Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Nicki Chang and Ken Powless!
150 years ago
Born on this date
J. P. Morgan, Jr. U.S. financier. John Pierpont "Jack" Morgan Jr. inherited the family business upon his father's death in 1913 and increased the family fortune by financing supplies to the British and French governments during World War I. He also managed Germany's reparations payments after the war. Mr. Morgan continued his father's philanthropic acts, and died on March 13, 1943 at the age of 75.
Albert Bassermann. German-born actor. Mr. Bassermann was a prominent stage actor before beginning a career in films, beginning in 1913. He fled Germany in 1933 shortly after the Nazis came to power, and eventually settled in the United States. Mr. Bassermann was probably best known for his supporting performance in Foreign Correspondent (1940), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award. Mr. Bassermann died of a heart attack at the age of 84 on March 15, 1952 while on board a plane bound for Zurich.
125 years ago
Died on this date
John Greenleaf Whittier, 84. U.S. poet. Mr. Whittier, a Quaker, was known for his anti-slavery writings. Several American towns are named after him, as is Whittier College in California.
James J. “Gentleman Jim” Corbett (9-0-2-3) knocked out John L. Sullivan (38-1-1-1) at 1:30 of the 21st round at the Olympic Club in New Orleans to win the world heavyweight title. It was the first heavyweight title fight in which modern gloves were used, and Mr. Sullivan’s last fight.
110 years ago
Cunard Line's RMS Lusitania set sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York City.
An Anti-Oriental mob composed of over 10,000 supporters of the Asiatic Exclusion League of the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council, holding placards reading “Keep Canada White", attacked Chinese and Japanese residences and businesses in Vancouver's Chinatown over a four hour period.
Politics and government
Alexander MacKay was elected leader of the Ontario Liberal Party in Toronto.
100 years ago
Born on this date
John Cornforth. Australian-born U.K. chemist. Sir John, who moved to England in 1939, was awarded a share of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions." He died on December 8, 2013 at the age of 96.
90 years ago
Philo T. Farnsworth succeeded in transmitting an image through purely electronic means by using a device called an image dissector.
Prince George and Edward, Prince of Wales returned to Britain following their tour of Canada.
Alberta Health Minister George Hoodley ordered a drastic quarantine throughout the province to contain the polio epidemic.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Buster Brown, 32; Smoky Owens, 30. U.S. baseball players. Messrs. Brown, a catcher, and Owens, a pitcher were members of the Cincinnati Buckeyes of the Negro American League. They were killed when their car was hit from behind in Geneva, Ohio while they were changing a flat tire. The accident hospitalized their teammates Eugene Bremmer, Lefty Watts, Alonzo Boone, and Wilbur Hayes.
The Royal Canadian Navy armed yacht HMCS Raccoon was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-165, while escorting convoy QS.33 in the St. Lawrence River; 37 men perished, with no survivors. Repulsed or held by Russian forces on the northwest and southwest, German forces drove at Stalingrad from the west. Australian and U.S. forces inflicted a significant defeat Japanese forces in the Battle of Milne Bay, New Guinea. Despite heavy casualties, Japanese forces drove Allied forces back to a point less than 60 miles from Port Moresby, New Guinea.
The U.S. Maritime Commission and Navy Department launched 174 ships at nearly 60 shipyards throughout the country. U.S. Ambassador to Cuba Spruille Braden and Cuban Minister of State Jose Agustin Martinez signed a military and naval agreement in Havana under which naval and military facilities would be provided on a reciprocal basis.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to pass legislation by October 1 to stabilize the cost of living, including the price of farm commodities.
Ted Schroeder defeated Frank Parker in the final of the men's singles competition in Forest Hills, New York.
70 years ago
On the radio
Pastor Perry F. Rockwood made his first broadcast of The Peoples Gospel Hour on CKCL in Truro, Nova Scotia. Pastor Rockwood went to be with the Lord in 2008, but the Halifax-based ministry and internationally-broadcast radio programs continue today.
U.S. President Harry Truman sailed from Rio de Janeiro to Washington on the U.S. Navy battleship USS Missouri, ending a seven-day state visit to Brazil.
The U.S.S.R. resused to participate in a four-power conference on Korea.
Politics and government
Greek Liberal Party leader Thermistocles Sophoulis became Prime Minister as head of a new Liberal-Populist coalition cabinet.
Officials of the 650,000-member American Federation of Labor United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners filed affidavits with the National Labor Relations Board verifying that they were not Communists.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)--Marty Robbins (4th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Banana Boat Song--Harry Belafonte (9th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Diana--Paul Anka (2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tammy--Debbie Reynolds (4th week at #1)
2 Diana--Paul Anka
3 That'll Be the Day--The Crickets
4 Honeycomb--Jimmie Rodgers
5 It's Not for Me to Say--Johnny Mathis
6 I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter--Billy Williams
7 Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On--Jerry Lee Lewis
8 (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley
9 Rainbow--Russ Hamilton
10 Remember You're Mine--Pat Boone
Singles entering the chart were Chances Are (#41)/The Twelfth of Never (#44) by Johnny Mathis; Rebel by Carol Jarvis (#50); Happy, Happy Birthday Baby by the Tune Weavers (#53); Zip Zip by the Diamonds (#54); and Dumplin's by Doc Bagby (#59).
Died on this date
Hermann Kastner, 70. German politician. Mr. Kastner was the leader of the East German Liberal Party, but he defected to West Germany, and died in Munich.
NBC debuted the original version of its animated peacock logo.
Marilyn Elaine Van Derbur, 20, representing Colorado, was named Miss America 1958 at the annual pageant in Atlantic City.
U.S. Federal District Judge Ronald Davies rejected the petition of the Little Rock school board for a temporary suspension of integration of the city's schools.
Montreal (2-2) 16 @ Ottawa (3-1) 17
Saskatchewan (1-5) 29 @ Winnipeg (3-2) 35
Edmonton (4-1) 35 @ British Columbia (1-5) 13
Sarnia (3-0) 83 @ Toronto (0-4) 0
London (2-1) 1 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (1-1) 13
Gary Schreider kicked a 35-yard field goal with 55 seconds remaining to give the Rough Riders overcame a 16-0 deficit and edged the Alouettes before a Lansdowne Park record crowd of 19,998. Mr. Schreider also rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and converted the first Ottawa TD, a 65-yard pass from Tom Dimitroff to Bob Simpson late in the 3rd quarter. Hal Patterson opened the scoring in the 1st quarter on a 55-yard return of an errant Ottawa lateral. Bill Bewley converted and Sam Etcheverry punted for 2 singles to give Montreal a 9-0 halftime lead. The Alouettes took a 16-0 lead in the 3rd quarter on a 1-yard touchdown rush by Pat Abbruzzi, converted by Mr. Bewley. The Rough Riders lost 4 fumbles inside the Montreal 15-yard line in the first 3 quarters, 3 of them inside the 10.
The Winnipeg defense stopped the Saskatchewan offense on the Winnipeg 2-yard line in the final minute of play as the Blue Bombers held on to defeat the Roughriders before 15,975 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Gerry James' second touchdown of the game, a 1-yard rush in the 4th quarter, provided the winning margin. Leo Lewis also scored 2 Winnipeg touchdowns, while Kenny Ploen added another. Bobby Marlow scored 2 touchdowns for the Roughriders, with Ken Carpenter and Jack Hill scoring the other Saskatchewan TDs.
Johnny Bright rushed 19 times for 124 yards and 2 touchdowns; Normie Kwong rushed 13 times for 64 yards and 2 touchdowns; and Ken Hall rushed 7 times for 50 yards and scored his first professional touchdown to help the Eskimos beat the Lions before 26,121 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Joe Mobra converted all 5 Edmonton touchdowns. The Eskimos rushed for 320 yards.
The Golden Bears scored 12 touchdowns and 11 converts in their rout of Balmy Beach before only 150 fans at Varsity Stadium. Gene Rossi threw touchdown passes to Jim Waddell, Frank MacDonald, and Jim Long. Mr. Waddell also rushed for 2 touchdowns, as did Dick Gregory, Dick Dixon, Ross Dwinnell, and Gene Lekenta. Mr. Gregory scored another TD on an interception return, as did Frank Macey. Mr. Lekenta kicked 11 converts; oddly, the only convert attempt he missed was on his own touchdown.
Mike Norcia scored a touchdown and convert and Al Romine scored a touchdown for the Dutchmen as they beat the Lords before 5,000 fans at Seagram Stadium in Waterloo.
50 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Black Velvet Band--Johnny Kelly (7th week at #1)
The United States launched Biosatellite 2 from Cape Kennedy, Florida for the purpose of assessing the effects of spaceflight, especially radiation and weightlessness, on living organisms.
Politics and government
Iran announced measures to provide for a regency. Empress Farah was to serve as regent if Shah Reza Pahlevi should die or be unable to carry out his duties before Crown Price Reza Pahlevi, now 6, should come of age.
40 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Magic Fly--Space
Died on this date
Broadway Jones, 78. U.S. baseball pitcher. Jesse Frank Jones was 0-0 with an earned run average of 9.00 in 3 games (8 innings) and batted .500 (1 for 2) with 1 run with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1923.
Buster Maynard, 64. U.S. baseball player. James Walter Maynard was an outfielder with the New York Giants in 1940, 1942-1943, and 1946, batting .221 with 14 home runs and 66 runs batted in in 224 games. He played 13 seasons in the minor leagues from 1937-1942 and 1946-1952; his best season was 1940, when he hit .337 with 30 home runs in 130 games with the Richmond Colts of the Class B Piedmont League.
U.S. President Jimmy Carter and Panamanian Chief of Government Omar Torrijos signed the Panama Canal Treaty and Neutrality Treaty in Washington. Also known as the Carter-Torrijos Treaty, this agreement relinquished American control over the canal and transferred authority to the Panama Canal Authority on December 31, 1999.
Moira Krueger, who received strong support from feminists, became Wisconsin's first elected female judge when she defeated Dane County Judge Archie Simonson in the state's first judicial recall election. The election had attracted national attention because Judge Simonson had suggested in court that a teenage boy was reacting "normally" to women's provocative clothing and sexual permissiveness when he raped a 15-year-old girl. Ms. Krueger was one of four candidates running against Judge Simonson.
A private aircraft dropped altitude to 500 feet in dense fog and struck Barrie, Ontario television station CKVR's 1,000-foot-tall transmitter tower, killing all five people aboard the plane and destroying the tower and antenna. The station's 225-foot-tall auxiliary tower was also destroyed, and there was some damage to the main studio building.
20-year-old Cindy Nicholas of Toronto started the first non-stop swim of the English Channel in both directions; she beat the old record by 10 hours.
Dave Lemanczyk pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins, who pitched a 7-hit complete game, as the Toronto Blue Jays edged the Boston Red Sox 3-2 before 31,684 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto in a game that was televised in Canada on CBC. Boston second baseman Denny Doyle made an outstanding catch of Roy Howell's line drive to end the 3rd inning, and received a standing ovation from the Toronto fans when he led off the top of the 4th.
The Baltimore Orioles scored 4 unearned runs with 2 out in the top of the 11th to break a 2-2 tie as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 6-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,032 fans at Tiger Stadium. Scott McGregor pitched an 11-hit complete game victory for Baltimore. Lance Parrish batted 3 for 4 with his first major league home run, a double, 4 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Tigers win the second game 12-5. Randy Miller, the third of five Baltimore pitchers in the second game, made his major league debut, allowing 4 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 2/3 inning. Ken Rudolph caught the 8th inning of the second game for Baltimore, making 2 putouts in the 328th and last game of his 9-year major league career.
The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to tie the game and an unearned run in the 10th as they beat the Cleveland Indians 4-3 before 7,924 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Ron Guidry pitched a 10-hit complete game victory to improve his 1977 record to 13-6, while Wayne Garland allowed 10 hits and 3 earned runs in 9+ innings to drop to 10-18.
Darrell Porter batted 4 for 5 with 2 home runs and 3 runs, while George Brett was 4 for 4 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in to help the Kansas City Royals defeat the Seattle Mariners 10-7 before 7,814 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Mariners, trailing 4-1 after 2 1/2 innings, scored 6 runs in the 3rd, but the Royals came back with 3 in the 4th and 2 in the 5th to take a 9-7 lead.
Willie McCovey drove in 4 runs with a home run and a double, and winning pitcher Ed Halicki hit his first home run of the season as the San Francisco Giants beat the Cincinnati Reds 6-3 before 19,351 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Joe Morgan and George Foster homered for the Reds.
Ron Cey drove in 3 runs with a pair of home runs and Dusty Baker added a solo homer as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Atlanta Braves 5-2 before 4,013 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue (5th week at #1)
Erich Honecker became the first East German leader to visit West Germany. At a banquet, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl said that reunification of the two Germanys would be in accord with the wishes of the German people, but Mr. Honecker replied by stressing the “realities” of the existence of two sovereign German states.
Edmonton (6-4) 20 @ Calgary (4-6) 29
Toronto (5-4-1) 25 @ Hamilton (6-4) 19
Rick Johnson connected with Larry Willis for a 48-yard touchdown with 4:11 remaining in regulation time and J.T. Hay kicked a 36-yard field goal with 34 seconds remaining as the Stampeders beat the Eskimos before 33,842 fans at McMahon Stadium. Tim Petros rushed 1 yard in the 1st quarter for the other Calgary touchdown. Henry “Gizmo” Williams returned a punt 63 yards for the first Edmonton touchdown in the 2nd quarter, and Damon Allen threw 10 yards to Brian Kelly for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter. Mike Thurman, the defensive back who was beaten by Mr. Willis on the touchdown, was playing his only CFL game.
Gill Fenerty scored 2 touchdowns on short rushes in the 4th quarter as the Argonauts beat the Tiger-Cats before 24,770 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Darnell Clash returned a punt 48 yards for the first Toronto touchdown in the 2nd quarter. Bernie Ruoff kicked 6 field goals and a single for the Tiger-Cats.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Magic Friend--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)
At least 24 people were killed and 150 injured when soldiers fired on an African National Congress demonstration on the border between South Africa and the black "homeland" of Ciskei.
British Prime Minister John Major rejected calls for a referendum on the 1991 Maastricht treaty of the European Community on European union. Mr. Major discounted fears that national identities would be smothered by a Europe united by the treaty.
Toronto (3-6) 24 @ Hamilton (6-3) 27
Edmonton (7-2) 34 @ Calgary (6-3) 21
Bobby Dawson returned a fumble 36 yards for a touchdown and Jeff Fields returned an interception 11 yards for another touchdown as the Tiger-Cats held on to defeat the Argonauts before 30,003 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Damon Allen threw 9 yards to Earl Winfield for the other Hamilton touchdown. Toronto quarterback Rickey Foggie rushed 2 yards for a touchdown early in the 4th quarter and completed a 5-yard pass to Mike Clemons for a touchdown on the game’s final play, followed by a 2-point convert pass to Paul Nastasiuk. The teams combined for 12 turnovers.
The Edmonton defense made 6 interceptions off Doug Flutie as the Eskimos beat the Stampeders before 38,205 fans at McMahon Stadium. The Eskimos outrushed the Stampeders 226 yards to 37; Michael Soles led with 105 yards on 14 carries, followed by Blake Marshall with 15 rushes for 67 yards and Tracy Ham with 7 carries for 54 yards and 2 touchdowns. Mr. Ham also threw touchdown passes to Jay Christensen and Craig Ellis. Mr. Flutie threw touchdown passes to Derrick Crawford and Allen Pitts.
Fay Vincent resigned as Commissioner of major league baseball, three days after failing to receive a vote of confidence from owners.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Men in Black--Will Smith
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Men in Black--Will Smith (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (8th week at #1)
Died on this date
Mobutu Sese Seko, 66. President of Zaire, 1965-1997. Lieutenant General Mobutu, born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, took power in the former Belgian Congo in a bloodless coup on November 25, 1965. He governed as a typical African dictator, running a kleptocracy while committing numerous human rights violations. Lt. Gen. Mobutu created a cult of personality, which extended to renaming the country Zaire in 1971 and himself in 1972. He came out on the losing end of the First Congo War, and fled into exile on May 16, 1997, first going to Togo and then to Morocco, where he died of prostate cancer. Zaire was renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo on May 17, 1997, the day after Laurent-Désiré Kabila took office as President.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor stealth fighter plane made its first flight.
Patrick Rafter defeated Greg Rusedksi 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 7-5 in the final of the men's singles competition at the U.S. Open in New York. Mr. Rusedski set a record with a serve for an ace measured at 143 miles per hour. In the women's final, Martina Hingis defeated Venus Williams in straight sets.
Toronto (9-2) 66 @ Winnipeg (2-9) 25
British Columbia (6-5) 12 @ Saskatchewan (5-6) 46
Doug Flutie passed for 429 yards and the Argonauts scored 9 touchdowns as they routed the Blue Bombers before 21,080 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.
Mike Saunders, playing his first game since being reacquired from the Toronto Argonauts, rushed for 155 yards and 2 touchdowns to help the Roughriders rout the Lions before 22,966 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.
10 years ago
Calgary (5-4-1) 20 @ Edmonton (3-6-1) 17
Henry Burris threw touchdown passes of 2 yards to Ken-Yon Rambo and 12 yards to Jeremaine Copeland in the 3rd quarter to provide the winning margin as the Stampeders overcame a 13-0 2nd-quarter deficit to edge the Eskimos before 42,329 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mathieu Bertrand scored the only Edmonton touchdown on a 3-yard pass from Ricky Ray with less than 3 minutes remaining in the 1st quarter. Sean Fleming converted and added 3 field goals and a single off a missed field goal. Edmonton running back Tyler Ebell rushed 7 times for 35 yards and caught 10 passes for 109, while teammate Kamau Peterson caught 6 passes for 177 yards. Mr. Ray completed 27 of 42 passes for 365 yards.
Saskatchewan (2-0) 27 @ Calgary (1-1) 13
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