Saturday, 19 September 2020

September 19, 2020

470 years ago

Died on this date
Gustav I, 64
. King of Sweden, 1523-1560. Gustav I came from a noble family and was elected King after the Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. He was known for his ruthlessness, abolishing Sweden's elective monarchy in favour of a hereditary monarchy and establishing the Lutheran Church of Sweden as he became known as the "father of the nation." King Gustav I suffered from chronic infections of the leg and jaw in the years leading up to his death. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Erik XIV.

150 years ago

The siege of Paris began in the Franco-Prussian War.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Ricardo Cortez
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cortez, born Jacob Krantz, appeared in more than 100 movies, usually playing Latin lovers. His most famous role was probably that of Sam Spade in the original film version of The Maltese Falcon (1931). Mr. Cortez died on April 28, 1977 at the age of 76

110 years ago

Born on this date
Margaret Lindsay
. U.S. actress. Miss Lindsay was best known for her supporting performances in movies such as Jezebel (1938); The House of the Seven Gables (1940); and Scarlet Street (1945). She died of emphysema on May 9, 1981 at the age of 70.

Arturo Tolentino. Filipino politician. Mr. Tolentino, a member of the Nacionalista Party, represented Manila's Third District in the Philippine House of Representatives (1949-1957). He was a Senator (1957-1972, 1992-1995), and was President of the Senate (1966-1967) and majority leader in the Senate (1970-1972). Mr. Tolentino was Minister of Foreign Affairs (1984-1985) in the cabinet of President Ferdinand Marcos, and was briefly Vice President in 1986, serving after winning an election that was largely viewed as fraudulent. When Mr. Marcos went into exile later in 1986, Mr. Tolentino launched an unsuccessful coup attempt. He was re-elected to the Senate in 1992, but retired from politics after losing his bid for re-election. Mr. Tolentino died of a heart attack on August 2, 2004 at the age of 93.

100 years ago

At the movies
Headin’ Home, starring Babe Ruth as himself, opened at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Roger Angell! Mr. Angell began writing for The New Yorker in 1944, and is best known for his essays on baseball, which he began writing in 1962, and have been collected in books such as The Summer Game (1972); Five Seasons: A Baseball Companion (1977); and Late Innings: A Baseball Companion (1982).

90 years ago

Died on this date
Arlie Pond, 57
. U.S. baseball pitcher and physician. Dr. Pond played with the Baltimore Orioles (1895-1898), compiling a record of 35-19 with a 3.45 earned run average in 69 games, batting .245 with no home runs and 14 runs batted in in 71 games. He served as the team doctor before joining the U.S. Army in 1898, serving in the Philippines as a military and civilian physician and surgeon until his death from peritonitis after an operation for appendicitis.

The New York Yankees beat the Chicago White Sox 18-9 before 5,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago despite giving up 9 runs in the last 3 innings. Earle Combs scored 5 runs for the Yankees, and Lou Gehrig batted in 5. Roy Sherid (11-13) allowed 12 hits and 9 earned runs in 8+ innings to get the win. He was relieved by Ken Holloway, who allowed 1 hit and no runs in 1 inning, striking out 1 batter and walking none to get the save in the 285th and last game of his 9-year major league career.

80 years ago

German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler formally ordered the assembly of the "Sea Lion" invasion fleet halted, pending further developments. The 13th consecutive nightly German raid on London was made from the northwest, a new direction. British ships and planes shelled the Italian stronghold of Sidi Barrani in Egypt. U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, U.K. Ambassador to the U.S. Lord Lothian, and Australian Minister to the U.S. Richard Casey conferred on joint use of naval and air bases for mutual defense.

Japan gave France two days to accede to her demands in Indochina.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate voted 46-23 to pass the excess profits tax bill.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America demanded that the CIO bar all Communists from its New York state offices.

Paul Derringer earned his 20th win of the season as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies 4-1 before 1,094 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

The Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 13-2 and 10-1 before 10,493 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit to move into a tie for first place in the American League with the Cleveland Indians. Rudy York hit a home run in each game for Detroit.

75 years ago

A court in London sentenced William Joyce, better known as "Lord Haw Haw," to death for treason for making Axis propaganda broadcasts from Germany during World War II.

The Council of Foreign Ministers appointed a committee of experts to study the whole Yugoslavian-Italian boundary question.

World events
Marshal Grigori Zhukov, U.S.S.R. administrator in Germany, announced that Poland's new western frontier would include several hundred additional square miles of territory west of Stettin on the lower Oder River.

Politics and government
U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee said that legislative elections in India would be followed by the establishment of a constituent assembly to frame a new constitution.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur announced the formation of an economic and scientific section of his headquarters to investigate every aspect of Japanese business and science and make recommendations.

U.S. occupation forces in Korea revoked Japanese laws preventing freedom of religious worship, speech, and press, and freedom from persecution for political activity.

Transcontinental & Western Air, Inc., Pan American Airways, Eastern Airlines, and American Export Airlines announced that they had purchased large fleets of Lockheed Constellation planes, which would carry 43-51 passengers at 340 miles per hour and provide 11-hour service between New York and London.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Dark Shadows, starring William Redfield, Robert H. Harris, and Gene Lyons

U.S. and South Korean forces began an offensive along the southeastern Korean front to support the advance on Seoul.

India and the U.S.S.R. lost in separate efforts to have the People's Republic of China seated in the United Nations General Assembly. Iran's UN delegate, Nazrollah Entezam, was elected President of the General Assembly.

An airlift of Yemen's 50,000 Jews to Israel was completed.

The North Atlantic Foreign Ministers Council ended a four-day meeting in New York after agreeing to end the "state of war" between West Germany and the Western Allies. The Council also issued a warning that NATO members would regard a Soviet attack on West Berlin or West Germany as an "attack upon themselves."

Politics and government
At the request of President Harry Truman, Louis Johnson resigned as U.S. Defense Secretary, claiming that he had made "more enemies than friends" during his 1½ years in office. President Truman nominated General George C. Marshall to succeed Mr. Johnson.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Adam and Eve--Paul Anka

#1 single in France (IFOP): Romantica--Dalida

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Twist--Chubby Checker
2 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
3 It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley
4 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne
5 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
6 Walk - Don't Run--The Ventures
7 Kiddio--Brook Benton
8 Yogi--The Ivy Three
9 Volare--Bobby Rydell
10 A Million to One--Jimmy Charles and the Reveletts

Singles entering the chart were Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#87); You Talk Too Much by Joe Jones (#91); North to Alaska by Johnny Horton (#93); Is You is or is You Ain't My Baby by Buster Brown (#94); Blue Angel by Roy Orbison (#96); Twistin' U.S.A. by Danny and the Juniors (#98); My Dearest Darling by Etta James (#99); and Togetherness by Frankie Avalon (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Music Vendor)
1 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
2 The Twist--Chubby Checker
3 It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley
4 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
5 Kiddio--Brook Benton
6 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne
7 A Million to One--Jimmy Charles and the Reveletts
8 Theme from the Apartment-- Ferrante and Teicher with their Orchestra & Chorus
9 Walk - Don't Run--The Ventures
10 Yogi--The Ivy Three

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Mr. Custer--Larry Verne (2nd week at #1)
2 Let's Have a Party--Wanda Jackson
3 Robot Man--Jamie Horton
4 Hot Rod Lincoln--Johnny Bond
5 You Mean Everything to Me/Run Samson Run--Neil Sedaka
6 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
7 Time Machine--Dante and the Evergreens
8 Storm Clouds--Buddy Knox
9 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
10 Pineapple Princess--Annette with the Afterbeats

Singles entering the chart were Lucille by the Everly Brothers (#46, charting with its other side, So Sad (To Watch Good Love Go Bad)); Never on Sunday by Don Costa and his Orchestra (#55); Save the Last Dance for Me by the Drifters (#56); Kaw-liga/The Sand and the Sea by the Four Preps (#57); Togetherness by Frankie Avalon (#58); Night Theme by the Mark II (#59); and I Want to Be Wanted by Brenda Lee (#60).

The University of Alberta opened its Calgary campus, with the Arts & Education and Science & Engineering buildings the first to open. The university became the University of Calgary in 1966.

Winnipeg (10-0) 19 @ Calgary (1-6-2) 17
British Columbia (3-6-1) 10 @ Edmonton (7-2) 18

14,300 were at McMahon Stadium to see the Blue Bombers edge the Stampeders.

Jackie Parker scored a touchdown, convert, and field goal for the Eskimos at Clarke Stadium. Johnny Bright scored the other Edmonton touchdown, while Cowboy Woodruff added a convert and Mike Lashuk punted for a single.

40 years ago

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Comme j'ai toujours envie d'aimer--Marc Hamilton (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La lontananza--Domenico Modugno (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Band of Gold--Freda Payne

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (4th week at #1)
--The Mixtures
2 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
3 Old Man Emu--John Williamson
4 The Wonder of You--Elvis Presley
5 Up Around the Bend/Run Through the Jungle--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 The Long and Winding Road/For You Blue--The Beatles
7 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
8 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
9 Knock Knock Who's There--Mary Hopkin
--Liv Maesson
10 Gimme Dat Ding--Maple Lace

Singles entering the chart were Overture from Tommy (A Rock Opera) by the Assembled Multitude (#40); Everything a Man Could Ever Need by Glen Campbell (#51); and Wigwam by Bob Dylan (#53).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Back Home--Golden Earring (5th week at #1)
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 Wigwam--Bob Dylan
4 Are You Ready?--Pacific Gas & Electric
5 Wild and Exciting--Earth & Fire
6 White Rabbit/Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
7 Hulen is Voor Jou te Laat--Corry en de Rekels
8 Suicide is Painless--The Mash
9 Brandend Zand--Gert Timmerman
10 Sex Machine--James Brown

Singles entering the chart were No Place for Our Minds by Crown's Clan (#29); Don't Spoil My Day by Clover Leaf (#30); The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#32); Peace Will Come by Melanie (#33); and Kijk in M'n Ogen/Laat Mij Niet Alleen by Duo X (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Ain't No Mountain High Enough--Diana Ross
2 War--Edwin Starr
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Patches--Clarence Carter
5 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
6 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago
7 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
8 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
9 Candida--Dawn
10 Make it with You--Bread

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#40); When You Get Right Down to It by the Delfonics (#83); Our House by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#84); Holy Man by Diane Kolby (#86); Georgia Took Her Back by R.B. Greaves (#88); Come on and Say It by the Grass Roots (#89); God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe) by Teegarden & Van Winkle (#90); Seems Like I Gotta Do Wrong by the Whispers (#92); Something by Shirley Bassey (#94); Love Uprising by Otis Leaville (#95); And the Grass Won't Pay No Mind by Mark Lindsay (#96); and Stoned Cowboy by Fantasy (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Patches--Clarence Carter
2 Ain’t No Mountain High Enough--Diana Ross
3 War--Edwin Starr
4 Lookin’ Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
6 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago
7 Candida--Dawn
8 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
9 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
10 Don't Play that Song--Aretha Franklin with the Dixie Flyers

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#28); Our House by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#60); Come on and Say It by the Grass Roots (#70); Holy Man by Diane Kolby (#88); Part Time Love by Ann Peebles (#91); Montego Bay by Bobby Bloom (#92); If You were Mine by Ray Charles (#94); I Have Learned to Do Without You by Mavis Staples (#95); Our World by Blue Mink (#96); You Better Think Twice by Poco (#98); and Animal Zoo by Spirit (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Ain’t No Mountain High Enough--Diana Ross
2 Patches--Clarence Carter
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
5 War--Edwin Starr
6 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago
7 Candida--Dawn
8 Don't Play that Song--Aretha Franklin with the Dixie Flyers
9 Snowbird--Anne Murray
10 I (Who Have Nothing)--Tom Jones

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#60); Our House by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#65); See Me, Feel Me by the Who (#67); Just Let it Come by Alive "N Kickin" (#77); Come on and Say It by the Grass Roots (#78); God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe) by Teegarden & Van Winkle (#83); And the Grass Won't Pay No Mind by Mark Lindsay (#84); I Have Learned to Do Without You by Mavis Staples (#93); Holy Man by Diane Kolby (#94); Alone Again Or by Love (#97); Border Song by Elton John (#98); Animal Zoo by Spirit (#99); and Funky Man by Kool & The Gang (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 War--Edwin Starr
2 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Snowbird--Anne Murray
5 Hi-De-Ho--Blood, Sweat & Tears
6 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
7 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
8 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
9 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
10 I've Lost You--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were Fire and Rain by James Taylor (#76); Pate de Foie Gras by Rumplestiltskin (#78); You Make Me High by Luke and the Apostles (#80); Black Fox by Freddie Robinson (#84); Still Water (Love) by the Four Tops (#86); Empty Pages by Traffic (#87); Face of the Sun by Green & Stagg (#89); I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#90); Just Let it Come by Alive "N Kickin" (#95); We've Only Just Begun by the Carpenters (#97); (I Remember) Summer Morning by Vanity Fare (#98); and Deeper & Deeper by Freda Payne (#99).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Snowbird--Anne Murray
2 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
4 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
5 Patches--Clarence Carter
6 War--Edwin Starr
7 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
8 (I Know) I'm Losing You--Rare Earth
9 As the Years Go By--Mashmakhan
10 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago
Pick hit of the week: Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond

On television tonight
The Mary Tyler Moore Show, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Love is All Around

This was the first episode of the series.

Died on this date
Kostas Georgakis, 22
. Greek student. Mr. Georgakis was a student of geology in Italy who committed suicide by self-immolation in Genoa in protest against the military junta that was then governing Greece. Mr. Georgakis's suicide came shortly after his identity was revealed after giving an anonymous interview to a Genovese magazine in which he stated that the Greek student movement in Italy had been infiltrated by the junta's military intelligence service.

U.S. casualties for the week in Vietnam were 52 dead and 333 wounded, the lowest weekly overall total in 4½ years.

The Jordanian civil war continued after Palestinian guerrillas rejected government calls for a cease-fire. In Amman, the superior firepower of the government troops was reported to be slowly winning the city from Palestinian snipers.

A study commissioned by the Carnegie Corporation found that most American public schools were "oppressive," "grim," and "joyless," and they failed to educate children adequately.

Auto racing
Al Unser won the Sedalia 100 on a dirt track at Sedalia, Missouri, with Mario Andretti finising second and Larry Dickson third in the 18-car field. It was the eighth win of the season for Mr. Unser, his third straight, and his fourth straight on a dirt track.

Calgary (5-5) 1 @ Ottawa (3-5) 9

The Rough Riders scored the game’s only touchdown on a pass from Gary Wood to Billy Cooper. Ivan MacMillan converted and added a single on a missed field goal attempt, while Bill Van Burkleo punted for a single for the other Ottawa point. Calgary’s only scoring came on a wide field goal attempt from 50 yards by Larry Robinson that was conceded for a single. The Stampeders went into the game without star middle linebacker Wayne Harris, who was injured, but was ready for the team’s next game a week later. Jerry Campbell of the Rough Riders moved from an outside position to middle linebacker in place of all-star Ken Lehmann, who was dressed but was unable to play because of a neck injury. Mr. Campbell went on to make the position his own in the next few years. 23,013 fans attended the game at Lansdowne Park, and the low score could be attributed in part to a muddy field.

Chicago (1-0) 24 @ New York Giants (0-1) 16

The Syracuse Chiefs of the International League defeated Omaha of the American Association 5-3 in 11 innings to win the Junior World Series.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): One More Reggae for the Road--Bill Lovelady (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Everybody's Got to Learn Sometime--The Korgis (4th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Paradise Road--Joy (8th week at #1)
2 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
3 Can't Stop the Music--Village People
4 Down the Mississippi--Barbara Ray
5 Call Me--Blondie
6 Emotional Rescue--The Rolling Stones
7 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.
8 Space Invaders--Player (1)
9 D.I.S.C.O.--Ottawan
10 I See a Boat on the River--Boney M.

Singles entering the chart were The Winner Takes it All by ABBA (#11); Upside Down by Diana Ross (#18); and Little Jeannie by Elton John (#20).

At the movies
Ordinary People, directed by Robert Redford, and starring Mary Tyler Moore, Donald Sutherland, Judd Hirsch, and Timothy Hutton, opened in theatres.

The United States House of Representatives voted 298-98 in favour of a resolution blocking the sale of 38 tons of enriched uranium to India, exactly three months after U.S. President Jimmy Carter had signed an executive order allowing the sale. The resolution against the sale still had to pass in the Senate.

A fuel explosion in an underground Titan II nuclear missile site near Damascus, Arkansas killed one U.S. Air Force employee and injured 21 others. The blast shattered the 750-ton concrete door on top of the silo, and left a crater 250 feet wide. The state police immediately evacuated 1,400 people within a 5-mile radius of the blast for 12 hours as concern mounted over possible radioactive leaks from the 9-megaton warhead that had been attached to the missile. The warhead was designed to detonate only after it was launched and a series of events had occurred. Air Force officials refused to tell the public of the whereabouts and condition of the warhead, which angered local officials and residents.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (4th week at #1)

At the movies
GoodFellas, directed by Martin Scorcese and starring Robert DeNiro, Ray Liotta, and Joe Pesci, opened in theatres.

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Growing Up

This was the first episode of the fourth season of The Wonder Years.

Died on this date
Hermes Pan, 80
. U.S. dancer and choreographer. Mr. Pan, born Hermes Panagiotopoulos, danced on stage and in films, but was better known as a choreographer in movies, working on 89 films. He worked with Fred Astaire in more than 20 movies and television specials, resulting in an Academy Award for Dance Direction for A Damsel in Distress (1937) and an Emmy Award for An Evening with Fred Astaire (1958).

Politics and government
The Parliament of the Supreme Soviet asked Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov to resign.

Barry Bonds hit his 30th and 31st home runs of the season to help Doug Drabek pick up his 20th win of the season as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Chicago Cubs 8-7 before 13,058 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

The Detroit Tigers scored 6 runs in the top of the 9th inning to insure a 12-5 win over the California Angels before 21,770 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The sixth and last California pitcher, Jeff Richardson, entered the game with 2 out in the 9th and gave up a 3-run triple to Travis Fryman before fielding a ground ball by Mike Heath and retiring him for the last out. It was Mr. Richardson's only major league game.

25 years ago

Hit parade #1 single in Italy: Hideaway--De'Lacy (3rd week at #1)

The New York Times and The Washington Post published the Unabomber's manifesto.

Former world heavyweight champion Larry Holmes (63-5) won a unanimous 10-round decision over Ed Donaldson (11-5) at Casino Magic in Bay Saint Louis, Mississippi.

Winnipeg (4-9) 28 @ Calgary (11-1) 43

Jeff Garcia passed for 275 yards and touchdowns to Vince Danielsen, Terry Vaughn, Allen Pitts, and Dave Sapunjis to lead the Stampeders over the Blue Bombers before 21,738 fans at McMahon Stadium, clinching a playoff spot. Marvin Coleman scored another Calgary on a 108-yard return of a missed field goal. Reggie Slack threw to Allan Boyko for the first Winnipeg touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Kevin McDougal connected with Milt Stegall for a 14-yard touchdown late in the 4th quarter. It was Mr. Stegall's first touchdown as a Blue Bomber, coming in his first CFL game. Shannon Baker scored the other Winnipeg touchdown on a 51-yard punt return. The Stampeders led 30-6 at halftime.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Ann Doran, 89
. U.S. actress. Miss Doran was a character actress in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 70 years. She was best known for playing James Dean's mother in the movie Rebel Without a Cause (1955).

In accord with the policy of the administration of President Bill Clinton, and following the lead of the House of Representatives in May, the United States Senate voted 83-15 to grant normal trade relations with China. U.S. union leaders and human rights advocates strongly condemned the normalization.

Politics and government
Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori, who, three days earlier, had called a presidential election for March 2001 in which he would not be a candidate, announced that he would serve until his successor took office in July 2001.

10 years ago

The British Petroleum oil well that had spilled hundred of millions of oil into the Gulf of Mexico was sealed with a permanent cement plug.

Edmonton (2-9) 14 @ Montreal (8-3) 31

Winnipeg (3-8) 13 @ Toronto (6-5) 17

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