Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Louise Bingley!
1,375 years ago
Died on this date
Jomei, 48. Emperor of Japan, 629-641. Jomei, born Tamura, was the grandson of Emperor Bidatsu and the son of Prince Oshisakanohikohito-no-Ōe. Jomei succeeded his great aunt Empress Suiko, and was succeeded by his wife and niece Kōgyoku.
140 years ago
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Slavonic March was given its premiere performance in Moscow, conducted by Nikolai Rubinstein.
120 years ago
Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier named Clifford Sifton as Minister of the Interior. The MP for Brandon held the office until 1905, and was responsible for attracting settlers from the United States and Europe.
The Western Pennsylvania Hockey League began play, with Duquesne Country & Athletic Club defeating Pittsburgh Athletic Club 2-1 at Schenley Park Casino in Pittsburgh.
110 years ago
Montreal Amateur Athletic Association (QRFU) 6 @ Hamilton Tigers (ORFU) 11
100 years ago
Born on this date
Shelby Foote. U.S. historian. Mr. Foote was best known for The Civil War: A Narrative, published in three volumes from 1958-1974. He died on June 27, 2005 at the age of 88.
90 years ago
Toronto 1 @ Chicago 4
More than 7,000 fans at Chicago Coliseum saw the Black Hawks play their first game ever, defeating the St. Patricks.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Ernst Udet, 45. German military aviator. Generaloberst Udet was an air ace during World War I and recorded 62 combat victories, second to Baron Manfred von Richtofen's 80 among German aces. He joined the Nazi Partyin 1933 and helped to develop the Luftwaffe, becoming Director-General of Equipment in 1939. Generaloberst Udet became a heavy drinker, which combined with the strain of the war and personal relationships to lead him to commit suicide by shooting himself.
The German command announced the capture of Kerch, on the eastern coast of Crimea.
Japanese Prime Minister General Hideki Tojo, addressing the Diet, outlined a three-point program, indicating that the success of U.S.-Japanese peace talks depended on its fulfillment. He called for a free hand in China, an end to the "economic blockade" of Japan, and efforts to prevent the spread of the European war to East Asia. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt received Japanese envoy Saburo Kurusu at the White House.
U.S. President Roosevelt signed the congressional resolution repealing sections of the Neutrality Act which had prohibited American merchant ships from mounting guns or entering war zones. U.S. Senator Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) introduced a bill to give the President increased power to take over defense plants or mines tied up by strikes and to freeze open or closed shops for the duration of the emergency.
Michael William Etzel was sentenced in Baltimore by U.S. Federal Judge William C. Coleman to 15 years in prison for sabotaging bombers at Glenn L. Martin Company.
For the third time since September 15, 53,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America members struck for a union shop in coal mines owned by steel companies in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Alabama, Kentucky, and Illinois.
70 years ago
Albert Einstein, head of an Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, opened a drive to raise $1 million for public education on the atomic bomb menace.
Economics and finance
U.S. officials revealed in Washington that 18 Allied nations would receive an estimated $450 million from the liquidation of German assets in neutral countries.
Following the termination of Nationalis-Communist negotiations in China, prices rose in Shanghai and Nanking as householders bought up commodities and foreign currency in anticipation of full-scale civil war.
U.S. President Harry Truman ordered Attorney General Tom Clark to obtain a court order preventing the United Mine Workers of America from striking against government-operated plants.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rosalie--Freddy Quinn (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray (2nd week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Me Tender/Any Way You Want Me--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1); The Green Door--Jim Lowe (Jukebox--1st week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
3 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
4 Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell
5 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
6 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
7 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley
8 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
9 Cindy, Oh Cindy--Vince Martin with the Tarriers
10 Friendly Persuasion (Thee I Love)--Pat Boone
Singles entering the chart were Slow Walk by Sil Austin (#35); I'm Free by Al Hibbler (#42); and Just in Time by Tony Bennett (#43).
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, by Tennessee Williams, closed on Broadway in New York after 694 performances since March 24, 1955.
The Egyptian government placed an estimated 15,000 British and French civilians under house arrest.
Soviet Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev, addressing Polish officials in Moscow, condemned Western foreign policy as doomed to failure, claiming, "history is on our side. We will bury you."
Chinese Premier Chou En-lai began a six-week tour of seven Asian countries.
Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. disclosed plans to send 15 million rubles ($3.75 million) worth of food and medical supplies to Egypt.
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower announced a new program designed to expand cooperation with friendly countries on the peaceful use of nuclear power.
A ferry bound from Taiwan to the Pescadores struck a reef and sank, drowning 102 passengers.
31 people were killed when a Colombian airliner crashed near Dagua, Colombia.
Hamilton 41 @ Montreal 48 (Montreal won 2-game total points series 78-62)
Saskatchewan 7 @ Edmonton 51 (Edmonton won best-of-three series 2-1)
London 14 @ Kitchener-Waterloo 27 (Kitchener-Waterloo won best-of-three series 2-1)
Toronto 2 @ Queen's 4
Tony Curcillo passed for 518 yards and 5 touchdowns, but also surrendered 5 interceptions, and the Alouettes defeated the Tiger-Cats before 22,280 fans at Molson Stadium to win their third straight Big Four title. Mr. Curcillo threw touchdown passes of 27, 49, and 50 yards to Hal Waggoner, 34 yards to Cookie Gilchrist, and 18 yards to Paul Dekker. Ralph Goldston scored the other Hamilton touchdown on a 44-yard interception return. Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry passed for 344 yards and 4 touchdowns, connecting for TDs with Hal Patterson (49 yards); Red O'Quinn (49 yards); Fob James (10 yards); and Pat Abbruzzi. Mr. Abbruzzi also rushed for 2 touchdowns, and lateralled to Herb Trawick for a 14-yard TD. Several of the game's key plays occurred in the 2nd quarter. Montreal defensive end Jim Moran set up one of Mr. Abbruzzi's touchdowns when he intercepted one of Mr. Curcillo's passes and returned it 94 yards to the Hamilton 6-yard line. With the Tiger-Cats leading 20-14 and trailing 44-41 in total points, they had possession of the ball on the Montreal 37-yard line, and Mr. Curcillo completed a pass to Ralph Toohy to the 30. However, the Tiger-Cats were called for offensive pass interference, and under the rules in place at the time, the ball was awarded to the Alouettes at their own 34. The call outraged Hamilton head coach Jim Trimble, who charged into the officials' dressing room at halftime and spewed obscienities at referee Seymour Wilson. Mr. Trimble quickly apologized for his foul language, but was still upset at the call; several days later, he was fined $500. Hamilton guard Jim Norman and Montreal centre Tom Hugo were ejected for their parts in a fight that erupted, during which a Montreal fan ran onto the field toward a pile of players and kicked a Hamilton player while he was down. The Tiger-Cats had the better of the offensive statistics, with 205 yards rushing and 543 yards passing to 213 yards rushing and 344 yards passing for the Alouettes. The Alouettes lost 5 of 6 fumbles, while the Tiger-Cats lost 3 of 5 fumbles. The Tiger-Cats took 4 penalties for 69 yards, while the Alouettes were penalized just once for 0 yards. Mr. Abbruzzi rushed for 84 yards on 14 carries, and added 79 yards on 4 pass receptions. Mr. Gilchrist rushed 16 times for 114 yards.
Don Getty completed 10 of 12 passes for 4 touchdowns to lead the Eskimos to their rout of the Roughriders before a Clarke Stadium record crowd of 22,461. Mr. Getty completed touchdown passes of 17, 20, and 24 yards to Jackie Parker, who also punted for 2 singles. Mr. Getty's other TD pass covered 26 yards to Bill Walker, who also punted for a single. Johnny Bright rushed for touchdowns of 9 and 21 yards, and Normie Kwong rushed 1 yard for a TD. Joe Mobra added 6 converts. The Roughriders scored their only touchdown in the 3rd quarter on a 14-yard pass from Frank Tripucka to Sully Glasser. Reg Whitehouse scored the first Saskatchewan point on a single off a wide 25-yard field goal attempt in the 1st quarter. Edmonton led 22-1 after the 1st quarter, 23-1 at halftime, and 37-7 after 3 quarters. The Eskimos amassed 237 yards rushing and 163 passing, while the Roughriders rushed for 95 yards and passed for 121, completing just 7 of 22 passes. The win gave the Eskimos their third straight Western Interprovincial Football Union title, as they looked for their third straight Grey Cup win over the Alouettes a week hence. It was the last game in Saskatchewan uniforms for Mel Becket, Mario DeMarco, Gordon Sturtridge, and Ray Syrnyk; they were killed 22 days later when the plane taking them back from the post-season Shrine Game in Vancouver crashed into Mount Slesse in the Rocky Mountains.
Don Bailey scored 2 touchdowns and Andy Gilmour and Gerry MacTaggart each scored a TD for the Dutchmen as they defeated the Lords at Kitchener Stadium to win their third straight Ontario Rugby Football Union championship. Billy Graham converted 3 of the K-W majors. Jack Conway scored 2 touchdowns for the Lords. Jack Jacobs, who had come out of retirement earlier in the season to play quarterback, converted both London touchdowns, and went back into retirement, although he remained as the Lords' coach.
Jocko Thompson's 18-yard field goal with 55 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Golden Gaels the Yates Cup championship over the Varsity Blues before 10,000 fans at Richardson Stadium in Kingston. Mr. Thompson had kicked a single at 2:22 of the 2nd quarter to give Queen's a 1-0 lead that held up until Mr. Maik scored a single on a wide 22-yard field goal attempt with 2:21 remaining in the 3rd quarter to tie the score. Ross Woods punted for a single with 7:26 remaining in the 4th quarter to give Toronto a 2-1 lead. Queen's halfback Ron Stewart was the star of the game, rushing 16 times for 111 yards, returning 1 kickoff for 31 yards, and returning 7 punts.
Colgate 7 @ Syracuse 61
Jim Brown set a National Collegiate Athletic Association single-game scoring record with 43 points on 6 touchdowns and 7 converts in helping the Orange set a team record for points in a game in their rout of the Red Raiders before a sellout crowd of 39,701 at Archbold Stadium.
Championship @ Mexico City
National University 13 Polytechnico 0
85,000 fans saw the annual championship game, which was played under American rules. Movie queens took sides, and students from opposing schools hurled fruit at one another. Another interesting feature of the Mexican version of American football was that the players' girlfriends sat on the bench with them.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the Voice--John Farnham (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): ¿A Quién Le Importa?--Alaska y Dinarama
Died on this date
Georges Besse, 58. French automobile executive. The chief executive officer of the automobile manufacturer Renault, Mr. Besse was assassinated outside his home in Paris.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Fly--U2 (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa
#1 single in Switzerland: Good Vibrations--Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway
Winnipeg 3 @ Toronto 42
Calgary 38 @ Edmonton 36
Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to David Williams, Darrell K. Smith, and Mike "Pinball" Clemons, and Rocket Ismail returned a punt 75 yards for a touchdown to help the Argonauts rout the Blue Bombers before 50,380 fans at SkyDome, marking the end of the Blue Bombers' reign as Grey Cup champions, and the end of Darryl Rogers' one-season reign as their head coach. The Argonauts led 22-3 after the 1st quarter and 30-3 at halftime. Mr. Dunigan was injued and replaced by Rickey Foggie, who threw to Mr. Smith for another touchdown.
Danny Barrett's 67-yard touchdown pass to PeeWee Smith with 1:02 remaining in regulation time, converted by Mark McLoughlin, enabled the Stampeders to beat the Eskimos before 30,142 fans at Commonwealth Stadium and advance to the Grey Cup for the first time in 20 years. Just a few minutes earlier, Mr. McLoughlin had kicked a 56-yard field goal to reduce the Eskimos' lead to 36-31. Edmonton led 26-8 in the 2nd quarter, but when Dean Dorsey missed an easy field goal attempt late in the quarter, I knew it would come back to haunt the Eskimos--and it did, as the Stampeders scored 20 points in the 4th quarter. For Roy Bennett, the cornerback who was beaten for the winning touchdown, it was his last game. It was also the final game in the 12-year Hall of Fame CFL career for Edmonton middle linebacker Danny Bass and the 13-year CFL career of Edmonton slotback Marco Cyncar, as well as running back Reggie Taylor and Mr. Dorsey. It was also the final game for Wes Montgomery after three seasons as the radio voice of the Eskimos on CFRN. CJCA regained the broadcast rights for 1992, with Bryan Hall returning for his 29th year calling the play-by-play.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): What's Love Got to Do with It--Warren G featuring Adina Howard (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): How Bizarre--OMC (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Zehn kleine Jägermeister--Die Toten Hosen (3rd week at #1)
Montreal 7 @ Toronto 43
Edmonton 15 @ Calgary 12
Mike "Pinball" Clemons returned the opening kickoff 91 yards for a touchdown to begin the Argonauts' rout of the Alouettes before 28,390 fans at SkyDome. Toronto quarterback Doug Flutie completed 30 of 38 passes for 381 yards and a touchdown to Jimmy Cunningham, and rushed 3 times for 20 yards and 2 touchdowns. Backup quarterback Marquel Fleetwood rushed 1 yard for a touchdown with 34 seconds remaining in the game, and Mr. Flutie, who normally held the ball for placekicks by Mike Vanderjagt, suddenly switched places with the kicker, and Mr. Flutie kicked the final convert. Mr. Vanderjagt added 2 field goals and 5 converts, and the team scored a safety touch. The Alouettes broke up the Argonauts' bid for a shutout when Tracy Ham completed a 19-yard touchdown pass to Nigel Williams with 5:24 remaining in the game, converted by Terry Baker. Toronto running back Robert Drummond rushed 8 times for 44 yards and caught 7 passes for 148 yards. It was the only CFL game for Montreal defensive tackle Leonard Renfro, and the last for Bob Price as Montreal's head coach; he resigned when the team's ownership changed after the season.
Sean Fleming's fifth field goal of the game, a 40-yard kick on the final play of regulation, time gave the Eskimos their win over the Stampeders before 17,693 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Fleming's other field goals came from 36, 38, 22, and 40 yards; he missed a 32-yard field goal late in the 4th quarter, and made a potentially game-saving tackle on Calgary returner Marvin Coleman. Mr. Fleming was injured on the play, which affected his performance in the Grey Cup a week later. Mr. Fleming's first field goal came after Maurice Miller recovered a Calgary fumble on the opening kickoff. Edmonton defensive end Jed Roberts recovered a Calgary fumble and defensive back Kavis Reed made an interception, both leading to field goals in the 1st half. Calgary kicker Mark McLoughlin accounted for all of his team's points with 4 field goals in 5 attempts. Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus completed just 19 of 40 passes for 179 yards, but made big plays when they were needed. Darren Flutie led Edmonton receivers with 106 yards on 9 receptions, but injured himself making a great catch late in the game to set up a field goal. Jeff Garcia started at quarterback for the Stampeders, but was replaced by Danny Barrett for the 2nd half. Edmonton linebacker Larry Wruck suffered a hamstring injury that ended his 12-year CFL career.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Ruth Brown, 78. U.S. singer. Mrs. Brown, born Ruth Weston, was one of the most popular rhythm and blues singers from 1949-1959, with five singles reaching #1 on the Billboard rhythm and blues chart. She dropped out of performing for many years, but made a comeback in the 1970s, and won a Tony Award for her starring performance in the musical Black and Blue (1989). Mrs. Brown died of complications following a heart attack and stroke.
Bo Schembechler, 77. U.S. football coach. Glenn Edward Schembechler, Jr. was a tackle at Miami University in Ohio from 1948-1950, and served as the team's head coach from 1963-1968, compiling a record of 40-17-3. He then went to the University of Michigan, serving as head coach from 1969-1989, compiling a record of 194-48-5, for an aggregate total of 234-65-8. The Wolverines won the Rose Bowl in 1981 and 1989, and three other bowl games in the 1980s, and won or shared 13 Big Ten Conference titles. Every one of the teams he coached finished the season with a winning record. Mr. Schembechler was President of the Detroit Tigers from 1990-1992, and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1993. He died of heart failure the day before the Wolverines' annual game against Ohio State University, which had become a memorable tradition during his years as coach.
The Raid on Dieppe, France, August 19, 1942 - By Alex Comber Warning: This article contains graphic images that may be disturbing to the reader; viewer discretion is advised. Seventy-five years ago tod...
1 day ago