Saturday, 13 October 2018

October 13, 2018

225 years ago
1793


War
Austro-Prussian forces won a victory over French forces in the First Battle of Wissembourg in France.

175 years ago
1843


Americana
Henry Jones and 11 others founded B'nai B'rith, the oldest Jewish service organization in the world.

130 years ago
1888


Football
ORFU
Toronto (0-1) 4 @ Hamilton (2-0) 12

110 years ago
1908


Abominations
Margaret Travers Symons burst into the British Parliament and became the first woman to speak there.

Baseball
World Series
Chicago Cubs 3 @ Detroit Tigers 0 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Three Finger Brown pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ed Summers before 12,907 fans at Bennett Park.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Robert Walker
. U.S. actor. Mr. Walker was the star of such movies as See Here, Private Hargrove (1944), Since You Went Away (1944), and The Clock (1945). He suffered from mental problems and heavy drinking, but made a strong comeback in Strangers on a Train (1951). On August 28, 1951, Mr. Walker, 32, had just completed principal shooting on My Son John (1952) and was waiting for reshooting to begin when his housekeeper found him in an agitated state and called Mr. Walker's psychiatrist. The doctor administered a dose of sodium amytal, but Mr. Walker suffered a severe reaction and stopped breathing. Attempts to revive him were unsuccessful.

Died on this date
Hamby Shore, 32
. Canadian hockey player. Samuel Hamilton Shore, a native of Ottawa, played defence and left wing with the Ottawa Silver Seven, helping them win the Stanley Cup in 1905. He played with the Winnipeg Maple Leafs of the Manitoba Professional Hockey League in 1907-08, when they unsuccessfully challenged the Montreal Wanderers for the Stanley Cup. Mr. Shore returned to Ottawa in 1909 to play professionally with the Senators of the National Hockey Association, and helped them win the Stanley Cup in 1910 and 1911. He was still a member of the club, while also working as a federal civil servant, when he fell ill with influenza and died a week later of pneumonia.

90 years ago
1928


Radio
Newspapers reported that Canadian inventor Reginald Fessenden had won his long-fought lawsuit in Boston against the U.S. "Radio Trust" to name him as the Father of Radio, knocking his other contemporaries, Guglielm Marconi, Nikola Tesla, and Lee DeForest, out of the equation. Mr. Fessenden also won an award of $2,500,000 from RCA and the other defendants.

World events
Charges of conspiracy against assassin Jose de Leon Toral, the Mother Superior Concepcion Acevedo de la Llata, and 11 others held in the July 17, 1928 assassination of Mexican President-elect General Alvaro Obregon were withdrawn by the Superior Court. Three minor defendants were released. Mr. Toral remained charged with murder, while the Mother Concepcion faced a charge of complicity. Other defendants, who were not believed to have been connected with the assassination, were held on charges of damage to property, referring to the explosions of dynamite bombs in the Chamber of Deputies building and in Gen. Obregon's political headquarters.

Communications
Speaking over a radio and cable circuit 6,500 miles long, U.S. President Calvin Coolidge and King Alfonso XIII of Spain inaugurated a telephone service between their countries.

Politics and government
F.E. Smith, Lord Birkenhead, resigned as U.K. Secretary of State for India, and was succeeded by Viscount Peel.

Education
Rene Ponthieu of Paris won the Third International Oratorical Contest in Washington, D.C. with a speech on French Thought and the Idea of Liberty. Second place was awarded to Jose de Tomaso of Argentina on The Confraternity of the Americas; third place to William Fox, Jr. of Canada on Canada's Future; and fourth place to American representative James R. Moore of Somerset, Kentucky, whose subject was The Development of the Constitution of the United States.

Disasters
11 people were killed and 40 injured in a collision of express and freight trains in Charfield, England.

Football
ARU
Edmonton (2-1) 18 @ University of Alberta (0-2) 6

Messrs. MacLennan and Stuart scored touchdowns, while Mr. Jones added 2 converts and 2 field goals for the Eskimos as they beat the U of A at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Mr. Stuart scored his TD in the 3rd quarter when he blocked a punt at midfield and returned it. Gus Runge ran 40 yards on a trick play for the U of A in the 4th quarter.

WCIRU
Manitoba (0-1) 3 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 6

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
E. C. Segar, 43
. U.S. cartoonist. Elzie Crisler Segar created several comic strips, but was best known for Thimble Theatre, which he began in December 1919, and which increased in popularity after he introduced the character Popeye in 1929. Mr. Segar died of leukemia and liver disease.

75 years ago
1943


War
In declaring the existence of a state of war between Italy and Germany 35 days after Italy's surrender to the Allies, Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio said that King Vittorio Emmanuel III had ordered the declaration of war because of repeated and intensified acts of war committed against the Italians by Germany. U.S.S.R. troops in southern Ukraine fought inside of Melitopol, 10 miles inland from the north shore of the Sea of Azov. Allied planes bombed Manokwair, Bira, Ambon, and Fak Fak in Dutch New Guinea. Japanese units made thrusts from Burma into China's Yunan Province.

Defense
U.S. Navy Undersecretary James Forrestal told the House of Representatives Naval Affairs subcommittee that "weak management, labor troubles and high costs" were responsible for the Brewster Aeronautical Corporation being 18 months behind on bomber schedules and 10 months behind on fighters.

Technology
Bendix Aviation Corporation announced that a new compass had been developed which could overcome magnetic disturbance and keep planes on a true course.

Politics and government
Three Argentine cabinet ministers, reputed to favour a break with the Axis, resigned, indicating no change in government policy.

The U.S. Republican Party announced that its 1944 National Convention would have 1,058 delegates, an increase of 58.

Medicine
Science reported the development of a vaccine from dead tuberculosis germs which protected animals against innoculation with live bacilli.

Economics and finance
The Indian central government took control of the country's food supply, and, as an anti-famine measure, forbade the export of grain.

70 years ago
1948


Diplomacy
The U.S.A. refused to recognize the Palestinian Arab government in Gaza, citing Transjordanian opposition.

Politics and government
The Berlin City Assembly formally moved its meetings from the Soviet to the British sector.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Hot 100--3rd week at #1)

This was the last week in which the Best Seller chart was published; thereafter, only the Hot 100 chart appeared.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
2 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
3 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
4 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
5 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
6 The Day the Rains Came--Jane Morgan
--Raymond Lefevre and his Orchestra
7 How the Time Flies--Jerry Wallace
8 Rockin' Robin--Bobby Day
9 The End--Earl Grant
10 Little Star--The Elegants

Singles entering the chart were To Know Him is to Love Him by the Teddy Bears (#36); Lonesome Town by Ricky Nelson (#44, charting with its other side, I Got a Feeling); Treasure of Your Love by Eileen Rodgers (#51); This Little Girl's Gone Rockin' by Ruth Brown (#53); Nine More Miles by Georgie Young (#55); The Blob by the Five Blobs (#59); and Love Makes the World Go 'Round/Mandolins in the Moonlight by Perry Como (#60).

Literature
A Bear Called Paddington, the first in the long-running series of children's books by Michael Bond, was published in London by William Collins & Sons.

War
Communist China announced a two-week delay in the resumption of shelling of Nationalist-held offshore islands.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. charged the U.S.A. with sending high-altitude balloons over Soviet territory to photograph military installations.

World events
The S.A. government withdrew treason indictments against 91 anti-apartheid demonstrators on trial in Pretoria.

Politics and government
Declaring that participation in Cuba's upcoming presidential election would be considered a crime of high treason, guerrilla leader Fidel Castro threatened candidates with execution unless they withdrew by the end of the month.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court rejected the petition of Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus for a review of a 1957 federal court injunction forbidding use of the Arkansas National Guard to keep Negro children out of white schools.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. and Jordan signed an agreement providing an additional $7.5 million in U.S. aid.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Ottawa (5-5) 13 @ Montreal (4-5-1) 34
Hamilton (8-1-1) 0 @ Toronto (2-8) 37

WIFU
British Columbia (3-10) 34 @ Saskatchewan (6-5-1) 16
Edmonton (7-5-1) 19 @ Calgary (5-8) 14

ORFU
Kitchener-Waterloo (3-5) 6 @ Sarnia (9-0) 33

Normie Kwong and Johnny Bright scored touchdowns for the Eskimos in their win over the Stampeders at Mewata Stadium. Joe Mobra converted both Edmonton TDs and Jackie Parker added a field goal.

Gino Cappelleti scored a touchdown, 3 converts and 2 field goals to lead the Golden Bears over the Dutchmen at Norm Perry Park. Al Korman, J.B. Smith, and Bill Almashy scored the other Sarnia TDs. Dave West scored the K-W touchdown.

Canadian university
Ontario Agricultural College 7 @ McMaster 13
Waterloo 0 @ Carleton 7

50 years ago
1968


At the movies
The Subject was Roses, directed by Ulu Grosbard and starring Patricia Neal, Jack Albertson, and Martin Sheen, opened in theatres.



Died on this date
Bea Benaderet, 62
. U.S. actress. Miss Benaderet was a live and voice actress who appeared in numerous radio programs, but was better known for her work in television. She played a supporting role in the comedy series The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show (1950-1959), and was nominated twice for Emmy Awards. Miss Benaderet provided the voice of Betty Rubble in The Flintstones (1960-1964), and starred as Kate Bradley in the comedy series Petticoat Junction (1963-1968). Miss Benaderet was a heavy smoker for many years, and died of lung cancer.

Politics and government
Four days of talks between British Prime Minister Harold Wilson and Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith on the issue of eventual black majority rule in Rhodesia concluded without agreement. The talks took place aboard the U.K. warship Fearless in the harbour of Gibraltar.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (7-3-1) 36 @ Hamilton (6-5) 23
Edmonton (6-6-1) 22 @ Winnipeg (2-10) 8

Russ Jackson threw 3 touchdown passes--2 to Whit Tucker--as the Rough Riders took a 36-8 lead after 3 quarters and coasted to victory over the Tiger-Cats before a record Civic Stadium crowd of 29,960.

Jim Thomas rushed for 2 touchdowns and Thermus Butler rushed for another to help the Eskimos eliminate the Blue Bombers from playoff contention before 12,000 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The highlight for the Blue Bombers was a 54-yard field goal by Pierre Guindon on the last play of the 1st half.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Summer Night City--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mexican Girl--Smokie

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to reprimand Reps. Edward Roybal (Democrat--California), Charlie Wilson (Democrat--California), and John McFall (Democrat--California) for their involvement in the South Korean influence-buying scandal, 16 days after a House ethics committee had recommended the censure of Rep. Roybal and reprimands for the others. Committee chairman Rep. John J. Flynt (Democrat--Georgia) criticized the House for reducing the censure of Rep. Roybal to a reprimand, saying that the committee had been prepared to recommend his expulsion from the House. Rep. Roybal was charged with taking $1,000 for his own use from S.K. businessman Tongsun Park in 1974 and lying repeatedly about it to the committee.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed into law a bill to reform the federal civil service system. The bill, which had been passed by Congress the previous week, would make it easier to reward good workers and fire incompetent ones.

Baseball
World Series
Los Angeles Dodgers 1 @ New York Yankees 5 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Yankees scored 3 runs in the 7th inning to provide insurance runs before 56,447 fans at Yankee Stadium, but the difference in the game was probably the defense of New York third baseman Graig Nettles, who made four spectacular plays and saved at least 4 runs.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Domino Dancing--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CKRA)
1 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin (4th week at #1)
2 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
3 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
4 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
5 The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue
6 Better Be Home Soon--Crowded House
7 Don't You Know What the Night Can Do--Steve Winwood
8 Forever Young--Rod Stewart
9 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
10 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera

Literature
The British government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher lost its lengthy battle to prevent the book Spycatcher by Peter Wright from being published when the Law Lords ruled that British media could publish extracts from the former MI5 officer's memoirs because it had already been published abroad. The Law Lords condemned Mr. Wright as a traitor for revealing security secrets.

Religion
Anastasio Cardinal Ballestrero, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Turin, announced that radiocarbon dating tests conducted in the U.S., U.K., and Switzerland determined that the shroud of Turin had probably not been made before 1260 and certainly not been made before 1200. The archbishop said that the church had never claimed the shroud as a holy relic, but that because of the image on the cloth it would continue to be regarded with veneration.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. deficit on merchandise trade had risen to $12.18 billion in August.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Living on My Own '93--Freddie Mercury (3rd week at #1)

Science
British-born Canadian Michael Smith was awarded the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with U.S. chemist Kary Mullis for work on DNA molecules of genetic material and site-directed mutagenesis.

Politics and government
Daniel Johnson, Jr., son of former Québec Premier Daniel Johnson, Sr., announces his candidacy for the leadership of the Québec Liberal Party.

Business
The Woolworth department store chain announced the closure of 900 stores in Canada and the United States.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Atlanta 3 @ Philadelphia 6 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Phillies scored 2 runs in each of the 2nd, 5th, and 6th innings as they defeated the Braves before 62,502 fans at Veterans Stadium to win their first National League pennant in 10 years.





20 years ago
1998


Labour
The National Basketball Association cancelled the first two weeks of the 1998-99 season when collective bargaining talks between owners and players broke down. Other weeks were lost as the 191-day lockout continued; the regular season did not open until February 5, 1999, and lasted just 50 of the usual 82 games. This was the longest work stoppage in league history.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Cleveland 5 @ New York 9 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Yankees took a 6-0 lead after 3 innings, but Jim Thome's grand slam climaxed a 5-run 5th inning to make the score 6-5. The Yankees scored 3 runs in the 6th, while Ramiro Mendoza pitched 3 scoreless innings of relief and Mariano Rivera pitched a scoreless 9th as the Yankees won the American League pennant before 57,142 fans at Yankee Stadium.





10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Alexei Cherepanov, 19
. Russian hockey player. Mr. Cherepanov played right wing with the Avangard Omsk of the Kontinental Hockey League and represented his country in international competition. He was drafted in the first round--17th overall--by the New York Rangers in the 2007 National Hockey League draft. Mr. Cherepanov had 8 goals and 5 assists in 15 games in the 2008-09 season, but collapsed after coming back to the bench at the end of a shift in the 3rd period of a game. Attempts to revive him were unsuccessful. Mr. Cherepanov's death was caused by an apparent heart condition, and it resulted in changes made to emergency preparation and procedures at hockey games in Russia.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average soared 936.42 points – it's largest one-day increase – ending eight consecutive days of stock market declines.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-12) 11 @ Montreal (10-5) 42
Saskatchewan (9-6) 5 @ Calgary (10-5) 42

Jamel Richardson caught 12 passes for 125 yards and 3 touchdowns, while quarterback Anthony Calvillo added a rushing touchdown to his passing TDs to help the Alouettes rout the Tiger-Cats before 20,202 fans at Molson Stadium.

Henry Burris threw touchdown passes to Ken-Yon Rambo, Jeremaine Copeland, and Nik Lewis to lead the Stampeders over the Roughriders before 35,650 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Tampa Bay 9 @ Boston 1 (Tampa Bay led best-of-seven series 2-1)

A 3-run home run by B.J. Upton and a solo homer by Evan Longoria in the top of the 3rd inning gave the Rays a 5-0 lead, and they coasted to victory before 38,031 fans at Fenway Park.



National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 7 @ Los Angeles 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Shane Victorino and Matt Stairs both hit 2-run home runs in the 8th inning as the Phillies came back from a 5-3 deficit to beat the Dodgers before 56,800 fans at Dodger Stadim.

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