Sunday, 6 September 2020

September 7, 2020

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Nicki and Ken Powless!

1,950 years ago

A Roman army under Titus occupied and plundered Jerusalem, capturing Herod's Palace.

325 years ago

World events
English pirate Henry Every perpetrated one of the most profitable pirate raids in history with the capture of the Grand Mughal ship Ganj-i-Sawai. In response, Emperor Aurangzeb threatened to end all English trading in India.

160 years ago

Born on this date
Grandma Moses
. U.S. artist. Anna Mary Robertson Moses was a folk artist who began painting scenes of rural America when she was young, but produced most of her paintings after she turned 78, achieving tremendous popularity. Grandma Moses died on December 13, 1961 at the age of 101.

Giuseppe Garibaldi led his forces into Naples.

125 years ago

The first game of what would become known as rugby league football was played in England, starting the 1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Giuseppe Zangara
. U.S. assassin. Mr. Zangara, a native of Italy who had become a United States citizen in 1929, was executed in "Old Sparky," the electric chair at Florida State Prison in Raiford, Florida, for the February 15, 1933 shooting in Miami of Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak. Mr. Cermak had died of peritonitis on March 6. Five others had also been shot by Mr. Cermak, although U.S. President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, who may have been Mr. Zangara's target, was unharmed. Mr. Zangara spent only 10 days on death row before his execution on March 20, 1933 at the age of 32.

Taylor Caldwell. U.K.born U.S. author. Miss Caldwell published 43 novels, including Dynasty of Death (1938); This Side of Innocence (1946); The Devil's Advocate (1952); Testimony of Two Men (1968); and Captains and the Kings (1972). She died on August 30, 1985, a week before her 85th birthday.

100 years ago

Died on this date
Simon-Napoléon Parent, 64
. Canadian politician. Mr. Parent, a native of Quebec City, was Mayor of Quebec City (1894-1906). A Liberal, he represented Saint-Sauveur in the Quebec Legislative Assembly (1890-1905). Mr. Parent was a cabinet minister from 1897 until taking office as Premier after the death of Félix-Gabriel Marchand in 1900. Mr. Parent was forced to resign as Premier by fellow MLAs in March 1905, and he resigned his seat four months later. He died in Montreal, five days before his 65th birthday.

Illinois State Attorney Maclay Hoyne announced that he was summoning a grand jury to investigate charges that the 1919 World Series between the Chicago White Sox and Cincinnati Reds had been fixed. In addition, there were recent reports of heavy gambling on the August 31 game between the Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies.

Two newly-purchased Savoia flying boats crashed in the Swiss Alps en route to Finland where they were to serve with the Finnish Air Force, killing both crews.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Mickey Keliher, 40
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Keliher was a first baseman with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1911-1912), batting 0 for 7 in 2 games. He played over 1,600 games in 18 seasons in the minor leagues (1910-1929).

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Never Smile Again--Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra (vocal refrain by Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers) (7th week at #1)

On the radio

Died on this date
José Félix Estigarribia Insaurralde, 52
. 34th President of Paraguay, 1939-1940. Marshal Estigarribia joined the Paraguayan Army in 1910, and distinguished himself in the Chaco War against Bolivia (1932-1935). He was elected to a four-year term as President in 1939, taking office in August. Six months later, Marshal Estigarribia dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution; he introduced a new constitution giving him sweeping powers, and it was overwhelmingly approved in a national referendum a month be before he, his wife Julia, and everyone else on board were killed in a plane crash while on a tour of the Paraguayan interior. War and Navy Minister Higinio Morínigo was named to succeed him as President.

German forces began their initial blitz of London (see also here).

The Treaty of Craiova was signed, resulting in Romania losing Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria. Most of Southern Dobruja's population were of Bulgarian and Turkish ancestry, with only about 20% being Romanians.

Bowing to Soviet pressure, the U.S. State Department announced the closing of its legations in Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania.

Politics and government
Burmese Prime Minister U Pu resigned after losing a non-confidence vote in the House of Representatives.

Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie declared that he would never lead the United States into a European war.

The American Association of Scientific Workers offered to take charge of British research threatened by the war.

75 years ago

At the movies
Isle of the Dead, produced by Val Lewton, directed by Mark Robson, and starring Boris Karloff, opened in theatres.

Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrendered to U.S. Marines.

Argentine Foreign Minister Juan Cooke reported satisfactory conversations with U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Spruille Braden, and pledged that he would use his influence to carry out the Act of Chapultepec.

The Cuban government announced that American citizens no longer needed passports to visit the country.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and the Netherlands signed an agreement fixing the exchange rate at 10.691 guilders to the pound sterling for the next three years.

The U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation ended its lease of government-owned Alcoa plants in a move to "create competition in the aluminum industry."

The National Hockey League ended many wartime restrictions on players in the armed services or in essential war work.

70 years ago

World events
The government of the Indian province of East Punjab arrested Master Tara Singh, militant leader of the Sikhs, for a speech in Amritsar allegedly inciting hatred between Hindus and Sikhs.

Politics and government
Italy's Christian Democratic government warned the country's Communists that it would use force if necessary to safeguard national security and conform with Atlantic pact obligations.

U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover told the Senate Appropriations Committee that he could seize 12,000 of the most dangerous Communists at a moment's notice, but asked for more money to keep check on suspected subversives.

Walt Dropo batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a double, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the New York Yankees 10-8 before 29,897 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Phil Rizzuto drove in 4 runs for the Yankees with a homer and double. Jimmy Piersall made his major league debut with the Red Sox as a pinch runner for Ted Williams at first base in the 5th inning. Mr. Piersall was erased on a double play. The win moved the third-place Red Sox to within 1½ games of the Yankees and Detroit Tigers in the American League pennant race.

Hoot Evers of the Detroit Tigers hit for the cycle and added another triple and drove in 6 runs as the Tigers and Cleveland Indians played to a 13-13 tie before 26,617 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit in a game that was called because of darkness after 10 innings. Al Rosen and starting pitcher Bob Feller each hit 2-run home runs for the Indians, who blew a lead three times. The Tigers remained 2 percentage points ahead of the Yankees, with the Indians in fourth place, 4 games behind.

Gil Hodges and Bruce Edwards hit solo home runs to help the Brooklyn Dodgers edge the Philadelphia Phillies 3-2 before 24,624 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, extending the Phillies’ losing streak to 6 games, and moving to within 4½ games of the National League-leading Phillies. Del Ennis hit a pair of solo homers for the Phillies. Carl Erskine (3-4) allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 7+ innings to outduel Robin Roberts (18-8), who allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings.

Bob Usher reached first base on an error by second baseman John Berardino with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning, and Ted Kluszewski hit a 2-run home run with 2 out to give the Cincinnati Reds a 6-4 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 1,176 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Eddie Erautt (3-0) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Wilhelm Pieck, 84
. President of East Germany, 1949-1960. Mr. Pieck joined the Social Democratic Party in 1895, but left the party and joined the Communist Party in 1918. He lived in exile in Moscow from 1933-1945, returning to Germany at the end of World War II. Mr. Pieck served as chairman of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (1946-1950), and became President when the German Democratic Republic was declared in 1949. He died in office after years of declining health, and was succeeded by Walter Ulbricht, who used the title Chairman of the Council of State.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): In the Summertime--The Mixtures

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Tegami--Saori Yuki

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Corpiño Xeitoso--Andrés Do Barro

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Dark Mercury

Died on this date
Gene Ford, 58
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Ford played with the Boston Braves (1936) and Chicago White Sox (1938), compiling a 0-0 record with an earned run average of 9.56 in 5 games. He was 3-9 in 23 games in 2 seasons in the minor leagues (1935-1936).

The day after members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) had hijacked four New York-bound airliners over western Europe, the PFLP set a 72-hour deadline for the release of all guerrillas being held in Israel, West Germany, Switzerland, and Great Britain. Two of the planes had been flown to a desert airstrip in Jordan 27 miles north of Amman, where the Jordanian army stood by helplessly as armed commandos mounted guard around the planes, threatening to blow them up if their demands were not met. 200 passengers were being held hostage.

U.S. Selective Service officials reported that they knew of 271 "antidraft occurrences" in the first eight months of 1970.

A presidential decree, announced in Parliament, abolished India's 2,000-year-old princely order with its 320 remaining maharajahs and nawabs. The decision was appealed to the Supreme Court.

Nearly 90 people drowned in a flood near Rangoon, Burma.

Auto racing
Al Unser won the 100-mile Ted Horn Memorial on a dirt track at DuQuoin State Fairgrounds in DuQuoin, Illinois; it was his sixth win of the year. Mr. Unser's brother Bobby finished second, and Larry Dickson was third in the 18-car field.

Horse racing
Bill Shoemaker beat Johnny Longden's record to become the winningest jockey in horse racing history, at Del Mar racetrack in San Diego.

Montreal (3-2) 12 @ Hamilton (3-2) 17
Winnipeg (1-6) 11 @ Saskatchewan (7-1) 30
Edmonton (2-6) 13 @ Calgary (5-3) 28
Toronto (3-3) 37 @ Ottawa (2-4) 21

28,702 fans filled Civic Stadium to see the Tiger-Cats defeat the Alouettes.

15,433 were in attendance at Taylor Field in Regina to see the Roughriders win. Saskatchewan running back Bobby Thompson suffered a season-ending knee injury.

The Stampeders jumped out to a 27-0 lead in the second quarter before Alan Pitcaithley scored on a 6-yard rush on a third-down gamble to put the Eskimos on the scoreboard. Mike Eben scored the other Edmonton touchdown on a pass from Don Trull as the Stampeders coasted in the second half before 23,310 fans at McMahon Stadium.

The Argonauts’ win before a Lansdowne Park crowd of 26,000 was marred by the ejection of defensive end Ed Harrington, who was banished when he struck Ottawa quarterback Gary Wood with a forearm to the head on the Rough Riders’first play from scrimmage.

Carl Yastrzemski singled to lead off the 8th inning and eventually scored what proved to be the deciding run on an error by center fielder Buddy Bradford as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Cleveland Indians 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,837 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The run was scored against Jim Rittwage, who allowed 1 hit and 1 run--earned--in 2/3 inning in his major league debut, walking 3 batters and striking out none. Gary Peters (14-10) was the winning pitcher over Sam McDowell (19-10). Vada Pinson hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th for Cleveland, and a 3-run homer in the 5th inning of the second game, which the Indians won 8-2. Dean Chance (8-8) allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to get the win over Cal Koonce (3-4). Dick Mills, the last of three Boston pitchers in the second game, allowed 4 hits and 1 run--earned--in 3 innings in his first major league game, walking 2 batters and striking out 2, and making 1 assist.

Brant Alyea drove in all 7 runs with a pair of home runs as the Minnesota Twins beat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-6 in the first game of a doubleheader before 19,964 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Stan Williams (9-0), the second of three Minnesota pitchers, pitched 2.2 innings and got the win after starter Bill Zepp was removed 1 out short of going the minimum 5 innings required to get credit for the win. Wayne Twitchell, the third of five Milwaukee pitchers, pitched a scoreless and hitless 5th inning in his first major league game, walking 1 batter and striking out 3. Mr. Alyea drove in 2 more runs in the second game as the Twins won 8-3 to complete the sweep. Hal Haydel (1-0) made his major league debut on the mound for Minnesota, relieving starter Luis Tiant to begin the 2nd inning. Mr. Haydel allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 5 innings, walking no batters and striking out 2, making 1 assist, and batting 2 for 3 with a home run, double, and 2 runs. Jim Nettles also made his major league debut in the second game for Minnesota, playing the 9th inning in right field, with no fielding chances.

Joe Rudi hit a home run in each game and batted in a total of 5 runs to help the Oakland Athletics sweep a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 7-4 and 7-5 before 6,115 fans at White Sox Park. Vida Blue started on the mound for Oakland in the first game and hit a 3-run home run--his first in the major leagues--in the 4th inning, but was removed from the game after 4.1 innings with a 6-4 lead, and Rollie Fingers (6-9) pitched the last 4.2 innings to get the win. Diego Segui (10-10) allowed 5 hits and 1 run--earned--in 5.1 innings to get the win in the second game. Don Eddy, the fourth of seven Chicago pitchers in the second game, allowed 1 hit and no runs in a scoreless 7th inning in his major league debut, walking 1 batter and striking out none.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and coasted to a 5-1 win over the St. Louis Cardinals in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,166 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Chris Short (8-14) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory, while St. Louis starter Jerry Reuss (5-7) failed to retire any of the 6 batters he faced. Luis Melendez made his major league debut as a pinch hitter for St. Louis, flying out to left field in the 5th. Larry Bowa singled home Willie Montanez with 2 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the Phillies a 3-2 win in the second game to complete the sweep.

Richie Hebner batted 3 for 4 with 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in to lead the Pittsburgh Pirates over the Chicago Cubs 8-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 42,556 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Bob Moose (9-9) pitched a 7-hit complete game to win over Milt Pappas (11-7). Ron Santo hit a pair of solo home runs and a sacrifice fly, and Billy Williams batted 3 for 5 with a home run, 2 runs, and 2 RBIs to help the Cubs win the second game 9-2. Ferguson Jenkins (19-14) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory and hit a 2-run homer off Ed Acosta, who allowed 3 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 1/3 inning in his first major league game. Bob Veale (9-15) took the loss. The split left the Pirates in first place in the National League East Division, 2 games ahead of the third-place Cubs.

The New York Mets scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th to erase a 4-0 deficit and defeat the Montreal Expos 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 46,163 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Tommie Agee hit a 3-run home run and Donn Clendenon added a 2-run double as the Mets scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and coasted to a 5-1 win in the second game to complete the sweep, moving to within 1½ games of the Pirates in the NL East Division. Jim McAndrew (9-11) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory in the second game, and singled and scored the second New York run.

Bob Watson hit a grand slam in the top of the 6th inning and Larry Howard, who had hit a solo home run--his first homer in the major leagues--in the 5th, added a 2-run homer later in the inning for the Houston Astros as they beat the San Diego Padres 10-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 5,524 fans at San Diego Stadium. Ken Forsch (1-0) made his major league debut on the mound for Houston, pitching a 6-hit complete game victory. All the San Diego runs came with none out in the 9th, with Ramon Webster's grand slam the big blow. The Astros scored 4 runs in each of the 4th and 8th innings to erase a 3-1 deficit and win the second game 9-4 to complete the sweep. Houston second baseman Joe Morgan batted 5 for 6 in the second game with 2 doubles and 2 RBIs. Jack Billingham (11-7) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Locomotion--Ritz (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Upside Down--Diana Ross

Politics and government
At the National People’s Congress in Beijing, Chinese Premier Hua Guofeng, five vice-premiers, and a number of ministerial appointees resigned. Zhao Ziyang, the former Communist Party chief of Sichuan Province who was credited with boosting the province’s economic performance, took over as Premier. The change of leadership was part of a campaign to end the practice of granting lifelong posts to leading officials. Many of those who resigned were at least 80 years old.

John McEnroe retained his U.S. Open men's singles title, defeating Bjorn Borg 7-6, 6-1, 6-7, 5-7, 6-4 in the final at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows, New York.

Saskatchewan (1-8) 21 @ Ottawa (5-4) 31
Calgary (4-5) 29 @ Winnipeg (5-4) 30
Hamilton (4-4-1) 18 @ Edmonton (8-1) 53

Richard Crump rushed 18 times for 82 yards and a pair of 4th-quarter touchdowns, while Ottawa quarterback Jordan Case threw 2 touchdown passes to Martin Cox in the 1st quarter. The Roughriders’ only touchdown came on a 5-yard pass from Joe Barnes to Steve Mazurak in the 3rd quarter. Jim Washington led the Saskatchewan attack with 12 rushes for 69 yards and 8 pass receptions for 79 in what turned out to be his final CFL game. The Rough Riders made 4 interceptions, 3 off Mr. Barnes and the other off John Hufnagel. Attendance at Lansdowne Park was 20,681.

Dieter Brock completed a 26-yard touchdown pass to Rick House with 6 minutes remaining in the game and scored another touchdown on a 1-yard quarterback sneak with 1:30 remaining, both converted by Trevor Kennerd, as the Blue Bombers overcame an early 15-0 deficit before 25,784 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Brock also threw a 9-yard touchdown pass to Mike Holmes in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Kennerd added 3 converts and field goals of 50, 35, and 26 yards. Former Blue Bomber Merv Walker scored Calgary’s first touchdown on a 30-yard interception return in the 2nd quarter, and backup quarterback Bruce Threadgill, who relieved starter Ken Johnson, completed a 7-yard scoring strike to Willie Armstead with 8:33 remaining in the game to give the Stampeders a 29-16 lead after J.T. Hay’s second convert of the game. Mr. Hay also added 4 field goals and 2 singles.

The Eskimos made 5 interceptions against Hamilton quarterbacks Charlie Weatherbie and Tom Rozantz in their rout of the Tiger-Cats before 43,460 fans at Commonwealth Stadium on a drizzly afternoon. Ed Jones made 3 of the interceptions and tied Dick Thornton’s single-game record by returning 2 of them for touchdowns--his touchdown returns covered 41 and 44 yards. Warren Moon threw 43- and 25-yard touchdown passes to Tom Scott and another of 9 yards to Brian Kelly. Jim Germany, who led the Edmonton rushing attack with 9 carries for 73 yards, fumbled late in the game while heading to the end zone, and offensive lineman Bill Stevenson recovered for the touchdown. Dave Cutler added 6 converts, 2 field goals, and 4 singles. The Tiger-Cats scored both of their touchdowns in the 4th quarter on 8- and 17-yard passes from Mr. Rozantz to Ross Clarkson. 2-point convert attempts on both scores were unsuccessful, one of them resulting in an interception by linebacker Harry Walters, playing his first game as an Eskimo since injuring his knee in the pre-season. It also turned out to be the last CFL game for the former Winnipeg Blue Bomber All-Canadian. Mr. Scott led all receivers with 6 receptions for 112 yards. The Tiger-Cats hurt their cause by taking 18 penalties for 135 yards, while the Eskimos took just 3 penalties for 27.

30 years ago

Died on this date
A. J. P. Taylor, 84
. U.K. historian. Professor Taylor was a pro-Soviet pothead who was known for television lectures and for books such as The Habsburg Monarchy (1941, revised 1948); Bismarck: The Man and Statesman (1955); The Origins of the Second World War (1961); and English History 1914-1945 (1965).

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney appointed former New Brunswick Premer Richard Hatfield to the Senate.

Kimberly Bergalis of Fort Pierce, Florida came forward to identify herself as the woman who had been infected with AIDS, apparently by her late dentist. (She died the following year.)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate in August had edged upward to 5.6%.

The British Columbia Lions, fourth and last in the Western Division with a record of 2-7-1, fired head coach Lary Kuharich. Mr. Kuharich had been an assistant coach with the Calgary Stampeders and had replaced Bob Vespaziani after the Stampeders started the 1987 with a 2-6 record. They were 8-2 under Mr. Kuharich that year before losing the western semi-final to the Edmonton Eskimos. The Stampeders dropped to 6-12 and last place in 1988, and improved to 10-8 in 1989, hosting their first playoff game in 10 years. They lost the semi-final to the Saskatchewan Roughriders, and Mr. Kuharich departed as head coach several days later under unpleasant circumstances. He was hired by the Lions after Murray Pezim bought the team.

Calgary (5-4-1) 17 @ Edmonton (7-3) 34

A Commonwealth Stadium crowd officially announced at 57,444 saw Henry "Gizmo" Williams return a punt 71 yards for a 3rd-quarter touchdown on what the Hall-of-Famer later claimed was his most memorable play. He appeared to be stopped in a pile of players, but burst through with more than half the length of the field open in front of him. Blake Marshall and Chris Johnstone each rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the first half, and Tracy Ham threw a 15-yard touchdown pass to Craig Ellis in the 4th quarter. The only Stampeder touchdown was scored by Derrick Crawford on an 82-yard punt return with just 1:25 left in the game. Rick Worman, who relieved starting quarterback Terrence Jones early in the game, completed a pass to Allen Pitts for a 2-point convert. Brian Walling of the Eskimos led all rushers with 12 carries for 98 yards and caught 3 passes for 24. Shawn Beals of the Stampeders caught 7 passes for 130, while Mr. Ellis led the Edmonton receivers with 8 catches for 105.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Shy Guy--Diana King (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Jacques Parizeau tabled Bill 1 in the National Assembly; the bill gave that body the power to declare Quebec a sovereign country after a referendum victory.

20 years ago

The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to overhaul UN peacekeeping operations to create a more potent and better-financed force that could respond more quickly to threats to international peace.

Eric Lamaze was kicked off the Canadian Olympic equestrian team after it was revealed that traces of cocaine had shown up in an earlier drug test, a violation of his agreement with Canadian athletic authorities.

10 years ago

World events
A Chinese fishing trawler operating in disputed waters collided with Japan Coast Guard patrol boats near the Senkaku Islands, sparking a major diplomatic dispute between the two countries.

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