Wednesday, 9 September 2020

September 10, 2020

450 years ago

Spanish Jesuit missionaries landed in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Bob Heffron
. N.Z.-born Australian politician. Mr. Heffron, a member of the Labour Party, held various offices, and was Premier of New South Wales from 1959-1964. He died on July 27, 1978 at the age of 87.

100 years ago

Died on this date
Olive Thomas, 25
. U.S. model and actress. Miss Thomas, born Oliva Duffy, modelled for illustrations, and performed with the Ziegfeld Follies before becoming a movie actress in 1916. She married actor Jack Pickford--brother of Mary Pickford--in 1916, and the couple were known for their partying lifestyle. Miss Thomas's movies included Love's Prisoner (1919); The Flapper (1920); and Everybody's Sweetheart (1920). She and Mr. Pickford were vacationing in Paris when she died four days after ingesting mercury bichloride, which had apparently been prescribed for Mr. Pickford for treatment of sores caused by syphilis. Many rumours surrounded her death, but Mr. Pickford insisted her death was accidental. Everybody's Sweetheart was released 24 days after her death.

Babe Ruth hit his 48th home run of the season--a 2-run blow--to help the New York Yankees defeat the Cleveland Indians 6-1 before 22,000 fans at Dunn Field in Cleveland to move to within ½ game of the Indians and the Chicago White Sox in the American League pennant race. Bob Shawkey (17-11) pitched a 6-hit complete game to win over Ray Caldwell (18-9). Joe Sewell played his first major league game at shortstop for the Indians, replacing the injured Harry Lunte, who had in turn replaced Ray Chapman, who had died on August 17, the day after being hit in the head by a pitch from the Yankees’ Carl Mays. Mr. Sewell entered the game as a pinch hitter in the 5th inning as a pinch hitter and remained in the game, batting 0 for 2 and making 1 putout and 1 error.

Zach Wheat scored on an infield single by Hi Myers with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to climax a 4-run rally as the Brooklyn Robins beat the St. Louis Cardinals 9-8 before 6,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The Cardinals scored 3 runs in the top of the 11th to break a 5-5 tie. Jeff Pfeffer (14-9), the third Brooklyn pitcher, got the win despite allowing 5 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 2 innings.

80 years ago

On the radio

German planes dropped bombs on London for 8 hours 24 minutes, causing heavy damage to St. Paul's Cathedral and the Old Bailey.

Politics and government
U.S. National Youth Foundation Chairman Gene Tunney announced the creation of a Young Voter's Exchange, designed to bring out an estimated 9 million first-time voters in the November 1940 elections.

Physicist Albert Einstein, in a paper read before a conference of scientists, philosophers, and religious leaders in New York City, urged the development of a religion of good and the abandonment of a "personal God."

Economics and finance
The Swedish government concluded trade agreements with Nazi-controlled Belgium and the Netherlands.

75 years ago

Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers with Paul Weston and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
2 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
3 Till the End of Time--Perry Como with Russ Case and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
4 Gotta Be This or That--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
6 Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Orchestra (vocal chorus by Doris Day)
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
--The Merry Macs
7 Bell Bottom Trousers--Tony Pastor and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima and his Orchestra
--Jerry Colonna
8 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
9 There! I've Said it Again--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (vocal refrain by Vaughn Monroe and the Norton Sisters)
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 You Belong to My Heart--Bing Crosby and Xavier Cugat and his Orchestra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra

The only single entering the chart was Homesick - That's All by Frank Sinatra (#36).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Colonel Warburton's Madness

At the movies
The House on 92nd Street, starring William Eythe, Lloyd Nolan, and Signe Hasso, opened in theatres.

A tribunal of the Norwegian Superior Court found former Minister President Vidkun Quisling guilty of treason, and sentenced him to death.

U.S. President Harry Truman presented General Jonathan Wainwright with the Congressional Medal of Honor for "intrepid and determined leadership" of U.S. troops in the Philippines and later in prisoner of war camps.

Politics and government
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered Emperor Hirohito to abolish the Imperial General Headquarters and established censorship over Japanese radio and press.

Farmer Lloyd Olsen of Fruita, Colorado decapitated a chicken, but he missed the jugular vein, leaving one ear and most of the brain stem intact. The headless chicken, named Mike, lived for another 18 months.

Economics and finance
Bolivia and the U.S. Foreign Economic Administration reached an agreement for U.S. purchase of tin through 1946.

Montgomery Ward Chairman Sewell Avery protested to U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson that the Army's contiuned occupation of company property was illegal.

70 years ago

World events
Turkey closed its Bulgarian frontier in order to halt an influx of political refugees.

Kurdish nationalists in Paris charged that recent unrest in Iran arose from government attempts to appropriate much of the Kurdish harvest, collect high taxes, and enforce an old royal decree giving the Shah title to the lands of the Javanrudi Kurds.

Former U.S. Representative J. Parnell Thomas was freed on parole from federal prison after serving 8½ months of a 6-18 month sentence for congressional payroll padding.

The Guatemalan government banned the Communist weekly newspaper Octubre on grounds that it violated a law prohibiting "international or foreign" political organizations.

Economics and finance
U.S. Commerce Secretary Charles Sawyer established a National Production Authority, headed by International Telephone & Telegraph President William Henry Harrison, to handle the priorities, allocations, and inventory controls assigned to the Commerce Department.

The U.S. Commerce Department imposed export controls on 39 classifications of iron and steel mill products going to all foreign countries except Canada.

Joe DiMaggio became the first player to hit 3 home runs in a game at Griffith Stadium in Washington, adding a double, scoring 4 runs, and driving in 4 as he led the New York Yankees to an 8-1 win over the Nationals in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,354 fans. Vic Raschi (19-8) allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 7 inning to get the win over Sid Hudson (12-13). The Nationals were leading 6-2 in the 4th inning of the second game when rain washed it out.

Pinch hitter Tom Wright doubled home 3 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning and scored on a single by Dom DiMaggio as the Boston Red Sox scored 4 runs to break a 2-2 tie as they defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 6-2 before 22,147 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Chuck Stobbs (11-6) allowed 4 hits and 2 earned run in 8 innings to get the win over Hank Wyse (7-13), who allowed 9 hits and 6 earned runs in a complete game.

Hoot Evers tripled to lead off the top of the 12th inning and Johnny Groth followed with a run-scoring single for the game's only run as the Detroit Tigers edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,946 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Gus Zernial singled to lead off the bottom of the 12th and reached third base with 2 out, but pinch hitter Luke Appling struck out to end the game. Hal Newhouser (14-9) pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Harry Gumpert (5-10), who allowed 9 hits in a complete game. The White Sox withstood a 3-run 9th-inning rally to win the second game 5-4. Ray Scarborough (13-15) pitched a 10-hit complete game to get the win over Ray Herbert (1-2). The results left the Tigers in first place, ½ game ahead of the second-place Yankees and 1 game ahead of the third-place Red Sox in the American League pennant race.

Pinch hitter Hal Rice singled home Peanuts Lowrey from second base with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 6-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of a doubleheader before 12,436 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Cardinals had scored 4 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game, with Stan Musial's 3-run home run the big blow. Ray Mueller drove in 4 runs with an outfield fly and a 3-run homer to help the Pirates win the second game 6-2. Bill Macdonald (8-7) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

Al Lien pitched a 17-inning 10-hitter for the San Francisco Seals as they edged the Hollywood Stars 1-0 in the first game of a Pacific Coast League doubleheader at Seals Stadium. Rookie catcher singled home Jackie Tobin from third base with 1 out in the bottom of the 17th inning to end the game. The Stars won the second game 4-2.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Clap Your Hands--The Beau-Marks (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il nostro concerto--Umberto Bindi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Kalkutta liegt am Ganges--Vico Torriani (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Apache--The Shadows (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Twist--Chubby Checker
2 It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley
3 Walk--Don’t Run--The Ventures
4 Volare--Bobby Rydell
5 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
6 Finger Poppin’ Time--Hank Ballard and the Midnighters
7 Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini--Brian Hyland
8 Dreamin’--Johnny Burnette
9 Kiddio--Brook Benton
10 Theme from The Apartment--Ferrante and Teicher with their Orchestra & Chorus

Singles entering the chart were Let's Think About Living by Bob Luman (#88); Save the Last Dance for Me by the Drifters (#92); Just Call Me (And I'll Understand) by Lloyd Price and his Orchestra (#93); Irresistable You by Bobby Peterson (#96); Don't Be Cruel by Bill Black's Combo (#97); Tonight's the Night by the Shirelles (#99); La Bamba by the Carlos Brothers (#100); Alvin for President by David Seville and the Chipmunks (also #100); and You Talk Too Much by Joe Jones (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
2 Let's Have a Party--Wanda Jackson
3 Storm Clouds--Buddy Knox
4 Run Samson Run--Neil Sedaka
5 Robot Man--Jamie Horton
6 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
7 Come Back to Me--Mark Dinning
8 Cool Water--Jack Scott
9 Stranger from Durango--Richie Allen
10 A Million to One--Jimmy Charles and the Reveletts

Singles entering the chart were Blue Angel by Roy Orbison (#32); You Talk Too Much by Joe Jones (#38); Don't You Just Know It by the Fendermen (#41); Three Nights a Week by Fats Domino (#42); Twistin' U.S.A. by Danny and the Juniors (#44); Mommy Out de Light by Mickey and Sylvia (#46); Journey of Love by the Crests (#47); Blue Velvet by the Statues (#48); Ta Ta by Clyde McPhatter (#49); and Temptation by Roger Williams (#50).

Died on this date
Edith Nourse Rogers, 79
. U.S. politician. Mrs. Rogers, a Republican, was the wife of U.S. Congressman John Jacob Rogers, and after his death in 1925, won a special election for his seat, and represented Massachusetts' 5th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1925 until her death in office. She was known for her advocacy for military veterans, and served two terms as chairman of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee (1947-1949, 1953-1955).

Politics and government
About 20 Quebec separatists gathered at an inn in Morin Heights to found the Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale (Rally for National Independence) (RIN). André d'Allemagne was named president of the movement, with Marcel Chaput as vice president.

Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia won the marathon at the Summer Olympic Games in Rome while running barefoot over the cobblestones of the Appian Way, becoming the first sub-Saharan African to win a gold medal.

Calgary (1-5-1) 10 @ Edmonton (5-2) 41

Jackie Parker led the Eskimos with a touchdown, 3 converts, 2 field goals, and a single. Johnny Bright scored 2 Edmonton touchdowns, with Normie Kwong and Jim Letcavits scoring the others. Cowboy Woodruff added a convert before a Clarke Stadium crowd of 17,993.

Port Huron-Detroit (1-2) 18 @ London (1-1) 15

Dallas (0-1) 20 @ Los Angeles (1-0) 21

17,724 fans saw the Chargers edge the Texans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in the first American Football League game ever televised (on ABC). It was the first football telecast produced by Roone Arledge, and the first TV football broadcast for Charlie Jones as play-by-play voice.

Mickey Mantle hit a 3-run home run off Paul Foytack that was later measured at 643 feet to help the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 5-1 before 10,815 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit to move ½ game ahead of the second-place Baltimore Orioles in the American League pennant race. Mr. Mantle’s home run cleared the right field roof and landed in the Brooks Lumber Yard, across Trumbull Avenue. Bob Turley (8-3) pitched a 4-hitter to win the matchup against Mr. Foytack (2-11).

Jim Landis led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a home run to give the Chicago White Sox a 3-2 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 20,546 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Vic Power singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning, advanced to third base on a single by Joe Morgan, and scored on a sacrifice fly by pinch hitter Bob Hale to break a 4-4 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the Washington Senators 5-4 before 4,432 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Mr. Morgan batted 3 for 4 with a home run, double,and 2 runs. Frank Funk (3-0) allowed 1 hit in 4 scoreless innings of relief to get the win.

The Boston Red Sox scored 2 runs in the 5th inning and 3 in the 6th as they beat the Kansas City Athletics 7-4 before 10,871 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. The Athletics scored all their runs with 2 out in the 9th and had the potential tying run at bat, but Mike Fornieles relieved starting pitcher Ike Delock (8-8) and retired Russ Snyder on a ground ball to first base to end the game.

Hank Aaron and Eddie Mathews each hit 3-run home runs and relief pitcher Carlton Willey added a solo home run to help the Milwaukee Braves defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 10-8 before 20,484 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Duke Snider hit a 2-run homer as a pinch hitter for the Dodgers in the 6th.

50 years ago

The U.S.A., U.K., West Germany, Switzerland, and Israel rejected as unacceptable the unspecified demands of the Palestinian guerrillas holding three planes full of hostages in the Jordanian desert. Acting through the International Committee of the Red Cross, the five nations sent a set of counter-proposals as the guerrillas’ new deadline for an agreement neared.

Politics and government
Speaking in Springfield, Illinois at the start of a six-state campaign swing for Republican party U.S. Senatorial and Congressional candidates, U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew described liberal Congressional Democrats as "troglodytic leftists" and radical liberals, condensed to "radlibs." He accused them of "whimpering isolationism" in foreign policy, "mulish obstructionism" in domestic policy, and "pusillanimous pussyfooting" on law and order.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (Hot Press): The Winner Takes it All--ABBA

Bill Gullickson (8-4) set a record for strikeouts in a 9-inning game by a rookie with 18, pitching a 4-hit complete game for the Montreal Expos as they defeated the Chicago Cubs 4-2 before 17,874 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The win kept the Expos ½ game ahead of the Philadelphia Phillies in the National League East Division pennant race.

Marty Bystrom (1-0), in his second major league game and first start, pitched a 5-hitter, and singled and score the game's final run in the 9th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies shut out the New York Mets 5-0 before 6,748 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Phillies scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning off losing pitcher Mark Bomback (9-7).

Jose Cruz hit a solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Houston Astros a 6-5 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 37,632 fans at the Astrodome to move into a tie with the Dodgers for the lead in the National League West Division, with 13 games remaining for both teams. Each team scored 2 runs in the 11th.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Tahroja paperilla--Eppu Normaali

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega

West Germany and the U.S.S.R. agreed on principle on maintenance and repatriation of Soviet forces in East Germany. West Germany agreed to spend $8.2 billion to build 36,000 houses in the Soviet Union; cover continued cost of soldiers still stationed in East Germany; transport the soldiers home; and retrain them.

Four factions fighting for control of Cambodia agreed to accept a United Nations proposal to end their civil war. Meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia, they appointed a 12-member Supreme National Council that would run Cambodia until free elections could be held under UN supervision. The government named six members to the council, two each from the three rebel groups.

The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire, the largest church in Africa, was consecrated by Pope John Paul II.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): You are Not Alone--Michael Jackson

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wish You were Here--Rednex (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wish You were Here--Rednex (9th week at #1)

At the movies
Angels & Insects, starring Mark Rylance, Kristin Scott Thomas, and Patsy Kensit, received its premiere screening at the Toronto International Film Festival.

The Grass Harp, directed by Chris Matthau and co-starring his father Walter, also received its premiere screening at TIFF.

Mark O'Meara defeated Bob Lohr in a playoff to win the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey Golf Course in Oakville, Ontario. The two finished with 4-round 10-under-par total scores of 274. First prize money was $234,000.

Auto racing
Gil de Ferran led 54 of 84 laps and won the Toyota Grand Prix of Monterey at Laguna Seca Raceway in Monterey, California. Paul Tracy finished second and Mauricio Gugelmin third. Jacques Villeneuve was 11th, but became the first Canadian to win the Championship Auto Racing Teams championship, picking up 3 points in the 17th and last race of the season.

Shreveport (4-8) 21 @ Memphis (6-6) 22
Saskatchewan (3-8) 24 @ Winnipeg (4-7) 25

Bjorn Nittmo's 59-yard field goal attempt on the last play of regulation time was wide for a single point, enabling the Mad Dogs to edge the Pirates before 10,198 fans at Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium. Shreveport led 17-6 in the 3rd quarter before Steve Bates blocked a Robbie Keen punt, and Danton Barto recovered in the Shreveport end zone for the only Memphis touchdown of the game. Nick Mystrom converted and kicked his third, fourth, and fifth field goals of the game to give Memphis the lead. Norman Bradford scored the only Shreveport touchdown on an 11-yard rush in the 2nd quarter.

Troy Westwood's 27-yard field goal late in the 4th quarter gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Roughriders before 24,698 fans at Winnipeg Stadium in a game in which all the scoring was done by the team with the favouring wind. Mr. Westwood scored the only touchdown of his 17-year CFL career in the 1st quarter on a 12-yard rush after taking a pitchout from holder Bob Cameron on a fake field goal attempt. The Blue Bombers led 15-0 after the 1st quarter, but the Roughriders came back with 24 straight points in the next 2 quarters, with Tom Burgess completing touchdown passes of 28 and 14 yards to Don Narcisse. Winnipeg quarterback Kevin McDougal climaxed a 98-yard drive with a 9-yard TD run in the 4th quarter. After Mr. Westwood's field goal gave Winnipeg the lead, Mr. Burgess fumbled, and Winnipeg defensive end Len Johnson recovered to end Saskatchewan's hopes.

20 years ago

The Emmy Awards for 1999-2000 were presented at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. The drama series The West Wing led with five major awards, and four more technical awards.

The musical Cats closed at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York after 7,485 performances over nearly 18 years as the longest-running show in Broadway history.

One British paratrooper was killed an 11 injured in a mission to rescue six hostages being held in by a rebel group in the jungle in Sierra Leone. The mission, Operation Barras, was successful, and the hostages were safe aboard a Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship moored in Freetown.

World events
The Palestinian Central Council voted not to make a unilateral declaration of statehood on September 13, a date that had been set as a deadline for reaching a final agreement with Israel.

French drivers of trucks, taxis, buses, and boats who were tying up traffic to protest the high cost of gasoline accepted the government's offer to cut the gas tax and provide a partial reimbursement for fuel they had purchased. In Britain, a truckers' blockade targeted major oil refineries.

U.S. Vice President and Democratic Party presidential candidate Al Gore and vice presidential candidate Joe Lieberman said that they would regulate the way the entertainment industry marketed violent films, music, and video games to children.

Tiger Woods won the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey Golf Course in Oakville, Ontario with a 22-under-par total score of 266, 1 stroke ahead of Grant Waite. First prize money was $594,000.

Marat Safin won the men’s singles title at the U.S. Open Championships, defeating Pete Sampras 6-4, 6-3, 6-3 in the final at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows, New York.

Indiana University fired longtime men’s basketball head coach Bobby Knight. University President Myles Brand said that Mr. Knight, who had coached the Hoosiers to 3 national titles, 11 Big Ten titles, and a record of 661-239, had been dismissed because of a pattern of "uncivil, defiant, and unacceptable" behaviour since May, when he had been warned because of previous incidents.

Hamilton (7-3-0-1) 15 @ Montreal (7-3) 9

The Tiger-Cats stopped Mike Pringle on 3 straight rushing plays from the Hamilton 1-yard line in the 2nd quarter, and the Alouettes never did score a touchdown for the 19,461 fans at Molson Stadium. The game’s only touchdown came in the 3rd quarter on a 75-yard pass from Danny McManus to Archie Amerson. Anthony Calvillo started at quarterback for Montreal, but strained a hamstring and was replaced after the first half by Stanley Jackson, who completed just 9 of 24 passes for 131 yards. Mr. Pringle carried 20 times for 90 yards.

Randy Johnson struck out Mike Lowell in the 4th inning for his 3,000th career major league strikeout and struck out 14 in 7 innings, but his Arizona Diamondbacks lost 4-3 to the Florida Marlins in 12 innings before 13,117 fans at Pro Player Stadium in Miami. Mr. Johnson’s first strikeout of the game was his 300th of the season, the third year in a row he’d accomplished the feat. Mark Kotsay led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a bunt single, advanced to second on a sacrifice bunt, and scored the winning run from there on a 2-out single by Preston Wilson.

10 years ago

Calgary (9-1) 36 @ Edmonton (2-8) 20

British Columbia (1-1) 31 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 12
Regina (1-1) 21 @ Calgary (1-1) 24

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