Monday, 19 October 2020

October 19, 2020

275 years ago
1745


Died on this date
Jonathan Swift, 77
. U.K. writer. Very Rev. Swift, a native of Dublin, was an Anglican cleric who was appointed Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dubin in 1713. He has been described as "a Whig in politics and a Tory in religion." Dean Swift was a satirist, essayist, and poet who remains best known for his satires Gulliver's Travels (1726) and A Modest Proposal (1729). He suffered from severe physical and mental problems from the late 1730s until his death.

210 years ago
1810


Born on this date
Cassius Marcellus Clay
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Clay was a planter from Kentucky who opposed slavery. He served three terms in the Kentucky House of Representatives (1835-1841), and survived an assassination attempt in 1843. Mr. Clay was a founder of the Republican Party in Kentucky in the mid-1850s; he campaigned unsuccessfully for the Republican U.S. vice presidential nomination 1860, but supported the presidential bid of Abraham Lincoln. When Mr. Lincoln took office as President in 1861, he appointed Mr. Clay as United States Ambassador to Russia. Mr. Clay interrupted his diplomatic duties in 1862 to serve as a major general in the Union Army during the Civil War, and returned to his amassadorial post in 1863. He was instrumental in securing Russian support for the Union, and in negotiations for America's purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867. Mr. Clay left the Republican Party in 1869, helped to organize the Liberal Republican Party in 1872, and supported Democratic Party presidential candidates in the elections of 1876 and 1880 before returning to the Republicans in 1884. He died of "general exhaustion" on July 22, 1903 at the age of 92.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Lewis Mumford
. U.S. sociologist and historian. Mr. Mumford was best known for his studies of cities and urban architecture. His books included The City in History (1961) and The Myth of the Machine (2 volumes, 1967; 1970). Mr. Mumford died on January 26, 1990 at the age of 94.

Football
CRU
ORFU
Second Round (First games of 2-game, total points series)
University of Toronto 16 @ Hamilton 2
Queen's College 15 @ Osgoode Hall 15

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Roy Worters
. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Worters played with the Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets of the United States Amateur Hockey Association (1923-25), leading them to championships in both seasons. He played in the National Hockey League with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1925-28); New York Americans (1928-37); and one game with the Montreal Canadiens (1930), compiling a record of 171-229-83 with a goals against average of 2.27 and 66 shutouts in 484 regular season games, and 3-6-2 with a 2.09 GAA and 3 shutouts in 11 playoff games. Mr. Worters won the Hart Memorial Trophy as the NHL's Most Valuable Player in his first season with the Americans, when he was 16-12-10 with a 1.15 GAA and 13 shutouts, becoming the first goalie to record shutouts in each of his first 2 games with a new team. He won the Vezina Trophy for leading to the Americans to the league's fewest goals allowed in 1930-31, and was named a Second Team All-Star in 1931-32 and 1933-34; had there been All-Star teams prior to the 1930-31 season, he undoubtedly would have been selected. Mr. Worters was at 5' 3", the shortest player in NHL history, and never had the luxury of playing with good teams, or his statistics would have been much better. He retired after a hernia operation in 1937, and died of throat cancer on November 7, 1957, 19 days after his 57th birthday. Mr. Worters was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1969.

Science
Max Planck discovered Planck's law of black-body radiation.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, 84
. Indian astrophysicist. Dr. Chandrasekhar was awarded a share of the 1983 Nobel Prize in physics "for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars." He died on August 21, 1995 at the age of 84.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this age
LaWanda Page
. U.S. comedienne and actress. Miss Page, born Alberta Peal, had a career as a standup comedienne, which included an association with Redd Foxx. The association continued when Mr. Foxx became the star of the television comedy series Sanford and Son; she played Aunt Esther in that program (1973-1977) and its short-lived sequel, Sanford Arms (1977). Miss Page co-starred in the comedy series Detective School (1979). She died from complications of diabetes on September 14, 2002 at the age of 81.

Peter Aduja. Philippine-born U.S. politician. Mr. Aduja moved to Hawaii with his family at the age of 8. A Republican, Mr. Aduja was a member of the Hawaiian Territorial House of Representatives (1954-1956) and the 23rd District of the Hawaiian State House of Representatives (1966-1974), becoming the first Filipino native to be elected to public office in Hawaii and the United States. He died while on vacation in Las Vegas on February 19, 2007 at the age of 86.

Harry Alan Towers. U.K. radio, television, and film producer and writer. Mr. Towers produced and wrote syndicated radio series such as The Lives of Harry Lime and The Black Museum in the 1950s, and then moved into television, pioneering made-for-television movies and producing series such as Armchair Theatre for the British network ITV. Mr. Towers began producing and writing screenplays for movies in the 1960s. Many of his films were based on the works of Sax Rohmer--including five Fu Manchu movies--and Agatha Christie. He produced three different screen versions of And Then There Were None, each set in a different locale. Mr. Towers became involved in scandal in 1961 when he and girlfriend Mariella Novotny were charged with operating a vice ring from a New York hotel. Mr. Towers jumped bail and returned to Europe, while Miss Novotny claimed that he was operating as a Soviet agent, providing compromising information on various individuals to the U.S.S.R. Mr. Towers settled in Toronto in 1973 and became a Canadian citizen; the charges against him in the United States were dropped in 1980 after he paid a fine for jumping bail. Mr. Towers died on July 31, 2009 at the age of 88.

90 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
Frankford (2-7) 0 @ New York (5-1) 53
Brooklyn (4-1-1) 14 @ Newark (1-8-1) 0
Staten Island (2-3-1) 6 @ Providence (4-1) 7
Chicago Bears (2-2-1) 32 @ Chicago Cardinals (1-4-2) 6
Green Bay (5-0) 13 @ Minneapolis (1-2-1) 0

80 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra

On the radio



War
The Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Bras d'Or foundered due to icing conditions in the early morning while keeping the Romanian freighter Ingener N. Vlassopol under surveillance in the Gulf of St Lawrence. Her last known position was 40 20N - 063 50W, near Anticosti Island, Québec; the entire ship's company of 30 men were lost.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Toronto (2-1) 6 @ Ottawa (3-0) 41
Montreal (1-2) 9 @ Hamilton (0-3) 4

75 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Plutarco Elías Calles, 68
. 40th President of Mexico, 1924-1928. Mr. Calles was aligned with the Labourist Party when he was elected President after running a populist campaign. He initially governed in accord with his campaign promises, but the last two years of his presidency were marked by violent anti-Catholic rule. Mr. Calles founded the Partido de la Revolución Mexicana (Party of the Mexican Revolution, or PRM) in 1929, which eventually became the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

N. C. Wyeth, 62. U.S. artist. Mr. Wyeth created 3,000 paintings, but was best known for illustrating 112 books. He and his grandson were killed when the car Mr. Wyeth was driving was struck by a train, three days before his 63rd birthday.

Diplomacy
The Canadian Parliament unanimously ratified Canada's signing of the United Nations charter and establishment under UN auspices of an International Court of Justice at The Hague.

World events
An army revolt in Venezuela ousted President Isaias Medina Angarita; a seven-man junta was named to rule the country.

70 years ago
1950


Died on this date
Edna St. Vincent Millay, 58
. U.S. poet and playwright. Miss Millay won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1923. She was known fo her sonnets, but also wrote five verse dramas. Miss Millay died of a heart attack and falling down stairs.

War
The two-week Battle of Chamdo in Tibet ended in victory by Communist Chinese troops over the Tibetan Army.

The Battle of Pyongyang ended in a United Nations victory over North Korean forces; hours later, the Chinese Army began crossing the border into Korea.



Economics and finance
Iran became the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.

Football
NFL
Green Bay (2-4) 17 @ New York Yanks (5-1) 35

60 years ago
1960


Died on this date
George Wallace, 65
. Australian comedian. Mr. Wallace was one of Australia's most popular performers, with a career on stage, screen, and radio spanning almost 40 years, peaking in the 1930s. He appeared in trademark baggy trousers, checkered shirt and felt hat, playing a working-class character. Mr. Wallace died of chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

Economics and finance
The United States imposed a partial embargo on goods exported to Cuba.

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): The Lovers of the World (男の世界)--Jerry Wallace

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lázaro Cárdenas del Río, 75
. 44th President of Mexico, 1934-1940. General Cárdenas served in the Constitutionalist Army during the Mexican Revolution and was president of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) (1930-1931) and Governor of Michoacán (1928-1932). As President, he pursued agrarian reforms, and nationalized the oil industry in 1938, creating the government oil company Pemex. Gen. Cárdenas created the Partido de la Revolución Mexicana (PRM) in 1938 and incorporated the army into the party structure as a way of preventing coups d'état. He set a precedent by refusing to keep any political power after leaving the presidency in 1940, but served as Mexico's Minister of War (1942-1945). Gen. Cárdenas died of cancer.

Terrorism
Less than two days after the body of Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte had been discovered after his murder by FLQ terrorists, the Canadian House of Commons voted 190-16 to support Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau’s imposition of the War Measures Act and mobilization of troops in the streets of Montreal. Police in Montreal discovered the FLQ hideout where Québec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte was hidden, and then murdered.

Diplomacy
Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu addressed the United Nations.

Oil
British Petroleum announced that it had struck oil in the North Sea.

Football
NFL
Washington (2-3) 20 @ Oakland (2-2-1) 34

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Upside Down--Diana Ross (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Upside Down--Diana Ross (7th week at #1)

Labour
After 17 years of feuding, the J.P. Stevens Company and Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union announced a collective bargaining agreement for 10 plants.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton (1-3-1) 4 @ New York Rangers 2

Dave Semenko played the greatest game of his career, scoring 3 goals for his only career hat trick and assisting on the Oilers’ other goal by Wayne Gretzky. Mr. Gretzky assisted on all of Mr. Semenko’s goals, and goalie Ron Low stopped 33 shots to get the win before a Madison Square Garden crowd of 17,423.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (7-6-1) 25 @ Toronto (5-9) 24
Edmonton (12-2) 29 @ Saskatchewan (2-13) 28
Winnipeg (9-5) 28 @ Calgary (7-7) 31

Bernie Ruoff kicked a 54-yard single on a missed field goal for the winning point with less than 2 minutes remaining as the Tiger-Cats edged the Argonauts before an Exhibition Stadium crowd of 34,150. Mr. Ruoff added another single on a missed field goal, and was successful on 3 field goals and 2 converts. The first Hamilton touchdown came on a 57-yard rushing play when quarterback Dave Marler gained 22 yards and fumbled, and fullback John McCorquindale recovered and ran the remaining 35 yards for the score. Mr. Marler completed a 45-yard pass to John Holland for the other Tiger-Cats’ touchdown. Billy Hardee scored the first Toronto touchdown on a 37-yard punt return, and Mark Jackson completed a 4-yard pass to Dave Newman for the other Argonaut major score. Zenon Andrusyshyn added 2 converts, 3 field goals, and a single on a missed field goal. The Argonauts were robbed of a touchdown on a play on which offensive lineman John Foubert had lined up as an eligible receiver. The Argonauts were penalized for having an ineligible receiver, but the league admitted afterward that the call had been incorrect because Mr. Foubert had reported to the official on the field in compliance with the rule.

Dave Cutler’s single on a missed 28-yard field goal with 4:36 remaining in the game proved to be the winning point as the Eskimos clinched first place in the Western Football Conference. The team with the wind had the advantage; the Eskimos had it in the 1st quarter and built a 13-0 lead on field goals of 49 and 30 yards by Mr. Cutler sandwiched around a 4-yard touchdown run by Jim Germany, converted by Mr. Cutler. The Roughriders had the wind in the 2nd quarter and hit the score board on field goals of 13 and 57 yards by Bob Macoritti and a 19-yard touchdown pass from Joe Barnes to Emanuel Tolbert with 1:09 remaining until halftime, converted by Mr. Macoritti. The Saskatchewan advantage was immediately erased when Emilio Fraietta returned the kickoff 96 yards to set up a 15-yard touchdown pass from Warren Moon to Tom Scott at 14:17, converted by Mr. Cutler. Field goals of 48 and 45 yards and 2 singles by Mr. Macoritti preceded a 32-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Barnes to Joey Walters with 1:04 remaining in the 3rd quarter to give the Roughriders a 28-21 lead. The Eskimos had the wind at their backs in the final quarter but didn’t take advantage of it until Tom Wilkinson completed a pass to Ernest Pough for 65 yards, setting up a 14-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Scott, converted by Mr. Cutler at 7:53 to tie the game. The Roughriders marched to the Eskimo 33-yard line in the final minutes, but a 40-yard field goal attempt by Mr. Macoritti into the wind with 55 seconds remaining was short, and Hank Ilesic punted the Eskimos out of trouble. The Roughriders outplayed the Eskimos on offense, amassing 368 yards net offense to the Eskimos’ 294. Lester Brown led Saskatchewan with 73 yards rushing on 18 carries, while Mr. Barnes carried 8 times for 42 yards. Jim Germany led the Eskimos with 111 yards on 19 carries. Mr. Walters led the Roughriders with 78 yards on 4 pass receptions, and Mr. Tolbert caught 5 for 70. Mr. Scott led the Eskimos with 75 yards on 5 receptions, while Mr. Pough caught 2 for 71. Mr. Barnes completed 18 of 35 passes for 275 yards. Mr. Moon completed just 5 of 16 for 67 yards and Mr. Wilkinson completed just 2 of 5 for 79. Former Washington Redskin Danny Buggs had a terrible game in his second start as a n Eskimo, dropping both passes thrown his way, both of which should have been touchdowns. 23,744 were in attendance at Taylor Field in Regina.

Rookie receiver Ron Robinson scored on passes of 95 and 6 yards from quarterback Ken Johnson, while teammate Willie Armstead caught a 16-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Johnson and James Sykes rushed 4 yards for a touchdown as the Stampeders ended the Blue Bombers’ 8-game winning streak before 31,441 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mike McTague added 4 converts and 3 singles to complete the Calgary scoring. Mr. McTague, kicking in relief of injured J.T. Hay, kicked singles of 75 yards on a kickoff, 59 yards on a punt, and 55 on a missed field goal. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock completed touchdown passes of 4 and 10 yards to William Miller and 10 yards to Eugene Goodlow. Dan Huclack scored the Blue Bombers’ other touchdown on a 3-yard rush. Trevor Kennerd added 4 converts.

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Phillies 4 @ Kansas City Royals 3 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Mike Schmidt hit his 2nd home run of the World Series--with a runner on base in the top of the 4th inning--and scored the tying run in the top of the 9th as the Phillies defeated the Royals 4-3 at Royals Stadium. The Royals led 3-2 after 8 innings, but Philadelphia pinch hitter Del Unser doubled home Mr. Schmidt to tie the game and scored on a single by Manny Trillo. The Royals loaded the bases against Tug McGraw in the bottom of the 9th, but Jose Cardenal struck out to end the game. Mr. McGraw pitched 3 innings to get the win, while Mr. Quisenberry took his second loss of the series. Marty Bystrom made his first start of the Series and left after 5 innings with a 2-1 lead. Kansas City starter Larry Gura left after 6.1 innings with a 3-2 lead.



30 years ago
1990


At the movies
Dances with Wolves, directed by and starring Kevin Costner, received its premiere screening at the Uptown Theater in Washington, D.C. The projector broke down twice.



Oil
The Iraqi government announced that it would introduce gasoline rationing because of a lack of chemicals needed to refine oil.

Economics and finance
The Soviet Duma voted 333-12, with 34 abstentions, to approve President Mikhail Gorbachev’s plan for economic reform, which included selling state property to private individuals; lifting of price controls; and the transfer of many economic decisions to the 15 Soviet republics.

Baseball
World Series
Cincinnati Reds 8 @ Oakland Athletics 3 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven seies 3-0)

Chris Sabo hit a solo home run in the 2nd inning and hit a 2-run homer as part of a 7-run 3rd inning as the Reds defeated the Athletics before 48,269 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Tom Browning (1-0) started on the mound for the Reds and pitched 6 innings to get the win. Mike Moore (0-1) started for Oakland and was pulled after 2.2 innings. Oakland manager Tony LaRussa waited far too long to remove Mr. Moore when it was apparent that his starter was getting shelled. Harold Baines hit a 2-run home run for the Athletics in the 2nd inning and Rickey Henderson hit a solo home run for the Athletics in the 3rd. All the scoring took place in the first 3 innings.



25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Lucky Love--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Don Cherry, 58
. U.S. musician. Mr. Cherry was a jazz trumpeter who had a career of more than 40 years. He was a pioneer of world fusion in the 1960s and '70s, and had a long association with saxophonist Ornette Coleman, beginning in the late 1950s. Mr. Cherry died of liver cancer, 30 days before his 59th birthday.

Business
Hong Kong financier Richard Li took control of Gordon Capital Corporation, ending a 16-month internal management struggle at the Toronto securities firm.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (12-5) 45 @ Birmingham (10-7) 18
Shreveport (5-13) 26 @ San Antonio (11-6) 35

Gary Wilkerson intercepted a pass by Jimmy Klingler and returned it 54 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Glenn Rogers, Jr. intercepted a pass from Mr. Klingler and returned it 65 yards for a TD later in the quarter as the Eskimos routed the Barracudas before 8,910 fans at Legion Field in the last CFL game ever played in Birmingham. Edmonton quarterback Kerwin Bell threw touchdown passes to Jim Sandusky and Nick Mazzoli, and Brian Walling rushed 4 yards for the final Edmonton touchdown. Keith Woodside scored both Birmingham touchdowns, on a 52-yard pass from Matt Dunigan in the 1st quarter and a 6-yard pass from Kelvin Simmons in the 4th quarter. Mr. Dunigan suffered an injury that kept him out of action for the rest of the season.

David Archer completed touchdown passes to Billy Hess, Mark Stock, and David Gamble to lead the Texans over the Pirates before 14,437 fans at Independence Stadium. Tony Burse rushed 1 yard for the other San Antonio TD. Shreveport quarterback Billy Joe Tolliver rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and threw touchdown passes to Curtis Mayfield and Norman Bradford. Mr. Bradford's TD, from 30 yards late in the 4th quarter, was the last one the Pirates ever scored, as this was the last game in the franchise's two-year history.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Tom Bosley, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bosley had a career on stage, screen, and television spanning more than 50 years. He was best known for his work in television, playing Howard Cunningham in the comedy series Happy Days (1974-1984) and starring as the title character in Father Dowling Mysteries (1989-1991). Mr. Bosley won a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical for his performance as the title character in Fiorello! (1959). He was battling lung cancer when he died from complications of a staph infection.

Education
The Quebec National Assembly passed Bill 115 after more than 20 hours of an emergency debate, setting out who qualified to attend English-language public school.

Law
Canadian Privacy Commissioner Jennifer Stoddart said that Google had broken Canadian privacy laws when it accidentally collected personal information from unsecured wireless networks while putting together its Street View mapping service.

Baseball
National League Championship Series

Philadelphia 0 @ San Francisco 3 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 2-1)


American League Championship Series
Texas 10 @ New York 3 (Texas led best-of-seven series 3-1)



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