Friday, 25 September 2020

September 25, 2020

330 years ago

Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first multi-page newspaper to appear in the Americas, was published in Boston for the first and only time. It was shut down by British colonial authorities the next day.

230 years ago

Peking opera was born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes introduced Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday.

210 years ago

The first issue of the Kingston Gazette was published in Kingston, Upper Canada.

130 years ago

The United States Congress established Sequoia National Park in California.

Wilford Woodruff, "Prophet, Seer, and Revelator" (i.e., President) of the Mormon church, officially renounced the practice of polygamy.

120 years ago

Died on this date
John M. Palmer, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Palmer was a member of various parties in a political career spanning more than 50 years. He was a brigadier general with the Union Army during the Civil War, and was military governor of Kentucky (1865-1868). Mr. Palmer was Governor of Illinois (1869-1873), and represented Illinois in the U.S. Senate (1891-1897). In 1896 he was the U.S. presidential candidate of the National Democratic Party, a faction of Democrats opposed to the main party's presidential candidate, William Jennings Bryan. Mr. Palmer died 12 days after his 83rd birthday.

Félix-Gabriel Marchand, 68. Canadian politician. Mr. Marchand, a native of Dorchester, Lower Canada, was a journalist and notary by trade. A Liberal, he represented Saint-Jean in the Quebec Legislative Assembly from 1867 until his death, serving as Speaker (1887-1892) and as Premier from 1897 until his death in office in Quebec City. Mr. Marchand was succeeded as Premier by Simon-Napoléon Parent.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Ralph Jordan
. U.S. football player and coach. "Shug" Jordan was a baseball pitcher, basketball guard, and football center at Auburn University (1928-1932). He was basketball coach at Auburn (1933-42, 1945-46) and the University of Georgia (1946-50) compiling a record of 136-103. Mr. Jordan returned to Auburn as head football coach (1951-1975), compiling a record of 176-83-6, leading the Tigers to 12 bowl games, and achieving the national championship in 1957. He died of leukemia on July 17, 1980 at the age of 68, and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1982.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Sergei Bondarchuk
. U.S.S.R. actor and film director. Mr. Bondarchuk, a native of Ukraine, acted in several movies in the 1940s and '50s, but was best known as the director of movies such as War and Peace (1966-1967) and Waterloo (1970). He died of a heart attack on October 20, 1994, 25 days after his 74th birthday.

Shoeless Joe Jackson hit a home run and 2 doubles to help the Chicago White Sox beat the Cleveland Indians 5-1 before 33,000 fans at Dunn Field in Cleveland to move within ½ game of the American League-leading Indians. Lefty Williams (22-14) pitched a 5-hitter to outduel Stan Coveleski (23-14).

Every man in the New York lineup had at least 1 hit as the Giants shut out the Brooklyn Robins 8-0 before 28,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, moving the second-place Giants within 4 games of the National League-leading Robins. Jesse Barnes (19-15) pitched a 4-hitter, winning over Burleigh Grimes (22-11).

Dave Robertson singled home Zeb Terry and scored on a single by Dode Paskert to break a 0-0 tie in the 9th inning as the Chicago Cubs shut out the Cincinnati Reds 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at Redland Field. Pete Alexander (26-14) pitched a 6-hitter to outduel Ray Fisher (9-11), who allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run. Turner Barber batted 3 for 5 with a triple, run, and 3 runs batted in to help the Cubs win the second game 7-1 to complete the sweep, with Hippo Vaughn (19-15) pitching a 7-hitter to win over Jimmy Ring (17-16).

The Philadelphia Phillies scored a run in the 7th inning and 5 in the 8th as they overcame a 2-0 deficit and defeated the Boston Braves 6-2 in the first game of a doubleheader at National League Park in Philadelphia. Lee Meadows (15-14) pitched an 8-hitter, winning over Dana Fillingim (12-20). Leaodoff hitter Gene Paulette batted 5 for 6 with 2 runs and a run batted in to help the Phillies win the second game 12-10 to complete the sweep.

90 years ago

With 4 games left in the season, Joe McCarthy resigned as manager of the Chicago Cubs after failing to obtain the support of team owner William Wrigley. The Cubs were in second place in the National League with a record of 86-64. Mr. McCarthy was in his fifth season as the Cubs’ manager, and had led them to the National League pennant in 1929.

80 years ago

On the radio

The Canadian armed merchantman Prince Robert captured the German ship Weser off the Mexican coast. British and Free French forces abandoned the Dakar operation after meeting expectedly stiff resistance. Planes from Morocco renewed their attack upon Gibraltar. The U.S. Army General Staff warned U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Germany might invade the Western Hemisphere through northeastern Brazil.

Douglas Aircraft began construction of $20 million worth of military aircraft, the largest single contract in American history.

Politics and government
Josef Terboven, Reich commissioner in Norway, established Vidkun Quisling as Minister President of Norway.

Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives chose John W. McCormack (Massachusetts) as their new floor leader.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. and Dominican Republic signed an agreement in Washington, whereby the United States gave up its control of the D.R.'s customs.

The United States announced a new loan to China.

Chicago Bears (1-1) 7 @ Chicago Cardinals (1-0-2) 21

The Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, 10-9 in 10 innings and 3-2. Bobo Newsom pitched 2 innings of relief to pick up his 20th win of the season in the first game, and pitched an 8-hit complete game to earn his 21st win in the second game.

The St. Louis Cardinals and Cincinnati Reds split a doubleheader before 1,898 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, with the Reds winning the first game 5-0 and the Cardinals winning the second game 4-3. Harry Walker made his major league debut with the Cardinals in the first game, playing left field and batting 0 for 4; he was 1 for 4 with a run batted in in the second game. His teammate Walker Cooper made his major league debut in the second game, catching and batting 1 for 2 with an RBI.

75 years ago

New Haven, Connecticut officials banned the musical version of Uncle Tom's Cabin because of the protests of Negro and citizen groups. Similar action had already taken place in Bridgeport.

Allied authorities in Berlin issued a 48-point proclamation that formally ended the war-making power of the Reich and emphasized the totality of Germany's defeat.

Reports from Saigon said that British troops had fired on Annamite demonstrators seeking immediate independence from French rule in Indochina.

World events
The Argentine government reported thwarting an attempted coup led by Generals Arturo Rawson and Osvaldo Martin.

The Hungarian government expressed willingness to meet American conditions for diplomatic recognition, including a democratic political structure and free elections.

U.S. Navy Admiral Thomas Kinkaid said that the U.S. 7th Fleet was scheduled to assume the functions of the old U.S. Asiatic Fleet.

Politics and government
In his first interview with a foreign correspondent since the beginning of World War II, Emperor Hirohito told Frank Kluckhohn of The New York Times that he favoured constitutional reform for Japan along British lines. He also claimed that former Prime Minister Hideki Tojo had misused his powers in attacking Pearl Harbor, Hawaii without a formal declaration of war.

The U.S. Census Bureau reported that births in the United States had fallen to 2,794,800 in 1944, 140,000 less than in 1943.

Allied Supreme Commander in Europe U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower issued a new order making any German corporation employing members of the Nazi Party or its affiliates in any capacity liable to closure by the military government.

Over 28,000 miners and foremen were idled and 67 soft coal mines closed in Pennsylvania and West Virginia as a result of strikes by supervisory employees demanding the right to organize.

The mediation conference between representatives of nine leading oil firms and 30,000 striking members of the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Oil Workers opened in Chicago. The subject of the conference was the union demand for a 30% wage increase.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board fixed October 25 for the strike vote in 20 Chrysler plants with about 120,000 workers.

Pittsburgh (0-1) 7 @ Boston (1-0) 28

70 years ago

Died on this date
Eugene O'Neill, Jr., 40
. U.S. scholar. Mr. O'Neill, the son of playwright Eugene O'Neill, was a classicist and philosopher who taught at several universities. He was a heavy drinker, and committed suicide by slitting his wrist and ankle with a razor.

United Nations forces took control of Seoul three months after it had fallen to the North Koreans. The U.S. Army called up 1,644 female reservists, 650 of them nurses, in the first major call-up of women in the Korean War.

Politics and government
A three-day federal-provincial conference began in Québec City in an attempt to devise an amending formula for the British North America Act. The Quebec government took advantage of the conference to demand a constitution “made in Canada, by Canadians and for Canadians.”

Paul G. Hoffman, who had supervised the Marshall Plan for 2½ years, resigned as U.S. Economic Cooperation administrator. President Harry Truman selected William Chapman Foster to succeed Mr. Hoffman.

Responding to a suit brought by 200 Negroes in Atlanta to desegregate the city's public schools, Georgia Governor Herman Talmadge (Democrat) predicted that integration efforts in his state "would create more confusion, disorder, riots and bloodshed than anything since the War Between the States."

60 years ago

Died on this date
Emily Post, 87
. U.S. authoress. Mrs. Post was a socialite who wrote magazine articles on various subjects, but was best known for her book Etiquette in Society, in Business, in Politics, and at Home (1922), which has gone through 19 editions through 2017 and is still regarded as a textbook on the subject.

Politics and government
Former Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau founded the Montreal Civic Action Party/le parti de l'Action Civique de Montréal, as part of an attempt to regain the mayoralty in the forthcoming election.

Sarnia (2-4) 6 @ Port Huron-Detroit (2-3) 32

This was the Golden Bears’ second loss in as many days, after playing at home against the London Lords the day before.

Washington (0-1) 0 @ Baltimore (1-0) 20
Cleveland (1-0) 41 @ Philadelphia (0-1) 24
Chicago (1-0) 17 @ Green Bay (0-1) 14
New York (1-0) 21 @ San Francisco (0-1) 19

Los Angeles (1-2) 0 @ Dallas (2-1) 17
Oakland (1-2) 14 @ Houston (2-1) 13

Del Crandall drew a base on balls with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 10th inning and Eddie Mathews followed with a home run to give the Milwaukee Braves a 4-2 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 38,109 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Despite the loss, the Pirates clinched their first National League pennant in 33 years. Joe Torre made his major league debut with the Braves, singling as a pinch hitter to lead off the bottom of the 8th.

Glen Hobbie (15-20) pitched a 6-hit shutout for the Chicago Cubs as they blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 5-0 before 8,558 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago to eliminate the third-place Cardinals from pennant contention. Larry Jackson (17-13) took the loss.

The San Francisco Giants scored 8 runs in the 2nd inning and 4 in the 6th as they defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 13-9 before 25,056 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Los Angeles left fielder Tommy Davis batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in, while center fielder Willie Davis was 2 for 5 with a homer, double, 2 runs, and 3 RBIs. Doug Camilli made his major league debut with the Dodgers, making an out as a pinch hitter for John Roseboro in the 2nd inning and remaining in the game at catcher, batting 1 for 4 with a base on balls, run, 2 putouts, and 1 assist. The teams combined for 6 errors, leading to 9 unearned runs.

The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in the 3rd inning and held on to edge the Boston Red Sox 4-3 before 32,420 fans at Fenway Park in Boston, with Luis Arroyo getting his 6th save of the season in relief of Ralph Terry (10-8). The Yankees thus clinched their 10th pennant in 12 years under manager Casey Stengel.

Pinch hitter Al Kaline doubled home Frank Bolling and Rocky Colavito with 1 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 9th inning, giving the Detroit Tigers a 6-5 win over the Kansas City Athletics before 6,200 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Eddie Yost hit a pair of solo home runs for the Tigers, including one to lead off the bottom of the 1st. Johnny Kucks started on the mound for Kansas City and allowed 6 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 4 innings, striking out 1 batter and walking none, allowing 3 home runs, making 1 putout, and batting 0 for 1 in the 207th and last game of his 6-year major league career. Detroit catcher Lou Berberet batted 1 for 3, making 3 putouts and 1 assist in the 448th and last game of his 7-year major league career, drawing an intentional walk to load the bases immediately prior to Mr. Kaline's hit. This was the last game at Briggs Stadium before its name was changed to Tiger Stadium on January 1, 1961.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Pinocchio--Maria Dallas (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Lola--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)
2 Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews
3 Neanderthal Man--Hotlegs
4 Lady D'Arbanville--Cat Stevens
5 The Wedding--Jody Wayne
6 Keep On Smiling--James Lloyd
7 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
8 Mademoiselle Ninette--Michael Holm
9 Love of the Common People--Nicky Thomas
10 Push Mr. Pride Aside--Percy Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Ain't Love a Funny Thing by Sam Evans (#18); I (Who Have Nothing) by Tom Jones (#19); and Lookin' Out My Back Door by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)
2 All Right Now--Free
3 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
4 Yellow River--Christie
5 War--Edwin Starr
6 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
7 Candida--Dawn
8 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
9 Patches--Clarence Carter
10 Neanderthal Man--Hotlegs

Singles entering the chart were The Circle Game by Buffy Sainte-Marie (#26); Fire and Rain by James Taylor (#27); Montego Bay by Bobby Bloom (#28); Soul Shake by Delaney and Bonnie and Friends (#29); and Do What You Wanna Do by Five Flights Up (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 War--Edwin Starr (2nd week at #1)
2 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
3 All Right Now--Free
4 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
5 Patches--Clarence Carter
6 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
7 Yellow River--Christie
8 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
9 Neanderthal Man--Hotlegs
10 Out in the Country--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were See Me, Feel Me by the Who (#23); Our House by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#28); Lucretia MacEvil by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#29); and All the Tired Horses by Bob Dylan (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot (3rd week at #1)
2 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
3 Patches--Clarence Carter
4 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
5 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Snowbird--Anne Murray
7 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
8 Candida--Dawn
9 Yellow River--Christie
10 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Death Wish

The Partridge Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: What? and Get Out of Show Business?

This was the first episode of the series.

Died on this date
Erich Maria Remarque, 72
. German-born author. Mr. Remarque, born Erich Paul Remark, served with the Imperial German Army in World War I; his experiences inspired his best-known novel, Im Westen nichts Neues (All Quiet on the Western Front) (1929). Mr. Remarque moved to Switzerland in 1931, and he remained aboroad after his writings were banned as "unpatriotic" by the Nazis after they took power in Gemany in 1933. Mr. Remarque wrote several other novels, including Drei Kameraden (Three Comrades) (1937), usually about Germany during and after World War I. He died of heart failure in Locarno, Switzerland.

Fighting between Jordanian troops and Palestinian guerrillas stopped after the announcement of a cease-fire agreement. Included in the agreement was Al Fatah’s Yasser Arafat, the top rebel leader. 15 of the passengers still being held hostage aboard airliners that had been hijacked over Western Europe on October 6 and had been sitting in the Jordanian desert since then were "rescued" by Jordanian troops near Amman.

U.S. Transportation Secretary John Volpe announced that, commencing in one week, trained military guards would be placed on commercial airliners in an anti-hijacking effort.

The U.S.A. warned the U.S.S.R. that the establishment of a submarine base in Cuba would violate the deal made by the two countries at the end of the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. The Pentagon had reported the construction of what may have been such a base in southern Cuba.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (Hot Press): Start!--The Jam

Died on this date
Lewis Milestone, 84
. Russian-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Milestone, born Leib Milstein, moved to the United States at the age of 18. He directed more than 50 movies in a career spanning 45 years, and won Academy Awards for Two Arabian Knights (1927) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1930). Mr. Milestone died five days before his 85th birthday, and 10 years to the day after Erich Maria Remarque, the author of the novel All Quiet on the Western Front.

John Bonham, 32. U.K. musician. Mr. Bonham was the drummer for the rock group Led Zeppelin from its formation in 1968 until his death from choking on vomit while unconscious after a day of heavy drinking.

Flooding and mudslides after a week of rains in Caracas killed 20 people and left 1,000 homeless.

The Montreal Expos rallied for 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning, but lost 5-4 to the Chicago Cubs before 2,660 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Jerry White singled home Larry Parrish and Chris Speier with 2 out and the bases loaded in the 9th, and Tim Raines was on second base, but Dick Tidrow relieved Bruce Sutter and retired Rodney Scott on a fly ball to right field to end the game. Fred Norman, the second of five Montreal pitchers, allowed 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1/3 inning, walking 1 batter and striking out none in the 409th and last game of his 16-year major league career.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 5th inning and held on for a 2-1 win over the New York Mets before 20,525 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia, moving into first place in the National League East Division, ½ game ahead of the Expos. Marty Bystrom (4-0) allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 6.2 innings to get the win.

Vic Correll doubled home George Foster and Ray Knight with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Cincinnati Reds beat the San Diego Padres 5-3 before 5,309 fans at San Diego Stadium. San Diego center fielder Jerry Mumphrey got his 50th stolen base of the season, joining Ozzie Smith and Gene Richards, and making the Padres the first team in major league history with 3 players with 50 or more stolen bases in a season.

Mike Squires drove in a run with a ground out in a 4-run 2nd inning and singled home Junior Moore and Fran Mullins with 1 out in the 8th inning to break a 4-4 tie as the Chicago White Sox defeated the Oakland Athletics 6-4 before 3,180 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Brian Kingman (7-20), the third of four Oakland pitchers, allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 5.2 innings to become the major leagues' last (so far) 20-game loser. Mr. Moore was in the 289th and last game of his 5-year major league career, and entered the game as a pinch runner for Glenn Borgmann.

Pat Putnam hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 11th inning to break a 4-4 tie, but Dave Edler tripled home Bruce Bochte, Jim Anderson, and Julio Cruz with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th to give the Seattle Mariners a 7-6 win over the Texas Rangers before 4,472 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

30 years ago

South African President F.W. de Klerk continued his visit to Washington, telling several members of the United States Congress that he supported the principle of one man, one vote in elections, but that it must include guarantees to protect the white minority population of South Africa.

The first 8 New York Yankee batters hit safely, and the team hit 6 home runs as they routed the Baltimore Orioles 15-3 before 17,548 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Dave Stewart pitched a shutout and improved his 1990 record to 22-10 as the Oakland Athletics blanked the Kansas City Royals 5-0 before 22,145 fans at Royals Stadium to clinch the American League West Division pennant for the third straight year.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Extres--EX-3 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): A Kind of Christmas Card--Morten Harket (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Be A Hippy--Technohead

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms
2 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Walk in the Sun--Bruce Hornsby
5 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
6 Not Enough--Van Halen
7 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
8 Saviour--Colin James
9 A Higher Place--Tom Petty
10 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morissette

Singles entering the chart were Back for Good by Take That (#88); Show Me by Zappacosta (#90); As I Lay Me Down by Sophie B. Hawkins (#92); Scared by the Tragically Hip (#93); God's Mistake by Tears for Fears (#95); Do You Sleep? by Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories (#96); Crazy Cool by Paula Abdul (#98); Let it Rain by Amanda Marshall (#99); and Mexico by Jimmy Buffett (#100).

20 years ago

Politics and government
Saskatchewan Premier Roy Romanow announced that he would be stepping down as soon as a new leader could be chosen.

At the Summer Olympics in Sydney, Michael Johnson of the United States repeated his 1996 victory in the men’s 400-metre run. Mr. Johnson also ran as a member of the gold medal-winning 4 X 400-metre relay team that included Anthony Pettigrew and identical twins Alvin and Calvin Harrison.

Cathy Freeman, who had lit the Olympic torch, won the women’s 400-metre run, becoming the first Australian Aborigine to win an individual Olympic gold medal.

The Cleveland Indians scored 5 runs in the 5th inning and 3 in the 6th as they beat the Chicago White Sox 9-2 before 42,500 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland in the first of two games for the Indians against different opponents. The Minnesota Twins scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning as they overcame a 3-1 deficit to defeat the Indians 4-3 before 42,853 fans in the second game. It was the first time a team had played two different opponents on the same day in the major leagues since September 13, 1951.

Tom Glavine (20-9) pitched an 8-hitter for his 20th career major league shutout as the Atlanta Braves blanked the Montreal Expos 6-0 before 6,931 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

10 years ago

Saskatchewan (8-4) 32 @ Hamilton (6-6) 25

British Columbia (4-8) 29 @ Calgary (9-3) 10

St. Mary's (0-3) 21 @ Mount Allison 23
Calgary (3-1) 26 @ Manitoba (1-3) 25

The Dinos took a 20-3 halftime lead and barely held on to defeat the Bisons before 3,000 fans at University Stadium in Winnipeg. Matt Henry rushed for a 16-yard Manitoba touchdown with 25 seconds remaining in the game and the Bisons scored a 2-point convert, but the ensuing short kickoff was recovered by Calgary defensive back Tye Noble.

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