Friday, 4 November 2016

November 3, 2016

180 years ago

Politics and government
In one of the most unusual elections in American history, Vice-President Martin Van Buren was elected President, capturing areas representing 170 of 294 electoral votes. Mr. Van Buren, the candidate of the Democratic party, was running against four Whig party candidates; the Whigs had nominated different presidential and vice-presidential candidates in various regions of the country, hoping to prevent Mr. Buren from obtaining a majority of electoral votes and thus throwing the election into the House of Representatives. William Henry Harrison, former U.S. Senator from Ohio, was the Whig presidential candidate in northern and border states, with Francis Granger as his vice-presidential candidate. Hugh Lawson White, U.S. Senator from Tennessee, was the Whig candidate in middle and southern states, with John Tyler as his vice-presidential candidate. Daniel Webster, U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, was the Whig presidential candidate in his home state, with Mr. Granger as his running mate. Similarly, Willie P. Mangum, U.S. Senator from South Carolina, was that state's Whig candidate for president, with Mr. Tyler as his running mate. Mr. Harrison received 73 electoral votes, Mr. White 26, Mr. Webster 14, and Mr. Mangum 11. 63 of Mr. Harrison's votes were for a Harrison-Granger ticket, while he received 10 votes with Mr. Tyler as his running mate. Richard M. Johnson of Kentucky, Mr. Van Buren's running mate, received 147 electoral votes, 1 short of the majority needed to win election. Virginia's 23 electors acted as "faithless electors," refusing to vote for Mr. Johnson. The remaining 23 Democratic electoral votes for vice-president went to William Smith of South Carolina. Mr. Granger received 77 electoral votes, and Mr. Tyler 47. With Mr. Johnson falling short of a majority, the vice-president would be elected by the United States Senate on December 7. In the popular vote, Mr. Van Buren captured 50.8%, to 36.6% for Mr. Harrison, 9.7% for Mr. White, and 2.7% for Mr. Webster.

120 years ago

Politics and government
Republican Party candidates William McKinley and Garret Hobart were elected President and Vice President, respectively, of the United States, defeating the Democratic Party ticket of William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall. Mr. Bryan was also the presidential candidate of the People's (aka Populist) Party, although that party chose Tom Watson as its vice presidential candidate. The Democratic ticket received 271 electoral votes. Mr. Bryan received 176 electoral votes, but the electoral vote total for his running mates was split--149 for Mr. Sewall, and 27 for Mr. Watson.

110 years ago

Hamilton (6-0) 10 @ Toronto Argonauts (3-2) 8
Toronto Victorias (1-5) 23 @ Peterborough (1-4) 14

100 years ago

The Providence Players opened their first New York season in Greenwich Village, performing The Game by Louise Bryant; King Arthur’s Socks, a comedy by Floyd Dell; and Bound East for Cardiff, a one-act play by then-unknown playwright Eugene O’Neill.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Annie Oakley, 66
. U.S. marksman. Miss Oakley, born Phoebe Ann Mosey, became an expert marksman in childhood, and became internationally famous in a career running from the 1880s to the 1920s, including time spent as a star with Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. She died of pernicious anemia, and her husband of 50 years, Frank Butler, died just 18 days later at the age of 79.

80 years ago

Politics and government
In one of the most lopsided presidential elections in American history, incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat, was re-elected, winning a second term with 523 electoral votes to just 8 for Republican party challenger Alf Landon, the Governor of Kansas. Mr. Roosevelt took 60.8% of the popular vote to 36.5% for Mr. Landon, whose electoral votes came from Maine and Vermont. It was the only presidential election contested by the Union Party, which had been formed by Francis Townsend, Father Charles Coughlin, and Gerald L.K. Smith, all of whom were strongly opposed to Mr. Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies for dealing with teh Depression. William Lemke, a Republican Congressman from North Dakota, was the Union Party presidential candidate, taking 2.0% of the vote. Socialist Party candidate Norman Thomas recieved 0.4% of the vote, and Communist Party candidate Earl Browder 0.2%. William Dudley Pelley, leader of the Silver Legion of America, ran as the Christian Party candidate in the state of Washington, receiving only about 2,000 votes. Incumbent Vice-President John Nance Garner was re-elected on the ticket with Mr. Roosevelt; Mr. Landon's running mate was Illinois publisher Frank Knox. Mr. Browder's running mate, James W. Ford of New York, had also been the Communist Vice-Presidential nominee in 1932, becoming the first Negro to appear on a ticket in a U.S. presidential election.

75 years ago

The German command announced the splitting of the Soviet forces in Crimea into two groups, both attempting to escape. Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich announced in Prague that he had "completed" his campaign to end Czech resistance, during which about 300 Czechs had been executed.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that if Finland wished to maintain American friendship, she must halt her invaion of Russia and withdraw her troops from Russian soil. The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies adopted a resolution urging other American nations to protest jointly to Germany against the killing of civilians in occupied countries.

The U.S. Navy Department announced that it would build 50 convoy-escort warships in Navy yards for Britain out of Lend-Lease funds, at a total cost of $300 million.

U.S. Senators Francis Maloney (Democrat--Connecticut) and Theodore Bilbo (Democrat--Mississippi) announced their opposition to amending the Neutrality Act.

James Mulloy, a former associate of U.S. Senator William Langer (Republican--North Dakota), testified before the Senate Elections Committee that he had acted as Sen. Langer's intermediary in a 1935 attempt to bribe a federal judge.

Howard Hopson, former president of Associated Gas & Electric System, pled guilty in New York to income tax evasion and was sentenced to two years in prison.

70 years ago

Jawaharlal Nehru and three other Hindu and Muslim leaders appealed from Calcutta for an end to civil strife in India.

Politics and government
Emperor Hirohito of Japan read an Imperial Rescript officially promulgating Japan's new constitution.

Gabriel Gonzalez Videla was inaugurated in Santiago as President of Chile.

Sir John Shaw was named Governor of Trinidad and Tobago.

U.S. Navy airship XM1 landed in Glynco, Georgia after setting a record of 170.3 hours in the air without refuelling.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)--Doris Day (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rosalie--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Woman in Love--Frankie Laine (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Me Tender/Any Way You Want Me--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Jukebox--10th week at #1); The Green Door--Jim Lowe (Top 100-1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
3 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley
4 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
5 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
6 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
7 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
--Jane Powell
8 Tonight You Belong to Me--Patience and Prudence
--Lawrence Welk and his Sparkling Strings
9 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
--Andy Williams
10 Friendly Persuasion (Thee I Love)--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were A Rose and a Baby Ruth by George Hamilton IV (#35); City of Angels by the Highlights (#43); Mutual Admiration Society by Teresa Brewer (#44); (Theme from) Song of the Sparrow by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#46); and Priscilla, with versions by Eddie Cooley and the Dimples, and Julius LaRosa (#50).

Egyptian President Gamal Nasser announced that all Egyptian troops were "being withdrawn" from the Sinai Peninsula in order to defend the Suez Canal against British and French forces. Anglo-French forces reported "the virtual destruction of the Egyptian Air Force as a fighting unit."Israeli Defense Forces killed an estimated 275 Arab men in the town of Khan Yunis in Egyptian-controlled Gaza; Arabs called it a massacre, while Israelis called it a battle.

Rejecting the United Nations General Assembly's appeal for a Middle East cease-fire, the United Kingdom and France released a policy statement claiming that "police action must be carried through urgently to stop the hostilities which are now threatening the Suez Canal."

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) sent its first request to Canada to accept Hungarian refugees fleeing the revolution and Soviet invasion.

Politics and government
Hungarian Prime Minister Imre Nagy revised his cabinet to admit the Social Democratic Party.

Minister of State Anthony Nutting resigned from the cabinet of British Prime Minister Anthony Eden due to "growing disagreement" with Mr. Eden's Middle East policy.

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission denied Democratic Party U.S. presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson's charge that the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower had concealed the fact that radioactive strontium-90 from hydrogen bomb test was endangering the country's milk supply.

Toronto (4-10) 41 @ Montreal (10-4) 27
Hamilton (7-7) 15 @ Ottawa (7-7) 17

Winnipeg 7 @ Saskatchewan 42 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Toronto (6-4) 20 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (8-3) 42

Canadian university
McGill (1-4) 13 @ Toronto (4-0-1) 14
Queen's (3-1-1) 20 @ Western Ontario (1-4) 13

The Roughriders passed for 405 yards and passed for 202 yards as they routed the Blue Bombers at Taylor Field in Regina. Bob McNamara rushed 1 yard for the Winnipeg touchdown, but rushed 9 times for -1 yard.

Billy Graham scored 3 touchdowns and 6 converts as the Dutchmen beat Balmy Beach at Kitchener Stadium. Gerry MacTaggart added 2 touchdowns for Kitchener-Waterloo, and Mr. Pagnan scored the other K-W TD. Toronto quarterback Bernie Custis scored 2 touchdowns and Pat Ruppert scored the other, with Tom Urowitz adding 2 converts.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops (2nd week at #1)

The United States launched OPS 8055, the refurbished Gemini 2 spacecraft, from Cape Kennedy, Florida atop a Titan IIIC rocket as part of the Manned Orbital Laboratory project.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the Voice--John Farnham

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & DJ Sven

The Federated States of Micronesia gained its independence from the United States of America.

The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa broke the story of U.S. arms sales to Iran, bringing the Iran-Contra affair to light.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Fly--U2

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (14th week at #1)

Died on this date
Chris Bender, 19
. U.S. singer. Mr. Bender was a rhythm and blues singer who released two albums before he was shot to death while sitting in his car outside the housing project in Brockton, Massachusetts where his mother lived.

Neil Young reunited with Crosby, Stills & Nash before 300,000 people in a free concert at Golden Gate Park in San Francisco in memory of recently-deceased rock promoter Bill Graham. Other acts included the Grateful Dead; Joan Baez; Santana; and Journey.

Allan Legere was convicted in Fredericton of four counts of first-degree murder in the beating deaths of three women and a Catholic priest during a reign of terror in the Miramachi region of New Brunswick after his 1989 jail break. He filed a hand-written appeal a few days later.

Ottawa (7-11) 31 @ Toronto (13-5) 34
Edmonton (12-6) 28 @ Winnipeg (9-9) 18
Saskatchewan (6-12) 27 @ Calgary (11-7) 39

Lance Chomyc kicked a 50-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time to give the Argonauts their win over the Rough Riders before 36,001 fans at SkyDome. Mr. Chomyc finished the season with a CFL record of 236 points.

Much of one end zone at Winnipeg was covered with ice, so CFL officials decided to shorten the length of the field of play. Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham completed 12 of 29 passes for 151 yards and a touchdown to Chris Armstrong. Mr. Ham, who had rushed for over 1,000 yards in 1990, rushed 5 times for 52 yards and 2 touchdowns, finishing with 998 yards in 1991. 24,240 fans were in attendance.

Danny Barrett threw 3 touchdown passes and Keyvan Jenkins rushed for a TD as the Stampeders clinched second place in the West Division ahead of the British Columbia Lions with their win over the Roughriders before 18,488 fans at McMahon Stadium. For Saskatchewan quarterback Rick Worman, it was the last game of his 6-year CFL career, most of which was spent with the Stampeders.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): What's Love Got to Do with It--Warren G featuring Adina Howard (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): How Bizarre--OMC

#1 single in Switzerland: Zehn kleine Jägermeister--Die Toten Hosen

Died on this date
Jean-Bédel Bokassa, 75
. 2nd President of the Central African Republic, 1966-1976; Emperor of Central Africa, 1976-1979. Captain Bokassa took power in a military coup on January 1, 1966, overthrowing the government of President David Dacko. Mr. Bokassa ruled as a dictator, changing the name of the country to Central African Empire, and declaring himself to be Emperor Bokassa I on December 4, 1976. He was deposed in a French-backed coup on September 20, 1979, Mr. Dacko was reinstated as President, and the country reverted to its former name. Mr. Bokassa was exiled to France but returned to the Central African Republic in 1986, and was tried for treason and murder. He was convicted of murder and sentenced to death, later commuted to life in solitary confinement. Mr. Bokassa was freed in 1993, and lived in last years in the capital city of Bangui.

Abdullah Çatlı, 40. Turkish gangster. Mr. Çatlı led the Turkish ultra-nationalist organization Grey Wolves in the 1970s and was used by the government as a hired killer in later years. He was killed in a deliberately-arranged car crash in the small town of Susurluk while travelling with state officials. The circumstances surrounding Mr. Çatlı's death prompted investigations leading to the resignation of Turkish Interior Minister Mehmet Ağar (a leader of the True Path Party (DYP)).

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien accepted the resignation of Québec Lieutenant-Governor Jean-Louis Roux, after revelations that he had worn a swastika while a student.

Saskatchewan (5-13) 23 @ Calgary (13-5) 46

Robert Mimbs rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter to help the Roughriders take a 13-0 lead, but Danny Barrett relieved Jeff Garcia at quarterback in the 3rd quarter and threw 3 touchdown passes to lead the Stampeders to victory before 19,747 fans at McMahon Stadium. The loss by Saskatchewan clinched fourth place in the West Division for the British Columbia Lions; the Roughriders also finished at 5-13, and each team beat the other once, with the Lions outscoring the Roughriders 41-37 in the two games.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Paul Mauriat, 81
. French orchestra conductor. Mr. Mauriat had a prolific recording career, but was best known for the instrumental single L'amour est bleu (Love is Blue), a major international hit in

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