Thursday, 28 January 2021

January 29, 2021

1,360 years ago

Died on this date
Ali, 59
. Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, 656-661. Ali, a native of Mecca and the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, was the first male who accepted Islam under Muhammad, and became the 1st Imam of Shia Islam in 632. Ali died three days after being attacked with a poisoned sword wielded by Kharijite Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam, while Ali was praying in the Great Mosque of Kufa. Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam was executed three days later. Ali is regarded by Shia Muslims as the rightful successor to Muhammad as caliph. Upon his death, Kufi Muslims pledged allegiance to his eldest son Hasan without dispute.

1,075 years ago

World events
Caliph Al-Mustakfi was blinded and deposed by Emir Mu'izz al-Dawla, ruler of the Buyid Empire. Al-Mustakfi was succeeded by Al-Muti as caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate.

310 years ago

Born on this date
Giuseppe Bonno
. Austrian composer. Mr. Bonno composed a number of operas and oratorios, largely forgotten today. He died on April 15, 1788 at the age of 77.

260 years ago

Born on this date
Albert Gallatin
. Swiss-born U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Gallatin, a native of Geneva, moved to the United States in the 1780s and settled in Pennsylvania. He was an ethnologist and linguist who, as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, represented Pennsylvania in the U.S. Senate (1793-1794) and represented the state's 12th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1795-1801). He was United States Secretary of the Treasury (1801-1814), taking the last nine months of his time in office off to go to St. Petersburg as one of four American commissioners who were trying to negotiate an end to the War of 1812. Mr. Gallatin was U.S. Minister to France (1816-1823) and the United Kingdom (1826-1827). He became president of the National Bank of New York in 1829, and helped to found New York University in 1831. Mr. Gallatin died on August 12, 1849 at the age of 88.

225 years ago

Upper Canada Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe officially opened Yonge Street, naming it after his friend Sir George Yonge, an expert on ancient Roman roads and British Secretary at War (1782–1783, 1783–1794).

160 years ago

Born on this date
Florida Ruffin Ridley
. U.S. civil rights activist and journalist. Mrs. Ridley was active in supporting Negro civil rights in Boston. She wrote about civil rights in New England, and contributed to various publications; she edited The New Era, the first American newspaper published by and for Negro women. Mrs. Ridley died on February 25, 1943, 27 days after her 82nd birthday.

Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state; it entered as a free state at a time when slave states in the south were threatening secession.

130 years ago

World events
Liliuokalani was proclaimed the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Allen B. DuMont
. U.S. engineer and television magnate. Mr. DuMont invented several electronic devices, but was best known for devising improvements to the cathode ray tube for use in television sets. Mr. DuMont issued the Model 180 in June 1938, which was the first all-electronic television set available to the public. He founded the DuMont Television Network, which broadcast from 1942-1956. Mr. DuMont became television's first millionaire; he died on November 14, 1965 at the age of 64.

E.P. Taylor. Canadian businessman and horse breeder. Edward Plunket Taylor, a native of Ottawa, was successful in developing businesses and getting others to buy them; he was particularly known as a brewery magnate. Mr. Taylor founded Argus Corporation in 1945, which became Canada's largest holding company in the 1960s and '70s. He began breeding horses in the 1950s, and purchased the property in Oshawa, Ontario that eventually became Windfields Farm. Mr. Taylor's horses won 15 Queen's Plates, with Northern Dancer winning that race in 1964 as well as the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes. Mr. Taylor was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1974. He moved to the Bahamas in 1963, and died on May 14, 1989 at the age of 88.

Stanley Cup challenge
Winnipeg Victoria 4 @ Montreal Shamrocks 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-three series 1-0)

The Shamrocks were the defending champions.

110 years ago

Mexicali was captured by forces of the Mexican Liberal Party led by José María Leyva, igniting the Magonista rebellion of 1911.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Ioannas Metaxas, 69
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1936-1941. Lieutenant General Metaxas was a member of the Freethinkers' Party from 1922-1936; he governed constitutionally for the first four months of his tenure, but governed after that as the dictator of the 4th of August regime. He was succeded as Prime Minister by Alexandros Koryzis.

Japanese, French, and Thai representatives began armistice negotiations to stop border hostilities between Thailand and Indochina.

Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka stated his hope that the appointment of Nobumasa Nomura as Japanese Ambassador to the United States would improve relations between the countries.

Secret U.S.-U.K. military staff talks began in Washington. The U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee adopted amendments to the Lend-Lease bill limiting the bill to June 30, 1943, and barring convoying by the U.S. Navy. The Senate passed the $909-million authorization for Navy expansion, and sent the bill to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Politics and government
The Vichy French government announced the creation of a 40-man national committee called Rassemblement National to replace the old political parties.

Cuban President Fulgencio Batista signed a decree making totalitarian propaganda in Cuba illegal.

A third International Harvester Company plant working on U.S. defense orders was closed by the Congress of Industrial Organizations Farm Equipment Workers strike. U.S. Representative Carl Vinson (Democrat--Georgia) introduced a bill to bar strikes and closed shops on naval defense projects.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Harry Hopkins, 55
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hopkins was United States Secretary of Commerce in the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1938-1940, but was better known as one of Mr. Roosevelt's closest advisers. He was a key figure in the $50-billion Lend-Lease program of aid to the Allies before the entry of the United States into World War II, and served as President Roosevelt's personal envoy to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Mr. Hopkins died after a seven-year battle with stomach cancer.

At the trial in Nuremburg of accused Nazi war criminals, secret documents revealed that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and the Vatican knew in advance of the July 1944 assassination plot against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. At the hearings of the United States Senate committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, evidence from U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters was introduced stating that no Japanese "witness" had confirmed that a "winds code" message had been sent prior to the attack to indicate war against the United States.

Retiring U.S. Army Ordnance Chief Lieutenant General Levin Campbell said that the Army now had a rocket that reached a height of 50 miles.

Norwegian Foreign Minister Trygve Lie nominated by the United Nations Security Council to be the UN's first Secretary-General, after the U.S.S.R. threatened to veto the U.S. choice, Lester Pearson of Canada.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes confirmed the Soviet claim that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, at the Yalta Conference in 1945, had agreed to let the U.S.S.R. have the Kurile Islands, southern Sakhalin, and a small adjacent island.

Politics and government
French Prime Minister Félix Gouin received a vote of confidence from the Constituent Assembly after he outlined a severe austerity program to check inflation.

Chilean cabinet ministers Eduardo Frei and Enrique Arraigada resigned when President Admiral Vincente Merino Bielich ordered the arrest of all Federation of Labour leaders after the previous day's clash in Santiago between police and members of the Workers Federation.

An Australian government scientist reported that noise waves generated by the Sun had been recorded with radar.

British Overseas Airways Corporation announced plans for worldwide service, with daily flights to New York.

Economics and finance
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Herbert Lehman reinstated General Morgan as German chief after several "long and searching" talks.

Justice Ivan Rand of the Supreme Court of Canada issued the Rand Formula, denying the United Auto Workers' demand for a union shop, and making the union liable to penalties payable from union dues in the event of an illegal strike, but providing for compulsory checkoff of union dues for all employees whether they were union members or not. On December 13, 1945, Justice Rand had persuaded the UAW and Ford Motor Company of Canada to agree to binding arbitration, ending their strike.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to return the United States Employment Service to the states by June 30, 1946. Rep. Francis Case (Republican--North Dakota) introduced a new bill to set up mediation boards; enforce "cooling off" periods; outlaw boycotts and sympathy strikes; and authorize court injunctions.

The Canadian racing schooner Bluenose, working as a banana freighter, sank the day after striking a reef off Haiti; the crew of eight all escape the sinking. The news reached Halifax on January 30, and was first reported in the newspapers on the morning of January 31.

70 years ago

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, read by Laidman Browne, on BBC
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 2

Died on this date
José Gómez Mena
. Cuban businessman. Mr. Gómez was a wealthy sugar planter and society leader. He was shot to death in Havana by a former sugar mill foreman.

Divorced on this date
Actress Elizabeth Taylor, 18, divorced hotel heir Nicky Hilton, 24, in Hollywood.

U.S. President Harry Truman and French Prime Minister Rene Pleven began two days of talks in Washington, concentrating on European defense problems and Indochina.

U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced an increase in Britain's defense budget for the next three years, raising total military expenditures to $13.1 billion.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Price Stabilization Office opened 13 regioal and 42 district branch offices throughout the country to begin local administration of price controls.

Rocky Marciano (32-0) scored a technical knockout over Keene Simmons (8-9-1) at 2:54 of the 8th round of a heavyweight bout at Rhode Island Auditorium in Providence.

60 years ago

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Dies!

Brazilian President-elect Janio Quadros, scheduled to take office two days later, said that he would grant asylum to the pirates led by former Portuguese army captain Hector Galvao who had been holding almost 1,000 people hostage aboard the Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria in the Atlantic Ocean for a week.

Track and field
Valery Brumel of the U.S.S.R. set a world record in the high jump at 7 feet 4½ inches at a meet in Leningrad. John Thomas of the United States held the previous record of 7 feet 2½ inches. Mr. Thomas was at a meet in Boston when he got word of Mr. Brumel’s feat; Mr. Thomas then jumped 7 feet 3 inches.

Figure skating
Laurence Owen won the gold medal in the women's singles competition at the U.S.Championships at World Arena in Colorado Springs. Stephanie Westerfeld won the silver medal, and Rhode Lee Michelson won the bronze medal.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Look Out Here Comes Tomorrow--The Dealians (3rd week at #1)
2 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
3 Looky Looky--Giorgio
4 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
7 Zanzibar--Wanda Arletti
8 Knock Three Times--Dawn
9 San Bernadino--Christie
10 No Matter What--Badfinger

The only single entering the chart was There's a Light, There's a Way by the Invaders (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Lonely Days-- Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)
2 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
3 Love the One You're With--Stephen Stills
4 Your Song--Elton John
5 Knock Three Times--Dawn
6 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
7 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
8 Knock Three Times--Dawn
9 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
10 Bridget the Midget (The Queen of the Blues)--Ray Stevens

Singles entering the chart were Hang on to Your Life/Do You Miss Me Darlin' by the Guess Who (#26); Watching Scotty Grow (#27); Temptation Eyes (#28); and Dickens by Leigh Ashford (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds (2nd week at #1)
2 Lonely Days-- Bee Gees
3 Your Song--Elton John
4 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
5 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
6 Love the One You're With--Stephen Stills
7 Apeman--The Kinks
8 If I were Your Woman--Gladys Knight & the Pips
9 Remember Me--Diana Ross
10 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins

Singles entering the chart were Woodstock by Matthews' Southern Comfort (#24); Mama Pearl by the Jackson 5 (#27); Do You Know What You are Doing? by Terry Bush (#28); and Fresh as a Daisy by Emitt Rhodes (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison (6th week at #1)
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
4 Your Song--Elton John
5 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
6 For the Good Times--Ray Price
7 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
8 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
9 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
10 Silver Moon--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Tasha

Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau returned home after a 24-day Asian tour, which included his participation in the Singapore conference of Commonwealth heads of government.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Richard Nixon submitted an "expansionary but not inflationary" budget of $229.2 billion to Congress for fiscal 1972.

40 years ago

Politics and government
Ronald Reagan held, in Washington, his first press conference as President of the United States. He ordered a 60-day freeze on pending government regulations and announced the elimination of the Council on Wage and Price Stability, the federal agency that had monitored wage and price increases for six years. He repeated his support for a 30% cut in personal tax rates and the elimination of the federal departments of energy and education.

30 years ago

Iraqi troops seized the Saudi Arabian town of Al Khafji. In his State of the Union speech, U.S. President George Bush emphasized that the liberation of Kuwait was the purpose of the Gulf War, not to being about "the destruction of Iraq, its culture, or its people." U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Aleksandr Bessmertnykh issued a statement in Washington which held out the possibility of a cease-fire if Iraq left Kuwait.

Politics and government
U.S. President George Bush delivered his annual State of the Union address to Congress.

A Quebec Liberal Party committee headed by Quebec City lawyer Jean Allaire issued its report, demanding that Quebec be given far-reaching powers and exclusive control over a wide range of areas, including communications, energy, the environment, agriculture, and regional development. The report also called for the abolition of Canada’s Senate and a new constitution with an amending formula that would include a veto for Quebec. Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa accepted the thrust of the report. Ontario Premier Bob Rae expressed concern that a call for such a transfer of federal powers represented a "dismantling of the country." Separatist leaders reacted negatively to the report, while Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was cautious in his reaction, calling the report a "working document." Mr. Bourassa had created the committee in February 1990 in anticipation of the rejection of the Meech Lake accord.

African National Congress Deputy President Nelson Mandela and Inkatha Freedom Party President Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi met for the first time in 30 years in an attempt to end the violence between the South African anti-apartheid groups that had claimed 5,000 lives since they had split in 1979.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Jesus to a Child--George Michael (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (8th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (2nd week at #1)
2 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
3 Beautiful Life--Ace of Base
4 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
5 You'll See--Madonna
6 When Love and Hate Collide--Def Leppard
7 Time--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Free as a Bird--The Beatles
9 Hand in My Pocket--Alanis Morissette
10 Breakfast at Tiffany's--Deep Blue Something

Singles entering the chart were Rosealia by Better than Ezra (#86); Promise by Victor (#87); Oh Shelley by Barney Bentall (#88); Swing Street by Bruce Hornsby (#89); Times Change by Jay Semko (#90); Wonder by Natalie Merchant (#92); Sleepy Maggie by Ashley MacIsaac (#93); and Cover You in Oil by AC/DC (#98).

Shania Twain was named best new country artist at the American Music Awards in Los Angeles.

In response to international protests, French President Jacques Chirac announced a "definitive end" to French nuclear weapons testing, cancelling the last two scheduled tests.

Politics and government
Lucien Bouchard took office as Premier of Québec, replacing Jacques Parizeau. Mr. Bouchard, who had resigned as leader of the federal Bloc Québecois to move into provincial politics, was replaced by Michel Gauthier as interim leader of the BQ. Premier Bouchard also announced his cabinet.

The Ontario Provincial Parliament passed a bill giving the provincial government sweeping powers to overhaul fiscal policy and social services.

20 years ago

Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia stormed Parliament and demanded that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign because of alleged involvement in corruption scandals.

Politics and government
The United States Senate approved Elaine Chao as Secretary of Labor in the administration of President George W. Bush.

Peter Milliken (Liberal--Kingston and the Islands) was elected the new Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons after five rounds of voting.

Economics and finance
The Toronto Stock Exchange allowed stocks greater than $5 in value to trade at 1-cent increments instead of at 5-cent increments.

Canada 3000 announced that it would acquire and merge with rival Royal Aviation in an $82-million all-stock deal; the new Canada 3000 Airlines would continue low-fare domestic and international routes.

Winnipeg-based Investors Group announced that it would acquire Toronto-based Mackenzie Financial Corporation for $4.15 billion, creating Canada's largest mutual fund company.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Milton Babbitt, 94
. U.S. composer and teacher. Mr. Babbitt spent many years with the music faculty of Princeton University, and taught mathematics there from 1943-1945. He joined the faculty of the Juilliard School in 1973. Mr. Babbitt was particularly noted for his serial and electronic music in a career that began as a child and continued for more than 80 years.

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