Monday, 7 September 2020

September 8, 2020

1,950 years ago

The siege of Jerusalem ended after nearly five months when the city fell completely under the control of a Roman army led by Titus.

1,240 years ago

Died on this date
Leo IV, 30
. Emperor of the Byzantine Emperor, 775-780. Leo IV, the son of Emperor Constantine V, was made Caesar in 751, and became senior Emperor upon his father's death. He led a successful invasion of the Abbasid Caliphate in 778, but died from tuberculosis, and was succeeded by his son Constantine VI.

920 years ago

Died on this date
Clement III, 71 (?)
. Roman Catholic Antipope, 1080-1100. Clement III, whose real name was Guibert or Wibert of Ravenna, was elected in opposition to Pope Gregory VII, who opposed the claim of European monarchs to control ecclesiastical appointments. Clement III commanded a significant following, but is officially regarded as an antipope.

In a secret nighttime election, Theodoric was chosen to succeed Clement III as Antipope.

640 years ago

Russian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols in the Battle of Kulikovo in Russia.

260 years ago

The Marquis de Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France, surrendered Montreal to the British. Canada, Acadia, and French western posts as far south as Illinois became part of British North America.

210 years ago

The Tonquin set sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor's newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrived at the mouth of the Columbia River, and Mr. Astor's men established the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.

190 years ago

Born on this date
Frédéric Mistral
. French poet and lexicographer. Mr. Mistral shared the 1904 Nobel Prize for Literature with Spanish dramatist José Echegaray. Mr. Mistral won for his efforts to restore Occitan, the historic language of the French region of Provence. His most important work was his 12-song poem Mirèio (Mireille) (1859). Mr. Mistral died on March 25, 1914 at the age of 83.

160 years ago

The steamship PS Lady Elgin sank in Lake Michigan after being rammed in a gale by the schooner Augusta, with the loss of about 300 lives. The disaster remains the greatest loss of life on open water in the history of the Great Lakes.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Tilly Devine
. U.K.-born Australian gangstress. Mrs. Devine married an Australian at the age of 16 and moved to Australia at the age of 20. The pair became involved in crime, and Mrs. Devine was a prostitute, madam, and finally a crime boss. Mrs. Devine was convicted over 200 times, but still became very wealthy before being forced to pay large amounts in back taxes. She died of cancer on November 24, 1970 at the age of 70.

Claude Pepper. U.S. politician. Mr. Pepper, a Democrat, was a member of the Florida House of Representatives (1929-1931); represented Florida in the U.S. Senate (1936-1951); and represented four different Florida districts in the U.S. House of Representatives (1963-1989), and chaired the House Rules Committee (1963-1989). He was nicknamed "Red Pepper" because of his pro-Soviet views in the 1930s and '40s, but became a staunch anti-Communist in the 1960s. Rep. Pepper became chairman of the House Select Committee on Aging in 1977, and became America's most prominent advocate for old people. He remained in office until his death on May 30, 1989 at the age of 88.

A 120-mile-per-hour hurricane struck the Texas coastline of the Gulf of Mexico, killing 6,000-12,000 people, leaving 8,000 homeless, and destroying much of the city of Galveston.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Jean-Louis Barrault
. French actor and director. Mr. Barrault played mime Jean-Gaspard Deburau in the movie Les Enfants du Paradis (Children of Paradise) (1945), and appeared in The Longest Day (1962). He was known for directing and acting in plays, often with his wife Madeleine Renaud. Mr. Barrault died of a heart attack on January 22, 1994 at the age of 83.

90 years ago

Politics and government
An emergency session of the Canadian Parliament, summoned by Prime Minister R.B. Bennett to deal with the economic problems of the Depression, began in Ottawa.

3M began marketing Scotch transparent tape.

80 years ago

On the radio

Died on this date
Hemmo Kallio, 77
. Finnish actor. Mr. Kallio, born Herman Puttonen, played more than 400 roles on stage from 1882 until the late 1930s. He appeared in several films from 1920-1936, often cast in fatherly roles.

Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring, Supreme Commander of the Luftwaffe, announced that he had taken personal control of the German air assault on England.

The Bolivian Chamber of Deputies approved a bill denying Jews the right to immigrate into the country.

Politics and government
U.S. Federal Judge John C. Knux barred Communist Party U.S. presidential candidate Earl Browder from campaigning and making public speeches.

Economics and finance
Due to action by the U.S. Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, wheat sold for its highest price in two months on the Chicago Board of Trade.

Chicago Cardinals (0-0-1) 7 @ Pittsburgh (0-0-1) 7

The Baltimore Elite Giants shut out the New York Cubans 3-0 in New York to win the Ruppert Memorial Cup, symbolic of supremacy in the Negro National League.

Johnny Mize hit his 38th, 39th, and 40th home runs of the season in consecutive at bats, but it wasn’t enough, as the St. Louis Cardinals were outslugged by the Pittsburgh Pirates 16-14 in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,718 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Bill DeLancey finished the game at catcher for the Cardinals; it was the 219th and last game of his 4-year major league career. The Pirates completed the sweep with a 5-4 win in a game that was called because of darkness after 5 innings.

Joe Gordon hit for the cycle as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 9-4 before 33,800 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Spud Chandler (8-6) was the winning pitcher, allowing 8 hits and 3 earned runs in a complete game.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers with Paul Weston and His Orchestra (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Airplay--6th week at #1; Juke Box--6th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--5th week at #1)

23,000 Japanese troops surrendered to Australian forces at Bougainville, Solomon Islands. American troops entered Tokyo and raised the American flag at the U.S. embassy. U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal told Senator David Walsh (Democrat--Massachusetts) that publication of certain facts about the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii would "compromise sources of information...of great value to our national security."

World events
The division of Korea began, when United States troops arrived to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.

The Argentine government ratified the United Nations charter.

The Ethiopian Foreign Office reached an agreement with France on border issues concerning French Somaliland and the jointly-owned railroad from Djibouti to Addis Ababa.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology revealed a new radar net which could detect vessels 25 miles out to sea at an accuracy of five yards in any direction.

U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes directed that the Alamogordo Bombing Range in New Mexico be reserved for a new national monument.

Politics and government
Nova Scotia Premier Angus L. Macdonald led his Liberal Party to another victory in the provincial election as they captured 28 of 30 seats in the Nova Scotia legislature and 52.7% of the vote. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by Donald MacDonald, won the other two seats and 13.6% of the vote, while the Progressive Conservatives, led by Frederick Blois, were shut out, despite taking 33.5% of the vote. Going into the election, the Liberals held 22 seats, the PCs 5, and CCF 3.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Kang Kon, 32
. N.K. military officer. Lieutenant General Kang Kon participated in anti-Japanese activities in Manchuria in the 1930s, and fled to the U.S.R. in the early 1940s, serving with the Soviet Red Army during World War II. He returned to North Korea in 1946, and helped to establish the North Korean People's Army. He was appointed Chief of the General Staff Department in 1948 and led the North Korean Army offensive during the opening stages of the Korean War, but was killed by a land mine.

The Philippines promised to provide 10,000 metric tons of rice to United Nations forces in Korea despite a shortage at home.

Politics and government
The Liberal cabinet of Greek Prime Minister Sophocles Venizelos resigned after losing a non-confidence vote in Parliament.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman named Secretary of State Dean Acheson to head the "Point Four" program for aiding underdeveloped areas of the world.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board, acting under the authority of the Defense Production Act, ordered restrictions on installment buying similar to World War II controls.

In the face of a domestic cotton shortage, the U.S. Commerce Department invoked curbs on exports of raw cotton and cotton linters.

It was reported that 116 miners trapped underground in Knockshinnoch Castle colliery at New Cumnock in Ayrshire, Scotland were safe, more than 24 hours after a field collapsed and blocked their exit.

Sandy Saddler (116-7-2) regained the world featherweight title when champion Willie Pep (152-3-1) was unable to come out for the 8th round of their bout at Yankee Stadium in New York after suffering a shoulder separation in the 7th round. Mr. Saddler had won the title in 1948 and lost it to Mr. Pep in 1949.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Alley Oop--Dante and the Evergreens

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Apache--The Shadows (3rd week at #1)

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicated the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration had already activated the facility on July 1.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Mitt sommarlov--Anita Hegerland (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Percy Spencer, 76
. U.S. physicist. Mr. Spencer was largely self-taught in various subjects, and worked with the U.S. defense contract firm Raytheon during World War II. In 1945, he invented the microwave oven.

The U.K., West Germany, and Switzerland agreed to join U.S. efforts to obtain the release of the passengers held hostage in their hijacked jetliners in the Jordanian desert. The three countries delayed the release of the Arab guerrillas they were holding pending the joint diplomatic effort. Security agents at airports around the world began searching passengers, carry-on bags, and women’s purses.

Typhoon Fran left 85 dead and 42 missing in Taiwan.

Trans International Airlines Flight 863, a Douglas DC-8 ferry flight to Washington, D.C., crashed during takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, killing all 11 aboard.

Joe Bugner (27-2) scored a technical knockout of Chuck Wepner (21-7-2) in a heavyweight bout at Empire Pool, Wembley, London, when the bout was stopped at the end of the 3rd round because of a cut near Mr. Wepner's right eye.

Jerry Quarry (37-4-4) scored a technical knockout of Stamford Harris (14-19-2) at 1:14 of the 6th round of a heavyweight bout at Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Moscow--Genghis Khan (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Junko/Namida no Serenade--Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sun of Jamaica--Goombay Dance Band

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Xanadu--Olivia Newton John/Electric Light Orchestra

It was revealed that Israel had told the United States and Egypt that it would limit itself to four more new settlements on the West Bank. The assurance reportedly had a role in Egypt's decision to resume talks with Israel on Palestinian autonomy.

Huge boulders and tons of earth swept down the Himalayas near Darjeeling, India, killing 250 people and trapping 30,000.

30 years ago

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Epic--Faith No More (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sotto Questo Sole--Francesco Baccini; Ladri di Biciclette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's on You--M.C. Sar & the Real McCoy

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Soca Dance--Charles D. Lewis (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini--Bombalurina (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer
3 Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega
4 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
5 Mooi Was Die Tijd--Corry Konings
6 Summer of '69--Bryan Adams
7 Close to You--Maxi Priest
8 Ritmo de la Noche--Chocolate
9 It's on You--M.C. Sar & the Real McCoy
10 Maldòn--Zouk Machine

Singles entering the chart were Verdammt - Ich Lieb' Dich by Matthias Reim (#26); Promise Me by Beverley Craven (#31); Tonight by New Kids on the Block (#32); Ritmo de la Noche by Lorca (#33); Jack Talking by Dave Stewart and the Spiritual Cowboys (#34); and Corazón by Gerard Joling (#35).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
2 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
3 Do Me!--Bell Biv DeVoe
4 Unskinny Bop--Poison
5 If Wishes Came True--Sweet Sensation
6 Have You Seen Her--M.C. Hammer
7 Tonight--New Kids on the Block
8 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson
9 Epic--Faith No More
10 Come Back to Me--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Ice Ice Baby by Vanilla Ice (#72); More than Words Can Say by Alias (#84); Same Ol' Situation (S.O.S.) by Motley Crue (#90); L.A. Woman by Billy Idol (#94); Hippychick by Soho (#95); Cherry Pie by Warrant (#97); and Ooops Up by Snap! (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
2 If Wishes Came True--Sweet Sensation
3 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
4 Have You Seen Her--M.C. Hammer
5 Do Me!--Bell Biv DeVoe
6 Unskinny Bop--Poison
7 Thieves in the Temple--Prince
8 Tonight--New Kids on the Block
9 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson
10 Come Back to Me--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Black Cat by Janet Jackson (#50); Suicide Blonde by INXS (#57); Feels Good by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#60); Cherry Pie by Warrant (#66); L.A. Woman by Billy Idol (#73); Ice Ice Baby by Vanilla Ice (#77); and Knockin' Boots by Candyman (#85).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Vision of Love--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
3 Come Back to Me--Janet Jackson
4 Across the River--Bruce Hornsby
5 Unskinny Bop--Poison
6 All the Lovers in the World--Gowan
7 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
8 Oh Girl--Paul Young
9 King of Wishful Thinking--Go West
10 Joey--Concrete Blonde

Singles entering the chart were Inside My Heart by the Box (#78); Rhythm of Love by Oleta Adams (#79); Do Me! by Bell Biv DeVoe (#90); Smoke by Crash Vegas (#91); Romeo by Dino (#92); Free by Burton Cummings (#95); Suicide Blonde by INXS (#97); Violence of Summer (Love’s Taking Over) by Duran Duran (#99); and Caroline by Concrete Blonde (#100).

Died on this date
Joe Gleason, 95
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Gleason appeared in 3 games with the Washington Nationals in 1920 and 8 games in 1922, posting a 2-3 record with an earned run average of 6.10. He pitched in various minor leagues from 1914-1931.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Det vackraste--Cecilia Vennersten (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Country House--Blur (4th week at #1)

Calgary (10-1) 33 @ Edmonton (7-5) 17

Jeff Garcia handed off to Shawn Daniels for a touchdown and completed a pass to Terry Vaughn for another to lead the Stampeders over the Eskimos before 49,434 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Defensive end DeWayne Patterson scored the other Calgary touchdown on a 2-yard return of a fumble by Edmonton quarterback Chris Vargas. Eric Blount scored the first Edmonton touchdown on a 5-yard pass from Mr. Vargas in the 4th quarter, and defensive back Singor Mobley returned a fumble 72 yards for the Eskimos' other TD with 1:39 remaining in the game.

20 years ago

The Millennium Summit, attended by leaders from 150 countries at the United Nations in New York City, concluded. Nearly 300 treaties were signed or ratified by about 85 nations. One such treaty forbade the use of children under 18 in armed conflict.

Protests by truck drivers over high fuel prices spread from France to England.

Calgary (6-3-1) 10 @ Edmonton (7-3) 31

Rick Walters returned a fumble 24 yards for a touchdown to help spark the Eskimos to a sweep of their annual September series with the Stampeders before 53,248 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The fumble occurred when Calgary punt returner Marvin Coleman was hit hard by Edmonton running back Craig Carr. Quarterback Nealon Greene scored the Eskimos’ first touchdown on a 25-yard rush just 1:58 into the game. Mr. Greene also connected with Terry Vaughn for a 10-yard touchdown early in the 4th quarter after Jed Roberts recovered another Calgary fumble. Sean Fleming converted all 3 and added 3 field goals and a single. The Stampeders, with Troy Kopp quarterbacking them for the second straight game in place of injured starter Dave Dickenson, failed to score a touchdown. Mark McLoughlin kicked 3 field goals--the last from 52 yards with 1:30 left in the game--and a single. Kelvin Anderson was the main offensive weapon for the Stampeders, rushing 24 times for 131 yards and catching 3 passes for 25.

Julio Lugo had 5 singles to help the Houston Astros defeat the Chicago Cubs 13-10 before 34,439 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Roger Clemens (12-6) pitched a 5-hitter for the New York Yankees as they shut out the Boston Red Sox 4-0 before 33,861 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. In the 9th inning, Boston pitcher Bryce Florie suffered fractures to a cheekbone and orbital socket, as well as retinal damage, when he was hit in the face by a line drive off the bat of Ryan Thompson. He returned to pitch in late June of 2001.

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