Saturday, 16 September 2017

September 16, 2017

225 years ago

Died on this date
Tây Sơn Thái Tổ, 39 (?)
. Emperor of Vietnam, 1788-1792. Tây Sơn Thái Tổ, born Nguyễn Huệ, came to power with Chinese help, overthrowing the Later Lê dynasty. He died of a possible stroke, and was succeeded by Cảnh Thịnh.

175 years ago

Politics and government
The first LaFontaine-Baldwin cabinet was formed in the Province of Canada, eventually leading to responsible government.

160 years ago

The song Jingle Bells by James Pierpont was copyrighted under its original title, One Horse Open Sleigh.

150 years ago

200 houses were destroyed in a fire in St.-Pierre, capital of the French overseas territory of St.-Pierre and Miquelon.

Two non-organized clubs, calling themselves the Rough Riders and the Senators, played the Ottawa region's earliest recorded rugby football game.

80 years ago

In the Mexican League, Martin Dihigo of Veracruz pitched a no-hitter to lead the home team to a 4-0 win over Nogales. It was the first professional no-hitter ever pitched in Mexico.

75 years ago

Russian forces recaptured Marnal Hill and wiped out German tank forces that had driven into the outer defenses of Stalingrad in the northwest sector. Japanese troops reached Ioribaiwa, New Guinea, only 32 miles fom the Allied base at Port Moresby. Madagascar Governor General Armand Annet asked British Lieutenant General Sir William Platt for armistice terms.

Politics and government
The New York State Supreme Court Appellate Division reversed a State Supreme Court order barring the Communist Party from the November 3 election ballot.

A U.S. National War Labor Board panel recommended a $1-per-day increase for 10,000 copper, lead, and zinc miners in Idaho and Utah.

Ben Chapman, pitcher and manager for the Richmond Colts of the Class B Piedmont League, punched umpire I.H. Case; the assault resulted in Mr. Chapman's suspension for the remainder of the 1942 season and the entire 1943 season.

70 years ago

Citing a Big Four failure oto agree on an Austrian peace treaty, the United Kingdom formally ended her state of war against Austria to permit commercial dealings. Yugoslavian forces occupied the Isonzo River north of Trieste and moved up to the new Italian-Yugoslavian border immediately after the Italian peace treaty took effect.

The Canadian Parliament published a White Paper on the Defense of Canada.

Politics and government
Hungary's recently-elected parliament held its first session and elected Communist Imre Nagy as House speaker.

The Argentine anti-Peron newspaper Vanguardia appeared in Buenos Aires in an underground edition after being suspended on August 28 by the government of President Juan Peron.

Economics and finance
Wholesale prices of 30 basic commodities in the United States again reached a record high of 287% of the 1930-1932 average.

Typhoon Kathleen hit Saitama, Tokyo, and the Tone River area of Japan, killing at least 1,930 people.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tammy--Debbie Reynolds (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito and Polish Communist Party First Secretary Wladyslaw Gomulka signed a joint declaration in Belgrade promising to promote "cooperation between socialist countries."

6,500 Aluminum Company of Canada employees in Arvida, Québec ended a four-month strike.

Canada was hit by an epidemic of Asian flu.

The first nuclear chain reaction to be achieved in Latin America was set off in Sao Paulo in an experimental reactor used for training nuclear engineers.

Los Angeles City Council voted to offer the Brooklyn Dodgers the 300-acre Chavez Ravine ballpark site and $2 million worth of levelling work as an inducement for the National League baseball team to move.

23,800 telephone equipment installers struck in 44 U.S. states in a wage dispute between the Communications Workers union and Western Electric Company.

Calgary (4-3) 27 @ Saskatchewan (2-5) 44
Winnipeg (5-2) 41 @ British Columbia (1-7) 21

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Nel sole--Al Bano (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry (4th week at #1)
2 The Letter--The Box Tops
3 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 Come Back When You Grow Up--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
5 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
6 Baby I Love You--Aretha Franklin
7 You're My Everything--The Temptations
8 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
9 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
10 Cold Sweat (Part 1)--James Brown and the Famous Flames

Singles entering the chart were Your Precious Love by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell (#64); You Keep Running Away by the Four Tops (#68); More Than the Eye Can See by Al Martino (#82); The Last Waltz by Engelbert Humperdinck (#87); You've Made Me So Very Happy by Brenda Holloway (#90); Fall in Love with Me by Bettye Swan (#92); The Look of Love by Dusty Springfield (#93); On the Other Side by the Seekers (#96); and I'll Release You by Joann Bon and the Coquettes (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
2 Come Back When You Grow Up--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
3 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
5 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
6 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
7 You're My Everything--The Temptations
8 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
9 Every Little Bit Hurts--The Spencer Davis Group
10 Paper Sun--Traffic featuring Steve Winwood

Singles entering the chart were Little Ole Man (Uptight-–Everything’s Alright) by Bill Cosby (#60); The Look of Love by Dusty Springfield (#70); Fisherwoman by the Collectors (#78); Death of a Clown by Dave Davies (#79); Let Love Come Between Us by James & Bobby Purify (#80); Hey Baby (They're Playing Our Song) by the Buckinghams (#83); A Banda by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#85); Soul Man by Sam and Dave (#86); For What it's Worth by the Staple Singers (#87); What Now My Love by Mitch Ryder (#91); Sunshine Games by the Music Explosion (#92); Quando Quando by Bobby Curtola (#94); Your Precious Love by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell (#95); You've Made Me So Very Happy by Brenda Holloway (#96); You're a Very Lovely Woman by the Merry-Go-Round (#97); I'll Never Fall in Love Again by Tom Jones (#98); Hole in My Shoe by Traffic (#99); and Wednesday by the Royal Guardsmen (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 The Letter--The Box Tops
2 There is a Mountain--Donovan
3 I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
4 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
5 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
6 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
7 Happy--The Sunshine Company
8 Thank the Lord for the Night Time--Neil Diamond
9 I Dig Rock and Roll Music--Peter, Paul and Mary
10 We Love You--The Rolling Stones

This was the final CFUN chart, as the station changed formats two days later.

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 The Letter--The Box Tops (2nd week at #1)
2 Happy--The Sunshine Company
3 There is a Mountain--Donovan
4 I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 To Sir with Love--Lulu
6 Never My Love--The Association
7 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
8 I Dig Rock and Roll Music--Peter, Paul and Mary
9 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
10 She Knows--Bobby Darin

Singles entering the chart were Incense and Peppermints by Strawberry Alarm Clock (#23); You're a Very Lovely Woman by the Merry-Go-Round (#24); You Keep Running Away by the Four Tops (#26); Anything Goes by Harpers Bizarre (#27); Sunshine Games by the Music Explosion (#28); and Gettin' Together by Tommy James and the Shondells (#30).

Oscar Bonavena (31-3) won a 12-round unanimous decision over Karl Mildenberger (52-4-3) at Waldstadion/Radrennbahn in Frankfurt, West Germany in a bout that was part of the World Boxing Association elimination tournament to find a world champion to replace Muhammad Ali, who had been stripped of the title for refusing induction into the United States Army. Mr. Mildenberger was knocked down in rounds 1, 4, 7, and 10.

Calgary (7-1) 4 @ Montreal (2-4) 0

Bill Goods kicked an 11-yard field goal and Larry Robinson added a single on a missed field goal to account for the scoring, but the Stampeders almost lost the game on the last play when Montreal defensive end John Baker recovered a fumble and returned it 19 yards, but was brought down before he was able to score, in part because he was slowed down by interference from some of the 14,000 fans at Molson Stadium who had gone onto the field.

Canadian university
McMaster 1 @ Alberta 11

The Golden Bears' win over the Marauders at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton turned out to be a preview of the 1967 Canadian College Bowl matchup.

Continental League
Toronto (1-3) 3 @ Hartford (3-1) 16
Norfolk 20 @ Charleston (0-4) 13
Montreal 14 @ Orlando 45

John Torok completed a 68-yard touchdown pass to Terry Best in the 2nd quarter and a 20-yard TD pass to Mr. Best with 5 seconds left in the game as the Charter Oaks beat the Rifles in what turned out to be the last game the Toronto team ever played. Bill Shockley converted one of the touchdowns and added a 41-yard field goal. Clem Turner's 19-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter accounted for the Toronto scoring. Eagle Day, in his final professional game, went the distance at quarterback for the Rifles, with coach Bubba Marriott dressed as his backup. Mr. Marriott was dressed because the other Toronto quarterback, John Henry Jackson, was stopped by U.S. immigration authorities at the border because of problems over his draft status, which he thought had been cleared up two years earlier. The Rifles had played 2 games when the league suspended the team's operations on Sept. 5 for failure to meet financial obligations, but had restored the franchise on Sept. 11, declaring their cancelled third game to be a loss by forfeit. The Rifles folded for good after the game in Hartford.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sorry, I'm a Lady--Baccara (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ma Baker--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Maria Callas, 53
. U.S.-born singer. Miss Callas, born Sophia Cecelia Kalos, was one of the most famous operatic sopranos of the 20th century. She was born in New York City, but grew up in Greece before returning to the United States, where her popularity peaked in the 1950s. Miss Callas' later years were plagued by personal and health problems, and she died of a heart attack.

Marc Bolan, 29. U.K. musician. Mr. Bolan, born Mark Feld, was the lead singer and guitarist with the "Glam Rock" group T. Rex, who were popular in Britain in the early 1970s. He was a passenger in a car driven by his girlfriend, singer Gloria Jones, when she lost control of the car and it crashed, killing him instantly and leaving her with a broken arm and broken jaw. Mr. Bolan died two weeks before his 30th birthday.

Heavy fighting broke out in southern Lebanon between Palestinian guerrillas and Israeli-backed Lebanese Christian militiamen.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau shuffled his cabinet, creating two new posts.

Economics and finance
Revised food stamp and farm aid legislation cleared the U.S. Congress.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Christopher Soames, 66
. U.K. politician and diplomat. Mr. Soames, a Conservative and son-in-law of former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, represented Bedford in the House of Commons from 1950-1966, holding two cabinet posts in the governments of Prime Ministers Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home from 1958-1964. He was given a life peerage in 1978, and as Lord Soames, was Leader of the House of Lords from 1979-1981. He died of pancreatitis, 26 days before his 67th birthday.

Kermit Wahl, 64. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Wahl was an infielder with the Cincinnati Reds (1944-1945, 1947); Philadelphia Athletics (1950-1951); and St. Louis Browns (1951), batting .226 with 3 home runs and 50 runs batted in in 231 games. In 8 years in the minor leagues from 1944-1954, he batted .274 wit 51 home runs and at least 325 RBIs in 663 games. Mr. Wahl died of cancer.

Representatives of 24 countries, meeting in Montreal, approved a treaty designed to preserve the ozone layer. The signatories agreed to freeze world production of the most frequently used chlorofluorocarbons regarded as responsible for the destruction of ozone. The Montreal Protocol also provided for a 50% reduction of world output of the chemicals by 1999, while production of another group of compounds, halons, would be frozen in 1992. The treaty would become effective when ratified by 11 countries representing at least 2/3 of all consumption of chlorofluorocarbons.

Politics and government
Philippines Vice-President Salvador Laurel resigned his position as foreign minister, saying that he had fundamental differences with President Corazon Aquino on the country’s Communist insurgency. Mrs. Aquino also replaced her finance minister.

Bob Boone of the California Angels played his 1,919th career major league game as a catcher, breaking the record formerly held by Al Lopez. He batted 0 for 4 wit 4 putouts as the Angels defeated the Kansas City Royals 6-4 before 18,739 fans at Royals Stadium. The Royals had the bases loaded with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, but Danny Tartabull struck out and Frank White grounded into a force play to end the game.

Jimmy Key allowed 6 hits in 7 scoreless innings to improve his 1987 record to 17-6 as the Toronto Blue Jays shut out the Baltimore Orioles 7-0 before 29,353 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Baltimore catcher Floyd Rayford batted 1 for 3 and made 6 putouts in the 390th and last game of his 7-year major league career.

Stan Stanicek made his major league debut as a pinch hitter for the Milwaukee Brewers, reaching first base on an error by New York third baseman Mike Pagliarulo and coming around to score as the Brewers scored 3 unearned runs in the top of the 7th inning to overcome a 4-2 deficit and defeat the New York Yankees 5-4 before 20,232 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ted Higuera pitched a 6-hit complete game, allowing 4 earned runs as he improved his record for the season to 17-9.

The Chicago White Sox scored 5 runs inthe 5th inning and 7 in the 6th as they defeated the Minnesota Twins 13-10 before 8,921 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Chicago shortstop Ozzie Guillen hit 3 doubles, and designated hitter Harold Baines drove in 4 runs. The Twins scored 7 runs in the last 3 innings.

Dwight Gooden pitched a 3-hitter, striking out 11, and had 2 hits and 2 runs of his own to lead the New York Mets to a 10-0 shutout of the Montreal Expos before 31,859 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Charlie Lea, who had missed all of the 1985 and 1986 seasons because of a torn rotator cuff, started on the ound for Montreal in his first major league game in 3 years, but lasted just 1+ innings, allowing 4 hits, 4 runs--all earned--with 4 bases on balls, 1 strikeout, and 2 wild pitches in taking the loss; it was his last game in a Montreal uniform. Nelson Santovenia made his major league debut with the Expos, catching the 9th inning and making 1 putout.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the 7th inning to overcome a 4-1 deficit as they defeated the Chicago Cubs 8-5 before 17,598 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 6 runs in the first 3 innings and held on to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-5 before 15,323 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh first baseman Bo Diaz hit 2 home runs and a double, scoring 3 runs and driving in 3.

Mark Grant pitched a 2 hitter, striking out 9 batters, to lead the San Diego Padres over the Atlanta Braves 3-0 before 7,892 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (13th week at #1)

Died on this date
Millicent Fenwick, 82
. U.S. politician. Mrs. Fenwick, a Republican, represented New Jersey's 5th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1975-1983 before serving as United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture from 1983-1987.

The trial of deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega ended in the United States with a 40-year sentence for drug trafficking and money laundering.

Economics and finance
Italy and the United Kingdom withdrew from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism and let its currency float, effectively devaluing the lira and pound, respectively.

Brian Perry of the Canadian Tax Foundation said that taxes were increasing; an OECD report said that Canada's tax revenues were up to 39.4% of Gross National Product in 1991, up from 37.1% in 1990 and 34.5% in 1989, versus the U.S. rate of under 30%.

The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill ending the Family Allowance baby bonus system. It was replaced by more support for the working poor, and an earned income supplement for those working, with the benefit shrinking as income rose.

20 years ago

Canadian Heritage Minister Sheila Copps rejected a business development plan for the town of Banff, Alberta; the plan had serious environmental implications.

10 years ago

Mercenaries working for Blackwater Worldwide shot and killed 17 Iraqis and wounded 20 others in Nisour Square, Baghdad while escorting a U.S. embassy convoy.

One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.

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