Wednesday, 13 January 2021

January 13, 2021

425 years ago

Born on this date
Jan van Goyen
. Dutch artist. Mr. van Goyen was a landscape painter who produced more than 1,200 paintings. He died on April 27, 1656 at the age of 60.

330 years ago

Died on this date
George Fox, 66
. English religious leader. Mr. Fox was a dissenter from the Church of England who founded the Religious Society of Friends, popularly known as Quakers, in the late 1640s. His beliefs, such as the equality of women in being qualified for preaching, resulted in persecution and imprisonment on several occasions.

120 years ago

Born on this date
A.B. Guthrie, Jr.
. U.S. author. Mr. Guthrie won the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for his novel The Way West. He died on April 26, 1991 at the age of 90.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Joh Bjelke-Petersen
. N.Z.-born Australian politician. Sir Joh moved with his family to Queensland at the age of 2, and was a farmer before entering politics. He represented Nanango--renamed Barambah in 1950--in the Queensland legislative assembly from 1947-1987 as a member of the Country Party, which became the National Party in 1974. Sir Joh became a cabinet minister in 1963, and succeeded the late Jack Pizzey as Country Party leader and Premier of Queensland in 1968, leading a coalition government with the Liberal Party. He presided over seven straight state election wins from 1969-1986, aided by a proportionment of seats that favoured rural constituencies despite their smaller populations. Sir Joh became known as "The Hillbilly Dictator" for his use of force against demonstrators, but revelations of institutional corruption led to his forced resignation on December 1, 1987. He died on April 23, 2005 at the age of 94.

80 years ago

Died on this date
James Joyce, 58
. Irish drunkard. Mr. Joyce was known for his incomprehensible novels Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake (1939), the former of which, according to noted Canadian educator George Milner, seemed to be a story about a drunk who couldn’t find his way home.

General Ugo Cavallero was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Italian forces in Albania.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau said that the United Kingdom was ready to negotiate sales of direct British investments in the United States to pay for war purchases until the Lend-Lease bill was passed by the United States Congress. U.S. Representative Kenneth Simpson (Republican--New York) introduced a substitute Lend-Lease bill, placing a two-year limit on presidential powers. A meeting of 20,000 Communists and sympathizers in New York passed a resolution denouncing Lend-Lease.

Politics and government
Matthew Neely, sworn in as Governor of West Virginia in a secret midnight ceremony, appointed Joseph Rosier to fill his unexpired term in the United States Senate.

Striking Congress of Industrial Organizations-United Auto Workers clashed with non-strikers at the Wilcox-Rich plant of Eaton Manufacturing Company in Saginaw, Michigan.

Anton Christoforidis (43-9-7) of Greece won a unanimous 15-round decision over Melio Bettina (52-11-2) at Cleveland Arena to win the National Boxing Association world light heavyweight title. The NBA had ruled that Billy Conn had relinquished the title by not fighting in the previous six months and by signing to challenge Joe Louis for the heavyweight title.

75 years ago

The New York Herald Tribune reported that The Black Rose by Thomas B. Costain was the bestselling fiction book, and The Egg and I by Betty MacDonald was the bestselling non-fiction book.

Ante Pavelich, leader of the Croatian fascist organization Ustashe, went on trial in Yugoslavia with 27 Germans and 14 Croatians for war crimes during World War II.

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreaou denounced fascism and demanded the return of the Dodecanese Islands and Northern Epirus as six major political parties met in Athens.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered the Japanese government to hold elections for the new House of Representatives "not earlier" than March 15, 1946 so that approximately 1,000 candidates could be investigated.

Demonstrations by American soldiers against the slow process of demobilization were held in Paris, Frankfurt, and Calcutta.

U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz announced plans for a postwar Navy of seven fleets.

The U.S. United Auto Workers accepted the U.S. government fact-finding committee's recommendation of a 17.5% raise, and urged U.S. President Harry Truman to persuade General Motors to do likewise.

Texas Company and United Oil Workers agreed on an 18% pay raise package recommended by the U.S. government fact-finding board.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Goodnight Irene--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page (3rd week at #1)
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Jo Stafford
2 The Thing--Phil Harris
3 Harbor Lights--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
4 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
5 A Bushel and a Peck--Perry Como and Betty Hutton
--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
6 Nevertheless (I’m in Love with You)--Paul Weston and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
7 Thinking of You--Don Cherry
--Eddie Fisher
8 All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page
--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Bing Crosby
9 Oh, Babe!--Kay Starr
--Louis Prima and Keely Smith
10 To Think You’ve Chosen Me--Eddy Howard

Singles entering the chart were So Long, Sally (#27), with versions by Perry Como; and Jan Garber and his Orchestra; Time Out for Tears (#28), with versions by Nat "King" Cole; and the Ink Spots; The Sea of the Moon by Tony Martin (#29); It is No Secret by Bill Kenny and the Song Spinners (#31); Use Your Imagination by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#34); and So Long (It’s Been Good to Know Yuh) by Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers (#37).

The Battle of Vĩnh Yên began in Vietnam between the French Union and the Việt Minh.

London sources reported that a type A influenza epidemic had caused at least 458 deaths in Great Britain during the past week, with the Liverpool-Newcastle area hardest hit.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Back There, starring Russell Johnson

This episode featured an original score composed by Jerry Goldsmith, parts of which were used in later episodes of this and other series. A recording of this score appeared on the album The Twilight Zone: The Original Television Scores, Volume Three, released on the Varese Sarabande label in 1983.

A U.S. Federal District Court ordered the University of Georgia to reinstate freshmen Charlayne Hunter, 18, and Hamilton Holmes, 19, the first Negro students to register at the university, who had been suspended the previous day for "their personal safety" after rioting students had laid siege to the dormitory in which Miss Hunter resided.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Grandad--Clive Dunn (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Rod Serling’s Night Gallery, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: Pamela’s Voice, starring Phyllis Diller and John Astin; Lone Survivor, starring John Colicos and Torin Thatcher; The Doll, starring John Williams, Shani Wallis, and Henry Silva

Died on this date
Robert Still, 60
. U.K. composer and teacher. Mr. Still was a composer of tonal music, who made strong use of dissonance. His wrote four symphonies, orchestral works, and chamber music. Mr. Still taught at Eton College before World War II, and gave private lessons in later years. He died of a heart attack.

The Detroit Red Wings traded left wing Frank Mahovlich to the Montreal Canadiens for right wings Mickey Redmond and Bill Collins and centre Guy Charron. In 35 games with the Red Wings in 1970-71, Mr. Mahovlich had recorded 14 goals and 18 assists. Mr. Redmond had 14 goals and 16 assists in 40 games with the Canadiens that year, while Mr. Collins, who had been obtained in an off-season trade with the Minnesota North Stars, had scored 6 goals and 2 assists in 40 games with Montreal, and Mr. Charron had scored 2 goals and 2 assists in 15 games with the Canadiens that season.

40 years ago

More than 500 people had been killed in fighting between leftist guerrillas and government troops in San Salvador in the previous three days, and the guerrillas were attacking other cities in El Salvador.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Sadeness Part I--Enigma (5th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Sadeness Part I--Enigma (6th week at #1)
2 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
3 Keep on Running--Milli Vanilli
4 Crazy for You--David Hasselhoff
5 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
6 The Joker--Steve Miller Band
7 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
8 I'll Be Your Baby Tonight--Robert Palmer and UB40
9 Fantasy--Black Box
10 The Invisible Man--Dance with a Stranger

Singles entering the chart were To Love Somebody by Jimmy Somerville (#19); Justify My Love by Madonna (#23); and Freedom for the World by David Hasselhoff (#30).

14 civilians were killed and more than 140 injured as the Soviet military continued its attack on the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius.

United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met with Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein in Baghdad, but failed to persuade him to remove his forces from Kuwait.

Edmonton 5 @ Philadelphia 3

Mark Messier of the Oilers scored his 1,000th career National Hockey League point in their win over the Flyers at the Spectrum.

NFC Divisional Playoff
Chicago 3 @ New York Giants 31

Jeff Hostetler, playing in place of regular starting quarterback Phil Simms, completed 10 of 17 passes for 122 yards and touchdowns to Stephen Baker and Howard Cross, while rushng for 43 yards and a touchdown of his own, as the Giants routed the Bears before 77,025 fans at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey. New York running back Rodney Hampton suffered a season-ending broken leg.

AFC Divisional Playoff
Cincinnati 10 @ Los Angeles Raiders 20

Jay Schroeder completed a 41-yard touchdown bomb to Ethan Horton and Jeff Jaeger converted and added a 25-yard field goal as the Raiders scored 10 straight points in the 4th quarter to break a 10-10 tie and defeat the Bengals before 92,045 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Marcus Allen led the Raiders with 140 yards rushing and Bo Jackson added 77 on just 6 carries, but when he was tackled by Cincinnati linebacker Kevin Walker at the end of a 34-yard run early in the 3rd quarter, he suffered a hip injury that ended his football career.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (13th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Knockin'--Double Vision (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ademnood--Linda, Roos & Jessica (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Earth Song--Michael Jackson (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (7th week at #1)
2 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
3 Hey Lover--LL Cool J
4 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
5 Diggin' on You--TLC
6 Breakfast at Tiffany's--Deep Blue Something
7 Fantasy--Mariah Carey
8 Before You Walk Out of My Life/Like This and Like That--Monica
9 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
10 Missing--Everything But the Girl

Singles entering the chart were Visions of a Sunset by Shawn Stockman (#70); and Celebration/Take Your Chance by Fun Factory (#99). Visions of a Sunset was from the movie Mr. Holland's Opus (1995).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (6th week at #1)

Miami 65 @ Vancouver 69

The Grizzlies overcame a 41-32 halftime deficit to defeat the Heat before 17,532 fans at Pacific Coliseum in the third-lowest scoring National Basketball Association game since the introduction of the 24-second clock in 1954-55. Miami scored only 24 points in the second half, tying the NBA record low shared by Milwaukee and Chicago. Greg Anthony of the Grizzlies led all scorers with 21 points.

20 years ago

More than 1,000 people were feared dead after an earthquake struck San Salvador.

At least 10,000 monkeys had overrun Indian government offices in New Delhi, and were threatening workers, stealing equipment, and destroying documents.

10 years ago

The U.S. retailer Target announced that they would pay up to $1.83 billion to take over leases of up to 220 Zellers stores in Canada owned by the Hudson's Bay Company.

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