Sunday, 7 October 2018

October 3, 2018

1,200 years ago
818


Died on this date
Ermengarde of Hesbaye, 40 (?)
. Holy Roman Empress, 813-818. Ermengarde, the wife of Emperor Louis the Pious, was also Queen of the Franks from 814 until her death.

180 years ago
1838


Died on this date
Black Hawk, 71 (?)
. U.S. Indian leader. Black Hawk was a leader and warrior of the Sauk tribe in the midwestern United States. He fought on the side of the British during the War of 1812 and led a series of skirmishes against white U.S. authorities in 1832 that became known as the Black Hawk War.

100 years ago
1918


Europeana
Boris III acceded to the throne of Bulgaria upon the abdication of his father Ferdinand I.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
James McGuckin, 24
. U.S. government official. Mr. McGuckin was a customs guard who, on July 24, 1928, fatally shot Leo Boice, a longshoreman from Hoboken, New Jersey, during Mr. Boice's alleged attempt to smuggle two pint bottles of whiskey. Mr. McGuckin committed suicide by inhaling illuminating gas in his home in Jersey City.

Married on this date
Recently-retired world heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney and Mary Lauder were wed in Rome in civil and religious ceremonies at Hotel de Russie.

Defense
700 of the 3,800 U.S. Marines in China left Shanghai for San Diego.

Scandal
New York Governor Al Smith, responding to a letter from Dr. S.S. Wise, promised an investigation of a story that a state trooper had taken part in summoning a rabbi to a police station in Massena on Yom Kippur to account for the disappearance of a child in connection with a rumour of ritual murder. Mayor G.W. Hawes and the trooper, Corporal H.H. McCann, publicly expressed, in writing, regret for what they had done. Corp. McCann was reprimanded and suspended.

Disasters
The French 600-ton submarine Ondine, on her trial trip, with 3 officers and 40 men aboard, sank off Vigo, Portugal in a collision with the Greek steamer Goutandris.

Floods in Belgium broke dykes at Nieuport and Zeebrugge, with a one billion-franc loss in livestock and crops.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.S. troops on Vella Lavella Island in the central Solomons closed in on Japanese remnants on the north coast.

Abominations
German Wehrmacht forces murdered 92 civilians in Lyngiades, Greece.

World events
The Swedish government reported that more than 1,000 Danish Jews had escaped across the Oerseund Strait to Sweden.

Religion
New York Roman Catholic Archbishop Francis Spellman asked 75,000 people at a Holy Name Rally in New York to pray that Rome be spared from destruction.

Business
Brazilian President Getulio Vargas ordered the liquidation of 34 firms found to be of German ownership or under German control.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Ian Martin, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Frightened Bookkeeper

This was the last episode with Ian Martin as Dr. Watson; he was replaced by Wendell Holmes, acting under the name George Spelvin.

World events
Peruvian forces suppressed a revolt in the port of Callao staged by the leftist Apra Party and mutinous naval troops.

Diplomacy
Israel sent a note to the United Nations rejecting provisions of the Bernadotte peace plan calling for the surrender of the Negev desert to the Arabs

Labour
French coal miners struck against government plans for a 10% wage cut in the nationalized coal industry.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning and 4 in the 6th as they defeated the New York Yankees 10-5 before 31,304 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Boston center fielder Dom DiMaggio batted 3 for 4 with a home run and 2 runs, while his brother Joe, the New York center fielder, batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles and 3 runs batted in, and received a standing ovation from the Boston fans when he was replaced by pinch runner Steve Souchock in the 9th inning. Frankie Crosetti played the last 2 innings at second base for New York, with no plate appearances or fielding chances in the 1,683rd and last game of his 17-year major league career. It was the last game for Bucky Harris as manager of the Yankees.

The Detroit Tigers hit 7 doubles--3 by Vic Wertz--as they beat the Clevland Indians 7-1 before 74,181 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, dropping the Indians into a tie with the Red Sox for the American League lead with records of 96-58 at the end of the regular schedule, necessitating a 1-game playoff in Boston the following day. Hal Newhouser pitched a 5-hitter to finish the season with a record of 21-12, winning the pitching matchup over Bob Feller, who finished with a record of 19-15. Mike Garcia, the fifth of six Cleveland pitchers, allowed 3 hits, but no runs with 1 strikeout in 2 innings in his first major league game.

Steve Filipowicz ended his 57-game, 3-year major league career by singling home Bobby Adams with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 1-0 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 7,255 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Johnny Vander Meer pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Vic Lombardi, who pitched a 5-hit complete game. Cincinnati catcher Ray Lamanno batted 1 for 3 in the 442nd and last game of his 5-year major league career.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis (2nd week at #1)

Defense
Confirming the resumption of nuclear testing, the U.S.S.R. claimed that the move had been "forced" by U.S. and U.K. nuclear tests.

The U.S. Defense Department ended the secrecy classification of 650 million documents, all dating from before 1946.

Politics and government
At the demand of President Habib Bourguiba, Tunisia's ruling Neo-Destour Party revised its apparatus, dissolving the party's regional federations and reducing its local cells.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Community Relations: DR-10



Space
The satellite Aurorae (ESRO-1), a project of the European Space Research Organization, was launched atop a Scout rocket, carrying eight experiments designed to perform an integrated study of the high-latitude ionosphere.

World events
Peruvian military leaders ousted President Fernando Belaunde Terry, 55, in a bloodless coup, and put him on a plane to Buenos Aires. General Juan Velasco Alvarado, 58, Army chief of staff and president of the joint chiefs of staff, took over as President of the new "Revolutionary Government."

Politics and government
At a news conference in Pittsburgh, American Independent Party U.S. presidential candidate George Wallace introduced former Air Force Chief of Staff General Curtis LeMay as his vice presidential running mate.

Disasters
11 people were killed, 7 injured, and 32 missing when a truck plunged into a river south of Bangkok.

Baseball
World Series
Detroit Tigers 8 @ St. Louis Cardinals 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Mickey Lolich pitched a 6-hitter and hit his only major league home run to lead the Tigers to victory before 54,692 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium.



40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Great Expectations



Crime
William and Emily Harris, already serving a sentence of 11 years to life imprisonment for a shootout in Los Angeles during the 1974 kidnapping of newspaper heiress Patty Hearst, were sentenced from 10 years to life for the kidnapping of Miss Hearst. With time off for good behaviour and credit for time served, the couple could be released in 1983.

Disasters
All 12 VIP passengers and 3 crew members aboard a Finnish Air Force DC-3 were killed when it crashed.

Football
CIAU
Manitoba (0-5) 9 @ Alberta (4-1) 45

Kerry O'Connor caught 2 passes for 73 yards and 2 touchdowns and rushed 23 yards for another TD after recovering teammate Martin Pardell's fumble to help the Golden Bears rout the Bisons before 3,700 fans in the Golden Bears' first game ever at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
New York 7 @ Kansas City 1 (New York led best-of-five series 1-0)

Rookie pitchers Jim Beattie and Ken Clay combined to pitch a 2-hitter and Reggie Jackson hit a 3-run home run as the Yankees beat the Royals before 41,143 fans at Royals Stadium.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Desire--U2

Died on this date
Franz Josef Strauss, 73
. West German politician. Mr. Strauss, leader of the Christian Social Union, held various federal cabinet posts in West Germany from 1953-1962 and 1966-1969, and was Minister President of Bavaria from 1978 until his death, which occurred two days after collapsing with a heart attack while hunting.

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, concluding the four-day STS-26 mission, the first U.S. manned space mission since the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger on January 28, 1986.

Diplomacy
Libya and Chad, who had fought each other off and on for years until a cease-fire in September 1987, formally ended their state of war and resumed diplomatic relations. The two countries agreed to cooperate with the Organization for African Unity in determining sovereignty over the Aouzou strip in Chadian territory, which was currently occupied by Libya, and reportedly contained uranium. France retrained a 1,200-man force in southern Chad to shore up the regime.

Terrorism
Mithileshwar Singh, an Indian citizen with permanent alien-resident status in the United States and a professor at Beirut University, was freed by his captors in Beirut 19 months after being kidnapped, along with three American professors, by gunmen who had identified themselves as Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine. The terrorists had offered to release one hostage in return for U.S. support for the Palestinians. Mr. Singh said his three American colleagues were "OK." The U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan denied that any deal had been made to free any hostages.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Go West--Pet Shop Boys

War
In an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organization in Somalia, 18 U.S. soldiers and hundreds of Somalis were killed in heavy fighting in the First Battle of Mogadishu.

Politics and government
The French-language debate of the four major Canadian political party leaders took place as part of the federal election campaign.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-10) 16 @ Toronto (3-10) 17

Lance Chomyc kicked 3 field goals, a convert, and a single as the Argonauts edged the Rough Riders before 24,089 fans at SkyDome. Mr. Chomyc's single came on a missed field goal in the 3rd quarter and provided the winning margin, giving the Argonauts a 17-13 lead. Warren Hudson scored the only Toronto touchdown on a 1-yard rush in the 1st quarter. The Rough Riders scored their only touchdown in the 2nd quarter on a 46-yard pass from Tom Burgess to Stephen Jones. Ray Macoritti, playing his last CFL game, converted and added 3 field goals.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Roddy McDowall, 70
. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. McDowall began his acting career as an infant model, and was a chile actor before moving to the United States with his family in 1940. He appeared in numerous films, plays, and television programs, but was probably best known for co-starring in the movie Planet of the Apes (1968) and several sequels. Mr. McDowall died of lung cancer, 16 days after his 70th birthday.

Music
Neil Young, Willie Nelson, and Hootie and the Blowfish were among the artists who performed at the Farm Aid '98 concert in Tinley Park, Illinois.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-9) 18 @ Toronto (8-6) 15

Quarterback Reggie Slack rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and cornerback Todd McMillon took a lateral and returned an interception 29 yards for another TD to help the Roughriders defeat the Argonauts before 15,272 fans at SkyDome.

CIAU
British Columbia 34 (3-1) @ Saskatchewan (4-0) 38
Manitoba (0-4) 24 @ Alberta (1-4) 28

Baseball
American League Division Series
Cleveland 2 @ Boston 1 (Cleveland won best-of-five series 3-1)

National League Division Series
Atlanta 6 @ Chicago 2 (Atlanta won best-of-five series 3-0)
Houston 1 @ San Diego 2 (San Diego led best-of-five series 2-1)

10 years ago
2008


Abominations
The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, a $700-billion financial industry bailout, was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush.

Labour
Oxford University Press laid off the entire staff of the Canadian Oxford Dictionary because of declining sales.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (9-5) 24 @ Toronto (4-10) 20
Calgary (9-5) 34 @ Saskatchewan (9-5) 37

Buck Pierce passed for 2 touchdowns and handed off to Charles Roberts for a 1-yard TD for the Lions as they beat the Argonauts before 28,273 fans at Rogers Centre.

Michael Bishop passed for 242 yards and a touchdown to help the Roughriders defeat the Stampeders before 30,945 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina.

CIS
Manitoba (2-3) 8 @ Simon Fraser (4-2) 10

Baseball
American League Division Series
Chicago 2 @ Tampa Bay 6 (Tampa Bay led best-of-five series 2-0)
Boston 7 @ Los Angeles 5 (Boston led best-of-five series 2-0)

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