Friday, 5 February 2021

February 6, 2021

410 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of China, 1627-1644. Chongzhen, born Zhu Youjian, was the fifth son of Emperor Taichang, and succeeded his elder brother Tiangqi on the throne. Emperor Chongzhen battled peasant rebellions, but was unable to defend the northern frontier against Manchu forces, and on April 25, 1644, at the age of 33, committed suicide when they reached Beijing, ending the Ming dynasty. The Manchu then formed the succeeding Qing dynasty.

240 years ago

Born on this date
John Keane, 1st Baron Keane
. U.K. military officer and politician. Lieutenant General Keane, a native of Ireland, served with the British Army for almost 50 years, climaxing his career as Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army (1834-1840). He served as colonial Governor of Saint Lucia (1818-1819), and was elevated to the peerage in 1839. Baron Keane died on August 24, 1844 at the age of 63.

210 years ago

Born on this date
Henry Liddell
. U.K. clergyman and academic. Rev. Liddell was ordained a Church of England minister in 1838. He was headmaster at Westminster School (1846-1855); Dean of Christ Church, Oxford (1855-1891); and Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University (1870-1874). He wrote A History of Rome from the Earliest Times to the Establishment of the Empire (1855), and, with Robert Scott, co-authored A Greek-English Lexicon (1843). Rev. Liddell died on January 18, 1898, 19 days before his 87th birthday.

170 years ago

The largest Australian bushfires in a populous region in recorded history took place in the state of Victoria on Black Thursday. 12 people died, as well as a million sheep and thousands of cattle and native animals.

150 years ago

Otago Girls’ High School opened in New Zealand as the first public girls’ secondary school in the Southern Hemisphere.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Ben Lyon
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lyon was a leading man in movies in the 1920s and '30s, and was best known for his starring roles in Flaming Youth (1923) and Hell's Angels (1930). He moved to England in the early 1940s, and enjoyed a successful career there in radio and television. Mr. Lyon died of a heart attack while travelling aboard the cruise ship Queen Elizabeth 2 on March 22, 1979 at the age of 78.

Politics and government
Robert Borden was chosen as leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, replacing former Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper as Leader of the Opposition.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Ronald Reagan
. 40th President of the United States of America, 1981-1989. Mr. Reagan was a well-known actor in movies such as Knute Rockne, All American (1940) and Kings Row (1942), and served seven terms as president of the Screen Actors Guild. Originally a member of the Democratic Party, he switched to the Republicans, and was Governor of California from 1967-1975. After two unsuccessful attempts at winning the Republican nomination for President of the United States, Mr. Reagan was successful in 1980, and handily defeated incumbent President Jimmy Carter in that year's election. Mr. Reagan survived an assassination attempt early in his presidency, and went on to successfully prosecute the Cold War with the U.S.S.R., while adopting policies that led to an improvement in the American economy. When Mr. Reagan left the White House in 1989, he left the world a more peaceful place than when he became President--exactly the opposite of the prediction of many of his critics. Mr. Reagan died on June 5, 2004 at the age of 93, after a long battle with Alzheimer's disease. Mister, we could use a man like Ronald Reagan again.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Carl Neumann Degler
. U.S. historian. Dr. Degler taught at Vassar College (1952-1968) and Stanford University (1968-1990), and was President of the American Historical Association (1986). His books included Out of Our Past: The Forces That Shaped Modern America (1959) and Neither Black Nor White: Slavery and Race Relations in Brazil and the United States (1971), the latter of which won the Pulizter Prize for History. Dr. Degler died on December 27, 2014 at the age of 93.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Motilal Nehru, 69
. Indian politician. Mr. Nehru was a lawyer and journalist before entering politics. He was President of the Indian National Congress (1919-1920, 1928-1929), and chaired the Nehru Commission (1928), a memorandum to appeal for a new dominion status and a federal set-up of government for the constitution of India. Mr. Nehru died after years of declining health; his son Jawaharlal served as the first Prime Minister of independent India (1947-1964).

80 years ago

British and Australian troops commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Archibald Wavell captured Benghazi, Libya.

The Lorne Scots (Peel Dufferin and Halton Regiment) were founded as a unit of the Canadian Army in Brampton, Ontario.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted 148-141 for an amendment to the Lend-Lease bill giving Congress the power to repeal it by a simple majority vote.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated John G. Winant as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura arrived in San Francisco.

The River Plate Conference ended in Montevideo with the five participating Latin American nations agreeing on economic matters and signing 26 regional pacts.

The government of Romania decreed a new criminal code which doubled prison terms for Communists, Jews, and non-Romanians.

U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox listed 127 strikes in defense industries during 1940, with 100 now settled.

U.S. food and drug commissioner W.G. Campbell reported that there was no known substance which could be relied upon to cure colds.

75 years ago

At the trial in Manila of accused Japanese war criminals, Japanese Army Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma admitted "moral" responsibility for the acts of his subordinates and for giving the order for the Bataan "death march."

The United Nations Security Council closed the Greek issue after Soviet representative Andrey Vishinsky withdrew the U.S.S.R. charge that British troops in Greece were endangering world peace, and U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin withdrew his request that the Council acquit Britain of the accusation.

Sarawak, a privately-owned dominion in northern Borneo rich in oil and other raw materials, was ceded to Britain by "White Rajah" sir Charles Brooke.

The United Nations General Assembly and Security Council elected 15 jurists to serve on the new International Court of Justice.

Reuters reported from Rome that astronomers at Castel Gandolfo Observatory had discovered a new comet twice as big as the Sun.

Economics and finance
All 18 nations attending a United Maritime Authority conference in London agreed on cooperative action to meet the shipping needs of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

In putting into effect a food conservation program, U.S. President Harry Truman warned that the world faced a food crisis unprecedented in modern times.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Night Break, starring Anne Bancroft, E.G. Marshall, and Jane Seymour

Died on this date
Gabby Street, 68
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Charles Evard Street, nicknamed "The Old Sarge," was a catcher with the Cincinnati Reds (1904-1905); Boston Beaneaters (1905); Washington Nationals (1908-1911); New York Highlanders (1912); and St. Louis Cardinals (1931), batting .208 with 2 home runs and 105 runs batted in in 502 games. On August 21, 1908, he caught a ball dropped 555 feet from the Washington Monument. Mr. Street managed the Cardinals for 1 game in 1929 and from 1930-1933, leading them to the National League pennant in 1930 and the World Series championship in 1931, coming out of retirement to play a few innings in one game in 1931. He managed in the minor leagues before returning to the major leagues with the St. Louis Browns (1938), leading them to a 53-90 record, bringing his major league record to 365-332. Mr. Street provided colour commentary on radio broadcasts of Cardinals games after World War II, overcame cancer, but died of heart failure.

The 2nd Battalion of Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry became a component of the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade of the IX Corps in the 8th US Army, becoming the first Canadian infantry unit to take part in the Korean War.

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission concluded its Operation Ranger series of atomic tests in Nevada, reporting that it was "completely satisfied" with the results.

Economics and finance
U.S. Economic Stabilization Agency Director Eric Johnston settled a dispute over price control enforcement by assigning civil as well as criminal prosecutions to the Justice Department.

The Broker, a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train, derailed near Woodbridge Township, New Jersey. The accident killed 85 people and injured over 500 more in one of the worst rail disasters in American history.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Greenfields--The Brothers Four (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, je ne regrette rien--Édith Piaf (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Shirelles (2nd week at #1)
2 Calcutta--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
3 Exodus--Ferrante and Teicher
4 Shop Around--The Miracles
5 Calendar Girl--Neil Sedaka
6 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
7 Angel Baby--Rosie and the Originals
8 Emotions--Brenda Lee
9 My Empty Arms--Jackie Wilson
10 Rubber Ball--Bobby Vee

Singles entering the chart were Little Boy Sad by Johnny Burnette (#66); Walk Right Back by the Everly Brothers (#71); Wheels by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#73); Your Friends by Dee Clark (#79); The Most Beautiful Words by Della Reese (#81); Havin' Fun by Dion (#86); Model Girl by Johnny Maestro (#90); Keep Your Hands Off of Him by Damita Jo (#92); Lazy River by Bobby Darin (#94); Once Upon a Time by Rochell and the Candles with Johnny Wyatt (#95); Calcutta by the Four Preps (#96); For My Baby by Brook Benton (#97); Cerveza by Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra (#98); Cowboy Jimmy Joe (Die Sterne der Prarie) by Lolita (#99); and Don't Let Him Shop Around by Debbie Dean (#100). Don't Let Him Shop Around was an "answer" to Shop Around.

After an off-the-record briefing by U.S. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, Washington correspondents reported that studies by the administration of President John F. Kennedy had indicated that there was no "missile gap" in favour of the Soviet Union.

Seven executives of some of the U.S.A.’s largest electrical manufacturing companies were given 30-day jail sentences by Federal District Judge J. Cullen Ganey in Philadelphia for violation of anti-trust laws. Judge Ganey gave suspended sentences to 25 other electrical company executives and fined 12 more. All of the individuals and the 29 companies involved had pleaded guilty or no defense to charges of price-fixing and rigging of bids on heavy electrical equipment, sales of which totalled $1.75 billion annually. Fines totalling $1,787,000 were levied against the corporations--the largest were $437,500 against General Electric and $372,500 against Westinghouse--and $137,500 against the individuals. The case was described by the government as the largest of all criminal anti-trust cases. Judge Ganey said it involved "virtually every large manufacturer of electrical equipment in the industry" and was "a shocking indictment of a vast section of our economy."

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Yo Yo--Chris Andrews (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Vent'anni--Massimo Ranieri (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison (2nd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
3 The Pushbike Song--The Mixtures
4 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
5 Eleanor Rigby--Zoot
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 Knock Three Times--Dawn
8 You Don't Have To Say You Love Me/Patch it Up--Elvis Presley
9 Mr. America--Russell Morris
10 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers

Singles entering the chart were Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is? by Chicago (#45); Because I Love You by Masters Apprentices (#47); Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#48); Apeman by the Kinks (#51); He Ain't Heavy...He's My Brother by Neil Diamond (#59); and Immigrant Song by Led Zeppelin (#50).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Nothing Rhymed--Gilbert O'Sullivan (2nd week at #1)
2 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
3 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
4 Peace Planet (Badinerie from suite no. 2 - J.S.Bach)--Ekseption
5 Rozie die Bloeien--Corry en de Rekels
6 Knock Three Times--Dawn
7 Hans Brinker Symphony--Holland
8 Bridget the Midget--Ray Stevens
9 Yesterday, When I was Young--Charles Aznavour
10 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds

Singles entering the chart were Holy Holy Life by Golden Earring (#14); Du by Peter Maffray (#19); Have You Ever Seen the Rain/Hey Tonight by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#21); Lucky Man by E.L.P. (#25); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#33); October 26 by Pretty Things (#36); Butterfly by Danyel Gerard (#39); and Eva Magdalena by D.C. Lewis (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Knock Three Times--Dawn (3rd week at #1)
2 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
3 My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
4 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
5 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
6 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
7 Groove Me--King Floyd
8 Your Song--Elton John
9 One Less Bell to Answer--The 5th Dimension
10 If I were Your Woman--Gladys Knight & the Pips

Singles entering the chart were She's a Lady by Tom Jones (#60); Whole Lotta Love by C.C. S. (#64); Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me) by the Temptations (#71); Blue Money by Van Morrison (#79); Country Road by James Taylor (#81); Keep the Customer Satisfied by Gary Puckett (#85); For All We Know by the Carpenters (#87); (Where Do I Begin) Love Story by Andy Williams (#88); The Glory of Love by the Dells (#92); Angel Baby by Dusk (#93); Carolina Day by Livingston Taylor (#94); Medley from "Superstar" by the Assembled Multitude (#95); Didn't it Look So Easy by the Stairsteps (#96); and Heavy Makes You Happy (Sha-Na-Boom Boom) by the Staple Singers (#97). For All We Knowwas a version of the song from the movie Lovers and Other Strangers (1970), which went on to win the Academy Award for Best Original Song. (Where Do I Begin) Love Story was a vocal version of the theme from the movie Love Story (1970). Medley from "Superstar" was a medley of songs from the rock opera Jesus Christ Superstar (1970).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
4 Groove Me--King Floyd
5 If I were Your Woman--Gladys Knight & the Pips
6 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
7 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
8 Stoney End--Barbra Streisand
9 Remember Me--Diana Ross
10 Your Song--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were Doesn't Somebody Want to Be Wanted by the Partridge Family (#45); For All We Know by the Carpenters (#48); Cried Like a Baby by Bobby Sherman (#61); Country Road by James Taylor (#73); Ain't it a Sad Thing by R. Dean Taylor (#85); Lonely Teardrops by Brian Hyland (#86); Cherish What is Dear to You (While it's Near to You) by Freda Payne (#88); The Morning of Our Lives by Arkade (#92); (Where Do I Begin) Love Story by Andy Williams (#94); Blue Money by Van Morrison (#98); One Toke Over the Line by Brewer and Shipley (#99); and After the Fire is Gone by Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
4 My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
5 Groove Me--King Floyd
6 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
7 Your Song--Elton John
8 If I were Your Woman--Gladys Knight & the Pips
9 Mama's Pearl--The Jackson 5
10 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds

Singles entering the chart included Have You Ever Seen the Rain/Hey Tonight by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#40); Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me) by the Temptations (#59); For All We Know by the Carpenters (#75); Cried Like a Baby by Bobby Sherman (#79); She's a Lady by Tom Jones (#84); Doesn't Somebody Want to Be Wanted by the Partridge Family (#88); Country Road by James Taylor (#92); Proud Mary by Ike & Tina Turner (#94); The Glory of Love by the Dells (#97); Didn't it Look So Easy by the Stairsteps (#98); Celia of the Seals by Donovan (#99); and Blue Money by Van Morrison (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
4 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
5 Stoney End--Barbra Streisand
6 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
7 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
8 Love the One You're With--Stephen Stills
9 Immigrant Song--Led Zeppelin
10 Your Song--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were She's a Lady by Tom Jones (#74); Your Time to Cry by Joe Simon (#75); Don't Let the Green Grass Fool You by Wilson Pickett (#91); Celia of the Seals by Donovan (#92); Whole Lotta Love by King Curtis and the Kingpins (#93); Cried Like a Baby by Bobby Sherman (#94); Wild World by Cat Stevens (#95); Ordinary Man by Freedom North (#96); Proud Mary by Ike & Tina Turner (#97); Keep the Customer Satisfied by Gary Puckett (#98); Medley from "Superstar" by the Assembled Multitude (#99); and One Toke Over the Line by Brewer and Shipley (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
2 Stay Awhile--The Bells
3 Sweet Mary--Wadsworth Mansion
4 Knock Three Times--Dawn
5 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
6 Your Song--Elton John
7 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
8 Children--Jimmy Aiello and the Happy Feeling
9 Born to Wander--Rare Earth
10 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
Pick hit of the week: 1900 Yesterday--Liz Damon's Orient Express

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Georg Arlin and Gosta Pruzelius, on Radioteatern (Sweden)
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 5

Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard hit a golf ball on the moon before he and lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell returned to the lunar module Antares to prepare for a reunion with the command module Kitty Hawk, piloted by Stuart Roosa.

22 were killed and more than 100 injured when twin earthquakes within three hours of each other virtually razed the ancient Italian town of Tuscania and damaged other hill towns in central Italy.

The St. Louis Blues traded centre Red Berenson and left wing Tim Ecclestone to the Detroit Red Wings for centre Garry Unger and right wing Wayne Connelly. In 45 games with the Blues in 1970-71, Mr. Berenson had scored 16 goals and 26 assists, while Mr. Ecclestone had scored 15 goals and 24 assists in 47 games with the Blues. In 51 games with the Red Wings in 1970-71, Mr. Unger had scored 13 goals and 14 assists, while Mr. Connelly had scored 8 goals and 13 assists in the same number of games. Mr. Unger had scored 42 goals in 1969-70, but he injured his back in a swimming pool accident during the summer of 1970, influencing his decline in productivity.

New York 5 @ Vancouver 4
Philadelphia 2 @ Toronto 4

The Rangers edged the Canucks at Pacific Coliseum in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast, while Jim Harrison scored 2 goals for the Maple Leafs as they defeated the Flyers at Maple Leaf Gardens in the southern Ontario regional telecast.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): När vi två blir en--Gyllene Tider (9th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Reality--Richard Sanderson (2nd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Passion--Rod Stewart
2 Can You Feel It--The Jacksons
3 Love on the Rocks--Neil Diamond
4 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
5 I'm Alright--Kenny Loggins
6 The Tide is High--Blondie
7 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
8 Celebration--Kool & The Gang
9 Lady--Kenny Rogers
10 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo

The only single entering the chart was Stop the Cavalry by Jona Lewie (#18).

Died on this date
Hugo Montenegro, 55
. U.S. bandleader and composer. Mr. Montenegro was known for his performances of music from movies, notably the "Spaghetti Western" compositions of Ennio Morricone. Mr. Montenegro's version of For a Few Dollars More (with a Luis Bonfa composition, The Gentle Rain, on the B-side) was released as a single in 1967, and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly reached #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the spring of 1968. The follow-up single, Hang 'Em High, reached #82 a few months later. He wrote movie scores and themes for television series such as I Dream of Jeannie (1965-1970) and The Partridge Family (1970-1974). Mr. Montenegro died after suffering from severe emphysema for several years.

The National Resistance Army of Uganda launched an attack on a Ugandan Army installation in the central Mubende District to begin the Ugandan Bush War.

The New York Times reported that documents captured from rebels in El Salvador indicated that the U.S.S.R. and Cuba had agreed in 1980 to deliver tons of weapons to Marxist guerrillas in El Salvador. These weapons were to come from stockpiles of U.S. arms that had been seized in Vietnam and Ethiopia.

Three young Negro men--Lawrence and Leonard Capers and Samuel Lightsey--were convicted of murder in the beating deaths of three white men during the May 1980 riots in the Liberty City section of Miami. The victims had been dragged from their car and beaten to death after the car had been stopped by a crowd. Mr. Lightsey was convicted of second degree murder, and the Capers brothers of third degree murder. A fourth youth, Patrick Moore, was acquitted.

Wildcat strikes in Poland ended when Prime Minister Wojciech Jaruzelski accepted the resignations of the governor of the province of Bielsko-Biala and three deputies.

Winnipeg 4 @ Edmonton 10

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sadeness Part I--Enigma (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Who's Aunt Rose?

Died on this date
Danny Thomas, 79
. U.S. entertainer. Mr. Thomas, born Amos Kairouz, was a nightclub comedian and singer before he achieved success as an actor, most notably as the star of the television comedy series Make Room for Daddy (later retitled The Danny Thomas Show) (1953-1964).

Salvador Luria, 78. Italian-born U.S. microbiologist. Dr. Luria shared the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Max Delbrück and Alfred Hershey "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses."

Debris from the Soviet space station Salyut 7, which had been launched in 1982 and abandoned in 1986, re-entered Earth’s atmosphere. The 43-ton station had once held 6 cosmonauts. American experts said that the Soviets had intended to keep the station aloft, but unexpectedly high solar activity had increased atmospheric drag on the station, hastening its orbital decay. The Soviet government claimed there had never been any radioactive material aboard the station.

King Hussein of Jordan appeared to drop his stance of neutrality, asserting that nations allied against Iraq were attempting to put all Arabs "under direct foreign hegemony."

Students at Enver Hoxha University in Albania went on strike, calling for political and economic reforms and the ouster of some leading government officials.

25 years ago

Died on this date
Guy Madison, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. Madison, born Robert Moseley, was best known as the star of the radio (1951-1956) and television (1951-1958) series The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok.

Birgenair Flight 301 crashed off the coast of the Dominican Republic, killing all 189 people aboard in the worst accident or incident involving a Boeing 757.

Floods in the Willamette Valley of Oregon caused over $500 million in property damage throughout the Pacific Northwest.

20 years ago

Politics and government
Likud Party leader Ariel Sharon was elected Prime Minister of Israel, defeating Labour Party leader and incumbent Prime Minister Ehud Barak 63%-37%.

10 years ago

Super Bowl XL @ Cowboys Stadium, Arlington, Texas
Green Bay 31 Pittsburgh 25

Aaron Rodgers completed 24 of 39 passes for 304 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Packers over the Steelers before 103,219 fans. Green Bay took a 21-3 lead in the 2nd quarter and held off a Pittsburgh comeback.

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