Monday, 22 October 2018

October 22, 2018

140 years ago
1878


Politics and government
The Conservative government of Premier Simon Holmes took office in Nova Scotia, replacing the Liberal government of Premier Philip Hill.

Sport
The first rugby match under floodlights took place in Salford, England between Broughton and Swinton.

130 years ago
1888


Baseball
World Series
New York Giants 12 St. Louis Browns 5 @ Philadelphia (8 innings) (New York led best-of-ten series 5-1)

The Giants trailed 3-0 after 1 inning and 4-1 after 5 innings, but scored 3 runs in each of the 6th and 7th innings and 5 in the top of the 8th to defeat the Browns before 3,281 fans at Philadelphia Baseball Grounds in a game called after 8 innings because of darkness. Mickey Welch gave up 3 hits in pitching a complete game for his first win of the series, while losing pitcher Elton Chamberlain gave up 13 hits in pitching a complete game while absorbing his second loss of the series. The Browns made 7 errors and the Giants 5. It was the last World Series game ever played at a neutral site.

120 years ago
1898


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway launched the 835-ton steamboat Moyie at Nelson, British Columbia; it was prefabricated in Toronto for Yukon service on the Stikine River in northern British Columbia.

Football
ORFU
Osgoode Hall (1-2) 8 @ Hamilton (2-1) 13
Ottawa (3-0) 18 @ Toronto (0-3) 1

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
John Gould
. U.S. writer. Mr. Gould was an essayist and columnist who wrote from his farm in Lisbon Falls, Maine. He wrote a column for The Christian Science Monitor for over 60 years, and his work was widely distributed throughout the United States and Canada. Mr. Gould also wrote 30 books. He died on September 1, 2003 at the age of 94.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Lou Klein
. U.S. baseball player, manager, and coach. Mr. Klein was an infielder with the St. Louis Cardinals (1943, 1945-1946, 1949); Cleveland Indians (1951) and Philadelphia Athletics (1951), batting .259 with 16 home runs and 101 runs batted in in 305 games. His best season was his first, when he hit .287 with 7 homers and 62 RBIs in 154 games to help the Cardinals win the National League pennant. Mr. Klein served in World War II during the 1944 and part of the 1945 seasons, and jumped to the Mexican League partway through 1946. He returned to the Cardinals when the ban on those who'd jumped to the Mexican League was lifted. Mr. Klein managed in the minor leagues in the 1950s, and was one of the members of the "College of Coaches," Chicago Cubs' owner Phil Wrigley's experiment of rotating coaches within the organization from 1961-1965. Mr. Klein was the Cubs' head coach three times during this span, compiling a record of 65-82. He remained a scout with the Cubs organization, and died of a stroke on June 20, 1976 at the age of 57.

Died on this date
Myrtle Gonzalez, 27
. U.S. actress. Miss Gonzalez appeared in at least 78 films from 1913-1917 and was Hollywood's first star of Hispanic ancestry. She was a victim of the influenza epidemic.

Health
Northumberland County, New Brunswick reported 1,118 cases of influenza. The Chatham Gazette reported that in Newcastle “there is hardly a house where there is not one or more cases” of the epidemic.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Andrew Fisher, 66
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1908-1909, 1910-1913, 1914-1915. Mr. Fisher, a native of Scotland who moved to Australia in 1885, was a miner who joined the Labour Party. He represented Gympie in the Queensland Legislative Assembly (1893-1896, 1899-1901); represented Wide Bay in the Australian Parliament (1901-1915); and led the Labour Party from 1907-1915. Mr. Fisher led a minority government in his first term as Prime Minister, and the world's first majority Labour Party government in his second term. His first majority government enacted numerous reforms, including the introduction of old-age pensions and paper currency; the formation of the Royal Australian Navy; and the founding of Canberra. Mr. Fisher resigned as Prime Minister and from Parliament in October 1915; he served as Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (1915-1921), and lived in England for the rest of his life. Mr. Fisher was showing signs of dementia when he succumbed to the influenza epidemic.

Defense
The 46-page White Paper on Naval Disarmament, issued by the British Foreign Office, revealed that Foreign Secretary Sir Austen Chamberlain, in return for French concessions at sea, withdrew the British objection to French military hegemony on land.

The U.S. Supreme Court declined to review three cases involving seizures of vessels--two British and one French--outside the three-mile limit. The court's action was in denial of writs of certiorari seeking to have it take jurisdiction, and no opinion was rendered.

Crime
Thomas Ryan, veteran of the prohibition force, was shot in the back and wounded as he was standing in the courtroom of Commissioner Edwin H. Walker in Chicago, waiting to testify in a liquor case.

Academia
Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity was founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus.

Disasters
Eight men were killed in an explosion in a coal mine at McAlpin, West Virginia.

80 years ago
1938


Football
IRFU
Ottawa (2-1) 6 @ Toronto (3-0) 10
Montreal (0-3) 3 @ Hamilton (1-2) 17

WIFU
Regina (4-4) 6 @ Winnipeg (6-2) 19
Calgary (6-2) 4 @ Edmonton (0-8) 0

ORFU
Toronto (1-2) 3 @ Montreal (2-0-1) 4
Sarnia (1-1-1) 2 @ Peterborough (1-2) 3

Fritz Hanson scored 3 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers over the Roughriders at Osborne Stadium.

The Bronks scored a single in each quarter as they shut out the Eskimos at Clarke Stadium. The Bronks finished first in the Western Interprovincial Football Union on the basis of points for and against in the game between Calgary and Winnipeg.

Canadian university
Queens (0-3) 5 @ McGill (3-0) 17
Toronto (1-2) 2 @ Western Ontario (2-1) 3

WCIRU
Saskatchewan (1-2) 1 @ British Columbia (3-0) 2

Ralph Henderson punted for a single in the 1st quarter and Mr. Roberts rouged Bud Weaver in the 3rd quarter to break a 1-1 tie as the Thunderbirds edged the Huskies at Athletic Park in Vancouver to clinch the Hardy Cup championship. The Huskies scored their point in the 2nd quarter when UBC's Tommy Williams was rouged.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS

War
HMCS Portage was commissioned at Esquimalt, British Columbia. The U.S. Navy announced that three 45,000-ton aircraft carriers, 12,000 tons larger than any previously built, were to be contracted. A German U-boat landed at Martin Bay on the coast of Labrador, 25 miles south of Cape Chidley, to set up an automatic weather station; it transmitted data to the German Navy for three months before shutting down, and wasn't discovered until July 1981. In the second firestorm raid on Germany, the U.K. Royal Air Force conducted an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless. Soviet forces gained 3-6 miles, cutting the Denpropetrovsk-Krivoi Rog railway, and reached Iskrovka, 18 miles north of Krivoi Rog. Allied troops and air assaults broke the Japanese effort to reach the coast north of Finschhafen, New Guinea.

Diplomacy
The American-Swedish News Exchange reported that Nobel prizes would not be awarded again in 1943.

Protest
Detroit Negroes Charles Lyon and Leon Tipton were convicted as the principal inciters of the race riots that had begun in Detroit on June 20.

Law
U.S. Justice Department official Edward Ennis announced that the ban on issuance of writs of habeas corpus for persons held by the military in Hawaii must stand.

Society
The first Pan-Am Demographic Congress ended its session in Mexico City and announced the establishment of a permanent committee to study immigration problems.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Treasury announced that it would cease coining the new zinc-steel pennies, which when new were confused with dimes. The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee voted to abolish the 5% Victory Tax, substituting a 3% tax on low incomes now reached only through the Victory Tax, and to raise the normal income levy from 6%-10%.

Labour
The U.S.National Association of Broadcasters issued a statement condemning the American Federation of Musicians offer to permit recordings on payment of fees to the union.

Disasters
The Indian government announced that 8,667 people in Calcutta had died of starvation since August 1.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Ray Brewster, 26.
U.S. musician. Mr. Brewster was a country singer who performed on radio in Tennessee. He was killed in a car accident in the Loudon, Tennessee area while fleeing Sheriff Henry McDonald, who had a warrant for Mr. Brewster's arrest on a larceny charge. Stanley Kiser, Mr. Brewster's friend and the only passenger in Mr. Brewster's car, later testified that the two had each had two drinks of whiskey in Chattanooga and then had each consumed several beers in a tavern near Loudon before attempting to flee Sheriff McDonald, who, with siren on, twice sideswiped Mr. Brewster's car before pulling ahead.

War
Israeli and Egyptian forces stopped fighting in accordance with the new United Nations cease-fire order, with Israel claiming control over the entire Negev desert.

Diplomacy
Western delegates to the United Nations Security Council rejected a U.S.S.R. proposal for simultaneous lifting of the Berlin blockade and introduction of Soviet-zone currency throughout the city. They demanded an end to the blockade before the start of currency negotiations.

British Commonwealth countries ended a two-week conference in London after endorsing the United Kingdom's association with the Western European Union.

Technology
Xerography, an inkless printing reproduction process invented by Chester Carlson, was publicly demonstrated for the first time, in New York.

Scandal
A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington began investigation of columnist Drew Pearson's charges that House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee Chairman J. Parnell Thomas (Republican--New Jersey) had received kickbacks from employees of his congressional office who had done no work.

Business
A U.S. federal court in Pittsburgh fined five paint and varnish firms and six officers $42,500 for conspiring to fix prices.

60 years ago
1958


At the movies
The Last Hurrah, produced and directed by John Ford, and starring Spencer Tracy, Jeffrey Hunter, Basil Rathbone, and others, received its premiere screening in Boston.

Theatre
The Pleasure of His Company, a comedy by Samuel Taylor and Cornelia Otis Skinner, directed by Cyril Ritchard, and starring Mr. Ritchard and Miss Skinner, opened at the Longacre Theatre on Broadway in New York.

Space
An attempt to fire a two-stage Sparrow Bee rocket to an altitude of 300 miles over Churchill, Manitoba failed when the missile veered off course and was destroyed. The rocket--the 60th to be fired at Churchill in International Geophysical Year experiments--reached a height of 100 miles and was still in its first stage when it strayed a few degrees from the planned course; a radio signal was tripped which cut off the rocket's fuel, and it crashed in Hudson Bay, 45 miles to the east of the launch site. The rocket consisted of a 26-foot Aerobee-Hi with a smaller Sparrow missile set in the nose, to have been launched when the first stage burnt out. It carried 55 pounds of scientific equipment, intended to test the density of meteorite dust in the upper atmosphere. Spokesmen in Churchill said that the test was at least partially successful, as a radio transmitter in the nose cone sent back scientific data until the rocket was destroyed.

Defense
Two Bomarc missiles launched within a 13-second span at Cape Canaveral, Florida successfully intercepted their targets, two unmanned B-17s. The missiles were launched after buttons were pressed at a computer centre in Kingston, New York, 1,500 miles away.

Diplomacy
Charging that American aid was aimed at acquisition of foreign military and missile bases, U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev rejected proposals for a joint East-West program to aid backward areas.

Blanche Meagher was appointed Canadian Ambassador to Israel, becoming Canada's first woman ambassador.

Politics and government
Martial law went into effect throughout Bolivia.

Stephen Juba was re-elected to his second two-year term as Mayor of Winnipeg, easily defeating his two opponents.

Disasters
All 26 passengers and 5 crewmen aboard a British Super Viscount airliner died when the plane collided with an Italian Air Force fighter over Nettuno, Italy.

Boxing
Canadian middleweight champion Wilf Greaves (24-9-1) knocked out Billy Tuck (28-5-1) at 2:31 of the 3rd round of a middleweight bout at Kentucky State Fairgrounds in Louisville.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

On the radio
Stories of Crime and Detection on BBC Radio 4
Tonight's episode: The Blue Carbuncle, read by Norman Shelley

Space
The Apollo 7 crew of Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, and Walt Cunningham splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean, 325 miles south of Bermuda and just one-third of a mile from their target, ending their 11-day mission.



World events
Arnulfo Arias, who had been deposed by a coup on October 11 after just 10 days in office as President of Panama, flew to Washington from the Canal Zone and "symbolically" occupied the Panamanian embassy for a day, asserting that he was still his country's constitutional President.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Edgar Benson brought down his budget, proposing serious changes to tax savings plans and capital gains.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Kiss You All Over--Exile (2nd week at #1)

Religion
Pope John Paul II was installed in an open-air ceremony in St. Peter's Square in Rome, following the precedent set by his most recent predecessor, John Paul I, in eschewing the papal tiara and throne.

Diplomacy
Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping began an eight-day visit to Japan, marking what Japanese businessmen saw as "totally a new age" in Sino-Japanese trade and cooperation.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 2 @ New York Rangers 5

Football
CFL
Calgary (7-4-3) 35 @ Hamilton (4-9-1) 1
Winnipeg (9-5) 13 @ Saskatchewan (3-11-1) 7

James Sykes rushed for 103 yards and 3 touchdowns, while Ken Johnson passed for 276 yards to help the Stampeders rout the Tiger-Cats before 21,178 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium, clinching Calgary's first playoff spot in seven years.

The Saskatchewan defense stopped the Winnipeg offense twice on third-down gambles in the 1st half and made 4 interceptions during the game. The Roughriders, with Larry Dick at quarterback, were leading the Blue Bombers 6-4 midway through the 4th quarter before 19,614 fans at Taylor Field in Regina when Ron Lancaster, playing the final home game in his 19-year CFL career, relieved Mr. Dick and threw an interception to Gary Rosolowich. The Blue Bombers promptly tied the game on a field goal by Bernie Ruoff with 2:14 remaining. The Roughriders failed to gain a first down on the subsequent possession, and Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock completed a 51-yard pass to Gord Paterson and scored the only touchdown on a 2-yard quarterback sneak with 33 seconds remaining; Steve Dennis blocked Mr. Ruoff's convert attempt. Brian O'Hara then fumbled Mr. Ruoff's kickoff, Darrell Penner recovered for Winnipeg at the Saskatchewan 10-yard line, and Mr. Brock grounded the ball twice to end the game.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 0 @ Yakult Swallows 4 (Yakult won best-of-seven series 4-3)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Desire--U2

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Teardrops--Womack & Womack

#1 single in France (SNEP): Un Roman d'amitié (Friend You Give Me Reason)--Elsa and Glenn Medeiros (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Orinoco Flow--Enya

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
2 Red Red Wine--UB40
3 What's on Your Mind (Pure Energy)--Information Society
4 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
5 Don't You Know What the Night Can Do?--Steve Winwood
6 Kokomo--The Beach Boys
7 Don't Be Cruel--Bobby Brown
8 Don't Be Cruel--Cheap Trick
9 Love Bites--Def Leppard
10 Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi

Singles entering the chart were Welcome to the Jungle by Guns 'N' Roses (#48); Till I Loved You by Barbra Streisand and Don Johnson (#55); Early in the Morning by Robert Palmer (#66); I Remember Holding You by Boys Club (#76); Handle with Care by the Traveling Wilburys (#80); Put This Love to the Test by Jon Astley (#85); Silhouette by Kenny G (#87); (It's Just) The Way that You Love Me by Paula Abdul (#89); The Way You Love Me by Karyn White (#90); and Boy, I've Been Told by Sa-Fire (#91).

Died on this date
Cynthia Freeman, 73
. U.S. authoress. Miss Freeman, whose real name was Bea Feinberg, specialized in novels about multi-generational Jewish families, with a female protagonist. Her best-known novel was No Time for Tears (1981). Miss Freeman died of cancer.

Politics and government
Lubicon First Nation Chief Bernard Ominayak and Alberta Premier Don Getty agreed on setting aside 205 square kilometres for a Cree band reserve in northern Alberta.

Football
CFL
Calgary (5-11) 3 @ Ottawa (2-14) 19

The Rough Riders defeated the Stampeders before a Lansdowne Park crowd announced at 16,237 for their only win at home all year, in a snowstorm that was steady enough that fans were building snowmen in the stands. At the end of the game, Ottawa quarterback Roy Dewalt led his teammates into the stands to thank the fans for their support. It was the second and last win for Ottawa head coach Bob Weber.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 5 @ Chunichi Dragons 1 (Seibu led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
Merian Frederick
. U.S. medical patient. Ms. Frederick, who had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, was assisted in committing suicide by "Dr." Jack Kevorkian.

Innes Ireland, 63. U.K. auto racing driver. Mr. Ireland entered 53 Formula One races from 1959-1966, with his only win coming in the U.S. Grand Prix in 1961. He died of cancer.

Politics and government
The final Reform Party rally in Edmonton prior to the October 25 Canadian federal election took place at the Universiade Pavilion, featuring party leader Preston Manning.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (10-6) 19 @ Ottawa (3-13) 17

Sean Fleming's fifth field goal of the game, a 23-yard kick with 50 seconds remaining in regulation time, provided the winning margin as the Eskimos edged the Rough Riders before 19,580 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Ottawa kicker Paul McCallum kicked 3 field goals, and had a chance to tie the game with a 33-yard field goal attempt in the final seconds, but the kick went wide for a single point. Mr. Fleming also scored 2 singles, and the Edmonton defense sacked Ottawa quarterback Tom Burgess for a safety touch. The Rough Riders scored the game's only touchdown on a 57-yard pass from Mr. Burgess to Walter Stanley in the 2nd quarter. It was the first CFL game--and the only one in an Edmonton uniform--for linebacker Mike Kerr.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Eric Ambler, 89
. U.K. author and screenwriter. Mr. Ambler was known for spy thriller novels such as The Mask of Dimitrios (1939) and Journey Into Fear (1940). He was nominated for an Academy Award for his screenplay for The Cruel Sea (1953).

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yokohama BayStars 2 @ Seibu Lions 7 (Yokohama led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
2008


Space
India launched its first unmanned lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1.

Economics and finance
The Canadian dollar dropped below 80c U.S. for the first time since mid-2005.

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Phillies 3 @ Tampa Bay Rays 2 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Chase Utley hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 1st inning and Cole Hamels won the pitchers' duel over Scott Kazmir as the Phillies edged the Rays before 40,783 fans at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg.

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