Tuesday, 15 November 2016

November 15, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Powless!

700 years ago
1316


Born on this date
John I
. King of France, 1316. John I was the posthumous son of King Louis X, who had died on June 5, 1316. King John I succeeded to the throne upon his birth, but lived just five days; no cause of death was specified, but poisoning was suspected by some. He was succeeded as king by his uncle Philip V, who had served as regent during John I's reign.

225 years ago
1791


Academia
Georgetown University, the first Roman Catholic college in the United States, opened in Georgetown, D.C.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Erwin Rommel
. German military officer. Field Marshal Rommel was popularly known as "The Desert Fox" because of his leadership of German and Italian forces in the North Africa campaign during World War II. He was linked to the July 20, 1944 assassination attempt to assassinate German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, and elected the least objectionable option of committing suicide by taking a cyanide pill on October 14, 1944 at the age of 52.

W. Averell Harriman. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Harriman, a Democrat, was U.S. Secretary of Commerce in the administration of President Harry Truman from 1946-1948, and was Governor of New York from 1955-1959. He held several diplomatic posts, and was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's special envoy to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill during World War II. Mr. Harriman died on July 26, 1986 at the age of 94.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Nita Barrow
. Governor General of Barbados, 1990-1995. Miss Barrow, ths sister of Prime Minister Errol Barrow, had a distinguished career in nursing before being appointed Governor General. She died in office at the age of 79 on December 19, 1995, and was succeeded by acting Governor General Denys Williams before Clifford Husbands was given the office on a full-time basis.

Bill Melendez. Mexican-born U.S. animator. José Cuauhtémoc Meléndez moved to the United States at an early age, and worked on cartoons with various movie studios. He was best known for animating and directing Peanuts television specials and movies from 1965-2006, as well as providing the voices of Snoopy and Woodstock. Mr. Melendez died on September 2, 2008 at the age of 91.

Died on this date
Henryk Sienkiewicz, 70
. Polish author. Mr. Sienkiewicz was awarded the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer." He was known for his historical novels, especially Quo Vadis (1896).

90 years ago
1926


Radio
The National Broadcasting Company network opened with 24 stations.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Piano Concerto in B Flat--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

War
Moscow radio reported that 20 boatloads of German troops attempting a suprise landing in the Murmansk coast in the far north of Russia had been sunk. Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King announced in Ottawa that a Canadian force commanded by Brigadier J.K. Lawson had arrived in Hong Kong. Five U.S. Congressmen left New York for the United Kingdom to study war conditions.

Diplomacy
Special Japanese envoy Saburo Kurusu said upon his arrival in Washington, "I think I have a fighting chance to make a success of my mission."

Defense
Philippine President Manuel Quezon said in Manila that the Philippines would fully cooperate with the United States "to save deomcracy and banish the totalitarians from the face of the Erth."

Football
ERFU
Finals
Ottawa 10 @ Toronto Argonauts 1 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 18-17)

WIFU
Finals
Regina 2 @ Winnipeg 8 (Winnipeg won best-of-three series 2-1)

George Fraser kicked 2 field goals, Arnie McWatters added 3 singles, including one for the winning point on the last play of regulation time, and Bert Haigh punted for another single as the Rough Riders overcame a 9-point deficit to defeat the Argonauts before 17,864 fans at Varsity Stadium. Earl Selkirk scored the only point for Toronto on a missed field goal in the 1st quarter to give the Argonauts a 1-0 lead in the game and a 17-8 lead in the series. The miss would later prove costly.

Ches McCance kicked 2 field goals out of the mud at Osborne Stadium as the Blue Bombers defeated the Rough Riders to win their fifth straight WIFU title. Wayne Sheley added 2 singles for Winnipeg, while Norm Geller and Mr. Caprara punted for singles to account for the Regina scoring.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
James Kendis, 63
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Kendis and partner James Brockman wrote songs such as I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles.

Diplomacy
Dutch and Indonesian negotiators meeting near Batavia signed the Linggadjati Agreement, providing for the creation of the United States of Indonesia, including Sumatra, Java, Celebes, and most of Borneo, within a Netherlands Union. The Netehrlands promised to sponsor Indonesia for United Nations membership.

Politics and government
China's Constitutional Assembly convened in Nanking despite a boycott by Communists, the Democratic League, and Social Democrats. Addressing the opening session, Nationalist leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek called the Assembly the beginning of constitutional government in China.

Colombia's five Conservative ministers resigned when the Liberal majority in Congress failed to agree on a proposal for cooperation with the administration.

The U.S. Employment Service, with 1,800 field offices and 24,000 employees, returned to state control after nearly five years of federal operation.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis notified U.S. Interior Secretary Julius Krug that the UMW would terminate the collective contract for the soft coal industry in five days.

In a move to curb left-wing union affiliates, the annual CIO convention in Atlantic City adopted a rule threatening local councils with expulsion for actions opposed to CIO policy.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Au revoir Rome--Lucienne Delyle (7th week at #1)

War
The United Nations Emergency Force arrived in Egypt to solve the impasse between Egypt on one hand, France and Britain on the other. In notes to the United Kingdom, France, and Israel, U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Bulganin renewed his demand for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Egypt and urged payment of compensation for loss of life and property damage inflicted by the invading forces. Tunisian Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba appealed for the dispatch of UN troops to Algeria to end "butchery not less horrible than the butchery at Budapest."

Diplomacy
Clare Boothe Luce resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Italy because of illness.

Protest
The Budapest Central Council of Workers voted to continue the city's week-old general strike until the government agreed to restore Imre Nagy as Premierand obtained withdrawal of Soviet forces from Hungary.

Disasters
A Mexican airliner crashed near Salina Grande, Nicaragua, killing 24 people.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named New York Yankees' center fielder Mickey Mantle as the American League's Most Valuable Player for 1956. Mr. Mantle won the Triple Crown, leading the AL in batting average (.353), home runs (52), and runs batted in (130) as the Yankees won the World Series.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Approach with Care, with guest stars Denny Miller, Collin Wilcox, and Malcolm Atterbury

Space
The Gemini 12 crew of Command Pilot Jim Lovell and Pilot Buzz Aldrin splashed down safely in the Atlantic Ocean, completing the Gemini program.

Disasters
Pan Am Flight 708, a Boeing 727, crashed near Berlin, killing all three crewmen on board.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Money, Money, Money--ABBA

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Abayo--Naoko Ken

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): O Tú, O Nada--Pablo Abraira

Died on this date
Jean Gabin, 72
. French actor. Mr. Gabin, born Jean-Alexis Moncorgé was one of France's most prominent actors, starring in films such as Pépé le Moko (1937); La grande illusion (1937); and La bête humaine (1938). He died of leukemia.

War
Syrian peacekeeping troops completed the occupation of Beirut, effectively ending the 19-month civil war in Lebanon.

Diplomacy
The United States vetoed Vietnam's application for membership in the United Nations.

China rejected friendlier ties with the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
The Parti Québécois, led by René Lévesque, defeated the governing Liberals of Premier Robert Bourassa in the Quebec provincial election to become the first party in the province's history to win an election with the policy of taking the province out of Confederation (hear audio). The PQ captured 71 of 110 seats in the National Assembly, up from 6 in the 1973 election. The Liberals who had won 102 seats in 1973, were reduced to 26. The Union Nationale, led by Rodrigue Biron, won 11 seats after being shut out in 1973. Ralliement créditiste leader Camil Samson was the only member of his party elected, while Fabien Roy was the only Parti national populaire elected.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notorious--Duran Duran

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Take My Breath Away--Berlin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Take My Breath Away--Berlin

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Amanda--Boston (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Amanda--Boston (2nd week at #1)
2 Human--Human League
3 True Blue--Madonna
4 You Give Love a Bad Name--Bon Jovi
5 Take Me Home Tonight--Eddie Money
6 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
7 I Didn't Mean to Turn You On--Robert Palmer
8 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant
9 Word Up--Cameo
10 Typical Male--Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were This is the Time by Billy Joel (#80); Miami by Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band (#82); Will You Still Love Me? by Chicago (#83); Stop to Love by Luther Vandross (#85); You Got it All by the Jets (#87); Nobody's Fool by Cinderella (#88); and Some People by Paul Young (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Human--Human League
2 The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh
3 True Blue--Madonna
4 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
5 Two of Hearts--Stacey Q
6 Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics
7 Amanda--Boston
8 Rumors--Timex Social Club
9 When I Think of You--Janet Jackson
10 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant

Singles entering the chart were Land of Confusion by Genesis (#73); Falling in Love (Uh-Oh) by Miami Sound Machine (#79); Control by Janet Jackson (#84); Goldmine by the Pointer Sisters (#86); War by Bruce Springsteen (#88); All Cried Out by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam with Full Force (#97); The Future's So Bright by Timbuk 3 (#98); and Turn it On by Zappacosta (#99).

Football
CFL
Western Semi-Final (3rd @ 2nd)
Winnipeg 14 @ British Columbia 21

The second-place Lions jumped out to a 21-14 lead over the third-place Blue Bombers and barely hung on to win before 40,381 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. wide receiver Merv Fernandez rushed 16 yards for a touchdown late in the 1st quarter and caught a 51-yard touchdown pass from Roy Dewalt in the 2nd quarter. Lui Passaglia converted both and added 2 converts, 2 field goals, and a single. Winnipeg's star running back Willard Reaves, playing his first game in more than 3 months because of a knee injury, was ejected from the game in the 3rd quarter with his team trailing 21-0, and his absence proved costly. Winnipeg quarterback John Hufnagel rallied the Blue Bombers in the 4th quarter with touchdown passes to Perry Tuttle and James Murphy, both converted by Trevor Kennerd. Late in regulation time, Mr. Hufnagel drove the Blue Bombers from their own 27-yard line to the B.C. 4, where they had a first down. With Mr. Reaves unavailable, Mr. Hufnagel handed off to the smaller and less powerful Sean Kehoe, who was stopped twice, and then deliberately fumbled forward on third down, only to have the Lions take possession. It was the final game for Mr. Kehoe as well as the great Winnipeg receiver Joe Poplawski, and backup quarterback Jim Zorn. It was the final game in a Winnipeg uniform for Mr. Hufnagel, who had played very well after starter Tom Clements had suffered a season-ending broken collarbone on Labour Day weekend. The Lions were to play the western final against the winner of the following day's semi-final between the fourth-place Calgary Stampeders and the first-place Edmonton Eskimos.



CIAU
Central Bowl
British Columbia 32 @ Bishop's 30

Atlantic Bowl
Western Ontario 29 Acadia 22 @ Halifax

Terry Cochrane rushed for 117 yards and 3 touchdowns and Tom Munro caught a pass from quarterback Jordan Gagner as the Thunderbirds barely held off the Gaiters. Wally Zatylny scored 2 touchdowns for Bishop's and Dennis Walker scored the other as the Gaiters took a 24-21 at halftime lead. UBC came back to take a 32-24 lead in the 4th quarter before Bishop's quarterback Tony Harris rushed 3 yards for a touchdown in the final minute of regulation time. UBC was called for pass interference on the 2-point convert attempt, giving the Gaiters another opportunity from the 1-yard line. Fullback Doug Johnson took the ball on a handoff and was stopped a foot short of the goal line.

Blake Marshall rushed 24 times for 193 yards, including a 41-yard touchdown late in the 3rd quarter, as the Mustangs defeated the Axemen at Huskies Stadium. Rob Stewart, on a 69-yard rush, and Dave Sapunjis, on a 3-yard rush, also scored touchdowns for UWO, while Jeff Crews added 3 converts, 2 field goals, and 2 singles. Paul Masotti caught 2 touchdown passes for Acadia, while Terry Baker added 2 converts, 2 field goals, and a single on the game's opening kickoff.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Alone--B'z (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa

Died on this date
Rob McCall, 33
. Canadian figure skater. Mr. McCall, a native of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, and ice dancing partner Marie McNeil won the Canadian national championship in 1981. He then teamed up with Tracy Wilson, and the pair won seven Canadian championships in a row from 1982-1988, and won the bronze medal at the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics. Mr. McCall was a sodomite who died of AIDS-related brain cancer.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Quit Playing Games (With My Heart)--Backstreet Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't That Just the Way--Lutricia McNeal

Died on this date
Alger Hiss, 92
. U.S. traitor. Mr. Hiss was a lawyer and an official with the U.S. State Department in the 1940s, and was involved with the founding of the United Nations. In 1948, Time magazine senior editor and former Communist Whittaker Chambers appeared before the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities and accused Mr. Hiss of involvement in an underground Communist cell in the 1930s. Mr. Hiss denied the charge it looked as though that would be the end of the investigation, but committee member Richard Nixon (Republican--California) insisted on pursuing the case. The statute of limitations had expired on the possibility of charging Mr. Hiss with espionage, but he was charged with two counts of perjury for his denial of having been a Communist and having met Mr. Chambers. The first trial, in 1949, ended in a hung jury, with an 8-4 vote in favour of conviction. The retrial resulted in a verdict on January 21, 1950 of guilty on both counts. Four days later, Mr. Hiss was sentenced to two five-year prison terms, to be served concurrently. He was released after three years and eight months and worked for a stationery company in New York City before being readmitted to the bar, after having been disbarred upon his conviction. Mr. Hiss always maintained his innocence despite the evidence of his guilt. In the words of Mr. Nixon, "If the American people understood the real character of Alger Hiss, they would boil him in oil." Mr. Hiss died four days after his 92nd birthday.

10 years ago
2006


Television
Al Jazeera English launched its worldwide service.

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