigative articles by prominent writers, who were allowed to take all the time they needed to research topics.

U.S.S.R. delegate to the United Nations Jacob Malik and U.S. delegate Philip Jessup held informal discussions in New York on the Berlin situation. Mr. Malik indicated that the Soviet Union was prepared to lift the Berlin blockade if the Western Allies ended their counter-blockade and set a date for a foreign ministers conference on all German questions.

U.S. President Harry Truman named John Muccio as the first U.S. Ambassador to South Korea.

Politics and government
Nationalist Chinese Premier Ho Ying-chin named a new cabinet, with former Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Fu Ping-chang as Foreign Minister.

United Nations Secretary-General Trygve Lie named U.S. Ambassador Chester Nimitz to head the Commission for India and Pakistan, and to supervise the plebiscite which would decide the future status of Kashmir.

The U.S. Hoover Commission on Reorganization of the Executive Branch issued a report on federal social security and welfare functions, recommending the creation of a separate department to handle old age and survivors' insurance, public assistance, aid to dependent children, educational grants, and related matters.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Piove (Ciao, ciao bambina)--Domenico Modugno (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon (3rd week at #1)
2 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
3 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
4 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
5 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
6 The Hawaiian Wedding Song (Ke Kali Nei Au)--Andy Williams
7 Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price
8 Peter Gunn--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
9 It's Late--Ricky Nelson
10 I've Had It--The Bell Notes

Singles entering the chart were The Tijuana Jail by the Kingston Trio (#68); Lovin' Up a Storm by Jerry Lee Lewis (#81); Bella by Jack Scott (#82); Enchanted by the Platters (#85); That's Why (I Love You So) by Jackie Wilson (#88); Ballad of a Girl and Boy by the Graduates (#89); Everywhere You Go by the Quaker City Boys (#93); The Beat by the Rockin' R's (#95); (I Don't Care) Only Love Me by Steve Lawrence (#96); 's-All Right?--'a-All Right! by Senor Wences (#97); I Ain't Givin' Up Nothin' (If I Can’t Get Something from You) by Ben Hewitt (#98); Tell Him No by Travis and Bob (#99); and Secret Love by Jimmy Ricks (#100).

Canada's top 9
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon
2 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
3 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
4 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
5 The Hawaiian Wedding Song (Ke Kali Nei Au)--Andy Williams
6 Petite Fleur (Little Flower)--Chris Barber's Jazz Band
7 Tragedy--Thomas Wayne with the DeLons
8 I've Had It--The Bell Notes
9 Peter Gunn--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra

Montreal's top 6
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon
2 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
3 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
4 Petite Fleur (Little Flower)--Chris Barber's Jazz Band
5 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
6 Please Mr. Sun--Tommy Edwards

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nikki Quitazol!

Irish President Sean O'Kelly was welcomed in New York with a ticker tape parade before leaving on a tour of the United States.

U.S. Senator Clinton Anderson (Democrat--New Mexico) charged that the Defense Department was preventing the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy from "making public some important data on fallout from weapon tests." U.S. Defense Department officials described the concentration of radioactive strontium-90 from nuclear test fallout as "greater in the U.S. than in any other area of the world."

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Games People Play--Joe South
2 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
3 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
4 To Susan on the West Coast Waiting/Atlantis--Donovan
5 Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon--Paul Revere and the Raiders
6 Galveston--Glen Campbell
7 Time of the Season--The Zombies
8 Traces--Classics IV
9 You Gave Me a Mountain--Frankie Laine
10 Nothing But a Heartache--The Flirtations

Singles entering the chart were Rock Me by Steppenwolf (#24); Where Do You Go To (My Lovely) by Peter Sarstedt (#25); Only the Strong Survive by Jerry Butler (#26); Apricot Brandy by Rhinoceros (#28); Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures) by the 5th Dimension (#29); and July You're a Woman by John Wilkinson (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Dizzy--Tommy Roe (2nd week at #1)
2 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
3 Condition Red--The Goodees
4 Time of the Season--The Zombies
5 Games People Play--Joe South
6 Tear Drop City--The Monkees
7 To Susan on the West Coast Waiting--Donovan
8 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
9 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon--Paul Revere and the Raiders

Died on this date
Mike "Pinky" Higgins, 59
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Higgins played third base with the Philadelphia Athletics (1930, 1933-1936); Boston Red Sox (1937-1938, 1946); and Detroit Tigers (1939-1944, 1946), batting .292 with 140 home runs and 1,075 runs batted in in 1,802 games. He played in the 1940 and 1946 World Series, batting .271 with 1 home run and 8 RBIs in 14 games. Mr. Higgins managed the Red Sox from 1955-1962 (with brief interruptions in 1959 and 1960), compiling a record of 560-556. He was the Red Sox' supervisor of player personnel from 1961-1962, and general manager from 1962-1965, and has often been labelled a racist for continuing the club's long-standing reluctance to employ Negro players. On February 27, 1968, Mr. Higgins was driving drunk when he killed Louisiana transportation official George Killen; Mr. Higgins pled guilty to driving while intoxicated, and suffered two heart attacks between conviction and sentencing. He began serving a four-year prison sentence in January 1969, was paroled on March 20, and suffered a fatal heart attack the next day.

The Hong Kong newspaper The Star quoted Mao Tse-tung as saying that China was prepared to use nuclear weapons in the event of a Soviet nuclear attack.

Politics and government
Anthony Lee, installed the previous day as resident Commissioner of the island of Anguilla after an invasion by British troops, promised capital improvements.

A head-on crash of an electric train and locomotive, triggered by a power failure, killed at least 40 and injured more than 300 near Sao Paulo, Brazil.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor

Israel's Knesset endorsed the peace treaty with Egypt, clearing the way for signing ceremonies in Washington, D.C. on March 26. The United States was expected to pledge support for Israel in the event the pact with Egypt was violated.

The South African bribery scandal widened as ex-Information Ministry official Eschel Rhoodie said that the United States was the main target of South Africa's bid to influence press and government figures to support her racial policies.

Economics and finance
Zairian President Mobutu Sese Seko announced that the International Monetary Fund had pledged $150 million in aid to Zaire in exchange for his government's pledge to cut government spending by two-thirds.

Detroit 4 Toronto 2
St. Louis 1 Vancouver 1

30 years ago

Died on this date
Otis Douglas, 77
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Douglas played tackle at the College of William and Mary (1929-1930), but didn't begin playing professionally until the advanced age of 35, playing with the Philadelphia Eagles from 1946-1949, helping the Eagles win National Football League championships in his last two seasons. He was head coach at University of Akron (1941-1942); Drexel University (1949); and University of Arkansas (1950-1952), compiling a record of 17-34-4. Mr. Douglas became the head coach of the Calgary Stampeders of the Western Interprovincial Football Union midway through the 1956 season, and led them until his resignation after the third game of the 1960 season. The Stampeders were 22-36-3 under Mr. Douglas, making the playoffs only in 1957, losing in the WIFU semi-finals. Mr. Douglas served as a fitness consultant with the Cincinnati Reds in 1961-1962, and was with them when they won the National League pennant in 1961.

Salvadoran President-elect Alfredo Christiani called for a cease-fire in El Salvador's civil war and negotiations with the rebels.

Glenn Robinson, a former official with the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, testified at the trial of former National Security Council member Oliver North that he and Mr. North had falsified documents to conceal the fact that U.S. Air Force Major General Richard Secord (retired) had paid for a $13,800 security fence at Mr. North's home. Mr. North was facing 12 charges stemming from the mid-1980s Iran-Contra arms-for-hostages scandal.

Sports Illustrated reported allegations tying Cincinnati Reds' manager Pete Rose to baseball gambling.

This blogger was among those who began work as an enumerator with the City of Edmonton Census and voter enumeration.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in February.

Los Angeles 4 Edmonton 3

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Omen III--Magic Affair (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Sign--Ace of Base
2 Mr. Jones--Counting Crows
3 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
4 Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through--Meat Loaf
5 Distant Sun--Crowded House
6 Without You--Mariah Carey
7 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
8 Return to Innocence--Enigma
9 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
10 Because of Love--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Disarm by Smashing Pumpkins (#69); The Calling by Yes (#78); Completely by Michael Bolton (#80); My Problem is You by Jackson Browne (#87); Sleeping in My Car by Roxette (#91); Blame Your Parents by 54-40 (#92); Moanie by Bootsauce (#93); and Baby, Please Don't Go by John Mellencamp (#95).

Died on this date
Lili Damita, 89
. French-born U.S. actress. Born Liliane Marie-Madeleine Carré, Miss Damita appeared in silent movies in France before moving to Hollywood in the late 1920s. Her movies included The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1929); The Cock-Eyed World (1929); This is the Night (1932); and The Match King (1932). Miss Damita was married to Errol Flynn from 1935-1942.

Macdonald Carey, 81. U.S. actor. Mr. Carey appeared in movies such as Wake Island (1942); Shadow of a Doubt (1943); The Great Gatsby (1949); and Blue Denim (1959), but was best known for playing Dr. Tom Horton in the NBC television soap opera Days of Our Lives from 1965-1993, winning Daytime Emmy Awards in 1974 and 1975.

Dack Rambo, 52. U.S. actor. Born Norman Jay Rambeau, Mr. Rambo appeared as a guest star in many television programs and was a member of the cast of the programs The Guns of Will Sonnett (1967-1969); Dirty Sally (1974); and Dallas (1985-1987). He was a bisexual who died of AIDS.

The Academy Awards for 1993 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The winners included: Picture--Schindler's List; Director--Steven Spielberg (Schindler's List); Actor--Tom Hanks (Philadelphia); Actress--Holly Hunter (The Piano); Supporting Actor--Tommy Lee Jones (The Fugitive); and Supporting Actress--Anna Paquin (The Piano).

The International Atomic Energy Agency demanded that North Korea allow the full inspection of one of North Korea's seven targeted sites to go forward. The U.S.A. signalled its desire for the Team Spirit military exercises with South Korea to go forward. North Korea responded by threatening to withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Wayne Gretzky of the Los Angeles Kings scored his 801st career regular season goal, tying Gordie Howe's National Hockey League record.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Ernie Wise, 73
. U.K. comedian. Mr. Wise, born Ernest Wiseman, teamed with Eric Morecambe in 1941 to form the comedy duo Morecambe and Wise. The two were popular on British television from he 1950s until Mr. Morecambe's death in 1984. Mr. Wise died after a series of strokes and heart attacks.

The Academy Awards for 1998 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The winners included: Picture--Shakespeare in Love; Director--Steven Spielberg (Saving Private Ryan); Actor--Roberto Benigni (Life is Beautiful); Actress--Gwyneth Paltrow (Shakespeare in Love); Supporting Actor--James Coburn (Affliction); Supporting Actress--Judi Dench (Shakespeare in Love); Foreign Language Film--Life is Beautiful.

19 days after leaving Switzerland, Bertrand Piccard of Switzerland (the captain) and Brian Jones of Great Britain completed the first nonstop circumnavigation of the globe by balloon after flying about 29,000 miles in the Breitling Orbiter 3, a 180-foot tall helium-powered balloon. Shortly after takeoff they picked up a high-altitude jet stream and travelled east across Africa, Asia, the Pacific ocean, Central America, the Atlantic Ocean, and back to Mauritania.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Walt Poddubny, 49
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Poddubny, a native of Thunder Bay, Ontario, played with the Edmonton Oilers (1981-82); Toronto Maple Leafs (1982-86); New York Rangers (1986-88); Quebec Nordiques (1988-89); and New Jersey Devils (1989-92), scoring 422 points on 184 goals and 238 assists in 468 regular season games and 7 goals and 2 assists in 19 playoff games, with most of his points coming during his years with the Rangers and Nordiques. Knee injuries shortened Mr. Poddubny's career, and he played with several European and minor league teams from 1992-95. He turned to coaching after his playing days, first in roller hockey and then as head coach of the Daytona Beach Breakers of the Southern Hockey League (1995-96) and the Anchorage Aces of the West Coast Hockey League (1996-2002), leading the Aces to the league finals in his first season. Mr. Poddubny died of a heart attack at his sister's house in Thunder Bay.

Four police officers were shot and killed and a fifth was wounded in two shootings in Oakland, California.

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