Saturday, 31 October 2020

October 31, 2020

160 years ago
1860


Born on this date
Juliette Gordon Low
. U.S. social activist. Mrs. Low founded the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. in 1915, four years after forming a group of Girl Guides in Scotland. She died of breast cancer on January 17, 1927 at the age of 66.

Andrew Volstead. U.S. politician. Mr. Volstead, a Republican, was Mayor of Granite Falls, Minnesota (1900-1902) before representing Minnesota's 7th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1903-1923). He was chairman of the House Judiciary Committee (1919-1923), and sponsored the bill that became the National Prohibition Act of 1919--usually called the Volstead Act--which was the legislation enabling the enforcement of the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol, which went into effect in 1920. Mr. Volstead was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1922, and returned to the practice of law. He died on January 20, 1947 at the age of 86.

140 years ago
1880


Born on this date
Mikhail Tomsky
. U.S.S.R. labour leader and politician. Mr. Tomsky was a factory worker who joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1904, and eventually joined the Bolshevik faction of the party. He was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party in 1919, and to the Politburo in 1922. Mr. Tomsky was General Secretary of the International Trade Union Council (1920-1921); Secretary of the Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets (1921-1922); and Chairman of the Presidium of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (1922-1929). When Josef Stalin decided to move against his potential rivals within the party, Mr. Tomsky was demoted, serving as head of the State Publishing House (1932-1936). He was accused of having terrorist connections, and committed suicide by shootng himself on August 22, 1936 at the age of 55 rather than face arrest by the secret police force NKVD.

Julia Peterkin. U.S. authoress. Miss Peterkin wrote novels and short stories about her native South Carolina; she wrote several novels about the Gullah people, and was one of the few white writers who wrote about the Negro American experience. Her novel Scarlet Sister Mary (1928) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Miss Peterkin died on August 10, 1961 at the age of 80.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Les Darcy
. Australian boxer. Mr. Darcy compiled a professional record of 52-4 from 1910-1916, winning the Australian version of the world middleweight title in 1915 and the Australian heavyweight title in 1916. He moved to the United States during World War I in order to avoid the debate over conscription in Australia, but died on May 24, 1917 at the age of 21 from septicemia and complications from dental work that he had received to replace teeth that had been knocked out during a bout.

Basil Liddell Hart. French-born U.K. historian and strategist. Sir Basil, born in Paris to English parents, served as a British Army captain during World War I, and remained in the service until 1927. He was known for his influential military history books from the 1920s onward, in which he argued against the use of frontal assault and in favour of the "indirect approach" and reliance on fast-moving armoured formations. Sir Basil's ideas were influential not only in Britain, but in the United States, Australia, and other countries. He died on January 29, 1970 at the age of 74.

110 years ago
1910


Football
CRU
ORFU
St. Michael's College (2-2) 7 @ Dundas (3-1) 22

Canadian intercollegiate
University of Alberta 13 @ Western Canada College 28

WCC led 12-0 at halftime, withstood a 7-point rally by U of A in the 3rd quarter, and held on for victory in Calgary.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Dick Francis
. U.K. jockey and author. Mr. Francis, a native of Wales, was a steeplechase jockey in the 1950s, winning 350 races before his retirement in 1957. He wrote over 50 mystery novels, all set in the milieu of horse racing. Mr. Francis won several awards for his novels, and died at his home on Grand Cayman Island on February 14, 2010 at the age of 89, after years of declining health.

Died on this date
Alphonse Desjardins, 65
. Canadian financier. Mr. Desjardins, a native of Lévis, Quebec, co-founded Caisses Populaires Desjardins, the forerunner of today's credit unions, in 1900. He personally founded about 150 caisses populaires, but died after a long battle with uremia before his desire to unite all of Quebec's caisses populaires could be realized.

Medicine
Hours after preparing for a lecture on carbohydrate metabolism at the University of Western Ontario, Dr. Frederick Banting woke up in the middle of the night, devising the idea that led to the discovery of insulin for the treatment of diabetes. Just before retiring the previous evening, Dr. Banting had read an article in the November issue of Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics titled The Relation of the Islets of Langerhans to Diabetes with Special Reference to Cases of Pancreatic Lithiasis, and he pondered the article while trying to get to sleep.

Football
APFA
Rochester (3-1-1) 6 @ Buffalo (5-0) 17
Akron (5-0) 10 @ Canton (3-1-1) 0
Columbus (0-5) 0 @ Cleveland (1-2-1) 7
Chicago Tigers (1-2-1) 7 @ Rock Island (5-1) 20
Detroit (2-2) 0 @ Chicago Cardinals (2-1-1) 21
Cincinnati 7 @ Dayton (3-0-2) 23
Decatur (5-0) 29 @ Rockford 0
Hammond (1-2) 14 @ Logan Square 9

Wisconsin professional
Beloit Fairies 0 @ Green Bay (5-0-1) 7

80 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Till the Lights of London Shine Again--The Joe Loss Orchestra (3rd month at #1)

War
The most intense phase of the Battle of Britain ended, with the United Kingdom preventing a possible German invasion. Japanese troops abandoned the whole province of Kwangsi in southern China. Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested and charged with violating the Defense of India Rules by making speeches intended to hinder prosecution of the war.

Politics and government
French Vice-Premier Pierre Laval declared that democracy was dead all over the world, and expressed hope for Britain's defeat in the European war.

Mrs. Earl Browder, wife of the Communist Party's 1940 candidate for President of the United States, was ordered by U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson to be deported to the U.S.S.R. because of her "surreptitious entry" into the U.S.A. in 1933.

Defense
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau disclosed that the United Kingdom had ordered "a large number" of freighters from United States shipyards to offset losses from German U-boat attacks.

Movies
The Hollywood film industry pledged its entire facilities to the United States Army for the production of movies to be used in training draftees.

Medicine
Sulfaguanidine, a derivative of sulfanilamide devised by Dr. E. Kennerly Marshall, was announced as a cure for bacterial dysentery, a common ailment among troops in the tropics.

Dedicating the $4-million National Health Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the government did not intend to socialize medical practice.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (2nd month at #1)

At the movies
Spellbound, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Ingrid Bergman, Gregory Peck, and Leo G. Carroll, received its premiere screening in New York City.





War
Yen Hsi-shan, Governor General of the Chinese province of Shansi, reported that 100,000 Chinese Communist troops were attacking Tatun.

Reports from Moscow indicated that the Soviet Union wanted Italy to pay $300 million in reparations, with one-third going to the U.S.S.R. and the rest to Greece, Yugoslavia, and Albania.

Diplomacy
In a major foreign policy address, U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes said that he recognized the U.S.S.R.'s special interests in eastern and central Europe, but that in a world divided "into spheres of exclusive influence" is more dangerous than national isolation. U.S. President Harry Truman reported that Soviet dictator Josef Stalin had informed him of the U.S.S.R.'s willingness to join the Far Eastern Advisory Commission meeting in Washington.

Politics and government
Venezuelan provisional President Romulo Betancourt promised free elections in six months for a new president and National Assembly to rewrite the nation's constitution.

The new Brazilian government of President Jose Linhares pledged to eliminate all traces of the previous "dictatorship." General Getulio Vargas, who had resigned as President two days earlier, left Rio de Janeiro by plane for his ranch, promising to "harbour no hatred or personal animosities."

In his third report as military governor, U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower stated that the terms of the Potsdam Declaration were being carried out in the American zone of Germany.

Education
Allied headquarters ordered the Japanese Education Ministry to investigate 400,000 teachers in 39,000 schools and to eliminate all militarists.

Academia
Booker T. Washington became the first Negro elected to the New York University Hall of Fame. Also chosen were U.S. Revolutionary War figure Thomas Paine; U.S. Army doctor Walter Reed; and Southern poet Sidney Lanier.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman said that no maximum percentage for wage increases could be set on a nationwide or industry-wide basis. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 550 strikes and lockouts in September involving 455,000 workers and 3,650,000 man-days of idleness.

The International Labor Organization banned Argentine representative Juan Rodriguez and his adviser Manuel Pichel because their government was deemed fascist.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Semi-Finals Calgary 3 @ Regina 1 (First game of 2-game total points series

This was the first game for the recently-formed Calgary team under the name Stampeders.

70 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Halloween Hold-Up, starring Edward Binns, Frank Campanella, Robert H. Harris, and Conrad Janis

Oil
The first leg of the 1,100-mile interprovincial pipeline to take crude oil from Edmonton to Lake Superior was completed. The line reached Sarnia, Ontario in 1953, Toronto in 1958, and Montréal, in 1976, reducing eastern Canada's dependence on imported crude oil; the system was the largest in the Western hemisphere.

Basketball
NBA
Washington (0-1) 70 @ Rochester (1-0) 78

The Royals took a 25-12 lead after the 1st quarter and coasted to victory over the Capitols at Edgerton Park Arena in Rochester. Arnie Risen led Rochester with 20 points, while Fred Scolari led Washington scorers with 18 points. Earl Lloyd, a forward drafted from West Virginia State University, became the first Negro player to appear in a National Basketball Association game when he made his debut with the Capitols, scoring 6 points and making 5 assists.

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Tu t'laisses aller--Charles Aznavour (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
2 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
3 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
4 The Twist--Chubby Checker
5 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
6 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
7 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
8 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
9 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
10 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles

Singles entering the chart were He Will Break Your Heart by Jerry Butler (#63); Perfidia by the Ventures (#78); Natural Born Lover by Fats Domino (#86); Like Strangers by the Everly Brothers (#88); Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On by Conway Twitty (#93); You're Sixteen by Johnny Burnette (#94); Ruby Duby Du by Tobin Matthes & Co. (#95); Irresistable You by Bobby Peterson (#96); Ruby Duby Du from Key Witness by Charles Wolcott (#97); Once in Awhile by the Chimes (#98); Kissin' and Twistin' by Fabian (#99); and The Green Leaves of Summer by the Brothers Four (#100). Natural Born Lover was the A-side of My Girl Josephine, charting at #52.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson (3rd week at #1)
2 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
3 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
4 Hushaby Little Guitar--Paul Evans
5 China Doll--Bobby Swanson
6 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
7 Wait for Me--The Playmates
8 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Blue Angel--Roy Orbison

Singles entering the chart were Dear John by Pat Boone (#15, charting with its other side, Alabam); X-15 by Johnny Bond (#45); Like Strangers by the Everly Brothers (#48); True Love Can Be by Ron Holden (#51); My Girl Josephine by Fats Domino (#53); Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#55); Am I Losing You by Jim Reeves (#58); Stay by Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs (#59); and The Sundowners by Felix Slatkin (#60).

Died on this date
H. L. Davis, 66
. U.S. author and poet. Harold Lenoir Davis wrote collections of poems, but was better known for his novels and short stories. His first novel, Honey in the Horn (1935) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Mr. Davis died of a heart attack, 13 days after his 66th birthday.

50 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Lady D'Arbanville--Cat Stevens (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Woodstock--Matthews Southern Comfort

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Yellow River--Autumn
--Jigsaw
--Christie
--Leapy Lee
2 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
--The Mixtures
3 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
4 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
5 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Big Yellow Taxi--Joni Mitchell
8 Make it with You--Bread
9 Old Man Emu--John Williamson
10 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were Burning Bridges by the Mike Curb Congregation (#50); Little Bit Late by Lewie Wickham (#54); Melody Man by Petula Clark (#56); Marry Me by Ron Lowery (#59); and Hand Me Down World by the Guess Who (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers (3rd week at #1)
2 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
3 Where Have I Been Wrong--The Cats
4 My Way--Samantha Jones
5 Wild World--Jimmy Cliff
6 Peace Will Come--Melanie
7 Lola--The Kinks
8 I Won't Stand Between Them--Bonnie St. Claire
9 Back Home--Golden Earring
10 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & Miracles

Singles entering the chart were See Me, Feel Me by the Who (#22); God, Love and Rock & Roll by Teegarden & Van Winkle (#35); Soul Sacrifice by Santana (#39); and Roly Poly by Stamford Bridge (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (3rd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
4 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 All Right Now--Free
7 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
8 Candida--Dawn
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell

Singles entering the chart were No Matter What by Badfinger (#79); I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself by Gary Puckett (#85); Big Leg Woman (With a Short Short Mini Skirt) by Israel "Popper Stopper" Tolbert (#88); Thank God and Greyhound by Roy Clark (#93); Stoney End by Barbra Streisand (#95); That's the Way I Want Our Love by Joe Simon (#96); Amos Moses by Jerry Reed (#97); Chains and Things by B.B. King (#98); Spirit in the Sky by Dorothy Morrison (#99); and One Light Two Lights by the Satisfactions (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (2nd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 All Right Now--Free
4 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 Lola--The Kinks
9 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
10 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers

Singles entering the chart were Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#65); Be My Baby by Andy Kim (#73); Stoned Love by the Supremes (#84); Groove Me by King Floyd (#85); Sunset Strip by Ray Stevens (#89); Valley to Pray by Arlo Guthrie (#92); Hum Along and Dance by the Temptations (#93); Mr. Bojangles by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#95); It's Impossible by Perry Como (#96); I Can't Believe that You've Stopped Loving Me by Charley Pride (#98); and Easy Rider (Let the Wind Pay the Way) by Iron Butterfly (#99). Hum Along and Dance was the B-side of Ungena za Ulimwengu (Unite the World), charting at #48.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (3rd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
4 All Right Now--Free
5 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell

Singles entering the chart included Stoned Love by the Supremes (#84); It's All in Your Mind by Clarence Carter (#91); Be My Baby by Andy Kim (#92); Stand by Me by David & Jimmy Ruffin (#93); Beaucoups of Blues by Ringo Starr (#95); I Can't Believe that You've Stopped Loving Me by Charley Pride (#96); Ten Pound Note by Steel River (#97); Valley to Pray by Arlo Guthrie (#98); and This is My Love Song by the Intruders (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
4 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
5 All Right Now--Free
6 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
7 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
8 God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe)--Teegarden & Van Winkle 9 Out in the Country--Three Dog Night
10 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Fly Litte White Dove, Fly by the Bells (#56); Comin' Round by the Poor Souls (#76); Ivy in Her Eyes by the Mongrels (#77); Beaucoups of Blues by Ringo Starr (#89); After Midnight by Eric Clapton (#93); Lucy by Crabby Appleton (#95); Simply Call it Love by Gene Chandler (#96); Valley to Pray by Arlo Guthrie (#97); and Heaven Help Us All by Stevie Wonder (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (4th week at #1)
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
5 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
6 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
7 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
8 Yankee Lady--Jesse Winchester
9 The Circle Game--Buffy Sainte-Marie
10 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
Pick hit of the week: Lucretia MacEvil--Blood, Sweat & Tears

Society
At an airport rally in Phoenix two days after his motorcade in San Jose, California had been pelted with rocks and eggs by youths, U.S. President Richard Nixon described the rock-throwers as "1,000 haters," and said that "appeasement" of violence was the reason why "thugs and hoodlums" had gained such prominence in American society.

War
24 U.S. soldiers in Vietnam were listed as killed during the past week as B-52s were bombing the Ho Chi Minh Trail daily.

Politics and government
Julius Nyerere was re-elected to a second five-year term as President of Tanzania, receiving 96.7% of the vote. All but 15 members of tehe 106-seat National Assembly were re-elected.

South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu, addressing a joint session of the National Assembly, said that he would never accept a coalition government, and vowed to oust Communists from his country even after the end of the Vietnam War.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (4-10) 17 @ Toronto (8-6) 19

Don Jonas kicked an 18-yard field goal with 6 seconds remaining in the game to win the game and clinch second place in the Eastern Football Conference for the Argonauts. The game was dominated by the defenses, who scored or set up all the touchdowns. Toronto’s only touchdown came on a 34-yard interception return by Chip Barrett in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Jonas converted and added a 24-yard field goal. Dave Mann punted for 4 singles, and the Argonauts scored a safety touch in the 2nd quarter when Ottawa punter Bill Van Burkleo conceded. Quarterback Gary Wood passed 1 yard to Hugh Oldham in the 3rd quarter for the first Ottawa touchdown, which was set up by linebacker Dan Dever’s 83-yard return of an interception of a Tom Wilkinson pass. The Rough Riders took a 17-15 lead early in the 4th quarter when Mr. Van Burkleo intercepted a pass from Mr. Jonas and returned it 57 yards for a touchdown. Ivan MacMillan converted both Ottawa major scores. Defensive end Wayne Smith tackled Mr. Wilkinson in the Toronto end zone for a safety touch in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Van Burkleo punted for a single in the 3rd. The winning field goal was set up when Mr. Wilkinson pitched out to receiver Jim Henderson, who completed a pass to running back Bill Symons for a 42-yard gain. The usual sellout crowd of 33,135 attended the game at CNE Stadium despite rainy weather. It was the 11th time in 14 games that the Rough Riders had played on a muddy field. The game marked the end of several Rough Rider careers, including Hall of Fame running back Ron Stewart (13 seasons) and defensive end Billy Joe Booth (9 seasons).

CIAU
Manitoba (6-1) 32 @ Alberta (4-3) 14

The Bisons outrushed the Golden Bears 393-17 on a frozen field as they clinched their third straight Western Canada title before 5,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.

CIAU-NAIA
Exhibition
Shrum Bowl @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Simon Fraser 61 British Columbia 6

Dave Syme completed 17 of 24 passes for 254 yards and rused 24 yards for a touchdown to lead the Clansmen over the Thunderbirds. Simon Fraser rolled up a 40-0 haltime lead.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 5 @ Lotte Orions 3 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-0)

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Upside Down--Diana Ross (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Amoureux solitaires (Dis-moi que tu m'aimes)--Lio (3rd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA (2nd week at #1)
2 Upside Down--Diana Ross
3 Fame--Irene Cara
4 Emotional Rescue--The Rolling Stones
5 Can't Stop the Music--Village People
6 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
7 D.I.S.C.O.--Ottawan
8 Little Jeannie--Elton John
9 Magic--Olivia Newton-John
10 Samantha--David London

Singles entering the chart were The Wanderer by Donna Summer (#18); and Late at Night by Maywood (#20).

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (4th week at #1)

Business
General Motors reported its greatest quarterly loss ever, $1.98 billion. GM announced that it would close four assembly plants permanently and said that five other plants might be closed.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Boombastic--Shaggy (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Alan Bush, 94
. U.K. composer. Mr. Bush wrote four symphonies, and numerous chamber, piano, choral, and piano works, as well as compositions for stage and screen. He was a member of the Labour Party before joining the Communist Party in 1935, and used his music to promote Marxism and Communism, resulting in his works being banned for many years.

Rosalind Cash, 56. U.S. actress. Miss Cash appeared in various movies and television programs, but was best known for her co-starring role in the movie The Omega Man (1971). She died of cancer.

Politics and government
Jacques Parizeau announced his resignation at year end as Premier of Québec, leader of the Parti québécois, and MNA for L'Assomption, the day after his Yes side narrowly lost the Québec sovereignty referendum. Mr. Parizeau attracted heavy criticism for blaming the narrow defeat of the referendum on Anglophones and Jews; his influence had been eclipsed by the entry of Lucien Bouchard into the sovereigntist ranks.

Economics and finance
Canada's dollar and stock exchanges soared while interest rates fell after the No side narrowly won the Québec referendum.

Education
The Newfoundland government of Premier Brian Tobin passed a proposed constitutional amendment to reform the province's school system, doing away with the existing system based on religious denominations.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Ring Lardner, Jr., 85
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Lardner, the son of famed sportswriter Ring Lardner, won Academy Awards for his screenplays for Woman of the Year (1942) and MASH (1970). He joined the Communist Party in 1936 and was blacklisted by Hollywood studios from 1947-1965 as a member of the "Hollywood Ten."

Space
Soyuz TM-31, with Russian cosmonauts Yuri Gidzenko (Commander) and Sergei Krikalev (Flight Engineer) and U.S. Navy Captain William Shepherd (Flight Engineer) aboard, launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station to become the first residents of the $60-billion structure orbiting 240 miles above Earth. The station was a joint project of the United States, Russia, Canada, Brazil, Japan, and 11 European countries, but was paid for mainly by the United States. Mr. Gidzenko commanded Soyuz TM-31, but when the spacecraft docked with the space station two days later, the mission became Expedition 1, with Capt. Shepherd as Commander.



Disasters
Singapore Airlines Flight 006, a Boeing 747-412 jetliner en route from Singapore to Los Angeles via Taipei, crashed on takeoff from the wrong runway at Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taipei during a typhoon, killing 83 of the 179 people on board.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Ted Sorensen, 82
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Sorensen became U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy's chief legislative aide in 1953, and remained with him, serving as White House Counsel and speechwriter through Mr. Kennedy's presidency. After President Kennedy's assassination on November 22, 1963, Mr. Sorensen performed the same duties for President Lyndon Johnson through the end of February 1964. He then returned to the practice of law and advocated for liberal causes, and was a member of liberal and globalist institutions. Mr. Sorensen died several days after suffering a stroke.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (9-8) 17 @ British Columbia (7-10) 23



Baseball
World Series
San Francisco Giants 4 @ Texas Rangers 0 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Madison Bumgarner (1-0) allowed 3 hits in 8 innings and Aubrey Huff provided the necessary scoring with a 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 3rd inning as the Giants shut out the Rangers before 51,920 fans at Rangers Ballpark in Arlington.



Nippon Series
Chiba Lotte Marines 1 @ Chunichi Dragons 12 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)



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