775 years ago
Died on this date
Celestine IV. Roman Catholic Pope, 1241. Celestine IV, born Goffredo da Castiglione, became a cardinal in 1227 and succeeded Gregory IX as pope after a contentious election, with the conclave taking place in a building where the roof leaked, and dripping water, mixed with urine from the guards on the roof, contributed to the death of one of the cardinals, and may have contributed to the death of the new pope. Pope Celestine IV took office on October 25, 1241--more than two months after the death of Gregory IX--and died of wear and age just 16 days later. He was succeeded on the papal throne by Innocent IV.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Carl Stalling. U.S. composer. Mr. Stalling wrote scores for hundreds of cartoons, first with the Walt Disney studio and then with Warner Brothers, with whom he worked from 1936-1958. He died on November 29, 1972 at the age of 81.
110 years ago
Peterborough (1-5) 4 @ Toronto Argonauts (4-2) 12
100 years ago
Born on this date
Billy May. U.S. musician. Mr. May played trumpet in several big bands in the 1940s before starting his own band. He was perhaps best known for his work as a bandleader and arranger for singers with Capitol Records in the 1950s, including Frank Sinatra and Nat "King" Cole. Mr. May also arranged and conducted the music for Jack Webb's album You're My Girl (1958), in which the actor talked his way through 12 romantic ballads. He died on January 22, 2004 at the age of 87.
90 years ago
Vincent Massey took up his position as Canada's first Ambassador to the United States.
75 years ago
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that "should the U.S. become involved in war with Japan, a British declaration of war will follow within the hour, " adding that the "Lend-Lease bill must be regarded as the most unsordid act in the whole of recorded history." General Sir Archibald Wavell said in New Delhi that he was fully responsible for the British retreat in Libya the previous spring when "the enemy attacked at least a month before I had expected it possible." Japanese Finance Minister Okinori Kaya told the National Financial Council that Japan aimed "to force Britain and the United States to reteat from East Asia." Chinese government spokesman T.T. Tsiang said that the U.S., U.K., China, and the Netherlands had agreed on measures to meet "Japan's next move in the Pacific."
Politics and government
Chilean President Pedro Aguirre Cerda temporarily resigned his office because of ill health and turned over his executive powers to Vice President Geronimo Mendez, leader of the Radical Party.
The U.S. House of Representatives unanimously adopted a resolution instructing Rep. Hamilton Fish (Republican--New York) to ignore a summons to appear before a federal grand jury investigating Nazi propaganda until the House Judiciary Committee ruled on whether it "invades the rights and privileges of the House."
The Indian government announced that Subhas Chandra Bose, leftist leader of Mohandas Gandhi's All-India Congress Party, was now believed to be in Berlin or Rome.
More than 2,000 American Federation of Labor construction workers struck in San Diego for a $1-per-day wage increase, tying up work on $23 million worth of U.S. Navy and Marine Corps projects.
The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board voted 9-2 to reject the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America's demand for a closed shop in mines struck October 27-30.
AFL Teamsters President Daniel Tobin ordered striking Teamsters to return to work at the Detroit Railway Express Agency.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Sanford Moss, 74. U.S. aviation engineer. Dr. Moss worked at General Electric from 1903-1938, specializing in turbochargers. He was the first person to use a turbocharger on an aircraft engine.
Nguyen Van Thinh, 58. Vietnamese politician. Thinh joined the Constitutionalist Party in 1926 and founded the Cochinchinese Democratic Party in 1937. He was the first President of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina--a French puppet state--and apparently committed suicide. Thinh was succeeded in office by Lê Văn Hoạch.
20,000 Muslims fled the northeastern Indian province of Bihar as Hindu-Muslim riots broke out again following the departure of U.K. envoy Sir Archibald Wavell to New Delhi.
Politics and government
Elections for the first French National Assembly under the new constitution gave the Communists the largest number of seats, 163 out of 619.
Municipal elections in Rome and four other Italian cities resulted in large victories for the Socialist and Communist Parties against the Christian Democrats.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rosalie--Freddy Quinn (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Me Tender/Any Way You Want Me--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1); Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Jukebox--11th week at #1); The Green Door--Jim Lowe (Top 100--2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
2 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
3 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
4 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley
5 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
6 Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell
7 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
8 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
9 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
10 Cindy, Oh Cindy--Vince Martin with the Tarriers
Singles entering the chart were Miracle of Love by Ginny Gibson (#37, charting with the version by Eileen Rodgers); Confidential by Sonny Knight (#40); and Chincherinchee by Perry Como (#48); and I'll Always Be in Love with You by Jack Pleis and his Orchestra (#50). Chincherinchee was the other side of Moonlight Love, charting at #35.
Died on this date
Harry Sinclair, 80. U.S. industrialist. Mr. Sinclair founded Sinclair Oil in 1916, which became the largest oil company in the midwestern United States. He was a major backer of the baseball Federal League in 1914-1915 and achieved success as a race horse owner in the 1920s. Mr. Sinclair was implicated in the Teapot Dome oil field lease scandal in 1922-1923, when U.S. Interior Secretary Albert Fall granted Sinclair Oil a lease for federal government land in Wyoming without competitive bidding. The scandal resulted in Mr. Sinclair serving a brief prison sentence for jury tampering. After Mr. Sinclair served his sentence, he returned to his business, and retired as president of Sinclair Oil and Gas Company in January 1949.
Gordon MacQuarrie, 56. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. MacQuarrie was an editor with the Milwaukee Journal who wrote short stories about hunting and fishing; he created the fictional organization he Old Duck Hunters' Association, Inc. Mr. MacQuarrie died of a heart attack.
Victor Young, 56. U.S. musician. Mr. Young was a concert violinist before becoming a composer, arranger, and bandleder. He moved to Hollywood in the mid-1930s and wrote scores for movies such as For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943); The Uninvited (1944); and Shane (1953). Mr. Young was nominated for 22 Academy Awards, but didn't live to collect his only Oscar, for the original score of Around the World in 80 Days (1956). Mr. Young died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
Hungarian President Istvan Dobi served notice that anti-Communists suspected of murder, arson, or looting would be liable to summary execution within 24 hours after their capture.
United Nations emergency force commander General E.L.M. Burns outlined a tactical plan for the force to occupy the Sinai desert in the wake of withdrawing Israeli troops.
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower rejected the Swiss proposal for a Big Four--U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., France--summit meeting, claiming that the only hope for global peace laid in United Nations action.
Politics and government
U.S. President Eisenhower named Labor Undersecretary Arthur Larson to replace Theodore Streibert as director of the U.S. Information Agency.
Lebanon and Iraq withdrew from the upcoming Summer Olympic Games in Melbourne to protest the Israeli attack on Egypt.
World middleweight champion Sugar Ray Robinson (138-4-2-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Bob Provizzi (19-9-5) in a non-title bout at New Haven Arena in New Haven, Connecticut.
Montreal 30 @ Hamilton 21 (First game of 2-game total points series)
Edmonton 22 @ Saskatchewan 23 (Saskatchewan led best-of-three series 1-0)
Kitchener-Waterloo 28 @ London 7 (Kitchener-Waterloo led best-of-three series 1-0)
Western Ontario (1-5) 7 @ McGill (2-4) 15
Toronto (4-1-1) 12 @ Queen's (4-1-1) 19
Bobby Marlow rushed 2 yards for a touchdown on a third-down gamble in the final minute of play, and Reg Whitehouse converted, to give the Roughriders their win over the Eskimos at Taylor Field in Regina. The Eskimos led 21-10 midway through the 4th quarter, but a pass interference penalty against them gave the Roughriders a first down at the Edmonton 25-yard line, and Saskatchewan quarterback Frank Tripucka threw a touchdown pass to Ken Carpenter. Mr. Whitehouse's convert was blocked, and the Eskimos made the score 22-16 when Joe Mobra's field goal attempt was wide for a single. Mr. Tripucka then drove the Roughriders to the Edmonton 5-yard line in the last minute. Mr. Marlow gained 2 yards on first down and Mr. Carpenter gained another yard on second down, setting up Mr. Marlow's TD. Rollie Miles scored 2 touchdowns for the Eskimos and linebacker Ted Tully scored the other. Mr. Mobra converted 2 of the TDs, and Jackie Parker punted for a single. Edmonton linebacker Earl Lindley suffered a shoulder separation that ended his season and shortened his career.
Billy Graham scored 2 touchdowns and 3 converts to lead the Dutchmen over the Lords at Labatt Park. Don Siemon and Mr. Bailey scored the other K-W touchdowns, and Bob Celeri punted for a single. Mr. DeArmon scored the London touchdown, converted by Jack Jacobs.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops (3rd week at #1)
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, founder of Transcendental Meditation, made his first visit to Edmonton, addressing an audience of 125 at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium.
Politics and government
John Lynch took office as Prime Minister of Ireland, replacing Sean F. Lemass, who had resigned. Mr. Lynch, who had been the finance minister, was elected by a 71-64 vote of the Dail Eireann (House of Deputies).
In the Georgia gubernatorial election, Republican Party candidate Howard "Bo" Callaway received 46.53% of the vote, with Democratic Party candidate Lester Maddox getting 46.22% and independent Ellis Arnall 7.08%. According to Georgia law, if no candidate received more than 50% of the vote, the Georgia General Assembly was allowed to elect the Governor. The law was appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, which voted 5-2 to uphold the state law. On January 10, 1967, the Georgia General Assembly voted 182-66 in favour of Mr. Maddox over Mr. Callaway.
40 years ago
This blogger and the rest of Mrs. Conrad's English 20 class at Henry Wise Wood High School in Calgary attended a performance of The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams, starring Lynne Griffin, at Theatre Calgary.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the Voice--John Farnham (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Typical Male--Tina Turner
Died on this date
Francis "King" Clancy, 83. Canadian hockey player, coach, official, and executive. Mr. Clancy played in the National Hockey League with the Ottawa Senators from 1921-1930 and the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1930-1936 (including the first 6 games of the 1936-37 season), scoring 136 goals, making him the highest-scoring defenseman in NHL history at the time of his retirement. He was a first-team all-star in 1931 and 1934, and a second-team all-star in 1932 and 1933. Mr. Clancy was a member of Stanley Cup champion teams in 1923, 1927, and 1932, and on March 31, 1923, in a Stanley Cup game against the Edmonton Eskimos, became the first player to play all 6 positions in a single game. He coached the Montreal Maroons of the NHL and the Cincinnati Mohawks and Pittsburgh Hornets of the American Hockey League, leading the Hornets to the Calder Cup championship in 1952. Between his NHL and AHL coaching days, Mr. Clancy spent 11 years as an NHL referee. Mr. Clancy coached the Maple Leafs for several seasons in the 1950s, and then was made the team's assistant general manager. He returned to coaching on an interim basis when Punch Imlach fell ill during the 1966-67 season, and when John McLellan fell ill during the 1971-72 season. In both cases, Mr. Clancy helped to calm the Maple Leafs when they were struggling, and the team responded well. Mr. Clancy was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1958 and the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1975. He spent his last years in the company of his friend Harold Ballard, not only in attendance at Maple Leafs' home games, but at home games of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League. Mr. Ballard had purchased the Tiger-Cats in 1978, and Mr. Clancy died just 20 days before they won the Grey Cup.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Fly--U2 (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (15th week at #1)
Died on this date
Robert McClure, 90. U.S.-born Canadian physician. Dr. McClure, a native of Portland, Oregon, was raised in China by missionary parents before moving to Canada. He obtained a medical degree from the University of Toronto in 1922, and served as a medical missionary in Henan, China from 1923-1948. Dr. McClure became the first lay moderator of the United Church of Canada, holding the position from 1968-1971. He died 13 days short of his 91st birthday.
Ottawa 8 @ Winnipeg 26
British Columbia 41 @ Calgary 43
The Blue Bombers had an easy time defeating the Rough Riders before 22,799 fans at Winnipeg Stadium in the game that ended the career of Joe Faragalli as Ottawa's head coach. The teams combined for 8 turnovers, 7 sacks, and less than 300 yards in net offense. Former Blue Bomber Jeff Smith, playing his only game of the season, caught a pass late in the game for the only Ottawa touchdown, and Mr. Faragalli was not pleased with Mr. Smith's touchdown celebration.
Only 14,026 fans--including this blogger--were in attendance on a beautiful Sunday afternoon at McMahon Stadium, but they saw a great game. The Lions, led by quarterback Doug Flutie, led 31-16 at halftime, but the Stampeders, quarterbacked by Danny Barrett, took control in the 2nd half and directed the team to 4 converted touchdowns in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Flutie was handicapped by the fact that two of his starting receivers--Matt Clark and Mike Trevathan--were absent because of injury, and were replaced by rookies Spencer McLennan and Kevin Thompson. When the Lions fell behind, Mr. Flutie was unable to mount one of his patented late-game comebacks because the Calgary offense was able to maintain control of the ball, led by the rushing of former Lion Keyvan Jenkins. Mr. Barrett finished the game with 5 touchdown passes. The win was Calgary's first in a playoff game since 1979.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wannabe--Spice Girls
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Zehn kleine Jägermeister--Die Toten Hosen
#1 single in Switzerland: Zehn kleine Jägermeister--Die Toten Hosen (2nd week at #1)
Hamilton 11 @ Montreal 22
Winnipeg 7 @ Edmonton 68
The Montreal defense intercepted 4 passes from Hamilton quarterback Anthony Calvillo and Tracy Ham completed touchdown passes to Chris Armstrong and Denis Montana in the 2nd half as the Alouettes beat the Tiger-Cats before 20,036 fans at Olympic Stadium. Mr. Ham's TD pass to Mr. Montana in the 4th quarter clinched the win for the Alouettes.
Jim Sandusky caught 3 touchdown passes and Eric Blount added 2 touchdowns as the Eskimos routed the Blue Bombers on a snowy day before only 13,472 fans, the smallest crowd ever to attend a CFL game at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton led 10-1 after the 1st quarter, 31-1 at halftime, and 46-1 after 3 quarters as they amassed the greatest single-game point total and the most lopsided win in modern CFl post-season history. The Blue Bombers neglected to bring shoes that were appropriate for the conditions, and someone was hastily sent to a store in Edmonton to get some during the game, but by the time the players donned the new shoes, the game was already out of reach. The Blue Bombers complained that the Eskimos were using illegal footwear, and the Eskimos were in fact penalized on one play, but Edmonton general manager Hugh Campbell denied that the team was cheating. Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus completed 12 of 20 passes for 256 yards and 4 touchdowns, while backup Cody Ledbetter was 2 for 4 for 52 yards and a touchdown. Eddie Brown caught 3 passes for 107 yards, Mr. Sandusky caught 5 for 93, and Darren Flutie caught 4 for 80 and a touchdown. Mr. Blount rushed 17 times for 76 yards and a touchdown, and caught 1 pass for an 8-yard TD. Jay Hamilton, seeing the first extended playing time of his career, rushed 7 times for 45 yards, and scored his only CFL touchdown on a 15-yard rush on the last play of the game. Kavis Reed returned an interception 45 yards for an Edmonton touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Glenn Roges, Jr. returned another 38 yards for a TD in the 4th quarter. Sean Fleming set a CFL playoff record with 9 converts and opened the scoring with a field goal, and Glenn Harper punted for 2 singles. Reggie Slack, who split the Winnipeg quarterbacking duties with Kent Austin, rushed 1 yard for a touchdown 1:05 into the 4th quarter. Troy Westwood's single off a missed field goal in the 1st quarter provided the other Winnipeg point. Mr. Slack completed just 6 of 22 passes for 98 yards, while Mr. Austin was 4 for 8 for 36 yards in the last game of his 10-year CFL career. Allan Boyko was virtually the only Winnipeg player to have a good game, catching 7 passes for 115 yards. Hall of Famer Milt Stegall caught just 1 pass for 5 yards; Mr. Reed stepped in front of him to make the interception that he returned for a TD, and Mr. Stegall and Mr. Austin got nto a heated exchange on the sidelines afterward, prompting head coach Cal Murphy to come over to try to settle things down. The Eskimos rolled up 471 yards net offense, while limiting the Blue Bombers to 75 yards net offense. The loss was such a debacle that few Blue Bombers were brought back for 1997. The most prominent casualty was Mr. Murphy, who had been head coach and/or general manager of the Blue Bombers since 1983.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Jack Palance, 87. U.S. actor. Mr. Palance, born Volodymyr Palahniuk, had a short professional boxing career and served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II before becoming an actor in the late 1940s. He became known for his supporting roles as menacing characters in movies such as Sudden Fear (1952) and Shane (1953), but won an Emmy Award for his memorable starring role in the television drama Requiem for a Heavyweight (1956). Mr. Palance hosted the television documentary series Ripley's Believe it or Not! (1982-1986), which led to more roles in films such as Bagdad Café (1987) and Batman (1989). He won the Academy Award for his supporting performance in City Slickers (1991).
Gerald Levert, 40. U.S. singer. Mr. Levert was the son of Eddie Levert, lead singer of the 1960s-1970s soul group the O'Jays. Gerald and his brother Sean, with friend Marc Gordon, comprised the grouo LeVert, who released several bestselling albums in the 1990s and 2000s. Mr. Levert died from a fatal combination of prescription drugs that he was taking for pain from a shoulder problem and surgery the year before to repair a ruptured achilles tendon.
Alberta Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong, former Alberta Premier Don Getty, and this blogger were among those in attendance at a public memorial service for former Edmonton Eskimos' quarterback, halfback, kicker, and head coach Jackie Parker, who had died three days earlier at the age of 74. The widow of Mr. Parker's close friend and teammate Rollie Miles delivered a moving tribute. The service was held in the Jackie Parker Room at Commonwealth Stadium.
Images of the Dominion Archives Building now on Flickr - Library and Archives Canada collects and preserves the archives of some of Canada’s most notable architects, architectural firms and organizations. These a...
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