Sunday, 11 October 2020

October 10, 2020

550 years ago
1470


Born on this date
Selim I
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1512-1520. Selim I, nicknamed Selim the Formidable, acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Bayezid II. Selim I was the first Ottoman caliph; his conquest of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt (1516-1517) contributed to a 70% increase in the size of the Ottoman Empire. He was one of the empire's most successful sultans, although he was known for executing several of his viziers. Sultan Selim I died of cancer on September 22, 1520, 18 days before his 50th birthday, and was succeeded by his son Suleiman I "the Magnficent."

460 years ago
1560


Born on this date
Jakob Hermanszoon, aka Jacobus Arminius
. Dutch theologian. Mr. Arminius was a Protestant theologian and father of the theology known as Arminianism. His theology differed from Calvinism in its belief that God offers His grace to everyone, but an individual can resist it, while Calvinism teaches that the atonement for sin is available only to the elect, and God's grace is irresistible. Mr. Arminius fell afoul of Calvinist authorities, and died on October 19, 1609, nine days after his 49th birthday, after his health failed.

220 years ago
1800


Died on this date
Gabriel Prosser, 23 or 24
. U.S. rebel. Mr. Prosser was a Negro born into slavery on a tobacco plantation in Virginia. He was a blacksmith who had been taught to read and write, and planned a slave rebellion for August 30, 1800, intended to end in Richmond. The rebellion was postponed because of rain, and two slaves told their owner, Mosby Sheppard, about the uprising. Mr. Prosser escaped to Norfolk, but was betrayed and captured. He was returned to Richmond, and was hanged with his two brothers and 23 other slaves. The prospect of a rebellion led to laws in Virginia and other slave states imposing restrictions on free Negroes, and prohibiting the education, assembly, and hiring out of slaves in order to restrict their chances to learn and to plan similar rebellions. Mr. Prosser and his co-conspirators were informally pardoned in 2007 by Virginia Governor Tim Kaine.

210 years ago
1810


Born on this date
Alfred Kennerley
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Mr. Kennerley move from England to Australia as a young man, and became a successful farmer and magistrate. He was an alderman in the Tasmanian capital of Hobart in the late 1850s, and served as Mayor in 1862, 1863, 1871 and 1872. Mr. Kennerley was Premier of Tasmania from 1873-1876; he resigned in frustration at having diffulty getting anything done. He died on November 15, 1897 at the age of 87.

200 years ago
1820


Died on this date
W.C. Nicholas, 59
. U.S. politician. Wilson Cary Nicholas, a Democratic-Republican, represented Albemarle County in the Virginia House of Delegates (1784-1786, 1788-1789, 1794-1799); represented Virginia in the U.S. Senate (1799-1804); represented Virginia's 21st District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1807-1809); and was Governor of Virginia (1814-1816). He left an estate that was insolvent.

190 years ago
1830


Born on this date
Isabel II
. Queen of Spain, 1833-1868. Isabel II acceded to the throne shortly before her 3rd birthday upon the death of her father Ferdinand VII. Her right to the throne was challenged by her uncle the Infante Carlos, leading to the Carlist Wars that on for more than four decades. Maria Christina, Queen consort to King Ferdinand VII, ruled as regent during Queen Isabel's minority, and oversaw Spain's transition from an absolute monarchy to a consitutional monarchy. Isabel II's reign was characterized by palace intrigues and military revolts, and she was finally deposed in 1868. She spent most of the rest of her life in Paris, and formally renounced her rights in 1870 in favour of her son, who became King Alfonso XII in 1874. Queen Isabella II died in Paris on April 9, 1904 at the age of 73, after a bout of influenza.

175 years ago
1845


Defense
The United States Naval School (now the United States Naval Academy) opened in Annapolis, Maryland with 50 midshipmen and 7 faculty members.

170 years ago
1850

Transportation

The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal was completed and opened for business along its entire 184.5 mile length from Washington, D.C. to Cumberland, Maryland.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Fridolf Rhudin
. Swedish actor and comedian. Mr. Rhudin was known for his comic performances in plays and films, but was best known for the monologue Den ensamma hunden (The Lonely Dog). He died of meningitis on March 6, 1935 at the age of 39.

Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen. German military officer. Generalfeldmarschall Richtofen, a cousin of "Red Baron" Manfred von Richtofen, served with the Luftwaffe in both world wars. He was already suffering from a brain tumour when he was taken prisoner by American forces shortly after the German surrender to the Allies in May 1945, and died in captivity on July 12, 1945 at the age of 49.

Alfred Neuland. Estonian weightlifter. Mr. Neuland became the first Estonian to win an Olympic medal, winning the gold medal in the men's lightweight competition at the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, and the silver medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. He won the world championship in 1922, and set three world records from 1920-1923. Mr. Neuland died on November 16, 1966 at the age of 71.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Helen Hayes
. U.S. actress. Miss Hayes was known as the "First Lady of the American Theatre." She won the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931) and for Best Supporting Actress for Airport (1970), and won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play for Happy Birthday (1947) and Time Remembered (1958). Miss Hayes also won an Emmy Award for Best Actress in 1953--for no specific role--and also won a Grammy Award, becoming one of 11 people to win all four awards. She died on March 17, 1993 at the age of 92.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail Halvorsen!
Colonel Halvorsen joined the United States Army Air Forces in 1942 and served in the South Atlantic theatre during World War II. He was assigned to fly supplies to Berlin during the Berlin Airlift in 1948, and initiated "Operation Little Vittles," dropping candy to starving children. The project earned then-Lieutenant Halvorsen numerous nicknames, including "Berlin Candy Bomber." He carried out similar relief projects in other countries until and after his retirement from the U.S. Air Force in 1974.

Football
APFA
Columbus (0-2) 0 @ Akron (2-0) 37
Cleveland (0-0-1) 0 @ Dayton (1-0-1) 0
Hammond (0-1) @ Rock Island (3-0) 26
Chicago Cardinals (0-0-1) 0 @ Chicago Tigers (0-0-1) 0
Kewanee 7 @ Decatur (2-0) 25
All-Buffalo 0 @ Buffalo (2-0) 51
Fort Porter 0 @ Rochester (2-0) 66
Toledo 0 @ Canton (2-0) 42
Cleveland Panthers 14 @ Detroit (1-0) 40

Wisconsin professional
Stambaugh Miners 0 @ Green Bay (2-0-1) 3

Baseball
World Series
Brooklyn Robins 1 @ Cleveland Indians 8 (Cleveland led best-of-nine series 3-2)

Elmer Smith hit the first grand slam in World Series history in the 1st inning, and Jim Bagby became the first pitcher in World Series history to hit a home run when he hit a 3-run blow in the 4th as the Indians beat the Robins 8-1 before 26,884 fans at League Park in a game that was over in 1 hour 49 minutes. In the top of the 5th, the Robins had Pete Kilduff on second base and Otto Miller on first, when Clarence Mitchell, who had relieved losing pitcher Burleigh Grimes in the 4th inning, hit a line drive to Cleveland second baseman Bill Wambsganss. Mr. Wambsganss caught the line drive, stepped on second base before Mr. Kilduff could get back, and tagged Mr. Miller.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



Died on this date
Berton Churchill, 63
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Churchill, a native of Toronto, has a successful career on Broadway before appearing in more than 125 films, usually as a stern or pompous character. He helped to found the Screen Actors Guild. Mr. Churchill died of uremic poisoning.

75 years ago
1945


Politics and government
The Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang signed a principle agreement in Chongqing about the future of post-war China . Later, the pact was commonly referred to as the Double Tenth Agreement.

Baseball
World Series
Detroit Tigers 9 @ Chicago Cubs 3 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Tigers scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to victory over the Cubs before 41,590 fans at Wrigley Field for their first World Series championship in 10 years. Hal Newhouser pitched a 10-hit complete game, striking out 10, for his second win of the series. The game remains the most recent World Series game in which the Cubs have played.



70 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Criminals Mark, starring Richard Kiley, Catherine McLeod, and Joseph Wiseman

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Eres Diferente--Los Cinco Latinos (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Romantica--Dalida (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne
2 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
3 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
4 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
5 The Twist--Chubby Checker
6 A Million to One--Jimmy Charles and the Reveletts
7 So Sad (To Watch Good Love Go Bad)--The Everly Brothers
8 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
9 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
10 Kiddio--Brook Benton

Singles entering the chart were To Each His Own by the Platters (#72); The Hucklebuck (#73)/Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On (#90) by Chubby Checker; Peter Gunn by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#74); Alone at Last by Jackie Wilson (#75); It's Not the End of Everything by Tommy Edwards (#78); Humdinger by Freddy Cannon (#82); Hush-Hush by Jimmy Reed (#86); Everglades by the Kingston Trio (#87); Serenata by Sarah Vaughan (#89); Don't Let Love Pass Me By by Frankie Avalon (#93); Harmony by Billy Bland (#94); Have Mercy Baby by the Bobbettes (#96); (The Clickity Clack Song) Four Little Heels by Brian Hyland (#97); One of the Lucky Ones by Anita Bryant (#98); Last Date by Floyd Cramer (#99); and If She Should Come to You (La Montana) by Anthony Newley (#100). Don't Let Love Pass Me By was the B-side of Togetherness, charting at #43.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Music Vendor)
1 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)
2 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
3 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne
4 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
5 So Sad (To Watch Good Love Go Bad)--The Everly Brothers
6 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
7 A Million to One--Jimmy Charles and the Reveletts
8 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
9 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
10 The Twist--Chubby Checker

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Blue Angel--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)
2 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
3 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
4 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
5 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
6 Shortnin' Bread--Paul Chaplain
7 Robot Man--Jamie Horton
8 Rocking Goose--Johnny and the Hurricanes
9 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
10 A Million to One--Jimmy Charles and the Reveletts

Singles entering the chart were Hushaby Little Guitar by Paul Evans (#38); Stay with Me by Ed Townsend (#41); Patsy by Jack Scott (#44); Theme from The Apartment by Ferrante and Teicher with their Orchestra & Chorus (#45); The Dark at the Top of the Stairs by Ernie Freeman (#47); Peter Gunn by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#48); Irresistable You by Bobby Peterson (#50); Cincinnati Fireball by Johnny Burnette (#52); Tom and Suzie/China Doll by Bobby Swanson (#54); Artificial Flowers/Somebody to Love by Bobby Darin (#55); To Each His Own by the Platters (#56); Bongola by Preston Epps (#57); A Rose and a Thorn by Andy Rose (#58); A Thousand Stars by Kathy Young with the Innocents (#59); and School Bus by Kris Jensen (#60). The Dark at the Top of the Stairs was a version of the theme from the movie.

Football
CFL
EFC
Ottawa (8-3) 51 @ Montreal (3-8) 21
Toronto (8-3) 16 @ Hamilton (3-8) 20

WIFU
Winnipeg (12-1) 48 @ Saskatchewan (1-10-1) 7

22,199 fans were at Molson Stadium to see the Alouettes lose to the Rough Riders, and they saw Ottawa halfback Ron Stewart set a single-game rushing record that still stands. Mr. Stewart rushed for 287 yards; amazingly, he did it on just 15 carries, for an average gain of 19.1.

25,000 were at Civic Stadium to see the Tiger-Cats defeat the Argonauts; the individual highlight was turned in by Bob Jarus of the Tiger-Cats, who rushed 99 yards for a touchdown to set a team record for the longest run from scrimmage.

10,350 were in attendance at Taylor Field in Regina to see the Roughriders lose to the Blue Bombers.

Baseball
World Series
Pittsburgh Pirates 5 @ New York Yankees 2 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Bill Mazeroski doubled in 2 runs and Roy Face pitched 2.2 innings of hitless relief for his third save of the Series as the Pirates defeated the Yankees before 62,753 fans at Yankee Stadium. Harvey Haddix was the winning pitcher over Art Ditmar.



40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France: L'aigle noir (Dédié à Laurence)--Barbara (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Band of Gold--Freda Payne (4th week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (7th week at #1)
--The Mixtures
2 Yellow River--Autumn
--Jigsaw
--Christie
--Leapy Lee
3 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
4 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
5 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
6 Old Man Emu--John Williamson
7 The Wonder of You--Elvis Presley
8 Make it with You--Bread
9 Rhythm of Life--Diana Ross & the Supremes and the Temptations
10 The Long and Winding Road/For You Blue--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were The Letter by Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People (#43); Ain't No Mountain High Enough by Diana Ross (#55); and Tighter, Tighter by Alive and Kicking (#57).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lola--The Kinks (3rd week at #1)
2 Back Home--Golden Earring
3 Wild World--Jimmy Cliff
4 Suicide is Painless--The Mash
5 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers
6 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & Miracles
7 Wigwam--Bob Dylan
8 Hulen is Voor Jou te Laat--Corry en de Rekels
9 Peace Will Come--Melanie
10 Sex Machine--James Brown

Singles entering the chart were Flash by the Duke of Burlington (#19); If I Could Do it All Over Again I'd Do it All Over You by Caravan (#22); Fish Cheer & I Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-To-Die-Rag by Country Joe & the Fish (#31); My Way by Samantha Jones (#36); Montego Bay by Bobby Bloom (#37); I am the Walrus by Spooky Tooth (#38); and I'll Be on My Way Home Again by the Everly Brothers (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
2 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
3 Candida--Dawn
4 Ain't No Mountain High Enough--Diana Ross
5 All Right Now--Free
6 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
7 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
8 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
9 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
10 (I Know) I'm Losing You--Rare Earth

Singles entering the chart were Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#62); I Think I Love You by the Partridge Family (#75); Let's Work Together by Canned Heat (#84); Time Waits for No One by the Friends of Distinction (#85); America/Standing/Because I Love You by the Five Stairsteps (#86); Dreams by Buddy Miles (#90); Up on the Roof by Laura Nyro (#92); Father Come on Home by Pacific Gas & Electric (#95); Time to Kill by The Band (#96); I'm Better Off Without You by the Main Ingredient (#99); and Listen Here by Brian Auger and the Trinity (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Candida--Dawn
2 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 Lookin’ Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 (I Know) I'm Losing You--Rare Earth
6 Snowbird--Anne Murray
7 Ain’t No Mountain High Enough--Diana Ross
8 All Right Now--Free
9 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
10 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters

Singles entering the chart were The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#70); Heed the Call by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#71); Woodstock by the Assembled Multitude (#84); Because I Love You/America/Standing by the Five Stairsteps (#85); Fresh Air by Quicksilver Messenger Service (#86); Let's Work Together by Canned Heat (#87); After Midnight by Eric Clapton (#92); Seems Like I Gotta Do Wrong by the Whispers (#94); Odyssey Parks Rock by the Al Capps Band (#97); Time to Kill by The Band (#96); and I Need Help (I Can't Do it Alone) Pt. I by Bobby Byrd (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
2 Candida--Dawn
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 Snowbird--Anne Murray
5 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
6 (I Know) I'm Losing You--Rare Earth
7 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
8 All Right Now--Free
9 Patches--Clarence Carter
10 Groovy Situation--Gene Chandler

Singles entering the chart were Super Bad by James Brown (#48); Make it Easy on Yourself by Dionne Warwick (#58); The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#59); I Think I Love You by the Partridge Family (#65); Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#67); Heed the Call by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#75); Losers Weepers by Etta James (#89); 5-10-15-20 (25-30 Years of Love) by the Presidents (#91); Fresh Air by Quicksilver Messenger Service (#94); Day is Done by the Brooklyn Bridge (#95); Jerusalem by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass (#97); This World by Sweet Inspirations (#98); and King of Rock and Roll by Crow (#99).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival (3rd week at #1)
2 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
3 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
4 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
5 Ten Pound Note--Steel River
6 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
7 Candida--Dawn
8 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
9 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
10 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel

Singles entering the chart were Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#59); I Think I Love You by the Partridge Family (#61); I Do Take You by the Three Degrees (#68); Make it Easy on Yourself by Dionne Warwick (#72); Ain't That Tellin' You People by the Original Caste (#85); Stand by Your Man by Candi Staton (#94); Bluegreens on the Wing by William Truckaway (#96); Montego Bay by Bobby Bloom (#98); Gypsy Woman by Brian Hyland (#99); and Time Waits for No One by the Friends of Distinction (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
2 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 The Circle Game--Buffy Sainte-Marie
5 Bluegreens on the Wing--William Truckaway
6 Snowbird--Anne Murray
7 (I Know) I'm Losing You--Rare Earth
8 Patches--Clarence Carter
9 Corrina, Corrina--King Biscuit Boy with Crowbar
10 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
Pick hit of the week: Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

Died on this date
Édouard Daladier, 86
. Prime Minister of France, 1933, 1934, 1938-1940. Mr. Daladier, a Radical-Socialist, represented Vaucluse in the French Chamber of Deputies (1919-1940, 1946-1958). His first government, of the republican left, lasted from January-October 1933, but his second government collapsed after 10 days in the wake of anti-parliamentarist riots. Mr. Daladier returned to power in April 1938, moving in a centrist direction. He reluctantly signed the Munich Agreement on September 30, 1938 in order to avoid war, but thought the agreement a shameful betrayal of Czechoslovakia. Mr. Daladier resigned as Prime Minister in March 1940, but remained as Defense Minister until May, and then served briefly as Foreign Minister. He fled to French Morocco, but was caught and imprisoned in the Pyrenees (1940-1943), and was in Nazi custody (1943-1945). Mr. Daladier returned to the Chamber of Deputies in 1946, and was elected Mayor of Avignon in 1953. He retired from politics after losing his Chamber of Deputies seat in the 1958 election.

Terrorism
Five days after Front de Liberation du Quebec members had kidnapped British trade commissioner James Cross in Montreal and minutes after Canadian government officials had offered his kidnappers safe conduct to a foreign country, two FLQ terrorists carrying submachine guns kidnapped Quebec Labour and Immigration Minister Pierre Laporte from the lawn of his home outside Montreal. There was still no word on the fate of Mr. Cross after the terrorists' deadline for freeing 23 prisoners passed unmet.

Oceanatica
Fiji gained her independence from Great Britain, becoming a dominion within the Commonwealth.

War
The week's death toll in Vietnam included 46 U.S. soldiers and 37 non-combatants. The U.S. Command in Saigon said that 513 Americans were wounded in action--153 more than the previous week, bringing the total number of wounded to 290,513 and 43,824 killed in almost 10 years of war. Communist dead for the week dropped 321 to 1,179.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-7) 7 @ Toronto (6-5) 50

B.C. quarterback Paul Brothers sneaked 1 yard for a touchdown, converted by Ted Gerela, to give the Lions the lead early in the 1st quarter before the Argonauts took over. Starting Toronto quarterback Tom Wilkinson handed off to Dave Raimey for a 3-yard touchdown and completed a 75-yard touchdown pass to Bill Symons. Don Jonas converted both and added a 42-yard field goal to give the Argonauts a 17-7 halftime lead. In the second half, Mr. Wilkinson completed touchdown passes to Tony Moro and Tom Bland, both converted by Mr. Jonas, before Mr. Jonas took over at quarterback and threw touchdown passes to Mel Profit and Mr. Bland. He converted both and added a 19-yard field goal, while Dave Mann punted for a single. The usual sellout crowd of 33,135 was in attendance at CNE Stadium.

CIAU
Calgary (2-3) 20 Alberta (3-1) 10
British Columbia (1-4) 9 Saskatchewan (1-3) 8

Al Larson's 7-yard touchdown pass to Ed Dempster on the last play of the game gave the Thunderbirds their first win since re-entering play in Canada after several years of playing American football in a U.S. league. The winning score, which was unconverted, came immediately after the Huskies were called for pass interference at their 7-yard line on what should have been the last play.

NFL
Miami (3-1) 20 @ New York Jets (1-3) 6

Baseball
World Series
Baltimore Orioles 4 @ Cincinnati Reds 3 (Baltimore led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Reds took a 3-0 lead after 3 innings--with 2 of the runs coming on a home run by Lee May in the 3rd--but the Orioles came back with a 2-run homer by Boog Powell, a solo shot by Ellie Hendricks, and another solo homer by Brooks Robinson to defeat the Reds 4-3 before 51,531 fans at Riverfront Stadium. In the bottom of the 6th, with the game tied 3-3, the Reds had Bernie Carbo on third base and Tommy Helms on first with 1 out. Pinch hitter Ty Cline hit a chopper down the third base line, signalled fair by home plate umpire Ken Burkhart. Mr. Carbo came home, and Mr. Hendricks, who had fielded the ball, tagged Mr. Carbo--who appeared to have missed the plate with his slide--with his mitt--on his left hand--while holding the ball in his right hand. Mr. Burkhart called Mr. Carbo out. Just as important to the outcome, Mr. May had batted before Mr. Carbo and had sent a sharp grounder down the third base line, which Mr. Robinson had backhanded and then thrown to first to nail Mr. May by a step. It was one of several outstanding fielding plays that Mr. Robinson was to make during the Series.



40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Upside Down--Diana Ross (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Il jouait du piano debout--France Gall

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Can't Stop the Music--Village People (2nd week at #1)
2 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA
3 Emotional Rescue--The Rolling Stones
4 Paradise Road--Joy
5 Upside Down--Diana Ross
6 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
7 Magic--Olivia Newton-John
8 D.I.S.C.O.--Ottawan
9 Fame--Irene Cara
10 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.

Singles entering the chart were Samantha by David London (#18); and Gimme the Love by Neville Nash (#20).

War
Libya declared its support for Iran in her war against Iraq.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher delivered a speech at a Conservative party convention in Brighton in which she declared her determination to stick to tough economic policies.

The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front was founded in El Salvador.

Disasters
At least 3,500 people were killed and as many as 200,000 were left homeless when a double earthquake estimated at 7.5 and 6.5 on the Richter scale struck the Algerian city of Al Asnam.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Kansas City 4 @ New York 2 (Kansas City won best-of-five series 3-0)

George Brett’s 3-run home run off losing pitcher Goose Gossage in the top of the 7th inning held up as the Royals defeated the Yankees before 56,588 fans at Yankee Stadium for their first AL pennant. Frank White also homered for the Royals. Paul Splittorff pitched 5.1 innings for the Royals but left with his team trailing 2-1. Dan Quisenberry pitched 3.2 innings to get the win. Tommy John pitched 6.2 innings for the Yankees before being relieved by Mr. Gossage. It was the last game for Dick Howser as manager of the Yankees. The rookie manager resigned in the off-season when he refused to fire third base coach Mike Ferraro, who, during this game, waved a runner home who was tagged out.





National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 0 @ Houston 1 (11 innings) (Houston led best-of-five series 2-1)

Joe Morgan led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a triple off Tug McGraw and scored on a sacrifice fly by Denny Walling to give the Astros their win over the Phillies before 44,443 fans in the first post-season game ever played at the Astrodome. Dave Smith, who had entered the game to begin the 11th inning, got the win after Joe Niekro had pitched 10 shutout innings. Philadelphia starter Larry Christenson pitched 6 innings; he was followed by Dickie Noles, and then Mr. McGraw pitched 3 innings in taking the loss.



30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Cost of Living

Died on this date
Tom Murton, 62
. U.S. penologist. Dr. Murton was best known for his wardenship of Arkansas prison farms in the late 1960s. He criticized the system as corrupt, and was dismissed by Governor Winthrop Rockefeller early in 1968 after less than a year on the job. Dr. Murton's book Accomplices to the Crime: The Arkansas Prison Scandal (1969) was fictionalized as the movie Brubaker (1980). Dr. Murton died of cancer.

World events
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir appointed a commission to investigate the shootings of Palestinians two days earlier who were protesting the presence of the Temple Mount Faithful at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

Iraq allowed about 360 people, mostly American men of Arabic descent, to leave Kuwait.

Politics and government
Canadian federal Liberal Party leader Jean Chretien said that he didn't know how long the filibuster in the Senate against the Progressive Conservative government's Goods and Services tax bill would continue: "If they sit 24 hours a day, I don't know how long they can last."

Crime
Asif Ali Zandari, husband of former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, was arrested and charged with extortion and the 1989 kidnapping of a British businessman. Ms. Bhutto called the investigation a witch hunt.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Boston 1 @ Oakland 3 (Oakland won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Dave Stewart pitched 8 innings before yielding a run and Rick Honeycutt picked up the save as the Athletics defeated the Red Sox 3-1 before 49,052 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. The Red Sox managed just 4 hits against Mr. Stewart--who earned his second win of the Series--and Mr. Honeycutt. Boston starter Roger Clemens was ejected with 2 out in the 2nd inning for vociferously protesting the balls and strikes calls of home plate umpire Terry Cooney. Tom Bolton relieved Mr. Clemens and gave up a 2-run double to Mike Gallego. The Athletics became the first team to win a playoff series without hitting a home run.



National League Championship Series
Cincinnati 2 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Doug Drabek pitched 8.1 strong innings and Bob Patterson bailed him out of a 9th-inning jam to get the save as the Pirates edged the Reds 3-2 before 48,221 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. The Reds scored a run in the top of the 1st, but the Pirates came back with 2 in the bottom half on a triple by Andy Van Slyke and a Cincinnati error.



25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Fairground--Simply Red

Chess
Gary Kasparov, who had been stripped of his world title by the International Chess Federation, played a draw with Viswanathan Anand of India, ensuring victory with an insurmountable lead of 10½-7½ in a match sponsored by the Professional Chess Association, which Mr. Kasparov had created in 1993. The match took place on the 107th floor of the World Trade Center in New York City, with as many as 1,200 spectators attending daily, and 300 million people in India watching on live television. Mr. Kasparov's share of the purse was $900,000, while Mr. Anand, in his first championship match at age 25, took home $450,000.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Atlanta 2 @ Cincinnati 1 (11 innings) Atlanta led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Mike Devereaux singled home Fred McGriff with 2 out in the top of the 11th inning to give the Braves their win over the Reds before 40,382 fans at Riverfront Stadium.



American League Championship Series
Cleveland 2 @ Seattle 3 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Luis Sojo doubled home Jay Buhner with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Mariners edged the Indians before 57,065 fans at the Kingdome.

10 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Sirimavo Bandaranaike, 84
. Prime Minister of Ceylon/Sri Lanka, 1960-1965, 1970-1977, 1994-2000. Mrs. Bandaranaike was the wife of Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike; she entered politics after the assassination of her husband in 1959, became Chairwoman of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, and led the party to victory in the July 1960 election. Mrs. Bandaranaike attempted to form a socialist republic, and oversaw the drafting of a new constitution in 1972, when the country became the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Mrs. Bandaranaike was appointed to a third term as Prime Minister after her daughter Srima Dissanayake was elected President in 1994. Mrs. Bandaranaike retired as Prime Minister in August 2000, two months before her death.

Diplomacy
General Jo Myong Rok, first vice-chairman of North Korea's National Defense Commission, met with U.S. President Bill Clinton at the White House, becoming the first official of his country ever to meet with an American president. The United States wanted North Korea to freeze its missile tests and end missile exports. The search for remains of Americans killed in the Korean War was also discussed.

Crime
Maurice "Mom" Boucher, leader of the Hell's Angels motorcycle gang in Quebec, was arrested after the Quebec Court of Appeal quashed a not guilty verdict issued in a double murder trial two years earlier in Montreal. Mr. Boucher was accused of ordering the ambush murders of two prison guards in 1997. He had been a central figure in a gang war against a rival gang called Rock Machine that had claimed 155 lives over six years.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Seattle 2 @ New York 0 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Freddy Garcia (1-0) and three relievers combined for a 6-hitter as the Mariners shut out the Yankees before 54,481 fans at Yankee Stadium. Losing pitcher Denny Neagle (0-1) and three Yankee relievers combined to allow just 5 hits.



10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Joan Sutherland, 83
. Australian singer. Dame Joan was a coloratura soprano who achieved international success in an operatic career spanning more than 40 years. She spent her later years in Switzerland, where she died, four weeks before her 84th birthday.

Solomon Burke, 70 or 74. U.S. musician. Mr. Burke, whose nicknames included "King Solomon," was a charismatic preacher in his youth before embarking on a career as a guitarist, singer, and songwriter that spanned 55 years. He was credited with coining the phrase "soul music," and had nine singles that reached the top ten on the Billboard rhythm and blues chart, with Got to Get You Off My Mind reaching #1 in 1965. Mr. Burke, a bishop of the United House of Prayer for All People, struggled with weight problems for years, and died of a pulmonary embolism while on a plane landing at Amsterdam, where he was scheduled to perform two days later.

Politics and government
The Netherlands Antilles were dissolved as a country and integrated into the Netherlands.

Baseball
National League Division Series
San Francisco 3 @ Atlanta 2 (San Francisco led best-of-five series 2-1)



Philadelphia 2 @ Cincinnati 0 (Philadelphia won best-of-five series 3-0)



American League Division Series
Tampa Bay 5 @ Texas 2 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)



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