Wednesday, 10 October 2018

October 8, 2018

225 years ago
1793


Died on this date
John Hancock, 56.
U.S. politician. Mr. Hancock was President of the Continental Congress from 1775-1777 and Governor of Massachusetts from 1780-1785 and 1787 until his death, which came after years of poor health. He's mainly known for his signature on the Declaration of Independence.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
John Henninger Reagan
. U.S. and C.S. politician. Mr. Reagan, a Democrat, sat in the Texas House of Representatives from 1847-1849 and represented the state's 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1857-1861. He joined the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union, serving as C.S. Postmaster General from 1861-1865 and acting Secretary of the Treasury from April 27-May 10, 1865. He returned to the U.S. House, representing Texas' 1st District from 1875-1883 and the 2nd District from 1883-1887. Mr. Reagan represented Texas in the United States Senate from 1887-1891, resigning to become chairman of the Railroad Commission of Texas, a position he held until 1903. He died on March 6, 1905 at the age of 86.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Clarence Williams. U.S. musician. Mr. Williams, who was born either in 1893 or 1898, was a jazz pianist, composer, and producer from the 1910s through the 1930s who played on numerous recordings with other bands, as well as leading his own band. He died on November 6, 1965 at the age of 67 or 72.

120 years ago
1898


Football
ORFU
Ottawa (1-0) 27 @ Osgoode Hall (0-1) 3
Toronto (0-1) 4 @ Hamilton (1-0) 24

CIRFU
Queen's (0-1) 2 @ McGill (1-0) 3

This was the first game played under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union, later known as the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union, and now Canadian Interuniversity Sports.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Jens Christian Skou
. Danish chemist and physiologist. Dr. Skou was awarded a share of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase." He died on May 28, 2018 at the age of 99.

War
After his platoon suffered heavy casualties during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in France's Forest of Argonne, U.S. Army Corporal Alvin York earned the Medal of Honor when he led the 7 remaining men on an attack against a German machine gun nest, killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others. Coulson Mitchell of Winnipeg saved a bridge from demolition during the 2nd Battle of Cambrai, earning the Victoria Cross for valour.

Football
CPFL-high school
Pre-season
Ottawa Senators (1-0) 16 Ottawa Collegiate Institute (0-1) 1

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Anthony de Simone
; U.S. clergyman. John Rose, 70. U.S. businessman. Rev. de Simone, priest at St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Beaumont, Texas and Mr. Rose, a statuary and candle dealer, were shot to death in the study of Rev. de Simone's home.

Larry Semon, 39. U.S. actor and film director. Mr. Semon was a major figure in silent movie comedy, beginning his career in 1915. He eventually directed and produced his films, often at high cost, leading to his financial ruin. Mr. Semon is best known today for The Wizard of Oz (1925). He suffered a nervous breakdown while performing on the vaudeville circuit and was sent to a sanatorium in Victorville, California, where he reportedly died of pneumonia and tuberculosis.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to review lower court decisions that Canadians working in the U.S.A. were not liable for an immigration fee when crossing the border.

Society
32 deaths from poisoned liquor--mostly wood alcohol--since October 6 led New York City police to begin wholesale raids on speakeasies. A U.S. federal grand jury also got busy on the issue.

Journalism
Harold J.T. Horan of New York, correspondent of Universal Service (Hearst newspapers), was arrested by Secret Service agents, who had been investigating the diplomatic leak leading to the September 20 publication of the text of the secret memorandum of instructions sent to the French embassy in Washington in connection with the Anglo-French naval accord. Mr. Horan, after examination, was, he claimed, forced to sign an agreement to leave France, which he did.

Crime
$300,000 worth of unset diamonds were stolen from two dealers in holdups in New York City.

Scandal
Norman H. White, publisher and one-time candidate for the Republican Party nomination for Governor of Massachusetts, was sentenced in Boston from 3-5 years in State's Prison on one of eight indictments charging larceny of $469,000 from Boston banks through loans obtained by false representation of his financial condition.

Disasters
Fire killed 20 convicts in the brickmakers' dormitory at Ohio State Prison in Junction City.

An earthquake frightened the Mexican Congress into adjournment, killing three people and rocking 10 states.

80 years ago
1938


Football
IRFU
Montreal (0-1) 0 @ Ottawa (1-0) 37
Hamilton (0-1) 8 @ Toronto (1-0) 21

WIFU
Winnipeg (3-2) 0 @ Calgary (3-2) 14
Regina (4-1) 17 @ Edmonton (0-5) 0

The Tigers set an IRFU team record for a single game with 188 yards in punt returns in their loss to the Argonauts at Varsity Stadium.

Canadian university
Toronto (1-0) 13 @ Queen's (0-1) 6
Western Ontario (0-1) 1 @ McGill (1-0) 4

WCIRU
British Columbia (1-0) 40 @ Alberta (0-1) 11

Tommy Williams rushed 75 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to climax a brilliant afternoon as the Thunderbirds routed the Golden Bears at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.

Baseball
World Series
Chicago Cubs 2 @ New York Yankees 5 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Monte Pearson pitched a 5-hitter and the Yankees scored 2 runs in each of the 5th and 6th innings to erase a 1-0 deficit before 55,236 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe Gordon and Bill Dickey each hit a home run for the Yankees, while Joe Marty homered for the Cubs. Clay Bryant started on the mound for the Cubs and pitched 5 1/3 innings in taking the loss.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Dundas Separation Case

War
Soviet bridgeheads on the west bank of the Dnieper River were widened, and U.S.S.R. tank units converged on Kiev from the rear. Yugoslavian radio reported that U.S. and U.K. officers were at partisan headquarters in Yugoslavia. The Egyptian government reported fighting between Greek guerrillas and German troops on Crete at Vianno and Hierapetra. Allied Southwest Pacific Headquarters announced that the Japanese had abandoned their base at Vila on the southern shore of Kolombangara Island in the central Solomons.

Abominations
About 30 civilians were executed by Fritz Schubert's German paramilitary group in Kallikratis, Crete.

Baseball
Little World Series
Columbus Red Birds (AA) 4 Syracuse Chiefs (IL) 2 (Columbus won best-of-seven series 4-1)

70 years ago
1948


Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly elected Norway, Cuba, and Egypt to replace Belgium, Colombia, and Syria as temporary members of the Security Council.

Defense
General Sir William Slim, hero of the Burma campaign against the Japanese during World War II, was appointed to succeed Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery as U.K. Imperial chief of staff.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Post Office and Civil Service Committee announced that a 1950 legislative reapportionment would give seven additional House seats to California and one seat each to Florida, Indiana, Michigan, Oregon, Texas, and Washington.

Former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss filed a second libel suit for $25,000 in Baltimore against Time editor Whittaker Chambers, charging further slanderous remarks concerning Mr. Hiss' alleged Communist connections.

Crime
Iva Toguri D'Aquino was charged in San Francisco with treason for making radio propaganda broadcasts in Japan during World War II.

Oil
Israel announced the signing of agreements with the Shell and Socony Vacuum oil companies, guaranteeing the country an adequate supply.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America convention in Cincinnati indirectly endorsed Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey for President of the United States, by adopting a resolution condemning President Harry Truman and stating that "the other major party candidate" had never acted against the UMW.

A U.S. federal district court in New York fined the Congress of Industrial Organizations Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Workers Union $20,000 for picketing two department stores in violation of an anti-strike injunction. It was the first such ruling under the Taft-Hartley Act.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Braves 0 @ Cleveland Indians 2 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Gene Bearden pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Vern Bickford before 70,306 fans in the first World Series game ever played at Municipal Stadium. The Indians scored single runs in the 3rd and 4th innings.



60 years ago
1958


Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly elected Italy, Tunisia, and Argentina to fill non-permanent Security Council seats.

Defense
The United States halted the 7th Fleet's escort activity in the Formosa Strait. The U.S. State Department announced that "barring unforeseen developments," U.S. troops would be "totally withdrawn from Lebanon" by the end of October.

Politics and government
Turkish Foreign Minister Fatin Rustu Zorlu rejected Archbishop Makarios' plan for an independent Cyprus as a "subterfuge" to bring about "Greek domination of Cyprus."

Education
A U.S. district court in Harrisonburg, Virginia ruled that public funds and publicly-paid teachers could not be used in makeshift "private" schools unless the schools admitted Negroes.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 4 @ Milwaukee Braves 3 (10 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Gil McDougald led off the top of the 10th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie and Bill Skowron singled home Elston Howard with 2 out as the Yankees edged the Braves before 46,367 fans at County Stadium. Hank Aaron singled home Johnny Logan with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th and advanced to third base on a single by Joe Adcock, but Bob Turley relieved Ryne Duren and retired pinch hitter Frank Torre on a line drive to Mr. McDougald at second base to end the game.



50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Hey Jude--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Romeo & Juliet, directed by Franco Zeffirelli, and starring Leonard Whiting and Olivia Hussey, opened in theatres in the United Kingdom.

Diplomacy
Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban presented a nine-point Middle East peace plan to the United Nations General Assembly. The Israeli program provided for withdrawal of Israeli troops from Arab territories in exchange for secure boundaries; a mutual non-aggression pact; open frontiers; freedom of navigation; solution of the Arab refugee problem; new arrangements for Jerusalem's religious shrines; mutual recognition of sovereignty; and regional cooperation.

Disasters
18 people were killed when two buses plunged over cliffs in provincial areas of South Korea.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (14th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jim Gilliam, 49
. U.S. baseball player and coach. "Junior" Gilliam was a second baseman and third baseman with the Baltimore Elite Giants of the Negro National League (1946-1950), and, following two seasons with the Montreal Royals of the International League, the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers (1953-1966). He was the National League Rookie of the Year in 1953, batting .278 with 6 home runs and 63 runs batted in in 151 games, leading the National League with 17 triples. Mr. Gilliam played 1,956 regular season games, batting .265 with 65 home runs and 558 runs batted in. He was a member of World Series championship teams in 1955, 1959, 1963, and 1965. Mr. Gilliam began coaching with the Dodgers while he was still playing in 1964, and was still a coach when he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage on September 15, 1978. He died nine days before his 50th birthday, and two days before the Dodgers opened the World Series at home against the New York Yankees.

War
A cease-fire between Syrian troops and Christian troops went into effect in East Beirut.

Sport
Australia's Ken Warby set the world water speed record of 317.60 miles per hour at Blowering Dam, Australia.

Auto racing
Gilles Villeneuve of Canada earned his first Formula One win, winning the Canadian Grand Prix in Montreal.

Football
CFL
Montreal (6-6-1) 35 @ Saskatchewan (3-9-1) 35

Bob Macoritti's 44-yard field goal attempt with 22 seconds left in the game was wide, but went for a single to give the Roughriders their tie against the Alouettes in an entertaining game before 20,907 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.





CIAU
Alberta (5-1) 14 @ Saskatchewan (2-4) 8
Manitoba (0-6 14 @ Calgary (4-1) 35

Martin Pardell rushed 26 times for 102 yards and a touchdown to help the Golden Bears beat the Huskies before 1,000 fans at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon. The Golden Bears, as a team, rushed 62 times for 265 yards.

Paul Colborne, making his first start at quarterback, completed only 6 of 13 passes, but they went for 177 yards and 4 touchdowns--2 each to Grant Newell and John Tietzen--helping the Dinosaurs beat the Bisons at McMahon Stadium. Pat McCune led the Calgary rushing attack with 21 carries for 142 yards.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Stop--Sam Brown (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Un Roman d'amitié (Friend You Give Me Reason)--Elsa and Glenn Medeiros (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Desire--U2 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Desire--U2

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Bites--Def Leppard

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Bites--Def Leppard
2 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
3 Red Red Wine--UB40
4 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
5 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses
6 Don't Be Cruel--Cheap Trick
7 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera
8 What's on Your Mind (Pure Energy)--Information Society
9 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
10 I Hate Myself for Loving You--Joan Jett & the Blackhearts

Singles entering the chart were Kissing a Fool by George Michael (#48); Domino Dancing by Pet Shop Boys (#75); Symptoms of True Love by Tracie Spencer (#80); Spy in the House of Love by Was (Not Was) (#84); Any Love by Luther Vandross (#87); Small World by Huey Lewis and the News (#88); and I Did it for Love by Night Ranger (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera
2 Don't Be Cruel--Cheap Trick
3 True Love--Glenn Frey
4 It Would Take a Strong Man--Rick Astley
5 Forever Young--Rod Stewart
6 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
7 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses
8 Don't You Know--Steve Winwood
9 Love Bites--Def Leppard
10 Monkey--George Michael

Singles entering the chart were Big League by Tom Cochrane and Red Rider (#76); Fight (No Matter How Long) by the Bunburys (#85); And When She Danced by David Foster and Marilyn Martin (#87); Walk on Water by Eddie Money (#89); King of Emotion by Big Country (#90); Waiting for a Star to Fall by Boy Meets Girl (#92); Heaven in My Hands by Level 42 (#94); Time and Tide by Basia (#95); Walk on Through by Rita MacNeil (#97); and I'm Not Your Man by Tommy Conwell and the Young Rumblers (#99).

Football
CFL
Toronto (10-4) 52 @ Ottawa (1-13) 3

Gilbert Renfroe passed for 248 yards and 2 touchdowns, while Reggie Pleasant intercepted 3 passes and returned one for a touchdown as the Argonauts routed the Rough Riders before 18,527 fans at Lansdowne Park.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Boston 6 @ Oakland 10 (Oakland led best-of-seven series 3-0)

The Athletics trailed the Red Sox 5-0 after 1 1/2 innings before 49,261 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, but came back with 4 runs in the bottom of the 2nd and 2 in the 3rd to take a lead that they kept for the rest of the game. Gene Nelson, who relieved starting pitcher Bob Welch in the 2nd inning, picked up his second straight win, while Boston starter Mike Boddicker, who was relieved after 2 2/3 innings, was charged with the loss.



National League Championship Series
Los Angeles 4 @ New York 8 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Mets scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Dodgers before 44,672 fans at Shea Stadium. Randy Myers, the third New York pitcher of the game, was the winning pitcher, while Los Angeles reliever Alejandro Pena took the loss. Jay Howell took the mound for Los Angeles to begin the bottom of the 8th, but was ejected when umpire Harry Wendelstedt, in response to a request from New York manager Davey Johnson, inspected Mr. Howell and found pine tar on his glove. Mr. Howell was suspended for the following three games.



20 years ago
1993


Diplomacy
The United Nations officially lifted economic sanctions against South Africa.

Transportation
Financial agreements were finalized for the building of a bridge from Prince Edward Island to the mainland of New Brunswick.

Economics and finance
Moody's Investment Services downgraded Nova Scotia's rating from A2 to A3 despite Premier John Savage's provincial budget that included tax increases.

Football
CFL
Sacramento (4-10) 27 @ British Columbia (9-6) 23

The Gold Miners trailed 20-4 in the 2nd quarter and 23-12 in the 4th quarter before erupting for 15 points late in the game to record the first road win in their history before 30,615 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Cornerback Less Browne returned an interception 34 yards for a touchdown in the first 2 minutes of the game, and Danny Barrett completed a 15-yard pass to Lonnie Turner for the other B.C. touchdown. Sacramento quarterback David Archer completed a 17-yard pass to Joe Johnson for a TD in the 2nd quarter. With B.C. leading 23-12, Sacramento kicker Jim Crouch scored a single on a missed field goal before Mr. Archer connected with Titus Dixon for a 33-yard touchdown. The Gold Miners recovered a short kickoff, and Mr. Archer threw 26 yards to Mr. Johnson for the winning touchdown.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Chicago 6 @ Toronto 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The White Sox scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and another in the 4th as they beat the Blue Jays before 51,783 fans at SkyDome. Wilson Alvarez pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitching matchup over Pat Hentgen.

20 years ago
1998


Diplomacy
Canada was elected to a seat on the United Nations Security Council.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
San Diego 3 @ Atlanta 0 (San Diego led best-of-seven series 2-0)

The Padres scored a run in the top of the 6th inning and 2 in the 9th to shut out the Braves before 43,083 fans at Turner Field, as Kevin Brown pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Glavine.



10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
George Emil Palade, 95
. Romanian-born U.S. biologist and physician. Dr. Palade, who has been called "the most influential cell biologist ever," moved to the United States in 1946. He shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Albert Claude and Christian de Duve "for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell."

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