Wednesday, 2 November 2016

November 1, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Will Morrow and Maurice Pratt!

200 years ago
1816


Politics and government
Voting began in the U.S. presidential election. Secretary of State James Monroe represented the Democratic-Republican Party, while U.S. Senator Rufus King (New York) represented the Federalist Party. Voting continued until December 4.

140 years ago
1876


Politics and government
New Zealand's provincial government system was dissolved.

80 years ago
1936


Diplomacy
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini described Italy's new alliance with Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Berlin and Rome.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Piano Concerto in B Flat--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

Americana
Ansel Adams took a photograph of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.

Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico.jpg
By Source, Fair use, Link


War
A statement from German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's headquarters charged that the U.S. ships Greer and Kearny had attacked German submarines, and "therefore the United States attacked Germany." A secret Japanese cabinet meeting decided for war against the United States if negotiations did not produce an agreement with the U.S.A. by December 1 for Japan to receive oil from the East Indies and to be left free to settle the China incident without intervention.

Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King met with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt at Mr. Roosevelt's private home in Hyde Park, New York.

Former U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Joseph E. Davies stated that the "treason trials and purges from 1935 to 1938...indicates the amazing farsightedness of [Soviet leader Josef] Stalin...There can be no doubt that these defendants were...in the employ of the German and Japanese high commands."

U.S. Senator Alben W. Barkley (Democrat--Kentucky), speaking to Zionists in New York, urged that a Jewish homeland be created in Palestine.

Defense
Panamanian President Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia said that his country's policy of neutrality would have to be revised because peace was now endangered.

Economics and finance
A Japanese news agency said that unless the U.S. halted its economic blockade, Japan must seek supply sources for vital goods and materials as a measure of self-defense.

Transportation
The Rainbow Bridge between Niagara Falls, New York and Niagara Falls, Ontario opened.

Football
ERFU
Ottawa (5-1) 11 @ Montreal (0-6) 2
Toronto Balmy Beach (2-4) 5 @ Toronto Argonauts (5-1) 8

Wilf Tremblay scored the Rough Riders' touchdown in their win over the Bulldogs at Percival Molson Stadium. George Fraser converted and added a field goal and single, and Arnie McWatters punted for a single for Ottawa. Gord Noseworthy punted for 2 singles for Montreal, who were playing their last game under the name Bulldogs.

Pat Reid scored the Argonauts' touchdown in their win over Balmy Beach at Varsity Stadium. Earl Selkirk converted, and Mike Meikle and Annis Stukus added singles. Singles accounted for all the Balmy Beach points: 3 by Sammy Sward, and 1 each by Bobby Porter and Jack Alexander.

These games marked the end of regular season play for the Eastern Rugby Football Union's only season. Balmy Beach returned to the Ontario Rugby Football Union in 1942, while the Toronto Argonauts and Montreal Bulldogs suspended operations through the 1944 season because of World War II. The Ottawa Rough Riders played in the Ottawa City Senior Football League in 1942 before suspending operations through 1944. For the present, the Rough Riders and Argonauts were preparing for a 2-game, total points series to determine the ERFU champion, with the first game scheduled for Lansdowne Park in Ottawa on November 8.

70 years ago
1946


At the movies
A Matter of Life and Death, written and directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger and starring David Niven, Roger Livesey, Raymond Massey, and Kim Hunter, received its premiere screening at the Empire Theatre in London in the first ever Royal Film Performance.

Music
Paul Robeson performed a concert at Glebe Collegiate Auditorium in Ottawa.

War
Chinese negotiators in Nanking rejected truce proposals which would give them military control of only three northern Manchurian provinces.

World events
Two British ships left Haifa for Cyprus with 1,279 illegal Jewish immigrants captured the previous day on board their vessel.

Diplomacy
Reporting on his treaty negotiations with the United Kingdom, Egyptian Prime Minister Ismail Sidky Pasha told his cabinet that U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin had agreed to recognize Egyptian sovereignty over Sudan and withdraw British forces from Egypt in three years.

Science
The University of California at Berkeley announced the completion of its 184-inch cyclotron, the most powerful atom-smasher in the world.

Religion
Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest in Poland.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (72-1-1) knocked out Cecil Hudson (51-20-4) with 2 seconds remaining in the 6th round of a scheduled 10-round welterweight bout at Olympia Stadium in Detroit.

Basketball
BAA
New York (1-0) 68 @ Toronto (0-1) 66

The Knickerbockers edged the Huskies before 7,090 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens in the first regular season game ever played in the the Basketball Association of America, founded by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the northeastern and midwestern United States and Canada who needed an alternative sport for their venues. The BAA merged with the National Basketball League in 1949 to become the National Basketball Association.



Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers scored the first points in BAA history with a field goal:



60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Au revoir Rome--Lucienne Delyle (5th week at #1)

War
Iraqi and Syrian troops entered Jordan.

Diplomacy
Egypt broke off relations with the United Kingdom and France and ordered all British and French property, including oil installations, registered with the Finance Ministry for seizure. U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Bulganin sent U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower a letter about the Suez crisis, outlining Soviet demands for an immediate cease-fire, withdrawal of foreign forces, and creation of a United Nations "control organ" to supervise the withdrawals.

Politics and government
U.K. Prime Minister Anthony Eden survived a vote of non-confidence on his Middle Eastern policies after defending them against Labour Party attacks in the House of Commons.

Indianica
The Indian states Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Mysore were formally created under the States Reorganisation Act; Kanyakumari district was joined to Tamil Nadu from Kerala.

Science
The 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to William Shockley, Walter Brattain, and John Bardeen "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect." The 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Sir Cyril Hinsherwood and Nikolai Semanov "for their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions."

Labour
Cleveland's three daily newspapers suspended publication after the Newspaper Guild--representing editorial employees--struck the Cleveland Press upon expiration of its contract.

11 U.S. rail unions representing 700,000 workers agreed on a three-year contract providing hourly raises of 10c for the first year and 7c for each of the following two years.

Disasters
39 cole miners were killed and 88 rescued in an explosion at No. 4 colliery in Springhill, Nova Scotia.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC
Tonight's episode: Thy Mother a Lady, Lovely and Bright

The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Wine is a Traitor, with guest stars Roy Thinnes, Pilar Surat, and James Gregory

War
At least eight people, including an American officer, were killed when Viet Cong artillery shelled Saigon.

Indianica
India created its 17th state, dividing Punjab on a linguistic basis into Punjabi Subha (Sikhs) and Hariana (Hindi).

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Let's Stick Together--Bryan Ferry

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Pearl Color ni Yurete--Momoe Yamaguchi (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Jardín Prohibido--Sandro Giacobbe (13th week at #1)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Holiday Rap--M.C. Miker G & D.J. Sven (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Take My Breath Away--Berlin

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Take My Breath Away--Berlin

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Every Loser Wins--Nick Berry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): True Colors--Cyndi Lauper (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
2 Typical Male--Tina Turner
3 Amanda--Boston
4 I Didn't Mean to Turn You On--Robert Palmer
5 When I Think of You--Janet Jackson
6 Human--Human League
7 Heartbeat--Don Johnson
8 True Blue--Madonna
9 All Cried Out--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam with Full Force
10 Throwing it All Away--Genesis

Singles entering the chart were Notorious by Duran Duran (#52); Land of Confusion by Genesis (#62); Control by Janet Jackson (#75); All I Wanted by Kansas (#76); Someday by Glass Tiger (#79); Victory by Kool and The Gang (#80); Goldmine by the Pointer Sisters (#83); and Goin' to the Bank by the Commodores (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh (2nd week at #1)
2 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
3 Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics
4 Rumors--Timex Social Club
5 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
6 When I Think of You--Janet Jackson
7 Walk This Way--Run-D.M.C.
8 Human--Human League
9 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
10 True Blue--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Stand by Me by Ben E. King (#80); You Give Love a Bad Name by Bon Jovi (#82); Word Up by Cameo (#85); Kiss You (When it's Dangerous) by Eight Seconds (#92); Strength in Numbers by Luba (#93); Loving Strangers by Christopher Cross (#95); For Tonight by Nancy Martinez (#96); C'est la Vie by Robbie Nevil (#97); and All I Hear (Is a Heartbeat) by Agent (#98). Stand by Me, the title song of the movie, was a re-release of the hit from 1961, which was three years before RPM began publication.

Environment
A fire at the Sandoz chemicals factory near Basel, Switzerland sent tons of toxic chemicals into the Rhine River, turning the water red and killing hundreds of thousands of fish.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (12-4-1) 16 @ Ottawa (3-13-1) 16

The Eskimos had a chance to clinch first place in the West Division with a win over the Rough Riders before 14,058 fans on a rainy Saturday afternoon at Lansdowne Park. They were leading 16-8 late in regulation time and appeared to be heading for more points, but quarterback Matt Dunigan fumbled while attempting to score a touchdown, and the Rough Riders recovered. Ottawa quarterback Gilbert Renfroe marched the Rough Riders for a touchdown pass to Marc Lewis and a 2-point convert pass to Glenn Steele to tie the game with 26 seconds remaining. Neither team came close to scoring in the two 5-minute halves of overtime, with Ken Clark's punt from his own 54-yard line on the last play of the 2nd overtime half coming up short. With the tie, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, who were playing at home against the British Columbia Lions the next day, still had a chance to finish first.

CIAU
Manitoba (3-5) 32 @ Alberta (1-7) 9

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Shabontama--Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi

Politics and government
Roy Romanow, who had led his New Democratic Party to victory in the recent provincial election, was sworn in as Premier of Saskatchewan, replacing Grant Devine and the Progressive Conservatives.

Transportation
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced a $6-million, two-year study for a high speed train corridor between Windsor, Ontario and Québec City. The estimated cost of $7 billion would be shared by the governments of Canada and Québec.

Law
Clarence Thomas took his place on the Supreme Court of the United States.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Zehn kleine Jägermeister--Die Toten Hosen (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Free Like a Flying Demon--E-type (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
J. R. Jayewardene, 90
. Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, 1977-1978; President of Sri Lanka, 1978-1989. Junius Richard Jayewardene, a member of the United National Party, began his political career in the late 1930s when Sri Lanka was still a British colony known as Ceylon. He held various positions before serving as Prime Minister, and then as President under a new constitution. Mr. Jayewardene's presidency was plagued by civil war between government and Tamil forces.

Football
CFL
Montreal (12-6) 42 @ Winnipeg (9-9) 24

The Alouettes took a 32-8 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Blue Bombers before 25,968 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Winnipeg quarterback Kevin McDougal suffered a season-ending injury, and Winnipeg offensive tackle Chris Walby was taken off the field with a knee injury that ended his 16-year Hall of Fame career.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
William Styron, 81
. U.S. author. Mr. Styron was known for the novels Lie Down in Darkness (1951); The Confessions of Nat Turner (1967); and Sophie's Choice (1979), and for his memoir Darkness Visible (1990).

Adrienne Shelly, 40. U.S. actress. Miss Shelly, born Adrian Levine, appeared in independent films such as The Unbelievable Truth (1989); Trust (1990); and Waitress (2007), the last of which she wrote and directed. She was found dead in her New York apartment, hanging from the shower; her death was originally believed to be suicide, but turned out to be murder at the hands of an illegal alien from Ecuador.

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