850 years ago
Died on this date
Matilda of England, 65. Holy Roman Empress, 1114-1125. Matilda, the daughter of King Henry I of England and the wife of Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, attempted to claim the English throne in 1139, but her attempted coronation in 1141 was thwarted, and she was titled Lady of the English from 1141-1148. Matilda returned to Normandy in 1148 and spent the rest of her life there.
470 years ago
English forces commanded by the Duke of Somerset decisively defeated Scottish forces led by the Earl of Arran and the Earl of Angus in the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in Scotland.
175 years ago
Died on this date
Letitia Christian Tyler, 51. U.S. First Lady, 1841-1842. Miss Christian married John Tyler in 1813, and became First Lady when Mr. Tyler succeeded to the presidency on April 4, 1841, when William Henry Harrison died just a month into his term. Mrs. Tyler suffered a paralytic stroke in 1839, and died from another stroke.
William Hobson, 49. Governor of New Zealand, 1841-1842. Captain Hobson was a British Royal Navy Officer who took office as Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand on January 14, 1840, becoming Governor on May 3, 1841 when New Zealand became a Crown colony separate from New South Wales. Captain Hobson suffered a stroke in March 1840, but recovered sufficiently to resume his duties. He died from another stroke 16 days before his 50th birthday.
150 years ago
Communications by cable were established between the United States and Cuba.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Arthur Compton. U.S. physicist. Dr. Compton was awarded a share of the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the effect named after him." The Compton effect, which he discovered in 1923, demonstrated the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation. Dr. Compton died on March 15, 1962 at the age of 69.
120 years ago
A sheriff's armed posse killed 19 unarmed striking immigrant coal miners in Lattimer, Pennsylvania.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Miguel Serrano. Chilean diplomat and philosopher. Mr. Serrano served as Chile's Ambassador to India, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria and Austria in a career running from the 1950s to 1970, but was better known for his New Age beliefs, a synthesis of Hindu-Vedic and Nordic-Germanic religious traditions, resulting in his regard of the late German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler as an avatar. Mr. Serrano died on February 28, 2009 at the age of 91.
80 years ago
Representatives of nine nations attended the Nyon Conference in Switzerland to address international piracy in the Mediterranean Sea during the Spanish Civil War.
It was reported that an epidemic of infantile paralysis (poliomyelitis) had hit Canadian children, with 1,500 polio cases reported, and 56 deaths since June.
75 years ago
At the movies
Desperate Journey, starring Errol Flynn and Ronald Reagan, received its premiere screening at the Liberty Theatre in Libertyville, Illinois. The premiere was a reward for Libertyville having pledged almost $111,000 in war bonds in response to a plea from actor James Cagney, who had made a speech at Cook Memorial Library a week earlier in an attempt to persuade people to buy bonds.
Royal Canadian Air Force crews took part in a Bomber Command raid that dropped 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf in one night. The British Army carried out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign, after negotiations with Madagascar Governor General Armand Annet failed. The U.S.S.R. admitted further withdrawals on the Stalingrad front. U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson said in Washington that student members of the enlisted reserve would face active service as soon as they were of age.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal envoy, former Republican Party presidential candidate Wendell Willkie, arrived in Beirut.
Politics and government
The national committee of the Argentine Radical Party voted to demand a break with Axis powers.
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the House of Commons that the situation in India was improving since the arrest of Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi on August 9.
Economics and finance
U.S. and Mexican officials signed an agreement in Mexico City whereby the United States was entitled to buy Mexico's entire guayule crop until 1946 and would supply Mexico free rubber for her internal needs. Bernard Baruch's report to President Roosevelt on the U.S. rubber situation indicated that the shortage was so dangerous that the nation faced a "military and civilian collapse."
The U.S. Senate Finance Committee voted to raise income surtaxes in middle brackets and lower them in the lowest brackets for a net revenue gain of $33 million.
A U.S. federal grand jury in Newark indicted five companies for conspiring to monopolize world production of plastic materials vital to military needs.
Drs. Kurt Oster and Harry Sobotka of Mount Sinai Hospital in New York reported to the American Chemical Society meeting in Buffalo that injections of adrenocrome, an adrenalin derivative, had successfully reduced high blood pressure to normal in experiments on rates and dogs.
70 years ago
The United Nations Security Council tabled the Egyptian complaint against the United Kingdom after failiing to adopt a Chinese proposal for direct Anglo-Egyptian negotiations.
The U.K. concluded an agreement with Yugoslavia providing for screening of 20,000 Yugoslav refugees in Austria, who would either be returned to Yugoslavia or sent to Germany.
Politics and government
The French cabinet made a "last appeal" to Vietnamese nationalists to accept autonomy within the French Union, leaving France in control of foreign affairs and defense policy.
Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall told a news conference that Europe's declining economic condition would require immediate "interim" as well as "long-term" aid from the United States. The U.S. State Department announced that all nations depending on U.S. agricultural exports had been warned to expect a 10% reduction this fiscal year due to drought damage to the U.S. corn crop.
The U.S. and U.K. approved a Ruhr agreement aimed at raising coal production in the British zone of Germany to 300,000 tons per day.
60 years ago
Greeting Polish leaders Wladyslaw Gomulka and Jozef Cyrankiewicz in Belgrade, Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito endorsed the present Polish-East German frontier as "the only lasting solution" possible. Mr. Gomulka pledged Polish support for Yugoslavian policies of "active coexistence"with both Soviet and North Atlantic Treaty Organization nations.
U.S. Federal District Court Judge Ronald Davies ordered Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, state Adjutant General Sherman Clinger, and National Guard unit commander Marion Johnson to explain their roles in the use of troops to bar Negro children from Central High School in Little Rock.
Five French and U.S. oil investment firms announced the formation of a combine to search for oil in southern Algerian desert areas. British Petroleum Company disclosed that it would also seek an Algerian exploration concession.
50 years ago
The U.S. lunar probe Surveyor 5 landed in the Sea of Tranquility, two days after launch.
Politics and government
The people of Gibraltar voted to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain, with only 44 votes in favour of returning to Spanish rule.
Hamilton (4-1) 23 @ Toronto (2-4) 15
Ottawa (3-2) 23 @ Saskatchewan (6-1) 32
Willie Bethea scored 2 touchdowns and Dave Fleming added another to help the Tiger-Cats defeat the Argonauts before 24,343 fans at CNE Stadium. Hamilton quarterback Joe Zuger completed 17 of 28 passes for 230 yards.
Ed Buchanan scored 2 touchdowns--one on an 85-yard rush--and George Reed and Hugh Campbell each scored a TD to help the Roughriders defeat the Rough Riders before 21,696 fans at Taylor Field in Regina in a rematch of the teams in the 1966 Grey Cup. Saskatchewan rushed for 201 yards, while quarterback Ron Lancaster passed for 223 yards.
Joe Horlen pitched a no-hitter and Cisco Carlos allowed 4 hits in 6+ innings to get his first major league win as the Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers 6-0 and 4-0 before 23,625 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Joe Sparma and Denny McLain were the respective losing pitchers.
The Boston Red Sox scored 5 runs in the 6th inning as they beat the New York Yankees 7-1 before 26,341 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Gary Bell pitched a 4-hit complete game to win the pitching matchup over Al Downing.
Tony Oliva had a single, double, triple, and 2 runs batted in to lead the Minnesota Twins over the Baltimore Orioles 4-2 before 7,838 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Dave Boswell pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.
Paul Casanova singled with the bases loaded and none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to cap a 3-run 9th-inning rally giving the Washington Senators a 3-2 win over the California Angels before 4,310 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. The Angels opened the scoring in the top of the 8th inning on pinch hitter Jay Johnstone's first home run of the season. Washington starting pitcher Dick Bosman allowed just 6 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings, but reliever Dick Lines was credited with the win. Frank Coggins made his major league debut at second base for Washington, batting 1 for 3 and making 3 putouts and 4 assists, and participating in a double play. John Orsino struck out as a pinch hitter for the Senators in the 8th inning; it was the 332nd and last game of his 7-year major league career.
John O'Donoghue pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Tony Pierce as the Cleveland Indians edged the Kansas City Athletics 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,821 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Vern Fuller singled home Leon Wagner with 2 out in the bottom of the 4th inning for the game's only run. Chuck Dobson allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 2/3 innings to win the pitching matchup over Steve Bailey as the Athletics won the second game 5-2.
Jim Maloney allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings, and singled in a run to lead the Cincinnati Reds over the New York Mets 5-2 before 12,339 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Maloney improved his record for the season to 14-10. The Mets took a 2-0 lead in the 1st inning, but Lee May hit a 2-run home run in the 4th to tie the score, and the Reds scored 2 in the 5th.
Cookie Rojas' grand slam with 2 out climaxed a 5-run 7th inning for the Philadelphia Phillies as they beat the Atlanta Braves 10-5 before 5,642 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Johnny Callison and Tony Gonzalez each had 2 singles and a double for the Phillies.
The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to overcome a 7-4 deficit and defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 8-7 before 8,920 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh third baseman Maury Wills batted 3 for 5 with a 2-run triple in the 8th, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in. Mike Torrez made his major league debut as the seventh St. Louis pitcher of the day, striking out Donn Clendenon for the final out of the 8th inning.
Gaylord Perry pitched a 3-hitter and didn't allow an earned run to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins as the San Francisco Giants edged the Chicago Cubs 2-1 before 18,791 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Perry improved his 1967 record to 13-15, while Mr. Jenkins, who allowed 3 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings, dropped to 17-12.
Jim Wynn led off the top of the 11th inning with a home run to break a 0-0 tie as the Houston Astros edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0, giving them a split of their doubleheader before 16,096 fans at Dodger Stadium. Bo Belinsky pitched the first 9 innings for the Astros, allowing just 3 hits; Dave Eilers pitched 2 perfect innings of relief to get the win. Los Angeles starter Jim Brewer allowed 3 hits in 7 innings. All the scoring took place in the 7th inning as the Dodgers won the first game 4-1. Bob Bailey's 2-run single climaxed the Los Angeles rally.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Magic Fly--Space (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): I Feel Love--Donna Summer
#1 single in Ireland: Way Down--Elvis Presley
#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Way Down--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Best of My Love--Emotions (4th week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
2 Handy Man--James Taylor
3 Don't Stop--Fleetwood Mac
4 Float On--The Floaters
5 Best of My Love--Emotions
6 Telephone Line--Electric Light Orchestra
7 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
8 On and On--Stephen Bishop
9 How Much Love--Leo Sayer
Singles entering the chart were We're All Alone by Rita Coolidge (#73); Little Queen by Heart (#76); Blue Bayou by Linda Ronstadt (#81); The King is Gone by Ronnie McDowell (#83); Do Ya Wanna Get Funky with Me by Peter Brown (#85); Oh, Lori by Alessi (#88); Come Sail Away by Styx (#91); It's in His Kiss (The Shoop Shoop Song) by Kate Taylor (#94); Funk it Up (David's Song) by Sweet (#95); and Doctor Love by First Choice (#99).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Stop--Fleetwood Mac
2 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
3 Handy Man--James Taylor
4 You and Me--Alice Cooper
5 How Much Love--Leo Sayer
7 Telephone Line--Electric Light Orchestra
8 Give a Little Bit--Supertramp
9 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers
10 Just a Song Before I Go--Crosby, Stills & Nash
Singles entering the chart were Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band by Meco (#61); Signed, Sealed, Delivered (I'm Yours) by Peter Frampton (#63); She Did It by Eric Carmen (#69); Look What You've Done to My Heart by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. (#74); Indian Summer by Poco (#76); Another Star by Stevie Wonder (#80); My Fair Share by Seals and Crofts (#83); It's Ecstasy When You Lay Down Next to Me by Barry White (#87); Hey Country Girl by Terry Jacks (#91); Hold On by Wild Cherry (#93); Dusic by Brick (#94); I Go Crazy by Paul Davis (#99); and We Just Disagree by Dave Mason (#100).
Died on this date
Hamida Djandoubi, 27. Tunisian-born French criminal. Mr. Djandoubi moved to Marseille in 1968. In 1974 he kidnapped, tortured, and murdered Élisabeth Bousquet, 22, his former girlfriend. Mr. Djandoubi was the last person to be legally executed in western Europe and the last person to be executed in France by guillotine. He was executed 12 days before his 28th birthday.
Susan Perkins, representing Ohio, was named Miss America 1978 at the annual pageant in Atlantic City.
Hamilton (3-6) 25 @ Toronto (3-6) 12
Calgary (1-8) 21 @ British Columbia (7-2) 33
Doyle Orange rushed for 98 yards and Jimmy Edwards added 89 to help the Tiger-Cats defeat the Argonauts before 47,498 fans at Exhibition Stadium.
Jerry Tagge passed 76 yards to Terry Bailey 3 minutes into the game to get the Lions off to a good start as they defeated the Stampeders before 28,213 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.
British Columbia 29 @ Alberta (1-0-1) 29
Marco Cyncar punted for a single for the tying point late in the 4th quarter, but his punt into the UBC end zone on the last play of the game was punted back out and out of bounds as the Golden Bears tied the Thunderbirds before 6,500 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.
Roy Howell batted 5 for 6 with 2 home runs, 2 doubles, 4 runs, and 9 runs batted in to help the Toronto Blue Jays rout the New York Yankees, 19-3 before 20,296 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ron Fairly had a home run among his 4 hits, and Alvis Woods also had 4 hits for the Blue Jays. Jim Clancy pitched an 8-hit complete game victory, while Catfish Hunter allowed 7 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 3 1/3 innings to take the loss. Larry McCall, the fourth of five New York pitchers, allowed 2 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 2/3 inning in his major league debut, and made an error that led to a run.
Don Aase pitched a 5-hit complete game victory and the Boston Red Sox scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning to overcome a 1-0 deficit as they beat the Detroit Tigers 7-1 before 26,782 fans at Fenway Park in the Game of the Week telecast on NBC. It was the first time that North American television viewers saw the Detroit combination of Lou Whitaker at second base and Alan Trammell at shortstop; both were rookies who had been called up from Montgomery of the AA Southern League on September 1.
Eddie Murray and Doug DeCinces hit consecutive run-scoring singles in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Baltimore Orioles a 6-5 win over the Cleveland Indians before 8,748 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. The Indians had scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th to tie the game 4-4, and had taken the lead with 2 out in the top of the 11th on a solo home run by John Lowenstein.
Doyle Alexander and Roger Moret were the respective winning pitchers as the Texas Rangers swept a doubleheader from the Seattle Mariners 5-2 and 7-1 before 12,800 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Tommy Smith led off the bottom of the 9th inning for Seattle in the first game as a pinch hitter, and flied out in the 121st and last game of his 5-year major league career. Steve Burke made his major league debut with the Mariners, pitching the 9th inning of the second game and allowing a base on balls but no runs.
The New York Mets scored a run in the 8th inning and 5 in the 9th to defeat the Chicago Cubs 7-2 before 16,256 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
The Montreal Expos hit 4 solo home runs--2 by Ellis Valentine, 1 each by Tony perez and Andre Dawson--to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-2 before 7,697 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Wayne Twitchell allowed 8 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 7 1/3 innings to improve his 1977 record to 5-10, while John Candelaria allowed 10 hits and 4 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings to fall to 16-5.
Tom Seaver allowed 10 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 8 innings and hit his 3rd home run of the season to lead the Cincinnati Reds to a 7-4 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 49,209 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Mr. Seaver improved his 1977 record to 17-6. Bobby Castillo mad his major league debut as a relief pitcher with the Dodgers, allowing 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 1/3 innings, walking a batter, and striking out 1. Ron Washington also made his major league debut with Los Angeles, playing the last 2 innings at shortstop and making an assist. He was hit by a pitch in the 9th inning and scored on a triple by Jeffrey Leonard.
Mark Lemongello allowed 2 hits in 7 innings and Joe Sambito allowed 1 hit and 2 innings to combine for a shutout as the Houston Astros beat the San Francisco Giants 2-0 before 14,382 fans at the Astrodome. Cesar Cedeno hit a 2-run home run off losing pitcher Bob Knepper with 1 out in the bottom of the 6th inning to account for all the scoring. Mr. Lemongello improved his record for the season to 8-14, while Mr. Knepper, who allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 1/3 innings, fell to 8-8.
30 years ago
Edmonton’s top 10 (CKRA)
1 La Bamba—Los Lobos
2 I Want Your Sex—George Michael
3 Luka—Suzanne Vega
4 I Just Can’t Stop Loving You—Michael Jackson (with Siedah Garrett)
5 Who’s That Girl—Madonna
6 Love Power—Dionne Warwick & Jeffrey Osborne
7 Only in My Dreams—Debbie Gibson
8 I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For—U2
9 Didn’t We Almost Have it All—Whitney Houston
10 Wot’s it to Ya—Robbie Nevil
U.S. President Ronald Reagan greeted Pope John Paul II upon the pontiff’s arrival in Miami.
East German leader Erich Honecker continued his trip to West Germany by visiting his birthplace at Wiebelskirchen, in Saarland, for the first time since the creation of the two German states in 1949.
Politics and government
Ontario Premier David Peterson led his governing Liberal Party to a majority in the province's provincial election, winning 95 of 130 seats. The New Democratic Party, led by Bob Rae, took 19 seats, while the Progressive Conservatives, led by Larry Grossman, captured only 16 seats. The Liberals had won just 48 seats in the most recent election in 1985, but formed a minority government with the help of the NDP, who had won 19 seats. The Progressive Conservatives, who had governed the province since 1943, had led with 52 seats in the 1985 election, but lost 36 seats in 1987, including that of Mr. Grossman.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (5th week at #1)
Politics and government
The Canadian House of Commons passed the Referendum Bill to decide the fate of the Charlottetown Accord. The question was, "Do you agree that the Constitution of Canada should be renewed... on the basis of the agreement reached on August 28, 1992?"
Deion Sanders scored on a sacrifice fly by Ron Gant with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Atlanta Braves a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 41,265 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Lonnie Smith led off the inning with a base on balls and Mr. Sanders pinch ran for him and was picked off first base, but advanced to third on a throwing error by pitcher Scott Bankhead. Pinch hitter David Justice was intentionally walked, bringing Mr. Gant to the plate. The Reds opened the scoring in the 2nd inning on a solo home run by Glenn Braggs, who tore cartilage in his knee on his last major league swing; it was the 692nd and last game of his 7-year major league career.
Dave Haas pitched a 4-hitter and Rob Deer, Cecil Fielder, and Scott Livingstone hit home runs as the Detroit Tigers shut out the Chicago White Sox 8-0 before 25,963 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Gary Pettis played the first 5 innings in center field for Detroit, batting 0 for 3 and making 1 putout in the 1,183rd and last game of his 11-year major league career.
20 years ago
Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Lloyd Axworthy said that Canada would destroy its stockpile of 30,000 land mines.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Jane Wyman, 90. U.S. actress. Miss Wyman, born Sarah Jane Mayfield, won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Johnny Belinda (1948). Her other movies included So Big (1953) and Magnificent Obsession (1954). Miss Wyman co-starred in the television soap opera Falcon Crest from 1981-1990. She was married to actor and future U.S. President Ronald Reagan from 1940-1949.
Ted Stepien, 82. U.S. basketball executive. Mr. Stepien, who made his fortune as the founder of National Advertising Service, owned the Cleveland Cavaliers from 1981-1983. He was a total idiot as an owner, running the worst franchise in the National Basketball Association, hiring and firing numerous coaches, and trading high draft picks to the extent that the NBA finally adopted a rule to prevent such actions. Mr. Stepien founded the minor professional United Professional Basketball League in 2003 and served as its Commissioner until his death.
Anita Roddick, 64. U.K. businesswoman. Dame Anita founded The Body Shop in 1976, and used her skin care business to promote her views on improving the world. She died of a brain hemorrhage after suffering from cirrhosis of the liver and hepatitis C, which she claimed she got from a blood transfusion in 1971.
Former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif returned to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999.
Images of Automobiles now on Flickr - Henry Seth Taylor built the first automobile in Canada in 1867. At the time, all automobiles, whether produced domestically or imported from the United Sta...
16 hours ago