Tuesday, 20 October 2020

October 20, 2020

450 years ago
1570


Died on this date
João de Barros, 73 or 74
. Portuguese administrator and historian. Mr. Barros held several positions under King João III, including factor of the House of India and Mina (1532-1568). His most famous work was Décadas da Ásia "Decades of Asia), a history of the Portuguese in India, Asia, and southeast Africa. The first three volumes were published from 1552-1563, but Mr. Barros died before publishing the fourth volume; it was finally published in 1615. Diogo de Couto continued the series, adding nine more volumes.

400 years ago
1620


Born on this date
Aelbert Cuyp
. Dutch artist. Mr. Cuyp was a landscape painter during the Dutch Golden Age who was known for his large views of Dutch riverside scenes in a golden early morning or late afternoon light. He died on November 15, 1691, 26 days after his 71st birthday.

280 years ago
1740


Died on this date
Charles VI, 55
. Holy Roman Emperor, 1711-1740. Charles VI succeeded his elder brother Joseph I as Holy Roman Emperor and several other titles. Charles VI had no male heirs and issued the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 in an attempt to allow for a daughter to take the throne; his daughter Maria Theresa was born four years later. Some countries recognized the Pragmatic Sanction and others didn't or later reneged on their support. Emperor Charles VI died 19 days after his 55th birthday as a result of taking ill after a day outdoors in cold, wet weather.

War
France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refused to honour the Pragmatic Sanction, sparking the War of the Austrian Succession.

150 years ago
1870


Died on this date
Michael William Balfe, 62
. Irish composer and conductor. Mr. Balfe was an operatic singer and violinist who wrote at least 29 operas, almost 250 songs, several cantatas, and other works in a career spanning more than 40 years. His conducting posts included that of directing Italian opera at Her Majesty's Theatre in London from 1846-1852. Mr. Balfe retired in 1864.

130 years ago
1890


Died on this date
Richard Burton, 69
. U.K. explorer. Sir Richard, who reportedly spoke 29 languages, was known for translating into English One Thousand and One Nights (aka The Arabian Nights); visiting Mecca and Medina in disguise in 1853; and journeying with fellow Englishman John Hanning Speke to the Great Lakes of Africa from 1857-1858 in search of the source of the Nile River.

Baseball
World Series
Brooklyn Bridegrooms 7 @ Louisville Colonels 7 (7½ innings) (Brooklyn led best-six-of-ten series 2-0-1)

The Colonels scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to tie the Bridegrooms before 2,500 fans at Eclipse Park, after which the game was called because of darkness. Brooklyn led the game 6-1 after 5½ innings. Adonis Terry, who had pitched an 8-inning shutout in game 1, had his second complete game of the Series for the Bridegrooms. Scott Stratton, the losing pitcher in game 1, started for the Colonels, but was relieved in the 4th by George Meakim.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Morrie Ryskind
. U.S. playwright, screenwriter, and songwriter. Mr. Ryskind wrote scrips and lyrics for Broadway musicals and Hollywood movies. He and George S. Kaufman wrote the book for Of Thee I Sing (1931), which became the first musical to win the first Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Mr. Ryskind was known for his association with the Marx Brothers; he wrote the book for the musical (1929) and the screenplay for the movie (1930) Animal Crackers, and the screenplays for the movies The Cocoanuts (1929); A Night at the Opera (1935); and Room Service (1938). Mr. Ryskind was nominated for Academy Awards for his screenplays for My Man Godfrey (1936) and Stage Door (1937). He was a member of the Socialist Party of America in the 1930s, but eventually became a conservative. His testimony as a "friendly witness" before the U.S. House of Representatives in 1947 may have led to his inability to sell any scripts afterward. Mr. Ryskind died on August 24, 1985 at the age of 89.

Rex Ingram. U.S. actor. Mr. Ingram appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 50 years. His movies included The Green Pastures (1936) and The Thief of Bagdad (1940). Mr. Ingram died of a heart attack on September 19, 1969 at the age of 73.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Ismail al-Azhari
. Prime Minister of Sudan, 1954-1956; President of Sudan, 1965-1969. Mr. al-Azhari was a founder of the National Unionist Party (NUP), becoming Prime Minister as Sudan moved toward self-government. He originally advocated unity with Egypt, but changed his position in the face of public opposition, and declared Sudanese independence on January 1, 1956. Mr. al-Azhari resigned as Prime Minister six months later after losing a vote of non-confidence in Parliament. He opposed succeeding governments, but was unsuccessful in regaining power. Mr. al-Azhari was given the largely honourary office of President in 1965, but was ousted in May 1969 in a military coup d'état led by Colonel Gaafar Nimeiry. Mr. al-Azhari died just three months later, on August 26, 1969 at the age of 69.

Wayne Morse. U.S. politician. Mr. Morse, a Republican who became an independent and then a Democrat, represented Oregon in the United States Senate (1945-1969). He was best known for being one of just two Senators to oppose, on constitutional grounds, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 that authorized an expansion of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Mr. Morse died on July 22, 1974 at the age of 73.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Chen Liting
. Chinese film director, screenwriter, and playwright. Mr. Chen was prominent before the Communist came to power in China in 1949. His play Put Down Your Whip (1931) was widely performed during the Japanese invasion of China in the 1930s. Mr. Chen began writing and directing movies in the 1940s, with his most famous films being Far Away Love (1947) and Women Side by Side (1949). He worked mainly in administrative positions under the Communist government, but was eventually imprisoned during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). Mr. Chen was rehabilitated near the end of the Cultural Revolution and spent three years working on the historical film Da Feng Ge, but the film was cancelled because of political interference, and he retired from filmmaking. Mr. Chen died on August 27, 2013 at the age of 102.

Died on this date
David B. Hill, 67
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hill, a Democrat, was Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1883-1885; Governor of New York from 1885-1891; and represented New York in the United States Senate from 1892-1897. He died of Bright's disease and heart disease.

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Athletics 12 @ Chicago Cubs 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Danny Murphy’s 3-run home run highlighted a 5-run 3rd inning to break a 3-3 tie, as the Athletics scored 5 runs in that inning and 4 more in the top of the 7th in defeating the Cubs before 26,210 fans at West Side Park. Jack Coombs pitched his second consecutive complete game victory and batted 3 for 5 with a double and 3 runs batted in. Ed Reulbach started on the mound for the Cubs, but was pulled after 2 innings. He was relieved by Harry McIntire, who pitched just 1/3 inning and took the loss. Jack Pfiester finished the game with 6 2/3 innings of relief, giving up 4 unearned runs. The Cubs made 5 errors, contributing to 6 unearned runs for the Athletics. Mr. Murphy’s homer was the only home run of the Series.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Siddhartha Shankar Ray
. Indian politician and diplomat. Mr. Ray, a member of the India National Congress Party, held various offices in a career of almost 40 years, including Chief Minister of West Bengal (1972-1977); Governor of Punjab (1986-1989); and Indian Ambassador to the United States (1992–1996). He died on November 6, 2010, 15 days after his 90th birthday.

Society
British Columbia voters, in a provincial referendum, voted in favour of government control and sale of liquor, rather than prohibition.

90 years ago
1930

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring William Gillette and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Speckled Band

It was appropriate that William Gillette, who had been performing his own play Sherlock Holmes since 1899, should portray the master detective in the first Sherlock Holmes radio broadcast to be part of a series. It was Mr. Gillette's only appearance as Sherlock Holmes in a radio broadcast, although a recording exists of a brief audio clip of Mr. Gillette in character from 1935. Edith Meiser adapted A. Conan Doyle's story for radio, the first of her many such adaptations.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Engineer's Thumb

Defense
HMS Windflower, the first corvette built in Canada, was commissioned into the Royal Navy in Halifax with a Canadian crew; she was turned over to the Royal Canadian Navy in 1941.

Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (1-4-2) 0 @ New York (3-1-1) 12
Washington (5-0) 34 @ Philadelphia (0-6) 17
Chicago Cardinals (1-4-2) 14 @ Cleveland (2-3) 26
Brooklyn (3-2) 7 @ Chicago Bears (4-1) 16
Detroit (3-2-1) 23 @ Green Bay (3-2) 14

AFL
Buffalo (1-4) 0 @ Boston (4-1) 20
Milwaukee (3-2) 7 @ New York (2-2) 30

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Till the End of Time--Perry Como with Russ Case and his Orchestra (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Airplay--6th week at #1; Juke Box--4th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--5th week at #1)

Football
CRU
IRFU
Montreal (1-4) 5 @ Ottawa (4-1) 28
Hamilton (1-4) 10 @ Toronto (4-1) 13

Joe Krol played his first game as an Argonaut in the team's win over the Tigers at Varsity Stadium. Mr. Krol had played with the Hamilton Flying Wildcats of the Ontario Rugby Football Union in 1944 before joining the Detroit Lions of the National Football League and playing 2 games with them in 1945.

Canadian university
Alberta (1-0) 14 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 5

Mickey Hajash rushed 95 yards for a touchdown late in the 3rd quarter to help the Golden Bears defeat the Huskies before 3,000 fans at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon.

70 years ago
1950


Died on this date
Henry L. Stimson, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Stimson (see also here), a Republican, was U.S. Secretary of War (1911-1913, 1940-1945); Secretary of State (1929-1933); and Governor-General of the Philippines (1927-1929). While Secretary of State, he instituted the Stimson Doctrine of non-recognition of international territorial changes that were executed by force. Mr. Stimson died from the effects of a heart attack, 29 days after his 83rd birthday.

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Please Don't Tease--Cliff Richard and the Shadows (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Only the Lonely (Know How I Feel)--Roy Orbison

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Jack 'Legs' Diamond



50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (5th week at #1)

World events
Algeria announced that it had granted political asylum to Timothy Leary, who escaped from a California prison where he was serving a sentence for possession of marijuana. The Algerian press service said that Dr. Leary intended to work at a Black Panther office.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Upside Down--Diana Ross (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kaze wa Aki Iro/Eighteen--Seiko Matsuda (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Xanadu--Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Santa Maria--Oliver Onions (5th week at #1)

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Scandalo--Gianna Nannini

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Can't Stand It--Twenty 4 Seven (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Kingston Town--UB40

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Show Me Heaven--Maria McKee (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Verdammt - Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim (3rd week at #1)
2 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Nah Neh Nah--Vaya con Dios
4 Tonight--New Kids on the Block
5 Suicide Blonde--INXS
6 The Joker--Steve Miller Band
7 Cult of Snap--Snap!
8 Have You Seen Her--MC Hammer
9 Promise Me--Beverley Craven
10 The Cult of Snap--Hi Power

Singles entering the chart were Candy by Iggy Pop (#22); Duet by Brigitte Kaandorp en Herman Finkers (#26); Crying in the Rain by A-ha (#31); La Colegiala by Sandra Reemer (#36); Brother Sagitarius by Hessel (#37); and That's Freedom by John Farnham (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Don't Have the Heart--James Ingram
2 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
3 Praying for Time--George Michael
4 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
5 Close to You--Maxi Priest
6 Romeo--Dino
7 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles
8 Everybody Everybody--Black Box
9 Can't Stop--After 7
10 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson

Singles entering the chart were I'm Your Baby Tonight by Whitney Houston (#42); Each and Every Time by Sweet Sensation (#79); And So it Goes by Billy Joel (#83); Fairweather Friend by Johnny Gill (#88); So Hard by Pet Shop Boys (#93); Tick Tock by the Vaughan Brothers (#95); and Love is the Ritual by Styx (#96).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Praying for Time--George Michael (2nd week at #1)
2 I Don’t Have the Heart--James Ingram
3 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
4 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
5 Close to You--Maxi Priest
6 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson
7 Romeo--Dino
8 Suicide Blonde--INXS
9 Everybody Everybody--Black Box
10 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles

Singles entering the chart were I'm Your Baby Tonight by Whitney Houston (#35); Missunderstanding by Al B. Sure! (#65); Tick Tock by the Vaughan Brothers (#68); B.B.D. (I Thought It Was Me)? by Bell Biv DeVoe (#70); New Power Generation by Prince (#75); Each and Every Time by Sweet Sensation (#85); and And So it Goes by Billy Joel (#89).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Praying for Time--George Michael
3 Suicide Blonde--INXS
4 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
5 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
6 Oh Girl--Paul Young
7 Heart of Stone--Taylor Dayne
8 Girl with a Problem--The Northern Pikes
9 Close to You--Maxi Priest
10 More than Words Can Say--Alias

Singles entering the chart were Pray by MC Hammer (#66); Something to Believe In by Poison (#71); Better Not Tell Her by Carly Simon (#73); When a Heart Breaks by Rik Emmett (#74); Let's Try it Again by New Kids on the Block (#83); Can't Feel the Pain by Brent Bourgeois (#86); From a Distance by Bette Midler (#87); Rain on Me by Corey Hart (#92); Lost Brotherhood by Gowan (#94); Heart Like a Wheel by the Human League (#97); and The Obvious Child by Paul Simon (#98).

Died on this date
Joel McCrea, 84
. U.S. actor. Mr. McCrea starred in movies such as Foreign Correspondent (1940); Sullivan's Travels (1941); The Palm Beach Story (1942); and The More the Merrier (1943), but appeared almost exclusively in Westerns later in his career, most notably Ride the High Country (1962). He died 16 days before his 85th birthday.

Scandal
Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry was sentenced to 6 months in prison and fined $5,000 and costs on the conviction of a misdemeanour charge of possessing cocaine. U.S. Federal District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson said that an example should be set for other public officials, and said that Mr. Barry had "given aid, comfort, and encouragement to drug culture at large."

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (8-8) 15 @ Toronto (9-7) 59

Darrell K. Smith caught 7 passes for 212 yards and 3 touchdowns, each from a different quarterback, in a game in which the Argos got stronger as it went along. Matt Dunigan started at quarterback for Toronto and completed a 28-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Smith in the 1st quarter. He then rushed twice for 1-yard touchdowns in the 2nd quarter before reinjuring his left hamstring. John Congemi relieved him and handed off to Paul Nastasiuk for a 2-yard touchdown in the 3rd quarter and then passed 10 yards to Mr. Smith for a touchdown with 4:05 remaining in the game. Willie Gillus then entered the game and lit up the scoreboard with a 1-yard touchdown rush at 12:22; a 35-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Smith just 15 seconds later, after a turnover on the kickoff; and a 65-yard touchdown pass to Mike "Pinball" Clemons with 47 seconds remaining. The late splurge amounted to 4 touchdowns in a span of 3 minutes and 18 seconds. Lance Chomyc added 8 converts and a field goal. Mr. Smith’s touchdowns gave him 19 on pass receptions for the season, breaking the record of 18 set by Brian Kelly of the Edmonton Eskimos in 1984. Mr. Clemons’ touchdown gave him a league record of 2,913 combined (rushing, receiving, kick return) yardage for the season, breaking the record of 2,896 of Rufus Crawford of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in 1984. The Argos led 21-0 at halftime and 28-0 in the 3rd quarter before Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin connected with Ray Elgaard for an 11-yard touchdown, converted by Dave Ridgway. Mr. Chomyc’s 10-yard field goal with 3 seconds remaining in the quarter made the score 31-7, and Mr. Austin completed a 12-yard pass to Mr. Elgaard for a touchdown 3:40 into the 4th quarter, followed by a 2-point convert pass to Mr. Elgaard. A crowd announced at 40,029 attended the game at SkyDome.

Baseball
World Series
Cincinnati Reds 2 @ Oakland Athletics 1 (Cincinnati won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Reds manufactured 2 runs in the top of the 8th inning to defeat the Athletics before 48,613 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum to win their first World Series in 14 years. Cincinnati starting pitcher Jose Rijo gave up a run in the 1st inning and then retired the next 20 batters he faced. Dave Stewart went the distance in taking his second loss of the Series despite giving up just 7 hits. Trailing 1-0 in the 8th inning, the Reds loaded the bases with none out. Glenn Braggs drove in the tying run with a ground ball, and then Hal Morris drove in the winning run with a sacrifice fly. Mr. Rijo earned his second win of the Series, and Randy Myers retired the last 2 batters to get the save. The Athletics got just 2 hits.



Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 5 @ Yomiuri Giants 0 (Seibu led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Boombastic--Shaggy

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boombastic--Shaggy (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour, on PBS

This evening's program marked the last for Robert MacNeil as co-anchor, on the 20th anniversary of the first program of what is now the PBS NewsHour.

Died on this date
John Tonkin, 93
. Australian politician. "Honest John," a member of the Labour Party, represented North-East Fremantle (1933-1950) and Melville (1950-1977) for a record total of 44 years in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. He held several cabinet posts, and was elected party leader in 1967, becoming Leader of the Opposition. Mr. Tonkin led Labour to electoral victory in 1971, and served as Premier of Western Australia until 1974, when Labour lost power in the state election. Mr. Tonkin resigned as W.A. Labour Party leader in 1976, and retired from politics in 1977.

Christopher Stone, 53. U.S. actor. Mr. Stone, born Thomas Edward Bourassa, played Dr. "Pooch" Hardin in the television series The Interns (1970-1971), before appearing with his wife Dee Wallace Stone in movies such as The Howling (1981) and Cujo (1983). He died of a heart attack 16 days after his 53rd birthday.

Crime
In Chicago, Cook County Circuit Court Judge Michael Toomin sentenced stable owner Ken Hansen, 62, to three sentences of 200-300 years each for the October 16, 1955 murders of Bobby Peterson, 13; Tony Schuessler, 13; and John Schuessler, 11. The story of the murders and trial was told in the book Shattered Sense of Innocence: The 1955 Murders of Three Chicago Children by Richard C. Lindberg and Gloria Jean Sykes (2006).

Economics and finance
Ontario Social Services Minister David Tsubouchi, overseeing cuts to the province's welfare system, published a welfare diet shopping list that included pasta without sauce, bread without butter, and 69-cent-per-can tuna.

Football
CFL
Memphis (9-8) 28 @ Toronto (3-14) 10

Gary Anderson rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Damon Allen connected with Joe Horn for a 22-yard TD as the Mad Dogs took a 17-0 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Argonauts before 14,122 fans at SkyDome. Al Shipman rushed 18 yards for the final Memphis touchdown in the 3rd quarter. Mike "Pinball" Clemons rushed 1 yard for the Toronto touchdown late in the game.

20 years ago
2000


Terrorism
In U.S. District Court in New York City, Ali A. Mohamed, a former sergeant in the United States Army, pleaded guilty to five charges in connection with terrorist bombings in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on the same day in 1998, that had killed more than 220 people. The bombings included that of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi. Mr. Mohamed said that he had trained bodyguards for Osama bin Laden in Sudan and had then scouted potential bombing targets in Nairobi. He told Judge Leonard Sand that he had shown a photograph that he had taken of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi to Mr. bin Laden, who had then pointed to where a truck laden with explosives could approach the building. Mr. Mohamed told the court that the purpose of the bombings was to encourage Western nations "just to pull out from the Middle East."

Defense
Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate George W. Bush, through an aide, said that if elected he would inform NATO that U.S. troops would no longer participate in peacekeeping in Bosnia and Kosovo.

World events
Human rights activist James Mawdsley was released from prison in Burma after serving 415 days in solitary confinement.

Scandal
Royal Canadian Mounted Police in Vancouver charged former British Columbia Premier Glen Clark with two criminal offenses, including breach of trust, in connection with a neighbour's casino licence application.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (8-8-0-2) 24 @ Winnipeg (6-9-1-1) 27

Troy Westwood’s 20-yard field goal with 24 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Blue Bombers the victory before 25,582 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The Blue Bombers led 24-3 after 3 quarters, but the Tiger-Cats struck back with 3 converted touchdowns to tie the game with 2:47 remaining. Winnipeg quarterback Khari Jones threw 2 touchdown passes to Robert Gordon and 1 to Milt Stegall in the first half, all converted by Mr. Westwood, to offset a Paul Osbaldiston field goal. Mr. Westwood added a field goal for the only scoring of the 3rd quarter. The Tiger-Cats then came back in the 4th quarter with touchdowns on a 2-yard rush by Jarrett Smith; a 15-yard interception return by Rob Hitchcock; and a 22-yard pass from Danny McManus to Andrew Grigg--all converted by Mr. Osbaldiston. Mr. Gordon caught 7 passes for 165 yards, including one for 36 yards to set up the winning field goal. Mr. Stegall caught 5 for 87. Winnipeg’s Cory Philpot led all rushers with 88 yards on 16 carries.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Bob Guccione, 79
. U.S. publisher. Mr. Guccione manageed a chain of laundromats and worked as a cartoonist before founding Penthouse magazine in 1965 as a competitor to Playboy. Penthouse contained more explicit photographs than Playboy, but concentrated its reporting on government scandals and the art world. A series of bad investments and the growth of online pornography, which helped to make print pornography obsolete, led Mr. Guccione to declare bankruptcy in 2003. He died of lung cancer.

Willi Besmanoff, 78. German-born U.S. boxer. Mr. Besmanoff was interned in the Buchenwald concentration camp at the age of 11 until his mother changed his religion from Jewish to Protestant. He moved to Milwaukee in the 1950s and became an American citizen. Mr. Besmanoff, a heavyweight, began his professional career in 1952; he fought almost eclusively in Germany through 1956 and then almost exclusively in the United States, retiring in 1967 with a record of 51-34-8. He fought many of the top boxers of his time, including Sonny Liston, Archie Moore, George Chuvalo, Zora Folley, Eddie Machen, Roy Harris, Willie Pastrano and Bob Foster. Mr. Besmanoff operated several bakeries after his boxing career, and died 16 days after his 78th birthday.

Farooq Leghari, 70. 8th President of Pakistan, 1993-1997. Mr. Leghari was a civil servant before joining the Pakistan People's Party, winning election as a Senator in 1977. He served as Minister of Water and Power in the cabinet of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (1988-1990), and was Deputy Leader of the Opposition under Ms. Bhutto (1990-1993). When she returned to power, Mr. Leghari served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from October-November 1993, and was elected President in a vote of the electoral college. He initially supported Ms. Bhutto's policies, but the two eventually had their differences, and Mr. Leghari used the constitution to dismiss Ms. Bhutto's government in 1996. Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was returned to power in 1997, and Mr. Leghari resigned in December 1997 before he could be impeached. He founded the Millat Party, which joined a coalition to form the National Alliance, which entered into another coalition with the Pakistan Muslim League (PMLQ), and was successful in forming a government in 2002. Mr. Leghari joined the PMLQ in 2004 and supported his son Awais as a cabinet member. Mr. Leghari died after a long battle with heart disease.

W. Cary Edwards, 66. U.S. politician. Mr. Edwards, a Republican, represented the 40th District in the New Jersey General Assembly (1978-1982), and was N.J. Attorney General (1986-1989). He unsuccessfully campaigned for the Republican Party candidacy for Governor of New Jersey in 1989 and 1993. Mr. Edwards died of cancer.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Texas 2 @ New York 7 (Texas led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 2nd inning, and Nick Swisher and Robinson Cano hit consecutive home runs leading off the 3rd to give them a 5-0 lead as they beat the Rangers before 49,832 fans at Yankee Stadium.



National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 5 @ San Francisco 6 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Aubrey Huff singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, advanced to third base on a single by Buster Posey, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Juan Uribe to give the Giants their win over the Phillies, completing a comeback from a 4-2 deficit before 43,515 fans at AT&T Park.



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