Sunday, 21 October 2018

October 21, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Donna Morrow!

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Ernest Swinton
. U.K. military officer. Sir Ernest helped to devise the tank during World War I, and was credited with initiating the word "tank" to describe it. He rose to the rank of Major General, and died on January 15, 1951 at the age of 82.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland was founded.

125 years ago
1893


Football
ORFU
Round 1
Trinity College defaulted to Hamilton.

Round 2 (First games of 2-game total points series)
Osgoode Hall 34 @ Toronto 28
University of Toronto 7 @ Queen's College 27

100 years ago
1918


Politics and government
Former federal and provincial cabinet minister Charles Fitzpatrick took office as Lieutenant Governor of Québec.

Economics and finance
The government of Canada appointed a Canadian commercial commission for Siberia, based in Vladivostok.

90 years ago
1928


Americana
The state of New Jersey formally acquired the home in North Hackensack once occupied by General Frederick William von Steuben, who had been given the home because of his aid to Continental Army troops in the American Revolutionary War.

Transportation
The larges traffic jam in American history to date--25 miles in diameter--occurred when 150,000 people in automobiles, trains, buses, carriages, and afoot, went to Lakehurst, New Jersey to see the Graf Zeppelin. Another 100,000 people tried to get there, but didn't make it.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Dorothy Hale, 33
. U.S. socialite. Mrs. Hale was an aspiring actress who travelled in New York City art circles. After her husband, artist Gardner Hale, drove on a cliff in 1931, Mrs. Hale was left with severe financial difficulties, her acting career stalled, and she was forced to depend on wealthy friends and lovers to maintain her lifestyle. Mrs. Hale entertained some friends several hours before her death, went to the theatre, and then left friends at the 21 Club in New York to go home. She wrote several suicide notes and then jumped to her death from her 16th-floor apartment window. Mrs. Hale's suicide was commemorated by her friend Frida Kahlo's painting The Suicide of Dorothy Hale (1939).

75 years ago
1943


War
The Royal Canadian Navy Bangor Class minesweeper HMCS Chedabucto sank after a night collision with the cable vessel Lord Kelvin, 30 miles from Rimouski, Quebec; one officer was lost. The Soviet offensive in the Dnieper River bend carried to within 23 miles of Krivoi Rog. Allied forces in Italy seized Alife and Piedimonte d'Alife as they pushed nearer the northern end of the Germans' Mondragone-Venatro line. Japanese units made slight gains in the Satelberg-Son River area northwest and north of Finschhafen, New Guinea, infiltrating the Australian lines at night.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Lincoln McVeagh would be in Egypt to serve as Ambassador to the Greek and Yugoslavian governments in exile.

Politics and government
The Provisional Government of Free India, aka Azad Hind, was established in occupied Singapore. It was supported by the Axis powers and led by Indian nationalist Subhas Chandra Bose.

Argentine President General Pedro Ramirez named General Alberto Gilbert as Foreign Minister and Gen. Luis Perlinger as Interior Minister.

Society
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to repeal the Chinese exclusion laws in effect since 1882, and passed a bill giving China an immigration quota of 105 yearly.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Roosevelt accepted the resignation of Prentiss Brown as director of the Office of Price Administration.

70 years ago
1948


Defense
General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany visited Washington to confer on the Berlin situation with President Harry Truman and the National Security Council. He was promised an additional 66 C-54 transport planes for the airlift.

Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Illinois law that barred Progressive Party U.S. presidential candidate Henry Wallace from the state ballot.

Technology
Ultraflex, a radio device developed by RCA and Eastman Kodak for transmitting still and moving pictures, was publicly demonstrated for the first time, in Washington.

Academia
Heads of 17 Negro land-grant colleges concluded a three-day meeting in Washington by objecting to the proposed creation of a segregated regional university for the southern states.

Business
A U.S. federal court in New York fined the Rubber Manufacturers Association and eight corporations $50,000 for restraining competition in tire sales.

Disasters
A KLM airliner crashed in Scotland and killed 39 passengers, including KLM managing director Hendrik Veendendaal.

60 years ago
1958


World events
Elements of Bolivia's right-wing Socialist Falange failed in an attempt to seize high government officials and capture Militia Headquarters in La Paz.

Defense
American and Nationalist Chinese officials conceded Communist charges of U.S. naval activity in the Quemoy area.

Politics and government
The French National Assembly issued decrees fixing the new French Senate at 301 members and scheduled senatorial elections for March 1959.

The All-Algeria Committee of Public Safety was dissolved.

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (9-1) 27 @ London (5-4) 28

Gerry Thompkins scored 2 touchdowns for the second straight game, Al Bruno scored a touchdown for the second straight game, and Mr. Koska added a TD for the Lords as they edged the Golden Bears at Labatt Park to ruin Sarnia's bid for a perfect season. Al Pfeifer added a convert and 3 singles for London. J.B. Smith scored his 13th and 14th touchdowns of the season for the Golden Bears, with Eric McKeever and Chuck Stanley scoring the others. Gino Cappelletti added 2 converts and a single.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Nishitetsu Lions 6 @ Yomiuri Giants 1 (Nishitetsu won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Lions defeated the Giants before 20,961 fans at Korakuen Stadium in Tokyo to complete their comeback after losing the first 3 games in the series.



50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Get on Your Knees--Los Canarios (4th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Fire--Arthur Brown
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
4 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
5 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
6 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
7 Girl Watcher--The O'Kaysions
8 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
9 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
10 Suzie Q (Part Two)--Creedence Clearwater Revival

Singles entering the chart were Love Child by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#55); The Straight Life by Bobby Goldsboro (#61); Little Arrows by Leapy Lee (#65); Always Together by the Dells (#67); Chewy Chewy by Ohio Express (#77); Do Something to Me by Tommy James and the Shondells (#86); Baby, Let's Wait by the Royal Guardsmen (#87); Aunt Dora's Love Soul Shack by Arthur Conley (#88); From the Teacher to the Preacher by Gene Chandler and Barbara Acklin (#91); Kiss Her Now by Ed Ames (#93); How Lucky Can One Guy Be by the Uniques (#94); Bitter Green by Gordon Lightfoot (#96); Who's Making Love by Johnnie Taylor (#97); Harper Valley P.T.A. (Later that Same Day) by Ben Colder (#99); and Isn't it Lonely Together by Robert Knight (#100).

On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Greek Interpreter

Boxing
Curtis Cokes (54-9-3) retained his world welterweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Ramon La Cruz (88-6-12) at Municipal Auditorium in New Orleans.



40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Una donna per amico--Lucio Battisti

#1 single in Switzerland: You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Kiss You All Over--Exile (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 Summer Nights--John Travolta, Olivia Newton-John & Cast
3 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
4 Grease--Frankie Valli
5 Summer Night City--ABBA
6 It's Raining--Darts
7 Dreadlock Holiday--10 cc
8 Hot Shot--Karen Young
9 Guust Flater En De Marsupilami--Wij Zijn Twee Vrienden
10 Again and Again--Status Quo

Singles entering the chart were Dear John by Teach In (#24); Love Machine by Supermax (#29); Comes a Time by Neil Young (#32); The Longer the Distance by the Major Dundee Band (#36); and Neon City by Mistral (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
2 Kiss You All Over--Exile
3 Reminiscing--Little River Band
4 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
5 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
6 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey
7 MacArthur Park--Donna Summer
8 Right Down the Line--Gerry Rafferty
9 Who are You--The Who
10 Beast of Burden--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Alive Again by Chicago (#43); How You Gonna See Me Now by Alice Cooper (#84); Can You Fool by Glen Campbell (#85); Cuz it's You, Girl by the James Walsh Gypsy Band (#86); I Will Be in Love with You by Livingston Taylor (#87); Y.M.C.A. by the Village People (#88); So Young, So Bad by Starz (#90); and Soft and Wet by Prince (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder (2nd week at #1)
2 Kiss You All Over--Exile
3 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
4 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
5 Reminiscing--Little River Band
6 Don't Look Back--Boston
7 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
8 Who are You--The Who
9 Right Down the Line--Gerry Rafferty
10 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John

Singles entering the chart were Greased Lightnin' by John Travolta (#91); Dreadlock Holiday by 10 cc (#95); This is the Love by Paul Anka (#96); The Power of Gold by Dan Fogelberg/Tim Weisberg (#97); Hold the Line by Toto (#98); Louie, Louie by John Belushi (#99); and There'll Never Be by Switch (#100).

Died on this date
Anastas Mikoyan, 82
. U.S.S.R. politician. Mr. Mikoyan joined the Bolshevik movement in 1915 and held various posts in the government of the Soviet Union in a political career lasting 50 years. He retired after serving as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1964-1965.

Disappeared on this date
Frederick Valentich, 20
. Australian aviator. Mr. Valentich, a UFO enthusiast, was on a training flight in a Cessna 182 over Bass Strait when he told Melbourne air traffic control that his plane was handling roughly and that he was being approached by a craft that was "not an aircraft." All contact was then lost, but Mr. Valentich was never found. It has been speculated that Mr. Valentich ended up flying upside down and became disoriented.

Diplomacy
Cuban President Fidel Castro, in a conciliatory gesture to the United States, allowed 46 former political prisoners and 33 of their relatives to fly to Miami, eight days after the U.S. State Department that it had approved them for immigration, following a six-week screening to make sure there were no spies or terrorists among them.

Defense
French officials confirmed that France would sell China $700 million worth of missiles.

Hockey
NHL
Philadelphia 0 @ Toronto 2

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-10) 7 @ Montreal (7-7-1) 30
Ottawa (10-4) 17 @ British Columbia (5-7-2) 20

David Green rushed for 145 yards, including a 45-yard touchdown, to help the Alouettes beat the Argonauts before 45,547 fans at Olympic Stadium.

Lui Passaglia's fourth field goal of the game, with less than a minute remaining, gave the Lions their win over the Rough Riders before 20,971 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.

CIAU
St. Francis Xavier (5-1) 43 St. Mary's (3-3) 4
Acadia (4-2) 78 Mount Allison (1-5) 6
Prince Edward Island (3-3) 35 New Brunswick (2-4) 21
Quebec @ Trois Rivieres (1-5) 14 Concordia (0-6) 9
Queen's (6-0) 15 Bishop's (4-2) 14
Carleton (4-2) 24 Ottawa (2-4) 13
Western Ontario (6-1) 33 Wilfrid Laurier (5-2) 23
Waterloo (4-3) 26 York (4-3) 22
Windsor (4-3) 34 Toronto (1-6) 22
McMaster (2-5) 23 Guelph (2-5) 8
British Columbia (5-2) 30 @ Manitoba (0-8) 9
Calgary (5-2) 20 @ Alberta (5-2) 10

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 12 @ Yakult Swallows 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston

Scandal
Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, his wife Imelda, and eight others, including international arms merchant Adnan Khashoggi, were indicted by a U.S. grand jury in New York on charges of fraud and racketeering. Mr. Marcos was accused of embezzling more than $100 million from the Philippine government, which he allegedly used to buy three buildings in New York City. The other counts included the charge of fraudulently borrowing $165 million from U.S. banks to refinance the buildings and buy more property.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.3% in September.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (10-6) 21 @ Hamilton (8-8) 24

Tom Porras completed a 12-yard touchdown pass to Earl Winfield in the 4th quarter to provide the winning margin as the Tiger-Cats edged the Rough Riders before 13,702 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Melchior Ndadaye, 40
. President of Burundi, 1993. Mr. Ndadaye, the first Hutu President of Burundi, captured 65% of the vote in a democratic presidential election in June 1993, and his Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU) won 65 of 81 seats in the parliamentary election later in the month. Mr. Ndadaye took office on July 10, a week after a failed coup attempt, but he and six of his ministers were killed in an abortive coup by army paratroopers. The coup failed after Frfancois Ngeze, the civilian who had been installed as temporary head of state, refused to support the coup and called for Prime Minister Sylvie Kinigi to assume control, and key military leaders supported her.

Politics and government
This blogger attended a forum at Dinwoodie Lounge in the University of Alberta Students Union Building for the candidates in the riding of Edmonton Strathcona in the October 25 Canadian federal election. Reform Party candidate Hugh Hanrhahan was unable to be there, but first-year U of A law student Ezra Levant substituted for him, and did a fine job, responding to the New Democratic Party candidate's accusations of racism on the part of the Reform Party by saying, "Maybe you didn't hear my name: Ezra...Isaac...Levant!"

Diplomacy
Negotiators at the Egyptian resort of Taba agreed on the terms of the first large-scale release of Palestinian prisoners in almost 10 years.

Energy
A U.S. Senate and House of Representatives conference committee complied with the October 19 vote of the House to cancel the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) project, but left $640 million in the appropriations bill for the 1994 fiscal year to help cover the costs of closing the SSC, which had been under construction near Waxahachie, Texas, and would have allowed scientists to study collisions of atomic particles at high speeds in an attempt to better understand the nature of matter. The project was cancelled after $2 billion had already been spent because the estimated total cost had increased from $4.4 billion to $11 billion.

Chess
Gary Kasparov of Russia defeated Nigel Short of the United Kingdom 12.5-7.5 in London to win the world championship of the Professional Chess Association, which the two had founded after a dispute with the International Chess Federation (FIDE). Mr. Kasparov had been the FIDE-recognized world champion, and Mr. Short the FIDE-designated challenger. FIDE responded with its own world championship match in Jakarta, Indonesia between former world champion Anatoly Karpov of Russia and Jan Timman of the Netherlands, which began later than the Kasparov-Short match.

Baseball
World Series
Toronto Blue Jays 0 @ Philadelphia Phillies 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Curt Schilling pitched a 5-hit shutout and the Phillies scored single runs in each of the first 2 innings before 62,706 fans at Veterans Stadium. Juan Guzman started on the mound for Toronto and gave up 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 7 innings in taking the loss.



20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Francis W. Sargent, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Sargent, a Republican, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1967-1969 and Governor of Massachusetts from 1969-1975. He advocated protection of the environment, no-fault auto insurance, and racial balancing of school districts. He also instituted the weekend furlough program for convicts, which became infamous in the late 1980s when a violent criminal named Willie Horton raped a woman and beat her fiance while on a furlough during the time that Mr. Sargent's successor, Michael Dukakis, was Governor.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 3 @ San Diego Padres 0 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Andy Pettitte pitched 7 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Kevin Brown as the Yankees completed the Series sweep before 65,427 fans at Qualcomm Stadium. Bernie Williams drove in the winning run with a ground out in the 6th inning; the Yankees added 2 insurance runs in the 8th.

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