Thursday, 29 October 2020

October 29, 2020

630 years ago
1390


Society
Paris hosted its first trial for witchcraft, leading to the deaths of three people.

280 years ago
1740


Born on this date
James Boswell
. U.K. author. Mr. Boswell, a native of Edinburgh, was a lawyer who was best known for his biography The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1791), which has been called the greatest biography ever written. Venereal disease and heavy drinking contributed to Mr. Boswell's death at the age of 54 on May 19, 1795.

120 years ago
1900


Politics and government
Rodmond Roblin was sworn in as Premier of Manitoba, succeeding Hugh John Macdonald.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
A. J. Ayer
. U.K. philosopher. Sir Alfred Jules "Freddie" Ayer was known for his promotion of logical positivism, particularly in his books Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956). He died on June 27, 1989 at the age of 78.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Hamilton (3-1) 14 @ Montreal (2-2) 7
Ottawa (1-3) 4 @ Toronto (2-2) 11

Ben Simpson kicked 11 singles for the Tigers in their win over the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association at the MAAA Grounds.

Canadian university
Toronto (4-0) 26 @ Ottawa (0-4) 5
McGill (1-3) 10 @ Queen’s (3-1) 14

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Baruj Benacerraf
. Venezuelan-born U.S. physician and immunologist. Dr. Benacerraf moved to Paris with his family in 1925 and then emigrated to the United States in 1940. He shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Jean Dausset and George Snell "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions." Dr. Benacerraf died on August 2, 2011 at the age of 90.

90 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
Newark (1-10-1) 7 @ New York (7-1) 34

80 years ago
1940


War
Rome radio reported that the Italian army had moved 40 miles inside the Greek border, while other claimed that Greek troops were offering stubborn resistance. The Australian War Council was sworn in in Melbourne.

Defense
The United States began its first peacetime military draft when Secretary of War Henry Stimson drew numbers at the War Department auditorium.

Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río said that any accord with the United States would provide for naval and air bases in Mexico.

Olympics
The American Olympic Committee officially disbanded with over $110,000 in unspent funds.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (6th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
3 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
4 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
5 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
6 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
7 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
8 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
9 I'm Gonna Love that Gal (Like She’s Never Been Loved Before)--Perry Como
10 Gotta Be This or That--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Surprise Party by Johnny Mercer (#21); Who Threw the Whiskey in the Well by Lucky Millinder and his Orchestra (#22); You Came Along (From Out of Nowhere) by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#31); Waitin' for the Train to Come In by Johnny Long and His Orchestra and Dick Robertson (#40); Leap Frog by Les Brown and his Orchestra (#41); At Mail Call Today by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra with Red Foley (#42); and What Do You Want to Make Those Eyes at Me For by Betty Hutton (#43). You Came Along (From Out of Nowhere) was the B-side of Hong Kong Blues, charting at #12. At Mail Call Today was the B-side of Shame on You, charting at #34.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder by Moonlight

World events
The war crimes trial of Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita opened in Manila.

War
Communist troops were reported entrenched in Manchuria along rail lines and near three ports where U.S. warships were scheduled to land Chinese government troops.

Politics and government
Getúlio Vargas resigned as President of Brazil, turning the office over to Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares until a new president was elected.

Defense
U.S. Army General George Marshall warned that if the United Nations were to have any chance of success, the United States must remain strong, and demobilization must not become military "disintegration."

The Association of Manhattan District Scientists, whose members worked on the atomic bomb, criticized the May-Johnson bill because it aimed to maintain an American monopoly on the bomb.

Health
The U.S. Census Bureau reported that maternal and infant mortality deaths were 6,139 and 111,127 respectively in 1944, the lowest on record.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Price Administration chief Chester Bowles and War Production Board Chairman Julius Krug announced the end of automobile rationing.

Labour
U.S. Secretary of Labor Lewis Schwellenbach told a Senate committee that the payment of "uniformly lower wages" to women "depresses the whole wage structure," and urged legislation banning wage differentials because of sex.

70 years ago
1950


Died on this date
Gustaf V, 92
. King of Sweden, 1907-1950. Gustaf V acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Oscar II. He was the last Swedish monarch to exercise his royal prerogatives, but oversaw the transition of his role to that of figurehead. King Gustaf held anti-Communist and pro-German views, and his approval of a German request to alow the transfer of German troops through Sweden to northern Finland in the summer of 1941 caused a brief constitutional crisis. King Gustaf allegedly had a homosexual affair with criminal Kurt Haijby, which led to Mr. Haijby's imprisonment for blackmail after the king's death. King Gustaf was an avid tennis player, and was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980. He died from complications of the flu, and was succeeded by his son Gustaf VI.

Football
CRU ORFU
Windsor (2-6) 5 @ Toronto (6-2) 31

The game was played at Maple Leaf Stadium.

NFL
Chicago Bears (4-2) 27 @ New York Yanks (6-1) 38
Washington (1-5) 3 @ Philadelphia (5-1) 35
Pittsburgh (2-5) 7 @ Cleveland (5-2) 45
New York Giants (4-2) 3 @ Chicago Cardinals (3-3) 17
Baltimore (0-6) 14 @ San Francisco (2-5) 17
Detroit (3-4) 24 @ Los Angeles (5-2) 65

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Schiff wird kommen--Lale Andersen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Only the Lonely (Know How I Feel)--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters (3rd week at #1)
2 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
3 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
4 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
5 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
6 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
7 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
8 Don't Be Cruel--Bill Black's Combo
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Kiddio--Brook Benton

Singles entering the chart were Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On by Conway Twitty (#65, charting with the version by Chubby Checker); Am I the Man by Jackie Wilson (#74); I'll Save the Last Dance for You by Damita Jo (#77); Midnight Lace, with versions by Ray Ellis and his Orchestra; Ray Conniff and his Orchestra; and David Carroll and his Orchestra (#90); Ballad of the Alamo, with versions by Marty Robbins; and Bud and Travis (#91); Psycho by Bobby Hendricks (#96); A Thousand Stars by Kathy Young with the Innocents (#98); One of the Lucky Ones by Anita Bryant (#99); and Satisfied (Part 2) by the Cashmeres (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
2 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
3 Tonights the Night--The Shirelles
4 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
5 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
6 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
7 Wait for Me--The Playmates
8 China Doll--Bobby Swanson
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Hushaby Little Guitar--Paul Evans

Singles entering the chart were You're Sixteen by Johnny Burnette (#34); Release Me by Jivin' Gene (#37); Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#40); Like Strangers by the Everly Brothers (#41); Devil or Angel by Bobby Vee (#42); My Girl Josephine by Fats Domino (#43); Am I Losing You by Jim Reeves (#44); School Bus by Kris Jensen (#45); Ruby Duby Du by Tobin Matthews & Co. (#46); Billy, Billy Went a Walking by the Beau Marks (#47); Love Walked In by Dinah Washington (#49); and The Hucklebuck by Chubby Checker (#50). Billy, Billy Went a Walking was the B-side of 'Cause We're in Love, which was not on the chart.

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Velvet Frame

Disasters
A C-46 airliner carrying the California Polytechnic State University Mustangs football team crashed during takeoff from Toledo Express Airport in Ohio, U.S., resulting in 22 deaths.

Boxing
Olympic light heavyweight gold medalist Cassius Clay made his professional debut, fighting as a heavyweight. He won a 6-round unanimous decision over Tunney Hunsaker (15-10-1) at Freedom Hall State Fairground in Louisville, Kentucky.



Football
CFL
EFC
Ottawa (9-5) 24 @ Hamilton (4-10) 26

WIFU
Saskatchewan (2-12-2) 0 @ British Columbia (5-9-2) 38

12,000 fans at Civic Stadium saw the Tiger-Cats prevent the Rough Riders from capturing first place in the EFC. Don Sutherin, recently released by the Pittsburgh Steelers, rejoined the Tiger-Cats to play his first CFL game in 2 years, and contributed 10 points.

21,114 were at Empire Stadium in Vancouver to see the Lions end their season with a shutout over the Roughriders. It was the final game for Ken Carpenter as head coach of the Roughriders; he came out of retirement as a player and joined the Denver Broncos of the American Football League to finish the season.

Canadian university
SIFL
Western Ontario 6 @ McGill 57

WCIAU
Saskatchewan (0-3) 0 @ British Columbia (2-2) 12

Jim Olafson rushed for 2 unconverted touchdowns for the Thunderbirds as they shut out the Huskies at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver in a game whose ending was marred by fan rowdiness.

50 years ago
1970


Space
NASA revealed that American and Soviet space scientists had agreed in Moscow earlier in the week to meet alternately in Moscow and Houston to work on standardization of docking systems for each country’s spacecraft to facilitate space rescues of each others’ crews.

War
Amid reports that secret talks were under way, the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong held their hard line at the Paris peace talks and repeated their demand that the U.S. withdraw unilaterally and destroy the Saigon administration on its way out of South Vietnam.

Politics and government
Jean Cournoyer replaced Pierre Laporte as Québec Labour Minister in the Liberal Party cabinet of Premier Robert Bourassa, 12 days after Mr. Laporte's murder by the FLQ.

Environment
Toxic levels of mercury were reported in the livers of Alaska fur seals, and U.S. federal officials said it wsa the first time that mercury pollution had been found in large aquatic mammals.

Society
Alabama Attorney General MacDonald Gallion filed a $21-million damage suit against the U.S. federal government for the value of Alabama schools closed by federal judges to promote desegregation. Mr. Gallion contended that the closings amounted to taking property without compensation.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Lotte Orions 3 @ Yomiuri Giants 6 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 2-0)

40 years ago
1980


Died on this date
Giorgio Borġ Olivier, 69
. Prime Minister of Malta, 1950-1955, 1962-1971. Mr. Borg Olivier, a member of the Partito Nazionale (Nationalist Party), sat in the Council of Government from 1939-1977, and became leader of the party in December 1950. His first term as Prime Minister was characterized by success in gaining British recognition for him as the equal of the Prime Ministers of Northern Ireland and Southern Rhodesia, while his second term was marked by Malta gaining her independence in 1964. Mr. Borg Olivier was forced to resign as party leader in 1977 in the face of widepread desire for a younger leader, and died of lung cancer.

Disasters
A demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ended in a crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida, leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hiroshima Toyo Carp 2 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): So Hard--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

War
The United Nations Security Council voted 13-0 with 2 abstentions to pass a resolution warning Iraq that "further measures" might be taken under the UN Charter--by implication, including military action. In separate statements, U.S. President George Bush and U.S. Secretary of State James Baker warned that in light of barbarous acts by the Iraqis in Kuwait, the use of force remained a possibility.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision

#1 single in Switzerland: Waterfalls--TLC (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Terry Southern, 71
. U.S. author. Mr. Southern was best known for the comic novels Candy (1958--co-written with Mason Hoffenberg) and The Magic Christian (1959). Heavy drinking and drug use contributed to his literary and physical decline in later years.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (8-10) 17 @ Baltimore (15-3) 24
Ottawa (3-15) 33 @ Winnipeg (7-11) 36
Birmingham (10-8) 42 @ San Antonio (12-6) 48

Louis Fite rushed 1 yard for his first CFL touchdown, Tracy Ham completed a 13-yard TD pass to Gerald Alphin, and Carlos Huerta added 2 converts, 3 field goals, and a single as the Stallions defeated the Tiger-Cats before 29,310 fans at Memorial Stadium. Mike Kerrigan relieved Anthony Calvillo at quarterback for Hamilton and threw touchdown passes of 5 and 7 yards to Earl Winfield in the 4th quarter.

Troy Westwood's 12-yard field goal with 25 seconds remaining in regulation time climaxed a 19-point 4th quarter as the Blue Bombers came back from a 33-17 deficit to defeat the Rough Riders before 27,022 fans at Winnipeg Stadium and capture the fifth and last playoff spot in the North Division, eliminating the Saskatchewan Roughriders. Former Winnipeg backup quarterback Sammy Garza threw touchdown passes to Odessa Turner and Ray Alexander, and Emanuel Martin scored the other Ottawa touchdown on a 33-yard punt return. Wayne Lammle added 3 converts and 4 field goals. Winnipeg quarterback Reggie Slack threw a 47-yard touchdown pass to Milt Stegall in the 2nd quarter and rushed 16 yards for a touchdown of his own in the 3rd quarter. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Slack rushed 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game, with an unsuccessful 2-point convert attempt leaving the Blue Bombers trailing 33-23. Mr. Westwood kicked a 32-yard field goal with 5:06 remaining to pull Winnipeg within a converted touchdown, and the Blue Bombers tied the game on a 9-yard pass from Mr. Slack to Tim Daniel, converted by Mr. Westwood.

David Archer completed touchdown passes to Mark Stock and Billy Hess, handed off to Heath Sherman for a TD, and rushed for another touchdown himself as the Texans defeated the Barracudas before 19,025 fans at the Alamodome to clinch second place in the South Division, with the semi-final to take place a week later in the same place between the same teams. Marcus Gates scored the other San Antonio touchdown on a 93-yard kickoff return in the 4th quarter. With Matt Dunigan out with injury, Kelvin Simmons played quarterback for Birmingham and had the best game of his career, rushing for 3 touchdowns and completing touchdown passes to Marcus Grant and Eddie Britton, and a 2-point convert pass to Mr. Grant. The Barracudas outscored the Texans 25-17 in the 4th quarter. It was the last regular season Canadian Football League game to be played in the United States.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Carlos Guastavino, 88
. Argentinian composer. Mr. Guastavino, sometimes called "the Schubert of the Pampas," composed in the Romantic tradition and wrote more than 500 works, specializing in songs and piano works.

Football
CFL
Montreal (12-5) 31 @ Calgary (12-4-1) 32

Terry Baker missed a 39-yard field goal attempt with 2 seconds remaining in regulation time, and it went for a single point, leaving the Alouettes 1 point short. The kick came just 37 seconds after Mark McLoughlin had kicked a 23-yard field goal to put the Stampeders ahead. The Stampeders led 25-15 at halftime, with no touchdowns being scored in the second half. Calgary quarterback Dave Dickenson completed 28 of 40 passes for 352 yards and a 15-yard touchdown to Travis Moore with 26 seconds remaining in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Dickenson also rushed 8 times for 36 yards and a touchdown, while centre Jamie Crysdale returned a Montreal fumble 1 yard for the only touchdown of his CFL career. Mr. McLoughlin added 3 converts, 3 field goals, and a single, and Tony Martino punted for a single. Montreal quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed 15 of 29 passes for 270 yards and a 38-yard touchdown to Alfonzo Browning in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Baker converted and added 7 field goals and 3 singles. Mike Pringle of the Alouettes led all rushers with 82 yards on 16 carries, while Mr. Moore led all receivers with 116 yards on 6 receptions. McMahon Stadium had had bleachers installed in preparation for hosting the Grey Cup, and 45,010 packed the stands for what was anticipated as a Grey Cup preview.

10 years ago
2010


Football
CFL
Montreal (12-5) 37 @ Toronto (8-9) 30



Hamilton (9-8) 24 @ Calgary (12-5) 55



CIS
Regina (5-3) 29 @ Saskatchewan (6-2) 52

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