Sunday, 6 November 2016

November 4, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Guillermina Ramirez Morales!

225 years ago

The Western Confederacy of American Indians won a major victory over United States Army forces commanded by General Arthur St. Clair in the Battle of the Wabash near what is now Fort Recovery, Ohio.

220 years ago

Politics and government
Voting began in the U.S. presidential election. The candidates included Vice President John Adams, representing the Federalist Party, and Thomas Jefferson, representing the Democratic-Republican party. Voting concluded on December 7.

160 years ago

Politics and government
James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge, representing the Democratic Party, were elected President and Vice President, respectively, of the United States. Mr. Buchanan received 174 electoral votes to 114 for Republican Party candidate John C. Frémont and 8 for former President (1850-1853) Millard Fillmore, representing the American Party (popularly known as the "Know-Nothings"). It was the first presidential election ever contested by the fledgling Republican Party.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Ruth Handler
. U.S. toy magnate. Mrs. Handler, born Ruth Mosko, served as president of Mattel--the toy company co-founded by her husband Elliot Handler--and created the Barbie doll in 1959. She died on April 27, 2002 at the age of 85.

Walter Cronkite. U.S. journalist. Mr. Cronkite began his career in the mid-1930s, and was best known for working with the Columbia Broadcasting System from 1950 to the 1980s. He hosted the CBS Evening News from 1962-1981, and was commonly labelled "The Most Trusted Man in America," becoming perhaps the most famous newscaster in the history of television. Among the things Mr. Cronkite was known for was his coverage of the American space program in the 1960s and '70s. He died on July 17, 2009 at the age of 92.

Hamilton 8 @ Ottawa 24 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 56-11)

The 207th Battalion defeated the 205th Battalion at Lansdowne Park to win the championship of the Overseas Football League in its only season. The OFL was the only senior-level football league playing in Canada in 1916.

80 years ago

Two days after the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation had been created, its French-language counterpart La Société Radio-Canada (SRC), was created in Montreal.

In Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Lydia Gruchy became the first woman minister ordained by the United Church of Canada and the first ever woman ordained minister in Canada.

75 years ago

The German command announced the capture of Theodosia on the southeastern coast of Crimea. The British government announced that five French merchant ships attempting to "run contraband for the Germans" to France had been seized off South Africa. The Finnish command announced the occupation of the Koivisto Islands in the Gulf of Finland. U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Republican--Ohio) scored the U.S. warning to Finland to cease "a war which is essentially a defensive war for democracy."

Haj Amin al-Husseini, exiled Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, left Rome for Berlin after denouncing "British propaganda" in the Near East.

Politics and government
Fiorello La Guardia was re-elected to a third term as Mayor of New York, defeating District Attorney Bill O'Dwyer. Peter Cacchione became the first Communist ever elected to New York City Council, elected under the proportional representation system.

Colgate Darden (Democrat) was elected Governor of Virginia, defeating Republican, Socialist, and Communist candidates.

U.K. Dominions Secretary Leo Amery said in London that Britain would help Burma achieve dominion status after the war.

British Ambassador to the United States Lord Halifax was hit by an egg in Detroit during a demonstration by "The American Mothers."

Czechoslovakian, Polish, Greek, and Yugoslavian delegates to the International Labor Organization conference in New York signed a declaration for joint postwar action for common economic, social, and political aims without affecting each nation's sovereignty.

A dispute between American Federation of Labor ironworkers and boilermakers unions halted construction at the U.S. Navy's destroyer base in San Diego, while a welders' strike curtailed operations at shipyards in Los Angeles.

Dr. Carl Voegtlin, director of the U.S. National Cancer Institute, and Dr. C.P. Rhoads of Memorial Hospital in New York reported that their discoveries of significant respiratory differences between cancer cells and normal cells may lead to a new chemical approach in the fight against cancer.

The Baseball Writers Association of America named Brooklyn Dodgers' first baseman Dolph Camilli as the National League's Most Valuable Player for 1941. Mr. Camilli batted .285 and led the league in both home runs (34) and runs batted in (120) in helping the Dodgers win their first NL pennant in 21 years.

70 years ago

Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--The Andrews Sisters with Les Paul
--Betty Rhodes
--Tony Martin
2 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
3 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--The Three Suns
4 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
5 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
6 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
7 Ole Buttermilk Sky--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis
--Hoagy Carmichael
8 The Things We Did Last Summer--Frank Sinatra
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
9 Choo Choo Ch' Boogie--Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
10 Pretending--Andy Russell

The only single entering the chart was It's a Pity to Say Goodnight by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra (#29), which was the other side of Intermission Riff, charting at #35.

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: Confucius Didn`t Say

Died on this date
Rüdiger von der Goltz, 80
. German military officer. Major General von der Goltz commanded the German infantry division of Guards on Foot in France during World War I before being transferred to Finland in March 1918 to help the nationalist government in the civil war against Finnish "reds" and Soviet troops. He then commanded the army of the Baltic German-established Government of Latvia.

Dutch, Indonesian, and British authorities meeting in Batavia issued cease-fire orders to their forces throughout the Dutch East Indies. The Allied Council of Foreign Ministers held its first meeting in New York to deal with unresolved questions from the Paris Peace Conference, including the Trieste issue.

The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 10, determining that the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco no longer warranted the continuous observation of the Council, and turning over all related documents to the General Assembly.

South African Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts defended his country's proposal to annex South West Africa, as the UN General Assembly's Trusteeship Committee began debates on dependent territories.

China and the United States signed a five-year Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation in Nanking, providing for most favoured nation treatment, but not affecting current U.S. restrictions on Chinese immigration.

Politics and government
Boycotted by the opposition, Greek Prime Minister Constantin Tsaldaris formed a new cabinet, but did not follow U.S. and U.K. suggestions for a broader government coalition.

The U.S. War and Navy Departments named a military liaison committee headed by General Lewis Brereton and Admiral Thorvald Solberg to work with the newly-formed Atomic Energy Commission.

The American Federation of Labor announced that it would set up a permanent office in Germany to help in the reconstruction of German trade unions.

The New York newspaper PM gave up its policy of relying on circulation income and announced that it would accept paid advertising. Editor Ralph Ingersoll resigned in protest against the decision and was replaced by John P. Lewis.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Toby, starring Jessica Tandy and Robert H. Harris

Eight Soviet divisions, with heavy air support, entered Budapest and other Hungarian cities to end the Hungarian revolution against the U.S.S.R. that started on October 23.

Canadian External Affairs Minister Lester Pearson proposed a United Nations police force for Suez to separate Egypt from the invading French, British, and Israeli forces.

The Israeli Foreign Ministry said that Israel had "no intention at present" of leaving the Sinai Peninsula, and that the 1948 Israeli-Egyptian agreement was "finished and dead."

Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. deposed the Hungarian coalition cabinet of Prime Minister Imre Nagy, installing Hungarian Communist Party First Secretary Janos Kadar as Prime Minister of a new all-Communist cabinet.

The final Gallup Poll taken prior to the U.S. presidential election showed 57% of the electorate supporting the Republican Party ticket of President Dwight Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon, with 39% supporting the Democratic Party ticket of Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver.

London (3-7) @ Toronto (6-4) (cancelled)

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: With a Girl Like You--The Troggs (3rd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
2 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
3 Psychotic Reaction--Count Five
4 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
5 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
6 Spin, Spin--Gordon Lightfoot
7 Dandy--Herman's Hermits
8 I Can't Control Myself--The Troggs
9 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
10 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
Pick hit of the week: Behind the Door--Cher
New this week: Blue Snow Night--the Gurus
Heartbreak Hotel--Roger Miller
Let's Run Away--The Staccatos
A Symphony for Susan--The Arbors

Alberta Lieutenant-Governor Grant MacEwan was among those on hand to open the $10.5-million CN Tower, the city's tallest building at the time.

The Soviet government announced that Yantar, a spacecraft with an ion-propulsion system, had been launched in October.

The $500,000 Space Transit Planetarium opened in Miami as a part of the Museum of Science and Natural History.

The U.S.S.R. cast its 104th veto in the United Nations Security Council, defeating a resolution asking Israel and Syria to reduce their border tensions.

Air Canada and Aeroflot began direct service between Montreal and Moscow.

The Arno River flooded Florence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 22 feet (6.7 metres), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. Venice was also submerged on the same day at its record all-time acqua alta of 194 centimetres.

30 years ago

Politics and government
In U.S. mid-term elections, the Democratic Party gained eight seats and the Republicans lost eight, giving the Democrats control of the Senate for the first time since 1980, with a majority of 53-47. First-time Senators-elect included future majority leaders Tom Daschle (Democrat--South Dakota) and Harry Reid (Democrat--Nevada). In the House of Representatives, the Democratic Party gained five seats and the Republicans lost five, increasing the Democratic majority to 253-182. Candidates elected for the first time included Joseph P. Kennedy II (Democrat--Massachusetts), winning the seat formerly held by longtime House Speaker Tip O'Neill; Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Bunning (Republican--Kentucky); actor Fred Grandy (Republican--Iowa); future House Speaker Dennis Hastert (Republican--Illinois); and Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Democrat--Colorado).

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Onnellinen perhe--Ne Luumäet (4th week at #1)

Economics and finance
Canadian External Affairs Minister Barbara McDougall banned Canadian trade with Haiti to protest the September 30 overthrow of the Haitian government of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Zero--Smashing Pumpkins (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion (2nd week at #1)
2 If it Makes You Happy--Sheryl Crow
3 Let's Make a Night to Remember--Bryan Adams
4 Head Over Feet--Alanis Morisette
5 He Liked to Feel It--Crash Test Dummies
6 Nowhere to Go--Melissa Etheridge
7 Test for Echo--Hush
8 Leave it Alone--Moist
9 Burden in My Hand--Soundgarden
10 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp

Singles entering the chart were Fallin' in Love by LaBouche (#91); Un-Break My Heart by Toni Braxton (#96); Ready to Go by Republica (#97); Someone Who's Cool by the Odds (#98); If I Could Talk, I'd Tell You by the Lemonheads (#99); and When You're Gone by the Cranberries (#100).

30 of 45 Québec CÉGEPs (community colleges) went on strike.

New York Yankees' shortstop Derek Jeter was a unanimous choice for American League Rookie of the Year, receiving all 28 first-place votes cast. He batted .314 with 10 home runs, 104 runs, and 78 runs batted in in 157 regular season games; .412 in the American League Division Series; .417 in the AL Championship Series; and .250 in the World Series, as he helped the Yankees win their first World Series championship in 18 years.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Frank Arthur Calder, 91
. Canadian politician. Mr. Calder, a Nisga'a chief, was the first status Indian to be elected to any legislature in Canada. He represented the riding of Atlin in the British Columbia provincial legislature from 1949-1979. Mr. Calder was first elected as a member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), which became the New Democratic Party in 1961. Mr. Calder served in the cabinet of Premier Dave Barrett from 1972-1973, but was expelled from cabinet after being found in an embarrassing sexual situation. Mr. Calder crossed the floor to join the Social Credit Party in 1975, and was re-elected, but lost his seat by a single vote in the 1979 election. His most lasting impact came with Calder vs. Attorney General of British Columbia, a case which established that aboriginal title exists in Canadian law.

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