Thursday, 22 October 2020

October 23, 2020

1,075 years ago
945


Died on this date
Hyejong, 32 or 33
. King of Goryeo, 943-945. Hyejong acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Taejo. His reign was marked by conspiracy and power struggles among Hyejong and his half-brothers. King Hyejong suffered from eczema, and died from mercury poisoning in his bath water. He was succeeded by his half-brother Jeongjong.

170 years ago
1850


Society
The first U.S. National Women's Rights Convention, presided over by suffragist and anti-slavery activist Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis, opened at Brinley Hall in Worcester, Massachusetts.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Hayden Rorke
. U.S. actor. Mr. Rorke appeared in plays and films in a career spanning 40 years, but was best known for playing Colonel Alfred E. Bellows in the television comedy series I Dream of Jeannie (1965-1970). He died of multiple myeloma on August 19, 1987 at the age of 77.

Died on this date
Chulalongkorn (Rama V), 57
. King of Siam, 1868-1910. Chulalongkorn acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Mongkut (Rama IV). He achieved political, economic, and social reforms, including the abolition of slavery, while making territorial concessions to the British and French. King Rama V died of kidney disease, and was succeeded by his son Vajiravudh (Rama VI).

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Athletics 7 @ Chicago Cubs 2 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Athletics scored 5 runs in the 8th inning--3 of them unearned--to break open a close game and defeat the Cubs before 27,374 fans at West Side Park. Jack Coombs (3-0) pitched a 9-hitter for his third complete game victory of the Series. Three Finger Brown (1-2) went the distance on the mound for the Cubs. Eddie Collins led the Athletics with 2 doubles and a single and 2 runs batted in. He batted .429 for the Series (9 for 21), and the entire Philadelphia team batted .316.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Vern Stephens
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Stephens, nicknamed "Junior," was a shortstop, and later, a third baseman, with the St. Louis Browns/Baltimore Orioles (1941-1947, 1953-1955); Boston Red Sox (1948-1952); and Chicago White Sox (1953, 1955), batting .286 with 247 home runs and 1,174 runs batted in in 1,720 games, and displaying a strong throwing arm. He led the American League in home runs in 1945 and in runs batted in in 1944, tying for the AL lead in 1949 and 1950; his 159 RBIs in 1949 remains a single-season record for a shortstop. Mr. Stephens has acquired a reputation as a player whose drinking shortened his career, but that characterization has been disputed. Mr. Stephens had a fatal heart attack on November 3, 1968, 12 days after his 48th birthday.

Bob Montana. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Montana created the Archie comic strip and comic book series in the early 1940s. He died of a heart attack on January 4, 1975 at the age of 54, while cross-country skiing near his home in Meredith, New Hampshire.

Scandal
Three more men were indicted by a grand jury in the Chicago "Black Sox" 1919 World Series fix scandal. Added to the eight White Sox players facing charges were former world featherweight boxing champion Abe Attell, former star major league first baseman Hal Chase, and former major league pitcher Bill Burns. All three were indicted as go-betweens in the scandal. Confessions, later repudiated, were signed by Chicago White Sox players Ed Cicotte‚ Joe Jackson‚ Lefty Williams‚ and Happy Felsch.

Football
CRU
ARU
Finals
Calgary 27 @ Edmonton 16 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Jimmy Enright and Tommy Blades scored touchdowns for the Eskimos in the game at Diamond Park.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
The Royal Canadian Navy River Class Destroyer HMCS Margaree lost in the North Atlantic, after a collision with the freighter Port Fairy, while escorting the five ship convoy OL.8; lost were 142 of her ship's company, many of whom were survivors of the sinking of HMCS Fraser on June 25, 1940.

Politics and government
After evading French and Spanish authorities, Belgian Prime Minister Hubert Pierlot arrived in London, marking the beginning of the Belgian government in exile.

Baseball
Cincinnati Reds’ first baseman Frank McCormick was named the Most Valuable Player in the National League. St. Louis Cardinals’ first baseman Johnny Mize was runner-up, followed in order by Cincinnati pitchers Bucky Walters and Paul Derringer. Mr. McCormick batted .309 with 19 home runs and 127 runs batted in in 155 games, leading the NL in at bats (618), hits (191), and doubles (44) as the Reds easily won the pennant and went on to a seven-game win over the Detroit Tigers in the World Series. Mr. Mize hit .314 with 43 homers and 137 RBIs in 155 games, leading the league in homers, RBIs, and slugging (.636). Mr. Walters was 22-10 with a 2.48 earned run average in 38 games, leading the NL in wins, ERA, complete games (29), and innings pitched (305). Mr. Derringer was 20-12 with a 3.06 ERA, leading the NL in starts (37).

75 years ago
1945


Baseball
Brooklyn Dodgers' president Branch Rickey announced that Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League had signed to play with the Montreal Royals, the Dodgers' farm club in the International League, in 1946.

70 years ago
1950

Died on this date
Al Jolson, 64
. U.S. entertainer. Born Asa Yoelson in Lithuania, Mr. Jolson was perhaps the most popular and successful entertainer in history, with numerous successful hit records and Broadway plays. He's best remembered today as the star of the first talking feature film, The Jazz Singer (1927). Mr. Jolson was the first entertainer to visit U.S. bases during World War II. In September 1950 he did the same for U.S. troops in South Korea, and completed 42 performances in 16 days. The exertion caused by his trip to South Korea may have contributed to his death from a heart attack while playing cards in his hotel suite in San Francisco. 20,000 people attended his funeral in Hollywood, although it's been said that many just went to make sure.

60 years ago
1960


Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (2-2-1) 27 @ Washington (1-1-2) 27
Philadelphia (4-1) 31 @ Cleveland (3-1) 29
Baltimore (3-2) 17 @ Detroit (1-3) 30
San Francisco (2-3) 14 Green Bay (3-1) 41 @ Milwaukee
Dallas (0-5) 10 @ St. Louis (2-3) 12
Chicago (3-1-1) 24 @ Los Angeles (0-4-1) 24

AFL
Houston (5-1) 42 @ New York (4-3) 27
Oakland (3-4) 9 @ Buffalo (2-4) 38
Boston (2-4) 24 @ Denver (4-2) 31

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lola--The Kinks (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Band of Gold--Freda Payne (4th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation (2nd week at #1)
2 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Mademoiselle Ninette--Michael Holm
4 I (Who Have Nothing)--Tom Jones
5 Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews
6 Ain't Love a Funny Thing--Sam Evans
7 Poor Little Rich Girl--Dickie Loader
8 Cha-La-La, I Need You--Shuffles
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 Push Mr. Pride Aside--Percy Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Cracklin' Rosie by Neil Diamond (#16); and Sunshine by the Archies (#19).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Lola--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
4 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
5 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
6 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
7 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
8 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt
9 All Right Now--Free
10 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#25); Somebody's Been Sleeping by 100 Proof Aged in Soul (#27); After Midnight by Eric Clapton (#28); and Closer to Home by Grand Funk Railroad (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Lola--The Kinks
2 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
3 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
4 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
5 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
6 My Home Town--The Seeds of Time
7 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt
8 Cry Me a River--Joe Cocker
9 Our House--Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young
10 Closer to Home--Grand Funk Railroad

Singles entering the chart were Gypsy Woman by Brian Hyland (#22); Make it Easy on Yourself by Dionne Warwick (#25); Let's Work Together by Canned Heat (#28); Stand by Your Man by Candi Staton (#29); and Express Yourself by Charles Wright and the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (4th week at #1)
2 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot
3 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Lola--The Kinks
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe)--Teegarden & Van Winkle
7 Sunday Morning Coming Down--Johnny Cash
8 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
9
10 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Miss Knock-A-Bout

Diplomacy
Addressing the 25th anniversary session of the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. President Richard Nixon called on Soviet leaders to keep competition with the United States peaceful despite their differences and to join him in wielding power primarily to obtain world peace.

Environment
Despite an order in April banning the use of Agent Orange--a chemical defoliant found to have caused birth defects in animals in South Vietnam--U.S. troops of the Americal Division used the defoliant as recently as August, according to reports from the U.S. command in Saigon.

Auto racing
Gary Gabelich drove the Blue Flame at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah to a land speed record of 622.407 miles per hour, breaking the previous record of 600.601 mph set by Craig Breedlove in Spirit of America on November 15, 1965.



40 years ago
1980


Communications
The Toronto newspaper The Globe and Mail became the first Canadian newspaper to use satellite technology, using Anik-III to send computerized microwave signals of pages from Toronto to Montreal.

Disasters
A powerful explosion destroyed an elementary school in Ortuella, Spain, killing at least 64 people and injuring 100.

30 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Thomas Williams, 63
. U.S. author. Mr. Williams taught at the University of New Hampshire and published eight novels during his lifetime, sharing the 1975 National Book Award for The Hair of Harold Roux (1974). He died of lung cancer, 23 days before his 64th birthday.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 0 @ Seibu Lions 7 (Seibu led best-of-seven series 3-0)

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (and Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sie ist Weg--Die Fantastischen Vier (3rd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (5th week at #1)
2 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
3 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
4 Back for Good--Take That
5 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 This--Rod Stewart
7 I'm Shattered--Barney Bentall
8 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morissette
9 Side of the Road--Blue Rodeo
10 I Will Remember You--Sarah McLachlan

Singles entering the chart were Your Little Secret by Melissa Etheridge (#89); Let Me Be the One by Blessid Union of Souls (#93); Good Intentions by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#97); Collide by Sandbox (#98); Good Mother by Jann Arden (#99); and Sentimental by Deborah Cox (#100).

Politics and government
320,954 voters turned out to vote at advance polls for the referendum in Quebec on the province's independence from Canada.

Crime
Yolanda Saldívar was found guilty by a jury in Houston of first-degree murder in the March 31, 1995 shooting death of popular Latin singer Selena. Three days later, Miss Saldívar was sentenced to life in prison, and eligible for parole in 2025.

Economics and finance
Anxiety over the Quebec independence referendum sent the Canadian dollar and the country's stock markets plunging.

20 years ago
2000


Disasters
At least 35 people were killed when floods and mudslides hit the Italian and Swiss Alps.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 9 @ Fukuoka Daiei Hawks 3 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Fran Crippen, 26
. U.S. swimmer. Mr. Crippen was a long-distance swimmer who won a gold medal in the 10-kilometre open water event at the 2007 Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro, and won medals in other events from 2003-2010. He participated in the FINA 10-kilometre series in 2010, and won the penultimate race of the season in Cancun, Mexico. In the last race, in Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, Mr. Crippen failed to finish, and his body was found underwater about 500 yards from shore. He was rushed to hospital and pronounced dead, but was probably already dead. The water was reported to be above 30 C. (86 F.), and Mr. Crippen told his coach after 8 kilometres that he was thirsty, but continued the race. A FINA report concluded that Mr. Crippen may have died of a "cardiac abnormality" and "uncontrolled exercise-induced asthma in unfavourable race environmental conditions." His death led to calls for safety regulations for such events, including maximum temperature limits.

Politics and government
The founding meeting of the libertarian organization Réseau Liberté-Quebec took place in Quebec City; 400 members urged the provincial government to set aside the issue of separation and to focus on free market economics.

Football
CFL
Toronto (8-8) 27 @ Winnipeg (4-12) 8



Saskatchewan (9-7) 24 @ Edmonton (6-10) 39



CIS
Mount Allison 7 @ St. Mary's (4-3) 43
Manitoba (1-6) 21 @ Alberta (3-4) 46

Khaleal Williams completed a 26-yard touchdown pass to Tyson Hinds early in the 3rd quarter and the convert gave the Bisons a 21-16 lead at Foote Field in Edmonton, but the Golden Bears rallied for 27 straight points as they ended their 4-game losing streak.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
San Francisco 3 @ Philadelphia 2 (San Francisco won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Juan Uribe's solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 8th inning broke a 2-2 tie, and the Giants held on to defeat the Phillies before 46,062 fans at Citizens Bank Park.



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