Tuesday, 9 February 2021

February 10, 2021

180 years ago

Politics and government
The Act of Union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, passed at Westminster on July 23, 1840, came into effect, uniting Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada, a legislative union with 84 members divided equally between Canada East and Canada West. Kingston was to be the capital, and Charles Poulett Thomson, Lord Sydenham was appointed the first Governor-General of the United Province of Canada.

175 years ago

Born on this date
Charles Beresford
. U.K. military officer and politician. Lord Beresford was a Royal Navy officer for 52 years (1859-1911), serving in various campaigns. He had a long-running feud with First Sea Lord Sir John Fisher, and was thus prevented from attaining the office himself. Lord Beresford had a simultaneous career in politics as a Conservative, representing County Waterford (1874-1880); Marylebone East (1885-1888); York (1898-1900); Woolwich (1902-1903); and Portsmouth (1910-1916) in the House of Commons. He died on September 6, 1919 at the age of 73.

Ira Remsen. U.S. chemist. Dr. Remsen, with Constantin Fahlberg, discovered the artificial sweetener saccharin in 1879. He was President of John Hopkins University (1901-1912), and died on March 4, 1927, 22 days after his 81st birthday.

British East India Company forces defeated Sikhs in the Battle of Sobraon, the final battle of the First Anglo-Sikh War.

Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints – the Mormons – began an exodus west from Illinois.

140 years ago

Born on this date
Pauline Brunius
. Swedish actress and director. Mrs. Brunius, the wife of actor John W. Brunius, worked mainly in theatre, appearing in plays for more than 30 years, and directing plays at the Oscar Theatre (1926-1932). She was managing director of the Dramaten (Royal Dramatic Theatre) (1938-1948), and became known as the "Queen of Swedish Theatre." Mrs. Brunius appeared in 11 movies, directed 7, and wrote 4 (1920-1934). She died on March 30, 1954 at the age of 73.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Stella Adler
. U.S. actress and teacher. Miss Adler, the sister of actors Luther and Jay Adler, performed in Yiddish theatre and with the Group Theatre in New York before going to Hollywood, appearing in movies such as Shadow of the Thin Man (1941). She returned to New York, where she became one of America's best known teachers of acting. Miss Adler died on December 21, 1992 at the age of 91.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Walter Krivitsky, 41
. U.S.S.R. spy. General Krivitsky, born Samuel Ginsburg, spied for the Soviet Union for about 20 years before defecting to the West in 1937 after Soviet dictator Josef Stalin began a purge of the General Staff of the Red Army. Gen. Krivitsky revealed information about Soviet espionage to the British and American governments, and became convinced that he was being targeted for assassination by the Soviet secret police force NKVD. Gen. Krivitsky was found dead in his room at the Bellevue Hotel in Washington, with a bullet in his head, and three suicide notes next to his body. The official verdict was suicide.

Paramount Pictures purchased the screen rights to the Broadway play Lady in the Dark for the record price of $283,000.

British colonial forces crossed the Kenyan border into Italian Somaliland, while Royal Air Force bombers left Singapore for bases in northern Malaya.

The United Kingdom announced that it had broken diplomatic relations with Romania because Romania's territory was being used by Germany as a military base.

The United States Senate confirmed John G. Winant as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) demanded a Senate probe of irregularities in the awarding of defense contracts.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed by voice vote and sent to the Senate the Public Debt Act of 1941, raising the national debt to $65 billion.

The U.S. Treasury Department revealed that about $4.369 billion worth of foreign assets had been frozen in the United States since April 1940.

75 years ago

Politics and government
The Soviet Communist Party won the first general elections held in Russia since 1937, facing opposition only in the recently annexed Baltic states.

Congressional elections in Costa Rica gave the government 11 seats, with Communists winning 2 and other opposition parties taking 10.

Dutch negotiators offered the right of self-determination within the Netherlands commonwealth to Netherlands East Indies nationalist leaders in Batavia.

World events
The Cunard ocean liner RMS Queen Mary docked in New York with 1,666 war brides and 668 children, the largest overwater movement of women and children in history. Another Cunard liner, RMS Mauretania, docked at Pier 21 in Halifax, carrying the first war brides and children from England; 943 passengers in total, with almost 400 war brides.

Mafia leader Lucky Luciano was deported to Italy from the United States.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Transport Workers Union called a strike of 9,606 employees of the Philadelphia Transportation Company to gain a $2 daily wage increase.

Ben Hogan won the Texas Open in San Antonio, finishing ahead of Sam Byrd and Byron Nelson.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bewitched--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra; Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--6th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
2 The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Jo Stafford
3 Be My Love--Mario Lanza
4 If--Perry Como
5 The Thing--Phil Harris
6 Harbor Lights--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
7 You’re Just in Love--Perry Como
8 Nevertheless (I’m in Love with You)--Paul Weston and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
9 A Bushel and a Peck--Perry Como and Betty Hutton
--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
10 So Long (It’s Been Good to Know You)--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers

Singles entering the chart were Little Rock Getaway by Les Paul (#23); One Finger Melody by Frank Sinatra (#24); Tell Me You Love Me by Vic Damone (#27); Bring Back the Thrill by Eddie Fisher (#30); May the Good Lord Bless and Keep You, with versions by Frankie Laine; Bing Crosby; and Jan Peerce (#33); The Night is Young and You're So Beautiful by Ray Anthony and his Orchestra (#34); Wait for Me by Dinah Shore (#36); The Chicken Song (I Ain’t Gonna Take it Settin’ Down) by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#37); and Aba Daba Honeymoon by Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter (#38). Aba Daba Honeymoon was from the movie Two Weeks With Love (1950).

U.S. and U.K. forces, advancing behind strong tank columns, reoccupied Kimpo Airfield and the port of Inchon, while South Korean patrols crossed the Han River into Seoul.

West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer declared that there could be no unity talks between the two German states until 25,000 political prisoners were released from East German concentration camps.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. announced the transfer of a number of Manchurian industrial plants to Chinese ownership.

Howard Hughes sued the Reconstruction Finance Corporation for $2 million, charging that it had failed to pay all the money it promised to help build the 200-ton, eight-engine flying boat Hercules. Mr. Hughes said that he had already spent more than $17 million of his own money on the plane.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: , starring Barbara Nichols, Jonathan Harris, Fredd Wayne, and Arline Sax

Ferde Grofe was at Niagara Falls, New York to conduct the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra in the first performance of his Niagara Falls Suite, which he had composed as a commission from the New York State Power Authority to commemorate the opening of the Robert Moses Generating Plant.

The $720-million power project on the Niagara River was officially opened when New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller threw a switch during ceremonies at Niagara University, near Niagara Falls, New York, putting into service a 150,000-kilowatt generator at the Robert Moses Generating Plant, the largest power plant at Niagara Falls, and the first of 13 scheduled to be operating by 1963. Total capacity was expected to be 2,190,000 kilowatts.

World events
The government of the Congolese rebel province of Katanga announced that deposed Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba, former Congolese Youth Minister Maurice Mpolo, and Congolese Senate Vice-President Joseph Okito had escaped the previous day while being moved from one place of confinement to another in Katanga. Because the 11-nation United Nations Conciliation Commission had failed in several attempts to get permission to interview Mr. Lumumba, there had been recurring reports that the three had died in prison. Katanagan officials denied that the escape story had been invented as a cover-up for an assassination, insisting that the prisoners had overpowered the sentries guarding them and had escaped in a police car. The Katanga government announced a widespread search for the missing men and offered rewards for information leading to their capture.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Larry Burrows, 44. U.K. photojournalist; Henri Huet, 43. French photojournalist; Kent Potter; Keisaburo Shimamoto. U.S. photojournalists; Tu Vu. Vietnamese photographer. Mr. Burrows (Life magazine), Mr. Huet (Associated Press), Mr. Potter (United Press International), Mr. Shimamoto (Newsweek magazine), and Mr. Vu were on a Vietnamese helicopter that crashed in Laos while they were covering Operation Lam Son 719 in the Vietnam War. There was no immediate word of their fate, but it was announced on March 2 that they were presumed dead.

The United States Census Bureau reported that the Negro population of inner cities had increased sharply during the 1960s, while more whites had fled to the suburbs. The report, based on the 1970 national census, showed that three of the 50 largest cities in the U.S.A.--Washington, Atlanta, and Newark--were now more than half Negro, while only Washington had held that status in 1960.

The government of Canada limited the seal catch in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and off Newfoundland and Labrador. The government also set maximum fines of up to $200,000 for air pollution.

A Munich-to-Zurich express train derailed and crashed near Kaufbeuren, West Germany, killing 30 and injuring 34.

Two Thai buses collided head-on near Bangkok, killing 34 and injuring 80.

40 years ago

After a visit by Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein to the battlefront in the hills of Ilam in Iran, Iraqi forces began a local offensive against the Iranians. The Iraqis reported that 163 Iranians had been killed, and another report numbered the Iraqi dead at 45.

The United States Justice Department announced that it was developing a package of proposals to increase the federal government’s ability to combat violent crime, and that the White House was studying a proposal to create a presidential commission on victims of crime. The Justice Department was studying five measures, including making murder for hire a federal offense, and allowing judges to consider the safety of a community when setting bail. The other measures called for Congress to establish a victim compensation fund so that victims or their survivors could get up to $50,000 for loss of earnings; for federal law to provide new protections for crime victims and witnesses; and also for federal law to provide an increased or mandatory sentence for crimes involving the use of a weapon or unusual violence.

All-Star Game @ The Forum, Inglewood, California
Clarence S. Campbell Conference 4 Prince of Wales Conference 1

Bill Barber of the Philadelphia Flyers assisted on Calgary Flames' Kent Nilsson's opening goal 34 seconds into the game and then scored shorthanded at 8:02 of the 1st period to lead the Campbell Conference All-Stars before 15,761 fans. Wayne Babych of the St. Louis Blues scored at 16:12 of the 2nd period to make the score 3-0 for the Campbells. John Ogrodnick of the Detroit Red Wings scored at 6:13 of the 3rd period to get the Wales Conference on the scoreboard, but Behn Wilson of the Flyers scored at 10:18 to make the score 4-1. Mike Liut of the Blues and Pete Peeters of the Flyers combined to stop 42 of 43 shots.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Sadeness Part I--Enigma (9th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Sadeness Part I--Enigma
3 Keep on Running--Milli Vanilli
4 Hello Afrika--Dr. Alban featuring Leila K.
5 Fantasy--Black Box
6 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
7 I'll Be Your Baby Tonight--Robert Palmer and UB40
8 To Love Somebody--Jimmy Somerville
9 Don't Worry--Kim Appleby
10 Kränk di net--Jazz Gitti & her Disco Killers

Singles entering the chart were Innuendo by Queen (#18); Play That Funky Music by Vanilla Ice (#25); Crazy by Seal (#27); All this Time by Sting (#28); and Megamix by Black Box (#29).

Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein mad his first public broadcast in two weeks, calling on Iraqis to show patience and steadfastness. Iraqis faced severe water shortages, and most were without electricity.

World events
Results from the previous day’s non-binding referendum in Lithuania showed a vote of 90% in favour of independence from the Soviet Union. Lithuanian President Vytautas Landsbergis declared the vote "a victory against lying and intimidation," referring to the Kremlin’s attempts to stop the Baltic republics’ drive for independence.

A Manitoba Nurses' Union strike ended.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Wonderwall--Oasis

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Knockin'--Double Vision (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Have You Ever Been Mellow--Party Animals

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (11th week at #1)
2 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
3 Missing--Everything But the Girl
4 One of Us--Joan Osborne
5 Hey Lover--LL Cool J
6 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
7 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
8 Be My Lover--La Bouche
9 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
10 Breakfast at Tiffany's--Deep Blue Something

Singles entering the chart were Follow You Down/Til I Hear it from You by Gin Blossoms (#12); 1979 by the Smashing Pumpkins (#20); Get Money by Junior M.A.F.I.A. featuring the Notorious B.I.G. (#55); All the Things (Your Man Won't Do) by Joe (#78); Keep Tryin' by Groove Theory (#80); and Insensitive by Jann Arden (#96). All the Things (Your Man Won't Do) was from the movie Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood (1996).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (9th week at #1)
2 Missing--Everything But the Girl
3 One of Us--Joan Osborne
4 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
5 Hey Lover--LL Cool J
6 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
7 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
8 Be My Lover--La Bouche
9 Tonite's Tha Night--Kris Kross
10 Anything--3T

Singles entering the chart were Ain't Nobody by Diana King (#58); Everyday and Everynight by Yvette Michele (#59); Keep Tryin' by Groove Theory (#61); Promises Broken by Soul Asylum (#67); Leflaur Leflah Eshkoshka by Heltah Skeltah & O.G.C. a.k.a. Fab 5 (#77); Celebration/Take Your Chance by Fun Factory (#87); and Take a Look by J'Son (#89).

The government of Zaire announced plans to encourage one million Rwandan refugees to leave the 42 camps in Zaire and return home.

The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeated world champion Garry Kasparov for the first time, winning the first game of their six-game match in Philadelphia.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Abraham Beame, 94
. U.K.-born U.S. politician. Mr. Beame, born Abraham Birnbaum in London, moved to New York City with his parents as an infant. He was an accountant and a Democrat, and was New York City Comptroller (1962-1965, 1970-1973) before winning the New York City mayoral election in 1973, serving as Mayor from 1974-1977. Mr. Beame was in office during the worst financial crisis in the city's history, but the situation had improved considerably by the end of his term. He sought a second term in 1977, but finished third in the Democratic Party primary. Mr. Beame died after open-heart surgery.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Fred Speck, 63
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Speck, a native of Thorold, Ontario, was a centre with the Detroit Red Wings (1968-70); Vancouver Canucks (1971-72); Minnesota Fighting Saints (1972-73); and Los Angeles Sharks/Michigan Stags/Baltimore Blades (1973-75), scoring 1 goal and 2 assists in 28 National Hockey League games and 22 goals and 42 assists in 123 World Hockey Association games, with 3 goals and 2 assists in 6 WHA playoff games. He played in five different minor leagues from 1967-76, with his best season being 1970-71, when he scored 92 points on 31 goals and 61 assists in 72 games with the Baltimore Clippers of the American Hockey League, winning the Les Cunningham Award (Most Valuale Player); John B. Sollenberger Trophy (leading scorer); and Dudley "Red" Garrett Memorial Award (Rookie of the Year), while being named to the AHL's First All-Star Team. Mr. Speck became a sales manager after his playing career, and died in Hamilton, Ontario after an unspecified illness of several months.

Politics and government
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak refused to step down or leave the country, and instead handed his powers to Vice President Omar Suleiman.

The Ontario Court of Appeal ruled that Oshawa mother Tammy Marquardt was the victim of a miscarriage of justice, with her second-degree murder conviction in 1995 for killing her toddler. She spent 14 years in prison based in part on evidence from disgraced pathologist Dr. Charles Smith.

The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that only the Federal Court, and not a trial judge, could decide what evidence could be kept secret in court cases where national security was an issue. The issue arose when Ontario Superior Court Justice Fletcher Dawson struck down provisions of the Canada Evidence Act in the Toronto 18 terrorism case.

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