Sunday, 28 October 2018

October 27, 2018

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
William Gillies
. Australian politician. Mr. Gillies, a member of the Labour Party, represented Eacham in the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 1912-1925. He held several posts before serving as Premier and Treasurer of Queensland from February-October 1925. Mr. Gillies resigned from politics in October 1925 to become a member of the newly-established board of trade and arbitration, serving there until his sudden death on February 9, 1928 at the age of 59.

130 years ago
1888


Baseball
World Series
New York Giants 7 @ St. Louis Browns 18 (New York won best-of-ten series 6-4)

The Browns trailed 4-1 after 3 innings, but scored 5 runs in the top of the 4th, 5 in the 6th, and 4 in the 7th as they routed the Giants before just 412 fans at Sportsman's Park. Elton Chamberlain pitched a complete game for his second win of the series against three losses. Cannonball Titcomb made his first appearance of the series on the mound for New York and pitched 4 innings in taking the loss. He was relieved by Gilbert Hatfield, who pitched the last 5 innings. Bill George, who had been the losing pitcher in game 9, played in the outfield and hit the Giants' only home run of the series. Tip O'Neill and Tommy McCarthy homered for the Browns; for Mr. O'Neill, it was his second home run in as many games. The Giants made 8 errors and the Browns 3.

125 years ago
1893


Society
Lady Aberdeen, wife of the Governor General of Canada, chaired the first meeting of the National Council of Women of Canada, at a public session in the Horticultural Pavilion of the Allen Gardens in Toronto, attended by over 1,500 women; an advocacy group, linked to the International Council of Women, to improve the status of women. Lady Aberdeen served as the Council's first president until her resignation in 1899.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Teresa Wright
. U.S. actress. Miss Wright was one of the most appealing actresses of the 1940s, winning the Academy Award for her supporting performance in Mrs. Miniver (1942). Her other movies included The Little Foxes (1941); The Pride of the Yankees (1942); Shadow of a Doubt (1943); and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). Miss Wright died on March 6, 2005 at the age of 86.

War
U.K. Royal Flying Corps Major Billy Barker, from Dauphin, Manitoba, stumbled into a single-handed battle with more than 60 Fokker aircraft, shooting down a German Rumpler two-seater and three Fokker D VII fighters though wounded three times and while fainting twice from the pain; he crash-landed his Sopwith Snipe behind British lines in the Mormal forest in France. According to Colonel Andrew MacNaughton, Maj. Barker's dogfight was seen by Canadian troops, who cheered loudly during the battle. Maj. Barker was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions this day.

90 years ago
1928


Football
IRFU
Ottawa 0 @ Montreal 21
Toronto 2 @ Hamilton 14

WCRFU
Semi-Final
Winnipeg St. John's 1 @ Regina 12

ARU
Edmonton (3-1) 4 @ Calgary (2-1) 1

Beano Wright scored 10 points in the 2nd quarter on a touchdown, convert, field goal, and rouge to give the Winged Wheelers an 11-0 halftime lead over the Senators at Molson Stadium. Red Moore and Clary Foran scored touchdowns in the 2nd half for Montreal. Ottawa's Yip Radley struck referee John De Gruchy after the game, and was banned for life as a result.

Mr. LaPointe scored a touchdown on a recovery of an onside kick in the 4th quarter to help the Roughriders defeat St. John's at Parc de Young.

With the score tied 0-0 in the 2nd quarter at Hillhurst Park, Calgary's Ken McCallum rushed 90 yards for an apparent touchdown. Under the rules then in place, the ball had to actually be touched down on the ground in order for it to be called a touchdown. Mr. McCallum neglected to do this, and tossed the ball to Mr. Eby of the Eskimos. The play was then ruled a rouge for Calgary, giving the Tigers a 1-0 halftime lead. In the 2nd half, Mr. Jones punted for 3 singles and Mr. Kinney scored a rouge to provide the Edmonton scoring.

Canadian university
Queen's 16 @ Toronto 4

WCIRU
Manitoba (1-2) 6 @ Alberta (2-0) 20

Mr. Carter scored 10 points on a touchdown, convert, field goal, and single to help the Tricolor to victory before 18,000 fans at Varsity Stadium. Mr. Durham scored the other Queen's touchdown on a 35-yard rush in the 3rd quarter. Warren Snider scored all the Toronto points in the 1st quarter.

Freddy Hess scored 15 points on 2 touchdowns, 2 converts, and 3 singles to lead Alberta over Manitoba at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Mr. MacDougall scored the other Alberta touchdown on a recovery of a blocked punt. Mr. MacDonald scored the Manitoba touchdown, converted by Mr. Robson.

80 years ago
1938


On the radio
Columbia Workshop, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Air Raid

This drama written by Archibald Macleish was described as a "play in verse," and contained slight similarities to the Mercury Theatre of the Air presentation of The War of the Worlds three days later.

Technology
Du Pont announced that its new synthetic yarn would be called nylon.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces gained up to 18 miles in a westward push from Melitopol into the Nogaisk Steppe. Germans closed the Norway-Sweden border after moving up additional troops. Yugoslavian partisans reported fierce battles at Brcko on the Sava River, 80 miles west of Belgrade, and along both the Hungarian and Albanian borders. British troops pushed a wedge within 11 miles of the strategic central Italian communications centre of Isernia. U.S. and N.Z. troops landed against light resistance on Mono and Stirling Islands in the northern Solomons.

Defense
The former French liner SS Normandie, now the U.S. transport USS Lafayette, was turned back to the Navy after salvage work costing $4.5 million placed her back on an even keel in the Hudson River.

Medicine
The Journal of the American Medical Association reported that a new sulfa drug, desoxyephedronium sulfathiazole, brought prompt relief from colds and seemed to shorten their duration.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Judah Leon Magnes, 71
. U.S. clergyman. Rabbi Magnes was one of the leading figures in Reform Judaism in the 20th century. He was a leader of the pacifist movement during World War I, and helped found the American Jewish Committee in 1906. Rabbi Magnes also helped in the founding of Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1918, serving as its first chancellor (1925) and later, as its president (1935-1948). Rabbi Magnes believed that Israel should be a nation for both Jews and Arabs. He died of a heart attack.

War
Iraqi troops in Palestine opened a drive in the Nablus area southeast of Haifa.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Oil Workers Union and Shell Oil Company signed an agreement providing for a 12 1/2% wage increase, the first break in the 53-day strike of West Coast oil refinery workers.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (5th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
2 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
3 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
4 The Day the Rains Came--Jane Morgan
--Raymond Lefevre and his Orchestra
5 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
6 The End--Earl Grant
7 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
8 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
9 For My Good Fortune/Gee, But it's Lonely--Pat Boone
10 Mexican Hat Rock--The Applejacks

Singles entering the chart were Tunnel of Love by Doris Day (#58); Scene of the Crime by Dinah Shore (#59); and Almost in Your Arms by Johnny Mathis (#60).

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. "categorically" rejected U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower's plea for a one-year nuclear test suspension, charging that the American proposal "does not actually mean the cessation of tests at all."

Defense
U.S. President Eisenhower issued the first nationwide plan for civil defense mobilization, a 32-page paper explaining government, industry, and public responsibilities.

West Germany objected to French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's proposal for a U.S.-U.K.-French political directorate to coordinate North Atlantic Treaty Organization policies.

World events
Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, was deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Mohammed Ayub Khan, who had been appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mr. Mirza 20 days earlier.

Politics and government
Nigerian tribal and political chiefs approved the United Kingdom's offer of independence and plans for the creation of a Nigerian federal government and Parliament.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Argentina signed an agreement in Moscow giving Argentina $100 million in credits to purchase Soviet oil machinery.

Disasters
A gas explosion at the Pocahantas Fuel Company's mine in Bishop, Virginia killed 22 miners.

Boxing
Donnie Fleeman (26-2) knocked out former world heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles (94-23-1) at 2:13 of the 6th round at Memorial Auditorium in Dallas. Mr. Charles was knocked down twice in the 5th round, and took the 10-count on one knee.

Football
CFL
WIFU
Calgary (6-9-1) 10 @ Winnipeg (12-3) 37

Leo Lewis scored 3 touchdowns to help the Blue Bombers rout the Stampeders before 15,612 fans at Winnipeg Stadium, eliminating Calgary from playoff contention and giving the Saskatchewan Roughriders the third and final playoff spot in the Western Interprovincial Football Union. Mr. Lewis scored his first touchdown on a 17-yard pass from quarterback Jim Van Pelt and rushed for his other TDs. Tony Kehrer rushed for a Winnipeg touchdown, and Mr. Van Pelt completed a WIFU record 107-yard touchdown pass to Ernie Pitts. Mr. Van Pelt kicked 5 converts and a single, and Charlie Shepard punted for a single. Nobby Wirkowksi completed a 9-yard pass to Barry Cyr for the Calgary touchdown at 1:08 of the 4th quarter. Doug Brown converted and added a field goal.

50 years ago
1968


Protest
An estimated 6,000 marchers demonstrating against the Vietnam War clashed with police outside the U.S. embassy in London.

Olympics
The Summer Olympic Games closed in Mexico City.

Football
CFL
Toronto (9-4) 12 @ Hamilton (6-7) 1
Winnipeg (2-13) 22 @ Edmonton (8-6-1) 32

The Argonauts amassed 547 yards in total offense to just 147 for the Tiger-Cats as they defeated the defending Grey Cup champions before 24,206 fans at Civic Stadium. Hamilton defensive back Garney Henley suffered a season-ending knee injury.

Thermus Butler rushed for a pair of 1-yard touchdowns in the 4th quarter to help the Eskimos defeat the Blue Bombers before 15,011 fans at Clarke Stadium for their fourth straight win. Garry Lefebvre scored the first Edmonton TD on a 59-yard pass from Frank Cosentino in the 1st quarter, and Randy Kerbow, holding on placekicks, rushed 17 yards on a fake field goal midway through the 2nd quarter for the other Edmonton TD. Winnipeg quarterback John Schneider completed touchdown passes of 18 yards to Dave Raimey, 6 yards to Butch Pressley, and 45 yards to Ken Nielsen in the 4th quarter. The Eskimos made 6 interceptions.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Substitute--Clout (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize, for signing the Camp David Accords.

Crime
Four people were killed and four others seriously wounded after a gunman went on a shooting spree in the West Midlands in England.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 @ Toronto 4
New York Rangers 6 Vancouver 2

Football
CIAU
Saskatchewan (3-5) 11 @ Calgary (6-2) 26

Harry Kruger recovered a fumbled punt in the Saskatchewan end zone for a touchdown and Paul Colborne passed 41 yards to Grant Newell for a touchdown with 33 seconds remaining as the Dinosaurs, who trailed 11-3 in the 3rd quarter and 11-9 after 3 quarters, scored 17 points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Huskies before 4,000 fans at McMahon Stadium to clinch a playoff spot. Randy Yano scored the Saskatchewan touchdown on a 66-yard punt return with 36 seconds remaining in the 1st quarter.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Domino Dancing--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Charles Hawtrey, 73
. U.K. actor and musician. Mr. Hawtrey, born George Frederick Joffre Hartree, was a singer and pianist, but was best known as a comic actor who had a long career on stage, screen, and television. He was best known as a regular cast member of the Carry On movies, appearing in more than 20 films in the series from 1958-1972. Mr. Hawtrey was a heavy drinker and smoker; he died shortly after falling and breaking his leg and refusing an operation to amputate his legs in order to save his life.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan suspended construction of the new U.S. embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure.

Economics and finance
The Soviet government revealed that the U.S.S.R. had experienced huge budget deficits for years, but they had not been publicly disclosed. The deficit for 1988 was estimated at the equivalent of $58 billion U.S.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Chunichi Dragons 6 @ Seibu Lions 7 (Seibu won best-of-seven series 4-1)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Living on My Own '93--Freddie Mercury (5th week at #1)

Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 0 @ Yakult Swallows 1 (Yakult led best-of-seven series 3-1)

20 years ago
1998


Journalism
The Toronto-based daily newspaper National Post published its first edition.

10 years ago
2008


Scandal
U.S. Senator Ted Stevens (Republican--Alaska) was convicted of seven corruption charges for lying about free home renovations and other gifts from a wealthy oil contractor. A judge later dismissed the case, saying prosecutors had withheld evidence.

Baseball
World Series
Tampa Bay Rays 2 @ Philadelphia Phillies 2 (suspended after 5 1/2 innings because of rain) (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Rays tied the game with a run in the top of the 6th inning before play was called. Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig ruled that the game would be suspended rather than called, as would be the usual practice. The game was resumed two days later.

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