Saturday, 24 October 2020

October 24, 2020

760 years ago
1260


Died on this date
Qutuz, 38
. Sultan of Egypt, 1259-1260. Saif ad-Din Qutuz was a Turkic prince from Iran who was captured by Mongols in the early 1230s and sold into slavery in Egypt. He rose to vice-Sultan, and was prominent in defeating the Seventh Crusade (1249-1250). In the face of another Mongol invasion, he deposed 15-year-old Sultan Al-Mansur Ali, and became Mamluk Sultan. Sultan Qutuz led his forces to victory over Mongol invaders in the Battle of Ain Jalut on September 3, 1260, but on his return to Cairo, nine days before his 39th birthday, he was assassinated by fellow Mamluk leader Baibars, who then seized power himself.

Franciana
The rebuilt Chartres Cathedral was dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX.

430 years ago
1590


Americana
John White, the governor of the second Roanoke Colony, returned to England after an unsuccessful search for the "lost" colonists.

225 years ago 1795 Diplomacy Representatives of Austria, Prussia, and Russia signed a treaty to dissolve the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth effective January 26, 1797.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Jack Warner
. U.K. actor. Mr. Warner, born Horace John Waters, appeared in music hall, radio, films and television. He was best known for playing Police Constable George Dixon in the movie The Blue Lamp (1950) and television series Dixon of Dock Green (1955-1976). Mr. Warner died of pneumonia on May 24, 1981 at the age of 85.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Joe L. Evins
. U.S. politician. Mr. Evins, a Democrat, represented Tennessee's 5th (1947-1953) and 4th (1953-1977) Districts in the U.S. House of Representatives, serving on the House Appropriations Committee, and chairing the House Committee on Small Business for six years. He was effective in looking after the interests of his districts. Mr. Evins died on March 31, 1984 at the age of 73.

James K. Woolnough. U.S. military officer. "Gentleman Jim" joined the U.S. Army in 1932 and served in World War II and the Korean War. He held a variety of commands throughout the world, including command and control of all active and reserve forces in the Six Armies of the Continental United States (1967-1970), reaching the rank of four-star general. Gen. Woolnough died on May 30, 1996 at the age of 85.

Gunter d'Alquen. German journalist. SS Sturmbannführer d'Alquen joined the Nazi Party in the late 1920s, and joined the SS in 1931. He became a political correspondent with the party newspaper Völkischer Beobachter (Völkisch Observer) in 1932, and was appointed by Heinrich Himmler as editor-in-chief of the SS weekly Das Schwarze Korps (The Black Corps) in 1935. SS Sturmbannführer d'Alquen was a war correspondent during World War II, and was head of the propaganda formation SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers. SS Sturmbannführer d'Alquen was sentenced to 10 years in prison after World War II, and was fined twice by a denazification court in the 1950s for his wartime propaganda activities. He died on May 15, 1998 at the age of 87.

Stella Brooks. U.S. singer. Miss Brooks was a jazz singer who began her career in San Francisco in the early 1930s and moved to New York in 1937, singing with various bands through the 1940s. She sand in local clubs until 1962, when she retired from show business and returned to San Francisco. Miss Brooks died on December 13, 2002 at the age of 92.

100 years ago
1920


Football
APFA
Toledo 0 @ Buffalo (4-0) 38
Syracuse 7 @ Rochester (3-0-1) 21
Columbus (0-4) 0 @ Detroit (2-1) 6
Cleveland (0-2-1) 0 @ Akron (4-0) 7
Canton (3-0-1) 20 @ Dayton (2-0-2) 20
Decatur (4-0) 10 @ Chicago Tigers (1-1-1) 0
Chicago Cardinals (1-1-1) 0 @ Rock Island (4-1) 7

Wisconsin professional
De Pere 0 @ Green Bay (4-0-1) 62

90 years ago
1930


World events
A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil led by Generals Tasso Fragoso and Mena Barreto and Admiral Isaiah de Noronha deposed President Washington Luís, prevented the inauguration of President-elect Júlio Prestes, and ended the Old Republic.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



Labour
The 40-hour work week went into effect in the United States under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

75 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Vidkun Quisling, 58
. Minister President of Norway, 1942-1945. Mr. Quisling was a member of the Farmers' Party when he served as Norway's Minister of Defence from 1931-1933. He founded the Nasjonal Samling (National Unity) party in 1933, and, after the Nazi invasion of Norway, led a pro-Nazi puppet regime in cooperation with German civilian administrator Josef Terboven. Mr. Quisling was found guilty of charges including embezzlement, murder and high treason, and was shot by a firing squad at Akershus Fortress, becoming the best-known of 40 Norwegian collaborators to be executed, after the restoration of capital punishment several years earlier by the government-in-exile. Mr. Quisling's surname has become a noun in itself, denoting someone who collaborates with an enemy occupying force.

Franklin Carmichael, 55. Canadian artist. Mr. Carmichael, a native of Orillia, Ontario, painted Ontario landscapes, and was especially known for his use of watercolours. He was the youngest member of the Group of Seven, and also worked as an illustrator of books, magazines, and promotional brochures. Mr. Carmichael died in Toronto.

Diplomacy
29 nations ratified the United Nations Charter in a ceremony at the U.S. State Department in Washington, officially bringing the UN into existence.

Canadian university
British Columbia (0-1) 0 @ Alberta (2-0) 12

Mickey Hajash rushed for touchdowns of 5 yards and 1 yard in the 3rd quarter and converted the latter as the Golden Bears shut out the Thunderbirds at Clarke Stadium in Edmonton.

70 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Breakdown, starring Don Briggs

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Tu t'laisses aller--Charles Aznavour (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
2 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
3 The Twist--Chubby Checker
4 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
5 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
6 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
7 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
8 So Sad (To Watch Good Love Go Bad)--The Everly Brothers
9 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne
10 Theme from the Apartment-- Ferrante and Teicher with their Orchestra & Chorus

Singles entering the chart were A Thousand Stars by Kathy Young with the Innocents (#67); That's How Much by Brian Hyland (#74); Sailor (Your Home is the Sea) by Lolita (#76); My Girl Josephine by Fats Domino (#77); Am I Losing You by Jim Reeves (#78); Dear John (#79)/Alabam (#89) by Pat Boone; Last Date by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#81); I'll Save the Last Dance for You by Damita Jo (#90); Wait for Me by the Playmates (#92); Dance with Me Georgie by the Bobbettes (#95); The Dark at the Top of the Stairs by Ernie Freeman (#97); Midnight Lace by David Carroll and his Orchestra (#98); Am I the Man by Jackie Wilson (#99); and Isn't it Amazing by the Crests (#100). Am I the Man was the B-side of Alone at Last, charting at #36.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson (2nd week at #1)
2 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
3 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
4 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
5 Blue Angel--Roy Orbison
6 Sleep--Little Willie John
7 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
8 Hushaby Little Guitar--Paul Evans
9 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
10 Brontosaurus Stomp--The Piltdown Men

Singles entering the chart were You're Sixteen by Johnny Burnette (#15); Sweet Dreams by Don Gibson (#19); And the Heavens Cried by Ronnie Savoy (#44); Oliver Cool by Oliver Cool (#46); The Green Door by Skip & Flip (#51); Ruby Duby Du, with versions by Charles Wolcott; and Tobin Matthews & Co. (#54); Piltdown Rides Again by the Piltdown Men (#55); Alabam, with versions by Pat Boone; and Cowboy Copas (#57); New Orleans by U.S. Bonds (#58); One of the Lucky Ones by Anita Bryant (#59); and The Green Leaves of Summer by the Brothers Four (#60). Ruby Duby Du was from the movie Key Witness (1960); Mr. Wolcott's version was the original version from the film.

Died on this date
Yevgeny Ostashev, 36
. U.S.S.R. engineer and aviator. Mr. Ostashev was a test pilot and a participant in the launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite. He was killed in the explosion of the Soviet R-16 intercontinental ballistic missile at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Disasters
A prototype of the Soviet R-16 intercontinental ballistic missile exploded on the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Kazakh SSR, killing approximately 78 military and technical personnel.







Politics and government
Parti civique candidate and former Mayor of Montréal Jean Drapeau was returned to office in the city's civic election, receiving 75,455 votes to 46,434 for incumbent Sarto Fournier.

Football
CFL
WIFU
Saskatchewan (2-11-2) 23 @ Winnipeg (14-2) 17

13,900 were in attendance at Winnipeg Stadium.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews

#1 single in France: Lady D'Arbanville--Cat Stevens (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Band of Gold--Freda Payne (6th week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (9th week at #1)
--The Mixtures
2 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
3 Yellow River--Autumn
--Jigsaw
--Christie
--Leapy Lee
4 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
5 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Big Yellow Taxi--Joni Mitchell
8 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago
9 I've Lost You/The Next Step is Love--Elvis Presley
10 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios

Singles entering the chart were Ohio by Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young (#41); Julie, Do Ya Love Me by Bobby Sherman (#47); Rubber Duckie by Ernie (Jim Henson) (#49); War by Edwin Starr (#51); Down the Dustpipe by Status Quo (#53); and Go Back by Crabby Appleton (#59).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers (2nd week at #1)
2 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
3 Wild World--Jimmy Cliff
4 Lola--The Kinks
5 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & Miracles
6 Peace Will Come--Melanie
7 Back Home--Golden Earring
8 My Way--Samantha Jones
9 I Won't Stand Between Them--Bonnie St. Claire
10 Hulen is Voor Jou te Laat--Corry en de Rekels

Singles entering the chart were Where Have I Been Wrong by the Cats (#12); Band of Gold by Freda Payne (#24); I'm Your Little Boy by Heintje (#28); Cracklin' Rosie by Neil Diamond (#31); As the Years Go By by Mashmakhan (#36); She Likes Weeds by Tee-Set (#37); Supporter by Henk Elsink (#38); and Beautiful Friendship by Continental Uptight Band (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (2nd week at #1)
2 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
3 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
4 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
5 All Right Now--Free
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 Candida--Dawn
8 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 Ain't No Mountain High Enough--Diana Ross

Singles entering the chart were Share the Land by the Guess Who (#73); You Don't Have to Say You Love Me by Elvis Presley (#74); One Less Bell to Answer by the 5th Dimension (#81); Easy Rider (Let the Wind Pay the Way) by Iron Butterfly (#82); Don't Try to Lay No Boogie Woogie on the "King of Rock & Roll" by Crow (#83); I Need Help (I Can't Do it Alone) Pt. I by Bobby Byrd (#87); I Can't Believe that You've Stopped Loving Me by Charley Pride (#89); Groove Me by King Floyd (#91); Run, Woman, Run by Tammy Wynette (#92); Fifteen Years Ago by Conway Twitty (#97); Where Did All the Good Times Go by Dennis Yost & the Classics IV (#98); Stand by Me by David & Jimmy Ruffin (#99); and Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
4 All Right Now--Free
5 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
6 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
7 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
8 Lola--The Kinks
9 Out in the Country--Three Dog Night
10 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers

Singles entering the chart were You Don't Have to Say You Love Me by Elvis Presley (#51); Chains and Things by B.B. King (#68); Stand by Me by David & Jimmy Ruffin (#80); I'm Not My Brother's Keeper by the Flaming Ember (#83); This is My Love Song by the Intruders (#86); Simply Call it Love by Gene Chandler (#88); That's the Way I Want Our Love by Joe Simon (#92); The Taker by Waylon Jennings (#95); Get Into Something by the Isley Brothers (#96); Where Did All the Good Times Go by Dennis Yost & the Classics IV (#98); Detroit City by Dean Martin (#99); and Special Memory by Jerry Butler (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (2nd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
4 All Right Now--Free
5 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
6 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
7 Candida--Dawn
8 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
9 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
10 Lola--The Kinks

Singles entering the chart were You Don't Have to Say You Love Me/Patch it Up by Elvis Presley (#66); Share the Land by the Guess Who (#72); Simply Call it Love by Gene Chandler (#80); I Don't Wanna Cry by Ronnie Dyson (#85); Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#86); Chains and Things by B.B. King (#87); No Matter What by Badfinger (#88); Carolina in My Mind by Crystal Mansion (#89); I'm Better Off Without You by the Main Ingredient (#94); Ace of Spade by O.V. Wright (#96); Stoney End by Barbra Streisand (#97); and Games by Redeye (#98).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)
2 Candida--Dawn
3 Lola--The Kinks
4 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
5 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
6 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
7 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
8 All Right Now--Free
9 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
10 Out in the Country--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were No Matter What by Badfinger (#69); I Just Don't Don't Know What to Do with Myself by Gary Puckett (#71); One Less Bell to Answer by the 5th Dimension (#82); You Don't Have to Say You Love Me by Elvis Presley (#83); Because I Love You by the Five Stairsteps (#85); Young Man Blues by the Who (#86); Carolina in My Mind by Crystal Mansion (#87); Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#90); Lynnie Lynnie by Blakewood Castle (#91); I Don't Wanna Cry by Ronnie Dyson (#93); Mellow Dreamin' by Young-Holt Unlimited (#96); I Just Want to Keep it Together by Paul Davis (#97); So Close by Jake Holmes (#98); The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#99); and Part Time Love by Ann Peebles (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (3rd week at #1)
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
4 (I Know) I'm Losing You--Rare Earth
5 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
6 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
7 Yankee Lady--Jesse Winchester
8 The Circle Game--Buffy Sainte-Marie
9 Bluegreens on the Wing--William Truckaway
10 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt
Pick hit of the week: We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters

At the movies
Trog, directed by Freddie Francis, and starring Joan Crawford, Michael Gough, and Bernard Kay, opened in theatres in the United Kingdom. It was Miss Crawford's last film.



Died on this date
Richard Hofstadter, 54
. U.S. historian. Dr. Hofstadter taught at Columbia University for many years, and was known for his emphasis on ideas and political culture. He won Pulitzer Prizes for his books The Age of Reform (1955) and Anti-intellectualism in American Life (1963); his other books included Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860–1915 (1944); The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It (1948); and The Paranoid Style in American Politics (1964). Dr. Hofstadter died of leukemia.

War
U.S. casualties for the week in Vietnam numbered 43 dead and 279 wounded. A summary posted at the same time listed 19 Americans killed and 71 wounded in operations over Laos since March 10.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon met with Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato and that night, he and Mrs. Nixon feted 31 heads of state and government at a black tie dinner in New York. The world leaders were observing the 25th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations.

The UN General Assembly condemned colonialism and racism in southern Africa and adopted a program to aid poor nations in their development.

Politics and government
Dr. Salvador Allende, a physician and senator, was elected President of Chile, becoming the first avowed Marxist to be freely elected President of a nation in the Americas. He received 36.61% of the vote to 35.27% for independent candidate Jorge Alessandri and 28.11% for Christian Democratic party candidate Radomiro Tomic.

Society
U.S. President Richard Nixon called the conclusion of the National Commission on Obscenity and Pornography "morally bankrupt," and said that smut "should be outlawed in every state in the nation."

Football
CFL
Ottawa (4-9) 28 @ Montreal (7-6) 12
Winnipeg (2-13) 11 @ Edmonton (9-6) 15

Gary Wood threw 2 touchdown passes to Hugh Oldham to lead the Rough Riders over the Alouettes before 19,758 fans at Autostade. Joe Vijuk scored the Ottawa touchdown on a 36-yard fumble return. Ivan MacMillan converted 2 of the 3 touchdowns and added 2 field goals. The Alouettes’ only touchdown came on a 9-yard pass from Sonny Wade to Peter Dalla Riva, converted by George Springate, who also kicked a field goal. Each team scored a safety touch.

The Edmonton defense thwarted numerous Winnipeg drives and scored a touchdown of its own as the Eskimos won their seventh straight game to clinch second place in the Western Football Conference. After a single on a wide field goal attempt by Dave Cutler had given the Eskimos a 1-0 lead in the 1st quarter, the Blue Bombers struck back with their only touchdown of the game, a 25-yard pass from quarterback Ron Johnson to halfback Charlie Bryant. Gene Lakusiak missed the convert, leaving the Blue Bombers with a 6-1 lead. In the 2nd quarter, Greg Pipes blocked an Ed Ulmer punt at the Winnipeg 12-yard line, and John LaGrone fell on the ball in the end zone for an Edmonton touchdown. Dave Cutler’s convert put the Eskimos ahead 8-6. The next time the Eskimos gained possession of the ball, quarterback Don Trull completed a short pass to flanker Mike Eben, who broke it for a 63-yard touchdown. Mr. Cutler’s convert gave the Eskimos a 15-6 lead, and the home team did no further scoring. A Winnipeg drive in the 2nd quarter ended with an interception by John Wydareny; it was the Edmonton safety’s 11th interception of the season, tying his own team single-season record set the previous year. Benji Dial replaced Mr. Johnson at quarterback for the Blue Bombers in the second half and mounted several drives, but Eskimo defenders knocked down several passes and Mr. Lakusiak missed 3 field goals, 2 of which went for singles to reduce the lead to 15-8. In the 4th quarter the Blue Bombers drove to the Eskimo 12-yard line and guard Chuck Liebrock kicked a 19-yard field goal to make the score 15-11. It was the only field goal attempt, and they were the only points, of Mr. Liebrock’s CFL career. Winnipeg fullback Bob Houmard led all rushers with 67 yards on 10 carries, while Jim Thomas led the Eskimos with 10 carries for 37 yards. Mr. Eben led all receivers with 102 yards on 4 reception, while Bayne Norrie caught 2 for 55. Rick Shaw led the Blue Bombers with 71 yards on 3 receptions. Mr. Trull completed 15 of 24 passes for 203 yards and 1 interception. Mr. Johnson and Mr. Dial combined to complete just 9 of 24 passes for 157 yards and 1 interception. Winnipeg halfback Dick Smith rushed 7 times for 28 yards, caught 3 passes for 52, and completed a pass to Mr. Shaw for 31 yards. Mr. Ulmer also tried a pass on a fake punt and completed it to Lance Fletcher for 25 yards. The 20,157 fans at Clarke Stadium saw defensive tackle Greg Pipes win the Canada Packers steer in a vote by the fans as the team’s most popular player, and linebacker Dave Gasser win the Jackie Parker Trophy, awarded to the player best exemplifying the qualities of leadership, desire, and playing ability. The second place finish was the highest for the Eskimos in 9 years and ensured the team its first playoff game at home since 1961.

CIAU
Alberta (4-2) 29 @ Manitoba (5-1) 24
British Columbia (1-6) 0 @ Calgary (4-3) 27

Don Tallas completed a 77-yard touchdown pass to Mel Smith in the last minute of the game to enable the Golden Bears to defeat the Bisons at Pan Am Stadium in Winnipeg. The Bisons quickly drove to the Alberta 6-yard line, but Manitoba quarterback Bob Kraemer was sacked on the last play.

Joe Petrone threw a touchdown pass to Bud Copland, scored a 2-point convert, kicked a 37-yard field goal, and punted for singles of 63 and 70 yards to lead the Dinosaurs over the Thunderbirds at McMahon Stadium. Don Cohen returned a punt 54 yards for a Calgary TD in the 3rd quarter.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Upside Down--Diana Ross (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Amoureux solitaires (Dis-moi que tu m'aimes)--Lio (2nd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA
2 Upside Down--Diana Ross
3 Can't Stop the Music--Village People
4 Emotional Rescue--The Rolling Stones
5 Fame--Irene Cara
6 D.I.S.C.O.--Ottawan
7 Magic--Olivia Newton-John
8 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
9 Little Jeannie--Elton John
10 Samantha--David London

Singles entering the chart were Another One Bites the Dust by Queen (#17); and Woman in Love by Barbra Streisand (#18).

At the movies
It's My Turn, directed by Claudia Weill, and starring Jill Clayburgh, Michael Douglas, and Charles Grodin, opened in theatres.



Adventure
German car dealer and stuntman Jaromir Wagner arrived at the Goose Bay, Labrador airport after a chilling eight-hour flight from Greenland. On his 1,000-kilometre journey to become the first man to cross the Atlantic Ocean on the wing of an airplane, he stopped four times during his 11-day trip from Glessen, West Germany.

War
Iraq claimed to have eliminated the last pocket of resistance in the Iranian port city of Khurramshahr.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 1% in September, showing that the economy continued to be susceptible to inflation.

Labour
The government of Poland legalized the Solidarity trade union.

Disasters
An earthquake measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale struck southern Mexico near Huajuapan de Leon, killing at least 29 people and injuring hundreds more.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: It's a Mad, Mad, Madeline World

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to deplore Israel’s refusal to cooperate with a UN investigation into the October 8 shootings of Palestinian demonstrators by Israeli police on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount.

Politics and government
The nine-party Islamic Democratic Alliance, led by Nawaz Sharif, won 111 of 237 seats in the National Assembly in the Pakistani general election. The Pakistan People’s Party, led by former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, won just 44 seats. Mrs. Bhutto, who had predicted that she would be returned to office by the voters, charged that the government had engaged in large-scale electoral fraud to prevent her return to power.

Elizabeth Dole resigned as U.S. Secretary of Labor to accept the presidency of the American Red Cross. She had been the highest-ranking woman in the administration of President George Bush, and was the first member of Mr. Bush’s cabinet to resign.

Society
The United States Senate voted 66-34 to override President George Bush’s veto of a civil rights bill, but the result fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority necessary to effect the override. Mr. Bush had vetoed the bill after arguing that the bill "will have the effect of coercing businesses to adopt quotas in hiring and promotion."

World events
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti revealed to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian "stay-behind" clandestine paramilitary NATO army, which was implicated in false flag terrorist attacks implicating Communists and anarchists as part of the strategy of tension from the late 1960s to early 1980s.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 3 @ Seibu Lions 7 (Seibu won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Seibu first baseman Orestes Destrade was named the Series' Most Valuable Player after the Lions completed their sweep of the Giants before 31,804 fans at Seibu Lions Stadium in Tokorozawa.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Boombastic--Shaggy (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Grand Council of the Crees of Québec, under the leadership of Matthew Coon Come and the Inuit First Nations of Nouveau-Québec held their own referendum on Québec secession, arguing that argued that if Quebecers as a distinct people could choose to separate from Canada, the Cree as a distinct people could choose to stay. The Cree voters were asked: "Do you consent, as a people, that the Government of Quebec separate the James Bay Crees and Cree traditional territory from Canada in the event of a Yes vote in the Quebec referendum?" 96.3% of the Cree voted in favour of retaining the relationship with Canada. Of 6,380 eligible voters, 77% participated in the Cree referendum. On October 30, the Crees asked for support from Canadians and their governments.

Environment
The government of Canada and the provincial governments agreed to establish strict air pollution emission standards for new cars by the year 2001.

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada rate rises 98 basis points, the largest jump in three years.

The Québec government and its agencies bought up hundreds of millions of Canadian dollars in a move to stabilize markets ahead of the sovereignty referendum.

Baseball
World Series
Atlanta Braves 6 @ Cleveland Indians 7 (11 innings) (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Carlos Baerga led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a double--his third hit of the game--and was removed for pinch runner Alvaro Espinoza. Albert Belle was then intentionally walked, and Eddie Murray followed with a single to drive home Mr. Espinoza with the winning run before 43,584 fans at Jacobs Field.



Nippon Series
Orix BlueWave 4 @ Yakult Swallows 7 (10 innings) (Yakult led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Takahiro Ikeyama hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Swallows their win over the BlueWave before 32,915 fans at Meiji Jingu Stadium in Shinjuku, Tokyo.



20 years ago
2000


Protest
60 people were reported killed during uprisings in Ivory Coast against the military dictatorship of General Robert Guei.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 2 @ New York Mets 4 (Yankees led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Benny Agbayani doubled in the winning run as the Mets scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Yankees before 55,299 fans at Shea Stadium, ending the Yankees' 14-game World Series winning streak. Rick Reed started on the mound for the Mets and struck out 8 in 6 innings, leaving with the score tied 2-2. John Franco (1-0), the third of four relief pitchers used by the Mets, was credited with the win. Orlando Hernandez (0-1) struck out 12 in 7.1 innings in taking the loss.



10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Joseph Stein, 98
. U.S. playwright. Mr. Stein wrote for radio and television, but was best known for writing the books for musical plays such as Fiddler on the Roof (1964) and Zorba (1968), winning two Tony Awards for the former. He died of complications from a fall.

Lamont Johnson, 88. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Johnson played Archie Goodwin in the radio series The New Adventures of Nero Wolfe (1950-1951) and the title character in the radio series Tarzan (1951), but was best known as a director of television programs and movies. He was nominated for nine Emmy Awards, winning for the made-for-television movie Wallenberg: A Hero's Story (1985) and the miniseries Lincoln (1988). Mr. Johnson died of heart failure, 24 days after his 88th birthday.

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