Tuesday, 30 October 2018

October 30, 2018

800 years ago
1218


Born on this date
Chūkyō
. Emperor of Japan, 1221. Chūkyō, born Kanenari-shinnō, acceded to the throne as the age of 2 following the deposition of his father Emperor Juntoku. Chūkyō was Emperor for only two months before being dethroned and replaced by his first cousin once removed Emperor Go-Horikawa. Chūkyō died at the age of 15 on June 18, 1234.

350 years ago
1668


Born on this date
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
. Queen consort in Prussia, 1701-1705. Sophia Charlotte, the younger sister of King George I of Great Britain, married Frederick of Hohenzollern in 1684, and became Queen in Prussia, with Frederick I as King, when Brandenburg-Prussia was elevated to a kingdom in 1701. She preferred to live apart from her husband, and died of pneumonia on February 1, 1705 at the age of 36.

130 years ago
1888


Africana
The Rudd Concession was granted by Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Roland Freisler
. German lawyer and judge. Mr. Freisler, who joined the Nazi Party in 1925, was State Secretary of the Reich Ministry of Justice and President of the Volksgerichtshof (People's Court) from 1942-1945. The court operated outside constitutional authority and conducted show trials of those who were accused of political actions against the regime of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Mr. Freisler was conducting a session of the Volksgerichtshof when he was killed in an Allied bombing raid on Berlin on February 3, 1945 at the age of 51.

Died on this date
John Abbott, 72
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1891-1892. Sir John, a corporate lawyer from Montreal and a Conservative, was a member of Parliament from 1860-1874 and 1880-1887 and the government leader in the Senate from 1887 until his death. When Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald died in office on June 6, 1891, Mr. Abbott supported Justice Minister Sir John Thompson to succeed Mr. Macdonald, but Mr. Thompson was a Roman Catholic, and anti-Catholic sentiment led Mr. Abbott to reluctantly agree to assume the office of Prime Minister, becoming the first man to hold the position while sitting in the Senate. He resigned as Prime Minister because of ill health on December 5, 1892 and was replaced by Mr. Thompson.

100 years ago
1918


War
The Ottoman Empire signed the Armistice of Mudros with the Allies, ending the hostilities in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, and paving the way for the occupation of Constantinople and the subsequent partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.

Europeana
The Republic of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed, with Tomas Masaryk as President, Eduard Benes as Foreign Minister, and Milan Stefanik as Minister of War.

Disasters
The patrol vessel HMCS Galiano foundered at Cape St. James, British Columbia, south of the Queen Charlotte Islands, due to leaks in a southwest gale, becoming the only Canadian naval vessel lost in World War I.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Robert Lansing, 64
. U.S. politician. Mr. Lansing, a Democrat, was U.S. Secretary of State in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1915-1920. He replaced William Jennings Bryan, who was opposed to American entry into World War I. Mr. Lansing originally advocated a policy of "benevolent neutrality," but increasingly supported the Allied cause. He was the nominal head of the U.S. Commission to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, but fell out of favour with Mr. Wilson because of differing views on the importance of the League of Nations. Mr. Lansing died of heart trouble.

Politics and government
The Cuyahoga County Board of Elections in Ohio was dismissed summarily from office in Cleveland for alleged malfeasance in office.

80 years ago
1938


On the radio
Mercury Theatre on the Air, starring Orson Welles
Tonight's episode: The War of the Worlds

Many listeners thought the program was an actual live news broadcast, and the ensuing panic made this the most famous fictional broadcast in radio history. For more information, see The War of the Worlds Invasion. For the reaction in Toronto, see The War of the Welles.









75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Pistol Packin' Mama--Al Dexter and his Troopers

Died on this date
Max Reinhardt, 70
. Austro-Hungarian born theatre and film director. Mr. Reinhardt, born Maximilian Goldmann, spent much of his life in Berlin as one of Germany's most innovative theatre directors, while also directing silent movies. He fled the country in 1938, moving first to the United Kingdom and then to the United States, where he continued working in theatre and cinema, and became an American citizen. Mr. Reinhardt's best-known film was A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935).

War
The Soviet Red Army reached the northeastern entrance to Crimea by capturing Genichesk in a rapid sweep through the Nogaisk Steppe that threatened to bottle up the German forces in Crimea. Allied forces advanced up to three miles at several points on the southwestern German line in Italy, taking Nocelleto.

Diplomacy
The U.S., U.K., and U.S.S.R. foreign ministers agreed secretly in Moscow that Germany would be stripped of all territory acquired since 1938.

Transportation
Guatemalan President Jorge Ubico ordered the seizure of the German-owned Verapaz Railway.

Hockey
NHL
New York 2 @ Toronto 5

Toronto Maple Leafs' rookie Gus Bodnar scored 15 seconds into his first NHL game, at Maple Leaf Gardens. Mr. Bodnar's goal remains the league record for the fastest goal from the start of a career.

Football
WCASRFL
Winnipeg RCAF (6-0) 11 Winnipeg United Services (1-5) 0

Dave Greenberg and Sammy Lavitt scored touchdowns and Ches McCance added a convert as the Bombers blanked United Services at Osborne Stadium to end the regular season.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting (5th week at #1)
2 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
3 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
4 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys
--The Dinning Sisters
5 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
6 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
--Jon and Sondra Steele
7 Underneath the Arches--Primo Scala's Banjo and Accordion Orchestra with the Keynotes
--The Andrews Sisters
8 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers
9 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--The Andrews Sisters
10 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were the version of Buttons and Bows by the Dinning Sisters; Bella Bella Marie, with versions by Larry Green and his Orchestra; and the Andrews Sisters; P.S. I Love You by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#34); One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart) by Jimmy Wakely (#35); Bouquet of Roses by Eddy Arnold (#36); The Click Song by Tony Pastor and his Orchestra (#38); Green-Up Time by Buddy Clark (#39); and Kee-Mo Ky-Mo (The Magic Song) by the King Cole Trio (#40).

War
Israeli forces opened a drive to capture the Gallilee from Fawzi el-Kawukji's Palestinian Arab Army.

Chinese Nationalist forces reported the loss of Mukden to the Communists, leaving the government in control only of the southern coastal section of Manchuria.

Politics and government
General Manuel Odria became the head of a military junta in Peru, promising to retire after the election of a "truly democratic government."

Society
A U.S. Army transport ship landed in New York with 813 European refugees, the first to arrive in the United States under the Displaced Persons Admission Act of 1948.

Protest
Tennessee Governor Jim McCord called out the National Guard to protect Loudon Sheriff Henry McDonald from angry mountaineers., following the October 22 death of country singer Ray Brewster, 26, who had been killed in a car accident while fleeing Sheriff McDonald, who had a warrant for Mr. Brewster's arrest on a larceny charge.

Religion
The American Council of Christian Churches, representing 15 fundamentalist Protestant denominations, concluded a three-day convention in Philadelphia after denouncing the World Council of Churches as a "co-operating front for world socialism," and urging a "complete and frank showdown with Russia."

Business
RKO agreed to separate its film production and distribution from its theatre holdings in compliance with a Justice Department antitrust suit. Howard Hughes became a member of the company's board of directors.

A U.S. federal district court in Toledo approved an out-of-court antitrust settlement ordering the dissolution of the National Glass Distributors Association and banning restraint of trade practices by the Libby-Owens-Ford, Pittsburgh Plate Glass, American Window Glass plate Fourco Glass companies.

Labour
Non-Communist French coal miners resumed work after accepting government terms for settlement of the coal strike, including a 15%-25% pay raise and increased family benefits. Miners belonging to the Communist-led General Confederation of Labour remained on strike.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (5-5-1) 24 @ Montreal (6-5) 1
Hamilton (1-9-1) 5 @ Ottawa (9-2) 18

WIFU
Saskatchewan (3-9) 16 @ Winnipeg (3-9) 7

Sully Glasser, Ken Charlton, and Del Wardien scored touchdowns for the Roughriders and Gabe Patterson added a convert as they beat the Blue Bombers at Osborne Stadium to take the second and last playoff spot in the Western Interprovincial Football Union. Joe Turner scored the Winnipeg touchdown, converted by Don Hiney, with Bob Sandberg adding a single. Mr. Hiney's convert remains the most recent successful drop kick in Canadian senior-level football to date. The Rough Riders and Blue Bombers played each other 6 times in 1948, with each team winning 3 games; Saskatchewan outscored Winnipeg 94-59 in those games, breaking the tie for second place. The Blue Bombers ended the season with five straight losses.

60 years ago
1958


Defense
In a note to the U.K. and U.S.A., the U.S.S.R. agreed to join in Geneva discussions on the suspension of nuclear weapons tests. U.S. State Department spokesman Lincoln White confirmed that the United States was ready to permit European manufacture of U.S. tactical missiles, including the air-to-air Sidewinder and ground-to-air Hawk.

Protest
A court in Johannesburg withdrew charges against 900 African women arrested in recent demonstrations against the extension of racial pass requirements. South African police used clubs and tear gas to disperse 500 Africans demonstrating outside the courthouse.

Medicine
The 1958 Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to U.S. geneticists Joshua Lederberg, George Beadle, and Edward Tatum for research with bacteria in developing methods for the study of genetic mechanisms and the discovery that genes transmit hereditary characteristics by controlling chemical reactions.

Disasters
Rescue workers brought 12 more men out of the coal mine at Springhill, Nova Scotia.

Football
ORFU
Semi-Final
Kitchener-Waterloo 31 @ London 29

Royal Bailey, Bernie Custis, Dave West, and Tom Mooney scored touchdowns for the Dutchmen as they edged the Lords at Labatt Park. Mike Norcia added 2 converts, a single, a field goal, and a single, while Bob Celeri punted for a single. Gerry Thompkins scored 2 touchdowns for the Lords, with Tom Timbrell scoring a touchdown and Al Pfeifer scoring a touchdown and 3 converts in his last game. Mr. Van Kleek completed the London scoring with a safety touch.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (6th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (4th week at #1)
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
5 Mary, Mary/What am I Doing Hangin' 'Round--The Monkees
6 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
7 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees
8 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
9 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
10 I Say a Little Prayer/The House that Jack Built--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Les Bicyclettes de Belsize by Engelbert Humperdinck (#29); Elenore/Surfer Dan by the Turtles (#35); Sweet Blindness by the 5th Dimension (#39); and Little Arrows by the Dixie Bells (#40).

Died on this date
Rose Wilder Lane, 81
. U.S. writer and political theorist. Mrs. Lane, the daughter of authoress Laura Ingalls Wilder, wrote fiction and non-fiction, and collaborated with her mother on her Little House novels. Mrs. Lane spent her later years as a prominent supporter of libertarianism. She died in her sleep just before she was to begin a three-year world tour.

Conrad Richter, 78. U.S. author. Mr. Richter was mainly known for his novels about the American frontier. The Town (1951) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, while The Light in the Forest (1953) is probably his best-known work. Mr. Richter died 17 days after his 78th birthday.

Ramon Novarro, 69. Mexican-born U.S. actor. Mr. Novarro, born Jose Ramón Gil Samaniego, began his movie career in Hollywood in 1917, and became a star in the 1920s in films such as Scaramouche (1923) and Ben-Hur (1925). He was a drunkard and sodomite, and was murdered by homosexual prostitute brothers Paul Ferguson, 22, and Tom Ferguson, 17, who called him and offered their sexual services. Mr. Novarro invited them to his home; the brothers believed that he had a large amount of money hidden in his house, and beat and tortured him in an effort to make him say where it was. They had to settle for taking $20 from Mr. Novarro's bathrobe pocket, and he died of asphyxiation from choking on his vomit after being beaten.

Malcolm Hale, 27. U.S. musician. Mr. Hale played lead guitar and trombone with the pop music group Spanky and Our Gang, and arranged many of the group's recordings. He was found dead in his Chicago apartment; the cause of death was originally reported as bronchial pneumonia, but in later years it was said to be carbon monoxide poisoning from a bad heating system.

Music
Frank Sinatra recorded the song My Way in Los Angeles.

Space
The U.S.S.R. spacecraft Soyuz 3, with Georgy Beregovoy as Pilot, landed in snow near Karaganda, Kazakhstan to complete its four-day mission.

Europeana
A law signed in Bratislava created a two-state system in Czechoslovakia, with the state of Bohemia and Moravia in the west and a Slovak state in the southeastern part of the country.

Golf
Chi Chi Rodriguez won the Sahara Invitation Tournament in Las Vegas in a playoff after posting a 4-round score of 274. First prize money was $20,000.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (8-7-1) 20 @ Saskatchewan (11-3-1) 34

George Reed rushed for 140 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Roughriders over the Eskimos before 17,048 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Jim Thomas and Thermus Butler rushed for Edmonton touchdowns, with Peter Kempf adding 2 converts and 2 field goals.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Three Times a Lady--Commodores

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Tomei Ningen--Pink Lady (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

Crime
Valdik Enger and Rudolf Chernayev, former Soviet employees of the United Nations who had been arrested in May 1978 and convicted of espionage for trying to buy U.S. military secrets, were sentenced by a U.S. court in Newark to 50 years each in prison.

Protest
Major demonstrations continued throughout Iran, as Muslim leaders protested Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi's modernization programs.

Economics and finance
The U.S. dollar concluded six days of decline by plunging to record lows against the Japanese yen and West German mark, with dollar purchases of over $2 billion by central banks in Tokyo, Europe, and New York succeeding only in keeping the dollar from falling further.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Desire--U2 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

Died on this date
T. Hee, 77
. U.S. animator. Thornton Hee worked in film, and later, television from the 1930s through the 1960s. He was best known for directing the Dance of the Hours segment of the Walt Disney movie Fantasia (1940).

Business
Philip Morris purchased Kraft for $13.1 billion to create one of the largest corporate mergers ever. The combined company, marketing cigarettes, beer, coffee, spaghetti, cheese, ice cream, margarine, and other foods, would be the world's largest producer of consumer goods.

Football
CFL
Toronto (13-4) 22 @ Winnipeg (9-8) 16
Saskatchewan (10-7) 22 @ Calgary (6-11) 28

The Argonauts scored 2 early touchdowns on short drives and held on to defeat the Blue Bombers at Winnipeg Stadium. Lee Morris, playing his first CFL game, was impressive as a Toronto wide receiver.

Mark McLoughlin kicked 5 field goals and a convert to help the Stampeders beat the Roughriders before 18,863 fans at McMahon Stadium.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat

#1 single in Italy: Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Living on My Own (1993)--Freddie Mercury (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Key: The Secret--Urban Cookie Collective

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (8th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Just Kickin' It--Xscape
2 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
3 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
4 All That She Wants--Ace of Base
5 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
6 Hey Mr. D.J.--Zhane
7 Anniversary--Tony Toni Tone
8 Again--Janet Jackson
9 What is Love--Haddaway
10 Two Steps Behind--Def Leppard

Singles entering the chart were Again; Gansta Lean by D.R.S. (#47); Hero by Mariah Carey (#49); Please Forgive Me by Bryan Adams (#53); Never Should've Let You Go by High-Five (#59); Jessie by Joshua Kadison (#63); Dreams by Gabrielle (#64); Indo Smoke by Mista Grimm (#67); Higher Ground by UB40 (#69); Both Sides of the Story by Phil Collins (#71); Paying the Price of Love by the Bee Gees (72); Push the Feeling On by the Nightcrawlers (#73); Fields of Gray by Bruce Hornsby (#75); Jimmy Olsen's Blues by Spin Doctors (#76); Method Man by Wu-Tang Clan (#77); I'm a Player by Too Short (#78); Never Keeping Secrets by Babyface (#79); (I Know I Got) Skillz by Shaquille O'Neal (#81); and Why Must We Wait Until Tonight? by Tina Turner (#83).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
2 No Rain--Blind Melon
3 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
4 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
5 Two Steps Behind--Def Leppard
6 Human Wheels--John Mellencamp
7 Reason to Believe--Rod Stewart
8 Hopelessly--Rick Astley
9 When There's Time (For Love)--Lawrence Gowan
10 Nothing 'Bout Me--Sting

Singles entering the chart were Both Sides of the Story by Phil Collins (#59); Serious by Sheree Jeacocke (#73); Baby Come on Home by Led Zeppelin (#74); The Gift by INXS (#80); and Go West by Pet Shop Boys (#86).

Terrorism
Three members of the Ulster Defence Association opened fire in a crowded pub in Greysteel, Northern Ireland during a Halloween party, killing eight civilians--six Roman Catholics and two Protestants--and wounding 19.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 5 Toronto 2

The Maple Leafs' loss to the Canadiens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast was their first of the season after starting the season with 10 straight wins.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (13-4) 36 @ Ottawa (3-14) 16
Sacramento (5-12) 8 @ Calgary (15-2) 41

Sammy Garza, replacing injured Matt Dunigan at quarterback, threw touchdown passes to David Williams, Gerald Wilcox, and Michael Richardson as the Blue Bombers beat the Rough Riders before 19,240 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Troy Westwood added 3 converts and 5 field goals to complete the Winnipeg scoring. Tom Burgess completed a 28-yard pass to Jock Climie in the 3rd quarter for the only Ottawa touchdown. Paul McCallum converted and added 3 field goals.

Doug Flutie threw touchdown passes to Will Moore and Dave Sapunjis, and Steve Taylor also completed a touchdown pass to Mr. Moore and rushed for a TD of his own as the Stampeders routed the Gold Miners before 26,015 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Sapunjis became the first Canadian player to record 100 pass receptions in a single season. Mark McLoughlin converted all 4 Calgary touchdowns and added 4 field goals and a single on the opening kickoff. Mike Pringle scored the only Sacramento touchdown on a 1-yard pass from David Archer in the 2nd quarter. Jim Crouch converted, and Pete Gardere punted for a single for the Gold Miners' other point.

20 years ago
1998


Business
Loblaws announced that it would buy Provigo, Quebec's biggest grocery store chain, in a $1.62-billion deal.

Football
CFL
Toronto (9-9) 12 @ Winnipeg (3-15) 31

Jay Walker, playing what turned out to be his final CFL game, threw 2 touchdown passes to Milt Stegall, while Troy Westwood added 2 converts and 5 field goals to help the Blue Bombers beat the Argonauts before 16,205 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. It was the final game for Gary Hoffman as Winnipeg's head coach.

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
Leona Aglukkaq was sworn in as Canadian Minister of Health in the cabinet of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, becoming the first Inuk to be appointed to the federal cabinet.

Transportation
Marcelo Da Luz set a world distance record in a solar-powered vehicle, completing a 15,000-kilometre journey across Canada and back in his single "Power of One" solar car in 140 days.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (12-6) 45 @ Toronto (4-14) 38

The Roughriders, trailing 31-17 after 3 quarters, outscored the Argonauts 28-7 in the 4th quarter, and Neal Hughes rushed 2 yards for a touchdown with 12 seconds remaining to give Saskatchewan the victory before 28,654 fans at Rogers Centre. The game marked the end of the Hall of Fame coaching career of Don Matthews, who was 0-8 in his third term as Toronto's head coach, and lost 14 of his last 15 games.

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