150 years ago
Born on this date
Charles Dana Gibson. U.S. artist. Mr. Gibson created the "Gibson Girl" the iconic representation of American womanhood at the beginning of the 20th century. He died on December 23, 1944 at the age of 77.
The Ottoman government in Turkey offered a general amnesty to Greek insurgents.
110 years ago
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier established Jasper Forest Reserve in the Rocky Mountains in western Alberta. The reserve was named after Jasper Hawes, who operated a trading post in the region for the North West Company; it became Jasper National Park in 1930.
100 years ago
Russia was officially proclaimed a republic.
90 years ago
Died on this date
Isadora Duncan, 49 or 50. U.S.-born dancer and choreographer. Miss Duncan danced in a way that emphasized free and natural body movements rather than that practiced in traditional ballet. She was a bisexual and atheist who became a Communist and moved to the Soviet Union. Miss Duncan spent most of her later years in France, and was killed when her long scarf became entangled in the rear axle of the car in which she was a passenger, breaking her neck.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Tomáš Masaryk, 87. 1st President of Czechoslovakia, 1918-1935. Mr. Masaryk was a member of the Young Czech Party and then the Realist Party. He helped the Allies during World War I, which helped Czechoslovakia gain her independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Mr. Masaryk's powers were legally limited in comparison with those of the Prime Minister, but he provided stability through numerous changes of government, and became known as "The Great Old Man of Europe." Mr. Masaryk's son Jan was Czechoslovakian Foreign Minister of the government-in exile from 1940-1945 and in the governments from 1945-1948.
75 years ago
Died on this date
E. S. Gosney, 86. U.S. eugenicist. Ezra Seymour Gosney founded the Human Betterment Foundation in 1928 in Pasadena, California, with the aim "to foster and aid constructive and educational forces for the protection and betterment of the human family in body, mind, character, and citizenship." The HBF advocated compulsory sterilization of the mentally ill and retarded.
At 02.05 hours, about 300 miles east of Newfoundland, German submarine U-91 torpedoed and sank the Royal Canadian Navy River Class destroyer HMCS Ottawa in the North Atlantic Ocean, while escorting convoy ON-127. Hit by two torpedoes, she blew up and sank immediately. 113 of her ship's company were lost, plus 6 Royal Navy seamen and 22 merchant seamen; there were 69 survivors. British mobile columns raided Bengazi, Libya--about 500 miles behind Axis lines--reportedly inflicting heavy damage on Axis supplies and men. Russian troops retreated to new lines in the Mozdok area deep in the Caucasus. U.S. Army B-25s heavily bombed and strafed Japanese ships, planes, and shore installations at Kiska harbour in the Aleutians. U.S. fliers reported downing 21 Japanese planes over the Solomon Islands in air battles since September 11. The Argentine Interior Ministry ordered the dissolution of the Federation of German Welfare and Cultural Clubs. A U.S. federal grand jury in New York indicted one white and four Negro leaders of the Ethiopian Pacific Movement in Harlem on charges of conspiracy to help Japan establish a "dark-skinned" empire.
Politics and government
U.S. Senator Walter White and Governor Sumner Sewall, both Republicans, were re-elected in Maine.
70 years ago
Economics and finance
A Moscow consumer cooperative introduced food price reductions of 15%-25%.
Jack Kramer and Louise Brough won the U.S. men's singles and women's singles championships, respectively, at Forest Hills, New York.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wonderful! Wonderful!--Johnny Mathis
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Banana Boat Song--Harry Belafonte (10th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Diana--Paul Anka (3rd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tammy--Debbie Reynolds (5th week at #1)
2 Diana--Paul Anka
3 That'll Be the Day--The Crickets
4 Honeycomb--Jimmie Rodgers
5 Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On--Jerry Lee Lewis
6 Mr. Lee--The Bobettes
7 It's Not for Me to Say--Johnny Mathis
8 In the Middle of an Island--Tony Bennett
9 I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter--Billy Williams
10 Remember You're Mine--Pat Boone
Singles entering the chart were Lasting Love by Sal Mineo (#40); With You on My Mind (#47)/(The Song of) Raintree County (#53) by Nat "King" Cole; Deep Purple by Billy Ward and his Dominoes (#48); Lips of Wine by Andy Williams (#51); Plaything, with versions by Ted Newman, and Nick Todd (#56); My One Sin by the Four Coins (#58); and Please Don't Blame Me by Marty Robbins (#60). (The Song of) Raintree County was the title song of the movie. Nick Todd, whose real name is Cecil Boone, is the younger brother of Pat Boone.
On television tonight
Have Gun - Will Travel, starring Richard Boone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Three Bells to Perdido
This was the first episode of the series.
The Big Show, produced by Irvin Feld and headlined by Fats Domino, performed at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto.
The Turkish Defense Ministry issued a statement denying Soviet charges that Turkish forces were preparing to invade Syria. Saudi Arabian Minister of State and United Nations delegation chairman Ahmed Shukairy said that his government would side with Syria against an attack "from whatever quarter."
The United Nations General Assembly voted 60-10 to condemn the U.S.S.R. for its suppression of the 1956 Hungarian revolt.
Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus met with President Dwight D. Eisenhower in Newport, Rhode Island, promising to obey federal court orders to integrate Little Rock high schools.
Sam Snead shot 60 in the second round of the Dallas Open, tying the PGA tournament record for the lowest 18-hole score.
Toronto (0-5) 1 @ Montreal (3-2) 43
Ottawa (3-2) 14 @ Hamilton (4-1) 18
Winnipeg (4-2) 40 @ Calgary (4-2) 13
British Columbia (1-6) 6 @ Edmonton (6-1) 25
Kitchener-Waterloo (2-1) 34 @ Toronto (0-5) 8
Sarnia (3-1-1) 14 @ London (3-1-1) 14
Normie Kwong, Ken Hall, and Jackie Parker scored touchdowns for the Eskimos in their win over the Lions at Clarke Stadium, while Joe Mobra kicked a convert and 2 field goals. The Eskimos amassed 358 yards rushing, with Johnny Bright leading the attack with 119 yards on 11 carries; Mr. Hall rushed 6 times for 95 yards; Mr. Kwong rushed 15 times for 79 yards; and Mr. Parker added 73 on 8 carries.
Paul Johnson, Foster Friezic, Dick Trafis, Al Romine, and John Janelle scored touchdowns for the Dutchmen as they beat Balmy Beach at Varsity Stadium. Mike Norcia converted 3 of the K-W TDs, with Steve Fochuk adding another convert. Mike Donnelly scored the Toronto touchdown, converted by Al Niskanen. Ben MacDonald added a single.
Bob Smith and Jim Waddell scored touchdowns for the Golden Bears, both converted by Gene Lekenta, as they tied the Lords at Labatt Park. Bob Heighway and Ed Dearman scored London touchdowns, with Ed Wright adding a convert and single.
50 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
On television tonight
Ironside, starring Raymond Burr, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Message from Beyond
This was the first regular episode of the series; a pilot movie had aired on March 28, 1967.
Dragnet 1968, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Grenade
The Organization of African Unity conference concluded in Kinshasa, Congo; the issues discussed included white mercenaries in eastern Congo and the Nigerian Civil War.
Economics and finance
Shareholders voted to wind up the Bank of Western Canada, based in Winnipeg.
40 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Magic Fly--Space (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
Beau Bell, 70. U.S. baseball player. Roy Chester Bell was a right fielder with the St. Louis Browns (1935-1939); Detroit Tigers (1939); and Cleveland Indians (1940-1941), batting .297 with 46 home runs and 437 runs batted in in 767 games. His best season was 1937, when he hit .340, leading the American League in hits (218) and doubles (51).
Pablo Cruise performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton.
Queen Elizabeth II arrived in Halifax to start a five-day trip to Canada for her Silver Jubilee ceremonies.
The Western Somalia Liberation Front captured Jijiga, a strategic town at the base of the Ethiopian highlands in the Ogaden region.
Mark Rudd, a leader of the Columbia University student revolt in 1968, surrendered at the Manhattan district attorney's office to face numerous misdemeanor charges, and was immediately paroled on his own recognizance pending trial. Mr. Rudd had been a fugitive for 7 1/2 years, and apparently got tired of being underground. After his meeting with the district attorney, he flew to Chicago to turn himself in to Cook County authorities to face similar charges stemming from the 1969 "Days of Rage" demonstrations there. On October 14, 1977, Mr. Rudd pled guilty in Manhattan criminal court to criminal trespassing, and was unconditionally discharged.
Thurman Munson led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a single, and Reggie Jackson followed with a home run to give the New York Yankees a 2-0 win over the Boston Red Sox before 54,365 fans at Yankee Stadium, extending the Yankees' lead over the Red Sox to 3 1/2 games in the American League East Division. Mr. Jackson had made an outstanding leaping catch earlier in the game to help preserve Ed Figueroa's 7-hit shutout. Mr. Figueroa improved his 1977 record to 15-9, while Reggie Cleveland, who pitched a 6-hit complete game, fell to 9-8.
Mike Flanagan and Rudy May were the respective winning pitchers as the Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Toronto Blue Jays 6-5 and 4-2 before 19,048 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto to move within 2 1/2 games of the Yankees.
Tim Corcoran scored on a sacrifice fly by Ron LeFlore in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Detroit Tigers beat the Cleveland Indians 2-1 to sweep their doubleheader before 4,151 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Tigers won the first game 5-3.
Dave Goltz pitched a 7-hitter to improve his 1977 record to 18-9 as the Minnesota Twins shut out the Chicago White Sox 7-0 before 15,633 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 1st, the Twins scored 3 runs, and coasted to victory.
Jim Colborn and Dennis Leonard were the respective winning pitchers as the Kansas City Royals swept a doubleheader from the Oakland Athletics 5-2 and 6-0 before 16,791 fans at Royals Stadium.
Pinch hitter Ken McMullen hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 8th inning to increase the Milwaukee Brewers' lead as they overcame a 5-0 deficit to defeat the Seattle Mariners 8-5 before 5,718 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Mariners scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 2nd; Robin Yount got the Brewers on the scoreboard with a 2-run homer in the 3rd. Milwaukee scored a run in the 3rd, and Sixto Lezcano hit a 3-run homer in the 5th to put the Brewers ahead to stay. For Mr. McMullen, it was his 156th home run in the 1,583rd and last game of his 16-year major league career.
Andre Dawson tripled home Dave Cash with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the Chicago Cubs before 5,235 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal in the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC.
Cesar Geronimo hit a 3-run home run to climax a 4-run 8th inning and Ken Griffey hit a 2-run homer in the 9th as the Cincinnati Reds overcame an 8-3 deficit to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 9-8 before 50,203 fans at Dodger Stadium. Cincinnati left fielder George Foster hit his 48th home run of the season in the 1st inning. Dave Lopes, Steve Garvey, and Steve Yeager homered for Los Angeles.
Nino Espinosa pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Steve Carlton and drove in the only run as the New York Mets edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 before 25,119 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Espinosa singled home Luis Rosado with 2 out in the top of the 5th inning. Mr. Espinosa improved his record for the season to 8-12, while Mr. Carlton, who allowed 5 hits and no earned runs in 8 innings, fell to 21-9.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue (6th week at #1)
This blogger started his second term at the University of Western Ontario’s School of Library and Information Science.
The Toronto Blue Jays set a major league record for a single game with 10 home runs as they routed the Baltimore Orioles 18-3 before 27,446 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Ernie Whitt led the Toronto attack with 3 homers; George Bell and Rance Mulliniks each hit 2; and Lloyd Moseby, Rob Ducey, and Fred McGriff each hit 1. Mike Hart homered for the Orioles as the teams tied a major league record for home runs by both teams in a game with 11. In the bottom of the 7th inning, Toronto pinch hitter Kelly Gruber made all 3 outs; he hit into a double play and after the team batted around, he struck out for the third out. Baltimore shortstop Cal Ripken, Jr. extended his consecutive games played streak to 827, but his streak of consecutive innings played ended at 8,243 when he was lifted for pinch runner Earl Washington in the 8th inning. Ken Dixon started on the mound and allowed 5 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 1 2/3 innings, walking 1 batter and striking out 2 in taking the loss, dropping his 1987 record to 7-10 in the 108th and last game of his 4-year major league career.
Darrell Porter drew a bases-loaded base on balls with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th to force Curt Wilkerson home, giving the Texas Rangers a 2-1 win over the Oakland Athletics before 11,888 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mr. Wilkerson led off with an infield single, advancing to second base on a sacrifice bunt and to third on an outfield fly. Pete O'Brien and Larry Parrish were then intentionally walked.
Mickey Brantley batted 5 for 6 with 3 home runs and 7 runs batted in , but his Seattle Mariners lost to the Cleveland Indians 11-8 before 7,839 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Tommy Hinzo, Joe Carter, and Brook Jacoby each had 3 hits for the Indians. Clay Parker, the third of six Seattle pitchers, made his major league debut, allowing 5 hits and 4 runs--3 earned--in 2 1/3 innings, walking 1 batter and striking out 4.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Polku--Neon 2
At the movies
Husbands and Wives, directed by, written by, and co-starring Woody Allen, received its premiere screening at the Festival of Festivals in Toronto; it went into general release four days later.
Died on this date
Bruce Hutchison, 91. Canadian journalist. Mr. Hutchison worked for the Winnipeg Free Press, Victoria Times, and Vancouver Sun in a career that lasted over 50 years. His books included The Unknown Country: Canada and her People (1942); Canada: Tomorrow's Giant (1957); and Mr. Prime Minister 1867-1964 (1964).
Paul Martin, Sr., 89. Canadian politician. A member of the Liberal Party, Mr. Martin represented Essex East in the House of Commons from 1935-1968 before being appointed to the Senate, where he served as Leader of the Government from 1969-1974. He was Minister of National Health and Welfare from 1946-1957, and Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1963-1968. Mr. Martin ran for the Liberal party leadership in 1948, 1958, and 1968, but was unsuccessful in all three contests. His son Paul, Jr. was successful in contesting the Liberal party ledership and served as Prime Minister of Canada from 2003-2006.
King Hussein of Jordan met with a Kurdish leader in London, signalling a move away from his alliance with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.
Syria’s delegation to Middle East peace talks in Washington said that Israel must withdraw from the occupied territories before a treaty could be negotiated.
Economics and finance
The German Bundesbank cut two key interest rates.
The Toronto Argonauts fired head coach Adam Rita, the day after an embarrassing 31-0 loss at home against the Calgary Stampeders had dropped the team’s record to 3 wins and 7 losses. Mr. Rita, who had led the Argonauts to a 13-5 record and the Grey Cup championship in 1991, became the first head coach to be fired during the season following a Grey Cup championship. Assistant coach Dennis Meyer was named as his successor. It was also an embarrassing moment for Bryan Hall of CJCA in Edmonton. It was obvious that his 12:15 P.M. sportscast had been taped beforehand, because he said that Mr. Rita might be fired. Meanwhile, CHQT’s lunchtime sportscast, broadcast live, had reported that Mr. Rita had already been fired.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Men in Black--Will Smith (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Barbie Girl--Aqua
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (9th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Men in Black--Will Smith
Politics and government
The Calgary Declaration resulted from a meeting of 11 provincial premiers and territorial leaders to discuss ways to strengthen the Canadian federation and approach future challenges to the Constitution. Quebec Premier Lucien Bouchard did not attend.
81 people were killed as five bogies of the Ahmedabad–Howrah Express plunged into a river in the Bilaspur district of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Hamilton (1-11) 9 @ Toronto (10-2) 34
Saskatchewan (5-7) 24 @ Calgary (6-6) 28
Doug Flutie passed for 303 yards and 2 touchdowns, and Robert Drummond rushed 21 times for 168 yards to help the Argonauts beat the Tiger-Cats before 20,234 fans at SkyDome.
Jeff Garcia completed touchdown passes to Vince Danielsen, Terry Vaughn, and Kelvin Anderson to lead the Stampeders over the Roughriders before 28,414 fans at McMahon Stadium.
10 years ago
Economics and finance
The Northern Rock bank experienced the first bank run in the United Kingdom in 150 years.
Montreal (6-5) 28 @ Edmonton (4-6-1) 47
Ricky Ray threw completed 20 of 29 passes for 322 yards and touchdowns to Jason Tucker, Kamau Peterson, Andrew Nowacki, T.J. Acree, and Mike Maurer to lead the Eskimos over the Alouettes before 36,280 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Jason Goss scored the other Edmonton TD on an 82-yard interception return with 27 seconds remaining in the 2nd quarter. Eric Deslauriers scored the first Montreal touchdown on a 38-yard pass from Marcus Brady late in the 1st quarter, and Mark Estelle returned an interception 33 yards for a Montreal TD in the 3rd quarter. Jarrett Payton rushed for a pair of 1-yard touchdowns for the Alouettes in the 4th quarter. Mr. Tucker led all receivers with 10 receptions for 217 yards.
Images of Automobiles now on Flickr - Henry Seth Taylor built the first automobile in Canada in 1867. At the time, all automobiles, whether produced domestically or imported from the United Sta...
15 hours ago