Monday, 14 November 2016

November 14, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Died on this date
Miguel I, 64
. King of Portugal and the Algarves, 1828-1834. Miguel I was the seventh child and third son of King João VI (John VI) and his queen, Carlota Joaquina of Spain. He supported absolutism against liberalism in the April Revolt in 1834, and was forced to abdicate, and then was forced into exile, spending his last 15 years in the Grand Duchy of Baden. King Miguel I died while hunting.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Frederick Banting
. Canadian physician. Sir Frederick, a native of Alliston, Ontario, shared the 1923 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with J.J.R. Macleod for the discovery of insulin. He died of wounds and exposure on February 21, 1941 at the age of 49, following the crash near Musgrave Harbour, Newfoundland of the plane he was aboard while en route to England to conduct operational tests on the Franks flying suit developed by his colleague Wilbur Franks.

120 years ago
1896


Football
ORFU
Finals
University of Toronto 18 Toronto Athletic Club 16 (University of Toronto won 2-game total points series 61-22)

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Sherwood Schwartz
. U.S. television producer and writer. Mr. Schwartz was best known for creating the television comedy series Gilligan's Island (1964-1967) and The Brady Bunch (1969-1974). He was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 2008, and died on July 12, 2011 at the age of 94.

Died on this date
Henry George, Jr., 54
. U.S. politician. Mr. George, the son of political economist Henry George, was a member of the Democratis Party and represented New York in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1911-1915. He died 11 days after his 54th birthday.

90 years ago
1926


Football
AFL
Philadelphia (5-2) 0 @ Chicago (4-3-2) 3
Boston (2-4) 0 @ New York (8-2) 24

80 years ago
1936


Football
IRFU
Semi-Final
Hamilton 2 @ Ottawa 3

Tiny Herman's field goal in the 3rd quarter provided the winning margin for the Rough Riders on a muddy field at Lansdowne Park. Frank Turville punted for 2 singles for the Tigers.

ORFU
Toronto (3-1) 23 Hamilton (0-4) 0

Canadian university
Queen's (4-2) 5 @ McGill (1-5) 1
Western Ontario (3-3) 0 @ Toronto (4-2) 15

The results set up a playoff game between Queen's and Toronto the following week to decide the league championship.

75 years ago
1941


Abominations
German forces engaged in Operation Barbarossa murdered 9,000 Jews in a single day in Slonim, Belarus.

Space
University of Chicago astronomers Christian Elvey, Polydore Swings, and Horace Babcock announced their discovery and identification, by means of ultraviolet spectroscopy, of cosmic gases in the tail of the Cunningham Comet.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that 970 Marines in Shanghai, Tientsin, and Peking would be withdrawn at once in view of the serious Far East situation.

Diplomacy
Sir Girjz Shankar Bajpzi, the first agent general of India to visit the United States, arrived in New York.

Politics and government
The Chilean Radical, Socialist, Democratic, and Communist Parties agreed to give the Popular Front government of President Geronimo Mendez their full support.

The U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee reported that the grand jury summons served to Rep. Hamilton Fish (Republican--New York) involved the rights and privileges of the House, but that the House could waive the privileges if it desired. Rep. Fish had been summoned to appear before a grand jury investigating Nazi propaganda in the United States.

Law
The U.S. State Department announced a series of regulations requiring aliens to obtain exit permits to leave the country and tightening the procedure for the issuance of entrance visas.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau urged that one billion dollars be cut from non-defense spending for 1944.

Labour
U.S. President Roosevelt declared to Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis and other CIO and steel company leaders that the U.S. government "will not order, nor will Congress pass legislation ordering a so-called closed shop." The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board rejected American Federation of Labor demands for union shops or strong unions security clauses in cases involving the Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation yard at Pascagoula, Mississippi and International Harvester Company.

Journalism
The German government banned reporters with CBS, NBC, and MBS from broadcasting because they "submitted to their home companies unjustified complaints" without stating their grievances to Nazi authorities.

Boxing
Gus Lesnevich (53-7-5) retained his National Boxing Association and New York State Athletic Commission world light heavyweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Tami Mauriello (32-3) at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Lesnevich had won a split decision over Mr. Mauriello on August 26, 1941.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Manuel de Falla, 69
. Spanish composer. Mr. Falla was best known for ballets such as El amor brujo (The Bewitched Love) (1915)--which includes the Danza Ritual Del Fuego (Ritual Fire Dance)--and El sombrero de tres picos (The Three-Cornered Hat) (1917). He died nine days short of his 70th birthday.

Defense
King Farouk of Egypt, in his speech from the throne opening the current session of the Egyptian parliament, said that the British government had promised to withdraw British forces from Egypt by March 31, 1947.

Diplomacy
The 1946 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to U.S. evangelist John R. Mott, "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations" and Wellesley College Professor Emily Greene Balch, "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom."

Politics and government
At a meeting of the United Nations Trusteeship Council, U.S. delegate John Foster Dulles rejected South African annexation of South-West Africa, virtually assuring the UN General Assembly's rejection of the plan.

Literature
The 1946 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to German novelist Herman Hesse "for his inspired writings, which while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style."

Science
The 1946 Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to James Sumner "for his discovery that enzymes can be crystallized," and John Northrop and Wendell Stanley "for their preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form." The 1946 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Percy Bridgman "for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made there within the field of high pressure physics."

Crime
Charges against three U.S. Army veterans accused of attempting to sell photographs of atomic bomb equipment to a Baltimore newspaper were dismissed by a U.S. federal court because of insufficient evidence.

Economics and finance
At a meeting of the United Nations Economic and Financial Council, U.S. delegate Adlai Stevenson rejected UN Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Fiorello La Guardia's proposal for an interim international relief fund, stating that the United States preferred "direct" relief to needy countries.

Chess
Samuel Reshevsky regained the U.S. title in New York by defeating a field of competitors led by Isaac Kashdan.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Floyd Buckley, 79
. U.S. actor. Mr. Buckley acted in plays, films and radio from 1914-1955. He provided the voice of Popeye on radio from 1936-1938.

War
U.S.S.R. forces subdued anti-Communist resistance on Csepel Island in Budapest, ending fighting in the city.

Diplomacy
Leaders of India, Burma, Ceylon, and Indonesia ended a three-day meeting in New Delhi with a statement urging rapid withdrawal of Soviet forces from Hungary.

Politics and government
An opposition censure motion in the Israeli Knesset was defeated after Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion pledged not to withdraw troops from the Sinai Peninsula until Egypt had negotiated a peace treaty.

Football
ORFU
Finals
London 34 @ Kitchener-Waterloo 28 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

George Elliott scored 3 touchdowns and Jack Conway 2 for the Lords as they upset the Dutchmen at Kitchener Stadium. Jack Jacobs converted 4 of the London TDs. Billy Graham scored 2 touchdowns and 4 converts for the Dutchmen, with Gerry McTaggart and Mr. Bailey scoring the other K-W TDs.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black is Black--Los Bravos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mursheen Durkin--Johnny McEvoy

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Dandy--Herman's Hermits
2 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
3 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
4 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
5 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
6 Walk Away Renee--The Left Banke
7 Spin, Spin--Gordon Lightfoot
8 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
9 (You Don't Have To) Paint Me a Picture--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
10 Go Away Little Girl--The Happenings

Singles entering the chart were (Come 'Round Here) I'm the One You Need by the Miracles (#68); Mellow Yellow by Donovan (#81); Why Pick on Me by the Standells (#93); A Place in the Sun by Stevie Wonder (#94); Mame by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#95); Magic in the Air by Cher (#96); It's Only Love by Tommy James and the Shondells (#97); Please Don't Ever Leave Me by the Cyrkle (#98); Please Say You're Fooling by Ray Charles (#99); and Love's Gone Bad by Chris Clark (#100).

Space
Gemini 12 Pilot Buzz Aldrin accomplished his third and last successful space walk, this one lasting 55 minutes.

Labour
5,200 Air Canada machinists and auxiliary workers began a two-week strike, the first in the airline's 29-year history.

Boxing
Muhammad Ali (27-0) retained his world heavyweight championship with a technical knockout of Cleveland Williams (65-6-1) inthe 3rd round at the Astrodome in Houston.



40 years ago
1976


At the movies
Network, starring Faye Dunaway, William Holden, Peter Finch, and Robert Duvall, received its premiere screenings in New York City and Los Angeles.

Football
CFL
Western Semi-Final
Edmonton 14 @ Winnipeg 12

Dave Cutler's 53-yard field goal with 2:49 remaining in regulation time gave the Eskimos their win over the Blue Bombers before 24,320 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Cutler accounted for all the Edmonton scoring with 4 field goals and 2 singles. It looked as though the Blue Bombers would rout the Eskimos, as the first three plays from scrimmage were a 17-yard rush for Jim Washington, a 12-yard rush for Steve Beaird, and a 77-yard touchdown rush for Mr. Washington at 3:15 of the 1st quarter. The Edmonton defense stiffened after that, and there were no more touchdowns. Mr. Washington rushed 17 times for 156 yards and Mr. Beaird added 30 yards in 8 carries, as the Blue Bombers amassed 200 yards rushing. However, Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock completed 11 of 22 passes for just 64 yards, with Mr. Washington catching 4 for 24 yards. Edmonton running back Howard Strickland rushed 17 times for 71 yards in his first Canadian Football League game; one of his runs was for 21 yards, which was the longest rushing play for the Eskimos in the entire 1976 season or post-season. His running mate Calvin Harrell caught 2 passes for 60 yards, while teammate Stu Lang caught 2 for 47. It was the final game in the 2-year CFL career of Mr. Beaird, and the last game in the 15-year Hall of Fame career of Winnipeg offensive tackle Bill Frank.



30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Coming Home (Jeanny Part II)--Falco (2nd week at #1)

Scandal
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission fined arbitrageur Ivan Boesky $100 million for insider stock trading.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Zigzagging--Zig and Zag

Died on this date
Tony Richardson, 63
. U.K.-born U.S. movie director, producer, and screenwriter. Mr. Richardson won Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director for Tom Jones (1963). His other movies included Look Back in Anger (1959); The Entertainer (1960); The Loved One (1965); and Blue Sky (1994). Mr. Richardson was a bisexual who died of AIDS.

Terrorism
The United States called on Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi to hand over Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi and Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah, charged in connection with the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, which killed 270 people.

World events
Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia returned to Phnom Penh after 13 years of exile.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Where Do You Go--No Mercy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Insomnia--Faithless (9th week at #1)

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