Monday, 28 September 2020

September 28, 2020

1,025 years ago

World events
The forces of Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia and the confederate Vršovci clan stormed Libice Castle in southern Bohemia and massacred the members of the rival Slavník dynasty that were found there, ensuring the unity of Bohemia under a single ruler.

125 years ago

Died on this date
Louis Pasteur, 72
. French chemist and microbiologist. Professor Pasteur was known for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization, the latter of which was named in his honour. His discoveries provided direct support for the germ theory of disease and disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. Prof. Pasteur died after a period of failing health.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Wenceslao Vinzons
. Filipino politician. Mr. Vinzons co-founded the Young Philippines Party in the mid-1930s, deidcated to obtaining Philippine indepenence from American rule. He was a member of the Philippine Constitutional Convention from Camarines Norte (1934-1935) and Governor of Camarines Norte (1940-1941) before representing Camarines Norte in the Philippine House of Representatives from 1941 until his death. Mr. Vinzons led guerrilla forces against occupying Japanese troops, but was betrayed, and was bayoneted to death on July 15, 1942 at the age of 31. He became known as the "Father of Student Activism in the Philippines."

Diosdado Macapagal. President of the Philippines, 1961-1965; Vice President of the Philippines, 1957-1961. Mr. Macapagal, a membe of the Liberal Party, represented Pampanga's 1st District in the Philippine House of Representatives (1949-1957) before serving as Vice President and President. He was known for his efforts to suppress graft and corruption. Mr. Macapagal was President ot he Philippine Constitutional Convention (1971-1973). He died of heart failure, pneumonia, and renal complications on April 21, 1997 at the age of 86.

100 years ago

Seven present members and one former member of the Chicago White Sox were indicted on charges of complicity in a conspiracy with gamblers to fix the outcome of the 1919 World Series. The seven current players were immediately suspended from the team, with 3 games remaining in the season and the White Sox still having a chance to catch the Cleveland Indians for the American League pennant.

The Cleveland Indians moved 1 game ahead of the idle Chicago White Sox and 3½ games ahead of the New York Yankees in the American League pennant race with a 9-5 win over the St. Louis Browns before 15,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, as Jim Bagby (30-11) pitched a 10-hit complete game victory and batted 2 for 4 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

90 years ago

New York (2-0) 27 @ Providence (0-1) 7
Frankford (2-1) 0 @ Staten Island (2-1) 21
Chicago Bears (0-1-1) 0 @ Green Bay (2-0) 7
Chicago Cardinals (0-1-1) 7 @ Minneapolis (0-0-1) 7

20-year-old Dizzy Dean (1-0) made his major league debut, pitching a 3-hitter for the St. Louis Cardinals as they defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-1 before 22,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Mr. Dean also had a bunt single and stole home plate. The Cardinals finished the season with 1,004 runs, joining that year’s New York Yankees as the only major league teams to accomplish the feat in the 20th century. Larry French (17-18) pitched a 5-hit complete game loss.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 9 runs in the top of the 2nd inning to take a 9-0 lead, but the Chicago Cubs came back to win 13-11 before 22,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago, scoring 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to complete the comeback. Chicago center fielder Hack Wilson batted 2 for 3 with 2 bases on balls, a run, and 2 runs batted in, finishing the season with 191 RBIs, which remains the major league record.

Doc Marshall led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a base on balls, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt, and scored from there on a 2-out single by Freddy Leach to give the New York Giants a 7-6 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 10,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants had tied the score with 2 runs in the 9th. Carl Hubbell (17-12), the fifth New York pitcher, pitched 2 perfect innings and got the win.

Babe Ruth (1-0) pitched an 11-hit complete game for the New York Yankees as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 9-3 before 12,000 fans at Braves Field in Boston. Lou Gehrig ended his streak of 885 consecutive games at first base when he took Mr. Ruth’s place in left field, batting 3 for 5 to finish at .379, just behind the .381 mark of Al Simmons of the Philadelphia Athletics. Harry Rice played first base for New York, batting 3 for 4 with a sacrifice, triple, 2 runs, and 2 RBIs. The Yankees finished the season with a total of 1,062 runs scored. It was the final game for Bob Shawkey as manager of the Yankees; he had managed the team to a third-place finish in the American League with a record of 86-68, 16 games behind the pennant-winning Athletics, and was fired after the season in favour of former Chicago Cubs’ manager Joe McCarthy.

Goose Goslin of the St. Louis Browns hit a home run in each game as the Browns split a doubleheader with the Cleveland Indians before 6,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland, winning the first game 11-5 and losing the second game 15-5. Rollie Stiles (3-6) pitched a 14-hit complete game in the opener, while Milt Shoffner (3-4) took the loss despite hitting his first major league home run. Cleveland catcher Glenn Myatt batted 4 for 4 in the second game with a sacrifice, run, and 3 runs batted in, while Mel Harder (11-10) pitched a 12-hit complete game victory and batted in 4 runs, 3 on a bases-loaded triple in the 8-run 5th inning. The teams combined for 63 hits in the 2 games.

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Never Smile Again--Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra (vocal refrain by Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers) (10th week at #1)

On the radio

New York (1-1-1) 20 @ Philadelphia (0-3) 14

The Boston Red Sox amassed 19 hits in whipping the Philadelphia Athletics 16-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 3,200 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Ted Williams batted 4 for 4 with a double, 4 runs, and 2 runs batted in for Boston, while Dom DiMaggio was 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 runs, and 4 RBIs. Winning pitcher Joe Heving pitched an 8-hit complete game, and losing pitcher Chubby Dean also pitched a complete game despite allowing 19 hits and 14 earned runs. Charlie Gelbert played third base for the Red Sox in the 9th inning in the 876th and last game of his 10-year major league career. Lou Finney batted 3 for 5 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 RBIs as the Red Sox won the second game 8-1 to complete the sweep, with Jack Wilson pitching a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ed Heusser, who allowed 10 hits and 7 earned runs in pitching a complete game. The second game was played in 1 hour 37 minutes. Joe Gantenbein entered the second game as a pinch hitter in the 2nd inning and played the rest of the game at first base for Philadelphia, batting 0 for 3 in the 186th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

75 years ago

The Calgary Bronks changed their name to the Calgary Stampeders.

70 years ago

At the movies
The Glass Menagerie, directed by Irving Rapper, and starring Kirk Douglas, Jane Wyman, Gertrude Lawrence, and Arthur Kennedy, received its premiere screening in New York City.

U.S. troops completed the conquest of Seoul from the North Koreans.

The United Nations General Assembly unanimously approved the admission of Indonesia as the UN's 60th member.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman appointed investment banker Robert Lovett as deputy Defense Secretary, and appointed National Labor Relations Board associate general counsel George Bott as general counsel.

Economics and finance
U.S. spokesmen told the Inter-American Economic and Social Council that Latin America would get $12 million or about one-third of the first congressional appropriation for Point Four technical advisory aid to backward countries.

The U.S. Agriculture Department reported that price supports were making American wheat too expensive to compete in Far Eastern markets.

Sal Maglie (18-4) and Sheldon Jones (13-16) were the respective winning pitchers as the New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 3-1 and 3-1 before 7,984 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Ken Heintzelman (3-9) and Robin Roberts (19-11) were the respective losing pitchers.

The Brooklyn Dodgers split a doubleheader with the Boston Braves before 4,533 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The Dodgers won the opener 6-5 and the Braves won the second game 8-4; the results left the Dodgers 3 games behind the National League-leading Phillies, with 3 games remaining for the Phillies and 4 for the Dodgers.

Pat Mullin drew a base on balls to lead off the bottom of the 12th inning and came around to score when third baseman Don Lenhardt made a throwing error on a sacrifice bunt by Hoot Evers, giving the Detroit Tigers a 4-3 win over the St. Louis Browns before 3,814 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, averting elimination in the American League pennant race. The Tigers tied the score in the bottom of the 9th inning on a solo home run by pinch hitter Aaron Robinson.

Phil Rizzuto singled home Cliff Mapes and scored on a single by Yogi Berra in the top of the 10th inning as the New York Yankees broke a 6-6 tie and defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 8-6 before 2,273 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, clinching at least a tie for the American League pennant. Mr. Rizzuto batted 4 for 6 with a triple, 3 runs, and 2 RBIs.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Jess Orndorff, 79
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Orndorff was a catcher with the Boston Doves (1907), batting .118 (2 for 17) with no home runs or runs batted in in 5 games. He played at least 356 games in 8 seasons in the minor leagues (1904-1917). Mr. Orndorff was head instructor at the National Baseball School in Los Angeles in the 1930s, and wrote the booklet The Fundamentals of How to Play Baseball (1936).

Danny Mahoney, 72. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Mahoney made 1 appearance as a pinch runner with the Cincinnati Reds on May 15, 1911. He played at least 102 games in at least 3 seasons in the minor leagues (1911-1914). Mr. Mahoney died 22 days after his 72nd birthday.

Joe Martin, 49. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Martin was a third baseman with the New York Giants (1936) and Chicago White Sox (1938), batting .267 (4 for 15) with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 8 games. He hit .305 with at least 95 home runs in 956 games in 11 seasons in the minor leagues (1933-1944).

The "Seaway Skyway" bridge from Prescott, Ontario to Ogdensburg, New York opened.

Canadian university-Canadian junior
University of Alberta (1-2) 0 Edmonton Huskies 19

Ron Kachman's 50-yard touchdown rush 3:22 in the game provided the necessary scoring for the Huskies as they embarrassed the Golden Bears before 1,300 fans at Clarke Stadium. John Acheson threw a 7-yard touchdown pass to Alex Opalinski and rushed 2 yards for a touchdown of his own as the Huskies scored all their points in the 1st half. Dunc Harvey converted Mr. Acheson's TD.

Only 10,454 fans were on hand at Fenway Park in Boston to see Ted Williams hit a home run off Jack Fisher in the 8th inning and the Red Sox score 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th to edge the Baltimore Orioles 5-4. For The Splendid Splinter, his 29th home run of the season and 521st of his major league career came in his last plate appearance. He trotted out to left field in the top of the 9th, but was immediately replaced by Carroll Hardy, and departed to a standing ovation.

Mickey Mantle hit his 39th and 40th home runs of the season to lead the New York Yankees to a 6-3 win over the Washington Senators before 5,519 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Whitey Ford (12-9) was the winning pitcher over Chuck Stobbs (12-7).

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): In the Summertime--The Mixtures (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Tegami--Saori Yuki (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Cóndor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: The Odyssey of Flight 33

I haven't heard this broadcast, but I assume it's an adaptation of the episode of the same name, which originally aired in 1961, from the U.S. television series The Twilight Zone

Died on this date
John Dos Passos, 74
. U.S. author. Mr. Dos Passos was best known for his U.S.A. trilogy of novels: The 42nd Parallel (1930); 1919 (1932); and The Big Money (1936). Socialism and pacifism influenced his early work, but his political views moved rightward after the late 1930s. He was also an artist, providing the cover paintings for his books.

Gamal Abdel Nasser, 52. President of Egypt, 1954-1970. Mr. Nasser was an officer and chief organizer in the military coup that toppled King Faisal from the Egyptian throne in 1952, but installed General Mohammed Naguib as a figurehead president. Mr. Nasser took power himself in 1954, and turned Egypt into a military dictatorship under his control. He embarked on economic reforms and public works projects such as the Aswan High Dam. Egypt’s decisions to accept arms from the U.S.S.R. and to nationalize the Suez Canal alarmed the U.S.A. and U.K., precipitating the Suez crisis of 1956, in which an Anglo-French force swept into Egypt and achieved great success before being called back in the wake of disapproval from the United States. In February 1958, Egypt and Syria combined to form the United Arab Republic, which broke up just over 3½ years later when Syria abandoned the union because Egypt appeared to benefit from the UAR more than Syria. The Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt in June 1967 was another military disaster for Egypt, but Mr. Nasser retained his popularity. He was a charismatic figure who seemed to symbolize the aspirations of Arab peoples. On September 27, 1970 Mr. Nasser achieved a diplomatic success when he convened a meeting in Cairo of Arab nations that produced an end to the Jordanian civil war between King Hussein's troops and Palestinian guerrillas (led by a man hitherto unknown to the west, Yasser Arafat) that had begun 10 days earlier. Mr. Nasser, a diabetic who had suffered a heart attack in late 1969 which had been kept secret, suffered another heart attack, this one fatal. He was succeeded as President by Anwar Sadat.

West Germany and the U.S.S.R. signed an agreement in Moscow calling for scientific cooperation between the countries.

The Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada issued its report.

Kansas City (1-1) 44 @ Baltimore (1-1) 24

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Food for Thought--UB40 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Upside Down--Diana Ross (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
A New York Times/CBS News Poll reported that Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Ronald Reagan was the only candidate to benefit from his debate on September 21 with independent candidate John Anderson, in which President and Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter had declined to participate. Mr. Reagan had gone from 4 points behind Mr. Carter to 5 points ahead of him after the debate, at 40%-35%. Mr. Anderson’s support remained steady at 9%.

Air traffic controllers staged an illegal walkout, paralyzing flight service across Canada.

Ottawa (5-7) 24 @ Hamilton (5-6-1) 29
British Columbia (5-5-1) 22 @ Winnipeg (7-4) 28
Calgary (5-6) 14 @ Saskatchewan (2-10) 18

Dave Marler relieved ineffective starting quarterback Bruce Lemmerman and threw touchdown passes of 10 yards to Leif Pettersen and 29 yards to Rocky DiPietro in the 3rd quarter and handed off to Rufus Crawford for 2 other touchdowns in leading the Tiger-Cats to victory. Mr. Lemmerman, whose throwing arm appeared to have lost its zip, completed just 3 of 7 passes for 19 yards, and retired several days later, ending his 10-year CFL career. Ottawa touchdowns were scored by Tony Gabriel, Richard Crump, and Peter Stenerson. Mr. Crawford rushed 22 times for 113 yards, while Mr. Crump was held to 32 yards on 17 carries.

Dieter Brock threw touchdown passes to Mike Holmes and Joe Poplawski and rushed for a touchdown himself as the Blue Bombers overcame a 19-4 halftime deficit before a Winnipeg Stadium record crowd of 29,622. The Lions scored 19 points in the 2nd quarter on a 1-yard touchdown rush by Larry Key, a 25-yard touchdown pass from Joe Paopao to John Pankratz, and 2 converts, a field goal, and 2 singles on kickoffs by Lui Passaglia.

Lester Brown rushed 27 times for 161 yards and a 1-yard touchdown and Joe Barnes threw a 5-yard touchdown pass to John Kinch as the Roughriders won at home for the first time in the 1980s. The Saskatchewan defense held Calgary’s star running back James Sykes to 38 yards on 9 carries. The Roughriders led 17-4 early in the 4th quarter, but the Stampeders came back with a safety touch and a 22-yard touchdown pass from Ken Johnson to Willie Burden, followed by a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Johnson to Kelvin Kirk. A late Stampeder drive ended when Mr. Johnson threw an interception to Zack Jones at the Saskatchewan 40-yard line with 9 seconds remaining, to the delight of 24,607 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

Gary Carter batted 3 for 4 with 2 home runs, a double, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in to lead the Montreal Expos over the Philadelphia Phillies 8-3 before 40,305 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Steve Rogers (16-11) pitched a 5-hit complete game as the Expos moved ½ game ahead of the Phillies in the National League East Division pennant race.

30 years ago

Died on this date
Larry O'Brien, 73
. U.S. politician. Mr. O'Brien was a leading figure in the Democratic Party and was the United States Postmaster General in the cabinet of President Lyndon Johnson from 1965-1968. He served as Commissioner of the National Basketball Association from 1975-1984, and the NBA's championship trophy is named after him.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had dropped 1.2% in August, the biggest monthly decline since 1987.

Winnipeg (9-4) 48 @ Edmonton (9-4) 25

Tom Burgess completed 27 of 42 passes for 291 yards and 4 touchdowns and the Blue Bombers sacked Eskimo quarterback Tracy Ham 4 times before a Commonwealth Stadium crowd of 28,950. Mr. Burgess’ touchdown passes went to Rick House; Matt Pearce; Eric Streater; and Perry Tuttle. Warren Hudson rushed 1 yard for another Winnipeg touchdown, and linebacker Albert Williams also scored for the Blue Bombers on a 65-yard fumble return in the 3rd quarter. Tracy Ham threw a 9-yard touchdown pass to Craig Ellis in the 2nd quarter and a 70-yard touchdown pass with 1:28 remaining in the first half when Brian Walling caught the pass for an 8-yard gain, fumbled, and teammate Blake Marshall recovered and went the remaining 62 yards for the score. Backup quarterback Warren Jones threw an 8-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Ellis with exactly 5 minutes left in the game and connected with Michael Soles for a 2-point convert pass. The Edmonton defense held CFL rushing leader Robert Mimbs to 20 yards on 10 carries. Star Eskimo running back Reggie Taylor dressed for the game but didn’t play because of a knee injury, and missed the rest of the season.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Hard as a Rock--AC/DC (2nd week at #1)

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat signed the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, providing for a certain amount of Palestinian autonomy.

World events
French mercenary Bob Denard and other mercenaries took the Comoros islands in a coup against President Said Mohamed Djohar.

The Quebec Southern Railway began operating former Canadian Pacific short lines from Lennoxville to St-Jean; Brookport to Wells River, Vermont; Farnham to Ste-Rosalie Junction and Stanbridge.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 80
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1968-1979, 1980-1984. Mr. Trudeau, a native of Montreal, was a law professor and ostensible socialist who declined the opportunity to fight for Canada in World War II, and denounced the Liberal Party of Canada as a "spineless herd" shortly before joining them, and winning election to the House of Commons, representing the Montreal riding of Mount Royal from 1965-1984. He became Minister of Justice in 1967, and was elected Liberal Party leader on April 5, 1968, succeeding retiring Prime Minister Lester Pearson. A Canadian version of Barack Obama (even including a background with suspicious Communist connections), the hereditarily wealthy, charismatic "Kissing Flower Boy" legalized abortion and homosexual acts, effectively substituting secular humanism for the Bible as the basis of Canadian law; adopted the suicidal policies of official bilingualism and multiculturalism; downgraded the nation’s military; emasculated Parliament while turning the Prime Minister's office into a one-man dictatorship; poisoned relations with the United States while signing a "Friendship Protocol" with the Soviet Union; did what he could to destroy the Canadian economy; stole billions of dollars from Alberta through the implementation of the National Energy Policy; intervened in the judicial system (with his henchmen Otto Lang and Jean Chretien) when he couldn't get his way and violated precedents in trying to remove my father from his position as a territorial court judge; and imposed upon the country a Charter of Rights and Freedoms that had the effects of destroying parliamentary supremacy in favour of the Supreme Court and of giving special "rights" to perverts, criminals, deadbeats, and malcontents. Mr. Trudeau took over a great country called Canada, and left behind him a multicultural monstrosity called, in Mark Steyn’s term, Trudeaupia. He posed as a world leader, but the only world "leaders" who attended his funeral were failed former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. The best analyses of Pierre Trudeau can be found in the columns of Lubor Zink in the Toronto Telegram and Toronto Sun, some of which were collected in Mr. Zink’s books Trudeaucracy (1972) and Viva Chairman Pierre! (1977). It may be oddly appropriate that Pierre Trudeau took office as Prime Minister of Canada on April 20, 1968, which was not only the anniversary of the birth of Adolf Hitler (whom Mr. Trudeau had declined to fight in World War II), but the day that British politician Enoch Powell delivered his "Rivers of Blood" speech warning--prophetically--of the dangers of multiracial immigration; and that Mr. Trudeau died on the day that the United States Food and Drug Administration announced its approval of the marketing of RU-486, a pill that produces abortions. Mr. Trudeau was saddened in his final years by the death of his youngest son, Michel, in a tragic accident, and Mr. Trudeau was reportedly expressing a belief in God and that he would see Michel on the other side. I don't know if Pierre Trudeau came to saving faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, but I'll be very glad if he did. He died of prostate cancer after several years of declining health.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that it had approved marketing of a pill that would induce abortions. The drug mifepristone, or RU-486, which blocks progesterone--a hormone necessary for pregnancy--was already available in China and many European countries. The FDA required that it be taken within seven weeks after the user’s last menstrual period. In the event that it failed to produce an abortion, the user would be required to have a surgical abortion.

World events
Palestinians and Israeli police clashed at the compound around the Al-Aqsa mosque after hardline Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon toured the area accompanied by a delegation from the Likud party.

53% of voters in Denmark voted against joining the euro, the European Community’s common currency.

Calgary (9-3-1) 31 @ Toronto (3-9-1) 14

Dave Dickenson completed 21 of 28 passes for 220 yards and touchdowns of 23 yards to Travis Moore and 31 yards to Marc Boerigter in front of a record-low SkyDome CFL crowd of just 11,343. Calgary fullback Duane Forde rushed 1 yard for the game’s first touchdown just 2:57 into the game. Mark McLoughlin added 3 converts, 3 field goals, and a single. The Argonauts’ only touchdown came on a 39-yard pass from Kerwin Bell to Mookie Mitchell with 2:34 remaining in the first half. Jacob Marini converted and added 2 field goals, while Noel Prefontaine punted for a single. Kelvin Anderson of the Stampeders rushed 20 times for 127 yards. Toronto’s Michael Jenkins was held to 44 yards on 10 carries, but picked up 96 yards on 7 pass receptions.

Elmer Dessens (11-5) pitched a 2-hitter for the Cincinnati Reds as they beat the Milwaukee Brewers 8-1 before 56,354 fans in the last major league game at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Cincinnati left fielder Dmitri Young batted 4 for 4 with 2 triples and 4 runs, while first baseman Sean Casey was 3 for 3 with a base on balls, home run, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in. Rafael Roque, the second of four Milwaukee pitchers, allowed 2 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1/3 inning, walking 1 batter and striking out none in the 56th and last game of his 3-year major league career.

The Baltimore Orioles set a team record for runs in a game as they embarrassed the Toronto Blue Jays 23-1 before 32,203 fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. The Orioles scored 10 runs in the 4th inning, which included Brady Anderson’s 200th career major league home run. The Blue Jays made 4 errors, leading to 13 unearned runs. Jay Spurgeon, the second of four Baltimore pitchers, pitched a perfect 8th inning, with 1 strikeout, in his 7th and last major league game.

10 years ago

Ontario Superior Court Justice Susan Himel struck down Canada's prostitution laws as contributing to the danger faced by prostitutes.

The Quebec Superior Court upheld a 2008 California court ruling that a Montreal man, Adam Guerbuez, had violated U.S. anti-spam laws by allegedly flooding Facebook with over 4 million messages. He was ordered to pay the social-networking giant C$1 billion, but Mr. Guerbuez had filed for bankruptcy two months earlier.

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