Thursday, 22 October 2020

October 22, 2020

290 years ago
1730


Transportation
Construction of the Ladoga Canal was completed in Russia.

230 years ago
1790


War
Warriors of the Miami people under Chief Little Turtle defeated United States troops under General Josiah Harmar in the Northwest Indian War, at the site of present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana.

170 years ago
1850


Born on this date
Charles Kingston
. Australian politician. Mr. Kingston, a radical Liberal, was Premier of South Australia from 1893-1899 and then entered federal politics as a member of the Protectionist Party, representing South Australia from 1901-1903 and Adelaide from 1903-1908. He was Australia's Minister for Trade and Customs from 1901-1903. Mr. Kingston died of a stroke on May 11, 1908 at the age of 57.

150 years ago
1870


Born on this date
Alfred Douglas
. U.K. author and poet. Lord Douglas was best known as the friend and lover of playwright Oscar Wilde in the 1890s, resulting in Mr. Wilde's imprisonment. He died on March 20, 1945 at the age of 74.

Ivan Bunin. Russian author and poet. Mr. Bunin was known for works such as the short novels The Village (1910) and Dry Valley (1912), and the autobiographical novel The Life of Arseniev (1933/1939). He fled Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution, and lived in France from 1920 until his death on November 8, 1953, 17 days after his 83rd birthday. Mr. Bunin was awarded the 1933 Nobel Prize in Literature "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing."

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Johnny Morrison
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Morrison played with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1920-1927) and Brooklyn Robins, compiling a record of 103-80 with an earned run average of 3.65 in 297 games. His best season was 1923, when he was 25-13 with a 3.49 ERA. Mr. Morrison was a member of the Pirates' World Series championship team in 1925. He died on March 20, 1966 at the age of 70.

Disasters
The Granville-Paris express train, with 131 passengers, derailed after overrunning the buffer stop at its Gare Montparnasse terminus, crossing almost 100 feet (30 metres) of concourse before crashing through a wall, falling 33 feet (10 metres) to the road below, and standing on its nose. Marie-Augustine Aguilard, standing on the street below, was killed by falling masonry, and six people were injured.

110 years ago
1910


Crime
Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen, the first felon to be arrested with the help of radio, was convicted in London of poisoning his wife Cora nine months earlier.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Hamilton (2-1) 7 @ Ottawa (1-2) 17
Montreal (2-1) 15 @ Toronto (1-2) 16

ORFU
Toronto Amateur Athletic Club (2-1) 18 @ St. Michael’s College (2-1) 9
(Toronto) Parkdale Canoe Club (0-3) 7 @ Dundas (2-1) 10

Canadian university
Toronto (3-0) 8 @ McGill (1-2) 1
Ottawa (0-3) 2 @ Queen’s (2-1) 25

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Athletics 3 @ Chicago Cubs 4 (10 innings) (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Frank Chance drove in the tying run with a triple in the bottom of the 9th inning, and in the bottom of the 10th, Jimmy Archer doubled and scored on a single by Jimmy Sheckard with 2 out to give the Cubs the win over the Athletics before 19,150 fans at West Side Park. King Cole started on the mound for the Cubs and left after 8 innings with his team trailing 3-2. Three Finger Brown (1-1) relieved and got the win. Chief Bender (1-1) pitched a 10-hit complete game for Philadelphia and took the loss.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Timothy Leary
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Leary was a lecturer in clinical psychology at Harvard University when he began experimenting with psychedelic drugs, and urged their use in altering behaviour and reaching a higher state of consciousness. He was fired from Harvard in 1963--ostensibly for failing to deliver required lectures--and became one of the major figures of the 1960s counterculture. Dr. Leary was famous for uttering the slogan, "Turn on, tune in, drop out." He spent several years in prison, and then resumed his career as an advocate of psychedelic drugs. In later years, Dr. Leary was an avowed pagan, and advocated human colonization of space. He died of prostate cancer on May 31, 1996 at the age of 75, and was cremated, after initially indicating interest in having his body cryogenically preserved.

90 years ago
1930


Football
Canadian university
British Columbia (1-0) 16 @ Alberta (0-1) 1

Gavin Dirom rushed for touchdowns in the 1st and 2nd quarters and Jack Walmsley rushed for another TD late in the game for UBC in their win over U of A at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. UBC made 18 first downs to U of A's 5.

NFL
Chicago Bears (2-3-1) 6 @ Portsmouth (4-1-1) 7

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
The Royal Canadian Navy River Class Destroyer HMCS Margaree lost in the North Atlantic, after a collision with the freighter Port Fairy, while escorting the five ship convoy OL.8; lost were 142 of her ship's company, many of whom were survivors of the sinking of HMCS Fraser on June 25, 1940.

Politics and government
After evading French and Spanish authorities, Belgian Prime Minister Hubert Pierlot arrived in London, marking the beginning of the Belgian government in exile.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (5th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
3 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
4 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
5 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
6 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
7 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
8 Gotta Be This or That--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
9 Hong Kong Blues--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 I'm Gonna Love that Gal (Like She’s Never Been Loved Before)--Perry Como

Singles entering the chart were Chickery Chick by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra with Nancy Norman, Billy Williams and the Kaye Choir (#22); It Might as Well Be Spring by Dick Haymes (#36); How Deep is the Ocean (How High is the Sky) by Dick Haymes (#41); Just a Blue Serge Suit by Paul Weston and his Orchestra (#42); and Thoughtless by the Ink Spots (#43). Chickery Chick was the B-side of I'll Be Walkin' with My Honey (Soon, Soon, Soon ), charting at #27.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Great Gandolfo

Law
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King introduced the Canadian Citizenship Bill in the House of Commons, abolishing the terms "Canadian national" or "British subject" as the legal terms for non-aliens in Canada.

70 years ago
1950


Football
CRU
IRFU
Hamilton (5-5) 13 @ Montreal (5-5) 16

16,687 attended the game at Royals Stadium.

ORFU
Sarnia (4-3) 7 @ Toronto (5-2) 24

2,000 fans attended the game at Maple Leaf Stadium. The teams donated the receipts to the mother of Jack Bell, backup quarterback for the Imperials, who had died on October 17, three days after suffering a fractured dislocation of the neck while attempting to tackle Carl Galbreath of Balmy Beach.

NFL
Cleveland (4-2) 13 @ New York Giants (4-2) 17
Chicago Cardinals (2-3) 38 @ Washington (1-5) 28
Philadelphia (5-1) 17 @ Pittsburgh (2-5) 10
Detroit (3-4) 27 @ San Francisco (2-5) 28
Baltimore (0-6) 27 @ Los Angeles (5-2) 70

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Schiff wird kommen--Lale Andersen

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Only the Lonely (Know How I Feel)--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters (2nd week at #1)
2 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
3 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
4 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
5 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne
6 The Twist--Chubby Checker
7 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
8 Kiddio--Brook Benton
9 Don't Be Cruel--Bill Black's Combo
10 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman

Singles entering the chart were The Hucklebuck (#66)/Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On (#72) by Chubby Checker; New Orleans by U.S. Bonds (#81); Lonely Teenager by Dion (#92); Rambling by the Ramblers (#93); The Dark at the Top of the Stairs, with versions by Ernie Freeman; and Percy Faith and his Orchestra (#98); and Gonzo by James Booker (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson (3rd week at #1)
2 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
3 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
4 Blue Angel--Roy Orbison
5 Wait for Me--The Playmates
6 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
7 Tonights the Night--The Shirelles
8 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
9 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
10 Brontosaurus Stomp--The Piltdown Men

Singles entering the chart were And the Heavens Cried by Ronnie Savoy (#30); A Thousand Stars by Kathy Young with the Innocents (#33); Stay by Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs (#38); Old Time Religion by Jack Scott (#42); Shoppin' Around (LP) by Elvis Presley (#44); Isn't it Amazing by the Crests (#46); Alone at Last by Jackie Wilson (#48); Theme from The Sundowners by Felix Slatkin (#49); and Oliver Cool by Oliver Cool (#50).

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Champagne Lady

Football
CFL
EFC
Toronto (9-4) 1 @ Ottawa (9-4) 38
Montreal (5-8) 30 @ Hamilton (3-10) 22

WIFU
Edmonton (10-6) 13 @ Saskatchewan (1-11-2) 11
Calgary (6-8-2) 22 @ British Columbia (4-9-2) 10

19,199 were in attendance at Lansdowne Park to see the Roughriders whip the Argonauts.

The Alouettes’ win at Civic Stadium clinched third place for them in the IRFU and eliminated the Tiger-Cats from playoff contention for the first time since the Tigers and Wildcats had merged to form the Tiger-Cats prior to the 1950 season.

Johnny Bright’s short touchdown run in the last minute of the game enabled the Eskimos to avoid ending their regular season with a 5-game losing streak. Jackie Parker scored the first Edmonton touchdown, but missed the converts on both touchdowns. Vic Chapman scored the other Edmonton point on a punt single. 6,600 were in attendance at Taylor Field in Regina.

Most of the 29,599 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver went home disappointed when the Stampeders won their fourth straight game to end their regular season and clinch third place in the WIFU, eliminating the Lions from playoff contention.

ORFU
Sarnia (3-7) 0 @ London (6-4) 32

This game at Labatt Park was the last ORFU senior game for the Golden Bears, and marked the last regular season game for the Ontario Rugby Football Union, which had begun play in 1883.

Canadian university
Western Ontario (2-2) 0 @ Queen's (3-1) 36
McGill (2-2) 37 Toronto (1-3) 17
Saskatchewan (0-2) 0 @ Alberta (3-0) 19

Bruce Bryson passed 16 yards to Bob Merner for the first touchdown and Garry Smith completed a pair of TD passes to Bert Carron as the Golden Bears shut out the Huskies before 2,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton to clinch the Western Canada championship.

50 years ago
1970


World events
The Chilean government declared a state of emergency and imposed a form of martial law on Santiago after General Rene Schneider Chereau, commander in chief of the army, was seriously wounded in an attempted assassination.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon and U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko met at the White House in what both later described as positive talks. No specific progress was disclosed on any of the topics discussed, including the Middle East, China, and Berlin.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): So Hard--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (7th week at #1)

Society
U.S. President George Bush vetoed a civil rights bill that he said would have forced businesses to adopt quotas in hiring and promotion.

Environment
The Royal Geographical Society unveiled evidence that the region around the Aral Sea in Central Asia was the world's worst ecological disaster.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Senate passed a bill, introduced by the federal government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, overhauling the Unemployment Insurance Fund, with employers and workers to shoulder the entire cost.

Business
Zellers, a division of Hudson's Bay Company, acquired 51 Towers-Bonimart discount stores in eastern Canada for an estimated $150 million.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Fantasy--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Wanna Be a Hippy--Technohead (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: You are Not Alone--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mary Wickes, 85
. U.S. actress. Miss Wickes, born Mary Wickenhauser, was known for her comedic character roles in movies and television programs from the 1940s through the 1980s.

Kingsley Amis, 73. U.K. writer. Mr. Amis was known for his comic novels, beginning with Lucky Jim (1954), as well as for works of social and literary criticism.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (6-11) 15 @ Calgary (15-2) 18

Mark McLoughlin's sixth field goal of the game--a 24-yard kick with 39 seconds remaining in regulation time--gave the Stampeders their win over the Roughriders before 33,258 fans on a cold Sunday afternoon at McMahon Stadium. In a game without a touchdown, Mr. McLoughlin was successful on 6 of 8 field goal attempts, while Saskatchewan kicker Paul McCallum was 5 for 5.

Baseball
World Series
Cleveland Indians 3 @ Atlanta Braves 4 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Javy Lopez's 2-run home run off Dennis Martinez with 1 out in the bottom of the 6th inning broke a 2-2 tie as the Braves edged the Indians before 51,877 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Eddie Murray's 2-run homer off Tom Glavine in the 2nd inning had given Cleveland a 2-0 lead, but the Braves had tied the game with 2 runs in the 3rd.



Nippon Series
Yakult Swallows 3 @ Orix BlueWave 2 (Yakult led best-of-seven series 2-0)

20 years ago
2000


Politics and government
A presidential election was held in Ivory Coast, but the government stopped the counting of votes after tallies showed the country’s military ruler, General Robert Guei, trailing opposition candidate Laurent Gbagbo.

Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien obtained a dissolution of Parliament from Governor General Adrienne Clarkson and called a federal election for November 27.

Diplomacy
At the first meeting of the Arab League in four years, leaders of 21 of 22 nations (the Libyan representative walked out) declared that they would cease all but formal diplomatic contact with Israel until further headway toward peace with the Palestinians was achieved. They denounced what they called Israeli atrocities during the past weeks, and called on the United Nations to create a war crimes tribunal. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak declared a formal "time-out" from the peace effort, acknowledging the hiatus that essentially had existed since the eruption of violence nearly a month earlier.

Football
CFL
Montreal (12-4) 39 @ Saskatchewan (4-11-1) 22
British Columbia (6-10-0-1) 38 @ Calgary (11-4-1) 45

Anthony Calvillo completed 19 of 25 passes for 230 yards and touchdowns to Thomas Haskins, Jock Climie, and Kevin Alexander to lead the Alouettes over the Roughriders before 27,138 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Pringle rushed 25 times for 145 yards and a touchdown. His major score gave him 19 rushing touchdowns for the season, a CFL record. Davis Sanchez also scored a Montreal touchdown, on a 50-yard interception return. Curtis Marsh, who led all receivers with 9 receptions for 175 yards, scored both of Saskatchewan’s touchdowns, recovering a fumble by quarterback Henry Burris and taking it in from the Montreal 1-yard line for the first Roughrider touchdown, and catching a 7-yard pass from backup quarterback Marvin Graves for the other. Mr. Graves entered the game in the 4th quarter when Mr. Burris injured a shoulder. The win clinched first place in the East Division for the Alouettes for the second straight year.



Kelvin Anderson rushed 24 times for 147 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Stampeders held on to defeat the Lions before a McMahon Stadium crowd of 33,890. The other 3 Calgary touchdowns came on passes from Dave Dickenson--1 to Vince Danielsen and 2 to Travis Moore. B.C. quarterback Damon Allen completed 22 of 34 passes for 407 yards and touchdowns to Alfred Jackson and Jimmy Oliver. Mr. Allen’s 19-yard completion to Mr. Oliver in the 2nd quarter made him the second CFL quarterback, after Ron Lancaster, to accumulate 50,000 career yards passing. Robert Drummond rushed for 2 B.C. touchdowns and Sean Millington rushed 36 yards for the other. The winning margin came on a 16-yard pass from Mr. Dickenson to Mr. Moore with 1:24 remaining in regulation time. The Lions struck back with a 1-yard touchdown run by Mr. Drummond with 38 seconds remaining. Mr. Moore led all receivers with 161 yards on 6 receptions; Mr. Oliver led the Lions with 5 catches for 136 yards.

NFL
Denver (4-4) 21 @ Cincinnati (1-6) 32

Corey Dillon of the Bengals rushed for 278 yards, breaking the single-game record of 275 that had been set by Walter Payton of the Chicago Bears in 1977.



Baseball
World Series
New York Mets 5 @ New York Yankees 6 (Yankees led best-of-seven series 2-0)

The Yankees scored 3 runs in the first 2 innings, extended the lead to 6-0 over the Mets, and withstood a 5-run rally in the 9th inning to hold on for the win before 56,069 fans at Yankee Stadium. The game was interrupted by a bench-clearing incident in the top of the 1st inning when a pitch from Mr. Clemens shattered the bat of Mike Piazza, and Mr. Clemens threw the large end of the broken bat toward Mr. Piazza.



Nippon Series
Fukuoka Daiei Hawks 8 @ Yomiuri Giants 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Howard Strickland, 57
. U.S. football player. Mr. Strickland was a running back at the University of California who was drafted in the 10th round of the 1974 National Football League draft by the Los Angeles Rams. He was traded in mid-season to the San Diego Chargers, but didn't see action with either team. In 1975, Mr. Strickland played for the Philadelphia Bell of the World Football League, rushing 25 times for 100 yards (4.0 average), catching 4 passes for 38 yards (9.8 average), and returning 11 kickoffs for 366 yards (33.3 average), with his only touchdown coming on an 82-yard kickoff return. He was a late cut of the Green Bay Packers in 1976, and joined the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League in time for the playoffs. Mr. Strickland rushed for 71 yards in the Eskimos' Western semi-final win over the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, with a run of 21 yards that was the team's longest rush of the season. He had less success in the Eskimos' 23-13 loss to the Saskatchewan Roughriders in the Western final, dropping 4 passes on a bitterly cold day. Mr. Strickland began the 1977 season at slotback, moving to running back in mid-season. He played all 16 regular season games, rushing 63 times for 220 yards (3.5 average) with 2 touchdowns; caught 34 passes for 502 yards (14.8 average), leading the team in touchdown receptions with 4; returned 25 punts for 102 yards (4.1 average); and returned 20 kickoffs for 359 yards (18.0 average). Mr. Strickland played in the Eskimos' Western Final win over the British Columbia Lions and in the 41-6 loss to the Montreal Alouettes in the Grey Cup, leading the team with 8 carries for 39 yards and catching 1 pass for 4 yards. He was cut from the team after the pre-season of 1978, and left football after a brief tryout with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. Mr. Strickland eventually settled in Albuquerque, where he drove a bus for many years.

Environment
Syncrude Canada was ordered to pay a total of $3 million in penalties for causing the deaths of 1,600 ducks at the company's Aurora waste pond in northern Alberta in April 2008.

Football
CFL
Montreal (11-5) 3 @ Hamilton (9-7) 40



British Columbia (6-10) 36 @ Calgary (11-5) 31



CIS
Calgary (5-2) 35 @ Regina (5-2) 27

Erik Glavic passed for 275 yards and Matt Walter rushed for 158 yards to help the Dinos defeat the Rams at Mosaic Stadium. Calgary outrushed Regina 250-54. Calgary kicker Aaron Ifield was successful on all 4 of his field goal attempts, giving him a Canada West career record of 69.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
New York 1 @ Texas 6 (Texas won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Vladimir Guerrero doubled home Mitch Moreland and Josh Hamilton, and Nelson Cruz followed with a home run as the Rangers scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 5th inning to break a 1-1 tie as they defeated the Yankees before 51,404 fans at the Ballpark in Arlington to win the first pennant in the franchise's 50-year history. Colby Lewis (2-0) allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings to get the win over Phil Hughes (0-2).



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