Sunday, 3 September 2017

September 4, 2017

675 years ago

Died on this date
. Empress of Trebizond, 1341-1342. Anna Anachoutlou, the eldest daughter of Emperor Alexios II, took monastic vows, but was persuaded to take the throne of the Empire of Trebizond--consisting of the far northeastern corner of Anatolia and the southern Crimea--after Empress Irene was deposed. Anna's uncle Michael led a force that deposed and executed her.

250 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Townshend, 42
. English politician. Mr. Townshend, a Whig, began his career in the House of Commons in 1747. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer in the cabinet of Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder, and succeeded in getting Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts: resolutions for taxing several articles, such as glass, paint, paper and tea on their importation into America, which he estimated would produce the sum of ₤40,000 for the English treasury. Mr. Townshend was an epileptic, and died a week after his 42nd birthday.

150 years ago

Politics and government
Democratic Party candidate Henry Huntly Haight was elected Governor of California, taking 54.03% of the vote to 43.71% for Republican Party candidate George Congdon Gorham and 2.26% for independent Republican candidate Caleb T. Fay.

The North Carolina Radical State Convention took place in Raleigh.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Darius Milhaud
. French composer. Mr. Milhaud composed over 400 works; he was greatly influenced by jazz and was considered one of the 20th century's most prominent modernist composers. Mr. Milhaud died on June 22, 1974 at the age of 81.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Edvard Grieg, 64
. Norwegian composer. Mr. Grieg was a leading composer of the Romantic era, often incorporating Norwegian folk music into his works. His works included incidental music for Henrik Ibsen's play Peer Gynt--including the excerpt titled In the Hall of the Mountain King--and Piano Concerto in A Minor. Mr. Grieg died of heart failure after a long period of illness.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Henry Ford II
. U.S. automobile executive. Mr. Ford, the grandson of Henry Ford and son of Edsel Ford, was president of the Ford Motor Company from 1945-1960 and chairman and chief executive officer from 1960-1979. He died on September 29, 1987, 25 days after his 70th birthday.

The American expeditionary force in France suffered its first fatalities in World War I.

75 years ago


Former Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie visited Egyptian King Farouk in Cairo.

Track and field

Gunder Haegg of Sweden broke his own unofficial record for the mile, running the distance of 4:04.6 in Stockholm.

70 years ago

On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Mask of Medusa

60 years ago

Died on this date
Herbert Pulitzer, 61
. U.S. newspaper executive. Mr. Pulitzer, the last surviving son of New York World founder Joseph Pulitzer and successor to his father as publisher of the World newspapers, died in Paris.

Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus (Democrat) called out the National Guard to prevent nine Negro students from entering Central High School in Little Rock.

Ford Motor Company introduced the Edsel.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Flip Side of Timmy Devon

This was the last episode of the series.

Operation Swift began when U.S. Marines engaged North Vietnamese forces in battle in the Que Son Valley.

Montreal (1-3) 5 @ Ottawa (3-1) 17
Toronto (2-3) 9 @ Hamilton (3-1) 12
Edmonton (2-5) 6 @ Saskatchewan (5-1) 18
Winnipeg (2-4) 0 @ Calgary (5-1) 39

Russ Jackson passed for 296 yards, including touchdowns of 29 and 94 yards to Whit Tucker, to lead the Rough Riders over the Alouettes before a record Lansdowne Park crowd of 24,647.

Dick Cohee scored a touchdown, Tommy-Joe Coffey kicked a convert and field goal, and Joe Zuger punted for 2 singles as the Tiger-Cats edged the Argonauts before 25,357 fans at Civic Stadium.

Ron Lancaster threw touchdown passes of 29 and 10 yards to Hugh Campbell to lead the Roughriders over the Eskimos before 21,673 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Saskatchewan fullback George Reed rushed 17 times for 101 yards. Peter Kempf accounted for the Edmonton scoring with 2 field goals. Edmonton halfback Jim Thomas, bothered by an injury going into the game, left after rushing once for -7 yards. It was the first Canadian football league game for Edmonton guard Larry Bird, who had been practicing with the team since joining the Eskimos from Edmonton junior ranks. It was his only game as an Eskimo; he subsequently played at the University of Western Ontario, and then played centre with the Roughriders from 1971-1977. It was the last game in the 2-year CFL career of Edmonton tight end Everett Fullwood.

Peter Liske completed 22 of 34 passes for 420 yards--12 passes for 200 yards and 2 touchdowns to Terry Evanshen--to lead the Stampeders to their rout of the Blue Bombers before 22,561 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Liske completed a 78-yard touchdown pass to Lovell Coleman and another TD pass to Gerry Shaw, and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown of his own in the 2nd quarter.

Tom Shopay and Bill Tuttle hit home runs and Frank Fernandez had 3 hits for the Syracuse Chiefs as they defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 7-2 to end the International League season before just 802 fans at Maple Leaf Stadium, ending the Maple Leafs' 73-year history in Toronto. For Mr. Tuttle, his home run was the 125th of his professional career, coming in the 2,166th and last game of his 17-year professional career. Syd O'Brien's team-leading 10th home run of the season, a 2-run blast in the bottom of the 9th inning, enabled the Maple Leafs to avoid being shut out for the 19th time in 1967. Stan Bahnsen pitched a 7-hit complete game to finish the season with a record of 9-11. Toronto starting pitcher Gary Roggenburk allowed 10 hits and 6 runs--4 earned--in 7+ innings to finish the season at 5-10. The Maple Leafs, the top farm team of the Boston Red Sox, were 8-23 in their last 31 games to finish sixth in the eight-team IL with a record of 64-75-1, 16 games behind the first-place Richmond Braves, and 1 1/2 games ahead of the last-place Chiefs. The Maple Leafs moved to Louisville six weeks later and became the Louisville Colonels.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Boogie Nights--Heat Wave (5th week at #1)

5 people were killed and 11 injured in the Golden Dragon massacre, a shooting by members of the Joe Boys youth gang, at the Golden Dragon Restaurant in San Francisco's Chinatown. None of the casualties were gang members.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Voyage Voyage--Desireless (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Richard Marquand, 49
. U.K. film director. Mr. Marquand's movies included Eye of the Needle (1981); Star Wars: Episode VI--Return of the Jedi (1983); and Jagged Edge (1985). He died of a stroke 18 days before his 50th birthday.

The Calgary radio station formerly known as CKXL became CISS; it remained at 1140 on the AM dial.

Mathias Rust, the 19-year-old West German who had flown a small plane from Helsinki into Red Square in Moscow in May, pled guilty to violating the Soviet border and international flight rules, and was sentenced to four years in a Soviet labour camp for “hooliganism.”

The world's biggest dinosaur nest was uncovered in the Alberta Badlands, 50 miles east of Lethbridge; fetuses in the dinosaur eggs were the first ever uncovered.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate in August had held steady at 5.9%.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board raised its discount rate—the rate charged on loans to financial institutions—to 6% from 5.5%.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (6th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had declined 0.1% to 7.6% in August. Total unemployment in August was down by 83,000 jobs.

The Toronto Blue Jays made 10 straight hits in the 2nd inning of their 16-5 win over the Minnesota Twins before 50,420 fans at SkyDome in Toronto, tying an American League record. Devon White batted 4 for 5 for Toronto, while Chili Davis was 4 for 4 for Minnesota.

Sid Fernandez pitched a 6-hit shutout and didn't walk a batter as the Chicago White Sox blanked the Kansas City Royals 8-0 before 18,513 fans at Royals Stadium. The White Sox scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th to insure the victory.

Darrin Jackson and Tim Teufel hit solo home runs in the top of the 14th inning to break a 5-5 tie as the San Diego Padres beat the Chicgo Cubs 7-5 before 22,074 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Curt Schilling allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Glavine as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 40,768 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Mr. Schilling, with relief help from Mitch Williams, improved his 1992 record to 12-9. Mr. Glavine, who allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 7 innings, dropped to 19-6.

Don Slaught singled home Orlando Merced with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 3-run rally and give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 6-5 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 30,341 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Todd Benzinger had hit a grand slam with 2 out in the top of the 9th to give the Dodgers a 5-3 lead.

With 2 out and nobody on the base in the top of the 10th inning, Robby Thompson singled and scored on a double by Mark Leonard to break a 3-3 tie as the San Francisco Giants edged the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 21,151 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Kevin Rogers made his major league debut as San Francisco's starting pitcher, allowing 8 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 innings, walking 2 batters and striking out 1.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Age of Love--Scooter (3rd week at #1)

At the movies
Mrs Dalloway, starring Vanessa Redgrave, received its premiere screening at the San Sebastian Film Festival.

Huron Central Railway, owned by Genessee Rail-One, took over operation of the former Canadian Pacific Railway line between Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario and Sudbury.

10 years ago

Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda were arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.

Politics and government
Steven Point, a former provincial court judge, treaty negotiator, and chief of the Skowkale First Nation was named by Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper as British Columbia’s first indigenous Lieutenant-Governor.

Toy maker Mattel Inc. recalled 800,000 lead-tainted, Chinese-made toys worldwide, the third major recall in just over a month.

Simon Fraser (0-2) 11 @ British Columbia (1-0) 19

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