Wednesday, 17 October 2018

October 17, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dave Cutler!

150 years ago
1868


Died on this date
Laura Secord, 93
. American-born Canadian war heroine. Mrs. Secord, born Laura Ingersoll, was the daughter of a Patriot officer from Massachusetts who became opposed to the persecution of Loyalists in that state and obtained a land grant in Upper Canada, moving there with his family in 1795. Miss Ingersoll married James Secord, who served in the British forces during the War of 1812. Mrs. Secord reportedly saved her husband's life when he was wounded in 1813; while she was nursing him back to health, she became aware of an American attack at Beaver Dams on the Niagara Peninsula, and reportedly walked 20 miles on the morning of June 22 to warn the British forces, who then prepared and were able to win the battle. The account of Mrs. Secord's walk has been disputed by some.

140 years ago
1878


Politics and government
Sir John A. Macdonald took office as Prime Minister of Canada for the second time, replacing Alexander Mackenzie's Liberal government. Mr. Macdonald's Conservative government included a cabinet of Samuel Leonard Tilley (Minister of Finance); Charles Tupper (Minister of Public Works); J. H. Pope (Minister of Agriculture); John O'Connor (President of the Privy Council); James Macdonald (Minister of Justice); and Hector Langevin (Postmaster General).

130 years ago
1888


Movies
Thomas Edison filed a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Browns 3 @ New York Giants 0 (Best-of-ten series tied 1-1)

Elton Chamberlain pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Welch and the Browns scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to ensure victory before 5,575 fans at the Polo Grounds.

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, 85
. 3rd President of France, 1873-1879. The Duke of Magenta was a Marshal of France in a military career spanning more than four decades. He served in Algeria and was Governor General of Algeria from 1864-1870, and was a member of the French Senate during the same period. As President, Count Magenta restrained anti-Catholic secular parties, while not supporting the restoration of the monarchy. He resigned after losing parliamentary support.

110 years ago
1908


Football
ORFU
Toronto (1-0) 30 Peteroboro (0-1) 0

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Rita Hayworth
. U.S. actress. One of the biggest stars of the 1940s, Miss Hayworth, born Rita Cansino, starred in such movies as Blood and Sand (1941); The Strawberry Blonde (1941); Gilda (1946); The Lady from Shanghai (1948); Pal Joey (1957); Separate Tables (1958); They Came to Cordura (1959); and The Story on Page One (1959). She was probably the first famous person to be publicly revealed to be suffering from Alzheimer's disease, and her plight helped to increase public awareness of the disease. Miss Hayworth died on May 14, 1987 at the age of 68.

Ralph Wilson. U.S. football owner. Mr. Wilson was a minority owner of the Detroit Lions before founding the Buffalo Bills at the beginning of the American Football League in 1959, and he owned the team until his death at the age of 95 on March 25, 2014. Mr. Wilson was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 2009.

90 years ago
1928


Disappeared on this date
Retired U.K. Royal Navy Lieutenant Commander H.C. MacDonald started across the Atlantic Ocean from Newfoundland for London in a Gypsy Moth De Havilland biplane at 1:21 P.M., with a favouring wind. The plane's motors were heard and the plane was sighted at 7:30 P.M. by the Dutch steamer Hardenberg 700 miles at sea, but nothing was seen or heard of the plane after that.

Boxing
Jim Braddock (32-5-6) won a 10-round decision over Pete Latzo (90-26-5) in a light heavyweight bout at Newark Armory; Mr. Braddock broke Mr. Latzo's jaw in four places.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces broke through German defenses on the west bank of the Dnieper River below Kremenchug to get behind the German forces in Dnepropetrovsk.

Abominations
The Nazi-operated Sobibór extermination camp in Poland was closed.

World events
The Swedish liner Gripsholm, carrying Japanese nationals from the United States, arrived at Mormugao, Portuguese India.

Transportation
The Burma Railway (Burma–Thailand Railway) was completed.

Labour
Most of Alabama's 22,000 striking coal miners ignored pleas from United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis and the National War Labor Board to return to work.

Tennis
Francisco Segura of Ecuador defeated Bill Talbert of the United States to retain the men's singles title at the Pan-American championships in Mexico City.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: Black Peter

Literature
The New York Herald Tribune listed The Naked and the Dead by Norman Mailer as the best-selling non-fiction book, and How to Stop Worrying and Start Living by Dale Carnegie as the best-selling non-fiction book.

War
The Chinese Nationalist 60th Army, attempting to fight its way from Changchun to Mukden, mutinied and surrendered to Communist forces.

Defense
The U.S. Air Force urged 10,000 air veterans to volunteer for duty in the Berlin airlift and on European B-29 bases.

Protest
Italian Communists began a month-long series of anti-American rallies, charging the United States with attempting to bring Italy into a military alliance directed against the U.S.S.R.

Crime
The Greek government announced that Greek Communist Party Central Committee member Adam Mouzenides had killed CBS correspondent George Polk in Salonika in May.

Labour
Ruling on a strike in Chicago by the United Electrical Workers Union, a National Labor Relations Board trial examiner concluded that mass picketing was "intimidatory and coercive" and violated the Taft-Hartley Act.

Football
IRFU
Hamilton (1-7-1) 1 @ Montreal (4-4) 19

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)

Defense
The British Foreign Office announced that reduction of British forces in West Germany would be postponed would be postponed from 1959 to 1960.

Politics and government
The Lebanese Parliament approved the country's new cabinet.

Crime
A Fulton County grand jury in Atlanta indicted four men on charges of bombing the Temple in Atlanta.

Boxing
Pat McMurtry (30-2-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over George Chuvalo (15-3-1) in a heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 3 @ Nishitetsu Lions 5 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-2)

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Police Commission: DR-13



At the movies
Bullitt, directed by Peter Yates and starring Steve McQueen, Robert Vaughn, and Jacqueline Bisset, opened in theatres.

Diplomacy
Canadian External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp cancelled all Canadian ministerial exchanges and visits "of a political content" with the U.S.S.R. and its Warsaw Pact allies, two months after Soviet tanks had invaded Czechoslovakia to end the "Prague Spring."

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 6 @ Hankyu Braves 5 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-1)

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Nancy



Died on this date
Giovanni Gronchi, 91
. President of Italy, 1955-1962. Mr. Gronchi, a member of the Italian People's Party from 1919-1926 and a Christian Democrat from 1943 on, was Minister of Industry and Trade (1944-1946); President of the Chamber of Deputies (1948-1955); and Senator for Life (1962-1978). His presidency was marked by a failed "opening to the left," an attempt to bring Socialists and Communists into the government.

George Clark, 88. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Clark participated in the 1913 Indianapolis 500, starting 27th and finishing 10th.

Environment
U.K. Scottish Secretary Brian Millan announced that, due to public pressure, the number of seals to be killed in the annual cull in the Orkneys and Western Islands was being reduced from 4,300 to 2,000.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 7 @ Los Angeles Dodgers 2 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Bucky Dent and Brian Doyle each drove in 2 runs and Reggie Jackson finished the scoring with a 2-run home run in the 7th inning before 55,985 fans at Dodger Stadium as the Yankees won their second straight World Series championship. Catfish Hunter was the winning pitcher over Don Sutton.



Nippon Series
Yakult Swallows 0 @ Hankyu Braves 5 (Hankyu led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Im Nin'alu--Ofra Haza (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Glory Enough for All: Part II, on CBC

This two-part made-for-television movie about the discovery of insulin was directed by Eric Till and starred R.H. Thomson as Frederick Banting and Robert Wisden as Charles Best.

Abominations
The Supreme Court of Canada removed the last major barrier to universal suffrage in Canada, granting institutionalized mental health patients the right to vote.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 6 Montreal 2

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

Football
CFL
Hamilton (6-10) 10 @ Saskatchewan (9-7) 33

Kent Austin passed to Ray Elgaard and Don Narcisse for touchdowns and handed off to Darrell Wallace for 2 more as the Roughriders easily beat the Tiger-Cats before 21,772 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Cornell Burbage scored the only Hamilton touchdown on a 22-yard pass from Don McPherson in the 4th quarter.

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Phillies 6 @ Toronto Blue Jays 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

The Phillies scored 5 runs in the top of the 3rd inning--3 on a home run by right fielder Jim Eisenreich--to take a 5-0 lead against Toronto starting pitcher Dave Stewart, and held on to even the series before 52,062 fans at SkyDome. Joe Carter hit a 2-run homer off Philadelphia starter Terry Mulholland to get the Blue Jays on the scoreboard in the bottom of the 4th, and scored another run in the 6th to knock Mr. Mulholland out of the box. Philadelphia center fielder Lenny Dykstra homered off Tony Castillo to lead off the 7th, providing an insurance run. Mr. Mulholland gave up 7 hits and 3 runs--all earned--to get the win, and Mitch Williams pitched the final 1 2/3 innings to get the save. Mr. Stewart took the loss, allowing 6 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 6 innings.



20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Joan Hickson, 92
. U.K. actress. Miss Hickson appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 65 years. She was best known for playing Miss Marple in 12 television programs from 1984-1992. Miss Hickson died of a stroke.

Football
CFL
Montreal (10-5-1) 36 @ Toronto (9-7) 28

Tracy Ham passed for 2 touchdowns and handed off to Mike Pringle for 2 more to help the Alouettes beat the Argonauts before 24,230 fans at SkyDome.

CIAU
Saskatchewan (4-1) 16 @ Alberta (2-4) 24

Baseball
World Series
San Diego Padres 6 @ New York Yankees 9 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Tino Martinez's grand slam climaxed a 7-run 7th inning as the Yankees came back from a 5-2 deficit to defeat the Padres before 56,712 fans at Yankee Stadium.



10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
Nicolas Sarkozy gave the first speech ever delivered by a French President to the Quebec National Assembly, saying that Quebec’s deep ties with France should never become the wedge that divides a united Canada.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (10-6) 43 @ Edmonton (9-7) 28

The Lions, trailing 28-23 after 3 quarters, rallied for 3 touchdowns in the 4th quarter to defeat the Eskimos before 34,342 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Charles Roberts rushed 2 yards for his second TD of the game early in the quarter, and then Buck Pierce, who passed for 378 yards in the game, completed touchdown passes of 31 yards with less than 9 minutes remaining and 36 yards wit 54 seconds remaining. Mr. Pierce also completed a 25-yard TD pass to Paris Jackson on the last play of the 1st quarter. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray completed 24 of 33 passes for 367 yards and touchdowns to Calvin McCarty, Maurice Mann, and Kelly Campbell. A. J. Harris rushed 2 yards for the other Edmonton touchdown, but the Lions outrushed the Eskimos 141 yards to 32.

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