Thursday, 11 October 2018

October 10, 2018

150 years ago
1868


Caribbeana
Carlos Céspedes issued the Grito de Yara from his plantation, La Demajagua, proclaiming Cuba's independence from Spanish rule.

Academia
Collège Saint-Joseph de Memramcook opened in Moncton, New Brunswick as the first Acadian institution of higher education. It was one of three colleges that merged in 1963 to become the Université de Moncton.

Football
R. Tait Mackenzie authored the first written account of a football game played in Quebec, at the St. Catherine Street cricket grounds between a team of officers from the English troops garrisoned in Montreal and a team of civilians, mainly from McGill University.

140 years ago
1878


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie and his Liberal government resigned, 23 days after losing the federal election to a Conservative/Liberal-Conservative coalition led by former Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald.

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
Lip Pike, 48
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Pike was an outfielder with various professional teams in various leagues from 1865-1881, plus one game in 1887. He led the National Association in home runs from 1871-1873, and led the National League in homers in 1877. Mr. Pike hit .321 with 15 home runs in 260 NA games from 1871-1875; .304 with 5 homers and 88 runs batted in 162 games in the National League; and 0 for 4 in 1 game in the American Association. He managed the Troy Haymakers for 4 games in 1871, posting a 1-3 record, and was 3-11 in 14 games as manager of the Cincinnati Red Stockings in 1877. In his one full season as a manager, Mr. Pike led the Hartford Dark Blues to a 17-37 record in 1874. He was blacklisted from the National League in 1881 because of suspicions abut his poor play, and became a haberdasher before being reinstated in 1883. Mr. Pike died of heart failure.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Johnny Green
. U.S. songwriter and composer. Mr. Green wrote jazz standard songs such as Body and Soul and Out of Nowhere, and won Academy Awards for his scores for Easter Parade (1948); An American in Paris (1951); West Side Story (1961); and Oliver! (1968). He won another Oscar as the producer of Overture to The Merry Wives of Windsor (1953), which was named Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel. Mr. Green died on May 15, 1989 at the age of 80.

Baseball
World Series
Chicago Cubs 10 @ Detroit Tigers 6 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Cubs scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning, hitting 6 straight singles with 1 out to defeat the Tigers before 10,812 fans at Bennett Park.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Yigal Allon
. Prime Minister of Israel, 1969. General Allon, born Yigal Peikowitz, joined the paramilitary organization Haganah in 1931, participating in the Arab Revolt (1936-1939) and various other actions. After Israel gained her independence in 1948, Gen. Allon commanded troops in the Arab-Israeli War (1948). He resigned from the military in 1950, and went into politics, representing various factions in the Knesset. Mr. Allon held various cabinet posts from 1961-1977, including Minister of Foreign Affairs (1974-1977). When Prime Minister Levi Eshkol died on February 26, 1969, Deputy Prime Minister Allon was appointed interim Prime Minister, serving until March 17, when Golda Meir took office as Prime Minister after being named leader of the Labour Party. Mr. Allon died of heart failure on February 29, 1980 at the age of 61; at the time of his death, he was challenging Shimon Peres for leadership of the two-party Alignment.

Died on this date
Henry Dobson, 76
. Australian politician. Mr. Dobson represented Brighton in the Tasmanian House of Assembly from 1891-1900, serving as Leader of the Opposition from 1891-1892 and Premier of Tasmania from 1892-1894. He represented Tasmania in the Australian Senate from 1901-1910.

War
The Irish mailboat RMS Leinster was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine UB-123, killing 564 men, the worst-ever such incident in the Irish Sea.

Health
The influenza epidemic began its Quebec peak, killing 500 people in Quebec City and 3,500 in Montreal from October 10-20.

Football
CPFL-high school
Pre-season
Ottawa Senators (2-0) 11 Ottawa Collegiate Institute (0-2) 5

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Charles Smith
. U.S. engineer. Mr. Smith was killed in western Jalisco by Mexican "rebels."

Politics and government
Chiang Kai-shek was inaugurated as Chairman of the Republic of China.

Aviation
The U.S. Navy dirigible Los Angeles returned to Lakehurst, New Jersey after a five-day voyage to San Antonio and back.

Religion
The 49th General Triennial Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church of America opened in Washington with an address of welcome from U.S. President Calvin Coolidge, in which he declared that organized government and organized society were inadequate to serve the needs of mankind without the inspiration of faith and devotion to religion.

80 years ago
1938


Diplomacy
The Munich Agreement ceded the Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany.

Football
WIFU
Regina (3-3) 3 @ Calgary (4-2) 5
Winnipeg (4-2) 25 @ Edmonton (0-6) 12

ORFU
Peterborough (0-1) 6 @ Montreal (1-0) 24
Sarnia (1-0) 8 @ Toronto (0-1) 6

Eddie O'Brien and Bob Fritz scored touchdowns for the Eskimos, both converted by Harold Sutton, in their loss to the Blue Bombers at Clarke Stadium. The TDs were the second and third--and last--of the season for the Eskimos.

WCIRU
British Columbia (2-0) 13 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 6

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces in Ukraine strengthened their bridgeheads on the west bank of the Dnieper River in the face of heavy German counterattacks. Allied forces punched a new salient into the front near the centre of Italy by taking Pontelandolfo, 22 miles northwest of Benevento. Yugoslavian partisans attacked Trieste, Italy, forcing the Germans back into the city's centre.

Abominations
In the Double Tenth Massacre during Operation Jaywick, 57 innocent civilians in Singapore were arrested and tortured--15 fatally--by the Kempeitai (Japanese Military Police) on suspicion of involvement in a raid on Singapore Harbour resulting in the sinking of seven Japanese ships.

Politics and government
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as President of China.

Medicine
American Medical Association Executive Director Dr. Morris Fishbein said that U.S. Army hospitals were saving 99% of the wounded, and credited the use of sulfa drugs as "reducing fatalities to an amazing degree."

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 2 @ St. Louis Cardinals 1 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Marius Russo pitched a 7-hit complete game and scored the winning run before 36,196 fans at Sportsman's Park to earn the win over Harry Brecheen, who relieved starting pitcher Max Lanier to begin the 8th inning. Mr. Russo doubled to lead off the top of the 8th and scored on a sacrifice fly by shortstop Frankie Crosetti.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Guy Fawkes Society

This was the first episode to feature Wendell Holmes as Dr. Watson. It was thought that the use of an actor named Holmes playing Dr. Watson would cause confusion, so Wendell Holmes acted on this series under the name George Spelvin, which is a common alias in British theatre, usually used by an actor playing more than one role in a show.

Died on this date
Ted Horn, 38
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Horn drove in the American Automobile Association Championship Series in the 1930s and '40s, winning the national championship in 1946, 1947, and 1948. He appeared in the Indianapolis 500 10 times from 1935-1948, never winning, but finishing in the top four for the last nine years. He died shortly after being seriously injured in a crash on the second lap of a race at DuQuoin, Illinois when a wheel spindle broke and spun his car into the path of the car driven by Johnny Mantz, who suffered slight injuries. Mr. Horn suffered a concussion, crushed chest, and broken left leg.

War
Greek government forces began a new offensive in northwestern Greece intended to wipe out the remnants of guerrilla forces on the Albanian border.

Politics and government
Pro-U.S. Nationalist Party candidate Juan Manuel Galvez was elected President of Honduras without formal opposition.

Carlos Prio Socarras was inaugurated as the 17th President of Cuba.

Tennis
Ted Schroeder won the men's singles title and Gussie Moran won the women's singles title at the first U.S. national hard court competition in San Francisco.

Auto racing
Johnnie Parsons won the 100-mile AAA race at the DuQuoin, Illinois fairground track in which Ted Horn was fatally injured.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Braves 11 @ Cleveland Indians 5 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Braves scored 6 runs in the top of the 7th inning to break a 5-5 tie as they averted elimination before a World Series record crowd of 86,288, breaking the previous day's record.



60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis (3rd week at #1)

War
Premier Ferhat Abbas of the nationalist Free Algerian government offered to negotiate a cease-fire with French forces in Algeria.

World events
Moro Indians attacked a U.S. oil crew prospecting for the Pure Oil Company near Madrejon in the North Chaco area of Paraguay.

Politics and government
Pledging restoration of indirect democracy as soon as possible, Pakistani Supreme Commander General Ayub Khan denied that he was contemplating a purge of former political leaders.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Management Services: DR-11



Law
In the aftermath of the Senate filibuster that prevented the confirmation of Supreme Court Associate Justice Abe Fortas as Chief Justice, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announced that Earl Warren would stay on as Chief Justice "until his successor qualifies."

Disasters
At least 300 people died when an overloaded ferry sank in shark-infested waters off Mindanao Island in the Philippines.

Baseball
World Series
Detroit Tigers 4 @ St. Louis Cardinals 1 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Jim Northrup tripled home Norm Cash and Willie Horton, and Bill Freehan followed with a double to score Mr. Northrup, breaking a 0-0 tie with 2 out in the top of the 7th, and the Tigers added an insurance run in the 9th as they defeated the defending champion Cardinals before 54,692 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium, becoming the third team, after the 1925 Pittsburgh Pirates and 1958 New York Yankees, to win the World Series after falling behind 3 games to 1. St. Louis center fielder Curt Flood, one of the best defensive outfielders in the game, misjudged Mr. Northrup's ball, coming in and then having to run back after it. The Cardinals were down to their last out with nobody on base when Mike Shannon hit a home run to ruin Mickey Lolich's bid for a shutout. Tim McCarver popped up for the final out, with Roger Maris on deck. Mr. Maris, dropped to seventh from third in the batting order, batted 0 for 3 and made 3 putouts in right field in the last game of his 12-year major league career. Mr. Lolich earned his third win of the Series, pitching a 5-hitter.



40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Voices of Silence



Died on this date
Ralph Metcalfe, 68
. U.S. runner and politician. Mr. Metcalfe jointly held the world record in the 100-metre dash; he won silver medals in the event in the Summer Olympic Games of 1932 and 1936, and was regarded as the world's fastest man in 1934 and 2935. Mr. Metcalfe won a bronze medal in the men's 200-metre run at the 1932 Olympics, and a gold medal as a member of the American team in the men's 4 x 100-metre relay in the 1936 Olympics. Mr. Metcalfe was an alderman in Chicago from 1955-1970, and represented Illinois' 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1971 until his death from an apparent heart attack. He co-founded the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971.

Ralph Marterie, 63. Italian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Marterie moved to Chicago with his family as a child, and began his career there as a trumpeter in various jazz bands. He was a bandleader during the 1940s and '50s, with hit singles that included Crazy, Man, Crazy (1953); Skokiaan (1954); and Shish-Kebab (1957).

Politics and government
Female pages were hired for the Canadian House of Commons for the first time.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 5 @ Los Angeles Dodgers 11 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Dave Lopes hit 2 home runs and Dusty Baker added another to help the Dodgers beat the Yankees before 55,997 fans at Dodger Stadium.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Desire--U2 (2nd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Edmonton (9-5) 17 @ Winnipeg (8-6) 21

The Eskimos appeared to be in control in the 4th quarter before 26,298 fans at Winnipeg Stadium, but Sean Salisbury completed a 26-yard touchdown pass to James Murphy, and Trevor Kennerd added a 26-yard field goal late in the game as the Blue Bombers came back to win.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Los Angeles 7 @ New York 4 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Dodgers scored 3 runs in the 4th inning to open the scoring, and Kirk Gibson hit a 3-run homer in the 5th to make the score 6-0 as the Dodgers withstood a 3-run rally by the Mets in the bottom of the 5th and held on to win before 52,069 fans at Shea Stadium.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boom! Shake the Room--DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (8-7) 18 @ Calgary (13-1) 34

Douglass Craft returned an interception 64 yards for an interception and Charles Anthony returned another interception 115 yards for another TD as the Stampeders defeated the Roughriders before 28,210 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie connected with Derrick Crawford for a 54-yard touchdown in the 1st quarter. Mark McLoughlin added 3 converts, 4 field goals, and a single to complete the Calgary scoring. Jeff Fairholm scored the Roughriders' only touchdown on a 9-yard pass from Warren Jones in the 2nd quarter. Dave Ridgway converted and added 3 field goals.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Chicago 3 @ Toronto 5 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Blue Jays scored single runs in each of the first 4 innings and held on to defeat the White Sox before 51,375 fans at SkyDome. Chicago third baseman Robin Ventura hit a 2-run home run in the 9th inning to draw the White Sox to within 2 runs, but they were unable to complete the comeback.



National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 2 @ Atlanta 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

The Phillies scored 2 runs in the top of the 4th inning to take the lead, and held on to edge the Braves before 52,032 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Winning pitcher Danny Jackson singled home Milt Thompson with the winning run.



20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Clark Clifford, 91
. U.S. politician. Mr. Clifford was a lawyer and an adviser to Democratic Party U.S. Presidents from Harry Truman through Jimmy Carter. He became known as an ultimate Washington insider, holding various positions, most notably Secretary of Defense from 1968-1969 in the administration of President Lyndon Johnson during the Vietnam War.

Terrorism
A Lignes Aériennes Congolaises Boeing 727 was shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 41 people.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
New York 4 @ Cleveland 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Paul O'Neill's home run in the top of the 1st inning provided the necessary scoring as Orlando Hernández pitched 7 scoreless innings to win the pitchers' duel over Dwight Gooden before 44,981 fans at Jacobs Field.



National League Championship Series
Atlanta 1 @ San Diego 4 (San Diego led best-of-seven series 3--0)

The Padres scored 2 runs in each of the 5th and 8th innings to defeat the Braves before 62,799 fans at Qualcomm Stadium, as Sterling Hitchock, with relief help, won the pitching matchup over Greg Maddux.



10 years ago
2008


At the movies
The Express, directed by Gary Fleder and starring Rob Brown and Dennis Quaid, opened in theatres.

Terrorism
A campaign of British Columbia pipeline bombings began as a bomber sent message to local media outlets warning oil and gas companies to leave the area: "We will no longer negotiate with terrorists which you are as you keep endangering our families with crazy expansion of deadly gas wells in our home lands."

Abominations
Connecticut's Supreme Court ruled that sodomite/lesbian couples had the right to marry.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-11) 16 @ Winnipeg (6-9) 25
Edmonton (9-6) 27 @ British Columbia (9-6) 20

Alexis Serna put the Blue Bombers ahead in the 4th quarter with a 34-yard field goal and Joe Smith rushed for a touchdown to help them defeat the Argonauts before 27,268 fans at Cand Inns Stadium. Jamal Robertson rushed 2 yards for the only Toronto TD, while Mike Vanderjagt converted and added 3 field goals.

Ricky Ray, Calvin McCarty, and Mathieu Bertrand all had short touchdown rushes for the Eskimos in the 1st half as they held on to defeat the Lions before 34,778 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Lavar Glover returned an interception 18 yards for the first B.C. touchdown late in the 1st quarter, but the Lions didn't score an offensive TD until Jarious Jackson completed a 6-yard pass to Bret Anderson with less than 4 minutes remaining in the game. Paul McCallum's convert made the score 27-17, and he kicked a 40-yard field goal with 31 seconds left to close the scoring. The Eskimos won despite taking 16 penalties for 135 yards.

CIS
Regina (3-3) 5 @ Calgary (4-2) 31

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Boston 2 @ Tampa Bay 0 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Red Sox scored single runs in the 5th and 8th innings, while Daisuke Matsuzaka pitched a no-hitter for 6 innings, leaving after allowing 4 hits in 7+ innings to win the pitchers' duel over James Shields before 35,001 fans at Tropicana Field.



National League Championship Series
Los Angeles 5 @ Philadelphia 8 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)

The Phillies scored 4 runs in each of the 2nd and 3rd innings, coasting to victory before 45,883 fans at Citizens Bank Park. Winning pitcher Brett Myers batted 3 for 3 and batted in 3 runs.

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