Tuesday, 13 October 2020

October 13, 2020

310 years ago
1710


War
Port Royal, the capital of French Acadia, fell in a siege by British forces.

175 years ago
1845


Politics and government
A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approved a proposed constitution that, if accepted by the U.S. Congress, would make Texas a U.S. state.

150 years ago
1870


Born on this date
Albert Jay Nock
. Mr. Nock was an editor with the magazines The Nation and The Freeman. He was one of the first people to self-identify as "libertarian," and influenced later writers and philosophers such as William F. Buckley. Mr. Nock died of leukemia on August 19, 1945 at the age of 74.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Conrad Richter
. U.S. author. Mr. Richter wrote about life on the American frontier in novels such as The Town (1950); The Light in the Forest (1953); and The Waters of Kronos (1961). He died on October 30, 1968, 17 days after his 78th birthday.

Died on this date
Samuel Freeman Miller, 74
. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1862-1890. Dr. Miller was a physician before becoming a lawyer in 1847. He opposed slavery in his native Kentucky and moved to Iowa in 1850 and freed the slaves who had come to Iowa with his family. Dr. Miller supported Abraham Lincoln's U.S. presidential election campaign in 1860, and was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Lincoln in 1862. Justice Miller wrote 616 Supreme Court opinions, and favoured Mr. Lincoln's views, including the suspension of civil liberties during the American Civil War.

Music
Richard Strauss's tone poem Macbeth received its premiere performance in Weimar, Germany.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Mike Gazella
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gazella was an infielder with the New York Yankees (1923, 1926-1928), batting .241 with no home runs and 32 runs batted in in 160 games. The Yankees won American League pennants in all four of his seasons with them, and he was on the Yankees' World Series roster in all four years, but saw action in only 1 game, playing 2 innings at third base in the fifth game of the Yankees' seven-game loss to the St. Louis Cardinals in 1926, getting hit by a pitch in his only plate appearance. Mr. Gazella played more than 900 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1924-1939), hitting at least 49 home runs. He died on September 11, 1978 at the age of 82.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Gerald Marks
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Marks was best known for writing the music for the song All of Me. He died on January 27, 1997 at the age of 96.

Politics and government
Colonel D. H. McMillan was installed as Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, succeeding J.C. Patterson.

110 years ago
1910


Defense
Possession of His Majesty's Dockyard and Admiralty House in Halifax were transferred to Canada by an Imperial Order in Council.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Laraine Day
. U.S. actress. Miss Day, born La Raine Johnson, played nurse Mary Lamont in seven Dr. Kildare movies (1939-1941) . Her other films included Foreign Correspondent (1940) and The High and the Mighty (1954). Miss Day was married to baseball manager Leo Durocher from 1947-1960, and died on November 10, 2007 at the age of 87.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Noble Bachelor

Football
NFL
Philadelphia (0-5) 7 @ New York (2-1-1) 17
Pittsburgh (1-3-2) 0 @ Brooklyn (3-1) 21
Chicago Cardinals (1-3-2) 21 @ Washington (4-0) 28
Detroit (2-2-1) 0 @ Chicago Bears (3-1) 7
Cleveland (1-3) 14 @ Green Bay (3-1) 31

AFL
New York (1-2) 7 @ Boston (2-1) 28
Cincinnati (0-4) 0 @ Milwaukee (3-0) 49

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Till the End of Time--Perry Como with Russ Case and his Orchestra (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Airplay--5th week at #1; Juke Box--3rd week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--4th week at #1)

Theatre
Strange Fruit, adapted by Lillian and Esther Smith from Lillian Smith's novel of the same name, received its premiere performance in Montreal before moving to New York six weeks later. The play was directed by Jose Ferrer, and starred Jane White and Mel Ferrer.

Died on this date
Milton Hershey, 88
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Hershey founded the Hershey Chocolate Company in 1900 and the town of Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Ottawa (3-1) 25 @ Montreal (1-3) 8
Toronto (3-1) 10 @ Hamilton (1-3) 8

70 years ago
1950


Died on this date
Ernest Haycox, 51
. U.S. author. Mr. Haycox wrote Western fiction, publishing two dozen novels and about 300 short stories from the 1920s until his death after unsuccessful cancer surgery, 12 days after his 51st birthday. His story Stage to Lordsburg (1937) was filmed as Stagecoach (1939).

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Please Don't Tease--Cliff Richard and the Shadows (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Tell Laura I Love Her--Ricky Valance (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Rusty Heller Story

This was the first episode of the season.



At the movies
Midnight Lace, directed by David Miller, and starring Doris Day, Rex Harrison, and John Gavin, received its premiere screening in New York City.





Politics and government
Former Canadian Defence Minister George Pearkes was installed as Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia, succeeding Frank Ross.

The two major U.S. presidential candidates--Vice President Richard Nixon (Republican) and U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (Democrat) engaged in the third of four televised debates. Unlike the first two, the two men weren't in the same place; Mr. Nixon was at the ABC studio in Los Angeles, while Mr. Kennedy was at the ABC studio in New York.



Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-8-1) 21 @ Winnipeg (13-1) 49

Attendance at Winnipeg Stadium was 16,750.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 9 @ Pittsburgh Pirates 10 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Bill Mazeroski led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run off Ralph Terry to give the Pirates their win over the Yankees before 36,683 fans at Forbes Field and their first World Series championship in 35 years. It was the last game as manager of the Yankees for Casey Stengel, who had led the team to 10 pennants and 7 World Series championships in 12 years.







50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (4th week at #1)

Terrorism
With British Trade Commissioner James Cross and Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte being held hostage by FLQ terrorists in Montreal, 15 soldiers from the 22ième Régiment arrived in the city to assist civil authorities; other units took up positions in Québec City. Police had Jacques Lanctôt under suspicion, while Paul Rose was picked up by surveillance but lost.

Journalism
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Ottawa bureau reporter Tim Ralfe engaged in an impromptu debate outside the Parliament buildings in Ottawa regarding whether Mr. Trudeau's proposed words and actions toward FLQ terrorists threatened Canadians' civil liberties. When asked how far he would go, Mr. Trudeau said, "Just watch me."



Abominations
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Trudeau established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after almost two years of negotiations, while at the same time severing diplomatic ties with the Chinese Nationalist government in Taiwan. The joint Canadian-Chinese announcement said that the government of Canada "noted" Communist China’s claim to Taiwan, but did not accept it. Nationalist Chinese Ambassador Hu chi Hsueh immediately left Canada.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, led by Gerald Regan, upset the governing Progressive Conservative government of Premier G.I. Smith in the Nova Scotia provincial election. The Liberals took 23 of 46 seats in the House of Assembly, an increase of 17 from their total in the most recent election in 1967. The PCs, despite having a slight edge in the popular vote (46.9%-46.1%), dropped from 40 seats to 21. The New Democratic Party, led by Jeremy Akerman, won the remaining 2 seats.

Crime
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents arrested fugitive Angela Davis in a New York City motel after being sought nationwide for two months. Miss Davis, a former university professor from California, was wanted on murder and kidnapping charges related to a courthouse shooting on August 7 in San Rafael, California during a trial of a Black Panther terrorist that resulted in the deaths of Judge Harold Haley and three others.

Diplomacy
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaucescu began a two-week visit to the United States, becoming the first leader of a Communist state to be an official guest of the U.S. administration of President Richard Nixon.

Baseball
World Series
Cincinnati Reds 3 @ Baltimore Orioles 9 (Baltimore led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Dave McNally (1-0) pitched a 9-hit complete game and became the first pitcher to hit a grand slam in World Series competition as the Orioles beat the Reds before 51,773 fans at Memorial Stadium. Tony Cloninger (0-1) pitched 5.1 innings in taking the loss. He was relieved by Wayne Granger, who gave up the grand slam to Mr. McNally. Frank Robinson and Don Buford also hit home runs for the Orioles, while third baseman Brooks Robinson drove in 2 runs with a double and made a couple of great plays in the field.





40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Upside Down--Diana Ross (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kaze wa Aki Iro/Eighteen--Seiko Matsuda

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Don Diablo--Miguel Bosé

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Santa Maria--Oliver Onions (4th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-7) 28 @ Hamilton (6-6-1) 30
British Columbia (6-6-1) 9 @ Edmonton (11-2) 33

Rufus Crawford scored twice on 1-yard rushes and middle linebacker Ben Zambiasi made 2 interceptions to snuff out Calgary drives as the Tiger-Cats won in front of 19,989 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Hamilton’s other touchdown came on a 42-yard pass from Dave Marler to Leif Pettersen. Calgary quarterback Ken Johnson completed 23 of 28 passes for 295 yards and touchdowns of 72 yards to James Sykes and 14 yards to Ron Robinson. For Mr. Robinson, it ws his first CFL touchdown. Backup Calgary quarterback Bruce Threadgill threw just 1 pass, but it went for a 78-yard touchdown to Willie Armstead; it was Mr. Armstead’s only reception of the day. Mr. Threadgill suffered a season-ending shoulder separation shortly after this play. Mr. Sykes rushed for just 30 yards on 9 carries, but caught 8 passes for 117. Rocky DiPietro led the Hamilton receivers with 106 yards on 5 receptions.

The Eskimo defense held the Lions to just 9 first downs and 95 yards net offense before 43,346 fans on a dark and drizzly Thanksgiving day afternoon at Commonwealth Stadium. Warren Moon completed 17 of 23 passes for 247 yards and a 31-yard touchdown to Tom Scott in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Moon also rushed 6 times for 49 yards, including an 8-yard run for the first touchdown just 2:37 into the game. Mr. Scott scored the game’s second touchdown--and his first of the game--on a 4-yard rush just over 4 minutes later. It was his second rushing touchdown in as many years, on as many rushing plays. Dave Cutler added 3 converts and 4 field goals. Larry Key rushed 4 yards for the only B.C. touchdown, while Lui Passaglia converted and added 2 singles. With wide receivers Brian Kelly and Waddell Smith having suffered serious injuries in the loss at Winnipeg the week before, the Eskimos activated Randy Simmrin and former Washington Redskin Danny Buggs. Mr. Buggs made a great catch for a 25-yard gain on the first play of the game, and finished with 2 catches for 29 yards. Mr. Simmrin also caught 2 passes for 29 yards, but seemed nervous in what turned out to be his only CFL game; his first reception was for a gain of 22, but he fumbled and the Lions recovered. Tom Wilkinson, who had been used just for holding on placekicks since August because of a hamstring injury, relieved Mr. Moon in the 4th quarter, but looked rusty, completing 1 of 4 passes for 13 yards. Mr. Scott led all receivers with 94 yards on 6 receptions, while Jim Germany of the Eskimos led all rushers with 9 carries for 51 yards. Joe Paopao started at quarterback for the Lions and completed 8 of 14 passes for 86 yards and an interception before leaving the game after he injured his throwing hand when he banged it on the helmet of Edmonton defensive lineman Ron Estay. Rookie Roy Dewalt relieved Mr. Paopao but completed just 3 of 12 passes for 13 yards.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sotto Questo Sole--Francesco Baccini; Ladri di Biciclette (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Can't Stand It--Twenty 4 Seven (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): À toutes les filles...--Félix Gray & Didier Barbelivien (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Show Me Heaven--Maria McKee (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Verdammt - Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim (2nd week at #1)
2 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Nah Neh Nah--Vaya con Dios
4 Tonight--New Kids on the Block
5 The Cult of Snap--Hi Power
6 Suicide Blonde--INXS
7 It's on You--M.C. Sar & the Real McCoy
8 Promise Me--Beverley Craven
9 Cult of Snap--Snap!
10 Groove is in the Heart--Deee-Lite

Singles entering the chart were Show Me Heaven by Maria McKee (#29); Lieveling, Heb Jij Me Niet Meer Nodig by De Vrijbuiters (#32); Una Donna Cosi by Marco Borsato (#34); Holy Smoke by Iron Maiden (#36); and The Obvious Child by Paul Simon (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Praying for Time--George Michael
2 Close to You--Maxi Priest
3 I Don't Have the Heart--James Ingram
4 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
5 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
6 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson
7 Romeo--Dino
8 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
9 Everybody Everybody--Black Box
10 Oh Girl--Paul Young

Singles entering the chart were Impulsive by Wilson Phillips (#62); Missunderstanding by Al B. Sure! (#77); My Love is a Fire by Donny Osmond (#80); Love is a Rock by REO Speedwagon (#83); Miles Away by Winger (#84); and B.B.D. (I Thought it was Me) by Bell Biv DeVoe (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Praying for Time--George Michael
2 I Don’t Have the Heart--James Ingram
3 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson
4 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
5 Close to You--Maxi Priest
6 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
7 Thieves in the Temple--Prince
8 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
9 Romeo--Dino
10 Oh Girl--Paul Young

Singles entering the chart were Miracle by Jon Bon Jovi (#48); Impulsive by Wilson Phillips (#50); My Love is a Fire by Donny Osmond (#61); Miles Away by Winger (#73); and Breakdown by Seduction (#84).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
2 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
3 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
4 Oh Girl--Paul Young
5 Praying for Time--George Michael
6 Thieves in the Temple--Prince
7 Suicide Blonde--INXS
8 Can't Stop Fallin' Into Love--Cheap Trick
9 Girl with a Problem--The Northern Pikes
10 Heart of Stone--Taylor Dayne

Singles entering the chart were Concrete and Steel by ZZ Top (#56); Letter Back by Zappacosta (#59); So Close by Daryl Hall John Oates (#71); Rhythm of the Rain by Dan Fogelberg (#79); Lyin' to Myself by David Cassidy (#84); Still Beating by World on Edge (#87); Groove is in the Heart by Deee-Lite (#89); Ooops Up by Snap! (#91); So Listen by MCJ & Cool G (#92); Type by Living Colour (#96); and and Soul Inspiration by Anita Baker (#97).

Died on this date
Lê Đức Thọ, 78
. Vietnamese military officer and politician. General Tho was head of the Central Organizing Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1956-1973 and 1976-1982. He and Henry Kissinger of the United States were jointly awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize "for the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces," but Gen. Tho declined the honour. He died the day before his 79th birthday.

War
General Michel Aoun, who had led a Christian force that had fought the government of Lebanon for 11 months, surrendered after entering the French embassy to seek refuge from Syrian air and ground attacks.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (11-4) 21 @ Toronto (8-7) 16

Robert Mimbs rushed 17 times for 90 yards, including a 7-yard touchdown in the 2nd quarter, as the Blue Bombers held off a late Argo rally before a SkyDome crowd of 33,269. Winnipeg quarterback Tom Burgess threw 8 yards to Eric Streater for the other Blue Bomber touchdown in the 3rd quarter, while Trevor Kennerd added 2 converts, 2 field goals, and a single. Lance Chomyc kicked 3 field goals for the Argos in the first half, which accounted for all the Toronto scoring until John Congemi connected with former Blue Bomber Jeff Boyd for a 13-yard touchdown with 40 seconds remaining in regulation time, converted by Mr. Chomyc. Rickey Foggie started at quarterback for the Argos, but left in the 2nd quarter with a finger injury, and was replaced by Mr. Congemi. The Argos completed just 10 of 32 passes for 149 yards.

CIAU
St. Mary’s 75 Cape Breton 16
Mount Allison 30 Acadia 11
Concordia 27 McGill 15
Bishop’s 29 Queen’s 20
Wilfrid Laurier 31 York 6
Windsor 31 Guelph 15
Western Ontario 42 Waterloo 20
Calgary (5-1) 32 @ Manitoba 15

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lucky Love--Ace Of Base

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boombastic--Shaggy (2nd week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had edged upward 0.1% in September.

Football
CFL
Birmingham (10-6) 29 @ Shreveport (5-12) 28
Memphis (8-8) 17 @ Edmonton (11-5) 34

Luis Zendejas kicked his third field goal of the game, from 42 yards, on the last play of regulation time to give the Barracudas their win over the Pirates before 21,117 fans at Independence Stadium. Mr. Zendejas' field goal came just 55 seconds after Bjorn Nittmo had kicked his seventh field goal of the game, from 43 yards, to give Shreveport the lead. Birmingham quarterback Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to Marcus Grant, Keith Woodside, and Schredrick Austin. Shreveport quarterback Billy Joe Tolliver connected with Norman Bradford for the Pirates' only touchdown in the 2nd quarter.

Eric Blount caught 2 touchdown passes from Kerwin Bell and rushed for another TD as the Eskimos beat the Mad Dogs before 30,111 fans at Commonwealth Stadium to clinch second place in the North Division. Eddie Brown, recently reacquired from Memphis in a trade for running back Lucius Floyd, scored the first Edmonton touchdown on a 32-yard pass from Mr. Bell in the 1st quarter. The Mad Dogs scored their only touchdown in the 4th quarter on a 9-yard pass from Damon Allen to Shawn Collins.



Baseball
National League Championship Series
Cincinnati 2 @ Atlanta 5 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Charlie O'Brien hit a 3-run home run off David Wells in the bottom of the 6th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the Braves beat the Reds before 51,424 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Winning pitcher Greg Maddux allowed 7 hits and 1 run--earned--in 8 innings.



American League Championship Series
Seattle 5 @ Cleveland 2 (11 innings) (Seattle led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Jay Buhner hit a solo home run off Charles Nagy in the 2nd inning and a 3-run homer off Eric Plunk in the 11th to lead the Mariners over the Indians before 43,643 fans at Jacobs Field.



20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Jean Peters, 73
. U.S. actress. Miss Peters was known for movies such as Captain from Castile (1947); Viva Zapata! (1952); and Pickup on South Street (1953). She was married to billionaire Howard Hughes from 1957-1971, and retired from acting except for a few television roles after Mr. Hughes' death in 1976. Miss Peters died of leukemia, two days before her 74th birthday.

Diplomacy
South Korean President Kim Dae Jung was announced as the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2000. He had long been a critic of authoritarian governments in his country and had pursued the restoration of relations with North Korea after being elected President in 1997.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-9-1) 32 @ Hamilton (8-7-0-2) 8

The Argonauts sacked Hamilton quarterbacks Todd Bankhead and Billy Dicken 5 times and made 3 interceptions as they jumped out to a 21-1 halftime lead and held the Tiger-Cats to 11 first downs and 175 yards net offense for the entire game. Toronto running back Michael Jenkins rushed 20 times for 102 yards and caught 5 passes for 66. Kerwin Bell passed for touchdowns of 4 yards to Eddie Brown and 17 yards to Andre Kirwan, and former Tiger-Cat Calvin Tiggle returned an interception 8 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter--just after the Tiger-Cats had stopped the Argonauts on a goal line stand. Jacob Marini added 3 converts and 3 field goals, while Noel Prefontaine punted for a pair of singles. Hamilton’s only touchdown came 2:25 into the 3rd quarter on a 20-yard pass from Mr. Bankhead to Mike Morreale, who led all receivers with 68 yards on 4 receptions. If I’m not mistaken, it was in this game that Hamilton head coach Ron Lancaster gave clear instructions to Mr. Dicken on what to do on a third-down gamble, only to see the rookie do exactly what he’d told him not to do, resulting in a turnover. The coach’s reaction made for great television. 19,632 attended the game at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
New York 8 @ Seattle 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Bernie Williams and Tino Martinez hit consecutive home runs in the 2nd inning as the Yankees beat the Mariners before 47,827 fans at Safeco Field. Andy Pettitte (1-0) was the winning pitcher over Aaron Sele (0-1).



10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Vernon Biever, 87
. U.S. photographer. Mr. Biever was the official photographer for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League from 1946-2006. His son John took the most famous photo in team history, of Bart Starr scoring the winning touchdown in the 1967 NFL Championship game.

Disasters
The mining accident in Copiapó, Chile ended as all 33 trapped miners arrived at the surface after a record 69 days underground.



Law
The Ontario Court of Appeal ruled that witnesses who wear a niqab must remove it on the stand, but only if wearing it jeopardizes the accused's right to a fair trial.

Health
Health Canada added Bisphenol A--used in plastic bottles--to Schedule 1 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, declaring it to be a toxic substance.

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