Saturday, 2 September 2017

September 2, 2017

825 years ago
1192


War
The Treaty of Jaffa was signed between King Richard I of England and Saladin, leading to the end of the Third Crusade.

225 years ago
1792


Abominations
During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughtered three Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than 200 priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

210 years ago
1807


War

The British Royal Navy bombarded Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to French Emperor Napoleon I.

150 years ago
1867


Married on this date
Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, married Masako Ichijō; the Empress consort was thereafter known as Lady Haruko.

War
The Sublime Porte, the central government of the Ottoman Empire, announced the end of the Candian War.

Economics and finance
The Hawaii Legislature passed the U.S. Reciprocity Treaty.

110 years ago
1907


Canadiana
The first Labour Day celebration in Saskatchewan was held in Regina.

110 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Laurindo Almeida
. Brazilian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Almeida was a guitarist and composer who helped to create the genre of music known as "Jazz Samba." He won five Grammy Awards, and died on July 26, 1995 at the age of 77.

Cleveland Amory. U.K. author. Mr. Amory was known for books such as The Proper Bostonians (1947) and The Cat Who Came for Christmas (1987), but was better known as a prominent advocate of animal welfare. He died on October 14, 1998 at the age of 81.

80 years ago
1937


At the movies
The Prisoner of Zenda, starring Ronald Colman, Madeleine Carroll, Mary Astor, David Niven, and C. Aubrey Smith, received its premier screening at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.

Theatre
The musical Virginia by Arthur Schwartz and Albert Stillman, with a cast that included Gene Lockhart, Nigel Bruce, and Dennis Hoey, opened at the Centre Theatre on Broadway in New York.

Died on this date
Pierre de Coubertin, 74
. French aristocrat. Baron de Coubertin was the founder of the modern Olympic games and the International Olympic Committee, serving as the IOC's president from 1896-1925.

75 years ago
1942


War

The U.S.S.R. reported that German forces had broken defense lines around Stalingrad in both the southwest and northwest. A strong force of U.K. Royal Air Force bombers attacked the German industrial city of Saarbruecken. Allied bombers attacked Japanese forces at Lae and Kokoda in New Guinea and Buka in the Solomon Islands. A week after being convicted in Newark, New Jersey, Herbert Karl Friedrich Bahr was sentenced to 30 years in prison by Judge William F. Smith for conspiring with Germans to commit espionage.

Politics and government
Two more Japanese Foreign Office officials--Hrauhiko Nishi and Shigeru Kawagoe--resigned.

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle reported to Congress that only 36 federal employees had been discharged and 13 disciplined as a result of Federal Bureau of Investigation loyalty investigation of 2,085 workers.

Religion
The Presbyterian Church in the United States of America reported record membership of 2,040,492.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tammy--Debbie Reynolds (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1)

Music
Elvis Presley performed at Multnomah Stadium in Portland, Oregon.





Diplomacy
South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm became the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (0-3) 8 @ Hamilton (2-1) 35

WIFU
British Columbia (1-4) 13 @ Saskatchewan (1-4) 28
Winnipeg (2-2) 8 @ Edmonton (3-1) 41

Jackie Parker scored 2 touchdowns and Earl Lindley, Rollie Miles, Bill Walker, and Mike Lashuk each scored 1 for the Eskimos as they routed the Blue Bombers at Clarke Stadium. Joe Mobra converted 5 of the Edmonton touchdowns. Mr. Lindley's touchdown came on an interception return in his only game of the season and the last game of his 4-year WIFU career.

ORFU
Toronto (0-3) 0 @ London (2-0) 62
Kitchener-Waterloo (0-1) 14 @ Sarnia (2-0) 24

The Lords scored 9 touchdowns and 8 converts in their rout of Balmy Beach at Labatt Park.

John Hill scored 2 touchdowns for the Golden Bears as they defeated the Dutchmen at Norm Perry Park.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Nel sole--Al Bano (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry (2nd week at #1)
2 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
3 Baby I Love You--Aretha Franklin
4 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
5 Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
6 Light My Fire--The Doors
7 Words--The Monkees
8 Heroes and Villains--The Beach Boys
9 Come Back When You Grow Up--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
10 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques

Singles entering the chart were Never My Love by the Association (#58); The Cat in the Window (The Bird in the Sky) by Petula Clark (#72); Ballad of You & Me & Pooneil by Jefferson Airplane (#74); Little Ole Man (Uptight–Everything’s Alright) by Bill Cosby (#82); Purple Haze by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#83); Take a Look by Aretha Franklin (#89); You Can't Do That by Nilsson (#96); Memphis Soul Stew by King Curtis (#97); You're a Very Lovely Woman by the Merry-Go-Round (#98); To Sir with Love by Lulu (#99); and It's Got to Be Mellow by Leon Haywood (#100). Purple Haze was the other side of The Wind Cries Mary.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
2 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
3 Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
4 Thank the Lord for the Night Time--Neil Diamond
5 To Love Somebody--The Bee Gees
6 Light My Fire--The Doors
7 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
8 Fakin' It--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Paper Sun--Traffic featuring Steve Winwood
10 Every Little Bit Hurts--The Spencer Davis Group

Singles entering the chart were Twelve Thirty by the Mamas and the Papas (#59); Just Out of Reach by Percy Sledge (#80); There's Always Me by Elvis Presley (#82); Gettin' Together by Tommy James and the Shondells (#91); I Make a Fool of Myself by Frankie Valli (#92); Never My Love by the Association (#94); Memphis Soul Stew by King Curtis (#95); Put Your Mind at Ease by Every Mother's Son (#96); Our Song by Jack Jones (#98); Laura, What's He Got that I Ain't Got by Brook Benton (#99); and In the Heat of the Night by Ray Charles (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
2 Good Times/San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
3 To Sir with Love--Lulu
4 To Love Somebody--The Bee Gees
5 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
6 Zip Code--The Five Americans
7 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
8 Thank the Lord for the Night Time--Neil Diamond
9 I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
10 Bluebird--Buffalo Springfield

Singles entering the chart were Twelve Thirty by the Mamas and the Papas (#24); Gettin' Together by Tommy James and the Shondells (#30); We Love You/Dandelion by the Rolling Stones (#33); Museum by Herman's Hermits (#35); A Banda by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass (#37); (Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher by Jackie Wilson (#38); I Make a Fool of Myself by Frankie Valli (#39); and That's the Way Love Is by the Isley Brothers (#40).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 To Sir with Love--Lulu (4th week at #1)
2 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
3 Good Times/San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
4 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
5 Zip Code--The Five Americans
6 To Love Somebody--The Bee Gees
7 The Letter--The Box Tops
8 The Wind Cries Mary--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
9 You Know What I Mean--The Turtles
10 Happy--The Sunshine Company

Singles entering the chart were Never My Love by the Association (#25); We Love You/Dandelion by the Rolling Stones (#27); Funky Broadway by Wilson Pickett (#28); (Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher by Jackie Wilson (#29); and Fisherwoman by the Collectors (#30).

Died on this date
Francis Ouimet, 74
. U.S. golfer. Mr. Ouimet was an amateur who defeated British golfers Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in a playoff to win the 1913 U.S. Open. Mr. Ouimet's victory was a tremendous upset, and was credited with sparking a tremendous increase in participation in golf in the United States. Mr. Ouimet won the U.S. Amateur Championship in 1914 and 1931, and lost several close matches to Bobby Jones in the 1920s. He became a successful banker and stockbroker in later years.

Politics and government
Senate elections were held in South Vietnam. 48 lists contested the election, with six lists being elected, with 10 seats each in the Senate.

Hockey
The Hockey Hall of Fame inducted four new members: Turk Broda; Neil Colville; Harry Oliver; and Red Storey.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sorry, I'm a Lady--Baccara

#1 single in France: Ma Baker--Boney M.

Died on this date
Stephen Dunne, 59
. U.S. actor and announcer. Mr. Dunne was an announcer on various radio and television programs, and acted in various radio and television programs and films. He starred in the radio series The Adventures of Sam Spade (1950-1951).

Politics and government
Two days after leading his National Front party to a clean sweep of the seats in parliament in Rhodesia's general election, Prime Minister Ian Smith denounced the U.S.A.-U.K. plan to transfer power in Rhodesia to Negro majority rule. The plan, presented to Mr. Smith in Salisbury on September 1, called for a Negro majority government to be chosen in a one-man, one-vote election by the end of 1978. Mr. Smith described key sections of the plan as "mad," "crazy," and "insane," but promised to consider it carefully before responding.

Football
CIAU
Alberta (1-0) 32 @ Calgary (0-1) 3

Joe Poplawski, Sean Kehoe, and John Tietzen scored touchdowns for the Golden Bears as they routed the Dinosaurs at McMahon Stadium.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Cam Carreon, 50
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Carreon was a catcher with the Chicago White Sox (1959-1964); Cleveland Indians (1965); and Baltimore Orioles (1966), batting .264 with 11 home runs and 114 runs batted in in 354 games. In eight seasons in the minor leagues from 1956-1960 and 1965-1967, Mr. Carreon batted .282 with 29 home runs and at least 297 runs batted in in 694 games.

Diplomacy
The second summit of La Francophonie was held in Québec City.

World events
The trial began in Moscow for 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust, who had flown his Cessna airplane into Red Square on May 13, 1987.

Baseball
Kevin Bass hit 2 home runs and a double as the Houston Astros whipped the Chicago Cubs 10-1 before 17,406 fans at the Astrodome.

Mike LaValliere doubled home 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning, and Bob Walk and Jim Gott combined for a 5-hitter as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 6,259 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

The Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the top of the 7th inning and 3 in the 9th to defeat the San Francisco Giants 7-3 before 18,154 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Herm Winningham led the Montreal attack with a 3-run home run and a run-scoring double in the 9th.

George Bell's 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning broke a 5-5 tie as the Toronto Blue Jays edged the California Angels 7-6 before 33,408 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. David Wells allowed 1 hit and 1 run--earned--in 1 1/3 innings of relief to get his first major league win.

Mickey Tettleton allowed a passed ball on a third strike to Don Mattingly to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and then made an error on a sacrifice bunt by Dan Pasqua, leading to Mr. Mattingly scoring the winning run on a single by pinch hitter Jerry Royster as the New York Yankees edged the Oakland Athletics 3-2 before 33,619 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Seattle Mariners scored 5 runs in the top of the 3rd inning and 2 in the 4th as they overcame a 4-1 deficit and defeated the Baltimore Orioles 8-6 before 22,418 fans at Memorial Stadium.

Bill Schroeder's 3-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 1st inning enabled the Milwaukee Brewers to edge the Kansas City Royals 3-2 before 19,430 fans at Royals Stadium. Winning pitcher Bill Wegman allowed 3 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 innings, while losing pitcher Charlie Leibrandt allowed just 4 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (11th week at #1)

Died on this date
Barbara McClintock, 90
. U.S. geneticist. Ms. McClintock won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1983 "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements." She was one of the world's leading cytogeneticists, i.e., she studied the structure and function of the cell. Ms. McClintock was a leader in the cytogenetics of maize.

Defense
U.S. President George Bush announced that he had approved the sale of 150 F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan.

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada cut interest rates to 6.25%, the lowest in 21 years.

Business
The U.S. cable television network ESPN signed a five-year contract with the National Hockey League for both domestic and international broadcasting rights.

Disasters
The 7.7 Mw Nicaragua earthquake affected the west coast of Nicaragua. With a Ms–Mw disparity of half a unit, this tsunami earthquake triggered a tsunami that caused most of the damage and casualties, with at least 116 killed.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Rudolf Bing, 95
. Austro-Hungarian born impresario. Mr. Bing was general manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York from 1950-1972.

Viktor Frankl, 92. Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist. Dr. Frankl pioneered the school of existential analysis known as logotherapy, which is founded upon the belief that it is the striving to find a meaning in one's life that is the primary, most powerful motivating and driving force in humans. Dr. Frankl was a prisoner in Nazi internment camps from 1942-1945; his experiences inspired his best-known book, Man's Search for Meaning (1946).

Education
Residents of Newfoundland voted to do away with their denominationally-based school systems, despite the fact that religion-based school systems were guaranteed in the Constitution as a condition of Newfoundland entering the Canadian Confederation in 1949.

Transportation
RaiLink took over the former Canadian National Railway lines in northeastern Alberta from Boyle to Lynton, near Fort McMurray; operations started two days later, and the formal transfer was made on November 24.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Max McNab, 83
. Canadian hockey player and coach. Mr. McNab, a native of Watson, Saskatchewan, played centre with the Detroit Red Wings from 1947-51, scoring 16 goals and 19 assists in 128 regular season games and 1 goal and no assists in 25 playoff games. He was a member of the Red Wings' Stanley Cup championship team in 1950. Mr. McNab played with several minor league teams, most notably the New Westminster Royals of the Western Hockey League from 1952-59. He coached several WHL teams, and was general manager of the Washington Capitals from 1975-1981 and the New Jersey Devils from 1983-1987. Mr. McNab was co-recipient of the 1998 Lester Patrick Trophy for service to hockey in the United States. He was the father of Peter McNab, who played centre for four NHL teams--most notably the Boston Bruins--from 1973-87.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (5-3-1) 26 @ Saskatchewan (7-2) 31

Quarterback Kerry Joseph rushed 27 yards for a touchdown on a draw play with 6 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Roughriders their win over the Blue Bombers before 28,800 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina.

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