200 years ago
Warsaw University was established.
150 years ago
The union of the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island was proclaimed in London, as Vancouver Island became part of British Columbia due to a financial crisis. The new capital was to be at Victoria, which was then the largest settlement.
100 years ago
Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.
80 years ago
On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 1
75 years ago
German forces, which had begun large-scale offensives against Moscow and Rostov the previous day, were reported today to have made progress on both fronts. The British command in Cairo announced that U.K. forces had begun a general offensive into Libya at dawn the previous day, advancing more than 50 miles on the first day. The Australian ship HMAS Sydney and German auxiliary cruiser HSK Kormoran sank each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen. The Japanese government reported that one Soviet soldier had been killed and two captured on November 16 when they had crossed the U.S.S.R.-Japan frontier about 30 miles from Manchuli in Manchukuo.
The New York Herald Tribune reported that U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull had told Japanese Ambassador to the United States Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura and assistant Saburo Kurusu that Japan must withdraw from the Axis and renounce further aggression as a basis for a general settlement of Pacific problems.
Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Hull and Mexican Ambassador to the United States Francisco Castillo Najera signed an agreement providing for compensation for U.S. oil property expropriated in 1938.
The U.S. Workers Alliance announced that it had disbanded as a national organization.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt urged steel companies and the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America to immediately settle the coal strike, either by allowing the matter of the closed shop to remain in status quo during the national emergency or submitting this point to arbitration. The steel companies offered to accept either proposal, but UMW President John L. Lewis rejected both. About 92,000 miners halted work in eastern U.S. coal regions in sympathy with strikers in mines owned by steel firms. Supporters of CIO President Philip Murray were involved in fistfights with backers of Mr. Lewis at the CIO convention.
Seven members of the Georgia Board of Regents meeting in Atlanta voted to reinstate 10 university professors who had been ousted by Georgia Governor Eugene Talmadge.
70 years ago
Afghanistan, Iceland, and Sweden joined the United Nations, while Belgium, Colombia, and Syria were elected to the UN Security Council for two-year terms.
The U.S.S.R. Foreign Ministry abolished radio broadcasts from Moscow by foreign correspondents, claiming they were a "temporary measure" resulting from wartime communications difficulties.
Politics and government
Parliamentary elections in Romania gave a two-thirds majority to the government bloc of Communists, Socialists, Ploughmen's Front, and dissident Liberals.
Municipal elections in the central Italian port of Leghorn gave the Communists a 59% majority, the first undivided Communist victory in a Western European city.
20 students were injured as lefitst battled conservatives at the University of Vienna following a conservative victory in the election of Austrian student confederation leaders.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union ended a 2 1/2-month strike by Hawaiian sugar plantation workers.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Francis L. Sullivan, 53. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Sullivan had a distinguished career on stage, winning a Tony Award for his starring performance in Witness for the Prosecution (1955). His films included The Missing Rembrandt (1932); The Citadel (1938); and Oliver Twist (1948). Mr. Sullivan died of a heart attack.
The Israeli Army listed 171 soldiers, including 30 officers, killed in the recent Sinai Peninsula campaign, with "less than 20" Israelis taken prisoner by Egyptian forces.
Politics and government
Reports from London said that British Prime Minister Anthony Eden was suffering from "severe overstrain" and had cancelled all public engagements to avoid a possible breakdown.
The Kashmiri Constituent Assembly in Srinagar adopted an act making Jammu-Kashmir an integral part of India.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
#1 single in France: L'Heure de la Sortie--Sheila (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (10th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bend It--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Supremes
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
2 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
3 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
4 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Supremes
5 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
6 I'm Your Puppet--James and Bobby Purify
7 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
8 Devil with a Blue Dress On & Good Golly Miss Molly--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
9 Rain on the Roof--The Lovin' Spoonful
10 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
Singles entering the chart were Money (That's What I Want) Part 1 by Jr. Walker and the All Stars (#61); (I Know) I'm Losing You by the Temptations (#67); Cry by Ronnie Dove (#88); Mustang Sally by Wilson Pickett (#89); (He's) Raining in My Sunshine by Jay & the Americans (#96); There's Got to Be a Word! by Innocence (#98); Hi Hi Hazel by Gary and the Hornets (#99); Talk Talk by the Music Machine (#100); and Harlem Shuffle by the Traits (also #100).
Edson Arantes do Nascimento, better known as Pelé, scored the 1,000th goal of his 13-year professional career in a game at Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro.
Hamilton 16 Ottawa 42 @ Montreal (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 72-17)
The Rough Riders set a single-game record that still stands with 8 interceptions--one of which was returned by Billy Cline for a touchdown--as they ended the Tiger-Cats' reign as Grey Cup champions with a rout before 20,000 fans in the first Canadian Football League game ever played at Expo Stadium. Lansdowne Park was unavailable, as work had begun late in October on a new grandstand in preparation for hosting the 1967 Grey Cup. Jim Dillard scored 3 touchdowns for the Rough Riders, all on pass receptions, with Whit Tucker, Bo Scott, and Mr. Cline scoring the other Ottawa TDs. Moe Racine kicked 5 converts and a single. Tommy Grant caught 2 touchdown passes for the Tiger-Cats. Don Sutherin, playing his final game in a Hamilton uniform, converted both touchdowns, and the Tiger-Cats added a safety touch. Ottawa quarterback Russ Jackson later claimed this was the coldest game he ever played in; there was no snow, but the wind blowing between the sections of the stands at Expo Stadium made for miserable conditions.
Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
St. Francis Xavier 40 Waterloo Lutheran 14
Terry Gorman caught 6 passes for 131 yards and 3 touchdowns, while intercepting 2 passes and knocking down 3 more to lead the X-Men over the Golden Hawks before 13,678 fans in the second and last College Bowl to be played as an invitational event; a playoff system was instituted in 1967. St. F.X. fullback Paul Brule rushed 32 times for 172 yards and 2 touchdowns. Mr. Gorman, who won the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game's Most Valuable Player, was the son of Peter Gorman, who had founded the game the previous year. It was the only Vanier Cup championship for head coach Don Loney, and remains the only Vanier Cup title for St. Francis Xavier.
Number 1-rated Notre Dame and second-ranked Michigan State played to a 10-10 tie before an overflow crowd of 80,011 at East Lansing, Michigan. The game, which transfixed much of the nation, featured Notre Dame quarterback Terry Hanratty and Michigan State defensive end Bubba Smith. Notre Dame Coach Ara Parseghian was criticized for preserving the tie and not gambling for the victory in the final two minutes. The criticism of coach Parseghian was particularly strong from the University of Alabama, as the Crimson Tide were also in contention for the national championship.
40 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Dancing Queen--ABBA (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Daddy Cool--Boney M (10th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Daddy Cool--Boney M (6th week at #1)
Justice Thomas Berger ended formal hearings in the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, aka the Berger Inquiry, to investigate the social, environmental, and economic impact of a proposed gas pipeline through the Yukon and the Mackenzie River Valley of the Northwest Territories. The hearings had begun on March 3, 1975.
Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Western Ontario 29 Acadia 13
20,300 fans saw the Mustangs score 22 unanswered points to defeat the Axemen to win their second Vanier Cup championship. Rick Haswell caught a 64-yard pass from Jamie Bone for the first Western Ontario touchdown late in the first half, and scored another TD on a reverse late in the 3rd quarter. Tony Fallis rushed for 2 more Western Ontario TDs in the 4th quarter. Paul Ford converted all 4 touchdowns, and Frank McKay punted for a 45-yard single. Acadia dominated the 1st half, with Bob Cameron completing a 40-yard touchdown pass to Bob Stracina, who converted and added 2 field goals. Bill Rozalowsky, who replaced injured starter Rick Scarborough early in the game, led the Western Ontario rushing attack with 112 yards on 20 carries, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player; Mr Fallis added 52 yards on 10 carries. Mark Chernenko led the Acadia ground game with 12 carries for 48 yards. Mr. Stracina, weakened by the flu, caught 13 passes for 232 yards, with 10 receptions for 199 yards in the 1st half. The "fans" put on a disgraceful display, running onto the field at halftime to interfere with the performance of the Burlington Teen Tour Band, and pouring onto the field late in the game with the Mustangs in possession of the ball at their own 35-yard line, forcing the officials to call the game with 1:05 remaining. 12 yahoos were arrested.
30 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Way You Are--Agnetha Fältskog and Ola Håkansson
25 years ago
Died on this date
Reggie Nalder, 84. Austro-Hungarian born U.S. actor. Mr. Nalder, born Alfred Reginald Natzler, was a character actor in numerous films and television programs, but was best remembered as the assassin in The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956). Many of his appearances were in horror films, and was known as "the face that launched a thousand trips." Mr. Nalder died of bone cancer.
Canada signed the United Nations-sponsored agreement in Geneva to cut emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds - solvents that kill plant and combine with nitrous oxides to form ozone.
20 years ago
Lieutenant General Maurice Baril of Canada arrived in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
10 years ago
Grey Cup @ Canad Inns Stadium, Winnipeg
British Columbia 25 Montreal 14
Paul McCallum kicked 6 field goals and a convert as the Lions defeated the Alouettes before 44,786 fans. The Lions led 19-3 at halftime on 4 field goals by Mr. McCallum and a 25-yard touchdown rush by Ian Smart. Damon Duval kicked a 43-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter and converted the only Montreal touchdown, a 2-yard rush by Robert Edwards in the 3rd quarter. Mr. McCallum conceded 2 safety touches to provide the rest of the Montreal scoring. The Alouettes almost scored another touchdown late in the game, but Mr. Edwards fumbled on the B.C. 1-yard line when hit by Javy Glatt, and Otis Floyd recovered for the Lions. B.C. quarterback Dave Dickenson, who completed 18 of 29 passes for 184 yards and rushed 6 times for 53 yards, was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Mr. Edwards led all rushers with 85 yards on 15 carries, while teammate Ben Cahoon was the leading receiver with 137 yards on 11 receptions.
The Raid on Dieppe, France, August 19, 1942 - By Alex Comber Warning: This article contains graphic images that may be disturbing to the reader; viewer discretion is advised. Seventy-five years ago tod...
1 day ago